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高三英语开学检测试卷(8.31新)


江苏省怀仁中学高三年级英语开学检测
高三英语备课组 (本试卷考试时间 120 分钟 (略) 第二部分:单项选择(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分)
21. ----What do think of the concert?

2015-10

分值 120 分)

第一部分 听力 (共两

节 20 题;每题 1 分,满分 20 分)

----- I really enjoyed it .I didn?t expect it was _______ wonderful. A. as B. more C. most D. vey 22. Generally speaking, in western countries ________ 15-percent tip is normal for most _____restaurants. A. a; / B. /; / C. a; the D. /; the 23. I have heard that sons and daughters say they never fully appreciated their mothers_____ it was too late. A. as B. that C. until D. when 24. When she first arrived in China, she wondered what the future might have ________ for her, but now all worries are gone. A. in store B. in time C. in need D. in preparation 25. ----You see, he seems to have done too badly in practicing playing basketball. ----Yeah, but______, so I think it doesn?t matter. A. he that climbs high falls heavily B. he who does not advance loses ground C. he who makes no mistakes makes nothing D. he knows most who speaks least 26. Mr. smith came into our classroom and_____ something important about this exam, left. A. telling B. tell C. having told D. told 27. ---- I hear Tom has failed in the oral English test. ---- You said it .The written record of his conversation didn?t ______ to what was actually said.. A. correspond B. contribute C. contradict D. commit 28. It is nearly 7 o?clock. Jack_______ be here at any moment. A. must B. need C. can D. should 29. It is widely accepted that babies learn to do things because certain acts lead to _______. A. prizes B. rewards C. awards D. results 30. ________ is the gravity of the situation that we can?t _______ the importance of
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public attention enough. A. What; deliver B. So; stress C. Such; underline D. It; like 31. The new CRH train between Beijing and Shanghai _______ speed can reach about380km/h will benefit ______takes it. A. whose; whoever B. which; whichever C. whose ; who D. whose whomever 32. The police have_____ anyone with information to come forward and talk to them . A. admitted to B. appealed to C. allowed for D. called for 33. All the tickets____ out, so, in my opinion, we had to wait for next week?s show. A. had been sold B. have sold C. have been sold D. having been sold 34. Not once ________ their hope of returning home on that adventurous journey across the unknown seas. A. the sailors have lost C. had the sailors lost 35. ------ How are you , Jack? ------ ________, I?m rather sick. A. In addition. B. In contrast B. did the sailors lose D. the sailors lost

C. In vain

D. In reality

第三部分 完型填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可 以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 In 2012, I had just recovered form a serious illness when I received an invitation to a writer's conference in Orlando, Florida. My family persuaded me that a(n) 36 might be just what the doctor ordered, so off I 37 . Arriving in the Sunshine State was rather tiring, but I 38 to catch a taxi to my 39 and settle in. Next morning, I took another 40 to the shopping centre to buy a few souvenirs. 41 I went to a cafe to have lunch, but all the tables were 42 . Then I heard a friendly voice saying, "You can 43 my table." I gratefully sat down with the 44 lady and we had a happy lunch together. As the 45 drew to a close she asked how long I would be in Orlando. I had already told her that I hadn't 46 a car, and hadn't realized how 47 taking taxis would be, After a while she said, "My dear, don't use any more taxis. I'm retired and it would be my pleasure to 48 you wherever you wish." I told her that I couldn't put her to that 49 ,but she brushed aside my protests (反对)。She asked me where I was 50 and next morning she was waiting at my apartment at the 51 time to take me to Disney World. She spent some time with me before leaving me to 52 alone. At the end of the day, she 53 to take me back to my accommodation. I 54 her money but she refused to take any.
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I'll never forget that wonderful lady who, through her 55 , filled my brief holiday in Florida with wonderful memories. 36.A. holiday B. ceremony 37.A. kept B. went 38.A. intended B. promised 39. A. hospital B. company 40.A. colleague B. passenger 41.A. Instead B. First 42.A. classified B. occupied 43.A. share B. reserve 44.A. old B. poor 45.A. journey 46.A. donated 47.A. convenient 48.A. inspire 49.A. business 50.A. working 51.A. appointed 52.A. digest 53.A. forgot 54.A. sent 55.A. confidence B. meal B. repaired B. worthwhile B. entertain B. argument B. staying B. limited B. explore B. refused B. lent B. dignity C. operation C. dropped C. managed C. university C. suitcase C. Later C. decorated C. set C. innocent C. speech C. hired C. unfortunate C. call C. trouble C. moving C. favorite C. perform C. returned C. offered C. curiosity D. experiment D. knocked D. deserved D. accommodation D. taxi D. Once D. painted D. possess D. stubborn D. interview D. guided D. expensive D. drive D. challenge D. shopping D. regular D. calculate D. preferred D. owed D. kindness

