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牛津高中英语模块三


晨背佳作·日积月累

Unit 3

Unit 3
类型: 预约信 话题: 学习困难求助 典例展示 Dear Sir/Madam,

Back to the past

晨背佳作〃日积月累

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I’ m Li Hua,a Chi

nese student taking summer courses in your university.1 I’ m writing to ask for help.I came here last month and found my courses interesting.But I have some

晨背佳作·日积月累

Unit 3

difficulty with notetaking and I have no idea of how to use the library.2I was told the Learning Center provides help for students and I’m anxious to get help from you.I have no class on Tuesday mornings and Friday afternoons.Please let me know which day is OK with you.You may email or phone me.Here are my email address and phone number : lihua@1236.com;12345678. Look forward to your reply. Yours, Li Hua (2011· 新课标全国)

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晨背佳作·日积月累

Unit 3

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佳句变式 范文中的划线句子可改为如下句式: 1.I’m Li Hua,a Chinese student who is taking summer courses in your university. 2.I have no idea of how I can make full use of the library.

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

基础梳理〃授之以渔
Ⅰ .词汇与派生 A 联想记忆法 1 . decorate vt. 装饰,装潢→decorate ... with ... 用??装 饰?? 2. researcher n. 研究者, 调查者→ do research in/on/into ... 研究?? 3. powerful adj.强有力的→ beyond one’s power 超出某 人的权力 4.fortunate adj.幸运的→ make one’ s fortune 发财

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基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

5. aware adj.意识到的; 知道的, 察觉到的→ be aware of 意 识到 6.basis n.基础;基准;原因→ be based on 以??为基础 7.judge n.法官,审判员;裁判员→judging 据??判断 8. trial n.审讯,审理;试验;考验→ on trial 在审判 9. ahead adv.(时间、 空间 )在前面; 提前, 预先; 领先→ ahead

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from/by 根

of time 提前
10. declare vt.宣布,宣称→declare

against 表态反对

基础梳理·授之以渔
B 构词记忆法

Unit 3

1. civilization n.文明→ civilized

adj.文明的;开化的 adj.逐渐的

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2. wealthy adj.富有的,富裕的→ wealth n.财富 3. gradually adv.渐渐地,逐渐地→ gradual 4. cultural adj.文化的→ culture n.文化 5.remains n.遗物,遗迹,遗骸→ remain v.仍然;留下 6. expression n.表达;表情,神色→ express 表示 7. educate vt.教育→ education n.教育 8.poison n.毒药,毒物;vt.毒害,下毒→ poisonous adj. 有毒的 v.表达;

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

C 语境助记法 The sailor Tom made a fortune by dealing in wood and leather.Five years ago, he complained about his low salary and resigned his job.After many trials and researches, he gradually found the way to make money.Recently he declared he would donate the majority of his wealth to the society.He is the glory to his family.

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基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

学情自测 用括号中所给词的适当形式填空 1. He gave an expressive (express) shudder( 战栗 ) when asked to hold the snake. 2. What shall we do for the remaining (remain) half hour? 3. You have to accept his judgment (judge) on the matter. 4. Fortunately (fortune), he was able to play. 5. Recent events are a gun control.

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powerful (power) argument for

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

6. The country enjoys a rich and diverse life. 7 . Interpreters should be highly well as fluent. 8. Dad was putting up the Christmas (decorate). 9. Were you

cultural (culture)

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educated (educate) as
decorations

aware (aware) that something was wrong? 10.They have discovered human remains (remain).

基础梳理·授之以渔
Ⅱ .短语与拓展 1. take over 夺取;接管 take on 呈现 2. in memory of 纪念 in favour of 支持 3. no doubt 无疑,确实 beyond doubt 毫无疑问 4. come down with 患 (病 ) come true 实现 5. take ... as an example 以??为例 take ... for example 以??为例 6. be of value 有价值的 be good value for 钱花得值

Unit 3

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基础梳理·授之以渔
学情自测 选词填空

Unit 3

no doubt, come down with, take over, in memory of, (be) of value 1.I think I’m

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coming down with flu.

2.Thieves have taken a radio and a Walkman, but nothing

of

great value .

3.Can you take over the cooking while I walk the dog? 4. He wrote a poem in memory of those who died in Sichuan Earthquake. 5. No doubt he’ll tell me everything when he’s ready.

