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甘肃省部分普通中学2016高考英语新课标学能专业高效提分集训试题(十六)


甘肃省部分普通中学 2016 高考英语新课标学能专业高效提分集训试题(十六)
注意:本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。满分120分。考试时间100分钟。 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分:阅读理解( 共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A What is the most important day of your life? For many people the answer is your Wedding Day—the day when you marry another person and promise to live together as husband and wife for the rest of your lives. Wedding celebrations differ from country to country—in China the bride wears red while in India the wedding continues for three days. However, in Britain the bride wears white and wedding usually only lasts for one day. In the UK it is possible to get married in a religious or civil ceremony. A religious ceremony takes place in a church. A civil ceremony, on the other hand, can be held in an office, in a hotel, or even on a boat. On the day of the wedding the bride and groom are kept separate until the ceremony. It is said to be bad luck if the groom sees the bride in her dress before the wedding. The bride arrives at the ceremony accompanied by her father and bridesmaids. They officially give her away to her new husband. During the ceremony the happy couple exchange vows and give each other wedding rings which they will wear forever. At the end of the ceremony they kiss. Afterwards they go outside where friends and family throw rice or color papers over them and then they go on to the reception where there is a lot of food and drink. After the meal the father of the bride and the best man make speeches. Then the bride and groom take the first dance. It is a lot of fun. Finally, at the end of the party the newly-weds leave to go on honeymoon, usually to a very romantic destination. 21.What function is the first two paragraphs? A .To tell us that we have most important day in our life. B. To tell us Wedding day is the day when you marry another person and promise to live together. C. To tell us that people hold wedding. D. To attract reader’s attention to the topic weddings in Britain. 22.What does the underlined word ‘newly-weds’ (Para 5) mean? A. The bridegroom. B. The bride. C. The newly-married couple. D. The best man. 23.What can we infer from the passage? A. People all over the world pay a great deal attention to Wedding Day. B. In Britain the bride wears white. C. Wedding celebrations differ from country to country. D. In India the wedding can continue for three days. 24. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A. People in Britain usually get married in a religious or civil ceremony. B. On the wedding day, the bridegroom can’t see the bride in a dress. C. The bride’s father will give her away to the bridegroom. D. The bride and bridegroom will take the first dance. B When you put down your pens at the end of college entrance exam, 12 hard years of study will have come to an end. Forget your studies for a while. It’s time to enjoy yourselves! There are many ways to celebrate this special month of graduation. You can have photos taken with your classmates and teachers, or dine out together and exchange gifts. High school students in western countries such as the United States and Canada usually have a party to mark their graduation. It is to mark the time when kids turn into young men and women.

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After the party, teenagers either go to college or find a job. It means they will no longer depend on their parents as before. At the party, boys usually dress in dinner jackets and bow ties, though many different types of formal clothes are worn. Girls traditionally wear formal dresses, or dress to shock or be noticed, in shiny or brightly colored materials. Common party activities include dining, dancing, crowning of a ball king and queen, and just talking to friends. In some cases, high school students collect funds for their class party through the four years of their high school. High schools in or near large cities may rent big rooms at expensive hotels or, to be unusual, on a pleasure boat. But often costs are cut by simply using the school gym. Students make a lot of efforts to decorate the gym to make the event special. The music played at the party will be the most popular kinds, like rock and hip-hop. Sometimes teachers and parents also go to the party. But others like to go with friends, to whom they are soon going to say good-bye. If you like the idea of a party, why don’t you and your classmates organize one for your graduation? 25.The writer’s purpose in writing this passage is to ________. A. tell an interesting experience of high school students B. tell how the western students spend the last days of high school C. tell how western high school students usually celebrate graduation D.introduce several ways of the western students’ killing time 26.What does the party mean for western high school students that are about to graduate? A. They have finished high school and will go to college. B. These teenagers can find a job to support themselves. C. They have grown up and need friends’ help. D. They are adults and will not depend on parents. 27.What does the underlined word “mark ” in paragraph 3 mean? A.remember B. celebrate C.sign D.show 28.From the fourth paragraph ,we can infer that ________. A. the party is very interesting B. girls like to make themselves beautiful at all hours C. boys wear as usual to attend the party D. graduates pay much attention to the party C Australian scientists are trying to give kangaroo-style stomachs to cattle and sheep in order to cut the greenhouse gases they send out, which is thought to be responsible for global warming. Thanks to special bacteria in their stomachs, kangaroo flatulence (肠胃气胀) contains no methane(甲烷) and scientists want to transfer that bacteria to cattle and sheep who produce large quantities of the harmful gas. While the usual image of greenhouse gas pollution is a billowing smokestack, pushing out carbon dioxide, farm animals’ passing wind contribute a surprisingly high percentage of total emissions (排放物)in some countries. “Fourteen percent of emissions from all sources in Australia are from enteric methane from cattle and sheep,”said Athol Klieve, a senior research scientist with the greensland state government.“And if you look at another country such as New Zealand, which has got a much higher agricultural base, they are actually up around 50 percent,” he said. Researchers say the bacteria also make the digestive process much more efficient and could potentially save millions of dollars in feed costs for farmers. But it will take researchers at least three years to isolate (分离) the bacteria before they can even start to develop a way of transferring it to cattle and sheep. Another group of scientists, meanwhile, have suggested Australians should farm fewer cattle and sheep and just eat more kangaroos. And about 20 percent of health-conscious Australians are believed to eat the national symbol already.

