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人教版高中英语同步练习:必修3 unit 4 单元测试(含答案)


Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars
(满分:150 分 时间:120 分钟) 第Ⅰ卷

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳

选项。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What is the man's trouble? A.He has too much work. B.He has too many visitors. C.The phone rings too often. Text 1 M: I can't get my work done because of too many phone calls.What should I do? W: Maybe you should not answer these phones. 答案 C

2. What will the speakers do next? A.Send brochures. C.Do some gardening. Text 2 M:Where shall we go today then? W:Shall we try the Botanical Garden recommended in the small book? M:OK. 答案 B B.Go sightseeing.

3. Where does the conversation probably take place? A.At a checkin desk. C.At a post office. Text 3 B.At a bookstore.

M:Would you like to mail your package by special delivery or standard delivery? W: What's the difference? M: By special delivery, it can arrive at the hotel where you're going to stay two days earlier. 答案 C

4. What does the man mean? A.There are too many ads in newspapers. B.Newspapers are doing well at present. C.There are some good ads in newspapers. Text 4 M:Don't you think all of the money goes to the ads and we have nothing to read? W:But newspapers do get some extra income by offering space for ads. M:Extra income? They can get rich by selling advertisements. 答案 A

5. When will the supper be ready? A.At 6:50. Text 5 M:Oh,Lucy,what's the time? W:It's ten to seven. M:I feel hungry now.I think it must be time for supper. W:You have to wait for fifty minutes at least. 答案 C B.At 7:15. C.At 7:40.

第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、 B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个 小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或 独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题。 6.When does the conversation take place? A.In the morning. B.In the afternoon.

C.At night. 7.What does the woman want? A.A new TV. B.A child.

C.A new house. Text 6 W:Honey! What are you doing now? M:I'm watching today's evening news report. W:I want to have a talk with you. M:OK. W:How long have we been married? M:Six years. W:Don't you think it's about time for a family? M:So it is. 答案 6.C 7.B

听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 9 题。 8.Where will the man's sister leaving for? A.Los Angeles. B.New York. C.London. 9.When will the speakers have a meal together? A.Next Wednesday. C.This Saturday. Text 7 W:Will you come round for a meal this Saturday? M: I'd like to, but my sister's coming from New York.We haven't seen each other for a long time.She is only staying for two days,and then she is leaving for Los Angeles. W:Then how about next Wednesday? M:I'll have lessons.How about next Saturday? W:OK.Do as you please. M:Thank you. B.Next Saturday.

答案

8.A

9.B

听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10.What happened when the speakers went to see the movie? A.They lost their tickets. B.They couldn't find their seats. C.They didn't see the beginning. 11.Which of the following does the woman prefer? A.French films. B.British films. C.American films. 12.How long will this film last? A.2 hours. B.2.5 hours. C.1.5 hours. Text 8 W:Oh,it is a pity that we missed the beginning. M:It doesn't matter.Generally,when you see the beginning,you will know the ending.On the contrary,if you've seen the ending,you probably cannot guess the beginning. W:I don't like French films; the endings are always sad.I like happy endings in American films. M:That's right.American films are always exciting. W:How long will this film last? M:It's a long one.It started half an hour ago,and there are still two hours. W:So we don't have time to go shopping. M:I'm afraid. W:OK,maybe next time. M:All right. 答案 10.C 11.C 12.B

听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13.What country is the man planning to go? A.Canada. B.Britain.

C.The US. 14. When will the man set out? A.In May. C.In July. 15. Which of the following is what the man wants to know? A.The flight,the hotel,and the food. B.The flight,the hotel,and the weather. C.The route,the hotel,and the weather. 16. Who will go there with the man? A.His wife and his son. B.His wife and his daughter. C.His son and his friend. Text 9 W:Hello,Blue Skies Travel Agency.Miss Jones is speaking.Can I help you? M:Yes.I'm planning my holiday and I'd like some information about the holidays in New York. W:What would you like to know? M:First,how much is the cheapest flight to New York? And what will the weather be like? W:I see.When do you want to go? M:In May,and I'd also like to know about the price of the hotels. W:Certainly.Just give me your name and email address. M:My name is Jim Adams.My email address is JimAdams@gap.com. W:How many people are there and how many days do you plan to stay? W:My wife,my daughter and I plan to stay a week. W:That's OK.I'll send you all the information you want at once. M:Thank you! 答案 13.C 14.A 15.B 16.B B.In June.

