假如你是新华中学的学生李华，不久前在国际英语演讲比赛（International English Speech Contest）中获得一等奖，奖励为 7 月 15 日去美国首都华盛顿 （Washington D.C.）和纽约进行为期一周的旅游，你的美国朋友 Jack 正好生活 在华盛顿，请根据以下提示给他写封电子邮件： 1. 获奖时的
心情； 2. 获奖的原因（注重口语学习）； 3. 你在美国的打算（期待见面、请他带领参观白宫等）。 注意：1. 词数：120-150； 2 可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3. 开头已经为你写好，但不计入总词数。 Dear Jack, How is everything going on with you? I’m writing this letter to tell you my good news. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________ I am looking forward to hearing from you. And I’ll appreciate it ver y much if you give me an early reply. Yours sincerely, Li Hua
One possible version: Dear Jack, How is everything going on with you? I’m writing this letter to tell you my good news. I attended an International English Speech Contest not long ago and have won first prize, for which I have been given a chance to go on a week-long American visit to Washington D. C. and New York. How happy I was when hearing the news! It was what I have expected. You know, I am very interested in English and have been working hard in it all the time, especially I pay much more attention to my spoken English. I practise a lot to improve my listening and speaking skills. I will first fly to Washington D. C. on July 15 and then to New York. I am wondering if you can meet me on July 17, when you can show me around the White House and other famous places. Do you think this is a pleasant surprise to us? We will soon get together. I am looking forward to hearing from you. And I’ll appreciate it very much if you give me an early reply. Yours sincerely,
2015 高考英语书面表达热点话题及范文 1、考题示例
根据国务院发布的“限塑令” ，自 2008 年 6 月 1 日起，在所有超市、商场实行塑料购物 袋有偿使用制度，超市、商场一律不得免费提供塑料购物袋。请你写一篇英语短文，要求包 括以下内容： 现状：目前中国每天消费近 30 亿个塑料袋，造成了严重的资源浪费和环境污染; 限塑令的意义：减少塑料袋使用量，提高公众的环保意识; 提倡：重拎布袋子，重提菜篮子。 参考词汇：禁令 ban 意识 awareness 提倡 advocate 2、参考范文 The problem of “white pollution” caused by used plastic is becoming increasingly serious, in which plastic shopping bags play an important role. In China about three billion plastic shopping bags are consumed every day, which results in a great waste of resources and heavy environmental pollution. Luckily, The government has put a nationwide ban on the use of free plastic bags, demanding that all stores and supermarkets not provide customers with free plastic bags after June 1. The rule will undoubtedly reduce the use of plastic bags and enhance the awareness of environmental protection. It is highly advocated that we should turn to cloth bags and shopping baskets from now on. 2.考题示例 假设你是李华， 你是一名奥运会志愿者， 你将带领一个来自美国的奥运旅游团游览某城 市一著名的旅游景点---XXX。请用英文写一个关于 XXX 和活动安排的口头导游词，主要内 容包括： 1、欢迎来到 XXX 城市，我很高兴成为你们的导游; 2、XXX 是一个具有悠久历史的城市; 3、XXX 是 XXX 市的历史性建筑，是 XXX 的发源地; 4、“XXX”已经成为世界文化遗产; 5、祝愿大家在 XXX 玩得开心。 2、参考范文 Ladies and gentlemen Welcome to XXX! I feel honored to be your guide for the one-day tour to the XXX. First of all, on behalf my travel agency, I’d like to extend my welcome to all of you. Our schedule for today is to visit the famous scenic spot --- the XXX, which is the historic architecture in the city of XXX. As the origin of XXX, the XXX has become the world cultural heritage. I’m quite sure that you will be impressed by the beauty of the royal construction and the long history of the city as well. Wish you have great fun during the whole day! Ok, next, I will show you around the whole XXX and introduce it in details to you. 奥运与健身 3.考题示例 请你根据下表所提供的信息，写一篇报告，描述奥运会给中学生生活带来的变化。 迎奥运之前迎奥运之后
学校每周两节体育课， 并且有时被文化课占用每天一小时体活课， 师生一起开展户外活 动 学生只顾学习，忽视运动锻炼重视锻炼，认识到身体好可以促进学习 参考词汇：忽视 neglect 2、参考范文 As the form reflects, with the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games’ drawing nearer and nearer, some positive changes have taken place. Before that, each week, only two so-called PE lessons were scheduled, during which sometimes we were actually having lessons such as Chinese, Math, Physics and so on. Most of us, who mainly cared for our studies, always neglected physical training. Luckily, the Olympics come! Nowadays, in contrast, we spend more of our time doing physical exercise, for which one hour is arranged every day. We, along with our teachers, organize some outdoor events. Having realized that a sound body can, in turn, help us to learn more productively, we ourselves begin to pay close attention to our physical health. 2015 年高考英语作文热门话题之一---雅安地震 四川省雅安市芦山发生强烈地震，造成很大损失。学校号召全体师生向灾区捐款。请你拟一 个发言稿，在学校捐款动员大会上使用。发言稿主要内容应包括： 1. 对灾区情况的简单介绍(包括地震发生时间、地点、造成的财产和人员损失等); 2. 捐款的意义(帮助灾区人民渡过难关、帮助灾区重建); 3. 如何捐款(自愿、多少不限、以班级为单位，收齐后交到学校红十字会) 注意： 1. 不要逐条翻译; 2. 可适当增加细节;以使文章连贯; 3. 词数至少 100 词。 参考范文： Dear teachers and students, As we all know, a terrible earthquake happened in Lushan, Sichuan Province on April 20, in which many buildings were destroyed and many people were injured. In order to help the earthquake victims to go through the hard times and rebuild their hometown, the school has called on everyone in our school, including both teachers and students, to donate money to the earthquake-stricken area. This donation is voluntary. You can give away however much you want to. The money will be collected by each class before it is handed to the Red Cross Society of our school. We hope that everyone will be kind enough to do what you can to help our fellowmen out of the difficulty. Thank you. 2015 年高考英语作文热门话题之二---“中国梦” 最近，你们班召开了以“我的中国梦”为主题的班会活动。请写一篇日记，记述班会情况及自 己的感受。内容要点如下： 1.每位同学都畅谈了自己对中国梦的理解; 2.你谈到了自己的梦想; 3.如何实现自己的梦想。 注意： 1.总词数不少于 100。 2.不可逐条翻译。 3.开头已给出，不计入总词数。 April 8 Monday Fine Recently we had a class meeting on the topic of My Chinese Dream.... 参考范文：
