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2013-2014学年高中英语外研版必修五教师用书Module+5


Module 5 The Great Sports Personality 【美文阅读】 2009 年“世界大师运动会”在悉尼举行,此届运动会上年龄最大的一名女选手露丝· 弗 里斯在铅球比赛中打破一项世界纪录,而她已 100 岁高龄。

The oldest female athlete at the World Masters Games in Sydney

has broken a world record in the shot put—at the age of 100.All eyes were on Ruth Frith from Brisbane, as she arrived on the second day of the World Masters Games, hoping to win gold in the shot put.She felt pretty confident as she was the only competitor in the over100s category. But her 4.07metre throw on Sunday didn't just win her gold, but also broke a world record.“As long as I didn't foul(犯规) I was going to win it,”Frith told reporters.The great grandmother is also a keen hammer(链球) and javelin(标枪) thrower and believes other old persons should follow her example. Frith trains five days a week, regularly lifting 35kg weights.She doesn't drink or smoke and she doesn't eat vegetables either, claiming she hasn't liked them since she was young.Frith was clearly a star of the World Masters Games, an event which attracts about 28,000 athletes.Despite her age, she has no plan to retire just yet. She contested her first World Masters Athletics Championships at the age of 74. The World Masters Games have been held every four years since they began in Toronto in 1985, according to their website.Open to people of all abilities and most ages, the games are the world's largest multisport(多项赛事) event that attracts twice as many competitors as the Olympic Games, the website said.The main difference between the World Masters Games and the Olympic Games is that the World Master Games are open to people of all abilities rather than just elite(精 英) athletes, with the emphasis on participation. 【诱思导学】 1.What game did Ruth Frith win the gold medal?

【答案】 The shot put. 2.When did the World Masters Games begin? And How often is it held?

【答案】 The World Masters Games began in 1985.It is held every four years. 3.What's the difference between the World Masters Games and the Olympic Games?

【答案】 The World Master Games are open to people of all abilities rather than just elite athletes, with the emphasis on participation.

Period Ⅰ

Previewing

(教师用书独具)

●课标技能要求 初步掌握本课文中的词汇,浅层次理解课文,了解相关的背景知识。 ●教学目标 本课时主要是通过学生对学案所给出的内容的学习, 了解本课文中所出现的词汇, 初步 了解课文以及相关的背景知识,对下一堂课对课文的全面理解起到一个铺垫作用。 ●教学地位 本模块的中心话题是学生比较感兴趣的体育名人。 教学材料涉及的体育明星包括体操王 子李宁、拳王阿里、球王贝利等。通过介绍,要求学生学习他们在体坛以及其他领域不畏艰 难、奋勇拼搏的精神。要求学生关心和了解国内、国际体坛盛会的情况,增强健身意识。学 习体育明星们的拼搏精神,在学习上刻苦用功、奋力拼搏。

(教师用书独具)

●新课导入建议 T:(通过看体育明星的图片或短片,让学生讨论)What are the sportsmen/sportswomen doing in the photo?Can you name the sportsman/ sportswoman? And how much do you know about him/her? Ss:(让学生通过短暂的讨论回答这些问题。) T: (紧密结合上一步, 接着提出如下问题)Besides table tennis, basketball and football, what other ball games do you know? Ss: ( 请 学 生 说 出 他 们 所知 道 的 球 类 名词 , 同 时教 师 抓 住 机 会向 学 生 介绍 新 单 词 badminton, baseball, golf 等。)

T:Do you like gymnastics? And can you list some gymnasts? Ss:(学生回答他们喜欢的体操运动员。) T: Look at the photo on Page 42.What is the sportsman doing? Do you know this gymnast? Ss:... T:引出体操王子——李宁。简要介绍李宁在竞技场上的辉煌战绩,接着重点介绍他在 商海中的奋斗,以及他为体育事业而作出的不懈努力。然后让学生带着问题读课文。 ?? ●教学流程设计 导 入 新 课 。 → 学 生 阅 读 “ 美 文 阅 读 ” 与 “ 诱 思 导 学 ”( 见 学 案 第 61 页 ) 。 → → → 学生就“美文阅读”进行讨论,统一答案。 让学生快速阅读课文,?见课本第42页?并完成“篇章结构”?见学案第62页?。 师生共同讨论并统一答案。

→ 学生再次阅读课文?见课本第42页?并完成“语篇理解”?见学案第62页?。 →学生共同讨 论 → 错误!→老师指导学生讨论,共同找出答案。→让学生完成“知识初探”部分(见学案第 62 -63 页)。→学生讨论,并让学生代表发表他们讨论得出的答案。老师予以更正。→让学生 根据所给出的表格进行自我评估(见学案第 63 页)。→老师布置作业,让学生看课本第 41- 42 页并完成课本第 43 页 2、3、4 题,预习学案 Period Ⅱ(见学案第 63-67 页)。 , 并 让 学 生 发 表 各 自 见 解 , 最 后 统 一 答 案 。

(对应学生用书第 62 页)

Ⅰ.篇章结构 阅读文章,然后完成下面表格(每空不超过 3 词) By the age of 26, he had won 106 gold medals in major 1. As a gymnast across the world.He won six 2. seven gold medals at the 1982 World Championship and three at the 1984 Olympics in Los Angeles.

