高中英语名词性从句 10、Is this museum ________ some American friends visited yesterday? 1、Why not try your luck downtown, Bob? That's ________ the best jobs A. which B. thatC. the one D. where are.
A. where B. whatC. when D. why Cthis修饰的是主语museum,谓语动词为is,缺少表语,故选the A句意：为什么不到市区试一试运气，鲍勃？最好的工作在那儿。is是系动词，后跟 one,后面是一个省略了关系代词的定语从句。 表语从句，在从句中where作are的表语，表地点。 11、Grandma pointed to the hospital and said, “That’s ______ I was 2、—Where is Alice's sister?—I don't know where __________. born.”A. when B. how C. why D. where A. was Alice's sisterB. Alice's sister wasC. is Alice's sisterD. Alice's sister is D本句是名词性从句中的表语从句。When通常指时间；how指方式；why表示原因 Dwhere引起的宾语从句应用陈述语序；由前句提示可知用一般现在时。 。Where指地点；本句中的关键词是the 3、（2010 ? 江苏）—I prefer shutting myself in and listening to music all hospital，表示的是地点。句意：奶奶指着那个医院说：那就是我出生的地方。故D正 day on Sundays. —That's __________ I don't agree. You should have a 确。表语从句就是用一个句子作为表语。说明主语是什么或者怎么样，由名词、形容 more active life. A. where B. howC. when D. what 词或相当于名词或形容词的词或短语充当，和连系动词一起构成谓语。解答这类题目 A考查名词性从句。句意：“我更喜欢在周日把自己关起来整天听音乐。”“这就是我不 ，关键在于分析清楚句子结构。通过判断引导词在从句中所作的成分及意义，来选择 同意的地方，你应该过一种更积极的生活。agree是不及物动词，故用where引导该 正确的引导词。 表语从句。 12、Could I speak to _______ is in charge of International Sales please? 4、—Can we get everything ready by the weekend?—It all depends on A. who B. what C. whoever D. whatever ______we can get Mr. Green's cooperation . A. thatB. whatC. whetherD. if C句意:我可以和负责国际贸易销售的人谈话吗？whoever引导宾语从句，作to的宾语 C句意:—我们能在周末准备好??？— ，在宾语从句中作主语。 那要取决于我们是否能得到格林先生的合作。介词后只用whether不用if引导宾语从 13、The reason why he was late for school this morning is ________ his 句 bike broke down on his way to school. 5、“Every time you eat a sweet, drink green tea. This is _____ my A. that B. because C. since D. as mother used to tell me.A. what B. how C. that D. whether A句意：他之所以今天早上上学迟到了，是因为上学路上他的自行车坏了。The A 句意：每次你吃糖的时候，你都要喝绿茶。这句话妈妈过去常常给我说。这里wha reason why is that...……的原因是……。 t???导表语从句，作tell的宾语。 14、Don't take ________ for granted that he will agree with you on the 6、The reason _____ he was late for the meeting is _____ his car broke point. A. it B. what C. which D. that down on the road. A句意：不要想当然的认为他会同意你这一点。take it for A. why; thatB. why; becauseC. that; thatD. for which; because granted是固定用法。it是形式宾语，真正的宾语是后面that引导的宾语从句。 A第一个空the 15、See the flags on top of the building? That was __________ we did reason跟定语从句时用why引导；后一个空是that引导的表语从句，用来陈述一个事 this morning. A. when B. whichC. where D. what 实。 D考查名词性从句。句意：看到大楼顶部的旗子了吗？那是我们今天早上做的。此处 7、（2012 ? 西安一次质检）The reason for Tom's failure in the exam was what引导的从句作表语，故为表语从句，what在从句中作宾语。 __________ he didn't work hard. A. why B. becauseC. whether D. that 16、Scientists study human brains work to make computers. D 解析：考查表语从句的引导词。The reason...is A. when B. howC. that D. whether that...为固定句式，意思是“……的原因是……”。句意为：汤姆考试失败的原因是他没 B本题考查的是名词性从句。根据句意可知应该选B。 有努力学习。 17、Cindy shut the door heavily and burst into tears. No one in the office 8、We’ve offered her the job, but I don’t know she’ll accept it. knew she was so angry. A. where B. whatC. whether D. which A. where B. whetherC. that D. why C本题考查的是whether引导的名词性从句。whether在句中不作语法成分，翻译成“ D考查名词性从句。该空引导宾语从句，根据第二句句意“办公室中没人知道她为什么 是否”。 如此生气”课判断选D。 9、__________ she said suggested she __________ unhappy. 18、 is a fact that English is being accepted as an international A. What; was B. That; beC. What; be D. That; was language.A. There B. This C. That D. It A解析：What she Dit在此作形式主语，that从句为真正的主语。 said是主语从句，what作said的宾语。suggested在此意为“暗示，表明”，故从句中 19、You have advised her not to have breakfast in order to stay slim, and 用陈述语气，不用（should） be形式的虚拟语气。 this is _____ I disagree about.