April 8 Monday Fine Recently we had a class meeting on the topic of My Chinese Dream. Inspired by President Xi’s Chinese Dream, everyone talked enthusiastically about his understanding of the Chinese Dream. We all believe that this dream will come true in the future. I also talked about my own dream. I have always wanted to be a doctor. Not only can doctors save people’s lives but also they are doing a respectable job. Doctors can also help people to live a better life with their professional knowledge. To realize my dream, I must try to work hard from now on. I must learn as much as I can so that I can get into a good medical college, where I can prepare myself adequately for the job of a doctor. Only in this way can I accomplish my goal. 2015 年高考英语作文热门话题之三---中学生使用 iPad 假如你是李华，是一名高中生。随着科技的发展，iPad 已成为中学生的新宠。用 iPad 既可 以听音乐，阅读纯文本电子书，又可玩电子游戏。请你用英语给某英语报社写一封信，谈谈 中学生使用 iPad 的情况。信的内容必须包括以下几点： 1、使用 iPad 对学习的好处： 2、对课堂纪律和学习可能产生的负面影响： 3、提出自己的建议并说明理由。 注意：开头已经给出，不计入总数。词数 120 字左右 Dear Editor', I'm a senior high school student named Li Hua. Now many students have iPads and think it's a fashion to use them. 参考范文： Dear Editor', I'm a senior high school student named Li Hua. Now many students have iPads and think it's a fashion to use them. U sing an iPad, we can listen to music, download a lot of learning materials and read them on the screen. Apparently, it's helpful to our study, especially to our English listening. Some students, however, bring their iPads to the classroom and listen to music without earphones, which makes the teacher and other students greatly annoyed. Some of them even waste precious time in class playing video games. In my opinion, as students, we should make good use of iPads to help achieve academic success. The classroom is a place for students to study, and thereforeconcentration is awfully needed for us to learn our lessons. Furthermore, the school should make a rule to guide the students to use iPads in a proper way. Yours sincerely, Li Hua 2015 年高考英语作文热门话题之四---H7N9 流感 假设你是李华，从电视上看到 H7N9 流感仍然在上海流行，并有少部分人因此而丧生，你为 你正在上海上学的笔友 Anderson 的健康与安全担心。请你给他写一封信询问他的情况，并 给他提出防护建议。 要点： 1、询问(他的健康状况;人们对流行疾病的反应：是否感到恐惧等) 2、建议(至少三点) 注意：词数：120 左右; Dear Anderson, _______________________________________________________________________________
__________ Yours, Li Hua 参考范文： Dear Anderson, From TV I know there are still many H7N9 flu cases reported recently in Shanghai and some people are even killed as a result. I’m so worried about you. So I’m writing to get to know some information about you. Are you all right ? Are there any H7N9 flu cases in your school ? Are you still afraid of this widespread disease ? To stay away from the disease, I strongly suggest you doing the following things. Firstly, you’d better stay at home as much as possible and not go to places where there are many people. Then it would be a good idea to wash your hands more often to keep them clean. Besides, open the window to have more fresh air in the room. And last but not least, eat more fruits and vegetables to keep yourself fit and strong. So far the disease is not so deadly as it seems to be. Do be at ease ! Take care and you’ll be OK. Yours, Li Hua 2015 年高考英语作文热门话题之五---雾霾 假如你是李华，你的笔友 Mike 从电视上得知前 段时间北京多个地方出现雾霾(haze),非常担心，写 E-mail 询问有关情况，请回复。回复应包 括以下要点： 1.实况描述; 2.对生活造成的影响; 3.成因简析与教训; 4.你个人的情况。 要求： 1.词数 100-120; 2.email 的开头与结尾已给出，不计入总词数。 Dear Mike, Thank you very much for your concern. ______________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ Regards! Yours， Li Hua 参考范文： Dear Mike， Thank you very much for your concern. Last months several places in Beijing were blanketed with thick yellow fog. Everything around disappeared from our sight. Some highways were closed. Traffic jams were commonly seen in the streets. Many people, especially children and seniors, even found it difficult to breathe. As a result, local hospitals were crowded with people who had problems with their noses and lungs. Part of the cause was the dry weather, but the severely damaged environment contributed a lot to this nightmare. Personally I didn’t get any health problems in the haze because I stayed mostly indoors. But to make a significant change we really have to do more to protect our environment. To live a better life we have to push on with the economy, but it wound be meaningless if we have to achieve it at the cost of our breathing air. Regards!
Yours， Li Hua 2015 年高考英语作文热门话题之五---中国式过马路 前不久，中央电视台“焦点访谈”栏目曾就“中国式过马路”现象进行了不少采访和评论。请用 英 语 写 一 篇 100-120 词 的 短 文 ， 结 合 自 己 的 所 见 所 闻 或 亲 身 经 历 描 述 “ 行 人 闯 红 灯”(pedestrians run the red light)引发的若干问题， 并就此提出一些解决措施。 注意;短文的开 头已给出(不计词数)。 Not long ago, CCTV “Focus Talk” carried out many interviews and made some relevant comments on the phenomena---“Crossing roads in the Chinese style”.______________________ 参考范文： Not long ago, CCTV “Focus Talk” carried out many interviews and made some relevant comments on the phenomena---“Crossing roads in the Chinese style”. There is a very common phenomenon around us that people just run the light totally ignoring the running vehicles, which can lead to serious consequences. Last week a traffic accident happened near our school, a rushing car knocked down a student who was running the red light. And because of the car’s sudden stop, several cars behind crashed into each other. Of course this caused a terrible traffic jam. In my opinion, effective measures should be taken to solve the problem. First, we can make good use of the media, such as TV, newspaper, magazine, to raise people’s awareness of obeying the traffic rules and road safety. Second, government must make severe laws to punish people who dare to break the law and run the red light. 优秀作文： Not long ago, CCTV “Focus Talk” carried out many interviews and made some relevant comments on the phenomena---“Crossing roads in the Chinese style”. Take one of my experiences for example. It was a Tuesday and it rained cat and dog. There was only a few minutes left for me to go to school on time. I was so hurried that I ignored the red light. It was so dangerous for me that the car hardly hit me seriouly. From then on, I never dare to run the red light. I think it can lead to many problems. There is no doubt that it will not only make the traffic heavier but also lose your own life. As far as I am concerned, it has profound significance to take actions. For the government, they should make laws and appeal to the importance of safety. For the other people, we should cherish our lives and obey the traffic rules. 2015 年高考英语作文热门话题之六---光盘行动 节约是中华人民的传统美德， 然而， 当前国人的浪费现象却十分严重， 尤其是餐桌上的浪费。 请用英语写一篇 100-120 词的短文，描述你的一次“餐桌浪费”经历，并结合当前的“光盘行 动”(Clear Your Plate Campaign)略加评论。 参考范文： With large amounts of food thrown away each year, the problem of food waste is widespread in China. Last Spring Festival, my father invited several friends to dinner in a restaurant. My father ordered a lot to show respect and display generosity. What surprised me was he ordered an extra dish before we could finish all! When we stood up to leave, there were many dishes unfinished. Out of embarrassment, my father was reluctant to take the leftovers home. Later, we all shared the opinion that it was a great waste. Recently, the Clear Your Plate Campaign started nationwide. I firmly believe that if everyone does his bit, the food waste will be significantly reduced.