听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Where did the speaker live when she was 4 years old? A.In a town in America.

B.In a city in Argentina. C.In a town in Argentina 18. Where did the speaker buy ice cream? A.At the ice cream truck. B.At the ice cream shop. C.At the ice cream stand. 19. Why did the speaker enjoy this “candies hunt”? A.These candies were very delicious. B.She wanted to win a free ice cream. C.It was an interesting children game to win it. 20. What's the speaker's mood when she was eating ice cream? A.Happy. B.Anxious.

C.Optimistic. Text 10 I tasted my first ice cream in Argentina when I was four years old.I remember when the ice cream truck came to our town, all my friends and I ran to be the first to have an ice cream because the first one always got the largest amount.To be the first and to get the biggest ice cream always made us happy.I remember several funny things about that ice cream truck.First,the ice cream truck music was like music from a cartoon show.Second,the ice cream man shouted “Ice cream! Ice cream! If you buy one,you are going to be happy forever!” So,I always said to my mom, “I want an ice cream because I would like to be happy forever.” Now,whenever we buy ice cream, my mom always reminds me of this.The last funny thing I remember is that if you found candies inside when you were eating an ice cream,you won a free ice cream! All of my friends and I enjoyed this “candies hunt” and always wondered who was going be the lucky person. 答案 17.C 18.A 19.B 20.A

第二部分 英语知识运用 (共两节, 满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 21.The plan ________ just because people were unwilling to cooperate.

A.broke down C.turned down 答案

B.pulled down D.put down

A [考查动词短语。 句意: 由于人们不愿意合作, 这项计划流产了。 break

down 意思为“崩溃;破产”,符合题意。] 22. ________ the government agrees to give extra money, the theatre will have to close. A.In case C.Until 答案 B.Now that D.Unless

D [考查连词。句意:除非政府额外给钱否则剧院不得不关门。根据句

意“除非??否则”,用 unless 合适。] 23.Seeing the bad results of the exams, she was rather sad and felt ________ about her future. A.surprising C.puzzling 答案 B.surprised D.puzzled

D [考查形容词。句意:看着这糟糕的考试成绩,她相当难过,对未来

感到迷惘。surprising“令人吃惊的”;puzzling“令人迷惑的”;puzzled“迷 惑的;迷惘的”;surprised“吃惊的”。feel puzzled about“对??感到迷惑/ 迷惘”。] 24.Jane helped me with my work last week when I asked for leave. ________, I'll invite her to have dinner with me. A.In return C.In time 答案 B.In turn D.In vain

A [考查介词短语。句意:上周当我请简离开时,她帮我做了工作。作

为答谢,我要邀请她与我共进晚餐。根据“帮助??;邀请吃饭”可知“回报 对方”,in return 意思为“作为??的报答”符合题意。] 25.It's ________ for the Shenzhou Ⅶ spaceship that every Chinese feels cheerful and proud. A.so a successful flight C.such successful a flight 答案 B.so successful a flight D.a such successful flight

B [考查 such...that 和 so...that 句型。句意:对于“神七”来说,这是一

次极为成功的飞行,以至于每个中国人都为之高兴和自豪。“so+adj.+a+可

数名词单数”或“such+a+adj.+可数名词单数”。] 26.Water, which seems so simple and common, is ________ makes life possible. A.what 答案 B.that C.which D.how

A [考查表语从句。名词性从句的解题原则是“缺什么补什么”,此处

表语从句“________ makes life possible”中缺少“主语”,同时“主语”不表示 “人”,用 what(表示人时应该选用 who 或者 whom)。所以选 A 项。] 27.Some parts in South China have experienced ________ this year as they did last year. A.twice as much rain B.rain twice as much C.as twice much rain D.twice rain as much 答案 A [考查倍数比较级。句意:在华南的某些地方今年经历着比去年多一

