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南通.扬州.淮安.泰州四市2015届高三第三次调研英语


南通、扬州、淮安、泰州四市 2015 届高三第三次调研


第一部分 听力 (共两节,满分 20 分)



第 I 卷 (三部分 共 85 分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂 到答题卡上。

第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分)
听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。 听完每段对话后, 你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Who is the man? A. A student. B. A salesman. C. A policeman. 2. What does the woman want to do? A. Cancel the meeting. B. Change the time of the meeting. C. Skip the meeting. 3. What do we know about the man? A. He has never been across the ocean. B. He does not understand what the woman means. C. He likes mathematics a lot. 4. What kind of job would the woman prefer? A. Any job with a high salary. B. An average job with a nice salary. C. An exciting job with an average salary. 5. What are the speakers talking about? A. The weather. B. What happened last night. C. Sleeping problems.

第二节 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中 选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小 题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. What is special about the meal? A. The amount of food. B. The price of food. C. The kind of food. 7. What does the man suggest the woman do? A. Try a dessert. B. Try his favorite meat. C. Eat as much as possible. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. What did the man ask the woman to do? A. Take a break. B. Take more pictures. C. Show him the photos. 9. Why did the man complain? A. The beach was dirty. B. There were no pictures of him. C. The weather was bad. 10. What can we learn from the conversation? A. The woman is very selfish. B. The man will copy his pictures into his PC. C. The speakers are on vacation. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. Why does the man wish to break up with his girlfriend? A. She is not as pretty as she once was. B. They don’t get along well. C. He will move soon. 12. What does the woman think of the matter?

A. The man should not take the job. B. The man might be reasonable. C. The man should maintain this relationship. 13. How does the man think his girlfriend will feel at his decision? A. Sad. B. Calm. C. Happy. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 14 至 17 题。 14. What is the woman looking for? A. Some saucepans. B. Some frying pans. C. Some plates. 15. When did she first see them? A. This morning. B. Yesterday. C. Some days ago. 16. What did the man ask the woman to do? A. Have a look at the window display. B. Check all the kitchenware in stock. C. Describe the item she wanted. 17. How might the woman feel in the end? A. Disappointed. B. Excited. C. Surprised. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. What happened to the elderly gentleman? A. He got stuck in the doors of the train. B. He missed the train. C. He was seriously injured on the train. 19. What do we know about the gentleman’s wife? A. She was in great panic. B. She cried for help.

C. She remained calm. 20. Who offered to help solve the problem? A. The speaker and two other men. B. The conductor. C. Nobody.

第二部分 英语知识运用 (共两节, 满分 35 分) 第一节 单项填空 (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分)
请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 21. Never lie to your friends and, you know, honesty and trust are the ______ of true friendship. A. distinction B. acquisition C. foundation D. function

22. Jane laughs loudly and laughs a lot, which enables us to know her coming before she ______. A. turns up B. turns around C. turns back D. turns away

23. We came to the point at the last moment ______ the coach had laid stress on. A. where B. that C. when D. as

24. —What did David demand in the meeting just now? —______ a chance to join the Debating Club. A. Being offered C. To be offered B. Having been offered D. To have been offered

25. Digital teaching has ______ our way of learning and excited us to focus in class. A. guaranteed B. transformed C. evaluated D. revealed

26. Don’t worry. When he kept silent, Mr White ______ his approval for our plan. A. would show B. is showing C. was showing D. has shown

27. Now students have more time for self study ______ teachers talk less in class. A. in that B. in case C. even if D. so that

28. —The pain and suffering caused by the war seventy years ago is the old woman’s ______ memory. —Yes, she often tells us about that disaster. A. poor B. current C. vague D. permanent

29. —Mum, my mobile phone is nowhere to be found. —______ it in the locker room of the gym? A. May you leave B. Can you have left

C. Could you leave

D. Must you have left

30. I like that bookstore because whenever I buy a book there, they will offer me a book cover ______. A. for good measure C. beyond my reach B. at any cost D. on their own

31. Simon ______ his father for such a long time that he understands almost every gesture of his father’s. A. attends B. had attended C. would attend D. has attended

32. _____, the environment of our city has been greatly improved. A. Paid attention to C. Paying attention B. Being paid attention to D. Having paid attention

33. ______ a girl put her card into a machine outside a bank in London on January 19, 1968 means the world’s first ATM was born. A. Whether B. When C. How D. That

34. My parents are talking about their school days as if they ______ back at school. A. are B. were C. have been D. had been

35. —Do you mind if I open the window? —No, ______. A. look out B. forget it C. go ahead D. take it easy

第二节 完形填空 (共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分)
请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Middle school students today may behave surprisingly. Are you often 36 of them?

