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Book 2 unit 3 computers 知识点讲解教案学案


Book 2 unit 3 computers 知识点讲解教案/学案 抚顺市第一中学 英语组 郝红

邮编:113001 地址:抚顺市望花区望花大街 2 段 1 号 手机:15898300571 学科:英语 申报类型:教学案例(优秀教案)

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Book 2 unit 3 computers Period one and two 一. 课前五分钟 (首字母已给出) 1. Music has been called the u______ language. 2. Many kinds of c__________ machines have been invented since the 17th century. 3.The salesgirl asked me if I had the exact s______, since the shop had no change. 4. The invention of aircraft caused a r_________ in our ways of traveling. 5. A______ intelligence is the study of how to make computers do things that people can do. 6.We will soon arrive at the point where we can find all the knowledge of humankind on a computer n________ 7.If you want to know about the hotel, you can call the o________ to find out the information. 8.R_____ is not the way you wish things to be but the way they actually are. 9. Bob is t______ different from his father, who is very tall. 10. They agreed to accept my a______ for joining their team. Keys: 1.universial 2.calculating 3.sum 4.revolution 5.Atificial 6.network 7.operator 8.reality 9.totally 10.application 二. 重点单词讲解 (warming up and reading) 1. common adj/n adj (1) 普通的,常见的 (2) 共有的,公共的 (1) Heart disease is one of the commonest causes of death. (2) He wasn't a hero but just a common man. have something/a lot/much/little/nothing(with sb)和…有/没有共同点 in common with sb 像…一样 in common 共有,公用 拓展: common knowledge 人所共知的事实 common sense 常识 common practice 惯例 联想---- common 指全体所共有的,共同的特征,强调常见与普遍。 ordinary 指种类普通,强调平淡、平庸、普通的意义。 usual 指通常的,寻常的;惯常的。强调“平时的”。 1) This is a ___________mistake made by students. (2) He turned up at the meeting late as _________. (3) Why are you so impressed with this film?According to me, it's just _________. Keys: 1.common 2.usual 3.ordinary 2.order n. 顺序;定购;秩序;命令 in order 井然有序,处于良好状态 out of order 无次序的, 出故障的 place an order with sb for sth in an order 以一定的顺序 May I take your order please? 基本句型: v. order sb to do sth order that sb (should) do sth (1)The lift is __________,so you have to use the stairs.
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(2)The officer gave an order that the work _________(do) before 5 o’clock. Keys: out of order; (should) do 3.according to…. prep.按照, 根据, 取决于 According to our records, the books you have borrowed should now be returned to the library. He will be punished according to the seriousness of his crime.( 罪行) 4. calculate vt/vi 计算,估算 Have you calculated the cost? Computers can calculate faster than human beings. I calculated that we would set out at 7 pm be calculated to do … The film is calculated to attract the children. 链接:Calculation Calculator (1)The loss hasn’t been _________accurately, but it is believed to be well beyond over a hundred million dollars. A. calculated B. considered C. completed D. controlled (2)______ how much the trip will cost and see if you can afford it. A. See B. Calculate C. Count D. Work at Keys: A B 5. universal adj 全体的,共同的 ;宇宙的, 全世界的 a ~ language/travel ~ interest/weakness/agreement universally adv 普遍地; 人人; 在所有情况下 (1)It is__________ acknowledged that he is a wise leader. (2)Though different body movements mean different things in different cultures, ______smile is ______ accepted as a sign of happiness or being friendly. A. the ; universally B. the; usually C. a; globally D. a; universal (3)I do hope that one day the Chinese language will become a ______ language, that is, everyone in the world will communicate in it. A. common B. universal C. popular D. special Keys: universially; A ; B 6. simple adj (1) 简单的(2) 简朴的(3) 单纯的 e.g. He is simple-minded. He lives a simple life. He is as simple as a child. I am surprised that you should have been fooled by such a(an)_________ trick. A.ordinary B easy C smart D simple 链接:Simply adv Simplify vt.简化 I bought this house simply because it was Cheap. She simplified the instructions so that the children could understand them. This dictionary tries to simplify the meanings of words. Running a company is not _______a matter of hiring people----they also need to be trained.
