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江苏省南京市、盐城市2015届高三第二次模拟考试英语试题(含解析)


南京市、盐城市 2015 届高三年级第二次模拟考试 英 语 试 题
本试卷分选择题和非选择题两部分。满分 120 分,考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项: 答题前,考生务必将自己的学校、姓名、考试号写在答题纸上。考试结束后,将答题纸交 回。 第一部分听力(共两节,满分 20 分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答 案转 涂到答题

纸上。 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What time is it now? A. About 3:30. B. About 4:00. C. About 4:30.

2. What does the man mean? A. He will send someone right away. B. The woman can call later that day. C. He is going to repair the pipe later. 3. Why are they collecting money? A. To buy a gift for Jenny. B. To pay for the ticket to Nanjing. C. To get some cash for the man. 4. What can we learn from the conversation? A. The apartment is too small. B. The apartment is available. C. The apartment is in perfect condition. 5. Who is the man looking for?
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A. His classmate.

B. His teacher.

C. His brother.

第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项 中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。 听每段对话或独白前, 你将有时间阅读各个小题, 每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的做答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. What do the speakers still need? A. A tent. B. A flashlight. C. A sleeping bag. 7. Where does the conversation most probably take place? A. At a campsite. B. In a store. C. At home. 高三英语第 1 页共 12 页 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8. How many people are there in the Taylors’ family? A. Three. B. Four. C. Five. 9. What can we infer from the conversation? A. The Taylors don’t like Paul. B. Paul likes reading English magazines. C. English is not Paul’s native language. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 13 题。 10. How long was the man in Spain? A. For one week. B. For two weeks. C. For one month. 11. What does the woman say about Ryan Air? A. It’s not a first-rate airline. B. It offers quality customer service. C. It says no to 10-kilogram baggage. 12. How much did the man pay for his flight? A. ?60. B.?70. C.?80. 13. What did the man do to reduce the weight of his bag? A. He threw away some valueless things.

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B. He moved some items to his jacket pockets. C. He took his jacket out of his heavy bag. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 14 至 17 题。 14. What kind of job does Edward do? A. An actor. B. A director. C. A writer.

15. What is the woman probably doing? A. Interviewing a movie star. B. Hosting a television show. C. Discussing teenage problems. 16. What did James Dean do at college in California? A. He first acted in plays. B. He did more stage acting. C. He got seriously into acting. 17. What do we know about James Dean from the conversation? A. He made numerous popular movies. B. He has long been a legendary figure. C. He was best at acting in Hollywood tragedies. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. Why did these scientists win the Nobel Prize in medicine? A. They created a great nervous system in a rat’s brain. B. They noticed the mapping ability dozens of years ago. C. They discovered how the brain knows the body’s location. 19. What’s the relationship between May-Britt and Edvard? A. Teacher and student. B. Professor and assistant. C. Husband and wife.

20. Who will get half of the prize money? A. John. B. May-Britt. C. Edvard.

第二部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸

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上将该项涂黑。 21. He hasn’t got any hobbies,_______ you call watching TV a hobby. A. when B. if 【答案】C 【命题立意】考查状语从句的用法。 【解析】句意:他没有任何爱好,除非你将看电视称为爱好的话。when 当……时候; if 如果;unless 除非,要不是;since 既然。根据主从句之间的关系和连词含义判断。故选 C。 22. —With this New Year_______ new challenges. 一 Sure. Global economy remains uncertain, and many countries continue to struggle. A. comes B. will come C. is coming 【答案】D 【命题立意】考查时态和倒装句的用法。 【解析】句意:----新的挑战伴随着这个新年到来了。---当然。全球经济仍存在不确定 性,许多国家继续争斗。介词放在句首,主语和谓语动词完全倒装,这种倒装句一般只有一 般现在时和一般过去时,故判断选 D。 23. —It is reported that the Shanghai auto show stops using models. How about yours? —We will_______. A. follow suit B. sink or swim together C. set eyes on it D. get to the bottom of it 【答案】A 【命题立意】考查固定短语的用法。 【解析】句意为:——据报道上海车展停止用人模。你们的呢? ——我们将仿效的。 Follow suit 仿效(某人) ;sink or swim together 同舟共济;set eyes on it 第一次看见,注意到, 如:Everyone keeps talking about Patrick, But I've never set eyes on the man.大家一直都在谈论派特利克,但我从来没见过这个人。get to the bottom ofit 找到起因;挖出祸根。故判断选 A。 24. —Do you think he is the only person for the job? —I’m not quite sure but he’ll prove_______ to the task. A. equal B. essential C. special D. superior D. come C. unless D. since