2015 年高考英语作文热门话题之八---食品安全 我们的身体健康与食品安全息息相关，但现在我们却面临越来越多的食品问题如染色馒头、 毒奶粉。请用英语写一篇 100-120 词的短文，简要分析食品问题形成的原因并提出相应的解 决措施。 染色馒头 the industrial dye of steamed bun 毒奶粉 the notorious milk powder It is universally acknowledged that the safety of food is closely related to our health. As the famous saying goes, “we are what we eat.” However, things often go contrary to our wishes since we are faced with a series of food safety problems at present, ranging from the industrial dye of steamed bun to the notorious milk powder. There are several reasons for this severe problem. First and foremost, many manufactures produce fake food of poor quality in order to get higher profits. In addition, the relevant laws and regulations are imperfect and even ineffective. Last but not least, the public especially customers from poor families, are not alert enough to the safety of food. In view of the seriousness of the problem, effective measures must be taken to improve the situation. Firstly, it is essential that relevant laws and regulations on food safety should be enforced. Secondly, the relevant department should attach more importance to supervising 监督 the manufacturers. Also, the public should be trained to be alert to food quality, believing our efforts will make an enormous difference. Only by taking these actions can the problem be coped with successfully in the nearest future. 2015 年高考英语作文热门话题之七--校园生活 假如你是诸暨二中高三(1)的李华，今年即将高中毕业。请根据以下要点给某英文报写一篇 英语短文，谈谈你对高三生活的看法。 (1)对获得的帮助表示感谢;(2)消除与 同学之间的误 会;(3)努力学习，实现人生梦想;(4)对学弟、学妹的建议。 注意：(1)可适当加入细节，以使 行文连贯;(2)词数：100 左右(开头已给出，不计入总词数) 。 High school is regarded as the best time in a person's life. As a senior 3 student, it won't take long before I graduate.___________________________________________________ 【参考范文】 High school is regarded as the best time in a person's life. As a senior three student, it won't take long before I graduate. Now, I have much to share with my fellow students. Firstly, I would like to show my appreciation to those standing by me all the way, teachers, parents and friends included. Without their help and advice, my life would be different. Secondly, it's high time to say sorry to classmates whom I hurt or misunderstood. Communication and smiles act as bridges to friendship. Above all, I've made up my mind to make every effort to study, for I believe hard work is the key to success. Just as the old saying goes, "no pains, no gains." Finally I hope that all the younger fellows can make full use of time, because time and tide wait for no men. 2015 年高考英语作文热门话题之八---人际关系 有些高中生有时与同学发生这样或那样的矛盾或冲突， 这些问题会给大家带来烦恼甚至影响 大家的学习。请你用英语写一篇 120 词左右的短文，分析一下产生矛盾或冲突的原因，并谈 谈应如何正确地与同学相处。 【参考范文】 Classmate conflicts among senior middle school students are often heard on campus over recent
years. These conflicts make the excitement of campus life grow grey and have bad effects on both their living and learning. Classmate conflicts often rise from daily tiny things such as space where to store books or notes. When personalities don’t mix, the specifics can tear classmates apart and sometimes even lead to serious conflicts. Besides, the fact that classmates hold different attitudes towards certain issues is another factor causing these conflicts. Classmate conflicts are harmful and need to be settled. Though many people think that school discipline can soften the conflicts, I believe learning to be tolerant with each other can play a more constructive role because it teaches students flexibility and the art of compromise. Meanwhile, communication contributes to the solution to this problem since many of these conflicts result from misunderstanding. 2015 年高考英语作文热门话题之九---友谊 请根据以下的提示，并结合自己的交友经历，表达你对朋友的理解。 Without friends, life is not worth living. But what kind of person can be accepted as friend? Lots of people are classmates and aren't friends. Lots of people are lovers but aren't friends. You can appreciate or admire someone, but that doesn't make them a friend. If their attitude is "for better or worse," if they stick with you through thick and thin, that's when you can tell it's friendship. 注 意：1、120 字数左右。 2、不要过多引用上述提示。 【参考范文】 The term, friend, covers a wide range of meanings. It can be a nodding acquaintance, a comrade, a partner, a playmate, a brother, etc. As life is full of obstacles and conflicts, we need friends to give us supports to get through tough times, we also need friends to give us warnings to go against danger. True friends share not only joy but, more often than not, they share sorrow and difficulties. With friendship, life is happy and harmonious. Without friendship, life is hostile and unfortunate. I have friends in the rank and file. Some are rich and in power. Some are low and common. Some are like myself, working as an ordinary teacher, reading and writing and content with the simple life. To many of my friends, I know what to treasure, what to tolerate and what to share, I will never forget my old friends and keep making new friends. I will not be cold and indifferent to the poor friends and will show concern for them, even if it is only a comforting word. 2015 年高考英语作文热门话题之十——网络用语 目前，一些诸如 GG、MM、 Xia Mi 等网络语言在青少年中极为盛行，并且出现在家庭作 业报告，甚至全国入学考试的作文中。请你以 “Should Internet Slang Be Prohibited (禁止)?” 为题，根据下表内容用英语写一篇短文，并谈谈你自己的看法。 注意： 1. 短文开头已经给出，不计入总词数; 2. 词数：100-120 左右 【参考范文】 Should Internet Slang Be Prohibited? At present， Internet Slang， such as “GG， MM， Xia Mi”， has become popular among the teenagers. There are different opinions on Internet Slang. Some students think Internet Slang is vivid， fashionable and full of humor and intelligence. Besides， it makes chatting on the Internet quicker. However， some other students think Internet Slang lacks depth of thought and is too simple. Also， it is hard to understand and not accepted by most people. The words sometimes might
make people confused， even resulting in misunderstanding. Every coin has two sides. In my opinion， living in the Information Age， if we don’t know the Internet Slang， we seem to fall behind the times. It will be OK as long as these terms are used correctly in proper situations.
一（2014 北京卷） 书面表达（共两节，35 分） 第一节(15 分) 你给英国朋友 Chris 写一封信，内容包括： 1.你们原计划 7 月份一同去云南旅游； 2.由于脚部受伤，你无法按原计划前往； 3.表达你的歉意并建议将旅行推迟到 8 月份。 注意： 1.词数不少于 50. 2. 可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 3.开头和结尾已给出，不计入总词数。 Dear Chris, _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Yours, Joe 【写作指导】 本文属于应用文中的书信，要求写信给英国朋友 Chris 说明取消计划的原因并建议推测旅行 至 8 月份。以第一人称为主。要点：1.你们原计划 7 月份一同去云南旅游；2.由于脚部受伤， 你无法按原计划前往；3.表达你的歉意并建议将旅行推迟到 8 月份。 这是一篇提纲类作文，我们需要用正确的英语把给出的要点表达出来.本作文中给出的要点 比较具体,故需要准确表达.写作时注意准确运用时态，上下文意思连贯，符合逻辑关系， 也要注意使用高级词汇和高级句型使文章显得更有档次。特别注意在选择句式时要赋予变 化。 【参考范文】 Dear Chris, How is everything going? I remember we planned to visit Yunnan in July but now bucause my left foot was injured, I cannot go with you as planned. I’m sorry about it. Can I suggest that we put it off until early august? I wish you could understand. I’m looking forward to hearing from you soon. Yours, Joe 第二节（20 分） 假设你是红星中学高三（1）班的学生李华，请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序，用校刊“英语园 地”写一篇短文，记述你和同学们向学校提建议，解决自行车存放问题的过程。 注意： 1. 词数不少于 60. 2. 短文的开头已给出，不计入总词数。
