2016 届 第 一 学 期 期 中 考 试
注意事项： 1．答卷前，考生在答题卡上务必用直径 0.5 毫米黑色墨水签 字笔将自己的姓名、准考证号填写清楚。 2．在试题卷上作答无效。
第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 20 分）
转涂到答题卡上。 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例: How much is the shirt? A. ￡19.15 B. ￡9.18 C. ￡9.15 答案是 C。 1. How much do the tickets for the concert cost? A. $80 B. $40 C. $60 2. What subject does the woman think is less difficult? A. History. B. Mathematics. C. Literature. 3. What does the woman mean? A. She is only too pleased to come. B. She didn?t go in for mountaineering. C. She was an excellent mountain-climber. 4. Where is the man going first? A. To the Healey Supermarket. B. To the airport. C. To Canada. 5. What does the woman most probably think of the man? A. Naughty. B. Kind-hearted. C. Careless. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分；满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。 每段对话或独白后有 2 至 4 个小题, 从题中所给的 A、 B、 C 三 个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前，你将有 5 秒钟的时间阅读 各个小题；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的做答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What time is it now? A. 11:00 am. B. 11:30 am. C. 12:00 noon. 7. Where does the conversation take place? A. On the train. B. At the train station. C. At the restaurant. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 9 题。 8. Why can?t Adam go boating with the woman tomorrow? A. He is busy preparing a speech contest. B. He is taking a vacation in China now. C. He has to work overtime tomorrow.
9. What will the man do tomorrow? A. Reading a new book. B. Writing at home all day. C. Spending an hour in the park. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Why is the man surfing the Internet? A. To get major news. B. To learn English. C. To get information. 11. What does the man prefer? A. Engineering. B. Economics. C. Medicine. 12. When does the conversation probably take place? A. On February 28. B. On March 30. C. On April 6. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What was the news about? A. Jenny?s famous songs. B. Jenny?s saving a baby?s life. C. Jenny?s winning a music contest. 14. How much money did Jenny receive? A. 2,500 dollars. B. 3,000 dollars. C. 5,000 dollars. 15. What do we know about the woman? A. She performed at the TV station. B. She is well known to the public. C. She is an unknown songwriter. 16. How does the woman feel now? A. Excited B. Surprised C. Envious 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What was unusual about their first meeting? A. The doctor was not very experienced. B. The doctor hadn?t seen the medical reports. C. The patient was misunderstood by the doctor. 18．How did the doctor treat the patient? A. The doctor treated her with the help of her previous doctors. B. The doctor always listened to her and believed her. C. The doctor treated her with strong medicine. 19. What did the previous doctors think of her mental health? A. Surprising B. Hopeful C. Serious 20. What did the doctor advise the patient to do? A. To change her job. B. To keep a closer relationship with her family. C. To get married.
第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分）
第一节 单项填空（共 15 题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题, 从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. The British took words from other countries --- something we call “borrowing”, _____ the words were kept. A. because B. as though C. even though D. if 22. Serious reading, in _____ form it may take, has its place in the advance of human civilization. A. which B. what C. whichever D. whatever 23. The crashed plane had been kept in service for longer than _____ intended. A. originally B. vaguely C. temporarily D. consistently 24. The British new visa policy allows tourists to leave and return to the country without _____ paperwork again for two years. A. submitting B. substituting C. appointing D. registering 25. By tradition, in Britain, 21 guns are fired as a general rule _____ the Queen on her birthday. A. in memory of B. in salute to C. on behalf of D. in celebration of 26. ---The food in Zhengzhou doesn?t agree with me. --- You are _____ for disappointment if you expect the same taste in a toally different region. A. fragile B. unfit C. bound D. apparent 27. --- So many tourists pour into such beautiful places. --- I think it necessary they _____ be well preserved. A. can B. shall C. should D. may 28. President Xi?s visit to the UK creates a win-win situation, _____ both China and the UK will benefit a lot in economic and social development. A. one where B. one C. which D. the one in which 29. October 29 saw China _____ its one-child policy, _____ all couples to have two for the first time since 1980. A. end; allowing B. end; having allowed C. ending; to allow D. ending; allowed 30. --- Jack, how are you recently? --- Just so-so. My business failed and I am reduced to _____ occasionally . A. burn myself out B. hiring myself out C. trying myself out D. stretch myself out 31. --- I will have two midterms tomorrow. --- Me, too. So you _____ any sympathy from me here. A. aren?t getting B. didn?t get C. haven?t got D. aren?t going to get 32. Having considered the _____ of the problem, they worked out a detailed plan carefully. A. regulations B. foundations C. dimensions D. decorations 33. ---Hey, Franc, join us. Don?t you know “All work and no play make a dull boy”? ---Thanks for inviting, but I think _____ and I have fallen behind.