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

Ⅲ .经典课文原句 1.Many people were buried alive, and so was the city (城 市也被掩埋). 2. Today I saw the ancient Roman city of Pompeii as it was 2,000 years ago (跟两千年前一模一样). 3. People started to dig in the area for treasure, which

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caused much damage

(这造成了很大破坏).

4 . ... , their bodies nearly completely broke down and disappeared,leaving empty spaces in the ash (只留下火 山灰里的人形空当).

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

5. It’s hard to imagine (很难想像 )how this peaceful volcano destroyed the whole city! 6. It is believed to have been gradually covered over 400. 7. To understand how this can be true (为了理解这一点的 正确性 ), we must understand how Socrates taught. (据

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认为,它已被逐渐掩埋)by sandstorms from AD 200 to AD

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

8.

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It was unfortunate

(不幸的是)that he too died in the

disaster. 9. I visited these last three places when I was travelling in

China last summer ( 当 我去年 夏天在 中国旅游 的时
候 ). 10.

Visiting a place like this

(参观一个像这样的地方)is

always very interesting.

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

Ⅳ.教材与高考 (教材原句)Many people were buried alive, and so was the city. (2008· 辽宁,35)Bill wasn’t happy about the delay of the report by Jason, and A.I was neither C.I was either . B.neither was I D.either was I

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命题思路 答案选 B 项。考查倒装结构。表示某人也如此, 有两种说法:前面是肯定的用 so... ;表示否定的话则用 neither.../nor...。

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

变式训练 —

—I would never come to this restaurant . B.Neither would I D.So do I

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again.The food is terrible!

B

A.Nor am I C.Same with me
解析

表示前边的否定情况也适用于后者时,常用

neither/nor+助动词/be 动词/情态动词+主语。

基础梳理·授之以渔

Unit 3

Ⅴ .单元语法自测 ——主谓一致 选词填空 1. Every new product containers. 3. One of my sisters lives (lives/live) in Australia. 4. There was (was/were) an explosion at the factory. 5. The number of violent crimes has (has/have) gone up dramatically.

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has (has/have) to be advertised. 2. Huge amounts of cocaine were (was/were) found in the

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

高频考点〃深度探究
重点单词 1.destroy v.to damage sth. so badly that it no longer exists, works, etc.摧毁;毁灭 destroy one’s health 有害健康 cause/do damage to 对??造成破坏 destroy one’s career/hopes 毁灭某人的事业 /毁掉希望

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1)Now there are so many wolves that they are destroying their own food supply. 物供应。 (2)All hopes of a peaceful settlement were destroyed by his speech. 和平解决的希望都被他的讲话给毁了。 (3)Failure was slowly destroying him. 失败渐渐地把他毁了。 (2010· 江苏,阅读 B) 当今狼的数量如此众多以致于他们在日渐毁灭自己的食

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高频考点·深度探究
易混辨析 destroy, damage, ruin, harm 一试身手 (1)The bridge was 名师指津 (1)destroy 表示毁灭性的

Unit 3

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destroyed by the flood. 破坏,多指无法修复。
(2)The strong sandstorm (2)damage 指不同程度的

damaged most of the 损害、毁坏;作名词时,
young trees. (3)Fruit juice may do 表示“ 损害”。 (3)ruin 毁坏,损坏,指 坏。 (4)harm 损害,多指对肉 体、精神方面的伤害。

harm
teeth.

to children’ s 经过长时间的侵蚀而毁

(4)The bad weather

ruined our trip.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

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2.ruin v. to damage sth. so badly that it loses all its value, pleasure, etc.毁坏;破坏; n.the state or process of being destroyed or severely damaged 毁坏;破产;废墟 in ruins 毁坏了的;成为废墟的 fall/come into ruin 逐渐破碎 bring...to ruin 使??失败;使?? 毁坏

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

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(1)There lay my house, reduced to waisthigh ruins, smelly and dirty. 我的房子矗立在那里,已沦为又臭又脏半腰高的废墟了。 (2)Heavy smoking

ruined his health . 过度吸烟损害了他的健康。
古罗马的遗迹被挖掘出来了。

(3)The ruins of ancient Rome were dug out.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

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3.complain v.to say that you are annoyed, unhappy or not satisfied about sb./sth.抱怨;发牢骚 complain to sb. about/of...就??向某人抱怨 complain of 诉说(病情或痛苦) make a complaint about...就??提出投诉 complaint n.抱怨,埋怨;投诉

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1)Interestingly,80

percent

of

people

who feel

their

complaints are handled fairly will stay loyal. (2011· 浙江,阅读 C) 有趣的是,80%的人认为如果他们的诉求得到公正处理的 话,他们会继续忠实于该公司(继续接受该公司的服务 )。 (2)I’ m going to complain to the manager about 我要就这件事向经理投诉。 (3)We received a number of complaints from customers about the lack of parking facilities. 我们收到了来自顾客的许多投诉,抱怨缺乏停车设施。 this.