There was a problem with the parking place for bikes in our school. 【考点】考察看图作文 【写作指导】 本文属于看图作文。 叙述的是李华和同学们向学校建议解决自行车存放的问题。 属于记叙文， 使用第一人称和一般过去时。 要点：1.在自行车存放处前面，我看见很多人都拥挤在一起；2.找到几个同学一起讨论具体 解决方法。3.找到校长提出建议；4.校方采纳建议，多开了一个进出的门。 看图作文要求考生将画面所包含的有效信息直接运用英语思维转换成英语语言文字， 再根据 这些要点谋篇布局。 要求考生把看到的图画用文字表达出来， 除了能表达清楚图画中的信息 外，考生还需要根据词数要求，适当拓展并发挥想象，从而使文章的叙述不单调。如果是记 叙文类的写作素材，考生要注意故事的时间、地点、人物、事件的起因、过程、结果这六个 要素。 【参考范文】 One possible version There was a problem with the parking place for bikes in our school, I noticed the entrance was small and almost blocked. So my classmates and I had a discussion and wrote a report. Then we went to meet the schoolmaster in his office and gave the report to him. He accepted our suggfestions. Soon afterwards, a second entrance was opened to the parking place. Now it is easy to park our bikes there. 二（2014 安徽卷） 为了帮助中学生健康成长，某中学英文报开辟了“HEART-TO-HEART”专栏。假设你是该栏 目的编辑 Jamie，收到一封署名为 Worried 的求助信。信中该同学向你诉说了自己的困扰： 近日容易发脾气，使正常的学习和生活受到了影响。请用英文给该同学写一封回信。 内容要点如下： 1．表示理解并给予安慰； 2．提出建议并说明理由。 注意： 1．词数 120 左右； 2．信中不能出现与本人相关的信息； 3．信的开头与结尾已为你拟好，不计入总词数。 参考词汇：temper n. 脾气，情绪 Hi Worried， I’m sorry to know that you’re having such a had time at the moment. Yours, Jamie 【参考范文】 Hi Worried, I'm sorry to know that you're having such a bad time at the moment. The truth is that everyone will have one of those periods when things seem to be going wrong, so you don't have to worry too much. The important thing is to learn to control your temper so that you may not do or say anything you’ll regret. Here are three useful tips: First, talk to someone you trust about how you feel. This is a good way of letting your anger out without hurting others or yourself. Second, go outdoors and play team games with your ftiends as physical exercise is an effective way to get rid of anger. And third, remain optimistic about your
future. Such a positive attitude towards life can be helpful in lifting your spirits. I hope you'll soon feel calmer and carry on as normal. Yours, Jamie 三（2014 大纲卷） 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 一家英语报社向中学生征文，主题是“十年后的我”、请根据下列要求和你的想象完成短文、 家庭工作业余生活 注意：1、次数 100 左右； 2、可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3. 开头语已为你写好 I often imagine what my life will be like in the future. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ____________ 【参考范文】 one Possible Version I often imagine what my life will be like in the future. I think my life will be very different in ten years. I will be twenty-eight years old by then. I will have my own family. Probably with a lovely child. I hope I will work in a computer company as a program designer. I will enjoy my work and get along well with my colleagues, I will do a good job in whatever I do. In my free time, I will continue to take regular exercise, such as swimming, running and various ball games. On my holidays, I will travel around the world. In a word, my life will be much richer and more colorful. 四（2014 福建卷） 第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 如何理解“成功”，不同的人有不同的看法。请认真阅读下面的引语( quotation)，按要求用英 语写一篇短文。 “Success is the ability to go from one failure to another with no loss of enthusiasm." - Sir Winston, Churchill 内容要求： 1．你对该引语的理解： 2．你的相关经历： 3．恰当的结尾。 注意： 1．短文开头已给出，不计入总词数： 2．文中不能出现考生的具体信息： 3．词数：120 左右。 This quotation from Winston Churchill tells us that _____________. 【参考范文】 This quotation from Winston Churchill tells us that we shouldn't get discouraged right after failures. Rather, we should keep trying with enthusiasm. Success consists in the ability to continue efforts through failures. At the age of twelve, I got a nice bike as a birthday gift. So excited was I that I couldn't wait to try my hand at riding it. However, it was harder than expected. The bike seemed too heavy and
difficult to control. Worse still, I took many falls off the bike. I was about to give up when my father came and encouraged me to keep going. With more practice, I did better and better. Looking back, I feel I wouldn't be able to ride a bike had I lost heart. Actually, we can't succeed in everything we try. What's important is that we should stick at it. 五（2014 广东卷） 第一节 基础习作 你接受一项写作任务，要为当地英语晚报写一篇报道。 ［写作内容］ 请根据以下信息写一篇英文报道，内容包括： 人物：英国人查理德· 阿维斯（Richard Avis） 出生日期：1974 年 12 月 1 日 时间：2011 年开始在世界各地寻找同年同月同日生的人 目的：理解不同文化中成功人生的含义 相关信息： · 借助当地媒体寻找 · 迄今找到 32 名，其中男性 17 名，女性 15 名，来自 13 个国家 · 职业包括政府官员、运动员、司机、教师、艺术家等 · 计划 40 岁生日前找到 40 位同年同月同日生的人 · 打算根据此经历写一本书 ＊ 同年同月同日生的人：time twin ［写作要求］ 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容 ［评分标准］ 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。 【参考范文】 Richard Avis, a British, was born on December 1st, 1974. In order to understand the meaning of successful life in different cultures, Richard, from 2011, began to seek time twins around the world. With the help of the local media, he has already found 32 time twins from 13 countries, of whom there are 17 males and 15 females. Their positions include government officials, athletes, drivers, teachers, artists and so on. Richard intends to find 40 time twins before his birthday and he is going to write a book based on this experience. （2014 广东卷） 第二节 读写任务（共 1 小题；满分 25 分） 阅读下面短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Oseola McCarty spent more than 75 years washing and ironing other people’s clothes. As a laundrywoman, she was paid only a few dollars each time. Certainly nobody would consider her rich, so they were all amazed when Miss McCarty decided to donate $ 150,000 to the University of Southern Mississippi. The money was i … me savings. She could save such a large amount of money because she lived a very simple life. She never learned to drive, and when she wanted to go somewhere, she just walked. She never flew to anywhere till the donation（捐助） ，and in 50 years she had been out of the South only once. The house in which she lived was also a rather modest one her last uncle left her. Only after she became known in America did she begin to travel all over the country. Since then, she had been the subject of many interviews and articles and was even invited to the White
House. Her donation was for students who clearly needed financial help. She herself left school in the sixth grade and had never married or had children. She said to the reporters that the idea of helping somebody’s child go to college gave her much pleasure. [写作内容] 1. 用约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容。 2. 用约 120 个词就 Miss McCarty 的捐助谈谈你的想法，内容包括： （1） 你如何看待她的捐助行为； （2） 你认为她的捐助对受惠学生有哪些影响； （3） 如果你自己要捐助，你会选择哪个群体并陈述理由。 [写作要求] 1. 作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用 原文的句子。 2. 作文中不得出现真实姓名和学校名称。 [评分标准] 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。 【写作指导】 本文要求首先叙述短文内容： 别人眼里很贫穷的却为别人捐了$ 150,000。 该部分一定要简洁 扼要，不要使用过多的复杂句式，容易超过字数限制。 然后就如何看待她的捐助行为，捐助行为的影响，以及如果你捐助，你会选择什么群体。分 别展开阐述。本文是是由一般现在时，在谈自己的看法时使用第一人称。考生可以用自己的 亲身经历为例进行详细说明。 本文给考生自由发挥的余地很大。 对于考生的综合能力要求较高， 要求考生有很强的谋篇布 局的能力和组织要点的能力。在完成开放性作文时，首先要选择自己熟悉的短语或者句型， 在你的能力范围之内，选择句式时要赋予变化，因为这样你才可以更好的驾驭。 六（2014 湖北卷） 第二节：短文写作（共 1 题；满分 30 分） 请根据以下提示，并结合具体事例，用英语写一篇短文。 Small things make a big difference. The small things we do can make us a responsible member of the society. 注意：①无须写标题； ②除诗歌外，文体不限； ③内容必须结合你生活中的具体事例； ④文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称； ⑤词数不少于 120，如引用提示语则不计入总词数。 【参考范文】 It isn’t hard to grow up into a responsible member of society. I can well remember an incident that happened on a rainy Sunday afternoon. I was on my way to the bookstore and was waiting for the green light at a crossing when a girl of about ten was knocked down by a passing car, which drove off quickly. A man immediately rushed to the girl to give her first aid and I joined in without hesitation. Luckily she was not badly injured and we sent her to the nearest hospital. Compared with the escaped driver, I am proud of what I did. As a member of the society, I am aware that being responsible is what it takes to make a better society.
