玉溪一中 2014—2015 学年下学期高一年级期中考 英语学科试卷
第I卷 第一部分：听力理解： （共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节： （共 5 小题：每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小 题和阅读
下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What was hit by a taxi? A. A cat. B. A dog. C. A rabbit. 2. What does the man think of the music? A. Noisy. B. Perfect. C. Disappointing. 3. What happened to Danny? A. He hurts his arm. B. He caught a cold. C. He fell down some stairs. 4. Whose books did the man buy? A. Mary’s. B. Jimmy’s. C. Alice’s. 5. What do we know about the woman? A. She won’t go out to lunch with the man. B. She will give the man some money. C. She wants to buy the man a meal. 第二节： （共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项， 并标在相应位置。 听每段对话或独白前， 你将有时间阅读各个小题， 每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. What was the weather like yesterday? A. Sunny. B. Rainy. C. Windy. 7. What is the man going to do? A. Prepare some food. B. Get the tent ready. C. Get the bikes ready. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8. Where are the speakers? A. In a shop. B. At home. C. In the street. 9. What does the woman think of the carrots? A. They are fresh. B. They are too old. C. They can make a great dessert.
听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. What is true about the library? A. Newspapers can be taken out. B. It is open from 8:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m. C. Magazines are on the second floor. 11. How many books can be borrowed at most? A. 5. B. 10. C. 15. 12. When can the man renew the books? A. At the beginning of the month. B. In the middle of the month. C. At the end of the month. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Who is the woman? A. The man’s aunt. B. The man’s sister. C. The man’s mother. 14. When did the man last eat? A. One hour ago. B. Two hours ago. C. Three hours ago. 15. What does the woman think of iPads? A. They’re useless to her. B. They’re easy to her. C. They’re too difficult for her. 16. What can we learn about the woman? A. She knows little about Skype. B. She has never surfed the Internet. C. She uses computers a lot for her work. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What about England is mentioned in the talk? A. There is lots of snow. B. It can be rainy for a whole day. C. The weather changes a lot during a day. 18. When do shops close on weekdays? A. 5:30 p.m. B. 5:00 p.m. C. 4:30 p.m. 19. Where can people go at any time? A. Banks. B. Parks. C. Museums. 20. Which kind of transportation is discussed in detail? A. Train. B. Taxi. C. Bus. 第二部分：阅读理解： （共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节： （共 15 小题;每小题 2 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下列短文 ， 从每题所给的四个选项 （A 、B 、C 和 D ）中 ， 选出最佳选项 ， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Dana Cummings was in his thirties before he first went surfing. But, even more interesting is that Dana Cummings chose to learn the sport after losing a leg in a car accident. Now, nine years later, he helps other disabled (伤 残的) people learn how to ride the waves in AmpSurf. On the coast of Maine, he is working with 27-year-old Matthew Fish, who is partly blind. Cummings takes hold of Fish and leads him into the ocean. The surfboard floats next to them. Fish lies on the surfboard. He tries to stand up on it. After a few attempts (尝试) he is up and riding all the way back to land. “That was exciting,” Fish says. A car accident in 2002 took Dana Cummings’ leg. He says the crash changed him more than just physically. “Losing my leg made me realize how precious (珍 贵的) life is and get off the couch and start living. I do more things now than I ever did before. Next week I am going to compete in a contest in Hawaii,” Dana says. One year later Dana Cummings formed AmpSurf. AmpSurf is a group that volunteers to hold surfing classes and events for people with all kinds of disabilities. Recently, AmpSurf took its training programs to the East Coast. Eleven students attended the class in Maine. They came from all over the northeastern United States. Dana Cummings thinks AmpSurf can change the way a disabled person thinks. “Most people with disabilities consider himself or herself unlucky and useless, but we want them to see what they can do. Who cares you lose your leg or you are blind, whatever? Have fun. Just enjoy life. Take the most advantage of it you can,” Dana says. 21. Matthew Fish thinks learning to ride the waves is _____. A. boring B. easy C. interesting D. difficult
