枣阳市第二中学高三年级 2015-2016 学年度上学期期中考试英语试题
命题人：高谭 审题人：葛一搏 满分 150 分，考试时间 120 分钟 ★ 祝考试顺利 ★
B. make sure the images of movies are dark C. make illegal copies of movies unpleasant to se
e D. protect the eyesight of viewers in the darkness 3．What is the correct order of the steps in Hadaia’s test? a. She projected pictures on the screen. b. She used cameras to record the pictures. c. She turned on the LEDs placed behind the screen. d. She made a special box with a movie screen inside. A. d c a b B. d b a c C. b a c d D. b c a d 4．According to the last paragraph, we can know that _______. A. forty percent of movies now are profitable B. small theaters often choose to show low-cost movies C. more and more people go to theaters to fight movie piracy D. filmmakers prefer to produce ordinary movies than blockbusters There is a popular belief among parents that schools are no longer interested in spelling. No school I have taught in has ever ignored spelling or considered it unimportant as a basic skill There are, however, vastly different ideas about how to teach it, or how much priority it must be given over in general language development and writing ability. The problem is, how to encourage a child to express himself freely and confidently in writing without holding him back with the complexities of spelling? If spelling becomes the only focal point of his teacher's interest, clearly a bright child will be likely to "play safe". He will tend to write only words within his spelling range, choosing to avoid adventurous language. That's why teachers often encourage the early use of dictionaries and pay attention to content rather than technical ability. I was once shocked to read on the bottom of a sensitive piece of writing about a personal experience: "This work is terrible! There are far too many spelling errors and your writing is illegible." It may have been a sharp criticism of the pupil's technical abilities in writing, but it was also a sad reflection on the teacher who had omitted to read the essay, which contained some beautiful expressions of the child's deep feelings. The teacher was not wrong to draw attention to the errors, but if his priorities had centered on the child's ideas, an expression of his disappointment with the presentation would have given the pupil more motivation to seek improvement. 5．Teachers differ in their opinions about ________. A. the difficulties in teaching spelling B. the necessity of teaching spelling C. the complexities of the basic writing skills D. the role of spelling in general language development 6．The expression "play safe" probably means “_______”. A. to write carefully B. to avoid using words one is not sure of C. to do as teachers say D. to use dictionaries frequently
（共两部分，满分 70 分）
第一部分 阅读理解 （满分 40 分） 第一节 （共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） Cheaters called “pirates” often use camcorders(便携式摄像机) and cell phones to make illegal copies of blockbusters in the local theater. These pirates then sell those recordings on the street or over the Internet for very low prices. Some share them for free. “It’s unfair for people to pirate movies,” says 15-year-old Hadaia Azad Ezzulddin. Movie piracy “takes money out of the pockets of thousands of people in the movie industry,” she notes. Victims include famous actors and directors as well as local theater owners and their employees. Hadaia came up with an idea that could help stop movie piracy. Hadaia’s idea uses infrared(红外线的) light. This range of light is invisible to the human eye. It is visible, however, to many types of cameras. Theater owners could place small infrared lights on their movie screens. The lights would not disturb people watching the movie. It would, however, distort the recordings made by many types of cameras. To test her idea, Hadaia built a box with a movie screen inside. Then, she projected images on that screen through a hole in the box. She took recordings of those images, using nine different types of cameras. These included the types found in cell phones as well as camcorders. During some tests, she also turned on light emitting diodes(发光二极管), or LEDs. The LEDs were embedded（植入的）in a