七（2014 湖南卷） 学校正在组织科技创新大赛，你想为日常生活中某件物品（如钢笔、书包、鞋子……)设计 添加新功能来参赛。请以“My Magic ”为题写一篇英语短文，介绍你的创意。 内容： 1.说明设计理由 2.介绍新功能。 注意: 1.词数不少于 120 个； 2.不能使用真实姓名和学校名称。 【写作指导】 本文属于开放性的作文，要求你想为日常生活中某件物品（如钢笔、书包、鞋子……)设计 添加新功能来参加科技创新大赛。 本文的基本时态是一般现在时， 人称以第一人称和第三人 称相结合。要点：1. 学校正在组织科技创新大赛，你想为钢笔设计添加新功能来参赛。 2. 钢笔里面加录音笔， 可以在课堂上做广泛使用， 可以把老师的课堂内容录下来课后复习巩固。 添加 Mp3 功能，休息时间可以听音也来放松等；3.介绍钢笔可以用作录音笔，用作 Mp3， 收音机等。 本文对于考生的综合能力要求较高，要求考生有很强的谋篇布局的能力和组织要点的能力。 在完成开放性作文时，首先要选择自己熟悉的短语或者句型，在你的能力范围之内，选择句 式时要赋予变化，因为这样你才可以更好的驾驭。同时也要选择合适的连接词，把各个要点 组织成一个完整的整体。 八（2014 江苏卷） 81. 阅读下面短文，并按照要求用英语写一篇 150 词左右的文章。 When we read newspapers, we often come across such English words as "AIDS" and "PK." When we watch TV, we frequently hear words like "NBA" or "PM2.5." When we speak, we automatically use words like "OUT" or "Bye-bye." English words and expressions like these are getting popular. They have already become part of our daily language. And 239 English words have been included in the latest Dictionary of Contemporary Chinese. The inclusion has started a heated discussion. A group of scholars signed a letter of complaint over the inclusion of these English words, which, they think, goes against Chinese language policies. They not only worry that Chinese is borrowing an increasing number of English words but are also concerned that the inclusion may hurt the dignity of the Chinese language. However, others are in favor of the inclusion because it is hard to say whether it will threaten the Chinese language. They believe the selection is mostly a result of their function and use in daily life. 【写作内容】 1. 用约 30 个单词写出上文概要； 2. 用约 120 个单词发表你的观点，内容包括： （1）支持或反对汉语词典收录英语词汇； （2）用 2-3 个理由或论据支撑你的观点。 【写作要求】 1.可以支持文中任一观点，但必须提供理由或论据； 2.阐述观点或提供论据时,不能直接引用原文语句; 3.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称； 4.不必写标题。 【评分标准】
内容完整，语言规范，语篇连贯，词数适当。 【写作指导】 本文属于任务型写作， 要求简单描述短文内容并就短文内容发表个人的观点。 仍然属于议论 文的范围。所以使用一般现在时和第三人称。本文讨论的话题是：很多英语单词进入中文词 典。要求针对这个现象发表个人观点。要点：1.简述短文：很多英语单词进入中文词典。 ； 2.发表观点：支持者：随着学习英语的人越来越多，人们也能理解这些词的意思，不影响阅 读。而且这是文化融合的一种表现。反对者：这是一种文化污染，会影响这些词的纯真的发 音等，同时对于那些英语不好的人还是一种偏见等； 本文要特别注意思想的辩证性，看待问题要一分为二，不能绝对化。写作时要注意尽量使用 自己熟悉的单词句式，同时也要注意使用高级词汇和高级句型使文章显得更有档次。 【参考范文】 支持： Today, more and more English words find their way into the Chinese language. Even the Dictionary of Contemporary Chinese includes 239 English words. Some people support it while others do not. Generally, I am in favour of the inclusion. As the number of English learners is on the rise, it's not difficult for them to understand these words in Chinese contexts. Besides, it is, on some occasions, more convenient to use English words. Most people nowadays use "IT" instead of its translation " xinxi jishu. " In our global village, we can see that it's not uncommon for one language to borrow words from other languages. In English, there are many words borrowed from Latin, French, or even Chinese. In fact. Chinese has never stopped taking words from other languages, say, "ganhu" or "minzhu" from Japanese. So, it's safe to conclude that it is reasonable to include English which facilitates daily communication. 反对： With English words getting popular in both media and daily life, a Chinese dictionary has included 239 of them, leaving the public divided into two opposing groups: "For" and "Against." I tend to take the " Against" side for two reasons. Firstly, this inclusion has actaally polluted our motlier tongue. Sooner or later, many English accents will rise and fall with the four Chinese tones. And, rules don't tell us how to pronounce such English-turned Chinese words as "wifi" and "Out" in a Chinese way! Secondly, such an inclusion may give rise to prejudices of the educated against those with little knowledge of English. Just for one illustration, while college students take " Bye-bye" for granted when parting from each other, it may unconsciously hurt the feelings of someone who is used to "zaijian." In short, not only has the inclusion poisoned Chinese, it may also bring about distance between the Chinese people. 九（2014 江西卷） 假定你是星光中学的高中毕业生李华，母校将为高一新生举办主题为“What to learn in senior high school?”的英语沙龙活动，特邀请你结合自身经历谈谈自己的体会。请根据以下提示准 备一份英语发言稿。 1.学会学习：方法，习惯等； 2.学会做人：真诚，友善； 3.学会其他：考生自拟。 注意：1.词数 120 左右；
2.发言稿开头和结尾已给出，不须抄在答题卡上，不计入总次数。 Good morning, everyone! It is my honor to be here to share with you my opinions on what to learn in senior high school. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Thank you! 【参考范文】 Good morning, everyone! It is my honour to be here to share with my opinions on what to learn in senior high school. In the coming three years , our school life will be challenging. First ,we should learn to learn efficiently. Personally, I used to try effective method to achieve my academic goals. Developing a goood habit is also of importance. It really benefited me a lot to preview lessons, get actively involved in class, and review what had been taught after class. In addition, we should learne how to get along well with others. In school, I respected teachers and was friendly with classmates. It was with sincerity and faithfulness that we created a harmonious atmosphere. Finally, we should take part in sports and outdoors activities frequently. They were really helpful to build up my body and enrich my school life. No pains no gains. I am sure that with great efforts ,you will enjoy a colorful and fruitful life here. Thank you! 十（2014 辽宁卷） 假定你是学生会主席李华。 学校将举办一次以”校园生活， 创意无限” （innovations on campus） 为主题的创意作品展评活动。请你根据以下图示，以短文形式用英语写一份书面通知。 注意：1．词数 100 左右； 2．可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 3. 开头及结尾已为你写好，不计入总词数。 参考词汇：校园 campus 创意作品 innovation 颁奖 prize-giving 【考点】考察看图作文 【参考范文】 One Possible Version Notice An exciting event “Innovations on Campus” is around the corner. Every one of you is expected to be part of the event which encourages creative minds and gives full play to your DIY skills. Note that your innovations must be school things. Along with your wonderful innovation, you need to hand in a report, explaining how the idea occurs to you and what materials you use. All the collections will be on show from June 16 to 18 in the gym. Looking forward to the prize-giving ceremony? Sure! It’ll be held from 15:00 to 17:00 on June 18. So don’t miss the chancc of being the winner. Your contribution will certainly make the event a huge success. For any questions, call Li Hua at 44876655. Come on, everybody! It’s your show time. Student Union 十一（2014 山东卷） 某英文报社组织题为“我喜欢的英语谚语”征文活动，你有意参加。请从下面两句谚语中任选 一句作为标题写一篇英语作文，内容须包括：1.该谚语的含义；2.体现该谚语含义的个人经
历。 ① A friend in need is a friend indeed. ②Where there’s a will, there’s a way. 注意：1.词数：120-150； 2.文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称。 参考词汇：谚语 proverb 【写作指导】 本文属于议论文，要求考生从 A friend in need is a friend indeed.和 Where there’s a will, there’s a way.这两个谚语中选择一个作为话题说明自己的观点。所以本文可以使用一般现在时（在 叙述个人经历时使用过去时）和第一人称。 要点： 1. Where there’s a will, there’s a way.告诉我们遇见事情要有坚韧不拔的毅力， 坚持到底 就可以获得成功。2.个人经历：一次数学考试中遇见了一道难题，刚开始时想不到合适的解 题方法，但是自己没有放弃，最后成功地算出了这道题。 本文要求考生首先理解谚语内容， 然后根据谚语内涵从个人或者熟悉的人的经历中找出与之 适合的事例。写作时注意语言组织以及串联词的使用。上下文意思连贯，符合逻辑关系，一 定要契合给出的开头，不能出现文章脱节问题。 【一句多译】 有一个古老的谚语： Where there’s a will, there’s a way”有志者，事竟成。它告诉我们要坚持 自己的目标不放弃。 （1） There is an old saying“ Where there’s a will, there’s a way”， which tell us to stick to our goal. （2）There is an old saying“ Where there’s a will, there’s a way”，telling us to stick to our goal. 十二（2014 陕西卷） 假定你是中学生李华。 美国一个中学校长代表团即将访问你校并出席英语周的一项活动。 请 根据写作要点和写作要求写一篇欢迎词。 写作要点： 1.表示对客人的欢迎； 2.介绍此项活动（如活动目的、内容等） ； 3.表达对客人的祝愿。 写作要求： 1.词数不少于 100； 2.称呼已经给出，请写欢迎词正文； 3.不能使用真实姓名和学校名称。 Dear American guests, _____________________________________________________________________ 【参考范文】 Dear American Guest, On behalf of our school, I would like to express our warm welcome to you. We are lucky to have you here in the middle of our English Week Activities. As scheduled, we have English Talent Show today. The purpose of this program is to develop our interest in English learning and practical abilities in listening and speaking. The programme consists of the following activities: recitation, singing, word spelling, story telling and so on. The Show will begin at two o’clock this afternoon at the Student Centre. Dear guests, you are welcome to take part in some activities. I hope we students will benefit from your presence. I sincerely wish you a pleasant time with us. Thank you.