倍多的雨水。 twice 修饰比较级, 应该放在比较级前面, 如果是 as...as...比较级, 倍数应该放在第一个 as 前。] 28.As the busiest woman in Norton, she made ________ her duty to look after all the other people's affairs in that town. A.this B.that C.one D.it 答案 D [考查 it 做形式宾语。此处 make 后面跟形式宾语,真正宾语为不定

式短语 to look after...。] 29.With the words, he ________ a wide mouth jar from his pocket and set it on the table in front of him. A.pulled out C.stuck out 答案 B.checked out D.dropped out

A [考查动词短语。根据语境“表示他从口袋里拿出一个广口瓶”,用

pull out 表示“抽, 从??中抽出来”。 check out“结帐离去, 办妥手续离去”; stick out“坚持,突出,伸出”;drop out“退出,退学”。] 30.My chest ________ when I make a deep breath, doctor. A.harms C.hurts B.wounds D.injures

答案

C

[考查动词。 句意: 医生, 当我深呼吸时, 我胸口疼。 根据“??疼”

可知答案。] 31.Some policemen were sent there to ________ the villagers ________ the trees. A.keep; cutting down C.prevent; to cut up 答案 B.prevent; cutting down D.stop; to cut up

B [考查固定句式。句意:某些警察被派到那里去阻止村民砍伐树木。

prevent...(from)doing sth 意思为“阻止??做某事”。] 32.She ________ down beside me and soon got into sleep. A.lied B.laid C.lay D.lain 答案 C [考查动词。句意:她躺在我旁边很快就睡着了。lie,lay,lain 意思

为“躺”符合题意。] 33.—It's reported that young people are responsible for 60% of the traffic accidents. —Exactly. Young drivers are far more ________ to drive faster than old ones. A.possible C.likely 答案 C B.probable D.perhaps [考查形容词。此处为 sb/sth be likely to do sth。]

34.Our neighbour has ________ ours. A.as a big house as C.the same big house as 答案 B.as big a house as D.a house the same big

B [考查固定句式。句意:我们邻居有着与我们一样大的房子。此处用

as+adj.+名词+as 同级比较句式。] 35.—I'm thinking of tomorrow's test. I'm afraid I can't pass this time. —________!I'm sure you'll make it. A.Go ahead C.No problem 答案 D B.Good luck D.Cheer up

[考查情景交际。后句句意:振作起来!我相信你会成功的。cheer

up“变得高兴;(使)振奋起来”,用来鼓励对方;go ahead 表示允许某人做某 事, 意为“干吧; 用吧; 继续”; good luck 用于祝福某人, 意为“祝你好运”; no problem 用于答应某人某事,意为“没问题”。] 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D 中),选出可 以填入空白处的最佳选项。 Diana Velez does everything with maximum effort—and at maximum speed. That __36__ learning a new language, completing two certificates and opening a store. When arriving in Canada in 2008, she had one __37__: to have what she had back home in Colombia. “I didn't want to __38__ what I do ,like so many who come to a new country .” she said , “I __39__ to open a store here in Canada but knew I had to __40__ myself properly.” Diana quickly realized that making her dream of shop ownership in Canada a __41__ meant going to school to get the __42__ education and certification, “My experience of owning a shop and working as a designer in Colombiagave me __43__ in my abilities but I couldn't speak the language and I had to __44__ how to do things in Canada. It was like having to __45__ all over again ,” said Diana. __46__, she found just the help she needed for her relaunch (重新开张) __47__ continuing education at George Brown College. She began taking __48__ for both the Essential Skills in Fashion Certificate and the Images Consulting Certificate in May 2009. __49__ Diana met with the language barrier, she was always going __50__ while at college. By the end of October 2009, she had completed all certificate requirements. Within two years after her __51__ in Canada, Diana at last achieved her __52__ goal when her new store opened its doors in Toronto's Sheppard Centre. She was on the fasttrack to __53__. Looking back, Diana, a fashion (时装) designer, __54__ her achievements to the goal she set, the education she received from the college, and __55__, the efforts she made. Now Diana is very happy doing what she is doing. 【语篇大意】 本文叙述了 Diana Velez 寻求知识谋求学历的经过。 36.A.requires C.includes 答案 C B.encourages D.advises

