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2015-2016高中英语 unit5 section2《Learning about Language》练习 新人教版选修8

Unit 5

Section Ⅱ

1.There was a ________ (有系统的) approach to solving the problem. 2.The meeting is of such great ________ (意义) that I have to attend it. 3.We must stop him seeing her ________ (以某种方式). 4.It's very rude to s__________ at someone. 5.He wanted to d____________ my name from the list. 6.The photos belong in an a________ 7.She sends her little daughter to the k________ every day. 8.I want a __________(滑板). 9.When I was a child, I didn't like ________ (洋葱), but I don't mind it now. 10 . The hotel r________ wants to know when we will be checking out tomorrow morning. 答案:1.systematic 2.significance 3.somehow 4.spit 5.delete 6.album

7.kindergarten 8.skateboard 9.onion 10.receptionist Ⅱ.根据汉语提示,完成句子 1.这个项目的失败在很大程度上是由于他的粗心。 The failure of the project was largely ________ ________ his carelessness. 2.不知怎么地,我感觉事故的目击者在说谎。 ________,I felt the witness to the accident was telling a lie. 3.贝拉受够了无趣的工作,决定再找一份新的。 Bella was ________ ________ ________ the boring job and decided to find a new one. 4.格雷丝代表公司在会议上介绍了新产品。 ________ ________ ________ her company, Grace introduced a new product at the meeting. 5.互联网的使用在社会发展中具有重大意义。 The use of the Internet is ________ ________ ________ in the development of society. 答案:1.due to 2.Somehow 3.fed up with 4.On behalf of

5.of great significance Ⅲ.用所给单词的正确形式填空 1.I______________(wait) for you for two hours. 2.We______________(know) each other since childhood.

3.John______________(paint) the door all this morning. 4. She has a headache because she______________(read) too long. She ought to stop. 5.Sarah is ill.She______________(lie) in bed for a week. 6.Both of them______________(be) in Hong Kong for ten days. 7.I______________(call) him up for nearly an hour,but it doesn't get through. 8.I______________(not finish) my homework.Can you help me? 9.My father ______________(read) this book since yesterday. 10.I______________(write) the letter all the morning. 答案:1.have been waiting/have waited 3. has been painting 4. has been reading 2.have known 5. has been lying 6. have been 7. have

been calling 8.haven't finished 9.has been reading 10.have been writing Ⅳ.完形填空 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项。 I'm a social worker.I want to tell you about Alan, my dear friend, who suddenly passed away a few months ago. I__1__him many years ago in the country's correctional centre.He was directing a(n)__2__he had designed to help inmates( 同狱犯人 ) with their drug and alcohol problems. He was always coming up with original ways to bring help and __3__to these men and their families.One of his __4__events was the toy drive he would run every Christmas for the children of the inmates.He had been doing this for twenty years until his__5__death. Christmas was approaching and I__6__this tradition had to be__7__for the children as well as the memory of Alan. __8__,the file where he kept the names of the people who had been__9__him over the years had gone missing .I had to start again! I started making phone calls, __10__the project and my difficult situation.Churches and businesses began to come on board and donate.__11__,I had enough toys to give to all the children of the inmates with some left over for the local community__12__!I also ran an organization that provided supportive housing services for people with their drug and alcohol problems. __13__Christmas Eve finally arrived I sighed in my__14__,thinking I had done all I could.I also reflected on what a(n)__15__it had been for me.I was bagging up the remaining toys__16__if there was anyone left who might like them.Then my phone

rang. It was my__17__,explaining about a woman in Kentucky who had five children, one seriously__18__with heart trouble in hospital.She had no husband, no heating in the home and no toys! How could we not? I__19__with my daughter all night, from New York to Kentucky, and those children woke up in a__20__house with plenty of toys! Alan's spirit of kindness lived on that night,reaching all the way to Kentucky! 文章大意:朋友的善举激励“我”将爱心延续。 1.A.examined C.guided B.found D.met