第四部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) A Global Positioning Systems are now a part of everyday driving in many countries. These satellite-based systems provide turn-by-turn directions to help people get to where they want to go. But, they can also cause a lot of problems, send you to the wrong place or leave you completely lost. Many times, the driver is to blame. Sometimes a GPS? error is responsible. Most often, says Barry Brown, an expert in human-computer inter-action, it is a combination of the two. We spoke to Mr. Brown by Skype(网络电话软件), he told us about an incident involving a friend who had flown to an airport in the eastern United States. There he borrowed a GPS-equipped car to use during his stay. Barry Brown: “And they just plugged in an address and then set off to their destination. And, then it wasn?t until they were driving for thirty minutes that they realized they actually put in a destination back on the West Coast where they lived. They actually put their home address in. So again, the GPS is kind of ?garbage in garbage out?”. Mr. Brown says this is a common human error. But, he says, what makes the
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problem worse has to do with some of the shortcomings, or failures, of GPS equipment. Barry Brown: “One problem with a lot of the GPS units is they have a very small screen and they just tell you the next turn. Because they just give you the next turn, sometimes that means that it is not really giving you the overview that you would need to know that it?s going to the wrong place. ” Barry Brown once worked on a project with Eric Laurier from the University of Edinburgh. The two men studied the effects of GPS devices on driving by placing cameras in people?s cars. They wrote a paper based on their research. It is called “The Normal, Natural Troubles of Driving with GPS”. It lists several areas where GPS systems can cause confusion for drivers. These include maps that are outdated, incorrect or difficult to understand. They also include timing issues related to when GPS commands are given. Barry Brown says, “To make GPS systems better we need a better understanding of how drivers, passengers and GPS systems work together. ” 56. In Paragraph 2, Mr. Brown mentioned his friend in the conversation to . A. build up his own reputation B. laugh at his stupid friend C. prove the GPS system is only garbage D. describe an example of human error 57. What is the disadvantage of small screens in GPS equipment according to the text? A. They just provide the next turn. B. They are harmful to eyes. C. They make drivers tired easily. D. They often break down suddenly. 58. With which of the following statements would Barry Brown most likely agree? A. GPS units are to blame for most GPS service failures. B. We should introduce higher standards for the driving license. C. Cameras are urgently needed to help improve GPS systems. D. Drivers, GPS systems and passengers should unite to improve GPS systems. 59. What would be the best title for the text? A. Driving with GPS can be difficult. B. Driving confusions can be caused by small screens. C. Driving without GPS should be much more convenient. B Planning a visit to the UK? Here we help with ways to cut your costs. AVOID BIG EVENTS Big sporting events, concerts and exhibitions can increase the cost of accommodation and make it harder to find a room. A standard
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double room at the Thistle Brighton on the final Friday of the Brighton Comedy Festival (19 Oct.) cost $169.15 at Booking.com. A week later, the same room cost $118.15. If you can be flexible and want to know dates to avoid—or you're looking for a big event to pass your time—check out sites such as Whatsonwhen.com, which allows you to search for events in the UK by city, date and category. STAY AWAY FROM THE STATION If traveling to your destination by train, you may want to find a good base close to the station, but you could end up paying more for the sake of convenience at the start of your holiday . Don't be too choosy about the part of town you stay in. Booking two months in advance, the cheapest room at Travelodge's Central Euston hotel in London for Saturday 22 September was $95.95. A room just a tube journey away at its Covent Garden hotel was $75.75. And at Farringdon, a double room cost just $62.95. LOOK AFTER YOURSELF Really central hotels in cities such as London, Edinburgh and Cardiff can cost a fortune, especially at weekends and during big events. As an alternative consider checking into a self-catering flat with its own kitchen. Often these flats are hidden away on the top floors of city centre buildings. A great example is the historic O'Neill Flat on Edinburgh's Royal Mile, available for $420 for five days in late September, with room for four adults. GET ON A BIKE London's 'Boris bikes' have attracted the most attention, but other cities also have similar programs that let you rent a bicycle and explore at your own pace, saving you on public transport of car parking costs. Among the smaller cities with their own programs are Newcastle (casual members pay around $1.50 for two hours) and Cardiff (free for up to 30 minutes, or $5 per day). 60. The Brighton Comedy Festival is mentioned mainly to show big events may __________. A. help travelers pass time B. attract lots of travelers to the UK C. allow travelers to make flexible plans D. cause travelers to pay more for accommodation 61. The passage shows that the O'Neill Flat __________. A. lies on the ground floor B. is located in central London C. provides cooking facilities for tourists D. costs over $100 on average per day in late September 62. The main purpose of the passage is __________. A. to tell visitors how to book in advance