22. When did Dana Cummings set up AmpSurf according to the text? A. In 2002. B. In 2003.
C. In 2008.
D. In 2011.
23. According to Dana Cummings, AmpSurf can _____. A. ease the physical pain of the disabled B. help the disabled learn to get used to their life C. change the attitude of the disabled towards life D. make the disabled pay more attention to their disabilities 24. What is the best title for the text? A. Dana Cummings — a great surfer B. AmpSurf — a training group C. How to learn to live with disabilities D. Disabled surfers ride the waves
B It’s a sure sign that summer is over and winter is on the way — leaves that were once deep green turn red, yellow and bright orange. It happens every autumn. But did you ever wonder why? The leaves start changing color when the nights start getting longer and the temperature starts getting cooler. Some scientists think that as the number of daylight hours shrinks, the leaves stop making chlorophyll（叶绿素）which makes plants green. The reason is that the process of making chlorophyll requires sunlight. But according to horticulture (园艺) educator Susan Rose from Colorado State University, it turns out leaves don’t really change color at all. “The fall colors are actually there all along,” she said. “But they are covered by the green chlorophyll. As the chlorophyll stops being produced, the other colors can shine through.” The kind of color that the leaves are going to change to is determined by the plant’s genetic (基因的 ) background. In some places, the leaves start changing color in September — before autumn even officially begins. In other places, they don’t change until late October or even November. Some scientists say the leaves have been changing color later than usual in recent years. And they think global warming has something to do with that. In one study, researchers found that the growing season in the Northern
Hemisphere was nearly a week longer, on average, in 2008 than it was in 1982. And a professor from Harvard University found that the leaves, west of Boston, Massachusetts, are changing color about three days later than they used to. However, other scientists disagree with the global warming theory. Susan Rose said the leaves in her part of Colorado are changing “right on schedule.” But the leaves in other parts of that state are running a little late. “The lateness in the mountains may have something to do with the really warm late summer and early fall,” she said. “But I’m afraid that’s just a guess.” 25. According to Susan Rose, _____. A. the fall colors are always in leaves B. leaves make chlorophyll all the seasons C. leaves’ changing color have nothing to with the weather D. leaves begin changing color because they start making chlorophyll 26. The underlined word “shrinks” in Paragraph 2 could best be replaced by _____. A. reduces B. increases C. lasts D. appears
27. Scientists guess leaves change color later than usual probably as a result of _____. A. genetic background B. dry weather C. global warming D. low temperature 28. The purpose of the last paragraph is to tell readers _____. A. why leaves change color at fall B. leaves change color at different time C. the effects of the global warming on plants D. different opinions on the lateness of leaves’ changing color
C Animal moms are great moms. You might be surprised at some of these moms.
Octopuses (章鱼) The mother octopus lays about 50,000 eggs. For about 300 days, she stays with the eggs, cleans them and protects them. She does not leave to feed. However, this animal mom dies as soon as the eggs are hatched (孵化). Crocodiles A crocodile mother puts a lot of time and effort into raising her babies. She starts by building a nest (巢), which she guards for over two months! When the eggs are ready to hatch, the young crocs call out to their mother, who digs them out and helps them hatch. She then carries them in her mouth down to the water, where she will guard them for several more weeks or months until they learn to hunt on their own. Bats Bats become moms by hanging head up in a cave, giving birth. Catching the youngster before it can fall to the ground below, she puts it in a pouch (育儿袋). Bat moms may carry babies with them when feeding for the first few days. As the little bats get bigger and heavier, moms help them hang on the wall of their caves and return often to feed them. It continues for about three weeks, until the babies are grown up and able to fly on their own. Koalas (考拉) The animal mom gives birth after a pregnancy (怀孕期) of only 35 days. The hairless baby climbs into its mother’s pouch and lives there for another five months. When the little koala is between five and eight months old, it leaves the pouch for short periods of time but returns for safety. Once it is too big to return to the pouch, it will climb onto its mother’s back and ride there until it is about 12 months old. 29. Which animal moms die when their babies are born? A. Octopuses. C. Bats. B. Crocodiles. D. Koalas.
30. A crocodile mother usually carries her baby to the water _____. A. in her mouth C. in her pouch B. on her back D. by her tail
31. A bat mom _____. A. gives birth by lying in the nest B. gives birth by hanging in a cave C. leaves its babies in the pouch for months D. lets its babies live on their own after birth 32. How long does a young koala usually stay with its mom? A. 35 days. C. 8 months. B. 5 months. D. 12 months.