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It’s low in fat, it ’s got high protein levels and it is very clean in the sense that basically it is free-range( 放养的) animal,” said Peter Ampt of the University of New South Wales’ institute of environmental studies. 29. Scientists intend to put bacteria into cattle and sheep________. A. to help Australian farmers to earn more money B. to prevent them from sending out harmful gases C. so that they can protect Australian ecosystem D. so that they can make full use of special bacteria 30. Athol Klieve seems to believe that _________. A. farm animals are to blame for greenhouse gases B. less cattle and sheep are raised in New Zealand C. cattle and sheep produce less carbon dioxide D. New Zealand has the most animals in the world 31.The advantages Peter Ampt lists about kangaroos don’t include ________. A. it is rich in protein B. it is low in fat C. it is cheaper than beef D. it is cleaner than sheep 32.The main idea of the passage is to ________. A. discuss a better way to protect the earth B. warn farmers of the danger of animal waste C. explain the possible solutions to pollution D. present a recent study on global warming D A gentle breeze blew through Jennifer’s hair. The golden red sun was setting. She was on the beach, looking up at the fiery ball. She was amazed by its color, deep red in the middle, softly fading into yellow. She could hear nothing but the waves and the seagulls flying up above in the sky. The atmosphere relaxed her. This was what she needed.“It is getting late.”she thought,“I must go home. My parents will be wondering where I am.” She wondered how her parents would react, when she got home after the three days she was missing. She kept on walking, and the road was deserted. She walked slowly and silently. Just in a few hundred meters she would have been safe in her house. It was really getting dark now. The sun had set a few minutes before and it was getting cold, too. She wished she had her favorite sweater on: it kept her really warm. She imagined having it with her. This thought disappeared when she finally saw her front door. It seemed different. Nobody had taken care of the outside garden for a few days. She was shocked: her father was usually so strict about keeping everything clean and tidy, and now... It all seemed deserted. She couldn’t understand what was going on. She entered the house. First she went into the kitchen where she saw a note written by her father. It said:“Dear Ellen, there is some coffee ready. I went looking.” Ellen was her mother, but where was she? On the right side of the hallway was her parents’ room. She went in. Then she saw her. Her mother, lying on the bed, was sleeping. Her face looked so tired, as if she had not slept for days. She was really pale. Jennifer would have wanted to wake her up but she looked too tired. So Jennifer just fell asleep beside her. When Jennifer woke up, something was different...she wasn’t in her mother’s room and she was not wearing the old clothes she ran away in. She was in her cozy bed in her pajamas. It felt so good being back home. Suddenly she heard a voice,” Are you feeling better now, dear? You know you got us very, very scared.” 33.Three days later Jennifer came back home _________. A. at sunset B. at sunrise C.at night D.at midday 34.Her father didn’t take care of the garden because ________. A. he had to look after his wife