答案:D 多年前,“我”在县监狱里认识了(met)Alan。 2.A.system C.program B.corporation D.operation

答案:C 他当时正在指导自己设计的课程(program)来帮助那些吸毒者和酗酒者。 3.A.explanation C.satisfaction B.hope D.chance

答案:B 他总有新颖的点子,给吸毒者和酗酒者及他们的家人带来帮助和希望(hope)。 4.A.commercial C.recent B.confusing D.favorite

答案:D 最受欢迎(favorite)的是圣诞前夕给孩子们派送玩具。 5.A.sudden C.certain B.natural D.brave

答案:A 直到 Alan 突然(sudden)去世时,他给孩子们派送玩具已经 20 年了。文章第一 段中的 suddenly 是提示。 6.A.decided C.complained 答案:A 7.A.approved C.respected B.continued D.changed B.admitted D.argued

答案:B Alan 每年都会举办这个活动,今年他不在了,所以“我”决定(decided)把这 个传统继续下去(continued)。 8.A.Instead C.However 答案:C 9.A.persuading B.supporting B.In return D.In conclusion



答案:B 但是(However),记录着曾经支持(supporting)他的那些人名字的文件丢了。 从本段中的 donate 可知这些人每年都会向 Alan 捐赠玩具。 10.A.building C.explaining B.promoting D.experiencing

答案: C “我”开始打电话, 向潜在的捐助者解释(explaining)这个活动和“我”的困 境。 11.A.Secretly C.Particularly B.Generally D.Finally

答案:D 教会和商业机构的捐助源源不断,最终(Finally),“我”有了足够多的玩具。 12.A.somehow C.anyway well usual

答案:B 把剩下的玩具又(as well)捐给了社区。 13.A.When C.Once 答案:A 14.A.embarrassment C.excitement 答案: B (relief)。 15.A.condition C.present B.convenience D.honor B.relief D.terror B.After D.If

圣诞前夕最终来临时 (When) ,想到“我”已经尽力了,于是感到很轻松

答案:D 帮助别人对于“我”来说是一件很光荣的事(honor)。 16.A.asking C.wondering B.imagining D.proving

答案: C 在“我”收拾剩余的玩具时, 心里在想(wondering)是否落下了需要帮助的人。 17.A.daughter C.friend B.mother D.classmate

答案:A 这时,“我”女儿(daughter)打来了电话。倒数第二段中的 daughter 是提示。 18.A.ill C.crazy B.nervous D.injured

答案:A 其中一个(孩子)病(ill)得很厉害。 19.A.walked C.danced B.talked D.drove

答案:D “我”和女儿连夜驱车(drove)前往肯塔基州去看望她们。 20.A.warm C.beautiful D.fancy

答案:A 此处选 warm,和上文中的 no heating in the home 相对比。 Ⅴ.阅读理解 Proverbs are popularly defined (定义) as short expressions of popular wisdom.The wisdom is in the form of a general observation about the world or a bit of advice, sometimes more nearly an attitude toward a situation. Proverbs are used by speakers for a variety of purposes.Sometimes they are used as a way of saying something gently. Other times, they are used to carry more weight in a discussion . Proverbs can also be used to simply make a conversation more lively. This example, often expressed as“The bigger they are, the harder they fall”, is as popular as it ever was. When a huge oak falls in the forest, it makes a powerful crash.When a small tree falls, you can hardly hear it as it hits the ground.When people use this saying, they mean that the larger or more powerful something is (it could be a person, a country, or something else), the bigger the shock it will feel when a setback(挫折) occurs. Jim was the best basketball player on his team, and proud of it.He loved all the attention he got when people recognized him on the street and when kids on the bus asked for his autograph.He liked to walk proudly with his head high at school feeling important. Then a new player joined the basketball team.He was faster and scored more points than Jim did.That made Jim so unhappy that he stopped going to basketball practice. Finally his friend Peter talked to him.“Come on, Jim,” he said, “I know how you feel, but you've got to stop sulking.You're a great player,and the team needs you.” Jim sighed.“Yeah, you're right, and I miss the team, too.I've really learned a lesson from this. I guess I really got a big head and, you know, the bigger they are, the harder they fall.” 文章大意:文章介绍了“个头越大,摔得越重”这个谚语。 1.According to the passage, proverbs can be used to make________.'s talk more serious C.something more convincing 答案: C B.somebody more attractive D.a conversation more important

细节理解题。根据第二段的 they are used to carry more weight in a

discussion 可知,谚语可以增强说服力。 2.The author gives the example of Jim to________.