D Driving in Canada is similar to driving in many parts of the United States. Distances and speeds, however, are posted in kilometers per hour and some signs, particularly in Quebec, may only be in French. Unless otherwise posted, the maximum (最大限度的) speed limit in Canada is 50km/hr in cities and 80km/hr on highways. On rural highways, the posted speed limit may be 100km/hr. It is illegal to take automobile radar detectors ( 汽 车雷达检测器) into Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, and the Yukon. Seat belt use is required by law for all passengers, and child car seats must be used by children under 40 pounds. Some provinces require drivers to keep their vehicles’ headlights on during the day and some have banned (禁止) driving while using a hand-held cell phone. Motorcycles cannot share a lane ( 车道 ), and safety helmets for motorcycle riders and passengers are necessary. Running a red light is a serious crime throughout Canada and drivers are advised to stop before starting when a light turns green. Winter travel can be dangerous due to heavy snowfalls and icy conditions. Some roads and bridges are often closed in winter. Snow tires are required in some provinces. Travelers should also be careful about animals while driving at night in rural areas. Highway 401, from Detroit to Montreal, is one of the busiest highways in North America. It has been the scene of many deadly traffic accidents due to sudden and severe weather changes, high rates of speed, and heavy truck traffic. Thus drivers should be alert while travelling here.
Please refer to our Road Safety page for more information. Also, we suggest that you visit the website of Canada’s national authority responsible for road safety. 33. Which of the following is TRUE according to the text? A. All signs on the roads in Quebec are in English. B. Automobile radar detectors are allowed to be used in Manitoba. C. Passengers may choose not to wear seat belts while in a car in Canada. D. The speed of cars in Canadian cities should be less than 50km/hr. 34. The underlined word “alert” in Paragraph 4 could best be replaced by _____. A. careful B. relaxed C. nervous D. pleased
35. What is the best title for the text? A. Different traffic rules in Canada B. Tips for traveling by car in Canada C. Special rules for driving in Canada D. Traffic safety and road conditions in Canada
第二节： （共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为 多余选项。 Lots of people give you advice on overcoming fear. 36. _____ However, I want to tell you that a world without fear would be more dangerous, less rewarding. So we want to treat fear as a friend? Here are three reasons. 37. _____ Think about it. Do you get more nervous when you meet the girl (or guy) of your dreams? Which is more fearful, talking to the boss of your company or to some of your friends? 38. _____ If you didn’t have fear to guide you, you might not know that! Not so bad, right? Next, fear encourages us to take action. Fear is a call to action. In the past, our ancestors didn’t run away in fear when they saw a tiger running toward them but tried to kill it for food. Now, most of us don’t face serious danger like hungry tigers every day, but we do face serious bosses or public speaking. So, what can we do? 39. _____ Lastly, fear lets you know you are alive. Why do we like roller
coasters (过山车)? 40. _____ Same for horror movies. So fear can guide you towards what’s important for you and encourage you to take action to improve. Don’t we all need that kind of friend? A. Don’t fear to be wrong. B. It frightens us in a mostly safe way. C. Imagine what life would be like without fear. D. The first is that fear is an excellent guide to opportunity. E. They say if you can overcome fear, you will be successful. F. Let fear provide us with the energy to do what needs to be done. G. Fear is showing you what is important and what matters to you.