My daughter (12 yo, 7th grade) is on the cross-country team at her middle school. As with any 37 , the cross-country team has its ―stars‖ as well as its less 39 38 athletes. Ethan, Michael (8th

grade) and Kenji (7th grade) are the

runners for the boys. Yesterday was the first track meet of 40 .

the season, and when she got home, my daughter told me a story that made me

According to my daughter, one of the new 6th graders is a boy named Albert. He is apparently ―a little short and 41 ‖ and has never played any 43 42 races before. The 6th graders ran last, three 44

laps (圈) around the school.

in the race, Albert was dead last. All of the other racers were 45

the race when he was just at the end of his second lap. Albert thought he was

near the end. But

quickly the poor kid realized that he had another whole lap left to run. He broke down and started 46 .

When Ethan, Michael, and Kenji saw Albert in a didn’t even

47

mood in the middle of the field, they 49

48 . All three of them immediately went out on the field to run Albert’s last lap 50 the rules in cross country, yet they all remained 52

him. Everyone knew that was

51 . Both

other teams hung around and waited for Albert to finish. When he managed to three schools cheered for him. After my daughter told me this sweet story I said, ―I hope Albert doesn’t this.‖ She replied, ―No! He’ll get better, he just needs some And that is why I 55 middle school children. 54 .‖

the finish line, all

53

the team after

36. A. tired 37. A. recreation 38. A. gifted 39. A. energetic 40. A. moved 41. A. athletic 42. A. ignored 43. A. Early 44. A. undergoing 45. A. even 46. A. rushing 47. A. black 48. A. rest 49. A. for 50. A. within 51. A. guilty 52. A. approach 53. A. join 54. A. help 55. A. award

B. proud B. competition B. committed B. clumsy B. relaxed B. outgoing B. organized B. Finally B. enjoying B. also B. complaining B. relaxed B. pause B. behind B. outside B. blank B. touch B. hate B. strength B. love

C. ashamed C. sport C. ambitious C. top C. confused C. earnest C. sponsored C. Exactly C. continuing C. merely C. hesitating C. strange C. confirm C. with C. under C. silent C. break C. quit C. confidence C. teach

D. nervous D. course D. confident D. lazy D. embarrassed D. stout D. approved D. Surprisingly D. finishing D. hardly D. crying D. cheerful D. arrange D. past D. against D. worried D. cross D. pick D. challenge D. support

第三部分 阅读理解 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)
请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在

答题卡上将该项涂黑。

56. What can we infer from the above about the movies mentioned? A. Mr. Peabody & Sherman reflects the feature of the novel completely. B. Child’s Pose is worse than other Romanian films made in the past decade. C. Winter ’s Tale is not considered by the writer as interesting as its original.

D. 300: Rise of an Empire succeeds in avoiding common drawbacks of sequels. 57. The above writing is probably carried in the column ―______‖. A. What’s on C. New movies B. Brief review D. Recommended movies

B Creativity is generally characterised by the ability to observe the world in new ways, to find hidden patterns, to make connections between seemingly unrelated phenomena, and to produce solutions. Creativity involves two processes: thinking, then producing. If you have ideas, but don’t act on them, you are imaginative but not creative. Some people say creativity has nothing to do with innovation—that innovation is a discipline, implying that creativity is not. In fact, creativity is also a discipline, and a crucial part of the innovation equation. There is no innovation without creativity. A study on creativity shows 8 in 10 people feel that unlocking creativity is critical to economic growth and nearly two-thirds of people feel creativity is valuable to society, yet a striking minority – only 1 in 4 people – believe they are living up to their own creative potential. Another study reveals that we are naturally creative and as we grow up we learn to be uncreative. Creativity is a skill that can be developed and a process that can be managed. Creativity begins with a basis of knowledge, learning a discipline, and mastering a way of thinking. You learn to be creative by experimenting, exploring, questioning assumptions, using imagination and synthesing (综合) information. Learning to be creative is similar to learning a sport. It requires practice to develop the right muscles. Beliefs that only special, talented people are creative weaken our confidence in our creative abilities. The concept that geniuses (天才) such as Shakespeare, Picasso and Mozart were ―gifted‖ is a myth (神 话). Researchers examined outstanding performances in the arts, mathematics and sports, to find out if ―the widespread belief that to reach high levels of ability a person must possess a born potential called talent.‖ Few showed early signs of promise prior to parental encouragement. No one reached high levels of achievement in their field without devoting thousands of hours of serious training. Mozart trained for 16 years before he produced an acknowledged master work. Moreover many high performers achieve levels of excellence today that match the abilities of a Mozart, or a Gold Medallist from the turn of the century.