A.tell people the proverb is mainly used in conversation that the proverb mostly refers to a person C.make the proverb easier to understand that the proverb is popular 答案: C 推理判断题。 作者在讲解完谚语的意思后紧接着给的例子是为了让读者更好地 理解这个谚语。 3.The underlined word “sulking” in the passage refers to a feeling of________. A.doubt C.regret B.anger D.hunger

答案:B 词义猜测题。根据倒数第三段的 That made Jim so unhappy that he stopped going to basketball practice 可知,Jim 本来是队里最优秀的篮球队员,但来了一个比他 更强的队员后,他很不高兴,有点生气。 4.What do we know from the passage about Jim? A.He was an active and modest player. B.He wanted to beat the new basketball player. C.He enjoyed playing with kids on the street. D.He felt himself important to his team. 答案:D 推理判断题。根据倒数第四段的 He liked to walk proudly with his head high at school feeling important 可知,Jim 自认为他对于球队来说是非常重要的一员。 Ⅵ.语法填空 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Every language has its own special words and expressions.And a story can be told about each of them. Hot is a simple, easily?understood word. So are most of the expressions__1__(make) with the word hot.But not always,__2__we shall see. The words hot potato, for example, give you no idea at all to the meaning of the expression, hot potato. The potato is a popular vegetable in the United States.Many people like baked potatoes, cooked in an oven or fire.Imagine__3__(try) to carry a hot, baked potato in your hand.It would be difficult, even painful, to do so. Now we are getting close__4__the meaning of hot potato. Some publicly?disputed issues are__5__(high) emotional . The issues must be

treated carefully, or they will be difficult and painful if an elected official has to deal with__6__.As difficult and painful as holding a hot potato. One such hot potato is taxes. __7__(call) for higher taxes can mean defeat for a politician. And yet, __8__taxes are not raised, some very popular government programs could be cut.__9__that also can make a politician very unpopular . So the questions must be dealt with carefully. . .__10__same way you would handle any other hot potato. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 答案: 1.made 过去分词短语作定语,与所修饰的名词之间是被动关系。 as 引导非限制性定语从句,意为“正如??”。 3.trying imagine 后接动名词作宾语。 get close to“接近”,固定搭配。 5.highly 修饰形容词 emotional 用副词。 6.them 指代前面的名词 issues,故用 them。 7.Calling 动名词短语作主语。 8.if if 引导条件状语从句。 9.And 此处语意承接,用并列连词 and。 10.the same 前应该用定冠词 the。 Ⅶ.短文改错 阅读短文,文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删 除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余 的词用斜线(划掉。修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误仅限 1 词;2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Last Sunday I saw a worst storm in years.It came sudden and went on for over three hours.After lunch,I went into my room to have a rest.The air was hot,but all was quiet.Then a strong wind started to blow into my room.Pieces of paper on my desk flew high into the air and some flew out the open window.As I ran out to catch it, big drop of rain began to fall.When I come back into the house, it was raining more harder and harder.Then I heard a loud crashing sound from the back of the house.When I ran out to find out that had happened, a big tree had fallen down and broke the top of the back room. 答案: 5.______ 10.______

Last Sunday I saw

a worst storm in years.It came the

sudden and went on for suddenly

over three hours.After lunch,I went into my room to have a rest.The air was hot, but all was quiet.Then a strong wind started to blow into my room.Pieces of paper and on my desk flew high into the air and some flew out∧ the open window.As I ran out of to catch it ,big drop of rain began to fall.When I come back into the house, them drops came

it was raining more harder and harder.Then I heard a loud crashing sound from the back of the house.When I ran out to find out that had happened, a big tree had fallen what down and broke the top of the back room. broken



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