[Diana Velez 做任何事情都用最大的努力,用最快的速度。这包括学

习一门新语言, 完成两个学历证书和开一家商店。 require 需要, 要求; encourage 鼓励;include 包括??在内;advise 建议,劝告。由句意可知 C 项正确。]

37.A.goal 答案

B.memory C.choice D.problem

A [2008 年到达加拿大时,她有一个目标:把她所拥有的一切带回哥伦

比亚。goal 目标;memory 记忆;choice 选择;problem 问题。由句意可知 A 项 正确。] 38.A.continue B.choose C.change D.lose 答案 C [她说“我不想像许多来到一个新的国家的人一样改变我做的事”。

continue 继续;choose 选择;change 改变;lose 失去。由句意可知 C 项正确。] 39.A.demanded C.agreed 答案 B B.decided D.hesitated [ 我决定在加拿大这儿开家商店,但我知道我自己得充分准备。

demand 要求;decide 决定;agree 同意,赞成;hesitate 犹豫。由句意可知 B 顼 正确。] 40.A.teach 答案 B.prepare C.enjoy D.persuade

B [??我得充分准备。 teach 教; prepare 准备; enjoy 喜欢, 享受; persuade

说服。由句意可知 B 项正确。] 41.A.reality C.challenge 答案 B.fact D.wonder

A [Diana 很快意识到使她成为加拿大一家店主的梦想成为现实意味着

去上学获得必要的教育与学历证书。reality 现实;fact 事实;challenge 挑战; wonder 奇迹。由句意可知 A 项正确。] 42.A.physical C.primary 答案 B.private D.necessary

D [41 题提到她得去上学获得必要的教育与学历证书。 physical 体力的;

private 私人的;primary 原始的,最初的;necessary 必要的。由句意可知 D 项 正确。] 43.A.pressure C.influence 答案 D B.judgment D.confidence

[我在哥伦比亚拥有一家商店和作设计者的经历给了我在能力方面

的信心。pressure 压力;judgment 判断;influence 影响;confidence 信心。由句 意可知 D 项正确。]

44.A.put away C.learn about 答案 C

B.depend on D.look into

[??我得了解在加拿大怎么做事。put away 把??收好;depend on

依赖,依靠;learn about 了解;look into 调查。由句意可知 C 项正确。] 45.A.advance C.suffer 答案 B.start D.work

B [这好像得从头再开始。advance 前进;start 开始;suffer 受苦;work

工作。由句意可知 B 项正确。] 46.A.Naturally C.Luckily 答案 C B.Gradually D.Clearly

[幸运的是, 她通过在 George Brown 大学继续教育找到了重新开张所

需要的帮助。naturally 自然地;gradually 逐渐地;luckily 幸运地;clearly 清晰 地。由句意可知 C 项正确。] 47.A.through 答案 B.for C.before D.with

A [46 题提到,她通过在 George Brown 大学继续教育??,through 通

过;for 为了;before 在??之前;with 带有,伴随。由句意可知 A 项正确。] 48.A.notes C.chances 答案 B.responsibilities D.courses

D [2009 年 5 月, 她开始上时尚证书基本技巧与形象咨询证书所需要的

课程。note 笔记;responsibility 责任;chance 机会;course 课程。由句意可知 D 项正确。] 49.A.Though 答案 A B.As C.Since D.Once

[虽然 Diana 遇到了语言障碍,但是在上大学时她总是名列前茅。

though 虽然;as 当??的时候,虽然(只用倒装语序);since 既然,自??以来; once 一旦。由句意可知 A 项正确。] 50.A.around 答案 C B.back C.ahead D.out [49 题提到, 她上大学时总是名列前茅。 go ahead 走在前面符合句意。 ] B.arrival D.journey

