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高三英语单元测试(unit5-6)


高三英语单元测试(unit5-6)
2005.9.28.2005
第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 55 分) 第一节:单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 21._____ killing of so many protected animals made ___ stir in the local people. A. / ; /

B. The ; / C. / ; a B. adapted D. The ; a C. suitable B. as big a house as D. a house the same big as D. willing 22. Of course, I?m not _____ to associating with people like those young men. A. accustomed A. as a big house as C. the same big house as in my life. A. it A . are B. that B. is C. one C. has D. what D. have 25. Cattle _____ kept off the fields by bamboo fence. 26.---Would you mind passing me the book? --- of course not. But it is _____ my reach. A. far B. beyond C. within D. out 27. As senior 3 students, it is the most important to _____ a good state of mind in face of difficulty. A. keep on B. keep up C. keep out D. keep off 28. The girl came _____ to the bus stop, only _____ the bus had gone. A. running, to find B. to run, to find C. and run, found D. running, finding 29. --- Their offer seems too good to be true. --- Don?t worry. There are no strings _______. A. attached ---- I am _______ A. have stared with; to blame C. have stared from; to blame B. start with; to be blamed D. star from; to be blamed B. accused C. aware of D. attacked 30. --- The dialogue should ________ a question, not a puzzle. 23. Our neighbour has ______ours

24.Jiuzhaigou Valley is a most famous place of interest, ____ I will never forget

31. There was so much noise in the room that the speaker couldn?t make himself
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_____ A. be heard B. heard C. to be heard D. hear 32.____ the meeting himself gave them a great deal of encouragement. A. The president will attend C. The president attended A. When was it that C. That it was when population. A. As A. watched B. It C. What B. stared at D. There D. were fixed upon 35. The teacher?s eyes, without any expression, ______ the boy who made faces. C. was stared at B. The president to attend D. The president?s attending B. That it was when D. When it was that

33._____ he made up his mind to take a trip to Europe?

34._____ is well-known to us all that China has a long history, a large

第二节:完形填空(共 20 题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) On May 2, 1952, a new airplane began airline service. People were very excited about it. The new airplane seemed __36__ great promise(前途). It was a very fine plane, __37___ time would show that it came too early. The new airplane was the De Havilland Comet(德哈维兰彗星号). It was a beautiful plane and it was also the world?s first airplane to ___38__ passengers. It was faster and more ___39_ and passengers liked it very much. At first everything went ___40_ ,but then, after a year of service, there was a strange ___41__. A Comet suddenly ___42_ in the air over Calcutta. The ___43__ could not be found. A little later, in January 1954, the same thing happened to __44__ Comet near the island of Elba. All Comets had to be stopped and __45__ . Nothing wrong could be found, and the Comets __46__ back into service again. Then, only two months later, the same thing happened to a third Comet near Sicily. This time all Comets were stopped for ever. The _47_ Navy sent a team of _48 to the island of Elba, near Italy. It was their job to find one of the Comets that crashed(坠毁). They had to _49_ for months in the cold water near the coast of Elba. _50_ they found every part of the plane. These parts were sent back to England and examined very carefully.
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Then the cause of the accident was _51_. One small part of the plane had burst open before the crash. Planes like the Comets must have _52__inside them when they fly high. Without it the passengers could not __53_. All this air pushes against the metal _54_ of the plane. The _55_ of “pressure” of this air changes when the plane goes higher and lower. All these changes had caused the small part to burst open. 36. A. to do 37. A. as 38. A. please 40. A. wrong 41. A. change 42. A. appeared 43. A. reason 44 A. another 45. A. repaired 46. A. came 47. A, French 48. A. divers 49. A. study 50. A. Finally 51. A. come out 52. A. gas 53. A. breathe 54. A. part 55. A. strength B. to have B. and B. bring B. bad B. noise B. came out B. cause B. second B. examined B. returned B. German B. workers B. work B. Everywhere B. shown B. parts B. move B. skin B. direction C. to keep C. but C. take C. cheap C. well C. accident C. disappeared C. wrong C. other C. kept C. went C. Italy C. scientist C. fight C. Suddenly C. discovered C. atmosphere C. talk C. body C. force D. to be D. since D. fly D. exciting D. good D. thing D. broke out D. problem D. the other D. looked after D. took D. British D. farmers D. play D. Here D. appeared D. air D. stand D. wing D. condition

39. A. comfortable B. beautiful

第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)