A. Great minds think alike, but fools seldom differ B. The early bird catches the worm C. Don?t count your chicken until they are hatched D. Make hay while the sun shines 34. --- Did you participate in his celebration party yesterday? --- No, I _____ my mother do housework all day. A. would help B. helped C. had helped 35. ---Have you watched the film Mission: Impossible --- Rogue Nation? --- _____. But I have been working on my graduation thesis. A. Of course not. B. Why bother? C. How dare I?
D. was helping
D. I hope so.
第二节: 完形填空(共 20 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 20 分)
请认真阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的 A、 B、 C、 D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Eventually all suns will 36 their fuel, explode and then become cold and dark. Matter itself will disappear and the universe will become 37 for the rest of time. This was the general drift of my thoughts as my wife and I 38 my eldest son as a freshman at college. That moment at the dorm is 39 at the kindergarten door, at the gates of summer camp, at every occasion of parting and 40 . But it comes surprising, taking what you 41 most. Our ancestors thought this parting should take place 42 . In many societies adolescents were sent away to live with friends or relatives right after adolescence. This was supposed to 43 the conflicts that come from 44 teenagers and their parents very near. Eighteen years is not enough. The days pass uncounted, until they 45 . The adjustment is upsetting. My son is on the 46 side --- observant, thoughtful, a practitioner of companionable silence. I know this is hard on him as well. He will be homesick. Among the greatest 47 of college students is they won?t have a room at home to return to. But with due respect to my son?s feelings, I have the 48 of parting. I know something he doesn?t --- incomprehensible to the young. He is experiencing the 49 that come with beginnings. His life is starting for real. I have begun the long letting go. Put another way: He has a wonderful future in which my part 50 decreases. I?m sure my father realized it at a(n) 51 moment. And I certainly didn?t notice or understand. At first, he was a giant who held my hand and 52 my sky. Then a middle-aged man who paid my bills. Now, decades after his passing, a much-loved 53 . But I can remember the last time I hugged him in his home, where I always had a room. I can only hope to leave my son the same. My son, those days have been the greatest wonder and 54 of my life. And there will always be a 55 for you. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. A. add A. empty A. dropped out A. delayed A. reliance A. wonder A. before B. use B. boundless B. dropped off B. implied B. importance B. need B. later
C. consume C. expanding C. dropped in C. missed C. responsibility C. value C. afterwards
D. supply D. hopeless D. dropped back D. captured D. independence D. miss D. earlier
43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55.
