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河南省洛阳市八中2013-2014学年高一下学期第二次月考英语试题 Word版含答案


高一英语段考试题

满分共 120 分,时间:90 分钟

阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)

A
When we walk through the city, we all experience a kind of information overl

oad but we pay attention only to those that are important to us. We don’t stop, we keep our faces expressionless and eyes straight ahead, and in doing so, we are not just protecting ourselves but are avoiding overloading other people as well. We make use of stereotypes (刻板的模式) as convenient ways to make quick judgements about situations and people around us. They may not always be accurate, and they can often be dangerously wrong, but they are used regularly. The problem with the stereotypes is that they restrict experience. By using limited clues to provide us with a rapid opinion of other people or places we may choose to limit our communication. We may decide not to go to certain places because we believe they will not offer something we enjoy. In the city, styles of dress are particularly important with regard to selfpresentation. Different groups often use clearly identifiable styles of clothes so that they can be easily recognized. It is becoming increasingly common for brand names to be placed on the outside of clothes, and this labeling makes it easy to send out information about fashion and price instantly, and lets others tell at a distance whether an individual has similar tastes and is a suitable person to associate with. In England, where social grouping or class continues to make social distinctions (区分), clothes, hairstyles, people’s pronunciation and the manner of speaking are all clues to our social group. Class distinctions tend to be relatively fixed, although in the city where greater variety is permitted, they are more likely to be secondary determining factors of friendship and association. 1. People walking in cities ignore the surroundings because __________. A. they do not wish to talk to other people B. everyone else is expressionless C. the environment is already familiar to them

D. there is too much information to take in 2.According to the passage, the main disadvantage of using stereotypes is that they __________. A. are likely to lead us into dangerous situations B. may make us miss some pleasant experience C. can rarely be relied on D. make us mentally lazy

3. From the passage we may conclude that _________. A. stereotypes can help to understand people fully B. people are becoming more interested in fashion C. dressing can send messages about individuals D. stereotypes can do more harm than good to people 4. It would appear that in England, a person’s class __________. A. might be less important in making friends in a city B. is mainly determined by his pronunciation C. plays less of a role than it did in the past D. is something that can be changed easily B Lying in the sun on a rock, the cougar(美洲豹)saw Jeb and his son, Tom before they saw it. Jeb put his bag down quickly and pulled his jacket open with both hands, making himself look big to the cougar, It worked. The cougar hesitated, ready to attack Jeb, but ready to forget the whole thing, too. Jeb let go of his jacket, grasped Tom and held him across his body, making a cross. Now the cougar’s enemy looked even bigger, and it rose up, ready to move away, but unfortunately Tom got scared and struggled free of Jeb. “Tom, no” shouted his father. But Tom broke and ran and that’s the last thing you do with a cougar. The second Tom broke free, Jeb threw himself on the cougar, just as it jumped from the rock. They hit each other in mid-air and both fell. The cougar was on Jeb in a flash, forgetting about Tom, which was what Jeb wanted. Cougars are not as big as most people think and a determined man stands a chance, even with just his fists. As the cougar’s claws(爪子)got into his left shoulder, Jeb swung his fist at its eyes and hit hard. The animal howled(吼 叫)and put its head back. Jeb followed up with his other fist. Then out of the

corner of his eye, Jeb saw Tom. The boy was running back to help his father. “Knife, Tom, ” shouted Jeb. The boy ran to his father’s bag, while Jeb started shouting as well as hitting, to keep the cougar’s attention away from Tom. Tom got the knife and ran over to Jeb. The cougar was moving its head in and out, trying to find a way through the wall Jeb was making out of his arms. Tom swung with the knife, into the cougar’s back. It howled horribly and ran off into the mountains. The whole fight had taken about thirty seconds. 5. Why did Jeb pull his jacket open when he saw the cougar? A. To get ready to fight C. To protect the boy B. To frighten it away D. To cool down

6. What do we know about cougars? A. They are afraid of noises C. They are bigger than we think B. They hesitate before they hit D. They like to attack running people

7. How did Jeb try to hold the cougar’s attention? A. By keeping shouting and hitting C. By throwing himself on the cougar D. By swinging his fists at the cougar’s eyes 8. Which of the following happened first? A. The cougar jumped from the rock C. Jeb asked Tom to get the knife C Some people will do just about anything to save money. And I am one of them. Take my family’s last vacation. It was my six-year-old son’s winter break form school, and we were heading home from Fort Lauderdale after a weeklong trip. The flight was overbooked, and Delta, the airline, offered us $400 per person in credits to give up our seats and leave the next day. I had meetings in New York,So I had to get back. But that didn't mean my husband and my son couldn't stay. I took my nine-month-old and took off for home. The next day, my husband and son were offered more credits to take an even later flight. Yes, I encouraged—okay, ordered—them to wait it out at the airport, to "earn" more Delta Dollars. Our total take: $1,600. Not bad, huh? B. Tom struggled free of his father D. Jeb held Tom across his body B. By making a wall out of his arms

