中山市 2013 年普通高考模拟考试（二）
本试卷共 10 页，三大题，满分 135 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项：1. 答卷前，考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考生号、试室 号、座位号填写在答题卡上。 2. 选择题每小题选出答案后， 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点 用
涂黑，如需改动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案，答案不能答在试卷上。 3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答，答案必须写在答题卡各题目指 定区域内相应位置上；如需改动，先划掉原来的答案，然后再写上新的答案； 不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4. 考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后，将试卷和答题卡一并交回。
I . 语言知识及应用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节.完形填空（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1—15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳 选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Once upon a time, there lived in the State of Jin a man who had a very bad memory. While walking, he would forget to stop; while sleeping, he would forget to get up. His wife was very much can even he had 7 1 4 this and said to him one day, “I’ve 6 2 that Master Ai is a very 5 3 man. He the dying back to life. Why don’t you go and him for advice?”
“Good idea!” the man agreed. So he
on horseback, bow and arrow in hand. Before 8 to a tree, crouched down to hide himself. 9 . 10
a distance of about 30 li he felt a call of nature. He got off his horse and, after
sticking the arrow into the ground and tying the
This done, he stood up and looked to the left and then caught sight of the hit me.” Then, looking to the 11 , he saw the horse.
“Wow!” he cried. “What a narrow escape! I wonder where that arrow came from. It “Well, well!” he said with joy. “Though I’ve been badly frightened, I’m now horse.” Whipping his horse, he took the 13 12
direction. Not long afterwards, he arrived
14 . Pacing up and down in front of his own house, he said to himself, “Whose house is this? Can this be the house of Master Ai?” At this moment, his wife saw him. Guessing that his memory must have gone wrong again, she said dirty words to him. Very much upset, the man 15 , “I’ve never seen you before in my life. Why did you say something like that to me?” 1. A. excited about 2. A. heard B. angry with B. known C. worried about C. understood D. surprised at D. told
3. A. kind 4. A. bring 5. A. see 6. A. set out 7. A. gone 8. A. horse 9. A. arrow 10. A. almost 11. A. front 12. A. rewarded 13. A. direct 14. A. home 15. A. complained
B. stupid B. take B. tell B. set up B. covered B. bow B. bow B. closely B. left B. punished B. right B. house B. smiled
C. strange C. get C. ask C. set aside C. done C. arrow C. horse C. just C. sky C. fined C. front C. village C. felt
D. learned D. lead D. look D. set on D. passed D. hand D. tree D. only D. right D. given D. wrong D. city D. laughed
第二节：语法填空（共 10 小题; 每小题 1. 5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文， 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求， 在空格处填人一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答卷标号为 16~25 的相应位置上。 On a cold day in 1942, a boy inside a Nazi concentration camp looked beyond the wire sadly. A girl who 16 (pass) by saw him and threw a red apple over the fence. The boy picked it 17 darkness. 18 (hope)to see that girl again. On the other side, 19 apple in her hand. The boy 21 up. A ray of light broke
On the following day he looked out, The scene 20
the girl was longing to see him too. She came with
(repeat) for several days. Then one day, the boy said sadly, “Don’t bring
me an apple tomorrow. I will not be here. They are sending me to another camp.” walked away, too sad to look back. In the US in 1957, two adults, both immigrants (移民), were on a blind date. “And
were you during the war?” inquired the woman. “I was in a German concentration camp,” the man replied. “I remember I used to throw apples over the fence to a boy who was in a concentration camp,” she recalled. Greatly looked 23 22 (shock), the man said, “And did that boy tell you one day not to bring apples any more because he was to be sent to another camp?” “Why? Yes!” she replied. He her eyes and said, “I was that boy.” There was a brief silence, and then they embraced each other. On Valentine’s Day in 1996, on a national telecast show, this same man affirmed his enduring love for his wife of forty years. He said, “You fed me throughout all these years; I remain hungry 24 your love.” 25 (seed)of the brightest tomorrow. The darkest moments of one’s life may carry the
II. 阅读（共两节，满分 50 分） 第一节 阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。 