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A. simply B. partly C. seriously D. equally Keys: D; simply 7. sum n/v 算术: do a sum in one's head / * be good at sums 金额; He was fined the sum of 200. 总数; 总和 ~ (of sth) The sum of 6 and 4 is 10. in sum 总而言之: In sum, the plan failed. 联想---in a word all in all sum (sth) up (1)总结, 概括(某事物) Now sum up your views in a few words. (2)判断,估量 He summed up the situation at a glance 8.analyse/analyze v 分解;分析;解析 analysis n analyst n analytical adj analytical chemistry Can you analyze the structure of the sentence for me? I was very much pleased by your analysis of the situation Doing any scientific research , a person needs to have a______mind. A. analytical B. logical C. universal D. artificial Keys: B 9.operate v ~ on sb (for sth) 动手术: ~sb on the 部位 The doctors decided to operate on her immediately . 工作; 运转:This machine operates night and day. 操纵; 操作 He operates the lift. I don’t know how to operate the computer. 拓展: operating system 操作系统. operating-table 手术台 operation n ~ on operator n.操作者,电话接线员,经营者 The procedures(程序) of operating a computer have been ______ several times, the results of which have made it much easier _______. A. cut down; to operate B. simplified; to be operated C. reduced; to be operated D. simplified; to operate Keys: D 10. logical adj 合逻辑的 ,合乎情理的 logic n [U]逻辑学 ,逻辑性 logically adv a logical conclusion It seemed the only logical thing to do. He tried to think logically. 11.technology n [U] technique [C] recent advances in medical technology the technology of computers
They need to learn modern management techniques.

拓展:technological adj: technological changes / problems
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technologist n 技术﹑ 工艺﹑ 工程等的专家 12.revolution n 革命 ,重大变革 revolutionary adj 革命的 n.革命者; 革命活动家 He has lived through two revolutions . a revolution in the treatment of cancer . Social / cultural revolution revolutionary leaders, activities 13.artificial adj. 人工的, 人造的---man-made artificial flowers/limbs/pearls 假花/假肢/假珍珠 artificial intelligence 人工智能 14.intelligence n 智力; 脑力 high/low intelligence John showed high intelligence from an early age intelligent adj 聪明的; 有才智的 an intelligent child Intelligent child as he is , he failed the exam. 15. solve Solve /settle the problem Solution n solution to sth/doing sth (1)It may take a long time to find a solution to the problem/ _______(work out) the problem. solve a crime/mystery/case (2)The problem is beyond his ability and he can’t ______it. A. escape B. imagine C. gain D. solve Keys: working out ; D 16. from...on From now on you can work on your own. From then on she knew she would win. Since then she has known the fact. She never spoke to him again from that day on. 17. in the 1860s/1860’s in one’s 60s/60’s/sixties in 1860 / in the year 1960 It is not rare in ______ that people in _____fifties are going to university for further education. A 90s; the B the 90s;/ C 90s; their D the 90s; their Keys: D 18.reality 现实;真实[U] 事实,实际存在的事物[C] face reality in reality (1)It seems as if he knew everything, but in reality, he is as stupid as can be. (2)_________, things always happen out of expectation. (3)His dream has become a reality (4)For many Beijingers , dreams of living in ____green area are becoming ________reality. A. a, a B. the , the C. / ,/ D. / , a Keys: In reality ; A real adj 真实的; 真正的 Who is the real manager of the firm ?