51.A.adventure C.performance 答案

B [在她到加拿大两年之后, Diana 最后实现了她最初的目标。 adventure

冒险;arrival 到达;performance 表现;journey 旅行。由句意可知 B 项正确。] 52.A.original C.another 答案 B.common D.distant

A [original 最初的;common 常见的;another 另一个;distant 遥远的。

由 51 题中的 Diana 最后实现了她最初的目标可知选 A 项。] 53.A.success C.glory 答案 B.wealth D.happiness

A [她迅速地成功了。success 成功;wealth 财富;glory 荣耀,光荣;

happiness 幸福。由句意可知 A 项正确。] 54.A.adds C.devotes 答案 D B.connects D.owes [回顾过去,Diana,一名时装设计者,把她的成功归功于她在大学

受的教育,最重要的是她的努力。add 增加;connect 连接;devote 致力于;owe 归功于。由句意可知 D 项正确。] 55.A.after all C.at least 答案 B.above all D.at first

B [54 题提到,最重要的是,她把成功归功于她的努力。after all 毕竟;

above all 最重要的是;at least 至少;at first 首先。由句意可知 B 项正确.] 第三部分 阅读理解 (共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A When I applied for my first job,I was thirty years old.The thought of being interviewed for a job was scary but I had to work.Before the interview ,as I sat

in the waiting room,I noticed there were five women ahead of me.All of them were younger and welldressed.I knew I was up against(面临)opponents better qualified by looking at the length of their resumes. Mrs.Martin,the office manager,called me into her office. “What makes you feel you are qualified for this job?”she asked. “I really need this job and there is nothing I cannot do,”I responded.

She asked me a series of questions and the interview was over.As I left her office, I turned around and said, “Mrs Martin, I know I was not qualified like other applicants, but please give me a chance .I learn quickly and can be a very productive member of your team.” I thanked her and went home tired.Oh,well,I thought tomorrow would be another day.That evening as I was getting ready for bed,I received a call from Mrs Martin. “Gina, ”she said, “you were not the most qualified applicant , but you have so much confidence in yourself that we decided to give you a chance to prove youself.” At that moment,I remembered the time my mother pulled all of us into the living room and said, “You are all brilliant in my mind but if you ever fail at something , don't give up.Don't fear failure .It's a way of getting us to try harder.You will succeed ,I promise.” 【语篇大意】 这是一篇记叙文。作者主要叙述了自己求职的感受和求职过 程。 56.According to the first paragraph,Gina was NOT worried about ________. A.her sex C.her age 答案 B.her appearance D.her work experience

A [推理判断题。 从第一段的 When I applied for my first job, I was thirty

years old.以及下面的 All of them were younger and welldressed 和 better qualified 等信息可知作者担心自己的年龄和外表以及工作经验,但是从 five women 可 知求职者都是女性,所以她不担心受到性别歧视。] 57.After the interview, Gina ________. A.was sad about not being fit for the job B.was tired and worried about her future C.was sure that she would be given the chance to work. D.was uncertain about the result of the interview. 答案 D [细节理解题。根据作者对面试人员说的 I know I was not qualified

like other applicants 可知,她对自己是否能被录用并无把握。故 D 正确。根据

她回家后的心理活动 tomorrow would be another day 可知她对万一不能通过面 试是有心理准备的,也体现了她对未来的乐观态度,故 B 不对。] 58.Gina was given the job because ________. A.she needed the job most B.she was the most selfconfident applicant C.she was the most qualified for the job D.she was young and could learn quickly 答案 B [细节理解题。结合倒数第二段的 but you have so much confidence in

yourself that we decided to give you a chance to prove youself. 可知 B 项正确。] 59.What lesson can we learn from the text? A.Being welldressed is important in an interview. B.Success can be achieved after failure. C.Confidence brings you good luck. D.Failure makes you work harder. 答案 C [推理判断题。本文讲述了一个年纪较大且无经验的妇女找工作的故