A The father’s role in the family is important. One researcher says babies cared for by their fathers have greater cognitive (认知的) development at one year of age than babies not cared for by their fathers. Another expert reports that by spending time with their pre-school children, fathers can help to develop children’s language ability. Researchers also point out that for school-age children, fathers are one link with the outside world. Fathers who value education have children who do better in school than those children whose fathers don’t value education. What’s more, fathers who spend quality time with their children may give their children happy memories which may last a lifetime. While each father is a unique person who educates children in his own style, good fathers have something in common. Good fathers attend their children’s school activities. They also involve the children in their lives and the adult world by taking them to see the workplace, or by taking them when the car needs to be repaired, etc. Good fathers expect a great deal from their children, but also accept and support the unique individuals that their children are becoming. Good fathers rely on explanations and reasoning rather than force. Good fathers know their time with children is really an investment (投资) in them. Being an involved father is good for children and good for fathers. Both children and fathers have the opportunity for growth and development. Today’s lifestyles are changing. More and more fathers are balancing their personal life, work, and family time. 26. The passage is mainly about A. how to be a qualified father B. the growth and development of both fathers and children C. the father’s role in the growth and development of children D. the changing of the father’s role in modern society 27. According to the passage, we can find that . A. fathers have an important influence on their children from infancy through adulthood B. fathers’ involvement is the most important factor in children’s development C. all fathers have the same way of educating their children D. fathers are more important than mothers in the family 28. The underlined part in the third paragraph means “a person who A. has the same ideas as others B. is the only one of his type C. does everything without considering others’ opinions
D. tries to do everything well 29. Which of the following statements is CORRECT according to the passage? A. Good fathers attend their children’s school activities but never take them to their workplace. B. Good fathers expect a great deal from their children and force them to work hard. C. Good fathers try to make it clear to their children that staying with their fathers is an investment. D. Good fathers improve themselves when they spend time with their children. 30. According to the passage, fathers’ involvement in their children’s lives may NOT result in . A. the good fate of their children B. better reading levels of their children C. happy memories which may last a lifetime D. greater cognitive development of their children B It is a great, big, wide-open sky over our heads, but when you are flying in a jet airliner at 600 miles an hour, the sky is not so big. That’s part of the reason why, in the first four months of this year, the government said only 72 percent of all flights arrived on time, the lowest number since the recent system of reporting began in 1995. The runways are full, the planes are jammed, and air traffic controllers complain they’re stressed out. And the radar systems that keep things going are, in large part, technology of the 1960s. “It’s like driving down the road with a paper bag over your head, and you’re trying to stay out of the way of other cars,” says Captain Karen Lee, a 747 pilot who heads operations for UPS, the delivery service. At its center in Louisville, UPS is experimenting with the next generation in air traffic control: planes guided by the satellites of the Global Positioning System, instead of radar. Though it has advanced greatly over the years, radar is a technology that dates back to World War II. It scans the sky, looking for signals from planes in the air. Typically, air traffic radar only updates a plane’ position once every 12 seconds or so — and in 12 seconds, a jet can move s two miles or make a turn. What’s more, radar signals can be blocked by storms or mountains. But with GPS signals, pilots can see in real time exactly where they are, and where other planes are, too. A readout screen in the cockpit (驾驶舱) tells the pilots what’s around them. “What we end up with is a very exact location for each aircraft in the system,” said Basil Barimo of the Air Transport Association, which represents airlines. 31. According to the passage, we know that ______. A. the sky over our heads is becoming smaller B. the condition of air traffic is terrible now C. the service of air companies is quite bad
D. few planes are in the sky 32. The planes are jammed, mainly because _______. A. the number of planes is increasing too fast B. the control system hasn’t kept up with the development of air traffic C. there is not enough room for so many planes in the sky D. the weather has become worse these years 33. What kind of air control system will be used instead of radar? A. The Global Positioning System. B. A more advanced radar system. C. A new unusual satellite. Ks5u D. A readout screen in the cockpit. 