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whatever和no matter what


有这样一道题: It is generally considered unwise to give a child__________ her or she want s. A. whatever B. no matter what C. whenever D. nomatter when 此题应选 A。容易误选 B。选项 C、D 显然是错的,因为句中的 wants 缺宾语,而

C、D 两项不能作宾语。至于 C、D 的区别,可这样描述:no matter what 只能引导状语从句, 而不引导名词性从句。 而 whatever 既可引导名词性从句(=anything that), 也可引导状 语从句(=nomatter what): 1. 引导名词性从句(只用 whatever): 无论他做什么都是对的。 正:Whatever he did was right. 误:No matter what he did was right. 无论他说什么似乎都有道理。 正:Whatever he says sounds reasonable. 误:No matter what he says sounds reasonable. 山羊找到什么就吃什么。 正:Goats eat whatever they find. 误:Goats eat no matter what they find. 2. 引导状语从句(两者可换用): 无论你说什么,我都不会相信你。 正:Whatever you say,I won’t believe you. 正:No matter what you say,I won’t believe you. 无论发生什么,都要保持镇定。 正:Keep calm,whatever happens. 正:Keep calm,no matter what happens.


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