Now some people may think I'm a bad mother and not such a great wife either. But as a big-time bargain hunter, I know the value of a dollar. And these days, a good deal is something few of us can afford to pass up. I've made living looking for the best deals and exposing (揭露) the worst tricks. I have been the consumer reporter of NBC's Today show for over a decade. I have written a couple of books including one titled Tricks of the Trade: A Consumer Survival Guide. And I really do what I believe in. I tell you this because there is no shame in getting your money’s worth. I’m also tightfisted when it comes to shoes, clothes for my children, and expensive restaurants. But I wouldn't hesitate to spend on a good haircut. It keeps its shape longer, and it's the first thing people notice. And I will also spend on a classic piece of furniture. Quality lasts. 9. Why did Delta give the author's family credits? A. They took a later flight. B. They had early bookings. D. Their flight had been cancelled.

C. Their flight had been delayed.

10. What can we learn about the author? A. She rarely misses a good deal. B. She seldom makes a compromise. C. She is very strict with her children. D. She is interested in cheap products. 11. What does the author do? A. She's a teacher. C. She's a media person. B. She's a housewife. D. She's a businesswoman.

12. What does the author want to tell us? A. How to expose bad tricks. C. How to spend money wisely. B. How to reserve airline seats. D. How to make a business deal. C Welcome to International Student Insurance (保险), the number one online destination for international student health insurance and travel insurance plans. Here you will find information on the best international health, medical and student insurance plans to fit the needs of the international student: We offer student insurance plans for:

US Citizens (公民) Click here ● Student Safety ● Atlas International ● International Citizens ● Global Citizens ● Student STM

International Students Click here ● Student Safety ● Atlas America ● Atlas International ● International Citizens

Why buy Student Health Insurance from us? At International Student Insurance, we pride ourselves on offering the best international student insurance plans to students from all around the world. Our plans are recognized around the world as providing high-quality service at low prices — so please feel free to browse our site and learn more about what we offer. We also offer many ways to help you in your buying decision. Please also feel free to contact (联系) our friendly customer support team who are on hand either by e-mail or phone. You don’t have to be a student to buy one of our plans. Non-students can visit our sister site International Citizens — International Health Insurance. If you are looking for an international plan to fit the need of your group of international students, please visit our group insurance center for more. 13. Any student who wants to learn about the insurance plans can click the following EXCEPT ______. A. Student Safety C. Atlas International B. International Citizens D. Student STM

14. The underlined word “browse” (in Paragraph 4) means “______”. A. look after C. look through B. look for D. look at

15. Where can we probably read this passage? A. In a newspaper. C. In a magazine. B. On the Internet. D. In a story book.

16. The group insurance center is for ______. A. every student B. groups of international students C. American students D. single international student 第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有 两项为多余选项。 Every people has its own way of saying things, its own special expressions. Many everyday American expressions are based on colors. 16 They may say they are red-hot about something unfair —

when they are red-hot they are very angry about something. The small hot tasting peppers found in many Mexican foods are called Red Hots for the color and their fiery taste. Fast loud music is popular with many people. They may say the music is red hot, especially the kind called Dixieland Jazz. 17 It probably comes from the fact that many babies are born with a nice pink color which shows that they are in good health. Blue is a cool color. The traditional Blues Music in the United States is the opposite of Red Hot Music. Blues is slow, sad, and sorrowful. 18 In the words of the song, “You ain’t been blue, till you’ve had that Mood Indigo.” Someone who is blue is very sad. The color green is natural for trees and grass. But it is an unnatural color for humans. A person who has a sick feeling stomach may say he / she feels a little green. A passenger on a boat who is feeling very sick from high waves may look very green. 19 Some people are green with envy because a friend has more dollars or greenbacks. Dollars are called greenbacks because that is the color of the backside of the paper money. 20 A black list is illegal now, but at one time some

businesses refused to employ people who are on a black list for belonging to unpopular organizations.