34. Which of the following is a disadvantage of the radar system? A. It can only update a plane’s position once every 12 minutes. B. Its signals may not be received because of certain reasons. C. The cost of radar is less than the cost of the Global Positioning System. D. It can help pilots know exactly where they are in real time. 35. According to the passage, we can infer that ______. A. air traffic is developing quickly B. the cost of the Global Positioning System must be very high C. there are also some disadvantages of the Global Positioning System D. nothing can be done to improve the air traffic condition C Thirteen vehicles lined up last March to race across the Mojave Desert, seeking a million in prize money. To win, they had to finish the 142-mile race in less than 10 hours. Teams and watchers knew there might be no winner at all, because these vehicles were missing a key part— drivers. DARPA, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, organized the race as part of a push to develop robotic vehicles for future battlefields. But the Grand Challenge, as it was called, just proved how difficult it is to get a car to speed across an unfamiliar desert without human guidance. One had its brake lock up in the starting area, Another began by throwing itself onto a wall. Another got tied up by bushes near the road after 1.9 miles. One turned upside down. One took off in entirely the wrong direction and had to be disabled by remote (远距离的) consol. One went a little more than a mile and rushed into a fence; another managed to go for six miles but stuck on a rock. The “winner,” there was any, reached if 7.8 miles before it ran into a long, narrow hole, and the front wheels caught on fire. “You get a lot of respect for natural abilities of the living things,” says Reinhold Behringer, who helped design two of the ear-size vehicles for a company called Sci-Autonics, “Even ants can do all these tasks effortlessly. It’s very hard for us to put these abilities into our machines.”
The robotic vehicles, though with necessary modern equipment such as advanced computers and GPS guidance, had trouble figuring out fast enough the blocks ahead that a two-year-old human recognizes immediately. Sure, that very young child, who has just only learned to walk, may not think to wipe apple juice off her face, but she already knows that when there’s a cookie in the kitchen she has to climb up the table, and that when she gets to the cookie it will taste good. She is more advanced, even months old, than any machine humans have designed. 36. Watchers doubted if any of the vehicles could finish the race because ______. A. they did not have any human guidance B. the road was not familiar to the drivers C. the distance was too long for the vehicles D. the prize money was unattractive to the drivers 37. DARPA organized the race in order to ______. A. raise money for producing more robotic vehicles B. push the development of vehicle industry C. train more people to drive in the desert D. improve the vehicles for future wars 38. From the passage we know “robotic vehicles” are a kind of machines that ______. A. can do effortlessly whatever tasks living things can B. can take part in a race across 142 miles with a time limit C. can show off their ability to turn themselves upside down D. can move from place to 101ace without being driven by human beings 39. In the race, the greatest distance one robotic vehicle covered was A. about eight miles B. six miles C. almost two miles D. about one mile 40. In the last paragraph, the writer implies that there is a long way to go A. for a robotic vehicle to finish a 142-mile race without any difficulties B. for a little child who has just learned to walk to reach the cookie on the table C. for a robotic vehicle to deal with a simple problem that a little child can solve D. for a little child to understand the importance of wiping apple juice off its face D At the beginning of the 20th century there were more than a million lions worldwide. Today there are less than 30,000 in the wild. The remaining lions are increasingly threatened by habitat loss, hunting and activities to protect farms and cattle. For generations, Masai tribesmen on the large African plains in southeastern Kenya have hunted lions — to protect their farms and cattle. Today they celebrate the lions’ life. . .
Noah is an elder in the Masai community. “We have decided as a community of the Masai to lay down our spears, and there will be no more killing of lions in our community.” He is part of a group of Masai visiting the United States promoting the Predator (捕食性动物) Compensation Program. Conservation International’s Frank Hawkins explains, “The Masai have been living with wildlife for many generations and it has been a conflicting relationship in many ways. They compete with the animals for food as lions eat their cattle. We’re trying to find ways in which the wildlife will become something useful to them.” They had the Predator Compensation Fund founded in 2003. After much discussion, a group of Masai farmers agreed to protect lions. In turn, if lions or other predators kill their cattle, the Masai owner will be paid market value for the dead animals from the fund. Ks5u One man said that in the past, when a lion killed cattle, they killed it on the spot. And now, after the start of the program, the Masai see the lion population growing. Since 2003, only four lions have been killed here. 41. What is this passage mainly about? A. The wildlife in the world. C. The reason why lions are killed. A. To protect people in the wild. C. To protect lions only. B. Lions and the Masai. D. The living ways of the Masai. B. To help the Masai protect their farms and cattle. D. To protect the wildlife.
