tceic.com
简单学习网 让学习变简单
相关标签
当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

高考英语语法填空解题技巧与练习


高考英语语法填空解题技巧与练习 语法填空的考查范围: 1 语境(上下文);2 语法: 动词(时态、语态、主谓一致、非谓语形式)、名词、代词、冠词、介词、 连词 固定搭配、情态动词、复合句、形容词和副词的比较级最高级及构词 法、倒装等。 语法填空的能力要求: 1.阅读/理解语篇的能力 2.分析句子结构的能力 3.熟练运用语法的能力 4.单词拼写能力和逻辑推理能力等,对中下层考生来说

,难度较大。 重点复习:掌握句子的基本结构 首先,我们必须熟练掌握简单句的基本句型结构: (1)主语+谓语(+宾语+宾补) (2)主语+系动词+表语 其次,我们要充分了解充当各个句子成分的典型词类: (1 充当主语或宾语的典型词类是名词或代词。此外,还有动名词、不定式 短语等。 (2 充当谓语的一定是动词。 (3 充当补语或表语的典型词类是形容词。 (4 在名词前作定语的典型词类是形容词或形容词性物主代词。 (5 作状语的典型词类是副词。 再次,我们还要掌握句子的扩展结构:两个或几个简单句之间若不用句号 或分号,就必须要用连词,否则,句子的结构就不完整。连词主要有以下 四类: (1)用 and,but,or,while(而,却),when(就在这个时候)等构成并列句。 (2if,unless,before,after,until,although,though,as,since,because

,so,so that 等构成含状语从句的复合句(这里要注意区分一下复杂句和复 合句,复合句是包含在复杂句这个概念里面的,在下文的基础写作部分有提 到)。 (3) 用 who,which,that,when,where,why 等构成含定语从句的复合句。 (这 里要提醒考生的是往往不给任何提示的空就是填连词或关系词的,但也须 结合句子结构来分析。) (4 用 that,if/whether(是否),wh-等构成含名词性从句的复合句。 解题方法:用句子结构分析法巧解语法填空.分析句子的结构对解答语法填 空题很有帮助。在解答语法填空题时,分析句子结构可以迅速确定所要填 的词语的词类或大致方向,若再结合语境就可以很快得出具体的词语或词 形,结合语境方面要特别注意短文的时态和上下文中的一些提示。 如: 阅读下面短文,根据上下文填入适当的词语,或使用括号中的词语的 适当形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡上标号的相应位置。 The Internet has become part of young people’s life. ____1____ report shows that 38% of students often use the Internet . Most of them get _____2____ (use) information on the Internet ____3____ use the Internet to help in their studies. But many students don’t use it _____4____ a good way. Some play games too much, some visit websites ____5____ shouldn’t look at. So bad things may happen ____6___ students spend too much time on the Internet. _____7____ is important for students to use the Internet properly. Now we have a textbook, _____8____ uses many examples to teach students some good ways to use the Internet. It gives useful advice. Some students also make ____9____ on the Internet. But if you want to have a face-to-face ____10_____ (meet) with your online friends, let your parents know and meet in a proper place.

一、动词(谓语/非谓语) 给出动词的原形,根据句子结构的需要给出其适当的形式。填动词形式, 首先抓住主谓结构,确定主句,剩下的部分,如有连词,则是句子,仍然 有主谓结构,否则就用非谓语;是谓语就思考时态,语态,主谓一致,是 非谓语就看主动被动,有否先后关系。 动词及动词短语辨析 主要考查的知识点:每年必考的考点,主要从以下几个角度来命题: ② 惯性用法。测试语境中动词的词义辨析;测试一些习惯用语中的动 词;测试一些系动词。 ②下列动词组成的短语:break,carry,come,get,give,go,look,pick, send,set,take,turn。英语词组的深层含义挖掘、多种含义拓宽也是当 今考题的一个热点。每年的高考英语科考试大纲中虽列出了单词和词组, 但并未注明其具体的含义,这就给命题者留下了自由的伸缩空间。所以在 复习时,不能拘泥于其在教材上的含义,要大胆地对其深层含义进行挖掘。 如:go out 便可挖掘出以下含义:出去;出国;发出去;贴出去;出去参 加社交活动;离家出去工作;压塌;(火)熄灭;过时;死去;消失;辞 职;下台;结束;罢工等。(在完形填空中多加注意) 【例 17】Two or three years ago this kind of glasses was a favorite with the children,but now it _______ . A. has gone over B. has gone out C. goes by D. is going down