A. why B. whichC. whatD. where 29、（2012 ? 天津）It doesn't matter __________ you turn right or left at C分析句式结构可知，空格处所填词引导表语从句且在从句中作about的宾语，所以 the crossing-both roads lead to the park. 应使用what。 A. whether B. howC. if D. when 20、（2011 ? 陕西）I'd like to start my own business--that's __________ A考查主语从句。句意：在十字路口你向右拐或向左拐都没关系，两条路都通往公园 I'd do if I had the money. A. why B. whenC. which D. what 。根据句意可知选A项。 D 考查名词性从句。句意：我想要开办自己的公司，这就是我有钱时想做的事。分析 30、（2012 ? 江西）It suddenly occurred to him __________ he had left 句子结构可知，此处what引导表语A句，且what在句中作宾语。 his keys in the office. A. whether B. whereC. which D. that 21、They asked __________ to help us.A. what could they do B. what D考查主语从句。句意：他突然想起来他把钥匙落在办公室了。occur to sb. they could doC. how they could D. how could they 意为“某人突然想到/想起”，常用it作形式主语，其后跟that引导的主语从句，that不 22、B一方面宾语从句要用陈述语序，另一方面用what表示ask的内容，作ask的宾 作成分。 语。 22、Our teachers always tell us to believe in _____ we do and who we are if we want to succeed. A. why B. howC. what D. which C本题考查名词性从句。根据句意可知，what引导的是宾语从句，what在宾语从句 中作宾语。 23、When Li Ming got to America, he found his English was quite different _____ he had learned in China. A. from whichB. of thatC. from whatD. from the one Cfrom与different搭配。考生易把A项误当成定语从句的关系代词；由于English为 不可数名词，故不能用one来指代；C中的what在从句中作learned的宾语。 24、A person who has never tasted bitter won’t know ______ sweet is. A. which B. what C. when D. why B没有尝过什么是苦的人永远不知道什么是甜。______ sweet is做know的宾语，本空做is的表语，表示什么因此用what .故答案选B。 25、Experts believe __________ people can waste less food by shopping only when it is necessary. A. why B. where C. that D. what C 句意：专家们认为人们可以通过只购买必要食品的方式来减少食物浪费。从句意思 完整，选that, that不作任何成分。 26、His writing is so confusing that it’s difficult to make out it is he is trying to express.A. that B. howC. who D. what D本题考查的是what引导的名词性从句。what在该句中引导宾语从句，且what在从 句中作express的宾语。 27、（2011?北京）__________ Barbara Jones offers to her fans is honesty and happiness. A. Which B. WhatC. That D. Whom B 考查主语从句。在主语从句中缺少动词offer的宾语，所以用what引导。 28、Everyone in the village is very friendly. It doesn't matter __________ you have lived there for a short or a long time. A. why B. how C. whether D. when C 考查主语从句。句意：那个村子里的每一个人都很友好。你在那里住的时间是长 还是短都没有关系。whether 引导的从句为真正的主语,it为形式主语。whether起连接作用。其他选项不符合句意。