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(通用版)2016高考英语二轮复习 专题四 语法填空和短文改错 第三讲 语法专题 六 情态动词针对训练


情态动词

[专项训练] Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.(2015·高考天津卷改编)I ____________ have worried before I came to the new school,for my classmates here are very friendly to me. 解析:句意:我来新学校之前本没有必要担心,因为这里我的同学对我非常友好

。 needn’t have done 本没有必要做某事,表示实际上已经做了某事。 答案:needn’t 2.(2015·高考浙江卷改编)It was so noisy that we ____________hear ourselves speak. 解析:句意:这里如此吵闹以至于我们听不见自己讲话。由语境可知,此处表示“我们 不能听见自己讲话” ,因此填 couldn’t。 答案:couldn’t 3.(2015·高考重庆卷改编)You _____________be Carol.You haven’t changed a bit after all these years. 解析:句意:你一定是卡萝尔。这么多年你一点都没有变化。根据后文的 You haven’t changed a bit 可知,说话者完全认出了卡萝尔,猜测的语气非常肯定,因此填 must。 答案:must 4.(2015·北京丰台区期末考试改编)Judging from his accent,he ____________not be from Australia. 解析:句意:从他的口音判断,他不可能来自澳大利亚。由句意可知本题考查情态动词 表示推测,can 用于否定句,表示“不可能”。 答案:can 5.(2015·江西省红色六校联考改编)One of our rules here is that every student _____________wear school uniform while at school. 解析:句意:这里的规章之一就是每个学生在校期间应当穿校服。shall 用于第二、三 人称的陈述句中,表示说话人的意图、允诺、警告或命令等。 答案:shall 6.Overloaded with work,many doctors now get far less sleep than they ____________. 解析:句意:很多医生因为超负荷工作,现在睡眠量远比应该的少。should 表示“应 该”。 答案:should 7.(2014·高考重庆卷改编)I’ve ordered some pizza,so we _____________worry about cooking when we get home tired. 解析:句意:我订购了一些比萨饼,因此当我们回到家很累的时候就不必再为做饭而担 心了。根据句意可知填 needn’t,意为“没必要”。 答案:needn’t 8.Since nobody gave him any help,he ____________(do)the research on his own. 解析:句意:既然没有人给他任何帮助,他一定是自己独立完成的这项研究。must have

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done 表示“过去一定做过某事”。 答案:must have done 9.—We need a person very much to think up a creative idea. —____________the new manager have a try? 解析:句意:——我们非常需要一个人能想出一个创造性的主意。——那名新经理能否 试一试?用于第一、第三人称疑问句中,表示说话人征求对方的意见或向对方请示。 答案:Shall 10.The villagers are extremely thankful to him,without whose help the road to the village ____________(build). 解析:句意:村民们非常感激他,没有他的帮助,通往村子的道路不可能得以修建。根 据 without 可知本句为含蓄虚拟句,故用 couldn’t have done 表示不可能已经做了某事。 因为 the road 与 build 之间为被动关系,故用 couldn’t have been built。 答案:couldn’t have been built 11.—Why won’t you go to Jim’s birthday party with us? —Well,I don’t like him,if you ____________know. 解析:句意:——你为什么不和我们一起参加吉姆的生日宴会?——我不喜欢他,如果 你非要知道原因的话。must 有“非得,偏要”之意,符合句意。 答案:must 12.—Mike failed the English exam again. —What else did you expect?Don’t you think he____________(spend)more time in studying English? 解析:句意:——迈克英语考试又没有及格。——你还能指望什么?难道你不认为他应 该花更多的时间学习英语吗?should have done 表示“本来应该做某事,但实际上并未 做”。 答案:should have spent 13.My mobile phone is missing.Who ____________ (take) it? 解析:句意:我的手机不见了。可能是谁拿了呢? 根据句意可知本题考查情态动词表 示推测,由上句可知手机已经不见了,could/can have done 用于疑问句表示“过去可能做 过??吗?”,故填 can/could have taken。 答案:could/can have taken 14.(2014·高考重庆卷改编)—I spent two weeks in London last summer. —Then you ____________(visit) the British Museum during your stay,didn’t you? 解析:句意:——去年夏天我在伦敦待了两周。——那么这期间你一定参观过大英博物 馆,是吗?根据句意可知,设空处是对过去的肯定推测,且语气肯定,故填 must have visited。 答案:must have visited 15.To my regret,I didn’t check the paper in the exam to find out the mistakes I ____________(avoid). 解析: 句意: 令我后悔的是, 考试时我没有检查试卷找出我本应避免发生的错误。 should have done 表示“过去本应该做某事却未做”,符合句意。 答案:should have avoided Ⅱ.单句改错 1.China made a commitment to the world in the Copenhagen Summit that by 2020, the carbon?intensity of its economy should fall 40% to 45%.