A. minimize A. drawing A. come A. excited A. fears A. better A. comprehension A. naturally A. difficult A. filled A. breadwinner A. pressure A. house
B. cause B. relating B. end B. sad B. pities B. pleasure B. recognition B. sharply B. critical B. cleared B. shape B. privilege B. chance
C. manage C. housing C. break C. anxious C. reliefs C. worse C. adjustment C. immediately C. important C. clouded C. guard C. substitute C. room
D. settle D. seating D. start D. quiet D. pains D. benefit D. consideration D. suddenly D. similar D. broke D. shadow D. inspiration D. dream
第三部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分）
请认真阅读下列短文, 从短文后各题所给的 A、 B、 C、 D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A
Homonym: a word that has the same spelling and the same pronunciation as another world, but a different meaning Same spelling, different meaning Imagine, then a situation where two words are spelt and pronounced exactly the same way, but have completely different meanings. Welcome to the world of homonyms. Take, for example, the word ?fail? --- it can be a kind of festival, and adjective to describe the color of your hair or how you should play a game. Don’t take it literally So how do you know which meaning someone is referring to? --- You don?t, except by the context. Obviously, if someone asks you to ?give them a hand?, they don?t want you to remove what is at the end of your arm. What’s in a name? Sometimes even the context doesn?t help much --- the result can be amusing. These sentences play with the double meaning of a noun:
I used to be a banker, but I lost interest. Have you heard about the cross-eyed teacher who couldn’t control his pupils? A small boy swallowed some coins and had to go to hospital. When his grandmother phoned to ask how he was, the nurse said: ‘No change yet’. More ambiguity And these examples play with the different meanings of a verb: I wondered why the ball was getting bigger. Then it hit me. No one knew she had a dental implant until it came out in a conversation. A boiled egg in the morning is hard to beat. Double trouble And sometimes a word can be a noun and a verb, but have different meanings. Can you work this one out? Time flies like an arrow. Fruit flies like a banana. If you like these homonyms, you will be pleased to know that English has plenty more! Explanations of jokes in the text I used to be banker, but I lost interest. (I became bored with the job / I lost money) Have you heard about the cross-eyed teacher who couldn’t control his pupils? (students / parts of his eyes) A small boy swallowed some coins and had to go to hospital. When his grandmother phoned to ask how he was, the nurse said: ‘No change yet’. (no difference in the situation / no money) I wondered why the ball was getting bigger. Then it hit me. (the ball hit me / I suddenly realized) No one knew she had a dental implant until it came out in a conversation. (became known / fell out) A boiled egg in the morning is hard to beat. (can’t be better / difficult to mix with a fork) Time flies like an arrow. (time goes quickly) Fruit flies like a banana. (insects enjoy eating fuit.) 56. Which of the following statements about homonyms is NOT true? A. They share the same spellings regardless of meanings. B. We can?t know their meanings without context. C. We may still feel confused even with context. D. Their ambiguity brings great trouble to our life. 57. The “beat” in the sentence “A boiled egg in the morning is hard to beat, making for a satisfying breakfast.” has a similar meaning to _____. A. The rain was beating down on the tin roof. B. Taking the bus sure beats walking. C. The doctor could feel no pulse beating. D. You?ve been working too hard, you look dead beat.
B We might think we know which colours do what. The idea that red wakes us up or blue calms us down is deeply rooted in Western culture. But do they really change our behaviour in the ways that we assume? When it comes to scientific research, the results are mixed and at times contested. Some studies have found that people do better on cognitive tasks when faced with red rather than blue or green; others show the opposite. The idea is that if you repeatedly have a particular experience surrounded by a certain colour, then you eventually begin to associate that colour with the way you were feeling or behaving. A school career spent reading your teacher?s red writing circling your mistakes forever makes you link red with danger. Blue meanwhile is more likely to be associated with calmer situations like marvelling at a big blue expanse of sky. Of course there will always be exceptions --- the comment from the teacher saying “well done” is also written in red. It is true that people do make different associations with different colours, but whether this translates into behaving in a certain way or succeeding at a particular task is a different question. In 2009 researchers tried to clarify the situation. They sat their participants at computer screens coloured blue, red or “neutral” and