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

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4.declare v.to say sth. officially or publicly 公布;宣布; 宣告 declare...to be...宣布??为?? declare war on...向??宣战 declare for/against 表示赞成 /反对

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1)My aunt even goes so far as to declare that a Chinese “ equivalent” can never give you the exact meaning of a word in English! 你明白那个英语单词的确切含义。 (2)His actions declared him to be an honest man. 他的行为表明他是个诚实的人。 (3)He declared that he was innocent. 他声称自己是无罪的。 (2010· 辽宁,完形 ) 姑姑甚至声称,汉语对某个英语单词的释义从来不会让

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

5. ahead adv. further forward in space or time; in front 向 前面; 在前面; earlier 提前; 预先; 提早; winning; further advanced 占优势;领先 ahead of 在??前面;比??早;超过;领先 ahead of time 提前

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go ahead 前进;着手;进行; (让路等)您先请;(电话
等 ) 您先说; ( 对别人请求的许可 ) 行,去做吧,开始 吧,??吧

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1)—I probably shouldn’t have any more cake. —Oh,go ahead. It won’ t kill you. ——我或许不应该再吃蛋糕了。 ——噢,吃吧。吃点儿蛋糕对你来说算不了什么。 (2)He is always well ahead of the rest of the class. 他在班上总是遥遥领先。 (3)Ahead of us lies a river. 我们前面有一条河。 (2011· 辽宁,35)

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

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6. aware adj. knowing or realizing sth.意识到的;知道的 be/become aware of 知道;明白;意识到 be made aware of sth.使知道某事,使清楚某事 as far as I’ m aware 就我所知

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1)Older women are much more aware of celebrities. (2010· 湖北, 阅读 C) 年长的妇女更了解名人。 (2)I don’t think people much it costs. 我认为人们并不真正明白这要花多少钱。 (3)He was well aware of the problem. 他很清楚这个问题。

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are really aware of

just how

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

写作句组 ——满分作文之佳句 a. In conclusion, people around the world should be aware of the real situation of water shortage. (2010· 福建 ) (2010· 湖南 ) c. At the same time,I realized that being a grownup not only means this, but also more responsibilities. (2010· 四川 ) b. At once, I was aware that it was a portrait of me.

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

7. judge n. a person in a court who has the authority to decide how criminals should be punished or to make legal decisions 法官; v.to form an opinion about sb./sth. based on the information you have 判断;断定;评判 judge sb./sth. (to be)...判断某人 (事 )?? judging from/by...根据?? 判断 as far as I can judge 据我判断,我认为 in one’ s judgment 依某人看来

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1)He was judged unfit to return to sea and took a shore job in Glasgow for the rest of the war. 哥的岸边找了份工作。 (2) Judging by/from the look on his face, the news must have been terrible. 从他脸上的表情判断,这条消息肯定很糟糕。 (3)Don’ t judge a book by its cover. 不要以貌取人。 (2011· 湖南,阅读 B) 他被认为不适宜再回到海上,因此在战争后期他在哥拉斯

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

对点自测 Ⅰ .语境填词 destroy,ruin,complain,declare,ahead,aware,judge 1. Whenever I have an appointment,I like to arrive a little

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ahead of time.
2. Everyone present at the meeting should be made aware of the risks involved. 3. I’ d like to make a complaint about the noise.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

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4.When they asked him for his opinion, he strongly against the policy. 5.They have destroyed all the evidence.

declared

6.Years of fighting has left Iraq ruined . 7.In my judgment , all of them are to blame.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

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Ⅱ.单项填空 1.She left early, A.complained C.to complain

B

of a headache. B.complaining D.having complained

解析 句意为:她说自己头疼,很早就离开了。complaining 作伴随状语。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

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2.