事。在众多不利的条件下,她因为自信而获得了工作机会。通过这个故事,作 者想告诉我们自信心的重要性。] B MYRTLE BEACH, SC (WMBF) Students at Horry Georgetown Technical College are doing mock(模拟) interviews to get them ready for the real world. They are learning about body language, as well as what to say, when it comes to finding a job. Job trainers said when a person walks through the door for an interview he or she has about seven seconds to make a good first impression. April Garner at Horry Georgetown Technical College said nonverbal skills are essential in getting a job. She said, “Eye contact is very important. Eye contact can convey whether or not you are sincere or honest about a particular answer.” Garner explained what you do with your hands can tell an employer a lot about a person. “Do not cross your arms. Crossing your arms can convey that you are

unapproachable. Twisting of the hair conveys nervousness. ” She said using small gestures is okay, but just don't overdo it. “People talk with their hands and their arms and they are waving them around like they are bringing in airplanes,” commented Garner. Before you even open your mouth an employer can judge on looks alone. So dress for success, give a firm handshake and get to your interview early so you can have time to calm any nerves. Also, a person trying to get a job can try breathing techniques before your interview. This helps a person relax and lower your blood pressure. Garner said people don't realize how controlling your breathing also stops you from blushing or appearing nervous. 60.What's the purpose of the author? A.To be a winner and get a good job in interview. B.To use proper body language while interviewing. C.To learn how to chat with others when in need. D.To learn a college course while in university. 答案 B [推理判断题。根据文章提到的面试时的眼睛、手等方面的身体动作

对于面试的成功至关重要,作者主要告诉我们面试中如何恰当使用体态语,故 答案 B 合适。] 61.Eye contact can give us ________. A.what you think and what you want to do. B.judgement whether the other is honest or not. C.whether the other is kind to you or not. D.what the other really thinks about things. 答案 D [细节推断题。根据文章第五段提到的 She said, “Eye contact is very

important. Eye contact can convey whether or not you are sincere or honest about a particular answer.”可知通过眼睛交流能发现对方内心的真实想法,故答案 D 合 适。] 62.How do we reduce nervousness during interviewing? A.Crossing our arms. B.Twisting of the hair.

C.Giving a firm handshake D.Breathing techniques before your interview. 答案 D [细节理解题。 根据文章倒数三、 四行 Also, a person trying to get a job

can try breathing techniques before your interview.This helps a person relax and lower your blood pressure.可知在面试前深呼吸可以减少紧张情绪,故答案 D 合 适。] 63.What's the best title of the passage? A.Body language is important for chatting. B.Students should learn how to chat with others. C.Nonverbal communication tips for landing a job. D.Companies like to hire those who are brave. 答案 C [ 主旨大意题。根据全文对大学模拟面试突出体态语在沟通中的作

用,可知本文主要是讲如何运用非语言交流在寻找工作中占优势,故答案 C 合 适。] C Every person has a different type of personality and talent. Thus every person is highly skilled in some or the other task. A particular post or a career is well suited for a person of a specific personality. The ancient Greeks classified the temperaments of the people into four principle categories which are Sanguine (多血 质), Choleric (胆汁质), Melancholic (抑郁质), and Phlegmatic (粘液质). These four personalities suit certain types of careers and jobs. Thus it is always advisable to have an ability test and personality test done at once. The personality test will give you a set of careers, which suit your personality. The ability test on the other hand will help you to shorten list of careers that match your skills. Let's have a closer look. Sanguine: The people with Sanguine personality are very social, and tend to maintain good relations and friendships. This personality is such, that the person likes to be with people. These people excel in communication and perform functions in a task oriented manner. Human resources, coaching, teaching, marketing and sales are some of the best careers where a person with Sanguine personality will do extremely well. Choleric: People having a Choleric personality usually have a great capability to