十三（2014 四川卷） 假设你是李夏，你的美国笔友 Sam 来信关心你参加商考的情况，请根据以下要点回信告知。 1. 考试日期与科目； 2. 考试准备情况； 3. 考试时的状态； 4. 对试题的感受； 5. 可能的考试结果。 注意： 1. 词数 120 左右； 2. 开头语和结尾语已为你写好； 3. 可以适当增加细节.以使行文连贯； 4. 文中不能出现考生真实姓名和学校名称。 参考词汇：college entrance examination Dear Sam, Thank you for your concern. 【参考范文】 Dear Sam, Thank you for your concern. Well, I’m now taking the once-a-year college entrance examination. We are scheduled to attend the exam on June 7th and 8th, on the first day of which Chinese and math will be tested, the second day geography, history, politics and English. Over the past ten months, we have been busy in preparing for this examination. Besides listening to teachers carefully in class, we often work deep into night. Therefore, I believe I can succeed. At first, I felt a little bit nervous but soon I calmed down because Chinese and math, I came to realize, were very easy and English is my favorite subject, you know. So I suppose I can get a good mark which will enable me to enter my ideal college. Best wishes! Yours, Li Xia 十四第二节： 书面表达（满分 25 分） （2014 天津卷） 假设你是晨光中学高二(1)班的班长李津， 得知美国学生 Chris 作为交换生， 下学期将到 你班学习。 请你根据以下提示， 给他写封邮件： （1） 表示欢迎 （2） 介绍与本地生活相关的信息（如天气， 饮食等） （3） 介绍本班情况 （4） 希望 Chris 做哪些事情， 以增进中美学生之间的了解和友谊 注意： （1） 请勿提及与考生相关的真实信息。 （2） 可适当加入细节， 使内容充实，行文连贯。 （3） 词数不少于 100； 开头已给出， 不计入总词数。 （4） 参考词汇： 交换生 exchange student Dear Chris, I’m Li Jin, monitor of Class One, Grade Eleven.
【写作指导】 本文属于提纲类短文，要求以李津的口吻给 Chris 写信，介绍具体情况。所以本文使用一般 现在时和第一人称。要点：1.表示欢迎；2 介绍与本地生活相关的信息（如天气， 饮食等） ； 3.介绍本班情况希望 Chris 做哪些事情，以增进中美学生之间的了解和友谊。 写作时不要仅仅对要点进行生硬的翻译，而是要添加些内容，使文章看起来更充实，要组成 一篇通顺连贯的短文，一定要有自己添加的内容，以让文章更为丰富。需要注意紧扣文章主 题，给出的要点都需要包括，缺一不可。 十五（2014 新课标 I） 假定你是李华，计划暑假间去英国学习英语，为期六周。下面的广告引起了你的注意，请给 该校写封信，询问有关情况（箭头所指内容） 注意：1．词数 100 左右； 2．可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 3．参考词汇：住宿-accommodation 【参考范文】 Dear Sir/ Madam, I am a student in China and I plan to go to Britain to attend a summer school during the vacation. I’ve seen your ad, and I’d like to know something more about your six-week English course. First when will the course start and how many class hours are there per week? Besides, I wish there would not be too many students in a class. I’d also like to know how much I have to pay for the course and whether accommodation is included Would there be host family or university dormitory? I am looking forward to your early reply. Yours faithfully, Li Hua 十六（2014 新课标 II） 一家英语报社向中学生征文，主题是“十年后的我”、请根据下列要求和你的想象完成短文、 1、 家庭 2、 工作 3、 业余生活 注意：1、次数 100 左右；2、可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯；3. 开头语已为你写好 I often imagine what my life will be like in the future. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ __________________ 【参考范文】 one Possible Version I often imagine what my life will be like in the future. I think my life will be very different in ten years. I will be twenty-eight years old by then. I will have my own family. Probably with a lovely child. I hope I will work in a computer company as a program designer. I will enjoy my work and get along well with my colleagues, I will do a good job in whatever I do. In my free time, I will continue to take regular exercise, such as swimming, running and various ball games. On my holidays, I will travel around the world. In a word, my life will be much richer and more colorful. 十七 cerely, Li Yue
（2014 浙江卷 ） 学校图书馆需要购置一批新书， 现向学生征求意见。假如你是李越，你认为学校图书馆最 需要购置科普类图书（popular science books）和文学类图书（literary books） 。请你用英语给 图书馆王老师写一封 100—120 词的信，推荐这两类书，并分别说明推荐理由。 注意：信的抬头与落款已给出（不计入词数） 。 Dear Mr. Wang, _______________________________________________________________________________ Yours sincerely 【参考范文】 Dear Mr. Wang, Knowing that our library is going to buy books, I’d like to give some suggestions. What we need most are popular science books. Usually popular science books explain basic principles of nature in a simple and interesting way. They help us understand science subjects better and arouse our curiosity about scientific discoveries. In addition to reading for knowledge, we read for fun and inspiration. That is why I recommend another category of books：literary books. Classic works, written by masters, present great thoughts through fascinating stories and language. They not only offer us joy and excitement, but also encourage us to think critically. I’ll be glad if you can consider my recommendation. Yours sincerely, Li Yue 十八（2014 重庆卷 ） 写作一(满分 15 分）请结合材料，按要求用英文写作。 “ My friend falls, I laugh ； my phone falls, I cry. ” 要求:(1)就此材料发表你的看法； (2)紧扣材料,有明确的观点； (3)词数不少于 60; (4)在答题卡上作答。 【写作指导】 本文属于开放性作文，根据材料：My friend falls, I laugh; my phone falls , I cry. “朋友摔倒了， 我笑了。我的手机摔了，我哭了”。这句话说明现在人们过度使用手机，而忽略了现实生活 中的友谊。可以写成议论文，讨论手机过对使用，影响现实交流。使用一般现在时和第三人 称。 要点：1.现在人们过度使用手机，忽视了现实中人与人之间的交流，产生了很多的问题。2 反对过分使用手机，鼓励人们积极参加各种活动，在现实中与更多的人交流。 紧扣文章主题，给出的要点都需要包括，缺一不可。写作时注意准确运用时态，上下文意思 连贯，符合逻辑关系，一定要契合给出的开头，不能出现文章脱节问题。尽量使用自己熟悉 的单词句式，同时也要注意使用高级词汇和高级句型使文章显得更有档次。 【一句多译】 人们滥用手机，忽视了现实生活中与他人的联系。 ① People abuse mobile phones, ignoring the true relationship with their friends. ② People abuse mobile phones, which makes them ignore the true relationship with their friends. （2014 重庆卷 ） 写作二 (满分 20 分）
青少年研究专家 Susan Beacham 在自己的英文网站上开辟专栏,邀请大家分享心目中的“最 好礼物”。她认为,礼物贵在心意，应为之付出时间和精力。 假设你是李华，请用英文发帖,内容应包括： l 赞同 Susan 的看法 l 你收到或送出的最好礼物是什么 l 该礼物的意义 l 期待大家回复 注意:（1)词数不少于 80; （2）符合语言规范； （3）在答题卡上作答； （4）开头已给出（不计入总词数)。 I am a high school student from China.___________________________ 【写作指导】 本文要求你以李华的口吻描述你对于 Susan 持有的“礼物贵在心意， 应为之付出时间和经历” 观点的态度。属于议论文写作，所以使用一般现在时和第一人称。 要点：1.赞成 Susan 的看法。2.举例说明你收到的最好的礼物（朋友之间用心做的一张生日 卡片）等；3.该礼物说明朋友对我的感情是真挚的，生虽然礼物不贵重，但是情义很重。4. 期待大家的回复。 【一句多译】 一天，当我打开书本的时候，我发现了附在第一页上一张漂亮的卡片，给了我最好的祝福。 ① One day, when I opened my book, I found a beautiful card attached to the first page, giving me best wishes. ② One day, when I opened my book, I found a beautiful card attached to the first page, which gave me best wishes.