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B. to supply visitors with hotel information C. to show visitors the importance of self-help D. to offer visitors some money-saving tips C You may not have heard of Ashoka, but for the past 27 years, this association, founded by Bill Drayton, has fought poverty ( 贫 穷 )and sickness, promoted education and encouraged small businesses. To support these worthy causes, Ashoka provides money for the world's most promising "change makers" seeking to solve (解决) urgent problems and would like to create a world in which every citizen is a change maker . Drayton believes that anyone can become an agent for change. The important thing is to simply give yourself permission. If you see a problem that you care about, you can help solve it. The young in particular are willing to accept this concept because at heart every child wants to grow into a happy, healthy, contributing adult. In fact It is many young people's ambition to set up programs or businesses that improve social conditions. An excellent example is an Ashoka project started in 1995 in Dhaka, which handled the rubbish problem facing the city ,helped local farmers and provided an income for poor people there . When Masqsood and Iftekhar began to study the problem of all the uncollected rubbish that lay in Dhaka?s streets, Attracting tats and disease , they discovered that 80% of it was natural waste . So they educated the poor people in the city to compost (把……制成堆粪)this waste . They knew that they would have a market for the end product because local farmers were struggling with chemical fertilizers (化肥) which were expensive and had reduced the natural minerals in the soil over the years . At first , they were refused ,but once they were able to persuade them that there was money to be made , the project took off. In 2009 sales were $14,000. Drayton is optimistic that in ten years Ashoka will be making really serious ,practical progress in bringing about social change by changing the way we look at economic development. 63. The underlined word "them" in Paragraph 3 probably refers to" _____ " A. the local farmers B. Masqsood and Iftekhar C. Drayton and his team D. the poor people in Dhaka 64. It can be concluded from the passage that anyone can become a change maker if he ____. A. considers Drayton's concept B. gets permission from Ashoka C. tries to improve social conditions D. is a young, happy and healthy adult
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65. The authors attitude towards Ashoka's program can be described as _____. C. cautious D. forgiving D In 1974, after filling out fifty applications, gone through four interviews, and winning one offer, I took what I could get-a teaching job at what considered a distant wild area: western New Jersey. My characteristic optimism was alive only when I reminded myself that I would be doing what I had wanted to do since I was fourteen-teaching English. School started, but I felt more and more as if I were in a foreign country. Was this area rural area really New Jersey? My students took a week off when hunting season began. I was told they were also frequently absent in late. October to help their fathers make hay on the farms. I was a young woman from New York City, who thought that “Make hay while the sun shines” just meant to have a good time. But, still, I was teaching English. I worked hard, taking time off only to eat and sleep. And then there was my sixth-grade class-seventeen boys and five girls who were only six years younger than me. I had a problem long before I knew it. I was struggling in my work as a young idealistic teacher. I wanted to make literature come alive and to promote a love of the written word. The students wanted to throw spitballs and whisper dirty words in the back of the room. In college I had been taught that a successful educator should ignore bad behavior. So I did, confident that, as reasonable, but the text evidently ignored the fact that humans, particularly teenagers, rarely seem reasonable. By the time my boss, who was also my taskmaster, known to be the strictest, most demanding, most quick to fire inexperienced teachers, came into the classroom to observe me , the students exhibited very little good behavior to praise. My boss sat in the back of the room. The boy in the class were making animal noises, hitting each other while the girl filed their nails or read magazines. I just pretended it all wasn?t happening, and went on lecturing and tried to ask some inspiring questions. My boss, sitting in the back of the room, seemed to be growing bigger and bigger. After twenty minutes he left, silently. Visions of unemployment marched before my eyes. I felt mildly victorious that I got through the rest of class without crying , but at my next free period I had to face him. I wondered if he would let me finish out the day. I walked to his office, took a deep breath, and opened the door. He was sitting in his chair, and he looked at me long and hard. I said nothing. All I could think of was that I was not an English teacher; I had been lying to myself, pretending that everything was fine. When he spoke, he said simply, without accusation, “You had nothing to say to
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A. changing