D

the number of cars, he thought, there were not B.Judged from D.Judging from

many people at the club. A.He judged by C.Judge by

解析 考查固定短语 judging from/by...根据??判断。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

3. The moment the 29th Olympic Games whole world cheered. A. declared B. have been declared C. have declared D. were declared

D

open, the

(2012· 宣城模拟)

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解析

the moment 引导的时间状语从句,主语 the 29th

Olympic Games 与谓语是被动关系,所以首先可排除 A、C 两项。而 B 项是现在完成时,不符合题干的时态要求。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

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4.The young husband left her, hopes. A.destroyed C.destroying
往出乎意料。

C

her life and all her

B.to destroy D.to damage

解析 考查现在分词作结果状语,动词不定式表示的结果往

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

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5.His broken leg means the becoming a famous athlete. A.miss C.loss B.ruin

B

of all his hopes of

D.death

解析 句意为:他的腿断了意味着他想成为一名著名的运动 员的所有希望破灭了。ruin 破灭,毁灭,符合题意。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

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6.She slipped away without his being A.possible C.casual
识到,符合题意。

B

of it.

B.aware D.visual

解析 句意为:她悄悄离开,没有让他发觉。(be) aware of 意

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

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7 . Plan your shopping A.in front of C.ahead of

C

time.Avoid lastminute

rushes to the grocery store when you are hungry. B.out of D.apart from

解析 ahead of time 提前;第一句句意为:提前计划购物。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

短语与句式 1. take over 接管;接任 take to 喜欢上;适应;养成??的习惯 take in 吸收;接纳;欺骗 take on 呈现;雇用 take off(飞机 )起飞;突然开始成功;开始走红;脱 (衣服 等 );休假

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1)They are all different,but once you take off the outside, they’ re pretty much the same on the inside. (2009· 陕西,完形 ) 它们都是不一样的,但是一旦你脱去它们的外层,它们的 内在是完全一样的。 (2)He has

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taken to going to the gym after work. 他养成了下班后去健身的习惯。
我们被他天真无邪、小男孩似的外表蒙骗了。

(3)We were taken in by his innocent,boyish looks.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

2. in memory of 纪念;追念 have a good/poor memory for...对?? 记忆力好 /差 in favor of 支持,赞同;对某人有利 in face of 面临;面对 in honour of 为纪念??;祝贺??;为了向??表 示敬意 in case of 万一,以免

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1)When

asked

about

their

opinions

about

the

schoolmaster,many teachers would prefer to see him step aside in favor of younger men. 位给年轻人。 (2)He wrote a poem liberation of China. 他写了一首诗以纪念在四川地震中死去的人们。 (3)She has a good memory for 她对日期有很好的记忆力。 dates. (2011· 湖北, 30) 当被问及他们对校长的意见时, 许多老师都希望看到他让

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in memory of

those who died for the

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

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in need of需要/in 思考题: 其他“介词+名词+of”的短语: place of代替/in charge of负责/in search of寻找

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

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3. rise up against 起义,反抗

rise vi.上升,升起;站起,增加;上涨;n.上升,加
薪 rise to one’ s feet 站起来 give rise to 使发生

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1)There was a sudden rise in the water and the calf was washed over the mother’ s body and was gone. (2009· 全国Ⅰ,阅读 A) 水位突然上升,小象从它母亲的身上被冲走了。 (2)With great effort, he rose to his feet . 他费了好大的劲才站了起来。 (3)The number of students in this school rises by 5% every year. 这所学校学生数每年增长 5%。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

4 . We are in Italy now , and tomorrow we are visiting Pompeii.我们现在在意大利,明天将游览庞贝。 句式提取: ...we are visiting... 该句为“现在进行时表将来 ”,意为“我们将参 观??”。 现在进行时的其他用法: (1)go,come,stay,leave,do,take, have 等动词的 现在进行时可用来表示按计划或安排将要做某事,特别 是在口语中。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(2)事物作主语时, 多用一般现在时表示按计划安排的活动; 人作主语时,多用现在进行时表示计划要做的事。 (3)现在进行时常与 always,forever,constantly 等副词连 用,带有厌恶、赞扬等感情色彩。 (1)The train leaves at 10 p.m.. 火车晚上 10 点开。 (2)You’re always sculpture classes. 你总是跟别人讲起你那精彩的雕塑课。