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【答案】A 【命题立意】考查形容词的用法。 【解析】句意:---你认为他是唯一一个适合这项工作的人。---我不确定,但是他会证明 他能胜任这项工作。be equal to the task 胜任工作。equal 平等的;essential 重要的,必需的; special 特殊的,专门的;superior 优于……的。故判断选 A。 25. As the dark horse, China’s football team swept into the quarterfinals_______ it lost to host country Australia. A. as B. what 【答案】D 【命题立意】考查定语从句的用法。 【解析】句意:中国队作为黑马队一举进入四分之一决赛,这场比赛里,输给了东道主 澳大利亚队。由于空前是名词,再看下面选项,可以确定这是定语从句。分析从句,主谓结 构,不缺主语和宾语,因此从关系副词中选。而 quarterfinals 是表示相当于地点的,定语从 句中缺少地点状语故用 where,故判断选 D。 26. Flocks of customers joined Alibaba Singles, Day, Hong Kong, the U.S. and Russia_______ the top three outside. A. claimed B. to be claimed C. claiming D. being claimed C. that D. where

【答案】C 【命题立意】考查非谓语动词的用法。 【解析】句意:成群的顾客加入了阿里巴巴的光棍节,香港、 美国和俄罗斯成为 (大陆) 以外的前三甲。 Hong Kong, the U.S. and Russia 是 claim 的动作执行者, 应用现在分词短语与 修饰词构成独立主格结构。故判断选 C。 27. It might have_______ your notice but I am very busy at the moment. A. quit B. neglected C. escaped D. denied

【答案】C 【命题立意】考查动词的用法。 【解析】句意:可能没注意到你的通知,但我现在正忙。quit 放弃;neglect 忽略;escape 逃脱;denied 拒绝。escape 逃脱,未注意到。如:No detail was too small to escape her attention 再小的细节都逃不过她的眼睛。故判断选 C。

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28. He abandoned teaching_______ a career as a musician. A. in favor of C with regard to 【答案】A 【命题立意】考查介词短语的用法。 【解析】句意:他放弃教学以有利于作为音乐家的职业。in favor of 以……有利于,支 持,赞成;in terms of 根据,依……而言; with regard to 关于,说起;with reference to 提及, 参考。故判断选 A。 29. The frozen waterfall has attracted floods of tourists to_______ the natural beauty. A. cherish B. admire C. observe D. discover B. in terms of D. with reference to

【答案】B 【命题立意】考查动词的用法。 【解析】句意:冰冻的瀑布吸引了大量游客欣赏自然美景。cherish 珍贵;admire 欣赏, 赞赏;observe 观察;discover 发现。故判断选 B。 30. —Do you know the story of Niulang and Zhinu? —Of course. Their love story was_______ as an example for hundreds of years in China. A. taken up B. kept up C. picked up D. held up

【答案】D 【命题立意】考查动词短语的用法。 【解析】句意:---你知道牛郎和织女的故事吗?---当然。在中国上百年来,他们的爱情 一直作为典范而传送着。hold up as an example 奉为楷模。Take up 占用;keep up 保持;pick up 捡起。故判断选 D。 31. Estella showed me the way with a candle. When she opened the side entrance, the_______ of the daylight quite confused me. A. trend B. rush C. crash D. increase