certain place behind the movie screen. They gave out infrared light. Sure enough, she showed, a pirated movie included odd stripes or spots if it had been recorded while the LEDs were on. It might be possible to use the LEDs to flash the date and time on the movie screen. The information would then appear in the illegal recordings. Theater owners or police might use the information to track down the pirates. Cutting down on piracy might get more people into theaters to watch the real movie instead of an illegal copy. Six out of every ten films now produced aren’t profitable. They don’t make enough money to recover how much was spent to make and market them. Such a poor payback can discourage filmmakers from producing anything but the types expected to become blockbuster hits. It might also keep smaller theaters from showing a wider variety of movie types. 1． From what Hadaia says in Paragraph 2, we can infer that _______. A. most people spend less money on pirates moves B. the pirates don’t have to pay for the movie tickets C. theater owners will increase the price of movie tickets D. she strongly criticizes those who video movies in the theater 2．Infrared lights are put on the movie screens to _______. A. adjust the brightness of the movie screens
7．Teachers encourage the use of dictionaries so that ______. A. teachers will have less trouble in correcting mistakes B. students will have more confidence in writing C. students will be able to express their ideas more freely D. students will learn to be independent of teachers 8．The major point discussed in the passage is ________. A. the relationship between spelling and content of a composition B. the importance of developing writhing skills C. the correct way of marking compositions D. the complexities of spelling The extraordinary Eastgate Building in Harare, Zimbabwe’s capital city, is said to be the only one in the world to use the same cooling and heating principles as the termite mound(白蚁堆). Architect Mick Pearce used precisely the same strategy when designing the Eastgate Building, which has no air-conditioning and almost no heating. The building—the country’s largest commercial and shopping complex—uses less than 10% of the energy of a conventional building of its size. The Eastgate’s owners saved $3.5 million on a $36 million building because an air-conditioning equipment didn’t have to be imported. The complex is actually two buildings linked by bridges across a shady, glass-roofed atrium(天井) open to the air. Fans suck fresh air in from the atrium, blow it upstairs through hollow spaces under the floors and from there into each office through baseboard vents(通风口). As it rises and warms, it is drawn out via ceiling vents and finally exists through forty-eight brick chimneys. During summer’s cool nights, big fans blow air through the building seven times an hour to cool the empty floors. By day, smaller fans blow two changes of air an hour through the building, to circulate the air which has been in contact with the cool floors. For winter days, there are small heaters in the vents. This is all possible only because Harare is 1600 feet above sea level, has cloudless skies, little dampness and rapid temperature changes—days as warm as 31℃ commonly drop to 14℃ at night. “You couldn’t do this in New York, with its hot summers and cold winters,” Pearce said. The engineering firm of Ove Arup & Partners monitors daily temperatures. It is found that the temperature of the building has generally stayed between 23℃ and 25℃, with the exception of the annual hot period just before the summer rains in October and three days in November, when a doorkeeper accidentally switched off the fans at night. And the air is fresh—far more so than in air-conditioned buildings, where up to 30% of the air is recycled. 9．Why was Eastgate cheaper to be built than a conventional building? A. It was designed in a smaller size. B. No air conditioners were fixed in. C. Its heating system was less advanced. D. It used rather different building materials. 10．What does “it” refer to in Paragraph 3? A. Hollow space. B. Baseboard vent. C. Fresh air from outside. D. Heat in the building.