In some cases, colors describe a situation. A Brownout is an expression for a reduction in electric power. Brownouts happen when there is too much demand for electricity. The electric system is unable to offer all the power needed in an area. Blackouts were common during World War II. Officials would order all lights in a city to be turned off to make it difficult for enemy planes to find a target in the dark of night. A. Pink is a lighter kind of red. People sometimes say they are in the pink when they are in good health. The expression was first used in America at the beginning of the 20th century. B. The color black is used often in expressions. People describe a day in which everything goes wrong as a black day. The day of a major tragedy is remembered as a black day. C. Red is a hot color; Americans often use it to express heat. D. Duke Ellington and his orchestra recorded a famous song Mood Indigo about the deep blue color indigo. E. Sometimes a person may be upset because he does not have something as nice as a friend has, like a fast new car, that person may say he is green with envy. F. People like colors. Colors are linked to everyday life. Many American expressions are based on colors. G. Red can take on different colors depending on the surroundings. 第二部分 第一节 语言知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 完行填空(共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

Shopping habits in the United States have changed greatly in the last quarter of the 20th century. 21 in the 1900s most American towns and cities had a Main

Street. Main Street was always in the heart of a town. This street was 22 on both sides with many 23 businesses. Here, shoppers walked into stores to look at all sorts of merchandise: clothing, furniture, hardware, groceries. 24 , some shops offered 25 .These shops included drugstores, restaurants, shoe-repair stores, and barber or hairdressing shops.

26 in the 1950s, a change began to 27 .Too many automobiles had crowded into Main Street 28 too few parking places were 29 shoppers. Because the streets were crowded, merchants began to look with interest at the open spaces 30 the city limits. Open space is what their car-driving customers needed. And open space was what they got 31 the first shopping centre was built. Shopping centres, or rather malls, 32 as a collection of small new stores 33 crowded city centres. 34 by hundreds of free parking space, customers were drawn away from 35 areas to outlying malls. And the growing 36 of shopping centres led 37 to the building of bigger and better stocked stores. 38 the late 1970s,many shopping malls had almost developed into small cities themselves. In addition to providing the 39 of one stop shopping, malls were transformed into landscaped parks,- 40 benches, fountains, and outdoor entertainment.
21. A. As early as 22. A. built 23. A. varied 24. A. Apart from 25. A. medical care 26. A. suddenly 27. A. be taking place 28. A. while 29. A. available for 30. A. over 31. A. when 32. A. started 33. A. out of 34. A. Attracted 35. A. inner 36. A. distinction 37. A. on 38. A. By 39. A. cheapness B. Early B. designed B. various B. However B. food B. Abruptly B. take place B. yet B. available to B. from B. while B. founded B. away from B. Surprised B. central B. fame B. in turn B. During B. readiness C. Early as C. intended C. sorted C. In addition C. cosmetics C. Contrarily C. be taken place C. though C. used by C. out of C. since C. set up C. next to C. Delighted C. shopping C. popularity C. by turns C. In C. convenience D. Earlier D. lined D. mixed up D.As well D. services D. But D. have taken place D. and then D. ready for D. outside D. then D. organized D. near D. Enjoyed D. downtown D. liking D. further D. Towards D. handiness

40. A. because of

B. and

C. with

D. provided

第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词 的正确形式。 My deskmate admires my fluent English very much and I usually feel 41 (encourage) by his compliments. One day, 43 42 we learned the new word “eccentric” in class, we 44 clothes never fit him.” 4 5 (laugh) and my

(ask)to make a sentence with it. I volunteered to do it by saying

“My deskmate is an eccentric boy deskmate’s face turned red. that my deskmate 47 46

Hearing this, the whole class burst into

class, I learned from the teacher 48 (hurt) him deeply. 50

(drop) out of school if he hadn’t been

helped by others. My mindless words must

Not until then 49 I realize words could be powerful in can’t always be encouraging when we speak. 第 II 卷 注意事项:

positive and negative ways. We should avoid hurting others if we

用 0.5 毫米黑色笔迹的签字笔将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第四部分 写作(共两页,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌中间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作 文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的 增加、删除或修改。 增加:把缺词处叫个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 I hardly remember my grandmother. She used to holding me on her knees and sing old songs. I was only four when she passes away. She is just a distant memory for me now.

I remember my grandfather very much. He was tall, with broad shoulder and a beard that turned from black toward gray over the years. He had a deep voice, which set himself apart from others in our small town, he was strong and powerful. In a fact, he even scared my classmates away during they came over to play or do homework with me. However, he was the gentlest man I have never known. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分)

根据下面提示,给你的美国笔友 Tom 写一封英语信,谈谈你对零花钱的使用 情况。100 字左右 1. 2. 3. Dear Tom, I’m writing to tell you? 参加同学聚会,买零食,书? 给朋友,家人买礼物? 帮助困难的同学?

