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高中英语冠词练习题及答案2


高考英语对冠词的考查几乎每年都有一道题,而且都设两空,以增加覆盖面和难度。考生 在冠词试题上失分较多,主要是缺乏语感,对一些知识点掌握不够透彻。高考英语冠词主 要考查其基本用法,包括定冠词与不定冠词的区别用法、名词前省略冠词的场合、特指与 泛指的区分以及习语中冠词的用法等。以下搜集整理的,供大家学习参考: 考点一、 考查不定冠词 a / an 表示个别或泛指的用法 1. How

about taking_____short break? I want to make_____cal l. A. the; a B. a; the C. the; theD. a; a 「解析」 答案为 D.take a short break“休息一会儿”, make a call“打一个电 话”。 2. Christmas is_____special holiday when_____whole family are supposed to get together. A. the; the B. a; a C. the; a D. a; the 「解析」 答案为 D.a special holiday 指“某一个特别的节日”; the whole family 为特指。 考点二、 考查定冠词 the 特指某一个人或事物的用法 1. I looked under_____bed and found books I lost last week. A. the; a B. the;the C. 不填;the D. the; 不填 「解析」 答案为 B.此题中的 the bed 和 the books 都为特指。the bed 指“所看 的床”;the books 指“所丢的书”。 2. I like_____color of your skirt. It is good match for your blouse. A. a; theB. a; aC. the; a D. the; the 「解析」 答案为 C. the color 指“你衬衫的颜色”;a good match 泛指“和你的 外套相配的一种好颜色”。 考点三、 考查不定冠词及零冠词的习惯搭配 1. George couldn?t remember when he first met Mr. Anderson, but he was sure it was Sunday because everybody was at church. A. /; the B. the; / C. a; / D. /; a 「解析」 答案为 C.a Sunday 泛指某一个星期天;at church 为固定搭配,不用冠 词,意为“在做礼拜”。 2. Many people have come to realize that they should go on_____balanced diet and makeroom in their day for exercise. A. a; / B. the; a C. the; the D. /; a 「解析」 答案为 A.a balanced diet 泛指“一种平衡的饮食”;make room 为固 定搭配,意为“腾出空间”。 考点四、 考查不定冠词在具体化的抽象名词前的用法 1. —How about_____Christmas evening party? —I should say it was_____success. A. a; a B. the; a C. a; 不填 D. the; 不填 「解析」 答案为 B.the Christmas evening party 为特指刚结束的圣诞晚会;a success 考查抽象名词具体化时的不定冠词用法。success 原为抽象名词,不可数, 但

在此处已经完全具体化而变为可数名词。题中 a success 意为“一次成功的晚会”。当抽 象名词表示具有某种特性、状态、情感、情绪的人和事时,这个抽象名词已经变为可数名 词,再如 What a pleasant surprise you gave us! 意为“你真的给我们带来了惊 喜”。 「精选试题」 名校模拟题及其答案 1 (盐城中学高一年级 12 月份阶段考试, 21) We?ll be traveling by ________ camel across the desert before we go to ________university. A. /; the B. the; / C. /; / D. the; a 2(沈阳二中 2008—2009 学年度上学期 12 月月考,8)Richard Powers? The Echo Maker, ____ novel set in ___ small t own of Kearney, Nebraska, US, has won the 57th US National Book Award for fiction. A. the; the B. a; a; C. a; the D. /; the 3 (辽宁省营口市 08-09 学年普通高中高二上学期期末质量检测, 1) He is in ____ control of the company. I mean, the company is in _ ___ control of him. A. the; / B. /; the C. the; the D. /; / 4 ( 银 川 市 实 验 中 学 2009 届 高 三 年 级 第 三 次 月 考 , 33 ) Now that Tom hates_______ school, the school becomes_______ prison to him A. a;a B. /;a C. a;/ D. /;/ 5 (宁夏银川一中 2009 届高三年级第三次月考, 21) In _____ preparation for the launching of Shenzhou Ⅶ, scientists need ______ knowledge of weather changes. A.the; the B.a; ∕ C.∕; a D.the; a 6(山东济南高二英语 08-09 期末统考试题,33)Because of ______ high demand for Type AB blood, ______ supplies of it are usually limited. A. the; the B. 不填; 不填 C. 不填; the D. a; the 7.The sign reads “In case of ____ fire, break the glass and push ____ red button. ” A. 不填;a B. 不填;the C. the; the D. a; a 8.I earn 10 dollars ____ hour as ____ supermarket cashier on Saturdays. A. a; an B. the; a C. an; a D. an; the 9.There?s ____ dicti onary on ____ desk by your side. A. a; the B. a; a C. the; a D. the; the 10.—Where is my blue shirt? — It?s in the washing machine. You have to wear ____ different one. A. any B. the C. a D. other 11. If you have got temperature without coughing and headache, perhaps you have caught cold.Just stay in bed .Don?t think that you h ave got HINl. A the;the;不填 B a;a;不填 C.a;the;the D a:a:the 12 As global warming continues to be major concern for the future of our planet,people are starting to turn to gmen living practices to help save it for future generations. A. a:the B.a;不填 C 不填;the D.the;the