【答案】B 【命题立意】考查名词的用法。 【解析】句意:Estella 用蜡烛给我指路。当她打开侧门时,强烈的日光让我模糊不清。 the rush of the daylight 强烈的日光。trend 趋势;crash 坠毁;increase 增加。故判断选 B。

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32. If people outside China learned a bit about jasmine tea culture, they would realize there_______ a lot of enjoyment in it. A. is B. was 【答案】A 【命题立意】考查主谓一致和时态的用法。 【解析】句意:如果国外的人们学一点关于茉莉花茶的文化,他们将会意识到它里面有 许多乐趣。主句和从句都是与现在事实相反的虚拟语气,但 realize 的宾语从句说的是客观 事实,应用一般现在时。故判断选 A。 33. My voice was so little and the shop owner had to bend down to hear_______ I wanted to buy. A. what it was 【答案】C 【命题立意】考查强调句型的用法。 【解析】我的声音太小了以致于店主弯下腰来听我确实想买什么。Hear 后的宾语从句 使用的强调句型,强调的是 what,宾语从句应用陈述语序。故判断选 C。 【举一反三】高考中强调句型考查热点 考点一:强调句型的基本结构:强调句型“It is / was + 被强调的成份 + that + 其他成 份”用来强调主语、宾语和状语等成份。that 只起连接作用,不作成份,但不能省略。有时 强调的部分比较特殊,如主语从句、状语从句、名词、不定式短语、V-ing 的复合结构等。 如:It was in the library that I saw her yesterday. 我昨天正是在图书馆见到她的。 考点二:特殊句式中的强调句型 (1)如果强调的是特殊疑问句中的疑问词,表示“到底”、“究竟”等语气时,就用如下 结构: (2)“特殊疑问词 + is / was + it + that + 该句的其余部分”。 如: How is it that you usually go to work? 你通常是怎样去上班的? (3)在强调“not... until”结构中由 until 所引导的短语(或从句)作时间状语时,要用固 定的强调句型:“It + is / was + not until... + that + 该句的其余部分”,that 所引导的从句中的 谓语动词用肯定式。 如: His father didn't come back from work until 12 o'clock. = It was not until 12 o'clock that his father came home form work. 直到 12 点他的爸爸才下班回家。 考点三:强调句型与时间状语从句、定语从句的判断。 B. it was what C. what it was that D. what was that C. were D. would be

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强调句型要注意和 it 代表时间、距离、温度、自然现象、具体事物或人物等时所构 成的各种句型的区别。试比较: It was on March 1 that I had my hair cut. (强调句) It was March 1 when I had my hair cut. (后面是定语从句) 判断是否是强调句,可采用“还原法”。如果还原为一般句式后,句子各种成份完整, 则是强调句。否则不是。如第一句可还原成:I had my hair cut on March 1. 考点四:偶尔考查谓语动词的强调句式。 英语中常用助动词 do、does 或 did 强调谓语,一般用在肯定句和否定句中。如: He did go to the airport yesterday, but he did not find you. 他昨天确实去了机场, 但他 真地没有找到你 34. Mr. Smith let off upon me the speech he_______ to make all along. A. had died B. died C. was dying D. had been dying

【答案】D 【命题立意】考查时态的用法。 【解析】 句意: 史密斯先生向我不断练习一个他一直就渴望做的演讲。 本句正常语序是: Mr. Smith let off the speech…upon me。Let off 本意是:开枪,这里引申为“不断练习”,upon 表示说话的对像。看四个选项,可以断定这是考查时态。考查时态,一看时态标志词,二看 动作的先后顺序。 时态标志词 all along, 这是进行时的标志, 一般还有 the whole day/night, all the ime 等;let off 动作发生在过去。先后顺序:先准备演讲 die to make the speech,然后是 let off 的过去的动作,所以 die to 这个动作是发生在过去的过去,应用过去完成进行时。be dying to do sth 非常渴望做某事。故判断选 D。 35. —Do you know the newly appointed CEO? --__________. A. I’ll check it B. Only that there is one