11．Why would a building like Eastgate Not work efficiently in New York? A. New York has less clear skies as Harare. B. Its dampness affects the circulation of air. C. New York covers a larger area than Harare. D. Its temperature changes seasonally rather than daily. 12．The data in the last paragraph suggests Eastgate’s temperature control system_____. A. works better in hot seasons B. can recycle up to 30% of the air C. functions well for most of the year D. allows a wide range of temperatures While working in Southeast Asia in the mid 1990’s, I became a branch manager in a factory. At the beginning, I used human relations principles, such as putting myself into the others place to help gain trust. After a few months, I was told that the factory team members liked and trusted me. Then the owner, seeing how everyone thought well of me, believed that I could become an instrument of change to carry out his several unpopular programs. The factory members resisted and eventually saw me as a puppet controlled by the owner. The more I insisted that they ‘follow orders’ the more they found ways to weaken the new changes. Finally, I was replaced by a manager who knew enough to please both masters. Even though the owner did not like the fact that his new changes were not immediately applied, the new manager gained his power by the support received from his team together with an intention to find a way. What I learned was that your team must always see you as supportive of their needs, even to the extent that the owner may not be pleased that you are unable to follow their wishes. At the end of the day, if your people do not follow you then you are no longer in charge and will be replaced. At first I blamed my boss for putting me in such a position. Then in honest reflection, I began to realize that he had probably hoped that I would have found some middle ground. What I could have done was to first obtain their advice about why they did not wish to follow the new policy changes, and then I should have used my influence with both the owner and team members to find a better way. Though, in fact it is a painful lesson for me, it has served me well along my career path! 13．What can we learn from the passage? A. Obeying is the best quality. B. Giving is always a pleasure. C. Appreciating others will benefit a lot. D. Dealing with relationship is important. 14．The underlined word “puppet” has the similar meaning to A. instrument B. assistant C. wretch D. winner 15．Which is the right order according to the passage? a. He was removed from his position. b. He got on poorly with the coworkers. c. He carried out the orders of the owner.
d. He became a branch manager. f. He was believed in not only by coworkers but leaders. A. a, b, d, c, f B. f, d, c, b, a C. d, f, c, b, a D. d, c, f, b, a 16．From the third paragraph we can infer that . A. the new manager carried out the programs at once B. the new manager got on badly with workers C. workers need to be recognized and supported D. you should make full use of your power Although I started learning English during my college years, when I entered the States, I only understood two English words “Yes” and “No”. We learned many grammar rules but we could not make the language connections to the real English world. Language frustration worries almost all first generation immigrants. For example, I got a letter from a Chinese-American who has lived in the States for a long time and has a good IT job saying “My 11-year-old girl writes quite well, but as her parents, we could not even read her article.”In addition, my Chinese-American professor friend has difficulty reading a novel. Improving our English skills has become a long journey for all of us. Honestly, if I have a chance, I really want to reach out to everyone in the world who has had a similar experience: learning a second language in adulthood. I wish I could encourage them to speak out about the culture shock, frustration they felt about the differences between West and East. I have mainly focused on my English writing since 2008 after I found “Literacy Volunteers”, an organization that specially focuses on helping immigrants improve their English. I decided to challenge myself, writing a story like an American. I saw many wonderful Americans there. As soon as I met my teacher Alice, I asked her to be my private language tutor and have taken Tims English class. Every week Alice and I have worked on my English essays sentence by sentence. To observe the culture differences between West and East, occasionally, I posted a few of my English essays online. I mentioned previously about American culture; when people read the same article or even face the same situation, American and Chinese act very differently. In my viewpoint, these differences make America the strongest country in the world. I know you have the right to express your own opinions, but accusing others without proof is not acceptable. 17．The underlined word “frustration” in the first paragraph means A. failure and setbacks B. words and problems C. understanding and progress D. slang and idioms 18．In the passage, “Literacy Volunteers” is . A. only intended to help the Chinese-Americans B. an organization which is set up to make a profit C. of great use to people like the author D. a school showing how to enjoy literature 19．From the last paragraph we can learn that . A. Americans and Chinese are of the same idea about something B. culture shock only exists between Chinese and Americans C. accusing others freely can be acceptable in America .