58. Real creative people must be good at ______.

A. relating various things to each other B. using their heads whenever possible C. looking at things from different angles D. putting what they think of into practice 59. Why does the writer refer to learning a sport? A. To claim that people are not born creative. B. To illustrate the difficulty of acquiring creativity. C. To prove that creativity begins with knowledge. D. To show the relation between creativity and sports. 60. A conclusion can be drawn from the passage that ______. A. creative people are equal to gifted people B. how hard you work decides if you will succeed C. talent is not as important to creative people as confidence D. parental encouragement plays a key role in developing creativity

C Everyone is familiar with white fat, which serves as an energy warehouse. Many mammals also have brown fat, which has the unique ability to produce heat. Brown fat is sometimes mistaken for a type of gland (腺), which it resembles more than white fat. It varies in color from dark red to tan. When the animal is exposed to a cold environment, the color darkens. In contrast to white fat, brown fat has numerous nerves which provide sympathetic stimulation (刺激) to the fat cells. Brown fat is most noticeable in newborn animals, wrapped round the central organs to keep them warm. In human infants it occupies up to 5% of body weight, then declines gradually. Certain quantities of brown fat can be discovered in adult humans, especially when they are exposed to cold temperatures. Most of brown fat in adults is located in the lower neck. Exposure to cold leads to sympathetic stimulation of brown fat cell. As in white fat, sympathetic stimulation promotes hydrolysis (水解) of triglyceride (甘油三酸脂), with release of fatty acids. In contrast to other cells, including white fat cells, brown fat cells express UCP1, which gives the cell’s mitochondria (线粒体) an ability to produce heat rather than ATP. Within brown fat cells, most fatty acids are immediately combined with oxygen in mitochondria and a large amount of heat is produced. There is only about 50g of brown fat in the neck region and it switches on and off throughout the

day as it’s exposed to different temperatures or if you exercise or eat. But this capacity is much greater in young children compared with adolescents and adults. The challenge is now to use the knowledge to find out what might switch on brown fat. If it is switched on, we can benefit from it. Brown fat produces lots of heat by burning calories. Unlike white fat, brown fat does not expand our ageing waistlines. And that’s why the race is on to find out more about brown fat, and how humans could use it to our advantage, though we would waste energy unnecessarily, and we would sweat a lot and forever be opening windows.

61. Which is the unique factor of brown fat producing heat? A. Fatty acids. C. UCP1. B. Triglyceride. D. ATP.

62. We can learn from the passage that brown fat ______. A. becomes less in amount with age B. proves less active in low temperatures C. exists nowhere but in the lower neck D. has nothing in common with white fat 63. The underlined word ―infants‖ in Paragraph 3 means ―______‖. A. cells B. organs C. bodies D. babies

64. We take special interest in brown fat mainly because it helps us ______. A. save energy C. keep warm B. develop power D. keep our figure

D I do not know Sybrina Fulton. Nor can I claim to understand the depth of her pain. Yet, we share a deep connection. A common feature experienced by those women who face the challenge of raising a Black male child in a nation that far too often views Black male bodies through fear. You see, Ms. Fulton is living my nightmare (恶梦). A constant worry that has stayed in the back of my mind since the birth of my eldest son, some sixteen years ago. Through the years, I have witnessed the world’s reaction to my son evolve as he has grown from a small boy to a young man. In his early years, his easy smile and lovable character were nothing less than magnetic (有磁性的). Complete strangers would approach him in the street, draw him into conversation, and find themselves easily struck by his lively spirit. Even at that time I worried, how would my son react