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telling

people about your exciting

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

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5. When asked how a statue from distant Greece could have appeared in China, researchers explained that no doubt this was a result of Alexander the Great’ s influence.当被 问及来自遥远希腊的塑像怎么会出现在中国时, 研究人员 解释说,这无疑是亚历山大大帝的影响所致。 句式提取:状语从句的省略

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1)本句是主从复合句,其中 when asked how...是一个时间状语 从句,其完整形式为 when they were asked how...,这里 how 引导宾语从句。主句中 explained 后接一个由 that 引导的宾语 从句。 (2)英语中, 有些表示条件(if/unless)、 时间(when/as/while/once)、 方式或让步(as if/though)等的状语从句, 如果谓语含有动词 be, 且主语又和主句中的主语一致,或者主语是 it,常把状语从句 中的主语和谓语的一部分(特别是动词 be)省略。 (3)一定要注意从句的主语和主句的主语是否一致。如果不一 致,则不能省略。分词作状语必须和句子的主语含有逻辑上的 主谓关系或动宾关系。如果是主谓关系用现在分词,若是动宾 关系则用过去分词。

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高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

(1)The experiment shows that proper amounts of exercise,if carried out regularly, can improve our health. (2010· 浙江, 8) 实验表明如果有规律地进行适量的运动 (锻炼 ),会增进我 们的健康。 (2) Unless repaired , the machine is of no use. 这台机器如不修理便毫无用处。 (3)Some flowers shut up at night as if (they were) to sleep. 有些花夜间收拢,好像为了睡眠一样。

本 课 栏 目 开 关

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

对点自测 Ⅰ .选词填空 take off, in memory of, rise to one’ s feet 1. The wornout father gathered all his strength and rose to

本 课 栏 目 开 关

his feet .
2.His mother was seriously ill,so he had to

take

a day

off .
3. It is said that the famous businessman founded the charity

in memory of

his wife.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

本 课 栏 目 开 关

Ⅱ.完成句子 1.他说英语时常犯错误。 He often makes mistakes 2.我很快就要去旅行了。

when speaking

English.

I’m going

on a trip soon.

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

Ⅲ .单项填空 1. Although she believed that she had a good chance of recovering, the doctor said that few, A. if any C. if not B. if so D. if ever

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A

, could

come back to normal after getting this disease.

解析 句意为:医生说,如果有的话,也很少能恢复到正常。 if any 相当于 if there were any。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

2. —What are you going to do this afternoon? —I am going to the cinema with some friends.The film quite early, so we A.finished; are going C.finishes; are going

本 课 栏 目 开 关

C

to the bookstore after that. (2012· 南通月考 ) B.finished;go D.finishes;go

解析 第一空电影放映的时间是确定的,英语中对于事先安 排好的事,且主语为物时可以使用一般现在时表示将来;第 二空主语为人可以用进行时表将来。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

本 课 栏 目 开 关

3. It was at this point that her acting career really A.took up C.took in B.took off D.took down

B

.

解析 句意为:正是在这一点上,她的演艺事业开始腾飞。 take off 突然开始成功,符合句意。

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

本 课 栏 目 开 关

4. In summer, the temperature sometimes 39℃ . A. rises C. raising
状语。

A

as high as

B. rising D.raises

解析 温度上升到多少度应用 rise;as high as 39 ℃在句中作

高频考点·深度探究

Unit 3

5 . Many Chinese universities provide scholarships for students C.in face of

本 课 栏 目 开 关

D

financial aid. B.in honour of D.in need of

A.in favor of

解析 句意为:很多中国大学为需要经济资助的大学生提供 奖学金。in favor of 赞同,支持;有利于;in honour of 向?? 表示敬意;in face of 面临;in need of 需要。

写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 3

写作提升〃步步为赢
讨论或辩论 一、篇章结构 1.开头: 提出问题或引出讨论或辩论的主题。 Recently we have had a discussion/debate on/about (whether). ..最近我们就??进行了讨论。 2.主体: 陈述不同观点及其理由。 表示赞同: (1)be for (3)be for the idea (5)approve of (2)favour the idea (4)be in favour of (6)agree with

本 课 栏 目 开 关

写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 3

表示反对: (1)don’ t agree with (3)disagree 表述理由: (1)because (3)they say (5)for the reason that 3.结尾:表明个人观点。 (1)Personally (3)In my opinion (2)As for me (2)for (4)saying that (2)be against the idea