1. There be / used to be There is/ are…doing sth. / There are some differences between… 2. On the way to school, I saw sb./ sth. doing … When I was/ did sth…., I did… When I was/ did…I saw/ found/ heard sb./ sth. doing…/ in…. be about to do sth. when sth. happened I was doing… when sb. did…. 3. Do sth., and / or you will do sth If …do sth, sb. will do…. 4. Instead of doing sth, we will do sth. / did sth. do/did… instead of doing … 5. I did sth. so …./ I do sth. because…/ sb. did sth, but… I prefer sth. / to do sth. because… 6. Something should be done (in order) to do sth. so…. that… 7. Great changes have taken place in …in recent years. 8. Doing sth. is /does… 9. make / find / think it + adj / n. to do sth.
10. Compared with…, sth. is more…… Compared to what it used to be… 11. It is + adj./n (for sb.) to do sth. 12. with +宾语+doing/done/todo, 主句结构 13. Some people are doing…. Others are doing…. Some are doing….while others are doing…. 14. I think / believe / hope / am sure that clause. 15. I didn’t do…. until 16. It takes sb. to do… 17. My suggestion is… I suggest that sb. should do…/ I suggest sb’s. doing. 18. Doing sth, I… Realizing…., sb…. 19. Only then did sb…. 20. As can be seen, … As we all know, …. As is known to us, …. 常用句型举例 句型 1. It (so) happened（chanced） that +clause. = sb. happened /chanced to do sth. =sb.did sth. by chance. 如： It happened that he was out when I got there. 当我到那儿时， 碰巧他不在。 ＝He happened to be out when I got there.= It chanced that he was out when I got there= He was out by chance when I got there. 句型 2. It seems that sb. do/ be doing/ have done/ had done= Sb. seems to do/ be doing/ have done/to be done/to have been done（还有动词 appear 等可这样使用） 如: It seemed that he had been to Beijing before.他好象以前去过北京。＝He seemed to have been to Beijing before. 句型 3. It is / was＋被强调的部分＋that(who)+剩余的部分. 如： It wasn’t until he came back that I went to bed.直到他回来我才睡觉。(一定要注意被强调 句型中的谓语动词否定的转移)。 It was because he was ill that he didn’t come to school today.只因为他有病了今天没有来上学。 （只能用 because 而不能用 for, as 或 since） It is I who am a student. 我确实是个学生。 （句中 am 不能用 are 来代替。 ） 句型 4. It is high time (time/ about time)+ (that) 主语＋should do / did+其它。 （从句中的谓语动词用的 是虚拟语气。 ） 如: It is high time that we should go / went home.我们该回家了。 句型 5. It is / was said ( reported…)＋that+从句. 如： It was said that he had read this novel.据说他读过这篇小说。 ＝He was said to have read this novel.
句型 6. It is impossible / necessary/ strange…that clause. (从句中的谓语用 should＋do / should have done，其形式是虚拟语气。) 如： It is strange that he should have failed in this exam.真奇怪，他这次考试没有及格。 句型 7. It is + a pity/ a shame…that clause. (注意从句中的谓语动词用 should do 或 should have done 的 形式，但 should 可以省略。) 如： He didn’t come back until the film ended. It was a pity that he should have missed this film. 他直到电影结束才回来。他没有看到这部电影真可惜。 句型 8. It is suggested / ordered/ commanded /…that +clause. (从句的谓语动词用 should do, 但 should 可以省略。) 如： It is suggested that the meeting should be put off.有人建议推迟会议。 句型 9. It is/was＋表示地点的名词＋where+从句。 （注意本句不是强调句型，而是以 where 引导的定 语从句。 ） 如： It was this house where I was born.请比较：It was in this house that I was born. (后一句是 强调句型。) 句型 10. It is / was +表示时间的名词＋when+从句。 （注意本句型也不是强调句型，而是以 when 引导 的定语从句。 ） 如： It was 1999 when he came back from the United States. 请比较： It was in 1999 that he came back from the United States. 句型 11. It is well-known that＋从句。 如： It is well-known that she is a learned woman.众所周知，她是个知识渊博的妇女。 句型 12. It is +段时间＋since+主语＋did. 请比较： It was +段时间＋since+主语＋had done. 如： It is five years since he left here.他已经离开这儿五年了。 It was five years since he left here.（同上） 注意下列句型的翻译:It is five years since he lived here. 他从这儿搬走已经有五年了。 句型 13. It +谓语＋段时间＋before+主语＋谓语.（ before 引导的是时间状语从句。 ） 如： It wasn’t long before the people in that country rose up.没有多久那个国家的人民就起义了。 It will be three hours before he comes back.三个小时之后他才能回来。 句型 14. It is +形容词(possible, impossible, necessary 等) ＋for+ sb.+ to do. 如： It is impossible for me to finish this work before tomorrow.我明天之前完成此工作是不可 能的。 句型 15.
