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英语必修五Unit


4 Understanding ―Who questions much, shall learn much, and remember much.‖ – Francis Bacon (1561–1626) It seems obvious now how we acquire knowledge and understanding. To start with, you need

questions. Then, to find answers, you observe the world around you and study the facts. After that you consider possible answers and test each to find the right ones. Although today we are more accustomed to typing a few key words into a search engine and waiting for the Internet to spit the answer out for us, modern scientists and thinkers are still solving the world's problems with this type of analysis — luckily for us. However, in the 17th century when Francis Bacon suggested that this type of thinking was the way to gain knowledge, he was going against the views of the day. Bacon held an important rank under King James (1566–1625) of England but his true interest was not the day to day bureaucratic details of the government, but the worthy search for knowledge. This was certainly not the interest of most people in his day. At that time, people believed more in religion than in facts and people like Galileo Galilei (1564–1642), who proved scientific ideas such as ―the Earth is not the centre of the universe‖, were often punished by the church with no one coming to their defence. The church and many people tended to ignore the facts and were unwilling to challenge what they had always comfortably believed. They preferred to make assumptions about the world based on the experience of others. In fact, when Galilei proved that the Earth was not the centre of the universe, instead of believing him, people chose to believe views that were almost 2000 years old! It is not surprising that people wanted to believe these ancient views as they had been put forward by the great philosopher Aristotle (384–322 BC). He said that the Earth must be the centre of the universe because it felt like the Earth was standing still. Galilei disagreed. At first, people approved of his studies and urged him to continue, but later when he proved Aristotle wrong, they grew angry and put him in prison. They didn't want to challenge what they'd always thought was true. This also shows how people didn't want to search for their own understanding or educate themselves. And this is still often true today. People feel that if someone important and respected says that something

is right, then it must be so. But even though Aristotle was a great man who inspired many great scientists and philosophers after him, he was wrong at times. And Galilei too made mistakes. He is now known as the father of astronomy but he believed that the earth moved round the sun in a perfect circle. He was wrong. Therefore our understanding of the world around us is constantly growing and changing. In other words, we learn more every day and none of us can ever sit back and say, ―We know it all‖. We need to thank the great men of the past for the wisdom to know that we don't know it all and probably never will, for that would mean a world without questions. So much of our knowledge and understanding of the world today is due to people like Bacon and Galilei, who were brave enough to step out from the shadows of conventional thought in order to find the kingdom of knowledge that today's civilisation is built upon. These men knew that knowledge and understanding are things to fight for; more vital to a man, and more beneficial to mankind, some might say, than all the money in the world. ―All truths are easy to understand once they are discovered; the point is to discover them.‖ 以下为谷歌翻译
“谁的问题的,应当学到很多东西,并记得了。 ” - 培根(1561-1626) 这似乎是显而易见的,现在我们获得的知识和理解。首先,你需要的问题。然后,找到答 案, 你观察你周围的世界和学习的事实。 之后, 你认为可能的答案, 并测试每个找到合适的。 虽然今天我们更习惯于在搜索引擎中键入几个关键词, 和等待在互联网上吐了答案我们, 现 代的科学家,思想家,还是解决世界上的问题,这种类型的分析 - 幸运的是我们。 然而,在 17 世纪时,弗朗西斯·培根认为,这种想法是获取知识的方式,他反对意见的一 天。培根举行了一次重要的排名(1566 年至 1625 年) ,英国的国王詹姆斯,但他真正的兴 趣不是一天到一天的政府衙门的详情, 但有价值的知识搜索。 这当然不是在他那个时代的大 多数人的利益。当时,人们认为在宗教的事实,人们像伽利略(1564-1642 年) ,证明了科 学思想,如“地球是宇宙的中心” ,由教会没有人通常受到处罚为他们辩护。教会和许多人 往往忽视的事实,不愿意挑战他们一直舒适地认为, 。他们宁愿让别人的经验的基础上对世 界的假设。事实上,当伽利略证明了地球不是宇宙的中心,而不是相信他,人们选择了相信 的意见,这些意见近 2000 年的历史! 这并不奇怪,人们愿意相信这些古老的意见,因为他们已经提出了伟大的哲学家亚里士多 德(公元前 384-322) 。他说,地球是宇宙的中心,因为它觉得像地球一样站立着。伽利略 不同意。起初,人们通过他的研究,并敦促他继续,但后来当他证明了亚里士多德的错误, 他们终于生气了,把他关进监狱。他们并不想挑战他们一直以为是真实的。

这也显示了人们如何不想寻找自己的理解或自己教育自己。这是真实的今天,仍然经常。 人们觉得重要和最受尊重的人说,如果事情是正确的,那么它必须是这样。但是,即使亚里 士多德是一个伟大的人谁启发了许多伟大的科学家 和哲学家,在他之后,他错了的时候。而伽利略也犯过错误。他是目前已知作为天文学的 父亲,但他认为动议,地球围绕太阳一个完美的圆圈。他错了。 因此,我们理解我们周围的世界是不断成长和改变。换句话说,我们学习更多的每一天, 从来没有人能坐下来,说, “我们知道这一切。 ”我们要感谢在过去的伟人的智慧,要知道, 我们不知道这一切,并可能永远也不会,因为这将意味着世界上没有问题。 今天这么多的知识水平和认识世界,是因为喜欢培根,伽利略,谁是勇敢地走出传统思想 的阴影,以便找到知识的国度,今天的文明是建立在。这些人都知道,知识和理解是要争取 的东西,更重要的一个人,对人类有益,有些人可能会说,在世界上所有的钱。 “所有的真理都是很容易理解,一旦他们被发现的一点是发现他们。 ”


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