本 课 栏 目 开 关

写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 3

二、套语背诵 1.开头:提出问题或引出讨论或辩论的主题。 We had a discussion about whether it is the only way out for senior students to go to college. 我们就上大学是否是高中生的唯一出路进行了讨论。 Recently our class have held a discussion on how to carry out the Citizens Basic Moral Standards and become a successful young man. 最近我班就如何实施公民基本道德规范和做一个有为青 年进行了讨论。

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写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 3

Recently, in our class there has been a heated discussion about whether the Beijing Zoo should be moved out of the city. 最近我班就北京动物园是否应迁出市区进行了讨论。 I’ m writing to tell you about a recent discussion our class have had on whether or not university students should be financially independent. 我写信是要告诉你,最近我班就大学生是否应该经济独立进 行讨论的情况。

本 课 栏 目 开 关

注意 有时还会用 Opinions are divided on the question. 之类 的过渡句,然后再引出不同观点。

写作提升·步步为赢
2.表示赞同及理由。

Unit 3

Some of my classmates are in favour of the move.They say large crowds of tourists to the zoo will result in traffic jams.They also say... 有的同学赞同迁出。他们认为参观动物园的旅客太多会 造成交通拥挤。他们还认为?? The majority of the students hold the opinion that punishing the passengers helps to reduce traffic accidents and increase traffic safety. 大多数学生持这种观点: 惩罚(乘坐醉酒驾车的)乘客有助 于减少交通事故和提高交通安全。

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写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 3

3.表示反对及理由。 由正及反常用 however, on the other hand 等过渡词语。 4.表示赞成或反对人数的比例。 60% of the students are against the idea of...They believe... 百分之六十的学生反对??的想法,他们认为?? Nearly 70% of us disagree since..., so that they won’ t form the good habit of studying. 近百分之七十的人不同意,因为??因此他们不能养成 良好的学习习惯。

本 课 栏 目 开 关

写作提升·步步为赢
5.结尾:表明个人观点。

Unit 3

From what has been discussed above, we can receive a better education at college so that we can serve our motherland better. 从上面的讨论看,我们都能接受良好的教育,以便更好 地报效祖国。 Personally, I prefer to work in a team, which offers me a chance to learn how to get along with others and to share my experience with them. 就我个人而言,我更愿意在一个团队里工作,在这里能 给我提供与其他人相处和与他们分享我的经验的机会。

本 课 栏 目 开 关

写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 3

三、范文欣赏: 禁止乞丐在地下人行道行乞留宿 Recently,Guangzhou passed a law to ban beggars from begging and sleeping in the subways and our class had a discussion about it last Monday. 56% of the students don’ t agree with the idea because they think some beggars really have difficulty in making a living and have to play music in the subway to survive.

本 课 栏 目 开 关

写作提升·步步为赢

Unit 3

However,44% of the students favour the idea because they think beggars bring a lot of trouble for the city.What ’ s more, some beggars are just taking advantage of people’s compassion to make easy money. Personally, I think it is a good idea to forbid beggars from begging and sleeping in public places and we should take some measures to help them.

本 课 栏 目 开 关

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 3

语篇图解〃答题策略
完形专项提升(五) 固定搭配类完形阅读法 (2011· 北京 ) I used to hate being called upon in class mainly because I didn’ t like attention drawn to myself.And 36 otherwise assigned(指定) a seat by the teacher,I always 37 to sit at the back of the classroom.
36.A.as B.until C.unless D.though 解析 除非老师指定我坐在哪个座位上,否则的话我总是选 择坐在教室的后面。as 由于;until 直到;unless 除非;though 虽然。从下文“我总是坐到教室后面”可知,这里表示“除 非老师指定”。 答案 C 37.A.hoped B.agreed C.meant D.chose
解析 我总是选择坐到教室后面。结合上句可知,这里表示 自己选择座位。

本 课 栏 目 开 关

答案 D

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 3

All this 38 after I joined a sports team.It began when a teacher suggested I try out for the basketball team.At first I thought it was a crazy 39 because I didn’t have a goodsense of balance,
38.A.continued B.changed C.settled D.started
解析 在我加入体育队以后,所有这一切都改变了。从下文 的具体事例可知,这里讲述我的变化。continue 继续;change 改变;settle 解决;start 开始。 答案 B 39.A.idea B.plan C.belief D.saying 解析 开始时,我认为这是一个疯狂的想法,因为我没有好 的平衡感。根据上文可知作者认为老师建议其加入篮球队是 一个疯狂的想法。idea 想法;plan 计划;belief 信念;saying 俗语,格言。 答案 A

