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定语从句与非谓语动词(


the changing world the changed world boiling water boiled water a developing country

? 变化中的世界

? 变了的世界
? 正在沸腾的水

? 开过的水
? 发展中国家 ? 发达国家 失踪的孩子

/>a developed country
lost child

分词做前置定语 ? We can see the rising sun.正在升起的太阳 ? Look at the sleeping baby. So cute. ? Watch out that a moving lorry 移动的卡车

? Don’t eat too many like fried chicken
legs ? He is a retired worker. 退休的工人

定语从句与分词短语的转换 The conversion of attributive clause and participle phrase

? The boys who are playing tennis are my friends. ? The boys playing tennis are my friends. ? I know the boy who is running in the park. ? I know the boy running in the park.

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

I know a man who works in that factory. I know a man working in that factory. I know a man who is working in that factory. I know a man working in that factory. I know a man who worked in that factory. I know a man working in that factory. The girl who sits beside me is my cousin. The girl sitting beside me is (was) my cousin The girl who is sitting beside me is my cousin. The girl sitting beside me is (was) my cousin The girl who sat beside me was my cousin. The girl sitting beside me is (was) my cousin.

? Conclusion

先行词与现在分词有主动关系,定语从句
转换成现在分词短语做后置定语, 有主动 或进行的意思。

? She bought a computer which was produced in China. ? She bought a computer produced in China. ? He received a letter which was written in English. ? He received a letter written in English.

Conclusion:

先行词与现在分词有被动关系,定语从句
转换成过去分词短语做后置定语, 有被动 或完成的意思。

用定语从句及分词完成下列句子. 1. The man is my brother. He is standing under the tree. _____________________.

The man who is standing under the tree isstanding my brother. The man under the tree

is my brother
2. Do you know the girl? She is talking with the teacher.

Do you know the girl who is talking with the know teacher? Do you the girl talking

with the teacher?

? 不定式作定语,常置于被修饰的名词 或代词之后。 ? He was the last one to leave school yesterday. ? Tom has a lot of work to do.

Choose the best answer
? 1. Yao Ming is a famous basketball star ____ in the NBA. ? A. who playing B. played C. playing ? 2. The boy ______ the prize is called Ray. ? A. won B. wins C. winning ? 3. The girl _____ under the tree is my sister. ? A. reading B. wins C. won ? 4. The town _____ by us years ago is much larger than before. ? A. visits B. visited C. visiting

? 5. The trees ____ then have grown into big ones?
? A. planted B. planting C. are planting

? 6. The E-mail ______ last night gave us much information.
? A. received ? A. spoke B. receiving B. speak B. injured C. receive C. speaking C. injuring ? 7. Have you met the lady _____ at the meeting? ? 8. Tom is the boy ______ in the accident. ? A. got injured


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