第三部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填人空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Dad was not only my best friend, but my compass (指南针). While he was alive, he 41 me with his actions and advice. He taught me one important 42
“Believe in yourself.” If there was one phrase my dad 43 liked to hear, it was “I can’t.” He
never got to finish high school and 44 two jobs to support his large family, 45 he never complained. Through education and years of hard work, my dad became
an excellent journalist. When I was in high school, I had a me, but I 47 46 time with math. He tried to help
struggled. So my math teacher suggested I meet with him at 7:00 48 help. I told Dad, “That’s 49 ! I’m
each morning before school for
tired! I can’t do that!” He replied, “You’re doing it. I’ll send you to school.” Every morning at 6:45, we’d leave the 50 every day, Dad never once After months of . Despite working 12 hours
51 driving me to school. . On the
52 , I was facing the final exam. I was so 53 54
day of the final, my dad hugged me and said, “Luke,
yourself. You can
do it.” His words made me realize I needed to trust in my 55 and in the hours of work I’d 56 . When I got my 57 proudly, the first person I called
was my father. He cried, “Yes! You deserved it!” Even now, whenever I to that exam. No matter how you can succeed. I’m forever 41. A. understood 42. A. history 43. A. always 44. A. took 45 A. so 46. A. good 47 A. still 48. A. real 49 A. wonderful 50 A. house 51. A. suggested 52 A. meeting 53. A. excited 54. A. stand for after 55. A. teacher 56. A. wasted 57. A. answer 58 A. hope 59 A. different 60. A. grateful B. luck B. ignored B. grade B. forget B. important B. sorry C. time C. picked up C. pay C. worry C. hard C. polite D. ability D. put in D. gift D. promise D. interesting D. useful B. forgave B. lesson B. almost B. lost B. or B. free B. nearly B. practical B. crazy B. school B. risked B. testing B. nervous 58 59 60 that a task is too much for me, I think back something is, if you’re willing to work, to Dad for that lesson. C. guided C. skill C. ever C. left C. but C. terrible C. hardly D. impressed D. language D. never D. finished D. and D. short D. probably D. extra D. necessary D. farm D. missed D. interviewing D. shocked D. look
C. immediate C. expensive C. office C. enjoyed C. learning C. happy
B. hold back
C. believe in
第 II 卷
第三部分： 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
- 10 -
第二节： （共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料， 在空白处填入适当的内容 （不多于 3 个单词） 或括号内单词的正确形式。 Once there lived a rich man 61 wanted to do something for the people 62 they deserved his help. In 63 very large stone.
of his town. But first he wanted to find out
the centre of the main road into the town, he placed Then he 64
(hide) behind a tree and waited. Soon an old man came along with
his cow. “Who put this stone in the centre of the road?” said the old man, but he did not try to remove the stone. Instead, with some difficulty he passed around the stone and continued on his way. 65 man came along and did the same
thing; then another came, and another. All of them complained about the stone but not tried to remove 66 He saw the stone, 67 . Late in the afternoon a young man came along. 68 (be) very dark. Some
(say) to himself: The night
neighbors will come along later in the dark and will fall against the stone. Then he began to move the stone. He pushed and pulled with all his 69 (strong) to move it. How great his surprise was at last! bag of money. 第四部分：写作（共两节；满分 35 分） 第一节：短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除 或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ? )，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意： 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 70 the stone, he found a
One day a traveler came to a small town, where he has never visited before. There was no doubt that he knew no one there and everything about the town. Since
- 11 -
his hair too long, he wanted to have it cut. There happened to have two barbershops close to each other on the main street. A shop was tidy, and the barber sat on the sofa, waited for his next customer. The floor of the other barber’s was full of hair, and the barber looks tired in a chair. He thought the second barber was more skillfully than the first one. He finally entered in the second shop.
笫二节：书面表达（满分 25 分） 作为中学生，你肯定经历过多次考试，体验过成功，也遭遇过失败。请你根据提示 内容，简要概述中学生中普遍存在的对考试失败的两种态度，并结合自身实际，说明你 的观点。
消极态度 当考试结果不尽人意时， 情绪低落，丧失信心，不 再继续努力
要求； 1．题目自拟； 2．词数：100—120。
玉溪一中 2014—2015 学年下学期高一年级期中考 英语学科答案 听力理解：
- 12 -
1-----5 ACBBA 11-----15 BCCBB 阅读理解： 21-----25 CBCDA 七选五： 36-----40 EDGFB 完形填空： 41-----45 CBDAC 51-----55 DCBCD 语法填空： 61. who 66. it 短文改错： 71. where→which 62. whether 67. saying
6-----10 BBAAC 16-----20 ACABC
46-----50 CADBA 56-----60 DBCCA
63. a 68. will be
65. Another 70. Under
72. has → had
73. everything → nothing
74 . too 前加 was 77. waited → waiting 80.删 in 书面表达：
75. have → be 78. looks → looked
76. A → One 79. skillfully → skillful
We middle school students have had many tests or exams. We have both achieved success and suffered from failure. Different students take different attitudes to failure. Some fall in low spirits when they don’t do well in the exams. They usually lose heart and no longer study as before. But most students take an active attitude towards failure. They encourage themselves to be self-confident. They found out and analyze the causes so that they will no longer make similar mistakes. I agree with those with active attitudes. As we all know, failure is the mother of success. Even great men have failed many times before they succeeded. So we must deal with our failure correctly.
- 13 -