本 课 栏 目 开 关

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 3

nor did I have the 40 to keep pace with the others on the team and they would tease me.But for the teacher who kept insisting on my “ 41 for it”, I wouldn’ t have decided to give it a try.
40.A.right B.chance C.ability D.patience 解析 我也没有能力在球队中跟上其他队员。根据语境可知 这里是作者承接上句表述自己的缺点。right 权利;chance 机 会;ability 能力;patience 耐心。 答案 C 41.A.going B.looking C.cheering D.applying

本 课 栏 目 开 关

解析 要不是老师坚持让我争取的话, 我是不会决定尝试的。 此处考查动词搭配,go for 努力争取;look for 寻找;cheer for 为??喝彩;apply for 申请。由上下文句意可知 A 项符合语 境。 答案 A

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 3

Getting up the courage to go to the tryouts was only the 42 of it!When I first started 43 the practice sessions,
42.A.point B.half C.rest D.basis

本 课 栏 目 开 关

解析 鼓起勇气参加选拔还仅仅是其中的一部分。从下文可 知作者在这里暗示他还碰到了其他困难。
答案 B

43.A.enjoying

B. preparing C. attending D. watching

解析 当我刚开始参加训练课时??从下文可知作者在讲述 其在训练过程中碰到的困难。 enjoy 享受; prepare 准备; attend 参加,出席;watch 观看。
答案 C

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 3

本 课 栏 目 开 关

I didn’t even know the rules of the game,much 44 what I was doing.Sometimes I’d get 45 and take a shot at the wrong direction—which made me feel really stupid. 44.A.less B.later C.worse D.further
解析 我甚至连比赛规则都不知道, 更不必说我做的事情了。 much less 更不必说,为固定搭配。
答案 A 45.A.committed

B.motivated D.confused

C.embarrassed

解析 有时,我糊涂了,投球的方向都错了,这让我感到非 常愚蠢。 committed 尽心尽力的; motivated 激发的; embarrassed 尴尬的;confused 迷惑的,糊涂的。
答案 D

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 3

46 ,I wasn’t the only one “new” at the game,so I decided to 47 on learning the game , do my best at eachpractice session,
46.A.Interestingly C.Obviously B.Fortunately D.Hopefully

本 课 栏 目 开 关

解析 幸运的是,我不是比赛中唯一的“新手”??从下文 “ ,I wasn’t the only one “new” at the game...” 可知,作者在此感到庆幸。interestingly 有趣的是;fortunately 幸运的是;obviously 显而易见地;hopefully 有希望地。
答案 B 47.A.focus

B.act

C.rely

D.try

解析 因此我决定集中精力学习打球,尽全力学好每一节训 练课。根据“...do my best at each practice session... ”可知,作 者决定集中精力打球。focus on 集中注意力;act on 生效,起 作用;rely on 依靠;try on 试穿。
答案 A

语篇图解·答题策略
and not be too hard on myself for the things I didn’ t

Unit 3

48 “ just

yet”. I practiced and practiced.Soon I knew the 49 and the “ moves” . Being part of a team was fun and motivating. 本
48.A.want B.do C.support D.know

课 栏 目 开 关

解析 也不为“暂时”不知道的东西对自己要求过高。根据 句意可知,这里表现出作者“量力而为”的态度。
答案 D 49.A.steps

B.orders

C.rules

D.games

解析 我练了又练。很快我就知道了其规则和动作要领。从 上 文 第 三 段 中 “...I didn’t even know the rules of the game...”可知, 经过训练, 作者终于知道了规则和动作要领。 故选 rules。
答案 C

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 3

本 课 栏 目 开 关

Very soon the competitive 50 in me was winning over my lack of confidence.With time,I learned how to play and made friends in the 51 —friends who respected my efforts to work hard and be a team player.I never had so much fun!
50.A.role B.part C.mind D.value

解析 不久我心中争强好胜的一面胜过了我缺乏信心的部 分。role 角色;part 部分;mind 心思;value 价值。

答案

B
B.operation C.movement D.situation

51.A.process

解析 随着时间的推移,我学会了打球并在这期间交了很 多朋友。 process 进程, 过程; operation 手术; 操作; movement 运动;situation 形势。由上下文句意可知 process 符合语境。