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________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:中国在哥本哈根峰会上向世界承诺,到 2020 年,其经济的碳强度将下降 40%到 45%。shall 用于第二、第三人称陈述句中,表示说话人给对方的命令、警告、允诺或 威胁。故把 should 改为 shall。 答案:should—shall 2.Nuclear shall be really dangerous at times even though it’s a nice energy in general. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:即使核能总体而言是一种不错的能源,但是有时也很危险。can 可用于肯 定句表示理论上的可能性。故把 shall 改为 can。 答案:shall—can 3.—Who is the man standing there? —If you can know,his name is Mike. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:——站在那边的人是谁?——如果你一定要知道的话,他的名字是迈克。 must 表示偏执,固执,意为“非得,偏要”。 答案:can—must 4.There mustn’t be any difficulty about winning the speech contest now that you’re well prepared for it. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:既然你准备好了,赢得演讲比赛应该没有什么困难了。should 表示一种 表示推测、可能性、或预期,意为“应该;可能”。故把 mustn’t 改为 shouldn’t。 答案:mustn’t—shouldn’t 5.—Excuse me,but I want to use your computer to type a report. —You might not have my computer if you don’t take care of it. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:shall 可用于第二、三人称的陈述句中,表示命令、警告、允诺或威胁等,结合 语境可知 shall 符合题意。 答案:might—shall 6.I suppose he dares tell the manager the truth. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:从句中 dare 用了第三人称单数形式,dare 在此作实义动词,且此句为肯定句, 其后应加不定式作宾语。另外,也可把 dare 看作情态动词,即把 dares 改为 dare。 答案:在 dares 后加 to 或 dares—dare 7.He mustn’t have returned from abroad because of the bad weather. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析: 英语中, 表达否定推测不能用 mustn’t, 而要用 can’t 或 couldn’t。 “can’t /couldn’t+ have+过去分词”表示对过去事情的否定推测。 答案:mustn’t—can’t/ couldn’t 8.—Will the book I ordered arrive on time? —It shall,if there is no traffic jam. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:——我订购的那本书会按时到货吗?——如果不交通堵塞的话,应该会。 根据“if there is no traffic jam”可知 shall 应改为 should 表示“应该”。

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答案:shall—should 9.You shouldn’t have bought the book for me,but thank you all the same. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:你本来没必要为我买这本书的,不过还是要谢谢你。根据 but thank you all the same 可知此处表达“本没必要买但是买了”。 答案:shouldn’t—needn’t 10.On Sundays when I was a child,father and I will get up early and go fishing. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:我还是孩子的时候,每逢周日爸爸和我就会早起去钓鱼。would 表示过去 的一种习惯性动作。will 表示现在的习惯。 答案:will—would 11.Time may heal a broken heart.After five years,Steve seems to have got over the sorrow of losing his son. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:时间能够疗伤,五年之后,史蒂夫似乎已从丧子的悲痛中恢复过来。can 表示“能力,能够”。 答案:may—can 12.—Who do you think could have done such a foolish thing? —It can have been Tom,but I’m not sure. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:——你认为谁有可能做这样的蠢事?——可能是汤姆,但我不确定。根据 but I’m not sure 可知把 can 改为 may/might。may/might have been,表示不确定的可能 性。 答案:can—may/might 13.—I had a very boring weekend at home. —Why did you stay at home?You might have hiked with us. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:——我周末在家一点都没意思。——你为什么待在家里啊?你本来可以跟 我们去远足的啊。could have done 表示“过去本可以做某事”。 答案:might—could 14.—I find it astonishing that John would be so rude to me. —Not astonishing at all.He is always rude to others. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:——我觉得很奇怪,约翰对我竟然那么无理。——一点也不奇怪。他总是 对别人很粗鲁。should 意为“竟然”。 答案:would—should 15.Harry is feeling uncomfortable.He may have drunk too much at the party last night. ________________________________________________________________________ 解析:句意:亨利现在感觉不舒服。一定是/本不应该在昨晚的聚会上喝(了)太多的酒。 must have done 表示过去一定做了某事;shouldn’t have done 表示过去本不该做某事而 做了,以表达责备之意。 答案:may—must/shouldn’t [高考模拟]