A
How much living space does a person need? What happens when his space requirements are not adequately met? Sociologists ( 社 会 学 家 ) and psychologists (心理学家) are conducting experiments on rats to try to determine the effects of overcrowded conditions on man. Recent studies have
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shown that the behavior of rats is greatly affected by space. If rats have adequate living space, they eat well, sleep well, and reproduce well. However, if their living conditions become too crowded, their behavior patterns and even their health perceptibly (显然地)change. They cannot sleep and eat well, and signs of fear and tension become obvious. The more crowded they are, the more they tend to bite each other and even kill each other. Thus for rats, population and violence are directly related. Is this a natural law for human society as well? Is adequate(适当的) space not only desirable, but essential for human survival? 56. What is the purpose of the experiments described in the passage? A. To determine how much living space a rat needs. B. To see what happens when rats live in a limited space. C. To know the likely effects of inadequate living space on human beings. D. to find out the relationship between population and living conditions. 57. Which is NOT a result of being too crowded for rats? A.They become nervous. C.They eat less. B. they show signs of fear. D. They become less active.

58. The passage suggests that overcrowded conditions _________. A.are directly related with population B.may cause an increase in violence C.may lead to high birth rate D.may bring about pollution problems 59. The author seems to imply that _________. A. human society is very similar to that of rats B. B. birth control is essential for a better life C. efforts should be made to improve living conditions D. rats are not social animals

B
WASHINGTON: Chinese scientist Yuan Longping and Dr Monty Jones of Sierra Leone were named co-winners of the 2004 World Food Prize here on Monday for their contribution to world food security and rice production. In announcing the recipients in a ceremony held at the US State Department, President of the World Food Prize Foundation Kenneth Quinn lauded both scientists for their “breakthrough scientific achievements” which
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have significantly increased food security for millions of people from Asia to Africa. Quinn said it was particularly fitting that the two pioneering rice breeders be awarded the prize during the United Nations International Year of Rice, the crop identified as the staple(主要的) diet of more than 3 billion people around the world. Professor Yuan Longping is director general of the China National Hybrid Rice (杂交水稻) Research and Development Centre in Hunan Province, China. Jones is presently executive secretary of Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa. Yuan is credited with developing the world?s first successful and widely grown hybrid rice varieties, revolutionizing rice cultivation in China and tripling production over a generation. Jones?s work recaptured the genetic potential of ancient African rice by combining African and Asian rice species. Present at the ceremony hosted by US Secretary of State Colin Powell were UN Food and Agriculture Director — General Jacques Diouf, US Secretary of Agriculture Ann Veneman and Minister and Deputy Chief of Mission of the Chinese Embassy Lan Lijun. The World Food Prize will be formally presented to Professor Yuan and Jones on October 14 this year in Iowa, the United States. 60. The underlined word “lauded” can be replaced by __ A. landed B. praised D. related D. presented _. 61. Jones won the 2004 World Food Prize for his achievements in A. breeding hybrid rice C. improving ancient African rice B. breeding hybrid wheat D. finding the genetic secret of rice __.

62. Which of the following is NOT true? A. The ceremony was held at the US State Department B. Professor Yuan Longping attended the ceremony hosted by US Secretary of State Colin Powell. C. Professor Yuan and Jones will go to the USA in October to receive the World Food Prize.
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D.3 billion people around the world live on rice.

C
Most people go to a doctor in their own town or suburb (郊区). But people in the Australian outback can?t get to a doctor quickly. The nearest doctor is sometimes hundreds of kilometers away so they have to call him on a two-way radio. This special doctor is called the “flying doctor”. He visits sick people by plane. When someone is very sick, the doctor has to fly to the person?s home. His plane lands on a flat piece of ground near the person?s house. Sometimes the doctor has to take the patient to hospital. Flying doctors take about 8,600 people to hospital each year. However, most of the time the person isn?t very sick, and the doctor doesn?t have to visit. He can give advice on the radio from the office at the flying doctor center. He can tell the patient to use some medicine from a special medicine chest (箱子). There is one of these chests in every home in the outback. Each bottle, tube (管子) and packet (包) in the chest has a number. The doctor often says something like this,“take two tablets (药片) from bottle 5 every four hours.” 63. Some people in the Australian outback can?t get to a doctor quickly. Because_________ A. there are few doctors there away from them C. there is always heavy traffic on the road D. they don?t want to see a doctor 64. The word “outback”in the passage probably means__________. A. the part of a country far away from cities C. forest A. by sea B. by air C. on foot B. downtown D. market-place D. in a car B. the nearest doctor is sometimes very far