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B. he was busy looking for her C. he was not strict with his job D. he no longer enjoyed working in the garden 35.What can we infer from the passage? A. In fact Jennifer’s mother had been sick for days. B. As Jennifer walked towards home, she became increasingly scared. C. When she found the garden deserted, she realized she was wrong. D. Having experienced a lot outside, Jennifer felt home was safer for her. 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。 36 Sometimes they try to get out of a class to escape a teacher they don’t like. Here is some advice to solve this problem. Ask yourself, “What can I learn from this teacher?” Even if you don’t worship (崇拜) his or her personality or lectures, dig deep until you find a subject in which he or she is very knowledgeable. Focus on that part of the teacher’s personality, and use him or her as a tool for learning. Not only will you gain more knowledge in that subject, but a closer relationship with your teacher may help you understand one another better. 37 Talk to students who are doing well in the class and ask them for tips, tools, and a plan of action to get along with the teacher better. 38 If you still can’t get along, make an appointment with the school guidance counselor (辅 导员). He or she will offer many tips and suggestions for you to get out of difficult teacher relationships. 39 That means they can help you and your teachers get rid of the bad impression on each other. 40 Your parents can meet with your teacher and try to work it out. Teachers are there for more than just homework, and they know about more than just their subject matter. They can help you learn how to function as an adult and a lifelong learner. Undoubtedly, these will be a few teachers along the way who you will always remember and who might change your life forever. A. If your relationship problems can’t be solved in school, then it’s time to tell your parents or guardians. B. If you’re too shy to talk to another student, study his or her actions and behavior in the classroom and try to follow that lead. C. Students don’t always get along well with their teachers. D. There must be something good in every teacher for you to learn from.[] E. Students find it easy to get along well with their teachers. F. Sometimes a guidance counselor can act as a mediator between you and the teacher. G. Guidance counselors have the right to blame teachers. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The town of Pressure and the town of Pleasure were neighbors but they had ___41___in common. Residents built walls to___42___influence from the ___43___town. In Pressure, everyone struggled to be the very best. When women___44___birth, they would compete to have the baby with the ___45___cry. There was violent competition in every aspect of life. Because___46___was the symbol of success, people were always ___47___making money, with no time for relaxation. Some young people couldn’t bear the intensity and chose to drive to escape. ___48___, over in Pleasure, the motto was “As long as you like it, do it.” People ___49___without pressure and could do anything ___50___liked. Children played computer games day and night. At school, teachers didn’t care ___51___students came or not. Workers might sit around the office ___52___drinking coffee and doing nothing. ___53___ the lack of regulations,

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nobody worried about losing their jobs. It was pleasure that mattered. No one had the slightest thought of moving ___54___, either for themselves or for the town. The computers they used ___55___old methods from the town of Pressure. Some of the young were addicted to ___56___because of the emptiness of their lives. Then, people in the two towns began asking themselves.“What is life ___57___?” But just before life in the two towns completely failed, there came a great person--Mr.Reason. He went from door to door, ___58___ with people and giving advice. People in Pressure learnt to be content with what they had, while people in Pleasure began to make plans. They ___59___the wall between them and built a road to connect the two. The towns’ people ___60___ to realize the truth---there is no gap between Pressure and Pleasure if they don’t go to extremes. 41.A .anything B.nothing C.everything D.something 42.A.keep out B.look out C.work out D.give out 43.A.another B.any C.every D.other 44.A.gave B.took C.offered D.brought 45.A.loud B.louder C.loudest D.loudly 46.A.wealth B.healthy C.health D.wealthy 47.A.lazy B.busy C.easy D.hard 48.A.At that time B.Meanwhile C. At one time D.Once in a while 49.A.got up B.brought up C.set up D.grew up 50.A.we B.you C.they D.it 51.A.whether B.who C.where D.what 52.A.all day long B.all night C.all along D.all the way 53.A.Because B.Thanks to C.Owe to D.According to 54.A.backward B.downward C.upward D.forward 55.A.was B.are C.is D.were 56.A.drugs B.money C.work D.books 57.A.in B.to C.for D.to 58.A.talked B.talking C.talks D.to talk 59.A.went down B.put down C.pulled down D.wrote down 60.A.went B.came C.happened D.returned 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 While thousands of college students headed for warm climate to enjoy sun and fun during their week off from classes, seven local students had other plans. The Northern Essex Community College (NECC) students and one of their teachers spent part of their spring break in New York City, helping repair an area ___61____ (destroy) by the hurricane. “I wanted to see for myself what happened,” said Terry. “I couldn’t imagine ____62___it is like to lose your home and everything that you know and the___63___ (power) effect the hurricane had on those people. I wanted to do something, to understand their feeling of helplessness.” The group headed into Brooklyn’s Red Hook district, which was hit hard by the hurricane. There they met people from other parts of the country, 64 had also volunteered to help. Together, those volunteers and the NECC students___65 (work) to clear rubbish out of a three-story building. They put on protective suits and gloves___66___ they entered the building. Inside the building, the students saw nothing but broken walls and doors and pieces of the building 67 (lie) all over the place. The students returned to school with 68 sense of achievement, a feeling that ___69 helped people in need. I was remarkable how a community lost so much and was still able to recover, and this left the deepest impression 70 the students. 第四部分:写作(共两节 满分 35 分)