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非模仿的; 真的 real gold Is that real hair or a wig? 19.personal adj 个人的: one's personal affairs, beliefs 私人的: Please leave us alone we have something personal to discuss. 亲自的:I shall give the matter my personal attention. personally adv 亲自: 就个人而论: She presented the prizes personally I don't know him personally, but I've read his books. Personally, I don't like him at all. (1)After the president made an official announcement, she expressed her ________opinion. A personal B private C single D individual (2)Mr David is ____in charge of all the arrangements. A. personal B. personally C. personality D. person (3)You may not agree, but__________ she is a very good girl. A. personally B. truly C. generally D. commonly Keys: A B A 20.as a result (of sth) result from result in As a result ________ the pilots' strike, all flights have had to be cancelled. There was heavy fog. ________, the flight was delayed. The problems ________ errors made in the past has been solved. The accident ________ the death of two passengers Keys: 1.As a result of 2. As a result 3. resulting from 4. resulted in 21. total adj 完全的; 全部的 n 总数; 总额 totally adv 全部地; 整个地 total silence The firm made a total profit of 200000. What does the total come to? in total 总共 = altogether/ in all That will cost you 7.50 in total. I'm afraid I totally forgot about it. 22.application 1. 应用,适用;运用[U][C][(+of/to)] We are looking forward to the application of computers to work. 生物学有实用性。 2. 申请,请求;申请书[C][U][(+to/for)][+to-v] I made an application to the bank for a loan. 我银行申请一笔贷款。 He handed in an application to do the jib. With more applications to be invented ______computers, they are sure, for the most part, to improve our life quality.
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A. for B. to C. with D. of Keys: D 归纳拓展: apply v. applied 应用的 applied physics *apply to sb for sth He has applied to the school for a scholarship. *apply to 应用于?We can apply theory to practice. 适用 The method doesn’t apply to anyone. *(后常接 oneself)使致力(于),使专心从事[(+to)]=be applied to sth /doing He applied himself to learning French. =He was applied to learning French. 23.explore v.探险, 考察: As soon as they arrived in the town they went out to explore explore a castle We explored several solutions to the problem. 拓展:exploration n. the exploration of space explorer n. Columbus was one of the great explorers 24.anyway=anyhow adv 无论如何,尽管如此 I don’t care what you say; I’m going to do it anyway. Anyway I must complete the work today. I’m going _______, no matter what you say. A anyway B anywhere C anyhow D A and C Keys: D 比较: somehow 意为“以某种方式;不知怎么地”somewhat .稍微,有点 Don’t worry. We will get the lost money somehow. Somehow I like English. 25.goal n He headed the ball into an open goal. 球门 score/kick a goal 进球得分 pursue/ reach one’s goal in life 努力的对象; 目标 set (yourself/sb) a goal long-term goal/short-term goal 26. the human race 联想----- man , mankind ,human beings, human/humans * race n n.赛跑;竞争;人种 run a race a marathon race I’d like to compete in a race ________everyone tries their best to win. (where) 巩固练习: 1. He was so careless while looking after the child,_______an accident. A. as a result B. as a result of C. resulting in D. in consequence of 2.Jenny nearly missed the flight_____doing too much shopping A. as a result of B. on top of C. in view of D. in terms of 3. My aunt wants to buy a comfortable house and _______,with a small garden. A. after all B. all in all C. for all D. above all 4.Mr David is ____in charge of all the arrangements. A. personal B. personally C. personality D. person
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5.The young lady failed the driving-test____because she was a bit careless while turning around the corner. A. simply B. analytically C. harldy D.universallyf 6.The teacher was happy at the advantage that the student _______of his spare time. A. made B. took C. employed D. put 7. Tom’s university education gave him a(n)_____over others who had not been to college in getting the job. A. advantage B. chance C .position D. choice 8. _____ a balanced and healthy diet, people should have food easy to digest and things rich in vitamin and protein. A. As far as B. As long as C. According to D. Concerning 9. —I’m afraid that