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Unit 2 Healthy eating词和短语


Unit 2

Healthy eating

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(Ⅱ)用所给词的适当形式填空
1.Time is limited (limit), so you must finish it in 30 minutes.

2.To keep healthy, you should keep a b

alanced (balance) diet.
3.Being a good teacher, you should know your students' strengths and

weaknesses

(weak).

4.She is as tall as you, but she's slimmer
5.The survivors lay

(slim) than you.

(lie) on the beach, exhausted and shocked.

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(Ⅲ)语境填词(用所给词的适当形式填空)
1.Children are always curious about everything they see and hear.They will ask all kinds of questions curiously .To meet their
curiosity , we'd better answer them.(curiosity)

2.This new railway benefits this area in many ways.It is
beneficial

to the people living in this area.For the benefit

of more people, we should build more railways.(benefit)

3. The man looks strong , but he hasn't enough strength to lift the heavy box.He needs to strengthen his body.(strength)

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一、常考词汇细点拨
1.balance n.天平;平衡;结余;余额v.平衡;权衡

[高考佳句] You are working too hard. You'd better keep a balance between work and relaxation. (2012· 天津高考单项填空) 你工作很勤奋,你最好在工作与休息之间找到一个平衡点。

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(1)keep the balance of nature keep one's balance

保持生态平衡 保持平衡 失去平衡

lose one's balance (= be out of balance)

(2)balance sth.against
(3)balanced adj. keep a balanced diet

权衡;斟酌;比较
保持(或显示)平衡的 保持饮食均衡

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①Nowadays, the balance of nature is being destroyed and the weather is getting warmer and warmer. (2011· 重庆高考书面表达)

现在,自然平衡正在遭到破坏,天气正在变得越来越热。
②You have to balance the advantages of living in the countryside against the disadvantages.

你得权衡一下住在乡下的好处和坏处。

③You'd better keep a balanced diet health. 为了有益于身体健康你最好均衡饮食。
英语

for the benefit of your

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[熟词生义] 选择句中balance的含义

④I must check my bank balance. ⑤You should balance the advantages against the

disadvantages before you give up your present job. A.权衡
答案:④B ⑤A

B.差额;余款

C.使均衡

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2.limit vt.限制;限定n.界限;限度

[经典例句] A lack of formal education will limit your job opportunities.(朗文 P1319) 没有接受过正规教育会限制你的就业机会。
(1)limit ... to ...
(2)beyond the limit within the limits of set a limit to sth. there is a/no limit to

把??限制在??内
超过限度 在??范围内 对??规定限度 对??是有限的/无限的

(3)limited adj. be limited to sth.
英语

有限的 受限制于??
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①I believe teaching should not be limited to the classroom. 我认为教学不应该局限在教室里。
②There is a limit to one's life, but no limit to serving the people. 一个人的生命是有限的,但是为人民服务是无限的。

③He was born in a poor family, and only received limited education in his childhood. (2012· 浙江高考书面表达) 他出生在一个贫困家庭中,童年时期仅仅接受了有限的教育。

(2011· 湖北高考)Knowledge and learning are important if we want to be successful, but they may also ______our thinking. A.direct C.change
英语

B.limit D.improve
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3.strength n.[C]长处;强项 [U]力量;体力
[高考佳句] One day, he gathered up all his strength and decided to attend a job interview.(2013· 山东高考阅读A) 有一天,他鼓起勇气决定参加一个工作面试。
(1)strength and weakness build up one's strength The strength of ... is that ... 优缺点 增强体质 ??的优势是??

(2)strengthen vt.

加强;增强

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①To make members of a team perform better, the trainer first of all has to know their strengths and weaknesses.
为了使队员在比赛中表现得更好,教练首先要了解他们的优势和劣势。

②Practising Chinese kung fu can not only build up one's strength , but also develop one's character. 练中国功夫不但能增强体质,还能培养一个人的品质。

③The strength of his diet is that it contains plenty of vitamin and fibre.
他的饮食的优势为其中含有丰富的维生素和纤维。

④I believe that this magazine will surely strengthen our ties.
我相信这本杂志定会加强我们的联系。

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[熟词生义] 选择句中strength的含义
⑤Maths is my strength, while I don't do well in A.力气;力量 B.体力 English.

C.强项

答案:C

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4.benefit vt.& vi.有益于;有助于;受益n.好处;利益;优势
[高考佳句] As we know, books are the source of knowledge,
(2012· 江西高考书面表达)

from which I benefit a lot.