答案 1- 4 DBCA 5-8 BDAD 9-12 AACC 13-16 17-20 CADEB

1.【答案】B 【解析】as early as 的意思为“同……一样早”, early 是副词,“早期”的 意思,earlier 是比较级“较早”的意思。 2.【答案】D 【解析】本句的意思是“街道的两旁排列着很多各种各样的商店”,

build 的意思是“建造,修建”,design 的意思是“设计”,intend“意思是“打算”, line 是“沿……排列”的意思。 3.【答案】B 【解析】varied 是“变化多端”的意思,various 为“各种各样的”, sorted 意为“分类的”,mixed?up 意为“困惑的,迷惘的,不适应社会的”。本句意为 “各种各样的商店”。 4.【答案】C 【解析】本句的意思是“除了各种各样的商店销售各种各样的商品之

外,有些商店还提供服务”,apart from 意为“除此之外”,后必须接名词或动名 词, however 是连词“然而”的意思,in addition 可单独使用,意为“除此之外”,as well 用在句末。 5.【答案】D 【解析】medical care 意为“医疗护理”。food 是“食物”,cosmetic 是 “化妆品”,service 是“服务”,根据上题意思,service 一词放在这里最合适。

6.【答案】D 【解析】本句的意思是“在五十年代,情况发生了变 化”,有转折的意 思。suddenly 和 abruptly 都是“突然”的意思,contrarily 指“相反 地”,but 是“但 是”的意思,表转折。 7.【答案】B 【解析】take place 只有主动语态,故可排除 C,而 begin to 后应接动词不 定式,只有 take place“发生”可用。 8.【答案】A 【解析】此句中太多的汽车和太少的停车场有相对比较的意思,while 是连 词,有“而,却”的意思,表比较。yet“然而”,表转折,though“尽 管,虽然”, 表让步。 9.【答案】B 【解析】be available to sb.为固定搭配,意为“对某人来说可用的,可得 到的”,本句意为“顾客可用的停车场地”,故选 B。 10.【答案】D 【解析】本句意为“商人们开始对城市界限以外的开阔地感兴趣”,out of 表示“……的外面”而 outside 指“超过某一个界限,范围等”。 11.【答案】A 【解析】这里是一个时间状语从句。因此用 when(在……时候)。while 指 “在……期间”;since 表示“自从”,主句一般用完成时。 12.【答案】A 【解析】本句的意思是“购物中心是从聚集一些小的店铺开始的”,只有 started as 有此意。 13.【答案】B 【解析】本句意为“远离拥挤的市中心”, out of 指“在……之外”, away from 表示距离,“远 离”,next to 指“靠近,下一个”,near 是“近”的意 思。 14.【答案】A 【解析】本句意为“被……所吸引”,surprise 意为“使……惊奇”, delight 意为“使……喜 悦”,enjoy 意为“欣赏,喜爱”。 15.【答案】D 【解析】本句意为“顾客从市区被吸引到城市以外的商业中心”,只有 downtown“市区”符合此意。 16.【答案】C 【解析】本句意为“这些购物中心越来越大的名气反过来导致了更大,设 备更好的商店的建成”。distinction 声望;fame 卓越,好名声;popularity 名气很大, 知名度很高;liking 喜爱,喜好。故选 C。 17.【答案】B 【解析】根据上题解释,in turn 应为“依次”的意 思,引申为“反过 来”。 18.【答案】A 【解析】在这四个选项中,只有 by 所组成的时间状语与完成时连用,意 为“到……为止”,其他三个选项均被排除。 19.【答案】C 【解析】这里 convenience 与 providing 组成短语“提供方便,便利”, 符合上下文义。

20.【答案】C 【解析】介词 with 在这里的意思是“带有”,本句意为“商业街被变成了 带有长椅、喷泉及户外娱乐的风景优美的公园”。 1. encouraged 2.when 3.were asked 4.whose 7.would have dropped 8.have hurt 9did 10.both 5.laughter 6.After

I hardly remember my grandmother. She used to holding me on her knees and sing old songs. I was only hold four when she passes away. She is just a distant memory for me now. passed I remember my grandfather very much. He was tall, with broad shoulder and a beard that turned from black shoulders well / clearly

toward gray over the years. He had a deep voice, which set himself apart from others in our small town,∧he was to / into him and

strong and powerful. In a fact, he even scared my classmates away during they came over to play or do when homework with me. However, he was the gentlest man I have never known. ever


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