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Ⅰ.语法填空 (2016· 黑龙江大庆高三教学质量检测)阅读下面材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个 单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Years ago, when I was a poor artist trying to sell my paintings in local galleries, I 1.____________ (live) in the heart of a city.The rent for my apartment was really cheap 2.____________ it was in the middle of one of the busiest neighborhoods in town.People who visited me used to ask me 3.____________ I could sleep.“Doesn’ t the sound of the traffic bother you?How can you get used to 4.____________ much noise?”You see,there were also rows and rows of shops and bars playing loud music day and night and my apartment was above a really loud and noisy 5.____________.But I found it all fascinating.If I were ever short 6.____________ cash and couldn’t afford to do anything much,which in those days was usually the case,I could always go outside and take 7.____________ look around.You see,there were always a great number of tourists visiting the shops,so I could always find someone 8.____________ (interest) to talk with.And Joe,the owner of the bar below me,could always give me a little money to survive on in exchange for 9.____________ (do) a few odd jobs for him.At the time,I suppose,I thought I was poor.Sometimes,we don’t realize how 10.____________ (fortune) we are,do we? 【解题导语】 作者是一个穷困潦倒的画家,住在嘈杂的闹市区。难以继日时,Joe 会 施以援手,这让作者感到非常幸运。 1.解析:考查一般过去时。本文描述的是多年前的事,因此用一般过去时。 答案:lived 2.解析:考查连词。“我”的公寓的房租很便宜,因为“我”住在最繁忙之一的街区 里。 答案:because 3.解析:考查引导词。根据语境可知,此处表示“外边是繁忙的街区, 那我是怎样睡 着的?”。 答案:how 4.解析:考查固定结构。“so much+不可数名词”意为“如此多的??”。 答案:so 5.解析:考查代词。“我”住的公寓在一个很吵闹的商店/酒吧上面。one 代指商店或 酒吧。 答案:one 6.解析:考查介词。be short of 意为“缺少/短缺??”。 答案:of 7.解析:考查固定短语。take a look 意为“看一看”,是固定结构。 答案:a 8.解析:考查形容词。根据语境可知,此处表示“我找到某个有趣的人去交谈”。 答案:interesting 9.解析:考查非谓语动词。介词“for”后应跟动词?ing 形式。 答案:doing 10.解析:考查词性转换。根据语境可知,此空应填其形容词形式。 答案:fortunate Ⅱ.短文改错

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(2015·辽宁省沈阳市教学质量监测)假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请 你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉 及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Tom, How are you?I am just writing to tell you I had wonderful time at your place in New York. I arrived home,safely and sound.I have something to ask for you.I have been looking through my bags for my favorite red shirt,or I can’t find it somewhere.I’m sure I might have left it at your place.Could you look around your house for it? By the way,I am planning my parents’ wedding anniversary celebration.I had already invited you and your parent.I wonder whether you would like to come to Chicago this time.What do you think of it?Take care of you and write to me soon.Giving my regards to Uncle Bernard and Aunt Norah. Love, Diana 答案: Dear Tom, ∧ How are you?I am just writing to tell you I had a wonderful time at your place in New York. safely I arrived home, and sound.I have something to ask for you.I have been safe or somewhere looking through my bags for my favorite red shirt, I can’t find it .I’ but anywhere m sure I might have left it at your place.Could you look around your house for it? must had already have

By the way, I am planning my parents’wedding anniversary celebration.I invited you and your

parent .I wonder whether you would like to come to Chicago this parents you Giving and write to me soon. my yourself Give Love, Diana

time.What do you think of it?Take care of regards to Uncle Bernard and Aunt Norah.

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