B. Positive

them.” “You had nothing to say to them ,” he repeated. “No wonder they?re bored. Why get the meat of the literature and stop talking about symbolism. Talk with them, not at them. And more important, why do you ignore their bad behavior?” We talked. He named my problems and offered solutions. We role-played. He was the bad student, and I was the forceful, yet, warm, teacher. As the year progressed, we spent many hours discussing literature and ideas about human beings, he helped me identify my weaknesses and my strengths. In short, he made me the reality of Emerson?s words: “The secret to education lies in respecting the pupil.” Fifteen years later I still drive that same winding road to the same school. Thanks to the help I received that difficult first year, the school is my home now. 66. It can be inferred from the story that in 1974____ A. the writer became an optimistic person B. the writer was very happy about her new job C. it was rather difficult to get a job in the USA D. it was easy to get a teaching job in New Jersey 67. According to the passage, which of the following is most probably the writer ?s problem as a new teacher? A. She had blind trust in what she learnt at college B. She didn?t ask experienced teachers for advice C. She took too much time off to eat and sleep D. She didn?t like teaching English literature 68. What is the writer ?s biggest worry after her taskmaster ?s observation of her class? A. She might lose her teaching job B. She might lose her students? respect C. She couldn?t teach the same class any more D. She couldn?t ignore her students? bad behavior any more 69. Which of the following gives the writer a sense of mild victory? A. Her talk about symbolism abounded convincing B. Her students behaved a little better than usual C. She managed to finish the class without crying D. She was invited for a talk by her boss after class 70. The students behaved badly in the writer ?s classes because_____ A. they were eager to embarrass her B. she didn?t really understand them C. they didn?t regard her as a good teacher D. she didn?t have a good command of English
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第五部分 :任务型读写(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下面短文,根据所读内容在表格中的空白处填入恰当的单词。 注意:每个空格只填一个单词。 Many people believe that classical music has nothing to do with young people today. However, this issue frequently causes heated debate. Some people say that classical music is associated only with old people .For example, if you look at the audience at a classical concert, the majority is over the age of fifty. Others say it is more popular than we first imagine. Many young people listen to classical music without realizing. It is often used in films and advertisements. For example, a famous piece of classical music was used as the theme music for the 1990 World Cup. Not many people could have given its name, but millions enjoyed it . Also, some people point out that young people produce new music based on classical ideas: for example, it is said that rap music was invented by a classical musician in 1912, but it is now used by young people in pop music. However, young people point to the fact that classical music has been outstripped(超越) by technology. To play a classical instrument, such as a violin, you need to study hard and practice for hours. Nowadays, you don't need to get aching arms from practicing. A teenager can write and make music using a computer program in the comfort of their own bedroom. A final point to in mind is that the term "classical music" is used to refer to a great variety of music, from jazz to pieces for large orchestras(管弦乐队).This makes it even more difficult to say whether classical music is relevant to young people. So, it may be only a minority of young people who play classical instruments, but when it comes to enjoying classical music, it depends on the piece of music. It maybe appeals to young people in the modern world than they realize! Title Introductio n Opinions Classical Music The issue of whether classical music is (1) to young people causes heated debate. Evidence