我们都知道书是知识的源泉,我从中获益匪浅。

(1)benefit from/by ... benefit sb.

从??中受益;得益于?? 对某人有益

(2)be of (much/great) benefit to sb. = be (very) beneficial to sb. for the benefit of ...
英语

对某人(非常)有益处

为了??的利益
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①It is an expensive investment but it will benefit the company in the long run.
这是一项花费很大的投资,但从长远来看,它将对公司有好处。

②Keep it in mind, and gradually we can gain this good learning habit and benefit from it. (2013· 四川高考书面表达)

记住它,我们逐渐地就可以养成这种好的学习习惯并且从中获益。

③It is said that yoga is of great benefit to human health. = It is said that yoga is very beneficial to human health. 据说瑜伽对人体健康有很大益处。
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[链接高考] (2012· 福建高考) China has been pushing the reform of public
hospitals ________ all its citizens. A.in charge of C.in honor of
答案:D

B.for the purpose of D.for the benefit of

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二、间考词汇自识记
1.combine vt.& vi.(使)联合;(使)结合
combine ... with ... in combination with 把??与??结合起来 与??联合起来

Many people like the film because it combines education with recreation. 许多人喜欢这部电影,因为它把教育与娱乐结合起来。

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2.debt n.债务;欠债
be in/out of debt 欠/不欠债

be in sb.'s debt 欠某人之情 You saved my life: I am forever in your debt.
你救了我的命:我永远感恩不尽。

3.consult vt.咨询;请教;商量;查阅;查找
consult sb. about sth. consult with sb.(about/on sth.) 向某人咨询某事 (就某事)与某人商量

Now you had better consult with a physician. 现在你最好去找内科医生协商一下。
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1.lose weight

体重减轻;减肥

2.get away with 3.tell a lie
4.win ... back

受到从轻发落;(做坏事)不受惩罚 说谎
赢回;重新获得

5.earn one's living 6.in debt
7.spy on
8.cut down 9.put on weight

谋生 欠债
暗中监视;侦查
削减;删节 增加体重

10.glare at
英语

怒目而视
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1.However hard you try, it is difficult to lose weight (很难减 肥) without cutting down the amount you eat. 2.Hans broke up with his girlfriend but he's determined to
win back her trust (重新赢回她的信任). is deep in debt

3.His company

(债台高筑) because of his
spying on (暗中监视) the

bad management.

4. The young man was accused of secret information.

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5.Our money is running out.We should cut down our daily
expenses

(减少日常开支).

6.Though Jenny is the best student in study, she shouldn't
get away with telling a lie/lies

(撒谎不受惩罚).

7.His parents died when he was 17, so he had to earn his living
on his own

(靠自己谋生).

8.You eat the foods containing too much sugar and fat, which makes you put on weight (发胖) easily.

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1.get away with 受到从轻发落;(做坏事)不受惩罚

[高考佳句] Do you think the murderer should get away with it?(2012· 辽宁高考阅读 A) 你认为凶手应该逃脱惩罚吗?
get into the habit of 养成……的习惯 get away (from) (从……)脱离;逃脱(……) get rid of 摆脱;除掉 get down to (doing) sth. 开始认真地做某事 get in touch with 与……取得联系 get over 克服……;从……中恢复过来
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get away with a ①For such a serious mistake he was lucky to___________

fine.

他犯了那么严重的过失,却侥幸只交罚款了事。

into the habit of ②Many homeless people get __________________begging to get
enough money to stay alive. 许多无家可归的人开始有了乞讨谋生的习惯。

③It is hard for the Greek government to get over the present difficulties unless it gets more financial support from the European Union.(2012· 福建高考单项填空) 除非有来自欧盟的更多的经济支持,否则希腊政府很难克服 目前的困难。
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2.cut down削减;砍倒;缩短某物;降低;杀死或杀伤某人

[经典例句] By getting the design right, you can cut down on accident.(朗文P537) 改进设计可以减少意外事故。

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[一词多义]
写出下列句中cut down的含义

①Every one of us can make a great effort to cut down the use of energy in our country.(2012· 全国卷Ⅰ短文改错)
减少;削减

②With more and more forests/trees (being) cut down, some animals are facing the danger of dying out.
砍倒

③We might cut the book down to a hundred pages. 削减
④Hunger, cold and illness cut down many of the villagers.