【例 18】They’ve _______ us £150,000 for the house. Shall we take it? A. provided B. supplied C. shown D. offered 【例 19】To everybody’s surprise,the fashionable young lady _______ to be a thief.A found out B. proved out C. putout 1. ? Ms Chen D. turned out

(teach) me English since Junior 1, and

to show my appreciation I decided to get her a present. (广州一 模)

2. ? I was certain she would like it because I (tell) by my classmates that she loved hot food. (广州一模) 3. ? The exam, which was originally to be held in our classroom,__________ last minute. .(广州二模) 4. I had to leave work to take him to the hospital because he __________ (break) his finger. (深二模) 5. The child, Nicole Hobson, (take) by her mother to (change) to the library at the

Children's Memorial Hospital about 11 p.m., Wednesday to check ? (汕头二模) 6. A transit spokesman said the driver should call to the control center for help. (汕头二模) 7. An official from the Ministry of Education said that China follows an educational policy that abroad. (茂名二模) 8. One of them was a visitor, saying he wouldn’t have been there if he ______ (watch)the weather forecast the day before. (梅州二 模) 9. We must also consider the reaction of the person the gift. (广州一模) 10 ? With the problem achievement. .(广州二模) 11 ? I then noticed that I had just 10 minutes left_________ (complete) the rest. .(广州二模) 12. There, (place) neatly beside the empty dish ,were two nickels (solve), I felt proud of my (receive) (encourage) students to study (make) radio

and five pennies—her tip! (深一模)

13.

( compare) with the previous year, the number of students

who went abroad for study was increased by 15 ,000, or a rise of 13%. (茂名二模) 14. Storms swept along New Mexico's border with Texas on Friday, ______(destroy) homes and other buildings and injuring?(梅州二模) 15.We must practise speaking and we can. 16.but it is not enough only book. (佛山一模) 17. The television viewer makes no choice and no judgment. He is completely passive and has everything ______ (present) to him without any effort on his part. (东莞一模) 二、名词 重点复习:①掌握名词单复数的变化规律以及与相近语法的关系(名词单 复数的使用受冠词、数词和主谓一致等语法的制约,因此复习名词单复数 时,应注意分析名词前的数词、量词、冠词等修饰语情况,还应注意主谓 一致问题)。②熟悉、区别可数不可数(英语中有些名词有时为可数名词, 而有时又是不可数名词,其区别由各自不同的用法而定,这是名词可数性 用法的难点)。如:work 工作,不可数名词;著作 作品,可数;工厂 作 坊,可数;工程 工事,可数。③掌握名词所有格的表示方法和名词作定语 的用法,特别注意 else 的所有格、双重所有格的用法。 【例 7】The faces of four famous American presidents on Mount Rushmore can be seen from a _______ of 60 miles. A. length B. distance C. way D. space (memorize) rules from a grammar (write) the language whenever

考点 3 代词 主要考查的知识点:不定代词和替代词的用法,It 的用法和人称代词宾格。 复习重点:

①指代必须准确无误。②在使用人称代词、反身代词、物主代词这三类代 词时,要注意它们在句中的人称、单复数及性别与所有格的一致性。③疑 问代词的用法。④it,one,that 是高考命题锁定的三个代词。 【例 8】—Which of the three ways shall I take to the village? — A. _______ way as you please. Each B. Every C. Any D. Either

三、代词 主要考查的知识点:不定代词和替代词的用法,It 的用法和人称代词宾格。 复习重点:①指代必须准确无误。②在使用人称代词、反身代词、物主代 词这三类代词时,要注意它们在句中的人称、单复数及性别与所有格的一 致性。③疑问代词的用法。④it,one,that 是高考命题锁定的三个代词。 【例 8】—Which of the three ways shall I take to the village? — A. _______ way as you please. Each B. Every C. Any D. Either