tested them on various tasks. With a red screen people did better on tasks requiring attention to detail, but when the screen was blue they did better on creative tasks. In practice this might be tricky. In a classroom you might want to think creatively some of the time and pay attention to detail at others. However, when another team tried to repeat the study with a larger group of people in 2014, the effect of colour disappeared. The initial study consisted of just 69 people. In this new, bigger study, of 263 volunteers, background colour made no difference. So colours might well have an effect, but so far those effects have been difficult to demonstrate consistently and sometimes don?t seem to exist at all. 58. What?s the major function of the first paragraph? A. To present a widely held view B. To raise a question of behavior change C. To introduce the theme of the passage D. To summarize the whole passage 59. The author mentions the exception in Paragraph 3 in order to show _____. A. there are exceptions to every rule B. people tend to associate colors with behaviors C. colors don?t necessarily mean particular behaviors D. colors do matter to those who desire success 60. It can be concluded from the results of the studies in 2009 and 2014 that _____. A. the research findings are practical in indoor decoration B. solid evidence is inadequate to prove how colors affect us C. a larger study may help confirm colors? effects on our behaviors D. walls should be painted different colors depending on different tasks C My father was, by nature, a cheerful, kindly man. Until he was thirty-four years old he worked as a farm-hand for Thomas Butterworth near the town of Bidwell, Ohio. On Saturday evenings he drove his horse into town to spend a few hours in social intercourse with other
farm-hands. He was quite happy in his position in life. It was in his thirty-fifth year that father married my mother, a school teacher. Something happened to the two people. The American passion for getting up in the world took possession of them. Mother induced father to give up his place as a farm-hand, sell his horse and start an independent enterprise of his own. They rented ten acres of poor stony land and launched into chicken raising. One inexperienced in such matters can have no idea of the many and tragic things that can happen to a chicken. It is born out of an egg, lives for a few weeks as a tiny fluffy thing, then becomes naked, gets diseases, and dies. A few hens, and now and then a rooster, intended to serve God?s mysterious ends, struggle through to maturity. The hens lay eggs out of which come other chickens and the awful cycle is thus made complete. It is all unbelievably complex. Most philosophers must have been raised on chicken farms. One hopes for so much from a chicken and is so awfully disappointed. Small chickens, look so bright and in fact so awfully stupid. They are so much like people they mix one up in one?s judgments of life. If disease does not kill them they wait until your expectations are thoroughly aroused and then walk under the wheels of a carriage. In later life I have seen how a literature has been built up on the subject of fortunes to be made out of the raising of chickens. It is intended to be read by the gods who have just eaten of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. It is a hopeful literature and declares that much may be done by simple ambitious people who own a few hens. Do not be misguided by it. It was not written for you. Go hunt for gold on the frozen hills of Alaska, put your faith in the honesty of a politician, believe if you will that good will defeat evil, but do not read and believe the literature that is written concerning the hen. For ten years my father and mother struggled to make our chicken farm pay and then they gave up that struggle and began another. They moved into the town of Bidwell, Ohio and began the restaurant business, with the tiny hope of looking for a new place from which to start on our upward journey through life. 61. Which of the following is the right order of what happened? a. Father got married to Mother, a school teacher. b. Father quitted working at Butterworth?s. c. My parents launched a business in Bidwell. d. Father socialized in town on Saturday evenings e. My parents started their job of chicken farming. A. d-a-b-e-c B. d-a-c-b-e C. d-b-a-e-c D. d-b-a-c-e 62. By saying “Most philosophers must have been raised on chicken farms”, the author means that chicken farming _____. A. is so complex that only philosophers can comprehend it B. gives you a philosophical insight into life C. exposes you to a complete circle of life D. allows you the time to judge the life 63. In the author ?s opinion, the literature about chicken raising _____. A. is full of hope and positive energy B. proves the victory of good over evil C. persuades you to believe in politicians D. tends to be blindly optimistic about its rewards 64. What?s the author ?s attitude towards parents? dream of rise to success?