Li Ning retired and was 3.

because he had not 4.

in

the 1988 Seoul Olympics. He decided to launch a new brand of 5. name as the 6. His sports clothes 7. As a businessman 8. market. His dream was to 9. His dream sporting 10. for gymnasts.He was able to do this in .Li Ning's advertising slogan is “anything is possible”. 【答案】 6.brand mark 7.came onto Ⅱ.语篇理解 阅读 P42 的 Reading and Vocabulary 部分,从每题所给的 3 个选项中选择最佳答案 1.The following statements about Li Ning's sports life are true EXCEPT that A.he won six medals at the 1984 Olympics in Los Angeles B.he won 106 gold medals in major competitions across the world C.he won seven medals at the 1982 World Championship 2.What was it that made Li Ning determined to succeed in his new life? A.The great achievements in sports. B.The beginning of his new career. C.The sense of failure. 3.Which of the following is NOT a famous brand mark? A.Pele. B.Nike. C.Li Ning. yuan . 8.rivals 9.open a school 10.ambitions 1.competitions 2.out of 3.disappointed 4.performed well 5.sportswear 1991.Since then, he has continued to help young people to achieve their . , choosing his own

the market at just the right time. known .

Li Ning's designs were attractive, but they were cheaper than their

In just a few years, Li Ning won more than fifty percent of the national

4. If you pay 80 yuan for a pair of Li Ning trainers, you will have to pay about for a similar Nike product. A.500 B.400 C.600 .

5.We can know from the text that

A.Li Ning set up his company when he was 26 years old B.Li Ning's dream of opening a school for gymnasts came true in 1992 C.after retirement, Li Ning continued his sport life by helping young people achieve their

sporting ambitions 【答案】 1.C 2.C 3.A 4.B 5.C Ⅲ.课文缩写 用所给单词或短语的正确形式完成课文缩写。 market;his own name;prince;choose as;slogan;achieve great success;retire;career; launch;gain Li Ning was called the 1. After he 3. of gymnasts.He won 106 gold medals in all and was 2. as a businessman, 5. a new one of the greatest sportsmen of the 20th century by sports journalists. , he began a new 4.

brand of sportswear and chose 6.

as the brand mark. at just the right time and 8. .But Li Ning's goal was not to

Li Ning's sports clothes came onto the 7. success quickly.In just a few years the company has 9.

make money when he retired.In 1991, he opened a school for gymnasts to help young people to achieve their sporting ambitions.If you are a great sportsman, anything is possible, as Li Ning's advertising 10. 【答案】 says. 1.prince 2.chosen as 3.retired 4.career 5.launching 6.his own name

7.market 8.gained

9.achieved great success 10.slogan

Ⅰ.词义搭配 1.background A.relating to one particular thing

2.purchase B.stop performing one's work or withdraw from one's position 3.specific C.carry out an action 4.designer D.to promise to do sth., to promise sth.will happen 5.symbol E.previous experience or training 6.guarantee F.a name given to a product or service 7.advantage G.buy something 8.retire H.a person whose job is designing 9.brand I.the quality of having a superior or more favorable position

10.perform J.mark or sign with a particular meaning 【答案】 1.E 2.G 3.A 4.H 9.F 10.C Ⅱ.短语填空 5.J 6.D 7.I 8.B

make a list of; determine to do; compete with; make a choice; be made up of; on the increase; have an advantage over;the number of 1.It is difficult for a small grocery store to 2.The audience very young children. others. a supermarket.

3.A man who can think will always 4. 5.Please students of this school has shrunk. things I must buy. .

6.Crime in our big cities is 7.They this at any cost.