when in the years to come some of those who found themselves so impressed by this cute, intelligent boy, might grasp their purse tighter as he walked by. Over the years I have sought to protect his spirit from the hurt that comes from undeserved hatred. I have also sought to arm him with the knowledge that could one day save his life. He knows, for example, that if he is ever pulled over by the police, that he is to keep both hands on the wheel at all times and only reach for his license when the officer is specifically observing his actions. He knows, even in less threatening situations, that rough play and loud interactions with his buddies of any color will be viewed very differently when he does it, than when his white friends display the very same behavior. Still, the truth of the matter is, no amount of advice or voiceless behavior overcomes the physical, immovable fact of the color of his skin. His intelligence, easy smile, and lovable character won’t protect him from unfounded assumptions of criminality. What makes the Trayvon Martin travesty (歪曲) of justice so painful to me, personally, is the knowledge that Trayvon’s mother loved her baby no less than I love mine. The various pictures of moments throughout a happy childhood that have now found a home on nationwide newscasts provides clear evidence of that. Yet no amount of love and care, and no words of advice could have saved her son from the cruel killing he faced at the hands of a self-appointed neighborhood watch-dog. And perhaps even worse, nothing could have prepared her for the inhuman way her son has been treated by officials even in death. To think for three long days, his parents searched for him while officials failed to inform them of his fate and instead, performed drug and alcohol tests on his lifeless body, while failing to do the same for his attacker—the only one of the two who indeed had a criminal past is frankly, unforgivable. To know that the words of her son’s killer were given more weight than eye-witnesses and taped evidence of her child’s screams and eventual death must be heartbreaking. But to also have to live with the fact that his attacker still breathes free while her son lays buried underground is certainly more than any sorrowful parent should have to endure (忍受). It is this type of pain that is not unfamiliar to the Black experience in America, for this is the Black mothers’ burden. A burden we have endured for centuries. We know the pain of having our newborn babies grabbed from our loving arms to be sold into lifelong servitude (奴役) and to never again experience the warmth of a mother’s loving hug. Yet, there is still the rightful expectation, that in modern-day America, the wheels of justice would not be stopped. So today, it is my hope that Trayvon’s mother, father, family and friends can take some comfort in the fact that millions of Americans of every color stand with them in their fight for justice. This is a burden no family should have to endure alone.

We will not give up. We will not forget. We will continue the fight until justice is done.

65. What do you know about Sybrina Fulton? A. She was anxious about her son. B. She was painful to lose her son. C. She had trouble in raising her son. D. She had the same dream as the writer. 66. Who does the writer actually refer to when mentioning ―grasp their purse tighter‖? A. Passers-by. C. Teenagers. B. White people. D. Wealthy people.

67. By ―keep both hands on the wheel at all times‖, the writer means her son should ______. A. get ready to resist C. show his innocence B. remain where he is D. pretend to be scared

68. From the story of Trayvon Martin, we can infer that ______. A. he was killed simply because of his color of skin B. he was accused of taking drug even after his death C. he kept silent even when he was being attacked D. the police failed to find strong evidence against the attacker 69. The article is mainly intended to ______. A. draw attention to the facts about killings B. give comfort to the victims’ families C. appeal for the end to the terrible situation D. display hatred for terrible phenomena 70. Which can be the proper title for the passage? A. The cruel killings B. The daily sufferings C. The black son’s fate D. The black mother ’s burden

第Ⅱ卷 (两部分 共 35 分)

第四部分 任务型阅读 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)
请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意:每个空格只填 1 个单词。请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。 Ambition is the driving force behind every great accomplishment yet, on the other hand, it’s a constant voice urging you to do more. When ambition bothers you, it feels like no matter how much you accomplish or how hard you work, you haven’t done enough. This kind of fear always stays hidden in you. You fear not because you are unsuccessful but because you are unsatisfied with yourself. If you can’t control ambition, your mind becomes painful. Then how can you manage your ambition? Here are some suggestions for you.


Each year most of us set goals. Most of us also file away those goals until the clock strikes

midnight 12 months later. But goals, not unlike objectives that are set by a board (董事会) in a business, are unfixed things. What’s a priority in January seems laughable in December. So hold your personal board meeting each quarter. During this meeting, review your goals, ana