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第一节 : 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加,删除或修改。 增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ∧ ) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改: 在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不记分。 Time flies! This is a third year that I have been in this school. In the past two and a half years, our school had organized many activities. What impressed me best was an activity called “Learning to Farm”. In an autumn afternoon, we were sent to a farm which we learned to plant potatoes. Having been in the city for so a long time, we were so happy to go to the countryside. After divided into three groups, we started to work. Some students cut potatoes into pieces; some dug holes, and the others put the pieces of potatoes into the hole, put the earth back and pushed them down hard. We continued doing that until all the work was done. Although we were exhausted, but we felt fulfilled on our way back home. 第二节: 书面表达(满分 25 分) 你有一位英国网友,名叫 Tom, 他听说了中国故宫,但知道不多,于是给你发来 e-mail。请你向他介绍一 下有关中国故宫的一些情况。请根据下面提供的一些要点给他回一封电子邮件: 1. 故宫(the Palace Museum) ,又叫紫禁城(the Forbidden City) 。它于 1407 年开始修建,20 万 人花了 13 年多的时间,于 1420 年建成。 2. 它所有的宫殿一共有 9999 个房间。在中国,9 这个数字传统地被认为是一个吉祥数。 3. 现在,故宫免费向中国中学生于每周星期二开放。 4. 故宫有着中国历史上五千多年的珍宝(precious treasure)。请他亲自来看一看。 注意: 1.词数 120 左右; 2.信的开头已经为你写好: Dear Tom , It is nice to receive your e-mail. Now I’d like to tell you something about the Palace Museum. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ 【高效提分】甘肃省部分普通中学 2016 高考英语新课标学能专业高效提分集训试题(十六) 参考答案 阅读理解:A:DCAB 七选五: CDBFA [] 完形填空: BADAC 语法填空 61. destroyed 66. before B: CDBD C:BACD D:ABD

ABBDC 62. what 67. lying

AABDD 63. powerful 68. a 64. who 69. they

ACBCB 65. worked 70. On

短文改错: 1. a 改为 the 2. had 改为 has 3. best 改为 most 4. In 改为 On 5. which 改为 where 或前面加 on 6. so(a long time) 改为 such 7. divided 前加 being 8. (into the) hole 改为 holes 9. them 改为 it 10.去掉 but 书面表达: The Palace Museum is also called the Forbidden City. It took 200,000 workers more than 13

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years to build the Forbidden City. The Forbidden City was finished being built in 1420. The largest museum in the world ,the Palace Museum, holds cultural treasures from the past 5,000 years of Chinese history . The city’s palaces have 9,999 rooms altogether. Chinese people traditionally have thought of nine as a lucky number . Students from all over China now visit in groups at no charge every Tuesday . I hope you can come to China and take a look at this museum with your own eyes. Best wishes. Yours, Li Ming

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