答案

A

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 3

本 课 栏 目 开 关

52.A.expressed B.improved C.preserved D.recognized 解析 随着我自信心的增强,老师和同学们的赞扬也越来越 多。从上文可知,作者的自信心从无到有,因此用 improved 提高的,改善的。 expressed 表达的; preserved 保护的; recognized 认清的,认出的。

With my 52 selfconfidence comes more praise from teachers and classmates.I have gone from “ 53 ”in the back of the classroom

答案

B
B.playing C.relaxing D.hiding

53.A.dreaming

解析 我从原来“躲藏”在教室后面,不想让他人注意到自 己变为有时对自己的答案甚至不能百分之百有把握时就举 手。根据文章开头作者讲述自己的情景“...I always chose to sit at the back of the classroom.”可知,作者现在自信心大大 增强。dream 做梦;play 玩耍;relax 放松; hide 躲藏。

答案

D

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 3

and not wanting to call attention to myself, 54 raising my hand—even when I sometimes wasn’t 100 percent myself. 55 I had the right answer.Now I have more selfconfidence in

本 课 栏 目 开 关

54.A.by
答案
55.A.lucky

B.for

C.with

D.to

解析 此处为 from...to...结构。

D
B.happy C.sure D.satisfied

解析 lucky 幸运的;happy 幸福的;sure 有把握的;satisfied 满意的。根据句意可知,sure 符合语境。

答案

C

语篇图解·答题策略
应试策略 善总结,找规律,牢记固定搭配

Unit 3

本 课 栏 目 开 关

英语中的固定搭配种类繁多,如固定短语、习语、惯用 法、固定句式等。考生需要熟练掌握《考试说明》中所列举 的短语、习语的本义及引申义,并尽可能多地积累这方面的 知识,以提高自己的知识水平和应试能力,培养自己根据语 境准确使用短语和习语的能力。 学习名词时,要注意与其搭配的动词、介词;学习动词 时,要了解其与介词、副词搭配的短语。我们可以以名词、 动词或介词为中心词进行比较、归纳,强化记忆。例如,复 习 invitation 时可以联想到与其搭配的常用短语:

语篇图解·答题策略
accept an invitation 接受邀请 receive an invitation 收到请柬 refuse sb.’ s invitation 拒绝某人的邀请 send out an invitation 发出请柬 at the invitation of sb.应某人的邀请 on invitation 应邀 an invitation from sb.来自某人的邀请 又如,与 break, hold 组成的常用短语有:

Unit 3

本 课 栏 目 开 关

break away 脱离, 逃脱; break down 坏掉, 垮掉; break into 强行闯入; break in 强行进入,打断; break off 折断, 中断; break out 突然开始, 爆发; break through 突破; break up 垮掉,结束,打散

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 3

hold back 阻挡; hold down 按住 (某人 ), 限制 (尤指噪音 ); hold on to 抓紧,保住 (优势 );hold on 等着,挺住;hold out 维持,坚持; hold up 支持住,延迟,举起 平时要多积累固定搭配,记忆固定搭配时遗忘是不可避 免的,而防止遗忘的有效方法之一就是及时反复地复习。 典例 1 ...“ From there , just follow the airport.But I’ m afraid there’ s no there in five minutes!” 46(signs) 47(way) to the you’ ll get

本 课 栏 目 开 关

语篇图解·答题策略

Unit 3

“Thank you very much , dear ,” replied the old lady.“Don’t worry—I’ll ... 48.A.have it C.make it
得分点

本 课 栏 目 开 关

48 in time.”

B.get it D.finish it
48.C。考查具体语境中的固定搭配。根据上文中的

“Don’t worry”可知,“我”会及时到达目的地。make it 在此处表示“及时到达”,符合语境。

语篇图解·答题策略
典例 2

Unit 3

本 课 栏 目 开 关

... Ms.Shelton spoke those words many years ago. 6(Little) did she knew that someday one of her students—Jesse Jackson—would take them 7 .She believed that if they were well prepared,they could 8(achieve) _ high goals. ... 7.A.nervously

B.eagerly

C.seriously

D.simply

得分点 7.C。本题考查固定搭配。take sth.seriously 是固定 短语,意思是“认真对待某事”,符合语境。nervously 紧张 地;eagerly 渴望地;simply 简单地,无论从意义上还是搭配 上均不符合语境。


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