D. culture differences have great influence on the people 20．The purpose of the passage is . A. to show how hard a Chinese-American lives in America B. to share her experience of improving her English C. to imply grammar rules are not important D. to warn Chinese-Americans of English 第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节： 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） The famous composer(作曲家)，Albert Roussel，didn’t have a good start in this career. However，he achieved a great deal of success as a result of a ． Roussel's parents died when he was eight and he went to live with his ． As a little boy， he fell in 1ove with music and himself about it by reading through the family collection that his mother kept． which there were a lot of related books． Three years later． Roussel’s grandfather died， and his mother’s sister decided to him． Her husband was a kind man and for young Roussel’s music lessons．One summer vacation at a Belgian seaside added a second to his life—the sea．Then he studied to be a naval cadet(海军学员)，but still took time to study ． In the French Navy，he and two friends found the time to a band，playing the works of Beethoven and other ． Roussel also began composing． On Christmas day 1892， he had his first chance to as a composer，which turned out to be a success． That success Roussel to write a wedding march(婚礼进行曲)，and one of his navy friends to show it to a famous conductor， Edouard Colonne． When Roussel’s friend with the manuscript(手稿)，he reported that Colonne had advised Roussel to his naval career and devote his life to music． Not long ， at the age of 25， Roussel decided to Edouard Colonne’s advice． He gave his heart and soul to his composing and a major force in the twentieth century’s French music．Because of Eduoard Colonne’s inspiring ，Roussel devoted his life to music，but Rousssel’s friend later admitted that he had made it up．He said he had never even shown Roussel’s manuscript to the famous conductor． 21．A．joke B．1ie C．guess D．hope 22．A．neighbor B．aunt C．teacher D．grandfather 23．A．taught B．chose C．improved D．asked 24．A．among B．between C．within D．before 25．A．miss B．catch C．raise D．1eave 26．A．paid B．applied C．1ooked D．waited 27．A．page B．1ove C．wish D．job 28．A．an B．English C．dance D．music 29．A．deal with B．make for C．set up D．take away 30．A．teachers B．professors C．composers D．singers 31．A．perform B．produce C．study D．publish
32．A．found B．encouraged C．forbade D．wanted 33．A．came B．brought C．refused D．offered 34．A．went B．returned C．1eft D．ran 35．A．give up B．keep to C．begin with D．focus on 36．A．however B．therefore C．afterwards D．then 37．A．repeat B．change C．correct D．follow 38．A．became B．replaced C．improved D．grasped 39．A．will B．request C．order D．advice 40．A．school B．navy C．music D．work
will follow Prepare three __45．__ ways to carry out your plan __47．__ to finish at least part of your plan if not all Do one thing at once Finish what have started __50．__ You shouldn’t be afraid of organization because it’s really worthwhile. 第三部分 写作（共两节；满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 此题要求改正所给句中的错误。按下列情况改正：每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意：此题没有正确的题。 51．A number of people who were killed or seriously injured reached more than 400, 000. 52．Only then we decide to answer violence with violence. 53．Slow, the city began to breathe again. 54．He is so a great man that we all show our respect to him. 55．With time went by, I was made smaller. 56．Workers built shelters for survivors who homes had been destroyed. 57．After try hard, I got a job in a gold mine. 58．We were put into a position which we had either to accept we were less important, or fight the government. 59．That is in the summer Olympics that you have the running race, together with swimming, and sailing. 60．So even the olive wreath has replaced. you Do everything __48 ． __ your own time-frame Stick to the order of you plan To __46．__ that you can have some other choices when one way doesn’t work To show yourself you are determined to get things stared and caring about the results To save your interest, motivation and energy To get your plan __49．__ out thoroughly
第 II 卷（非选择题）
第二节：阅读填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） I used to be the messiest person alive. Over theyears, through watching others and by trial and error,I have finally found ways to come up with plans,organize them and follow through with them. Make an outline of everything you need to haveand do to make your plan happen. Make a list of allof the steps that need to be accomplished and thinkabout what needs to be done. Detail everything thoroughly and read over it soyou can start coming up with some mental solutionsof how to carry out your plans. You should ensure that if for some reason wayone doesn't work, you have way two and way three tolean back on. Therefore, different ways are needed athand. It's just a matter of being organized. Chancesare