C. skeptical D. indifferent D A four-year-old girl sees three biscuits divided between a stuffed crocodile and a teddy bear. The crocodile gets two; the bear one. “Is that fair?” asks the experimenter. The girl judges that it is not. “How about now?” asks the experimenter, breaking the bear?s single biscuit in half. The girl cheers up: “Oh yes, now it?s fair. They both have two.” Strangely, children feel very strongly about fairness, even when they hardly understand it. Adults care about fairness too --- but how much? One way to find out is by using the ultimatum (最后通牒) game, created by economist Werner Guth. Jack is given a pile of money and proposes how it should be divided with Jill. Jill can accept Jack?s “ultimatum”, otherwise the deal is off, and neither gets anything. Suppose Jack and Jill don?t care about fairness, just about accumulating cash. Then Jack can offer Jill as little as he likes and Jill will still accept. After all, a little money is more than no money. But imagine, instead, that Jack and Jill both care only about fairness and that the fairest outcome is equality. Then Jack would offer Jill half the money; and Jill wouldn?t accept otherwise. What happens when we ask people to play this game for real? It turns out that people value fairness a lot. Anyone offered less than 20-30% of the money is likely to reject it. Receiving an unfair offers makes us feel sick. Happily, most offers are pretty equitable; indeed, by far the most common is a 50-50 split. But children, and adults, also care about a very different sort of (un)fairness, namely cheating. Think how many games of snakes and ladders have ended in arguments when one child “accidentally” miscounts her moves and another child objects. But this sense of fairness isn?t about equality of outcome: games inevitably have winners and losers. Here, fairness is about playing by the rules. Both fairness-as-equality and fairness-as-no-cheating matter. Which is more important: equality or no-cheating? I think the answer is neither. The national lottery(彩票), like other lotteries, certainly doesn?t make the world more equal: a few people get rich and most people get nothing. Nevertheless, we hope, it is fair --- but what does this mean? The fairness-as-no-cheating viewpoint has a ready answer: a lottery is fair if it is conducted according to the “rules”. But which rules? None of us has the slightest idea, I suspect. Suppose that buried in the small print at lottery HQ is a rule that forbids people with a particular surname (let?s say, Moriarty). So a Ms Moriarty could buy a ticket each week for years without any chance of success. How would she react if she found out? Surely with anger: how dare the organisers let her play, week after week, without mentioning that she couldn?t possibly win! She?d reasonably feel unfairly treated because ___________________. To protest(抗议) against unfairness, then, is to make an accusation of bad faith. From this viewpoint, an equal split between the crocodile and the bear seems fair because (normally, at least), it is the only split they would both agree to. But were the girl to learn that the crocodile doesn?t like biscuits or that the bear isn?t hungry, I suspect she?d think it perfectly fair for one toy to take the whole. Inequality of biscuits (or anything else) isn?t necessarily unfair, if both parties are happy. And the unfairness of cheating comes from the same source: we?d never accept that someone else can unilaterally(单方面地) violate agreements that we have all signed up to. So perhaps the four-year-old?s intuitions( 直觉 ) about fairness is the beginnings of an understanding of negotiation. With a sense of fairness, people will have to make us acceptable offers (or we?ll reject their ultimatums) and stick by the (reasonable) rules, or we?ll be on the
warpath. So a sense of fairness is crucial to effective negotiation; and negotiation, over toys, treats etc, is part of life. 65. It can be inferred that in the ultimatum game, _____. A. Jack keeps back all the money B. Jill can negotiate fair division with Jack C. Jack has the final say in the division of money D. Jill has no choice but to accept any amount of money 66. From Paragraph 2 to 4, we can conclude _____. A. people will sacrifice money to avoid unfairness B. fairness means as much to adults as to children C. something is better than nothing after all D. a 30-70 split is acceptable to the majority 67. Which of the following does fairness-as-no-cheating apply to? A. divisions of housework B. favoritism between children C. banned drugs in sport D. schooling opportunities 68. Which of the following best fits in the blank in Paragraph 7? A. the lottery didn?t follow the rules B. she was cheated out of the money C. the lottery wasn?t equal at all D. she would never have agreed to those rules 69. The chief factor in preventing unfairness is to _____. A. observe agreements B. establish rules C. strengthen morality D. understand negotiation 70. The main purpose of the passage is to ______ A. declare the importance of fairness B. suggest how to achieve fairness C. present different attitudes to fairness D. explain why we love fairness
第四部分：任务型阅读（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意：请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填一个单词。 Amazon?s Top 100 book list changes hourly, but two coloring books for grownups are the mainstays right now. An artist named Johanna Basford pretty much owns two slots of the top seven books on Amazon, next to household names like Erik Larson and Dr. Phil. But Basford?s books aren?t novels --- they?re collections of black-and-white drawings. The artist, who graduated from design school in 2005 and is based in Scotland, has turned her lovely ink drawings into coloring books “for grownups.” And they?re wildly popular, selling millions of copies. What is it about these books that has made them so popular with adults? Basford told me that when she first suggested to publishers the idea of a grownup coloring book four years ago, “colouring for adults wasn?t the trend it is now. You can imagine how quiet they went after I suggested it.” But the book she ended up drawing has become a phenomenon: 2013?s Secret Garden: An Inky Treasure Hunt and Coloring Book is currently #2 on Amazon?s Top 100 and has sold 1.4 million copies. The followup, Enchanted Forest: An Inky Quest & Coloring Book, is #6 right now. Why is coloring suddenly a craze amongst grownups?
