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广东省天河区2016届高考英语二轮复习 语法精讲精炼 形容词和副词03


形容词和副词精讲精炼 03
10.The traffic problems have severely affected economic development. ________ we must spare no efforts to solve them. A. Furthermore C. Meanwhile 【答案】B 【解析】 考查副词辨析。Therefore “因此”,表转折。交通问题已经严重影响了经济的发 展,因此,我们应该不遗余力的来解决这个问题。 Furthermore 且” , 表递进;Meanwhile 转折。 11.We'll get in touch with you as soon as tickets become A.present 【答案】C 【解析】考查形容词辨析。available“可以利用的,可以买到的”。句意为:一有票卖, 我们就将联系你们。present 现在的;precious 宝贵的,珍贵的;convenient 方便的。 12. I’m feelings. A.enthusiastic B. curious C.doubtful D. cautious 【答案】D 【解析】考查形容词。 be cautious about 意思是:对??小心谨慎;谨慎于??。句意为: 我对你所说的话很很谨慎,因为大意的评论很可能会伤害别人的感情。 13.–In early autumn Steve applied for admission to college. He wanted to go to Cornell University. -Oh,why not Harvard? A. anywhere B. somewhere but about what I say because careless remarks are likely to hurt others’ B.precious C.available D.convenient . “ 此外,而 B. Therefore D. Nevertheless

“同时,其间”; Nevertheless“然而,不过”,表

C.everywhere D. nowhere 【答案】D 【解析】考查副词辨析。nowhere but ?意思是:除了??哪里也不。 14.With the advances of technology, plastics have taken the place of many ________

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materials. A. conventional C. artificial 【答案】A 【解析】考查形容词辨析。conventional 料产品已经代替了传统的材料。optional 造的,仿造的; potential 潜在的,可能的。 15.Be careful that a good name of a product doesn’t ______ mean good quality of it. A. alternatively necessarily 【答案】D 【解析】考查副词辨析。句意:当心名字好听的产品并不一定质量好。alternatively“可 选择地”; approximately“大约”;obviously“显然地”;necessarily“必然地”。根 据句意选 D 项。 16.They were pretty poor but most of their friends were even _________. A. richer B. badly off C. worse off 【答案】C 【解析】 考查形容词及短语辨析。句意:他们相当穷,但是他们朋友中的大多数的境况甚至 更差。由语境可知 C 项正确。 17.As a typist, the most important aspect of the job is to be able to type quickly and _____. A. faithfully B. actually 【答案】D 【解析】考查副词。accurately 精确地。作为一名打字员,这项工作最重要的一个方面就是 快速、精确地打字。faithfully 忠诚地; actually 实际上,事实上; roughly 粗糙地。 C. roughly D. accurately D. well off B. approximately C. obviously D. 传统的、常见的。句意为:随着科学的进步,塑 可选择的、随意的;artificial 人 B. optional D. potential

18._______ left before the deadline , it seems _______ that we will finish the task on time. A. Because so much time; likely B. As so many times; possible C. Though a lot of time; possible
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D. With a lot of time; likely 【答案】D

【解析】考查句式结构。该句中 seem 是一个系动词,在表可能的形容词中只有 likely 可以 用语 it is likely that 结构,故排除 B 和 C,时间是被留下的,A 中使用的是原因状语从句, 但是缺少了系动词 。 19.A___________ identification card is required when you purchase foreign money from the Bank of China. A.valid 【答案】A 【解析】 考查形容词词义辨析。 句意: 当你从中国银行购买外汇时, 需要有效身份证。 perfect “完美的”; beneficial“有益的; 和 flexible“灵活的”均不符合句意; valid “有效的” 符合句意。 20.Our manager, who is particular about everything, will not accept your design unless it is truly . C.curious D.novel B.perfect C.beneficial D.flexible

A.mysterious B.considerate 【答案】D

【解析】考查形容词辨析。novel 新颖的。句意为:我们的经理,对一切都很挑剔,你的设 计除非是真的很新颖, 否则他们不会接受的。 mysterious 神秘的; considerate 考虑周到的; curious 好奇的,古怪的。 21.These days strange things happened ______ in the small village, which caused a panic among the villagers. A.frequently D.deliberately 【答案】A 【解析】考查副词辨析。frequently 常常,频繁地。近来,一些奇怪的事情频频发生在这个 小村子里。fluently 流利地;regularly 有规律地;deliberately 故意地。 22.After the accident, we are _____concerned with the safety of school buses than we used to be. A. little B. less C. much D. more
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B.fluently