13.Every second day he went to the library for some books to read. But after a page or two,he would put the book down and pick up new one A.the:a B 不填;龇 C th.;the D 不填;a 14 The education of young has become hot and serious topic in the present society. A the;不填 B.a;the C.不填;the D the;a 15 He has good knowledge of many foreign languages,and one of them is English which is language spoken by many people in the world. A the:a B.a;the C.a;a D.the;the 16 Throughout history nan has had to accept fact that all living things must die. A the:the B.;a C 不填;the D 不填;不填 17 一 Was problem solved? 一 We were trying to think of way out,but it was impossible to find one. A a:the B the;a C.the;不填 D.; 。 18.I am in charge of the class which was in charge of my wife. A.不填:the B 不填;不填 C the;不填 D the;the 19 While music is just so-so, story in this TV play is quite moving A the:the B 不填;不填 C.the;a D 不填;the 20.According to World Health Organization,health care plans are needed in all big cities to prevent spread of AIDS A the:the B.th.;不填 C.a;a D 不填;the 21 Nowadays Intenet is becoming increasingly popular and new high speed broadband network has recently started. A.a;the B the;a C a;a D the;the 22.We made Xiao Ming monitor at the class meeting last Saturday, since ten students have been looking after the old man by turns , including monitor A our;不填 B 不填;the C.the;the D.a;our 23 It was reposed by the foreign media that the 29th Beijing Olympic Games was unique and successful event in Olympic history. A a;不填 B.the;the C.不填;the D.a;the 24 As is known, it was Hu Jintao, presidem in our nation, who gave lecture at the opening ceremony of Beijing Olympics. A the;a B the;不填 C;the D 不填;a 25 Love is way of life,but not aim of it A.the;the B.a;the C a;all D.the;an 26 Many people have come to realize that they should go on balanced diet and make room in heir day for exercise. A.the;不填 B the;a C the;the D 不填;a 27 1 wanted to catch early train,but couldn?t get ride to the station A an;the B 不填;the C an;不填 D the;a

28 Gorge couldn?t remember when he first met Mr Anderson.but he was sure it was Sunday because everybody was at churc h A 不填;the B the;不填 C;不填 D 不填:a 29 Polar bears live mostly on sea ice,which they useas platform for hunting seals. A.a;a B.a;the C 不填;a D the;不填 30. waIk is expected to last all day,so bring packed lunch A.A;a B.The;不填 C.The;a D.A;不填 ——答案与解析—— 1.C 「解析」 by +camel 表示乘坐交通工具, 中间不用任何冠词; go to university 上大学 固定搭配。 2 C「解析」一本小说,可数;特指某个城镇,用定冠词。 3 B「解析」in control of 人控制某事某物;in the control of 某事某物在人的 控制下。4 B「解析」学校专有名词这个时候不加,泛指;像一座监狱,可数名词。 5 C「解析」in preparation for 固定搭配;a knowledge of 某一门知识,这 个时候可数。 6D「解析」a demand for 固定搭配一个…需求;专指前面 AB 血型的供给。 7 . B「解析」fire 表示火,抽象 不可数,那个红色的按钮特指。 8 C「解析」一个小时可数,而且读音开头是元音,所以用 an;作为一个超市收银员 也是泛指可数。 9. A「解析」桌子上有一本词典,不具体所指;你身边的桌子特指。 10. C「解析」泛指另外一件 T 恤。 11 B.「解析」第一空和第二空是抽象名词具体化。此时 temperature 表示发烧, cold 表示感冒,应加不定冠词。第三空 in bed 是固定短语,意为躺在床上。 12 B.「解析」第一空用不定冠词,表示人们关心的事情之一;第二窄空后而是复数名 词,前面不加冠词。 13.D.「解析」 。Every second day 每隔一天,中间不加冠词;第二空表示泛指, 用不定 冠词 a,所以答案选 D. 14 D.「解析」第一空 the young 是定冠词加形容词可表示一类人;第二空表示泛 指一个,此处意为已经成为一个热门而义严肃的话题。 15 B.「解析」have a good knowledge of 对……很了解;第二空表示特指,因 为后面有定语修饰。 16 C.「解析」history 为抽象名词,其前不加冠词;fact 后带有同位语。应表示特 指,所以答案选 C. 17 B.「解析」第一空指说话双方都知道的事情,所以用定冠词;第二空的意思 是想 出一个好方法,way 是可数名词,所以应该用不定冠词,因此答案选 B. 18 A.「解析」句意:我在管理由我妻子管理的班级。in charge of 负责,管理,其 主语通常是人,in the charge of 由… …负责或管理,其主语通常是物。故答案选 A. 19 A.「解析」本题的两个设空之处都指的是说话双方都明白的事情,应该用定冠词, 所以答案选 A. 20 A.「解析」世界卫生组织前应该用定冠词;第二空特指疾病的传播,也应该用定冠 词。故答案为 A. 21 B, 「解析」Intenet 为专有名词,成用 the 来修饰;而一条新的高速宽带网为泛 指,用不定冠词 a 来修饰。

22 B.「解析」动词 make 之后用作补语的名词 monitor (班长)表示职位,故不 加冠词。第二空用定冠词 the,表特指(即上文提到的我们选出的班长) 。 23 D.「解析」考查冠词的特指与泛指用法。第一空表示某类事物中的一个用不定冠 词,第二空特指奥林匹克历史,用定冠词。 24 D. 「解析」 表示职位的名词 president 作同位语, 其前不加冠词; give a lecture 为固定用法,意思是做演讲。 25 B.「解析」第一个空为 a way of life 一种生活方式,表泛指;第二个空用 the, 特指生活的目的。故选 B. 26 A.「解析」考查固定搭配中冠词的用法。get ona diet 节食,make room for 抽出时间或空间,room 是不可数名词。 27 D.「解析」the early train 早班车,为习惯说法。后半句的意思是:但是却没 有赶上去火车站的车。get a ride 搭便车。 28 C.「解析」此处意为但是他确信那是一个星期天,因为大家都在做礼拜。 be at chutch 做礼拜。 29 C.「解析」ice 是不可数名词,表泛指时不需要用冠词;platform 是可数名词, 用 a 表示泛指。 30 C.「解析」第一空用 the 表示说话双方都知道的事情;第二空用 a,表泛指。


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