65. The doctor there usually goes to visit his patient__________. 66. If the person isn?t very sick, the doctor only _________. A. tells him to have a rest C. gives him some advice B. tells him what food to eat D. gives him some medicine

67. From the passage we know that_________.
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A. people in Australia are seldom ill B. every family in the outback has a special medicine chest C. a “flying doctor”is a man who flies people to hospital D. there are very few hospitals in Australia

D
In schools all over the world boys and girls are learning foreign languages. Many grown-ups are doing so in their spare time. Everybody knows his own language, but to know another is very useful. Which is the best way to learn a language? We should remember what we all learnt our own language well when we were children. If we could learn a second language in the same way, it would not seem so difficult. Think of what a child does. It listens to what people say and it tries to imitate(模仿) what it heard. When it wants something, it has to ask for it. It is using the language. It is talking in it and thinking in it all the time, they would learn it quickly. It is important to remember, also, that we learn our own language by hearing people speak it not by seeing what they write. We imitate what we hear. In school, though you learn to read and write as well as to hear and speak, it is best to learn all new words through the ear. Of course, you must listen to them, spell them, and write them, too. There is no easy way to success in language learning. A good memory is a great help, but it is not enough only to memorize(记住) rules from a grammar book. It is not much use learning by heart long lists or words and their meanings, studying the dictionary and so on.. We must learn by using the language. If we are satisfied with a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the language. “Learning through practice” is a piece of good advice for those who are learning a new language. Practice is important as much as we can. We learn to swim by getting into the water and swimming. And we learn to speak English by speaking it and not by being told about it. 68.The writer?s main purpose in writing this passage is to tell A.something about foreign language B.the beginners how to learn a foreign language C.the readers how to imitate others
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.

D.something about how to practise listening and speaking 69.People know their native language well only because A.they know their native language is useful B.they learn it by reading and writing C.they learn it by hearing it and master it by using D.they treat it as their own language 70.It would be A.easy if we learn a second language in the same way as we C.difficult D.A and B learned the first one according to the passage. B.possible 71.Which of the following is True? A.Only school children are learning foreign languages. B.People know their own language well only after they grow up. C.“A good memory is everything” is a piece of good advice for language learning. D.It is not much use studying the dictionary. .

E
When a friend is sad about a tragedy, it?s hard to know how to comfort him/her. But the worst thing you can do is say nothing. It could be a signal that you don?t care. You don?t have to say much. A single supportive the ice. Here are some conversation starters for when difficult situations have your tongue tied. 1. A friend has a miscarriage. Don?t say: “don?t worry. You are so young, you will have another baby”. Do say “ I?m so sorry. I can?t begin to imagine what you are going through, but if you want to talk about it, call me anytime.” 2. A guy deserts your friend. Don?t say “I never liked that rat bastard anyway!” ( if the couple winds up reconciling, you could end up losing your friend.) do say: “ breaking up is always hard to deal with, but I?m here for you, whatever you need.” 3. A friend has a death in the family Don?t say: “ it?s god?s will” or “ I know exactly how you feel.” Do
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say “ I;m sorry about your loss. What can I do to help?” 4. A friend loses a job suddenly. Don?t say “ work is always boring. Those employers didn?t suit you!” do say “ I?m sorry for the shock, but I know there?s an even better job waiting out for you. Let?s think about possibilities”. 5. Someone?s pet dies. Don?t say “ gee! It was only a cat! Or my roommate is getting rid of /his her dog. Do you want it? ” Do say “ I?m sorry, she was such a great cat. How long did you have it?” 72. As a whole, what?s the suitable method to comfort your friend troubled with a tragedy? A. to show your sorrow and offer your help. B. To try to make the tragedy less serious C. To tell your friend not to think about it any more D. To do your best to make him/her cheerful again 73. Though your friend is deserted, you?d better not say dirty words about her/hid friend because_____ A. they might get along well again and you might be deserted B. your friend might not like you say something against her/his friend C. it may be a sign that you don?t care your friend D. your friend might hate you in the future 74. Which of the following might be suitable words when your friend?s dog dies? A. don't worry too much. I?ll give you a good one B. I?m sorry t hear that. It was such a good dog C. I?m sorry you lost your dog. But it was at its ripe age. D. You must be sad about it. That ?s enough 75. The underlined part “ have your tongue tied” probably means_____ A. make your tongue tight B. tie your tongue B. have no suitable words to say D. say what you want freely