C



regularly

【答案】D 【解析】考查比较级的用法。句意:意外事故之后,我们比过去更加关心校车的安全。 23.Many students tried their best not to make careless mistakes in the examination but some of them_______ found they failed. A.eventually C.exactly 【答案】A 【解析】考查副词词义辨析。句意:许多学生在考试中尽力不犯粗心的错误,但是其中有一 些最终发现自己没有做到。 eventually“最终; 终于”; completely“完全地”; exactly“精 确地”;effectively“有效地”。A 项符合题意。 B.completely D.effectively

24. She is quite necessary. A. familiar 【答案】B

to office work. You had better offer her some suggestions when

B. fresh

C. similar

D. sensitive

【解析】考查形容词辨析。fresh “没经验的,不熟练的”。她对办公室工作比较生疏,在 必要的时候你最好给她提供一些建议。familiar 熟悉的;similar 相似的;sensitive 敏感 的。 25.We have our bad times but on the whole we’re ______ happy. A. rarely 【答案】C 【解析】考查副词辨析。语意:我们处境艰难,但是总体来说我们相当高兴。根据本句中的 转折连词 but 可知应用 fairy,表示“相当,颇”。A 项表示“很少”,B 项表示“仅仅”,D 项表示“主要的”,都不符合句意。 26.A volcano in Indonesia erupted on November the 16 , 2010, and _____, hundreds of people were killed. A. consequently 【答案】A 【解析】考查副词词义辨析。consequently 因此,结果。句意为:在 2010 年的 11 月 16 日,
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B. merely

C. fairly

D. chiefly

B. continuously

C. constantly

D. consistently

印度尼西亚的一座火山喷发了,造成了数百人遇难。continuously 不 断 地 , 连 续 地 ; constantly 不变地,经常地;consistently 一贯地。

27.I hope I will not be called on in class as I’m not yet A.readily 【答案】C B.actively C.adequately D.attentively

prepared.

【解析】考查副词词义辨析。adequately 充分地。句意为:我希望这几个别被叫起来回答问 题,因为我准备不充分。readily 乐意地;actively 积极地;attentively 注意地,留意地。

28.We put our books in the bookcase to keep them A.empty 【答案】B B.free C.loose D.short

from dust.

【解析】考查形容词辨析。free from 没有??的。为了不让书上沾上了灰尘,我把它们书放 进了书架。 29.—The concert we attended last night was really wonderful. —Yeah, I had never been to ___. A.the best one worst one 【答案】B 【解析】考查形容词的比较级的用法。这里比较级和否定词连用,表达的是最高级的意思。 句意为:---我们参加的音乐会太精彩了。--是的。这是我参加的最好的一场。 30.The patient is supposed to go to the hospital for A. common 【答案】C 【解析】 考查形容词辨析。regular checks “常规检查”。句意为: (医生)建议这位病人 应该到医院进行常规检查。这里指的是定期的检查,所以选 regular。 31.—Credit cards are useful when traveling. B. normal C. regular checks. D. usual B.a better one C, a worse one D . the

—True. They save us the trouble of taking too much cash. A.particularly B.partly C.exactly D.gradually

【解析】A考查副词。修饰形容词useful,表示程度,所以用particularly,意思是“尤其”。
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句意为:当你外出旅游的时候,信用卡尤其有用。partly 部 分 地 ; exactly 精 确 地 ; gradually慢慢地。 32.Made up of people from different parts of the world , the neighborhood is much more________than any other. A.reliable 【答案】D 【解析】考查形容词辨析。由于(这里的人)来自世界各地,所以邻里关系比其他任何一个 地方更多样化。varied 意思是:多样化的。 B.different C.flexible D.varied

33.We’ve got a general idea of what we want, but nothing ______ at the moment. A. concrete 【答案】A 【解析】考查形容词辨析。本句前半部分提到只是有笼统的想法,由此可知此刻还没有任何 “具体的”内容,故 A 项正确。后三项分别表示“普通的”,“标准的”,抽象的”,与语意 不符。 34.Though you’ve got a tight schedule these days, I would be ____ if you could afford time to attend our meeting today. A. concerned B. fascinated C. grateful D. determined B. ordinary C. standard D. abstract

C 考查形容词词义辨析。句意为“尽管你时间安排很紧,如果今天你能腾出时间参加我们的 会议我将很感激。”根据句意选 grateful“感激”。 35.The little man was _______ one meter fifty high, who is often laughed at. A. almost more than B. hardly more than 【答案】 B 【解析】 hardly 相当于 no。句意为:这个人不到 1 米 5,常被人嘲笑。 36.— Have you read the newly-published novel by J. K. Rowling? — Yes. I ______ recommend this book to anyone who is sick of the same old stories. A. briefly awfully 【答案】C 【解析】考查副词辨析。根据答语的内容可知说话全力推荐这本书,所以选 fully 意为:完
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C. nearly more than

D. as much as

B. instantly

C. fully

D.