analyze. They are very fond of planning, acquiring knowledge, configuring and inventing. People with this kind of personality must consider career options such as architecture, managers and analysts. Melancholic: The people with Melancholic type of personality are thoughtful, accurate, considerate and artistic. The Melancholic temperament is best suited for careers such as engineering, Mathematics and accounts. The strict discipline of these people and a capability to discipline others makes them really good at mathematical applications. Phlegmatic: The personality Phlegmatic, makes people planned, quiet and task oriented. People with this personality should consider fields such as web designing, programmers, economists and for that matter any place where a person should have a capability to observe well. These personalities are often considered by the people of the human resources department before appointing a person is to a particular post. 【语篇大意】 文章介绍了几种不同的性格特征,而这些性格特征和某些职 业是紧密相连的,只有利用好了这些特征,才能更好的为自己的工作服务。 64.Why are employees advised to take an ability test and personality test? A.To make them realize the power of the company. B.To make them make more money if employed. C.To make them follow the rules before work. D.To find the job or career most suitable for them. 答案 D [细节理解题。第一段第三句的 well suited for a person of a specific

personality 是本题的解题线索。] 65.If a person gets on well with his work as a salesman, he may be with ________. A.Sanguine C.Melancholic 答案 B.Choleric D.Phlegmatic

A [推理判断题。根据多血质的人的性格特征可知这种性格的人比较擅

长与人打交道,所以题干里的 salesman 的工作特征和这种性格接近。] 66.The underlined word “ option” in Para 3 can be replaced by ________. A.test B.chance C.choice D.ability 答案 C [词义猜测题。该单词后的 such as architecture, managers and analysts

说明这是在列举建议的职业,也就是有这几种适合这种性格的选择机会。] 67.The passage is mainly to tell us that ________. A.the four personalities make a person hard to work with. B.the personalities have something to do with careers. C.there are more people taking personality tests. D.your career can't be controlled by your choice. 答案 B [主旨大意题。文章是围绕着几种不同的性格特征和适合这些特征的

一些工作展开。] D What happens when the children leave to start new lives at university? Joanna Moorhead talks to some emptynesters. When Paul, our oldest, left, I remember feeling this terribley sad: it was a physical sadness, almost like walking around with a hangover. It seemed to me like the very opposite of childbirth: that had been about being given someone, my baby, whereas this was a pain, my child being taken away from me. For days the grief was very, very raw; I cried a lot of the time for the first day or two after he left. And that helped a lot, because I needed to feel sad, I needed to grieve for what I was losing. It didn't get any easier when Adam and then Alice went, either; I remember Alice leaving to go InterRailing, and that was really the start of Tom and I having the house to ourselves; and for several days after she'd gone I wandered around in a bit of daze(头晕), I felt so sad. It felt such a shock, to be suddenly disconnected from this person with whom you've been so involved, whom you've looked after for so long. Each time one of them has left, I've tried hard not to cry at the moment of parting, but usually I don't manage it. The children have all been really sweet about it—they do understand, at some level, how hard it is for me. But the thing is that the experience they're having is the complete opposite to the experience I'm having: for them, leaving home is all about excitement and adventure and something new, whereas for me it's all about being worried and anxious and feeling that my life isn't nearly so exciting or interesting now; they're not around in it the whole time. 【语篇大意】 本文是一篇夹叙夹议的记叙文。作者通过 Joanna Moorhead

讲述了留守父母对孩子长大后离开家导致家庭发生变化的感受,对这一社会现 象作了描述和分析。 68.How did Paul feel when he entered university? A.excited and independent. B.sad and unconscious. C.selfconfident and proud. D.both cold and sad. 答案 A [细节理解题。根据文章最后一段第四行 for them, leaving home is all

about excitement and adventure and something new 可知孩子离开家去上大学感到 是自己长大啦,非常高兴,故答案 A 合适。] 69.What can we learn from what Joanna Moorhead did in paragraph 2? A.When children leave home, parents need to cry. B.Parents like Joanna Moorhead felt alone. C.Parents should prevent children leaving home. D.Parents reduced to miss children by crying. 答案 D [推理判断题。根据第二段 And that helped a lot, because I needed to

feel sad, I needed to grieve for what I was losing. 可知当孩子离开家后父母惦记孩 子,通过“哭”来放松自己是必要的,故答案 D 合适。] 70.Which of the following would be the best title for the text? A.Parents cried again and again. B.Children left home for university. C.Parents home alone again D.The missed parents cried home. 答案 C [主旨大意题。全文内容把握孩子一个个离开家,仅有父母在家留守