It is +（心理品质方面的）形容词＋of + sb. + to do. = 主语+ be +形容词＋to do.(常用的形容 词有：kind, stupid; foolish, good, wise 等。) 如： It is kind of you to help me.＝You are kind to help me.你真好给我提供了帮助。 句型 16. 由 as 引导的非限定性的定语从句。 如： As we have known, he is a most good student.众所周知，他是个很好的学生。请比较：It is well-known that he is a most good student.（前一个是定语从句，而后者是个主语从句。 ） 句型 17. 由 which 引导的非限定性的定语从句。 如： He is a professor, which I have been looking forward to becoming. 他是个教授，那是我一 直盼望的职业。 （因为先行词 professor 是表示职业的名词， 因此引导词用 which， 而不用 who。 句型 18. 由 where, when 引导的定语从句（其中包括限定性的或非限定性的。 ）如： This is the house where I used to come. 请比较：This is the house which / that I used to come to. This is the day when I joined the Party. 请比较：This is the day which / that I joined the Party on. （说明：关于 that 与 which 之间的区别，请看关系代词 that 和 which 的区别。 ） 句型 19. No matter what / which / who / where / when / whose＋从句， ＋主句.(注意从句中的时态一般情 况下用一般现在时态。) 如： No matter what you do, you must do it well.请比较：Whatever you do, you must do it well. 无论你做什么，一定要做好。 No matter where you go, please let me know.请比较：Wherever you go, please let me know.你无 论去哪儿，请通知我。 （说明：这两种句型形式不同，而意义完全相同。 ） （注意：I will tell whoever would like to read it. 句中的 whoever 不能用 whomever 来代替。 因为它即作动词 tell 的宾语，又作后面从句的主语。 ） 句型 20. When / So long as / As long as / Once +从句，＋主句。 （从句也可以放在主句之后。 ） 如： As long as you give me any money, I will let you go.只要你给我一些钱，我就让你走。 Once you have begun to learn English, you should learn it well. 一旦你开始学习英语， 你应该把 它学好。 句型 21. 主句＋unless+从句.(注意：由于 unless 本身是否定词，所引导的从句的谓语动词用肯定而不 用否定。) 如： I will go there tomorrow unless it rains.我明天去那儿除非下雨。 句型 22. 祈使句，＋and/ and then+主句。 （注意：祈使句也可用一个名词短语。 ） 如： Use your head, and you will find a good idea.动脑筋想一想，你就会想出一个好主意。 Another word, and I will beat you.你再说一句，我就揍你。 句型 23. If +necessary / impossible/ important 等，＋主句.(注意：if 与形容词之间的 it is 被省略。)
如： If necessary, I will do it. 如果有必要的话，我来做此事。 句型 24. 主句＋in case+从句.（in case 表示以免）如： I will take my raincoat in case it rains.我要把雨衣带上以免下雨。 句型 25. 主句＋due to / because of / owning to / + the fact that +从句。 如： He did not come to school because of the fact that he was ill.由于他有病了，所以没有来上 学。 句型 26. When / While / As +从句，＋主句. 如： When I was in the country, I used to carry some water for you.当我在农村时，我常常给你打水。 句型 27. 主句＋after / before +从句. 如：They hadn’t been married four months before they were devoiced.他们结婚不到四个月就离 婚了。 We went home after we had finished the work.我们做完此工作就回家了。 句型 28. 主语＋肯定谓语＋until＋从句.请比较：主语＋否定谓语＋until+从句. 如： I worked until he came back.我一直工作到他回来。 I didn’t worked until he came back.他回来我才开始工作。 句型 29. As soon as / Immediately / Directly / Instantly / The moment / The instant / The minute +从句，＋ 主句. 如： My father went out immediately I got home.我一到家，我父亲就出去了。 句型 30. No sooner +had + 主 语 ＋ done…than + 主 语 ＋ did. 请 比 较 ： 主 语 ＋ had + no sooner +done…than +主语＋did. 如： No sooner had I got to Beijing than I called you.我一到北京就给你打电话了。 请比较： I had no sooner got to Beijing than I called you. 句型 31. Hardly/Scarcely/ Rarely +had +主语＋done…when / before + 主语＋did. 请比较：主语＋had +hardly/Scarcely/ Rarely + done…when / before +主语＋did. Hardly had she had supper when she went out. 她一吃完晚饭就出去了。 请比较： She had hardly had supper when she went out. 句型 32. By the time+从句，＋主句.（注意时态的变化。 ） 如： By the time you came back, I had finished this book.到你回来时，我已经写完了这本书。 By the time you come back, I will have finished this book.到你回来时，我将写完这本书了。 句型 33. each / every time +从句，＋主句. (这时相当于 whenever 或 no matter when 引导的从句。从句 也可放在主句之后。)
如： Each time he comes to Harbin, he always drops in on me.每当他来哈尔滨，总是顺便来看 看我。 句型 34. Where +从句，＋主句. 如： Where there is no rain, farming is difficult or impossible.哪里没有雨水，种庄稼是很难的 或者是不可能的。 句型 35、Anywhere / Wherever+从句，＋主句. 如： Anywhere I go, my wife goes too.无论我去哪儿，我的妻子也去哪儿。请比较： I will go wherever you suggest.你建议我去哪儿，我就去哪儿。 句型 36. 主句＋in order that / so that +从句. 如： I got up early in order that I could catch the first bus.我起得很早，以便能赶上早班车。 句型 37. 主句＋for +sb. +to do.（注意动词不定式复合结构在这儿作目的状语。 ） 如： He came here for me to work out this problem.他来这儿叫我帮他解出这道难题。 句型 38. 主句＋so that+从句. 如： It was very cold, so that the river froze.天气很泠，因此河水结冰了。 句型 39. So+形容词/ 副词＋特定动词(助动词或系动词)＋主语＋…＋that+从句. 如： So interesting is this book that I would like to read it again.这本书那么有趣， 我想再读一遍。 句型 40. 主语＋谓语＋such+名词＋that+从句. 如：He made such rapid progress that he was praised by the teacher.他进步很快， 老师表扬了他。 句型 41. 主句＋only +to do sth. (only 和动词不定式一起作结果状语) 如：I woke up very late only to find that my wife had gone to work. 我醒得很晚，结果发现我的 妻子已经上班了。 句型 42. The +形容词比较级……， （主句）the +形容词比较级＋…… 如： The sooner you do it, the better it will be.越早越好。 句型 43. 主语＋谓语＋as +形容词原级＋as +被比较的对象. 如： He is as busy as a bee.他非常忙。 句型 44. 主语＋谓语＋the＋形容词比较级＋of / between … 如：He is the taller of the two.他们俩人中他高。 句型 45. 主语＋谓语＋倍数＋as＋形容词原级＋as＋被比较的对象. 如： This room is three times as large as that one. 这个房间是那个房间的三倍大。 （这个房间比那个房间大两倍。 ） 句型 46. 主语＋谓语＋百分数 / 倍数＋形容词比较级＋ than＋被比较的对象 .如： This city is twice larger than ours.这个城市比我们城市大两倍。 The early rice output in that commune was 200%
more than that of 2001.那个公社的早稻产量是 2001 年的两倍。 句型 47. 主语＋谓语＋the size / length/ width/ height +of +被比较的对象. 如： Our building is twice the height of yours. 我们的大楼是你们大楼的两倍高。 句型 48. It doesn’t matter wh-+从句。 如： It doesn’t matter to me what you will do tomorrow. 你明天做什么与我无关。 It doesn’t matter whether you will come or not. 你来不来无关紧要。 句型 49. 形容词/ 副词 / 名词（可数单数）+as / though +主语＋谓语，＋主句. 如： Young as he is, he knows a lot.虽然他很小，但他知道得很多。 Hard he works, I am sure that he can’t pass this exam. 虽然他学习很努力，这次考试他肯定不能及格。 Child as he is, he knows a lot.虽然他是个孩子，但他懂得很多。 句型 50. Were / Should / Had +主语＋谓语，＋主句. 如 Were I you, I would have gone there yesterday.如果我是你的话，昨天我就去那儿了。 句型 51 Only +状语＋特定动词＋主语＋谓语… 如：Only by this means can I do this work well. 只有用那种方式我才能做好此工作。 Only because he was ill did he not come to school. 只因为他有病了才没有来上学。 Only then did I realize that I had been wrong. 只有那时，我才认识到我错了。 句型 52 Not only +特定动词＋主语＋谓语…but also+主语＋谓语… 如：Not only did he learn English well but also he spoke French very well. 他不但英语学得好， 而且法语讲得很流利。 句型 53 Whether…or…, neither…nor…, either…or… 如：Whether he will come or not isn’t important. 他不来不重要。 句型 54 主语＋doubt＋whether + 从句. 请比较： 主语＋特定否定词＋doubt＋that＋从句. 如： I don’t doubt that he will come this afternoon. 我确信他下午一定能来。