Basford pointed to some reasons --- first, that coloring books are a way for adults who don?t normally draw or paint to be creative. “A blank sheet of paper can be discouraging, but a colouring book acts as a bit of a buffer(缓冲) in this situation,” she says. Second, coloring books don?t require anywhere near as much logical thought as, say, drawing a portrait. There are psychological benefits, too: “I?ve heard from so many people ranging from lawyers, financial advisers, business owners and busy mums, all say the same thing: that colouring helps them relax. Then there?re people who are recovering from illness or dealing with a difficult time in their lives, they too find the calming effects of colouring is beneficial to them.” What?s so striking about Secret Garden and Enchanted Forest is that they?ve managed to stay at the top of Amazon?s best seller list as physical books, alongside those that can be instantly downloaded and read. Basford hears that too: She points out that her books are an activity that can be done without the help of your wifi router. “It?s a chance to unplug, look away from the screens and do something fun,” she says. Maybe Basford has plugged into a vast and unacknowledged desire to really, actually do nothing --- to let the brain take over, without the technology. Secret Garden & Enchanted Forest Author Johnna Basford ● She is an artist graduating from design school and 71 now in Scotland. ● She 72 third on Amazon behind Erik Larson and Dr. Phil. ● With all the publishers? 73 , she still stuck to her idea to draw. ● They are coloring books, many black-and-white drawings 74 . ● 75 are their target readers. ● They have become extremely successful, with millions of copies sold. ● Strikingly, as physical books, they top Amazon?s best seller list along with 76 . ● Compared with a blank sheet of paper, it can 78 people to be creative in drawing or painting. ● They can bring inner 79 to patients and stress-out adults with different occupations. ● They allows people the 80 to have entertainment without technology.
About the books
Reasons why the books have become such a(n) 77
第五部分：书面表达（满分 25 分） 81. 请阅读下面文字,并按照要求用英语写一篇150 词左右的文章。
A netizen wrote on Weibo on Sept 11 regarding a couple?s shameful behavior of carving their names on a 300-year-old vat at the Palace Museum and called for the museum to report the case to the police. The post caused a heated discussion online. Some criticized the offending behavior, saying, “I don?t want to visit the Palace Museum only to find relics being carved by immoral tourists.” Others said it is common that ancient relics in Palace Museum are being damaged and laws should be introduced. Apart from random carvings, the Palace Museum has met several cases of shameful behaviors this year. In March open-air relics were trampled(踩踏) and in May unclothed models were photographed riding on ancient relics in the museum?s courtyard. Similar incidents take place every year. In 2013, a visitor named Liang Qiqi cut “Liang Qiqi has come here” on a vat in the tourist attraction, causing a mass internet hunting. Worse still, in 2013, a Chinese boy carved his name on a stone sculpture at an ancient temple in Egypt and produced widespread reaction worldwide. 【写作内容】1. 用约30个单词概述上述信息的主要内容； 2. 结合上述信息，简要分析这种行为的不良影响； 3. 从社会和个人两方面谈谈如何提升国民素质(不少于两点)。 【写作要求】1. 写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句； 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称； 3. 不必写标题。
2016 届高三第一学期期中考试英语试卷答案 听力： 1-5 CCBAC 单选选择： 21-25 CDAAB 完型填空： 36-40 CABBD 6-10 ABACC 11-15 BACAC 16-20 ABBCA
阅读理解： 56-57 DB 58-60 CCB
任务型阅读： 71. living / working 72. ranks / comes 73. disapproval / disagreement(s) / objection(s) 74. contained 75. Adults / Grownups 76. e-books 77. hit / success 78. encourage 79. calmness / peace / relaxation 80. chance / possibility 书面表达： The passage presents some news about Chinese tourists? uncivilized actions in scenic spots. They show disrespect for and even do damage to cultural relics. Such offending behaviors have triggered intense criticism and accusation. Such uncivilized behaviors can have serious consequences. For one thing, they will damage the original beauty of historic relics and even distort the message they carry. For another, with the exposure of these scandals worldwide, China?s national image is without doubt spoiled despite a civilization of thousands of years. Therefore, it?s an urgent issue to improve the qualities of the whole nation. The government should strengthen supervision and impose severe punishment for such behaviors. Besides, it?s vital to educate individuals about the importance of preserving historic sites and to encourage them to behave themselves wherever they travel. In a word, it calls for joint efforts from the government and ordinary people to maintain and establish a good reputation of civilization.