的感受,文章描述了夫妻——孩子——父母的这种家庭模式,故答案 C 合适。] 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中 有两项为多余选项。 The right pair of exercise shoes can do a lot to prevent discomfort and injuries, personal trainers say.Here are some shopping tips:

__71__ Depending on your workout,shoes designed for walking,running, tennis, crosstraining or another specialty will provide the best support for your feet. Shop when you normally exercise.Feet actually get bigger throughout the day, sometimes swelling up as much as a halfsize by nighttime.__72__ Try them on.Never grab a pair of exercise shoes based only on the size of footwear you normally buy.Bring the type of socks you'd wear to work out and go for a walk through the store. __73__ You should be able to spread your toes out comfortably.Make sure there's about a halfinch of space between them and the front of the shoe.The back should fit snugly (warmly and comfortably) against your heel and not move up and down.If your feet are different sizes,buy based on the larger one. Talk to an expert.Shoe salesmen and personal trainers can study your stride(步伐) and the shape of your feet.__74__ __75__ Many trainers recommend switching footwear every three to five months,if possible,to maintain(保持) proper cushioning and support. One tip:if you have to tie your shoes very tightly to feel a good amount of support,they may be ready to go. A.Think about how much you can afford to buy the workout shoes. B.Consider your type of exercise. C.Focus on fit. D.So don't shop first in the morning if you often work out in the evening. E.Pay more attention to new style shoes. F.Replace worn shoes regularly. G.Usually they can recommend the best shoes to guard against injuries. 答案 71.B 72.D 73.C 74.G 75.F 第Ⅱ卷 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下 作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增 加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 My aunt lives in a village far from my town.Last year she came to visiting us and brought me a little dog for a birthday present.It was a little black dog with white spots.It was a so too lovely that I like it at once.Every day after school I played with the dog but it gave me much pleasure.I was gladly to have it with me.One day the dog went out and never came back again.All my families were out searching for it but it was nowhere to be found.What I worried about it all those days.A week late a letter came from my aunt,saying that the little dog has returned. 答案 My aunt lives in a village far from my town.Last year she came to visiting us and visit brought me a little dog for a birthday present.It was a little black dog with white as spots.It was so lovely that I like it at once.Every day after school I played liked

with the dog but it gave me much pleasure.I was gladly to have it with me.One and glad day the dog went out and never came back again.All my families were out family searching for it but it was nowhere to be found. What I worried about it all those How days.A week late a letter came from my aunt,saying that the little dog has later had returned. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假若你是某高中学生李华,进入高中后, 你觉得学英语的方式与初中有很 大的不同。你给自己的英语老师写了一封信,讲述自己的英语学习情况。信的 开头和结尾已写好,不计入总词数。 1.开始学习高中英语时,觉得英语比以前要难得多,几乎丧失信心; 2.后来逐渐意识到英语的重要性;

3.每天努力学习英语,例如多读书,多背诵等; 4.向老师和同学请教更好的学习英语的方法; 5.正是他们的帮助和您的鼓励使我提高了英语水平,现在对英语越来越感 兴趣。 1.词数:100 左右; 2.参考词汇:①高中英语:senior English;②丧失信心:lose heart;③意 识到:realize;④背诵:recite; Dear Mr. Li, I'm glad to tell you that I have made great progress in my English study since I became a senior high student. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ Thank you so much for your great help. Wish you all the best. Yours, Li Hua 【参考范文】 Dear_Mr._Li, I'm_glad_to_tell_you_that_I_have_made_great_progress_in_my_English_study _since_I_became_a_senior_high_student. When I started senior English in the beginning, I found it much more difficult than ever before and I almost lost heart. Later, I gradually realized the importance of English, so I worked hard every day, such as reading and reciting as often as possible. I also asked my teachers and classmates for better ways of learning English. It is their help and your encouragement that help me improve my English. And now I'm getting more and more interested in it. Thank_you_so_much_for_your_great_help. Wish_you_all_the_best. Yours, Li_Hua ⑤鼓励:encouragement。


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