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第四部分。 篇章结构。 Before going outside in the morning, many of us check a window thermometer( 温度计) for the temperature. This helps us decide what to wear. 76 we want our food to be a certain coldness in the refrigerator( 冰箱 ). We want it a certain hotness in the oven. If we don?t feel well, we use a thermometer to see if we have a fever. We keep our rooms a certain warmth in the winter and a certain coolness in the summer. Not all the thermometers use the same system called the Fahrenheit scale(华氏温度计), but most other countries use the centigrade scale(摄氏温度 计). Both systems use the freezing and boiling points of water as their guide. 77 The most common kind of thermometer is made with mercury (水银) inside a clear glass tube. As mercury ( or any other liquid ) becomes hot, it expands. As it gets colder, it contracts. That is why on got days the mercury line is high in the glass tube. 78 First, take a clear glass juice bottle that has a cap; fill the bottle with colored water. Tap a hole in the center of the cap using a hammer and thick nail. Put the cap on the jar. Then stick a plastic straw through the nail hole. 79 finally, place a white card on the outside of the bottle and behind the straw. Now you can see the water level easily. 80 As the temperature goes down, the water will contract, and the level in the straw will come down. Perhaps you will want to keep a record of the water level in the straw each morning for a week. A. B. C. we use and depend on thermometers to measure the temperature of many other things in our daily lives. Thermometers measure temperature, by using materials that change in some way when they are heated or cooled. Now that you know this rule you can make a thermometer of your own that will work.
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D. E.

The water will rise in the straw. As the temperature of the air goes up, the water will expand and rise even higher. They label these in different ways. On the Fahrenheit scale water freezes at 32 degrees and boils at 212 degrees. On the Celsius(摄氏) scale water freezes at 0 degrees and boils at 100 degrees.

F.

Take wax ( you may use as old candle id you have one) and melt some of it right where the straw is stuck into the cap to seal them together.

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英 语 答 题 卡
unit5-6 Class_____________ Name ________________Marks_________________ 听力。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

16. 19.
笔试
21 36 56 76 22 37 57 77 23 38 58 78 24 39 59 79 25 40 60 80 26 41 61 27 42 62 28 43 63

17. 20.

18

29 44 64

30 45 65

31 46 66

32 47 67

33 48 68

34 49 69

35 50 70 51 71 52 72 53 73 54 74 55 75

第 二 卷
第二节

(共 35 分)

书面表达(满分 25) 假如你是一名高三学生,经常为看电视的事跟妈妈闹意见,今天你跟 妈妈达成一致。请根据以下表格的内容,以 An Argument 为题为《英语广 场》写一篇 100 字左右的英语短文。 母亲 高三学生学习任务重, 看电视 浪费时间 儿子自制力差,看电视会影响 视力 星期中不准我看电视,但在周 末允许我看新闻、文艺、体育 或科普类节目 儿子 学习一天很疲劳,看电视可以放松一下 看电视也可以增长知识,了解国际国内大 事,紧跟时代

注意:1、短文的开头已给出,不记入总词数。
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2、不要表格中的内容,但不要逐翻译。 3、可以适当增添合乎情理的过渡性语言。

An Argument I am a Senior 3 student. I often quarrel with my mother over whether I can watch TV after school. ___________________________________________________________

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高三英语第一次月考参考答案:
1-----5 CBBAA BBBCB 21—25 BCDAC 60-62: BCB DABCA 6----10 BCABA 26---30 BBAAA 11----15 31---35 CACCA BDABD 16---20 36:

41: CDBAB 46: CDABA 63-67 BAABC

51: CDABC

56-59 CDBC

68-71 BCDD 72-75 DCAB 书面表达: I am a Senior 3 student. I often quarrel with my mother over whether I can watch TV after school. My mother holds the view that students in Senior 3, heavily burdened with their studies, are too busy to spare any time to watch TV. It seems to her that once I am allowed to do that I will not be able to control myself and forget all about my study. She also thinks that it is bad for my eyes to watch TV too often. But I really can?t accept her ideas. I think it is relaxing to watch TV after a day?s hard work.. Not only can it set my mind at rest, but it can broaden my horizons. Now we have at last reached an agreement that I can only watch TV at weekends, and the programs should be limited to news and programs of entertainment, sports or science.

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