we can’t come, but thanks for the invitation_________ —That’s all right. A. therefore B. anyway C. however D. though 10. He got seriously ill at the age of five. Later he couldn’t see anything at all. He was ______ blind. A. nearly B. totally C. especially D. probably 11.Yesterday morning he got up earlier than ____ , for it was not a(n)____ day. A. common; usual B. usual, ordinary C. usual, normal D. common, ordinary 12. I can’t tell you the exact time I’ll get there, maybe at eight or nine or even later. ____, I’ll be there as early as I can. A. Anyhow B. However C. Thus D. Therefore 13. -- John failed his final exam. -- I’m not surprised at the news ____. ____, he is never seen busy with his lessons. A. at all, After all B. in all, After all C. above all, In all D. at all, In all Keys: 1-5 CADBA 6-10BACBB 11-13 BAA Period three and four 课前五分钟:revision 课文句型句式讲解 1.Although I was young I could simplify difficult sums. 注意:Although 和 though 不能 but 与连用,可与 yet, still 连用 辨析 : though / although (1) though 能用于倒装句中 Child though he is , he knows a lot. Poor though I am , I can afford it . (2) though 可作副词,放于句末,意为“可是,不过。 ” We all tried our best. We lost the game , though. Although they are good friends, ____ they have little ____. A.but; in general B. yet; in the common C. yet; in common D. /; in general 高考链接:Playing on a frozen sports field sounds like a lot of fun. Isn’t it rather risky,______? A. though B. also C. either D. too Keys: C A 2.In 1936 my real father , Alan Turing, wrote a book about how I could be made to
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work as a universal machine to solve problems. (分析句子结构) 引导的是________语从句,其中 to solve problems 为___________状语. As his best friend, I can make accurate guesses about _____ he will do or think. A. what B. which C. whom D. that People in Chongqing are proud of they have achieved in the past ten years. A. that B. which C. what D. how Students are always interested in finding out _____ they can go with a new teacher. A. how far B. how soon C. how often D. how long Keys: 宾语从句;目的 A C A 3.By the 1940s I had grown as large as a room and I wondered if……. By 加过去时间用过去完成时,加将来时间用将来完成时,类似用法还有 by the end of / by the time By the time you receive this letter, I ____this city for my hometown. A.have left B.will have left C.leave D. will leave By the time you received this letter,I ____this city for my hometown. A.had left B.will have left C.leave D. will leave Keys: B A 4.As time went by , I was made smaller. (翻译) As 引导______状语从句,意为________, 可与 with 复合结构替换。 With time ________by, I was made smaller. go by vi/vt (1) (时间)过去,消逝;经过 (2) 遵守,按照?判断(3)顺便走访 Three weeks went by. He went by without noticing me. Everyone should go by the rules. Going by his accent, he must be from the south. He was in when I went by yesterday. 巩固练习: (1) couldn’t _____. The line was busy. .I A go by B go around C get in D get through (2) .Since we parted, two years have______before I knew it. A.gone on B. gone by C.gone against D. gone off (3) ._______time goes by, computers are made smaller and smaller and nobody knows for sure how small _______ be made but there must be a limit. A. With; they can B. As; they can C. When; they can D. While; can they Keys: 时间;随着;going; D B B 5.My memory has developed so much that I never forget anything I have been told. (1) 此结构中的 that 从句表示________。 比较: so that 既可以表结果,也可以表目的。Such that 也可表结果。 He got up early so that he could caught the bus. He got up early so that he caught the bus. (2) 基本句型 so + adj/adv + that... so+ adj/adv + as to do sth so + adj + a/an + n (+ as sb/sth) +that… She was ______angry that she couldn't speak (so)
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She was ______kind ________ phone for a taxi for me. (so; as to) He was not so quick a learner as his brother. such +a/an+adj+n.+that… such(+adj+)un/pl+that… such+that…. It was such a boring speech that I fell asleep. He showed such concern that people took him to be a relative. There were _____ many people in the zoo _____ it was hard to get through the crowd to see the animals. A. such; that B. so; that C. too; that D. quite; that Keys:B (3) so...that.../ such …that 表结果状语, so/such 部分位于句首时,句子用部分倒装 结构。 So hard does he work that he seldom goes home. So good a student________ that all like him. (is he) Su