考点 4 形容词 副词 主要考查的知识点:形容词作定语,形容词和副词的比较等级,词义比较 等。 重点复习:①形容词和副词均属修饰性词类,但因被修饰的内容有所不同 而具备不同的用法,高考非常注重对此进行考查,在完形填空和语法填空 中出现过大量此类试题。(形容词与连系动词连用及修饰名词;修饰行为 动词、形容词、副词、过去分词及整个句中用副词)②两个事物进行比较 应用比较级,三个或三个以上事物进行比较应用最高级。③形容词和副词 在特定的语境中词义的比较。④比较级的程度修饰语(much,very much, a lot,a great deal,far,by far,even,still,a bit,a little, rather,any,数词,倍数,分数,百分数等)。⑤易混副词的辨析。如: specially /especially/ particularly 等。 【例 9】—What do you think of the film we saw last night?

—I feel _______ that the film is well worth seeing once again? A. strong B. strongly C. hardly D. hard

挖掉代词,句子的结构受到破坏,句子间出现不连贯。 1. ?I patiently walked to the library, took my seat and did some deep breathing to help relax 2. The little boy pulled . (广州二模) right hand out of the pocket and

studied a number of coins in it. (深一模) 3. ?the driver did to help and even stopped once to pick

up more passengers.(汕头二模) 4.If you give your children ? that they can never do anything quite right, then they will regard 圳罗湖) 5. Some 134,000 Chinese students went to study abroad, and 120,000 of were self-funded students,?(茂名二模) spoken. as unfit or unable persons. (深

6.Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear (佛山一模) 四、冠词

主要考查的知识点:冠词的基本用法、零冠词的用法、抽象名词具体化和 固定搭配。 复习重点:(1)定冠词的用法:主要是一些记忆性的东西,比较繁杂,可 以记几个顺口溜:特指双熟悉,上文已提及;世上独无二,序数最高级; 普转专有名,习语及乐器。 ② 特指”指某些人或事物。如:The Englishmen in the dining room are having supper now. ②谈话双方都熟悉的人或事物,即“语境特指”。如:Take the medicine. ③ 上文已提及的人或事物,即“前照应特指”。如:He bought a house. I have been to the house.

④ 世界上独一无二的事物。如:The sun sets. ⑤ 序数词或形容词最高级前。如:I live on the second floor. ⑥ 由普通名词构成的专有名词前。如:The United States. ⑦ 一些习惯短语中或西洋乐器前。如:in the way,by the hour,on the other hand,all the year round,play the piano the violin. 2)不加冠词的几种情况:下列情况应免冠,代词限定名词前;专有名词不 可数,学科球类三餐饭;复数名词表泛指,两节星期月份前;颜色语种和 国名,称呼习语及头衔。 ①名词前已有作定语用的 this,that,some,any,my 等限定词。 ②专有名词和不可数名词前。如:Unity is strength. ③表示学科的名词前。如:Economics is different from politics. ④球类活动的名词及三餐总称前。如:He likes playing football and always has supper outside. ⑤复数名词表示泛指(一类人或事物)时。 如:They are students and we are teachers. ⑥节日、季节、星期、月份前。如:Spring follows winter. We have few classes on Sunday. ⑧ 表示颜色、 语种和国家的非全称名词前。 如: White is a beautiful color in China. ⑨ 在称呼语或表示头衔的名词前。如:Where is Dad,Mum?Bush was made president of the USA again. ⑩ 某些习惯短语中。如:in bed,in spite of,by chance,lose heart, catch fire,catch sight of,go to school,find fault with,make use of,take exception to(反对)。(零冠词在语法填空的练习中只 出现过一次, 正规模拟考试中没有出现过, 我们只作了解, 不作为重点。 ) 3)不定冠词的几种特殊用法: ①专有名词前用不定冠词,表示“像??的一个人或物”。如:He thinks he is a Napoleon.