C. More often than not D. It will come to me 【答案】B 【命题立意】考查交际英语的用法。 【解析】句意:---你认识新任 CEO 吗?---我只知道有这么个人。B 项是省略句,原句 是:I only (know) that there is one. A 项意为―我要核查一下。C 项意为--常常。D 项意思要

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结合不同语境来确定,可翻译为:我会得到它。故判断选 B。 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项, 并 在答题纸上将该项涂黑。 Why do young adult children become independent so much later than they did in 1970, when the average age of independent living was 21? Why have reduced class sizes and increased per-pupil expenditures (花销)not 36 higher academic achievement levels? Why is the mental health of today’s kids so poor when 37 with that of children in the 1960s and before? Why do today’s 38 become defensive when told by teachers that their children have misbehaved in school? The answer in two words: parental 39 . Those two words best summarize the 40 between “old” child raising and new, post-1960s parenting. Then, the overall philosophy was that parents were not to be 41 involved with their kids. They were available 42 crisis, but they stood a (an) 43 distance from their kids and allowed them to experience the benefits of the trial-and-error process. It was the child’s 44 , back then, to keep his or her parents from getting involved. That was 45 children learned to be responsible and determined. Today’s parents help their kids with almost everything. These are parents who are 46 when it comes to an understanding of their purpose in their kids’ lives. Their involvement leads them to personalize everything that happens to their kids; 47, the defensiveness. But given that schools and mental health professionals have been pushing parent involvement for nearly four decades, the confusion and defensiveness are 48 . University researchers analyzed three decades of data relating to parent participation in children’s academics. Their conclusions 49 what I’ve been saying since the 1980s: parental help with homework 50 a child’s academic achievement and is not reflected on standardized tests. Parents who manage a child’s social life interfere with the 51 of good social skills. Parents who manage a child’s after-school activities grow kids who don’t know how to 52 their own free time. Parents who get involved in their kids, 53 with peers grow kids who don’t know how to avoid much less trouble. These kids have anxieties and fears of all sorts and don’t want to leave their 54 . And their parents, when the time comes, don’t know how to 55 being parents. You can imagine what will

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become of their future. 【文章解读】 本文是一篇关于家庭教育的文章。 作者主要论证了抚养孩子不应该再是自己父 母的事,隔代培养不利于孩子的成长。 36. A. counted on 【答案】B 【命题立意】考查动词短语的用法。 【解析】本空考查动词短语基本含义的辨析。count on 依赖;result in 导致,造成;touch on 谈及,涉及;take in 吸收。根据句意判断,“为什么缩减的班级规模和增加的每个学生个人 消费没有导致更高的学业成功水平”。故选 B。 37. A. associated 【答案】C 【命题立意】考查动词的用法。 【解析】本空考查动词基本含义的辨析。associated 联系;link 联系;compare 比较;match 相配。和 20 世纪 0 年代或以前相比,孩子的心灵那么脆弱。be compared with 和……相比。 故选 C。 38. A. parents 【答案】A 【命题立意】考查名词的用法。 【解析】本空考查名词基本含义的辨析。Parents 父母亲;adolescents 成年人;psychologists 心理学家;youths 年轻人。根据空后的 defensive 有保护意识的,应是父母亲。故选 A。 39. A. assistance 【答案】C 【命题立意】考查名词的用法。 【解析】本空考查名词基本含义的辨析。assistance 帮助;protection 保护;involvement 卷 入;preference 偏爱。与下文的 involved 对应。故选 C。 40. A. differences 【答案】A 【命题立意】考查名词的用法。 【解析】本空考查名词基本含义的辨析。differences 不同;similarities 相似性;choices 选择; B. similarities C. choices D. relations B. protection C. involvement D. preference B. adolescents C. psychologists D. youths B. linked C. compared D. matched B. resulted in C. touched on D. taken in