42. What is the aim of the Predator Compensation Program?
43. Masai tribesmen killed lions before 2003 _______. A. because lions were dangerous for people there B. because dead lions were worth a lot of money C. because they wanted lions’ meat D. because they wanted to protect their farms and cattle 44. According to the passage, why haven’t Masai tribesmen killed many lions since 2003? A. Because lions don’t eat their cattle any more. B. Because they will be fined if they kill lions there. C. Because if a lion kills their cattle, they will be paid for the dead animals from the fund. D. Because there are less than 30,000 lions in the wild now. 45. What do you think of the Masai? A. Reasonable. B. Cruel. C. Poor. D. Stupid.
第二节 信息匹配（共 5 题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 阅读下列应用文及相关信息， 并按照要求匹配信息。 请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选 项字母涂黑。 请阅读下列应用文和相关信息。 46. Fat Albert is an operator. He works in the same hotel as Mark and offers help for all kind of
callers. He can always tell you what to do and how to do it if you have difficulty in making a phone call in the hotel. Just go and ask him. 47. Jerome James is a bellboy. He works in Hilly Grant Hotel. He is a considerate and nice guy. Whenever you need his help, he is always there for you. The manager and the guests like him very much. He is very good at writing, too. 48. Martin Stephens is a customs officer. He is very strict with all the people. He always Check the travelers' form carefully and remind them what to do or something that they should pay attention to. 49. Tony H Betty is a weatherman. He works in a television company and you can always see his sunny smile on the TV. When you are traveling, don't remember to turn on the TV in the hotel and pay attention to his weather report. 50. Nancy is a receptionist. She works in Mayflower hotel for 3 years and she works from 6 a.m. to 10 p.m. It's a bit long. But since she could not find another good job, such as her favorite one in a hotel clinic, she has to take this one for a while. 请阅读以下面相关信息，然后匹配与之相关的人员： A. Welcome here. You will find all the information about the hotel on the information card in your room. The bellboy will show it to you. If you have any questions, just dial "5" on your phone. That is our manager. He is at your service 24 hours a day. B. I've written out a proscription for you to take to the hotel clinic. Better still, I'll take it myself and have someone from the clinic bring the medicine to you. Have a good rest in your room. So far as I can see, you're very tired, overworked. Just relax and the hotel will offer you the best service. C. Good. Your forms seem to be in order. I'll keep your health declaration and return your customs declarations. Please keep them with you and be prepared to surrender them when you leave Britain. D. Terribly sorry, but we have to interrupt this regularly scheduled program to bring you the latest information from the Britain Weather Bureau. A severe weather change is now on the way for all of southern London and Liverpool. A violent storm front is moving in a north-northeasterly direction. Please stay in your home. E. This hotel has very good telephone services. There are three different types. First there's international direct dial service. It offers you a direct telephone service to more than 100 cities in the world. If you just want to make the national call, just press 7 at the beginning and then dial your number. F. Here we are, Madam, your Room 405. It gets lots of sun in the morning from that balcony. Now, the switch for the bedside lamp is over hero. The panel at the head of the bed has a radio and a wake-up alarm. Enjoy your stay here. III. 写作（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节：基础写作（共 1 小题，满分 15 分）
根据以下内容写一篇日记。 [写作内容] 1．昨天与同学外出野餐，按计划要爬西山。 2．早上在校门口集合 7 点出发。 3．不久下小雨，继续骑车，一小时后到达山脚。 4．雨停，爬上山顶，领略美景。 5．照相，唱歌，跳跃，做游戏，下棋，午餐，玩得开心。 6．午餐后下山，4 点回家。筋疲力尽。 7．时间 5 月 20 日，星期一。 [写作要求] 1. 必须使用 5 个句子表达全部的内容 2. 短文包括所有内容要点，但不可逐字翻译。 3 可适当增加细节，使短文连贯。 参考词汇：野餐：picnic [评分标准] 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章连贯。
May 20th Wednesday planned.