②姓名前用不定冠词,表示“某个叫??的人”,多指不认识的人。如:A Miss Smith came to see you that afternoon. ③用于某些物质名词前,表示“一种、一份、一阵”等。如:—What would you like to drink?—A tea and a coffee. ④用于某些抽象名词前, 使抽象概念具体化。 这种用法的名词有 surprise, knowledge,success,failure,pleasure,interest,joy 等等。如:All his efforts ended in failure. ⑤不定冠词用在 population,history,area,height,weight,depth, length,speed 等词前。如:To escape the pull of the earth,a rocket must reach a speed of40,000 km h。 【例 6】Of all the subjects,I like______ history the best because it gives us _______ useful knowledge of things in the past. A. the;a B. /;a C. a; the D. a; /

1.? But my mood quickly changed when I saw_____ first question. (广州二模) 2? Then I went to the department store ? and bought her expensive gift box of Sichuan beef. .(广州一模) 3. Tom, 8—year—old boy, entered a hotel coffee shop.

4.He talked about how I wrestled with him in the evenings and _____ good many other things. (深二模) 5. I told the bus driver that my baby had just had heart operation and that she was having ____ heart failure. (汕头二模)

6.Television is not only a convenient source of entertainment, but also _____ comparatively cheap one.(东莞一模) 五、介词 介词为虚词,不能单独充当句子成分,必须同名词、代词、短语、句子构 成介词短语,才能充当句子成分。介词短语在句中常作表语、定语、状语

和补足语。介词的用法比较复杂,在英语学习中须多多注意。 想看基础知 识,请看介词。 下面我们来学点介词口诀。帮你快速记单词。 一、介词及介词短语 介词像个“游离体”, 名前动后常出现, 一旦组成“某结构”, 句中成分有一位。 “介+宾”叫“介短”, 作“形、副”句里边。 “宾补、表、定、状”, 都能用得上①。 “动+介”——动词性②, “及、不及物”谓语用。 成语、习语常固定, 应用起来有弹性。 注 ①介词后面的名词、代词或数词是介词的宾语,介词和介词宾语合成介 词短语。 介词短语在句中的语法作用相当于形容词或副词, 在句中做宾 (主) 语、补足语、表语、定语或状语。 ②“动词+介词(副词)”组成一个动词词组或短语动词,其语法作用相当 于一个及物动词或不及物动词,在句中作谓语。 二、介词在句中的位置 介词活跃句关键, 短语合成形简单, 独作成分看不见, 介短表定状可担。 before 时空在之前, after 之后 off 远。 直上 over,above 斜, under,below 下相反。 直到 till,on 表面, 穿过 through,for 因缘。 by 表旁边 in 里面, with 伴随 by 车船。 时间地点 at、in、on, 二者 between 多 among, behind 后面 beside 旁, 附近 near 沿着 along。 from 来自 like 像, 表示目的 for,to 当。 of 所属周围 round, 向上 up 向下 down。 三、on,at,in 用法巧记

on,at,in 这三个常用介词都可以表示时间和地点,但具体用法不同,多 数学生对它们混淆不清。现在只要记住了口诀,就可避免 at,on,in 的种 种误用。 1. on,in,at 表示时间 on“在具体某一天”① “当某时”,动名词, arrival,death 前; 用 in 一般“上”“下”“晚”; on 用于天,in 用于月、季、年③; 限定三时 in 要变。④ at 是个时间点, “工作”“时刻”与“圣诞”⑤。 at noon(night),in the day, 习惯用语记心间。 注:①on 表示在具体某一天及具体某一天的上午、下午和晚上。 例 On Mother's Day, we should sned flowers to our mother. 母亲节, 我们应该送花给我们的母亲。 On my arrival home,I found he had gone already.当我到家时,我发 现他已经走了。 ② 当 early, late 用于句首修饰介词短语时, 尽管表示具体某一天的上午、 下午、晚上,都要用 in,泛指一般的上、下午,晚上也用 in 。 例 Early in the morning of National Day,I got up to catch the first bus to the zoo. 国庆节一清早,我便起床去赶到动物园的第一班公共汽 车。 My father begins work at 8:00 in the morning and stops work at 4: 00 in the afternoon. 我父亲上午 8 点上班,下午 4 点下班。 ③于将来时态表示“过一段时间后” 及表示“在??期间” 和“在某个 季节,某年、某月” 都用 in。