杀死;夺去??的生命
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cut in cut up cut out cut through cut off

插话;让某人分享利润 切碎;齐根切掉 删除 开辟 切断;中止;隔绝
cut off

⑤I'd feel very

if I didn't know what was

happening in the world. 如果我不知道世界上发生了什么,我会感到与世隔绝。
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[链接高考]
(2013· 陕西高考)My uncle hasn't been able to quit smoking, but at least he has ________. A.cut out C.cut up B.cut down D.cut off

答案:B

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反馈练习

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[短语对点集训] Ⅰ.句型转换
1.If you cheat in the exam, you are sure to be punished for it. →If you cheat in the exam you'll never
with it.
get

away

2.Lewis owes a lot of money because he has purchased a new house. →Lewis is in debt because he has purchased a new house.

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3.The boy makes a living by selling newspapers. →The boy earns
his living by selling newspapers.

4 . (2014· 福建南平质量检查 )Adopting the doctor's advice, he ________ coffee and cigarettes and ate a balanced diet. A.cut down C.turned down 答案:A B.broke down D.put down

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2.(2013· 江西临川一中压轴考试)In terms of character teaching, storytelling is one of the best ways to ________ your points ________, especially to young kids. A.get; around C.get; over B.get; across D.get; through
答案:B

3.“With more and more businesses closing down, it is hard to________ nowadays,” she said with a sigh. A.earn one's living C.make a life
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B.make a living D.earn one's life
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答案:B

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[单词对点集训] Ⅰ.单项填空 1.(2014· 浙江台州中学模拟)In order to finish his paper, he has
________ many books in the library. A.referred C.consulted B.looked into D.looked up

解析:考查动词及短语意义。A项应加to,refer to“查阅”; look into“调查”;consult“查阅”;look up“查找”。
答案:C
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2.Many young people would like to have an expensive wedding even if they have to borrow a lot of money and be heavily ________ after that. A.in trouble C.in love B.in surprise D.in debt

解析:句意:许多年轻人喜欢举行豪华的婚礼,即使他们 不得不为此借一大笔钱,之后债台高筑。in 债”。
答案:D
英语

debt

“欠

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3.If you just spend time ________ advantages and disadvantages, you may get nothing in the end. A.matching C.observing B.balancing D.examining

解析:balance advantages and disadvantages意为“权衡利 弊”。
答案:B

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4.It is important that parents shouldn't always satisfy children's requests without ________. A.reach C.limit B.range D.effort

解析:考查名词辨析。句意:父母不应该总是毫无限制地满 足孩子们的要求,这很重要。without limit“毫无限制”, 符合句意。without reach“够不着”;without range“无范 围”;without effort“没有努力”。
答案:C
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Ⅱ.多维演练(练得更细、更全、更彻底!)
1.strength面面观
(1)(2014· 安徽重点中学高三联合考试)Laughter is good medicine.Scientists believe that it ________ the heart and lungs. A.cures C.weakens B.stresses D.strengthens

解析:考查动词辨析。句意:笑是一剂良药。科学家认为它 可以增强心肺功能。strengthen“增强;加强”,符合句 意。
答案:D
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(2)(2014· 曲阜一中高三摸底)Many

countries are

increasing

their use of natural gas, wind and other forms of alternative ________. A.energy C.power B.strength D.force

解析:句意:许多国家正增加天然气、风和其他可替代能源的 利用。energy“能源;精力”;strength“力气;力量”; power“权力;力量”;force“力;力量”。
答案:A
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(3)(2014· 河北三河一中仿真考试)After the operation, Bill has been doing a lot of physical exercise to build up his ________. A.ability C.energy B.strength D.mind

解析:build up one's strength“增强体力”,为固定搭配。
答案:B

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(2)(2014· 浙江十校学期初联考)The fresh air________our health and we ________it. A.benefits from; benefit from B.benefits; benefit from C.benefits from; benefit D.benefits; benefit
解析:句意:新鲜的空气对我们的健康有好处,我们受益于 它。benefit作及物动词时,意为“对??有益/好处”;作不及 物动词时,后跟介词from或by,意为“从??中受益”。
答案:B
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2.benefit多棱镜

(1)完成句子
①为了健康,充分的睡眠是必要的。

For the benefit of your health , it is necessary to have enough
rest.
②众所周知,均衡饮食有利于我们的身体健康。 It is known to us that a balanced diet ? is beneficial to our health ? ? is of benefit to our health ? benefits our health . ?
英语

. .

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