Cloudy and drizzle
Yesterday my classmates and I went out for a picnic and climbed the West Mountain as
第二节： 读写任务（满分 25） 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Some people and businesses get lucky – they happen to be in the right place at the right time. And they often succeed, at least in the short run, despite of themselves. But depending on luck isn’t a good idea – as the Chinese proverb goes, “Man who waits for roast duck to fly into mouth must wait very long time.” The vast majority of what we call “luck” is the result of vision and purpose, hard work and passion. As another saying goes, “The harder I work, the more luck I have.” Successful people work hard to put themselves into a position where good fortune can find them. The harder a manager works at developing people, the luckier she will be in having a skilled and motivated staff. The harder a salesperson works at satisfying customers, the luckier he will be at gaining referrals. The harder a couple works at it, the luckier they are at having a great relationship. All that success requires is a strong vision, hard work, being passionate about goals, building relationships, constantly seeking to improve, self discipline and taking smart risks. Beyond that, it’s simply luck. [写作内容]
1.概括短文的内容要点，该部分的字数大约 30 词左右； 2.就“Does luck play an important role in success?”这个主题发表你的看法，至少包含以下 的内容要点，该部分的字数大约 120 词左右: a) 一些人把成功归功于运气； b) 另一些人把成功看作是勤奋的结果； c) 你认为成功的主要因素是什么？Ks5u [写作要求] 你可以使用实例或其它论述方法支持你的论点， 也可以参照阅读材料的内容， 但不要抄 袭阅读材料中的句子。 【评分标准】 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，语篇连贯。
中山市 2013 年普通高考模拟考试（二）
I 语言知识及应用 (共两节，满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 1-5 CADAC 6-10 ABAAA 18. hoping 23. into 11-15 DADAA 19. an 24.for 20. was repeated 25. seeds 第二节. 语法填空 16. was passing 17. his 21. where 22. shocked
II 阅读 (共两节，满分 50 分) 第一节：阅读理解 (共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分) 26-30 CABDA 46-50 EFCDA III 写作 (共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节: 基础写作 (共 1 小题，满分 15 分) May 20th, Wednesday Cloudy and drizzle Yesterday my classmates and I went out for a picnic and climbed the West Mountain as planned. Gathering at the gate of our school early in the morning , all of us started off at seven, but soon it began to rain lightly. We kept on riding for an hour before we reached the foot of the mountain. When the drizzle stopped, we began to climb the mountain and very soon we reached the top of the mountain. How beautiful it was when we looked at the view from the top, where we ran, sang, jumped, played chess, had the pictures taken , had lunch, and we all had a very good time. After lunch we went down the mountain, and we got home at four, tired out. 第二节：读写任务 (共 1 小题,满分 25 分) If a person wants to succeed, he can just hope that luck will help him. Luck, however, will never help those to succeed if they are lazy and lack responsibility. Ks5u We students can really learn a lot from reading this passage. Because nowadays, it is generally believed among some people that success comes from luck. They believe it in love, in examinations, and even in promotion. For instance, when some of them don’t get good marks in entrance examinations or fail to be enrolled by a key university, they will attribute it to bad luck. However, others believe in themselves. They are working hard and trying their best to achieve what they want. Although they may fail sometimes, they don’t give up, for they believe that luck can only help those who are hard working, passionate about goals, constantly seeking to improve and self disciplined and one’s life lies in his own hand. As to me, I am in favor of the latter opinion. Luck doesn’t come alone. It goes hand in hand with hard work and knowledge. 31-35 BBABA 36-40 ADDAC 41-45 DDDCA 第二节：信息匹配 (共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分)