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relations 关系。“这两个单词最好地总结了古老的孩子抚养和新的,60 后的父母抚养之间的 不同。”故选 A。 41. A. slightly 【答案】C 【命题立意】考查副词的用法。 【解析】本空考查副词基本含义的辨析。slightly 轻轻地;passively 被动地;highly 高度地; fairly 相当,很。Be highly involved with 高度参与。故选 C。 42. A. in case of 【答案】A 【命题立意】考查介词短语的用法。 【解析】本空考查介词短语基本含义的辨析。in case of 避免,万一;in spite of 尽管;in view of 鉴于;in fear of 害怕。根据句意:他们随叫随到,以免出现危急时刻。故选 A。 43. A. equal 【答案】B 【命题立意】考查形容词的用法。 【解析】本空考查形容词基本含义的辨析。equal 平等的;safe 安全的;long 长的;short 短 的。a safe distance 安全的距离。故选 B。 44. A. fault 【答案】C 【命题立意】考查名词的用法。 【解析】本空考查名词基本含义的辨析。fault 瑕疵,错误;turn 次序;job 工作;attitude 态度。“让父母们别卷进来,是孩子的工作(职责)”。故选 C。 45. A. when 【答案】B 【命题立意】考查表语从句的用法。 【解析】本空考查表语从句的用法。空后的表语从句中缺少方式状语,故选 B。 46. A. confused 【答案】A 【命题立意】考查形容词的用法。 B. disappointed C. amazed D. satisfied B. how C. why D. what B. turn C. job D. attitude B. safe C. long D. short B. in spite of C. in view of D. in fear of B. passively C. highly D. fairly

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【解析】本空考查形容词基本含义的辨析。confused 混淆不清的;disappointed 感到失望的; amazed 感到惊奇的;satisfied 感到满足的。“这些就是那些当谈及他们在孩子生活中的目的 时迷惑不解的父母们。”故选 A。 47. A. however 【答案】D 【命题立意】考查副词的用法。 【解析】本空考查副词基本含义的辨析。however 尽管如此;still 还;yet 还;thus 这样,也 就是说。空后的 defensiveness 就是解释前文的 personalize everything that happens to their kids。故选 D。 48. A. unreasonable 【答案】C 【命题立意】考查形容词的用法。 【解析】本空考查形容词基本含义的辨析。unreasonable 不合情合理的;changeable 可改变 的;understandable 可理解的;avoidable 可避免的。与该句的状语部分 given...相对应,应是 “可理解的。”故选 C。 49. A. confirmed 【答案】A 【命题立意】考查动词的用法。 【解析】本空考查动词基本含义的辨析。confirm 确认;convince 使……相信;realize 实现, 意识到;reflect 反映。此处作者用这个大学的研究分析来支持自己的观点,故选 A。 50. A. decides 【答案】B 【命题立意】考查动词的用法。 【解析】本空考查动词基本含义的辨析。decide 决定;lower 降低;help 帮助;stimulate 积 累。 根据前文作者反对父母对孩子照顾过多, 父母般的对孩子照顾降低了孩子学业上的成就。 故选 B。 51. A. appearance 【答案】D 【命题立意】考查名词的用法。 B. performance C. establishment D. development B. lowers C. helps D. stimulates B. convinced C. realized D. reflected B. changeable C. understandable D. avoidable B. still C. yet D. thus

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【解析】本空考查名词基本含义的辨析。 appearance 出现,表情; performance 表演; establishment 建立;development 发展。the development of good social skills 良好社交技能的 发展。故选 D。 52. A. value 【答案】C 【命题立意】考查动词的用法。 【解析】本空考查动词基本含义的辨析。value 骨架,尊重;devote 投入;fill 充满;save 挽 救。 根据句意: 管理孩子课外生活的父母养大不知道如何充实自己自由时间的孩子。 故