例 I hear he’ll be back in a month.我听说他将于一个月后回来。 In the course of the last lesson in French,little Franz was listening to the master very attentively.在那最后一堂法语课中,小弗朗兹非 常用心地听着老师讲。 Xiao Ming was born in December of 2004. 小明生于 2004 年 12 月。 ④当 morning,afternoon,evening 有前位定语或后置定语限定时,就不 用 in 而用 on。 例 on a hot (summer) noon 在一个炎热(夏天)的中午 on Monday Morning 在星期一上午 on the morning of March 8th 在 3 月 8 日上午 ⑤ 表示某时某刻及在 work,Christmas 前用 at。 例 We get up at eight o’clock. 我们 8 点起床。 My father are busily at work all day. 我父亲整天忙于工作。 In western countries children get present from their parents at Christmas. 在西方国家,孩子们在圣诞节得到父亲给的礼物。 2. on,in,at 表示地点 on“在之上”接触面,“靠近、接壤、左右边”①; in“在里面”和“中间”②; at 表示小地点, “入口、车站、电影院”③; home 出现定语、冠, 须用 in 把 at 换④; “夜间、车辆”若有限, 及“在途中”on 在前⑤。 注: ①在表示地点时,指“在??之上(与表面接触)” “靠近、接壤” 及“在左右边”都用 on。 例 There is an English-Chinese dictionary and two grammar books on the big desk.那张大写字台上有一本英汉词典和两本语法书。 Korea lies on the northeast of China. 朝鲜位于中国东北方。

Tom was sitting on my left when we saw the film yesterday. 我们 昨天看电影时,汤姆坐在我左边。 ②表示“在??里面”(即物体内部),“在??中间”(即 middle 前) 都用 in。 例 Jim turned the key in the lock and opened the door. 吉姆把钥 匙插在锁孔里,转动一下,打开了门。 Soon they were in the middle of the river. 很快他们就游到了河中 间。 1.I was always told that the three Ps,?,were a sure path_______ success. (广州二模) 2."Don't be always particular _ your present work and income.

3. It began to make sense to me that I could include praise along ______ constructive criticism. (深二模) 4. He showed the public a limited edition four-wheel drive car, which is especially made _______his personal taste. (梅州一模)

5. Five were in critical condition______ head trauma(外伤, 损伤), said Liz Crouch, the center's chief operating officer. (梅州二模) 6.There is no easy way to success______ language learning 六、连词(从属连词/并列连词) A) 引导各种从句的连词叫从属连词。如名词性从句的引导词 what, who, which, when, where, whatever, whoever, whichever, whether;副词从 句引导词 where, wherever, when, if , how, unless, until ? 1. ? Many things must be considered such as person is interested in and how old he is. (广州一模) 2.My face turned red on hearing __ 3. she would point out my mother said. (惠州一 the

they had mastered and declared firmly

they could learn what they had missed. (深圳罗湖)

4.The American Academy of Pediatrics (儿科) says

children

really need for health development is more good, old-fashioned playtime.(四校联考) 5. I almost started to yell his name _____ I suddenly remembered he was in bed asleep. (深二模) 6. children believe they can succeed, they will never become

totally independent. 7. Statistics show that China carried out the opening -

up policy, a total of one million students have gone abroad for study. 8. we are satisfied with only a few rules we have memorized,

we are not really learning the language. (佛山一模) 9. Some people, however, maintain that this is precisely _________ the danger lies. B) 并列句的各种关联词叫并列连词。如 and, but, or, though, although, so? 挖掉关联词,要想补上连词,思路必须与作者思路相吻合。 1. ? I had no idea how to do it. I tried to stay positive and persevered I finally found the solution. (广州二模) 2.? I asked my classmates about her interest my final decision. (广州一模) 3.Tom, an 8—year—old boy, entered a hotel coffee shop at a table.(深一模) 4. It is difficult for parents of nearly every family to teach their children to be responsible for housework, with one of the sat I made

following suggestions, you really can get your children to help at home. (深圳罗湖) 七、情态动词

主要考查的知识点:情态动词的基本含义和用法;情态动词表推测的用法 以及“情态动词 + have+ v ed”结构等。 重点复习:① may might,can could 表 示 可 能。② must can could may might(have done)表示对过去发生事情的推测。③should ought to + have + done 表示对过去的责备。④would rather + have done 以及 had better + have done 表示后悔。 ⑤will shall 表示请求, 许可。 ⑥could might should have done 表示虚拟语气。 【例 16】—Summer Holiday is drawing near. Are you going home for the holiday? —I haven’t decided yet. I go home,but it depends on the weather. A. must B. need C. may D. will