★ Classical music is associated ☆ (2) of the audience at a classical only with old people. concert are over fifty. ★ Many young people don?t ☆ Classical music is often found in films (3) some music they listen to is and advertisements. classical. ★ Classical ideas provide a ☆ Young people now (5) (4) for producing new music. popular music. ★ (6) has put classical
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rap in

☆ A young man can write and make

music at a disadvantage.

music on a computer (7)

in his bedroom. from jazz to

★ “Classical music” can refer ☆ Classical music (9) to various (8) of music. pieces for large orchestras. Conclusion Classical music may still be (10)

by young people today.

第六部分 :读写任务写作(满分 25 分) To many people even the word “work” sounds unpleasant, not necessarily because they are lazy. The same man, who dislikes his job in the factory or even in the office, may work hard at the weekend ,painting the house or digging the garden. What is the reason ,then ?In most cases, it is because these people simply do not enjoy the job they are doing .It does not give them any real satisfaction .It may be quite easy ,like making up wooden boxes ,but it is very boring. Very often they are doing a job which is just a small part of a much larger one , such as attaching a door handle to a car .But the part they play in actually making the car is so small that they can never say :I have made something ! Yet in modern society somebody has to do ordinary jobs such as cleaning streets because this is the way society is organized. No matter how ordinary a job is, it plays a part in society and therefore deserves our due respect. Society cannot function a single day without the “dull and boring” jobs. [写作内容] 1.以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容。 2.以约 120 个词谈谈你对平凡工作的想法,内容包括: (1)描述清洁工工作的艰辛; (2)假如没有清洁工,环境会变得如何? (3)你对平凡工作者的看法。 [写作要求] 1.作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但 不得直接引用原文中的句子。 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________

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10

江苏省怀仁中学高三英语开学模拟卷答案 一、听力(20 分) 1—5 ABBBB, 6—10 ABACC 11—15ABBAA 16—20 BBACC 二、单选(15 分) 21-25AACAC 26-30 CADBC 31-35 ABABD 三、完型填空(20 分) 36—40ABCDD 41—45 CBAAB 46—50CDDCB 51—55 ABCCD 四、阅读理解(30 分) A: DADA B: DCD C:DCB D:CAACB 五.任务型阅读(10 分) 1. relevant 2 . most 3. realize/recognize/know 4 .basis 5. use 6. Technology 7. comfortably 8. kinds/types/sorts 9. ranges 10. enjoyed/loved/liked 六.书面表达(25 分) Nowadays, many people dislike their jobs they?re doing because they?re ordinary and boring. However, such common jobs play an important role in our modern society. Undoubtedly,they deserves to be respected. (30 words) There is no doubt that keeping the streets clean is a hard job. Street cleaners have to work outdoors every day from early morning till late night in spite of any bad weather and low pay. To be honest, if there were no cleaners to serve us, things would become worse and worse. Piles and piles of rubbish would be seen in the streets. Worse still, polluted water would flow and even drown the roads and streets, which develops the spread of diseases, seriously influencing people?s life and health. So we can?t imagine how terrible our life would be without cleaners. As far as I?m concerned, cleaners play an important role in our modern society, and it?s their effort and devotion that makes the whole world in harmony\harmonious, although they are doing a small, ordinary but boring job. No doubt, they should not be looked down upon but respected.

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