听力原文： Text 1 M: How much do the tickets for the concert cost? W: It?s $40 full-fare for you and half-fare for your daughter since she is under 10. Text 2 M: According to the report, about 90 percent of the students did quite well in history, but only 70 percent in literatures. W: Well, I still think that history is a little more complicated than literature. Text 3 M: Would you like to go mountaineering with us? W: Count me out. I? m no mountain-climber! Text 4 W: Where shall I drop you off, sir? M: I'm going to the airport，but please stop at the Healey Supermarket. My wife is waiting for me there. We?re going to Canada together. Text 5 M: Have you seen my maths textbook, Mom? W: What? Again? Why do you always leave your books everywhere? Text 6 W: Good afternoon, sir. When is the next train to London? M: Let me check. The next train to London departs at 11:30 am, half an hour from now. W: One ticket, please. M: OK. It costs 25 pounds. W: And here is 30 pounds. By the way, is food served in the train? M: Yes. Lunch is served at noon, just half an hour after you get on the train. W: Thanks. Text 7 W: Would you like to go to the park tomorrow, Henry? I really want to go boating. M: I? d like to, but I can? t. I? m working on my new book now, and I want to spend some time at home tomorrow writing. Why not ask Adam to go? W: Adam is busy, too. He is preparing for a speech contest. M: Then what about Jack? W: He? s in China right now on holiday. He won? t be back until next Friday. So, Henry, do you have to write all day tomorrow? M: No. W: Then why not spare just an hour to go boating? You find yourself inspired by getting out. M: OK, but one hour at most. I must finish my book by next Saturday.
Text 8 M：What are you doing，Michael? M：I am surfing the internet for information about universities. W：So you are thinking about applying for university? M：Right，the early bird catches the worm. W：Which university do you prefer? M：Three universities are within my choice，Manchester，Liverpool and Oxford. W：Oh，all are famous. What do you wish to major in? M：My father wants me to take off engineering；my mother prefers medicine while I prefer economics. W：Have you decided yet? M：Not really. W：When is the deadline for the application? M：For most universities，it's March 13th. but for smaller universities, four or 'five weeks later. W：So there is not much time left for you with two weeks to go. M：Right，I'd better hurry. Text 9 W: Did you watch the 6:30 news on TV yesterday evening? M: No. Was there any big news? W: No, not really, but Jenny was on the news! M: Really? Was it because of her saving that baby?s life the other day? W: No, it was because she won a music contest. Do you know what the prize was? M: 5,000 dollars? W: No, half that, and also a trip to the television station. While she was there, she got to perform the song I wrote for her. M: That?s great. I love your song. It? s beautiful. Now after Jenny?s performance, both Jenny and you will be known to the public. W: I hope so. I?ve been writing songs for so many years. Now the public has finally heard my music. M: I? m so happy for you and Jenny. Text 10 As a young mental doctor in a psychological clinic, I was asked to see Ross, a 20-year-old woman who was transferred to us from another clinic. It was an unusual case where no information about this new patient was received before our first appointment. I have to figure out what her problems were from my own judgement. When we met, I saw her as an unhappy, misunderstood woman who hadn?t been listened to in her earlier treatment. Her job and family life were in trouble. I tried to listen to her and to my joy, she responded so positively to being heard. I thought we had a good start. Later, her medical reports arrived and to my great surprise, in the record, her mental problem was very serious and her previous doctors regarded her case as being hopeless. I decided to ignore those reports and never treated her as if she had a hopeless situation. Things improved greatly. Listening to my suggestions, Ross found a new job and lived away from
her troubled family. One day she even told me that she met a lovely guy. The man later became her husband after two years. Finally when we finished the treatment, Ross sent me a note that said, “Thank you for trusting me well.”