八、形容词/副词 主要考查的知识点:形容词作定语,形容词和副词的比较等级,词义比较 等。 重点复习:①形容词和副词均属修饰性词类,但因被修饰的内容有所不同 而具备不同的用法,高考非常注重对此进行考查,在完形填空和语法填空 中出现过大量此类试题。(形容词与连系动词连用及修饰名词;修饰行为 动词、形容词、副词、过去分词及整个句中用副词)②两个事物进行比较 应用比较级,三个或三个以上事物进行比较应用最高级。③形容词和副词 在特定的语境中词义的比较。④比较级的程度修饰语(much,very much, a lot,a great deal,far,by far,even,still,a bit,a little, rather,any,数词,倍数,分数,百分数等)。⑤易混副词的辨析。如: specially /especially/ particularly 等。 【例 9】—What do you think of the film we saw last night? —I feel _______ that the film is well worth seeing once again? A. strong B. strongly C. hardly D. hard

1. One of the

(bad) gift choices I ever made was for my high school

English teacher, Ms Chen. (广州一模) 2. I put the paper aside and turned to the _____ one, at the top of which?(深二模) 3. Many other actors are __ present,?(惠州一模) 4. In 2006, over 40,000 overseas students came back, with 33,000 of them being self-fund students, 20% 九、挖掉表示起承转合的副词或副词性短语 此功能于关联词相似。只是这种副词(短语)在用法上更加灵活多变。典 型的有 though, however, also, therefore, still, besides, in addition, instead, or ,otherwise,first, second, then, finally, in a word 等 1.This, , didn’t bother me because maths had always (广州二模) . (深圳罗湖) than the year before. __ (badly)off than me at

been my strongest subject.

2. Don’t always scold and give lots of praise 十、词形变化或者词性变化.

给出单词的原形,通过句子分析,缺少什么成分,再用正确的单词形式补 充完整。这属于比较基础的单词拼写方面的能力要求。 1? Mr Chen has taught me English since Junior 1, and to show my (appreciate) I decided to get her a present. 2. ? (广州一模)

(fortunate), I then noticed that I had just 10 minutes (广州二模)

to complete the rest.

3. Some people were now waiting for her service and the waitress grew a bit (patience). (深一模) 4. “Thirty-five cents,” she said (rude). (深一模)

5. I don’t know if he placed the poem next to the failing grade to ______ (soft) the blow, but it work. (深二模) 6. I must know how to care for others and try not to them. (惠州一模) 7. you have done well and made great achievement in the _ (entertain) field. (惠一模) 8. These people have made great work.(茂名二模) 9. ?to check her (recent) inserted (插入) pacemaker. (contribute) to China with their (understand)

10.The tornadoes damaged several______(new) built buildings,?(梅 11.Numerous studies have shown that free play is very (benefit). It can help children become creative?(四校联考) 12 they can see plays, films, operas, and shows of every kind, not to mention the latest _______ (excite) football match. (东莞一 十一、特殊句型(或固定短语) 考查对固定结构(短语)的熟悉掌握程度。属于字词层面考查语法。 1.It was not long to wipe down the table. 2. ? was only after I heard she became sick that I learned the waitress came back and then she began

she couldn’t eat MSG! (广州一模) 3. So careless was I _______ I had forgotten all about that. 4.?"as a matter of _ achievement?(惠州一模) 5.When Carettson, 29, a passenger, was trying to bring life?(汕头二模) 6. The child was stricken about a mile away 十二、定语从句的引导词. the hospital. Nicole's , you have done well and made great

主要考查的知识点:引导定语从句的关系代词和关系副词的选择,非限制 性定语从句,由 whose,where,when,that,as 和“介词 + 关系代词” 引导的定语从句是高考的热点。 复习重点:①when 引导的定语从句。②where 引导的定语从句和地点状语 从句、 表语从句的区别。 ③which 引导非限制性定语从句时 (句子作先行词) 和并列句的区别。④as 引导的定语从句“such...as、the same...as”, 以及和目的 结果状语从句的辨别。⑤分隔式定语从句的识别。⑥能够区别 定语从句和同位语从句。 【例 10】I’ll never forget the days ________ I lived in the factory with the workers,_______ is a great help to my article. A. that;which B. when;which C. which;that D. when;who