that there is always more than one way of doingthings, and chances are that if one of those waysdoesn't work,one of the others will. Committing yourself to finishing at least part ifnot all of your plan at once is also necessary. It willshow that you not only have initiative to get thingsrolling, but that you are interested in the resultsobtained with making the move to get everythingdone. If you make a commitment to finish before aspecific time, make sure that you carry that out, andbe sure to do everything in the way you said youwould, within the time-frame you set for yourself. Don't try to tackle (处理) more things all at atime. All that does is delay your progress, distract youand make you lose your interest, motivation andenergy. Carrying out an effective plan requires being asorganized as possible. You will only achieve this bysticking to the order of the plan and not deviating ortrying to do more at a time. Last but not the least, you should never abandonthings mid-project. It will only annoy everyonearound you including yourself. Unfinished plans are awaste of time, energy and, in some cases，evenmoney. So,don't be afraid of organization. The older weget,the more necessary it becomes to have the skills to follow through with confidence and to be able tocarry through plans in an organized and manageableway. It pays to be organized, after all. Title: Tips on how to be __41．__ in your life Tips Details __43． __ down your plan List everything you need List __44 ． __ you __42．_ To make your plan happen
笫二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 61．阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Dear editor, I have been getting along well with my father. However, as I’m in Senior Three now, the question whether I should live at school or come back home for the nights has come to our family discussion. My father and I have different opinions over the matter and we are arguing over it these days. My father insists that I should live at school. In the previous two years, I have been spending about 80 minutes every day to and from school. Living at school can help save a lot of time. In this way, I can have more
time for my studies. On the other hand, what I believe is that I should spend my nights at home. First of all, if I come home for the nights, I will have more freedom to arrange my studies. Meanwhile, I will have more time to communicate with my parents, which will make us understand each other better. I don’t want to make compromises and neither does my father, as it seems. Could you tell me what I should do? I would be grateful if you could give me some advice. Your sincere reader, Teddy 【写作内容】 假设你是某英文报社的编辑，读了 Teddy 的来信后，想告诉他你的看法。以下是你回信的内容： 1. 以约 30 个词概括以上短文的内容。 2. 以约 120 个词表达你对住校这件事情的看法，内容包括： 1）建议 Teddy 听从父亲的劝告，并在原文的基础上补充理由; 2）作为编辑，以你曾经住校的经历支持你的观点; 3）给 Teddy 提一些建议。 【写作要求】 1. 可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原文中的句子； 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，语篇连贯。 Dear Teddy, ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ Yours, Editor Li 读写任务 (共 1 小题，满分 25 分) 概要应包括： 1 My father and I hold different opinions on living at school or come back home for night. 2 My father insists that I live at school to save more time for study. 3 I would spend nights at home to arrange studies and communicate more with my parents. 注意人称的变化和书信的形式 参考答案 1-5．DCAAD 6-10.BCABC 11-15.DCDAB 16-20.CACDB 21-25.BDAAC
26-30.ABDCC 31-35.ABDBA 36-40.CDADB 41． organized 42．Purposes 43．Write 44．steps 45．different 46． ensure 47．Promise 48．within 49．carried 50． Conclusion 51．A→The 52．then 后加 did 53．slow→ slowly 54．so → such 55．With→As 56．who →whose 57．try →trying 58．which 前加 in 59．That→It 60．has 后加 been 61． One possible version: Dear Teddy, From your letter, I know that you and your father are having an argument .He wants you to live at school to save more time for your studies .While you prefer to spend your nights at home ,arranging your studies and communicating more with your parents. Both of you are quite reasonable, but personally, i think you should follow your father’s advice.For another ,without your parents’ help,you will have to deal with all kinds of problems all by yourself, which will make you more independent. I once had a similar experience .I lived at school for three years in junior middle school and i felt it was beneficial to my study as well as my life.during night classes,everyone was quiet and focused.When i came across problems that i could not solve .I could go to the teachers for help in the office.then there was a 20-minute break when I could go out to enjoy some fresh air and chat with my friends.this drove away my tiredness and made me energetic again. (as for your argument ,)It is my advice that you put aside your opinion and imagine living at school,which will help you make the right decision .I believe it will not only delight your father,but also bring benefits to you.