全地。briefly“简短地”, instantly“立即”, awfully 表示“非常”。 37.In that school, English is compulsory for all students ,but French and Russian are _____. A. special 【答案】C 【解析】考查形容词辨析。对应前面的 compulsory (必修的) ,所以选 optional(选修的) 。 句意为:在那所学校,对于学生们来说,英语是必修的,而法语和俄语是选修的。 38.None of the underwater workers has been harmed by the great fish. ________, most fish were so friendly that they played with the instruments. A. Instead 【答案】 A 【解析】考查副词的用法及含义。句意:水下工作的工人没有一个被大鱼伤害,相反,大多 数鱼很友好以至于他们和和装备玩耍。 39.Of the two, I would prefer _______ camera, which is very easy for me to carry A. a small 【答案】D 【解析】考查形容词的比较级和冠词的搭配。这里特指两个之中较小的那个,所以用 the smaller camera。 40.We know playing computer games for long time can harm one’s _______ health. A. regular 【答案】C 【解析】考查形容词辨析。句意为:我们知道长时间玩电脑游戏对我们的身体健康有害。 physical health 指的是身体健康。regular 定期的, magical 的。 41.After a lot of questioning, Jack ______ admitted he had taken the car. A. frequently 【答案】B 【解析】 考查副词词义辨析。经过一系列的询问,杰克终于承认是他偷了那辆车。所以选 eventually 意思是:最终,终于。frequently 频繁地,经常地;absolutely 完全地,经常 地; generously 慷慨地,大方地。
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B. regional

C. optional

D. original

B. Even though

C. However

D. Though

B. a smaller

C. the small

D. the smaller

B. magical

C. physical

D. reliable

魔术的, reliable 可靠

B. eventually

C. absolutely

D. generously

42. My mother seems

for a woman her age. B.enough still energetic D.still enough energetic

A.enough energetic still C.still energetic enough 【答案】C

【解析】 still 应该放在被修饰的形容词前面,而 enough 应放在被修饰的形容词之后,所 以选 C,意为:足够的精力充沛。 43. Bicycling is good exercise; ____, it does not pollute the air. A. nevertheless B. besides C. otherwise D. therefore 【答案】B 【考点】本题考察副词含义辨析。www. 【解析】根据句意:“骑自行车是一种很好的运动方式,而且又不会造成大气污染”故选 B (besides 而且,加之,除此以外) 。词汇 副词 besides 44. We used to see each other A. especially B. approximately 【考点】副词词义辨析 【答案】B 【解析】A 项意为“尤其;特别”;B 项意为“定期地,经常地”;C 项意为“特别,尤其”; D 项意为“近似地, 大约”。 根据句意 “我们原来经常见面, 但从去年我就没再收到过他的信” 。 , but I haven’t head from him since last year. regularly C. particularly D.

45. The hotel is almost finished, but it _____ needs one or two weeks to get ready for guests. A. only 【答案】 D 【考点】本题考查副词用法 【解析】根据句意“这个旅馆差不多竣工了,但仍还要一两周才可以接待客人。 ”选 still(仍 然,还) 。 46. Many people have donated that type of blood; however, the blood bank needs _____. A. some B. less C. much D. more 【答案】D 【考点】形容词考点。比较级,根据句意即刻判断。 47. This restaurant wasn't A. half as good as that other restaurant we went to. B. as half good as B. also C. even D. still

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C. as good as half 【答案】A

D. good as half as

【解析】在 as?as?句型中,倍数放在第一个 as 的前面,故 A 正确。句意:这家饭店不及我 们去过另一家的一半好。 【考点】考查形容词同等比较句型。 48. The result is not very important to us, but if we do win, then so much _______. A. the best C. better 【答案】D 【解析】此处 so much 修饰名词,所以用 the better 的形式。句意:这结果对我们来说不很 重要,但如果我们真的赢了,那就太好了。 【考点】考查形容词、副词的比较等级的用法。 49. Be _______ — you can’t expect me to finish all this work in so little time. A. reasonable C. creative 【答案】A 【解析】此处 confident 信心;creative 有创造力的;grateful 感激的;reasonable 有道理 的。句意:要讲道理,你不能指望我在如此短的时间里完成所有的工作。 【考点】考查形容词词义辨析及语境理解。 B. confident D. grateful B. best D. the better

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