必须根据定语从句的信息和先行词进行推断,从而补出引导词,这本身就 是考查逻辑思维能力。 1.?The exam, was originally to be held in our classroom,

was changed to the library at the last minute.(广州二模) 2? Then I went to the department store I worked

part-time and bought her an expensive gift box of Sichuan beef. 3. It was a poem about me, ______ included the time ?(深二模) 4. At the same time, there had been a growing number of overseas students _______came back to China after study. is

5. More and more Chinese students go abroad for study, supported by the Chinese government. (茂名二模) 十三、状语从句

主要考查的知识点:时间、目的、条件、原因、地点和让步状语从句。 重点复习:①时间状语从句,尤其是 as,since,while,when,before, until 等连接词。②when / where 引导的状语从句和定语从句的区别。③ 让步状语从句的倒装。④与非谓语动词作状语的区别和转化。

【例 11】After the war,a new school building was set up ______ there has once been a theatre. A. that B. where C. what D. who

十四、名词性从句 主要考查的知识点:名词性从句主要考查语序、时态和引导词。 重点复习:①whether,if 和 that 的区别。②that 从句和 wh- 从句的区 别。③wh- 引导的名词性从句不含疑问意义,相当于一个名词后加定语从 句。如:The book is where you left it just now.④连接代词和连接副 词的选择。 【例 12】—Excuse me,but can you tell the way to this small town? —It depends on you go. There are several ways of getting there. A. where B. how C. when D. whether

十五、 时态、语态 主要考查的知识点:动词的时态、语态是每年的必考点,也是历年高考重 点考查的项目,通常考 2~ 3 个小题。重点考查的是现在完成时、一般过 去时、过去进行时、将来完成时、完成进行时等,多和语态一起考查;且 通常以对话的形式出现且常出现两种时态混合在一起进行比较。时态理解 不准确是考生常见的错误。把握住命题人的意图是至关重要的。一般来说, 命题人在考查时态这个内容时总是设置一个语言情景来实现,所以理解语 言情景是关键,同时要在这个语言环境里找到动作发生的时间或隐含的时 间关系,只要理解了情景与动作的时间关系,对照选项,就不难把握命题 意图。注意不要断章取义,同时还要注意时态一致。 重点复习:①一般现在时和一般过去时的区别。②现在完成时和一般过去 时的区别。③一般过去时同过去完成时的区别。④一般现在时和现在进行 时以及一般过去时同过去进行时的区别。 ⑤ “系动词 + 过去分词”的用法。 如:get paid;remain covered;look lost 等形式的用法。⑥进行时态的 被动语态及主动表被动的用法。

【例 13】—What were you up to when your parents came in? —I _______ for a while and _______ some reading. A. was playing;was going to do C. had played;was going to do B. played;did D. had played;did

【例 14】 Sarah, hurry up. I’m afraid you wouldn’t have time to before the party. A. get changed B. get change C. get changing D. get to change

十六、 非谓语动词和独立主格结构 主要考查的知识点:非谓语动词每年必考,通常考 1~ 3 小题,主要考查: ① v -ing、不定式作宾语的区别。 ② ②非谓语动词作宾补的区别。 ③ ③非谓语动词作状语的区别。 ④ ④非谓语动词作定语时的区别。 ⑤ ⑤非谓语动词的时态、语态、否定式和复合结构。(注意:多次模拟试 题的语法填空中都有考到非谓语动词。) 重点复习: 别非谓语动词在句中的成分,不定式、v -ing 形式、过去分词各自所作的 成分是不同的。 ②识记哪些动词只能接不定式作宾语,哪些动词只能接动名词作宾语,哪 些动词接不定式或动名词作宾语没有太大区别,哪些动词接不定式和动名 词作宾语区别很大,哪些动词接带 to 的不定式作宾语补足语,哪些动词接 不带 to 的不定式作宾语补足语。(stop,forget,remember,regret..etc.) ③have、 get 、make 等动词所接的宾语补语的选用。 ④非谓语动词作状语和状语从句的联系和区别。 ⑤熟悉解题方法。解此类题时,可用“三步曲”:首先要根据语法知识弄 清句子结构,看选项作何成分,结合搭配和句式习惯确定是何种非谓语动 词形式;第二步,根据非谓语动词所表示的动作与句子谓语的动作发生的

先后确定用何种非谓语动词的时态;第三步,按照非谓语动词与其逻辑主 语的关系确定语态,如果逻辑主语不是句子的主语,那就可判断要么是状 语从句,要么是独立主格结构。 【例 15】Mark often attempts to escape whenever he breaks traffic regulations. A. having been fined B. to be fined D. being fined

C. to have been fined

十七、 倒装语序、主谓一致关系、强调结构及其他 主要考查的知识点: 从历届高考题可以看出,高考并没有完全放弃测试语言形式。语言知 识这类的题目,尤其是强调和倒装两部分,在语法填空中有考查到强调句 和 it 作形式主语+that 引导主语从句的辨析。从试题分析来看,加大知识 类题目的结构复杂程度和句意理解难度,注重知识类题目的情景化是近几 年高考命题的趋势。 重点复习:①考查知识之间的相互交叉的现象,加强综合考查语法知识的 力度应该是这一内容命题的新趋势。 ②it 形式主语和 there be 句型的结合。 ③强调句和定语从句的结合。 ④情态动词和反意疑问句的结合。 ⑤祈使句和反意疑问句的结合。 ⑥主谓一致和时态语态的结合。 ⑦独立主格结构、平行结构和从句的结合。 【例 20】I failed in the final examination last term and only then _______ the importance of studies. A. I realized B. I had realized C. had I realized D. did I

realized


推荐相关:

高考英语语法填空解题技巧与练习

高考英语语法填空解题技巧与练习 本文章内容说明 本文章个人整理,希望在 09 年广东高考帮到自己和大家。广州一模等广东比较 有名的城市的模拟试题 本文章内容导读 ...


高中英语语法填空专题训练及解题技巧(含答案)

报名、咨询热线:0753——8669056 13112421228 13431831935 13112421229 高中语法填空练练解题技巧(含答案) 高中语法填空练练解题技巧(含答案) 语法填空练练...


高考英语语法填空题解题技巧

高考英语语法填空题解题技巧潢川一中 高三英语组 王玉涛 2014 年 2 月份国家考试中心公布的《考试说明》宣布从 2014 年开始, 课标高考全国卷也将以语法填空替代使用...


上海高考英语语法填空解题技巧

上海高考英语语法填空解题技巧_高考_高中教育_教育专区。 2014上海高考英语学科改革...一、已给单词提示题型的技巧:此类题可以考查学生对代词、动词、形容词等形式...


语法填空解题技巧与练习原版

语法填空解题技巧与练习原版_英语_高中教育_教育专区。语法填空解题技巧与练习 语法填空的考查范围: 1 语境(上下文); 2 语法: 动词(时态、语态、主谓一致、非...


高考英语新题型 语法填空解题技巧及练习题

高考英语新题型 语法填空解题技巧练习题_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高考英语新题型 语法填空解题技巧练习题 短文填空语法填空解题技巧语法填空是通过语篇在语境钟考...


高考英语语法填空答题技巧

高考英语语法填空答题技巧_高一英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。2014 河南英高考英语语法填空解题技巧 河南高考英语发生了改革:将原来的语法单选题改为 10 道语法选择题...


高考英语语法填空解题技巧

高考英语语法填空解题技巧_英语_高中教育_教育专区。英语语法 高考英语语法填空...解“语法填空”题的一般步骤是: 一、浏览全文 把握语篇 浏览全文的目的是把握...


浅谈高中英语语法填空解题技巧

浅谈高中英语语法填空解题技巧蒋文静 摘要:语法填空题是近年来高考英语科目出现的新题型之一,即在一篇约180词、难度适中的短文中有10个空格, 要求按照句子的语法...


高考英语语法填空答题技巧

高考英语语法填空答题技巧一、无提示词填法:1.填固定搭配:play a part in/...语法填空 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料, 在空白...

网站首页 | 网站地图
All rights reserved Powered by 简单学习网 www.tceic.com
copyright ©right 2010-2021。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit325@126.com