8.There were so many cakes that it was difficult to 【答案】 1.compete with

. 4.The number

2.was made up of 3.have an advantage over

of 5.make a list of 6.on the increase 7.determined to do 8.make a choice Ⅲ.句型背诵 1.But even though he had won everything it was possible to win in his sport, Li Ning retired with the feeling that he had failed. 但即使是已经赢得了在自己运动项目上所能赢得的一切, 李宁还是带着一种失败的感觉 退了役。 2.But it was this sense of failure that made him determined to succeed in his new life. 但就是这种失败感使他决心在新的生活中取得成功。 3.He decided to launch a new brand of sportswear,competing with global giants like Nike and Adidas. 他决定推出一种新的运动服商标,同全球大公司耐克和阿迪达斯等竞争。 4.If you go into a school or university anywhere,the chances are you will see students in Li Ning tracksuits with the familiar logo. 如果你走进任何一个地方的中学或大学校园, 都有可能看搭配身穿印有那个熟悉标志的 李宁运动服的学生们。 Period Ⅱ Introduction & Reading and Vocabulary

(教师用书独具)

●课标技能要求 重点词汇的理解与应用。 ●教学目标 (1)熟记学案中所列出的单词和短语。 (2)通过学案中所给出的重点单词和重点短语的学习,让学生能够正确理解和使用这些 单词和短语,能够运用这些词语造句。 (3)通过对这些词汇的理解能够更深层次的理解课文,并通过课文加深对这些词汇的理 解,更加熟练的运用这些词汇。 (4)通过对本课文的理解,让学生进一步掌握状语从句的用法。 ●教学地位 单词和短语是构成句子的最小单位, 在语言学习中起至关重要的作用, 所以准确理解和 正确使用英语单词和短语是英语学习的重点所在。

(教师用书独具)

●新课导入建议 Do you know who is the best gymnast in 1980s?Look at the photo on Page 4 2.What's the name of this gymnast?(通过看图发问,引出本课的主题——A life in Sport) ●教学流程设计 导入新课。→老师检查上堂课所布置的作业,检查学生对学案预习的情况。 → 错误!→错误!→错误!→错误!→让学生完成“自我评估”(见学案第 67 页)。→布置作业。 让学生完成课本第 43 页第 2~6 题, “课时作业”(见学案第 111 页)和预习 Period Ⅲ(见学案 第 67-70 页)。

(对应学生用书第 63 页)

1.retire v.退休;退役 When he retired at the age of 26, he had won 106 gold medals in major competitions across the world.(教材 P42) 26 岁退役时,他已经在世界重大比赛中获得了 106 枚金牌。 My father retired at the age of 60. 我父亲六十岁时退休了。 Yao Ming announced to retire from basketball on July 20.姚明 7 月 20 日宣布退出篮坛。

①retire from 从??退休,引退 retire as 以??身份退休 retire into oneself 变得沉默寡言,不愿同别人交谈 retire to 退到,去往?? ②retirement 退休;隐匿处 ③retired adj.退休的;退役的 ④retiring adj.快要退休的

He recently retired as head teacher of their school. 他最近以校长的身份退休了。 The old man retired to the country for rest.这位老人下乡休息去了。 She took to painting after retirement. 她退休后爱上绘画。 A firm employs my retired father as a consultant. 一家公司请我已退休的父亲做顾问。

完成句子 ①那位老工人决定退休后搬到乡下去。 The old worker decided to the country.

②这位明星打算从活跃的生活中隐退。 The star intended to ③他远离大家隐居着。 active life.

He lives

, away from everyone.

【答案】 ①retire to ②retire from ③in retirement 2.perform vi.&vt.表现,表演;执行,实行;运转 He was disappointed because he had not performed well in the 1988 Seoul Olympics.(教材 P42) 因为在 1988 年首尔奥运会上表现不佳,他非常失望。 Liu Xiang said the London Olympic Games might be his last Olympics and he would perform at his best. 刘翔说伦敦奥运会或许是他的最后一届奥运会,他会表现出他的最佳水平。 The cars produced in the factory perform well. 那家工厂生产的汽车运行良好。

①perform one's promise/duty 履行诺言/职责 perform task/operation 执行任务/手术 perform well/badly/poorly 运行良好/不好,演得好/不好 ②performance n.表演;实行;表现 give a performance=put on performance 演出 ③performer n.演出者;表演者

He promised to help us and has performed his promise. 他答应过要帮助我们并且已履行了诺言。 The doctor need perform an operation on him to relieve his pain.医生需要给他做手术以减 轻他的痛苦。

完成句子 ①建议容易实行难。 Proposal is easier ②有人请她表演个节目。 She is asked to . .

③要获得提升你必须干得出色。 You must in order to get a promotion.

【答案】 ①than performance ②give a performance ③perform well 3.But it was this sense of failure that made him determined to succeed in his new life.(教材 P42)但就是这种失败感使他决心在新的生活中取得成功。 本句是一个强调句型,强调的是主语 this sense of failure。正常的句序为:This sense of failure made him determined to succeed in his new life. It is that teacher who (that) is teaching us English. 就是那个老师教我们英语。

①强调句型基本结构: 肯定句式:It's/was+强调部分+that/who+非强调部分。 疑问句式:Is/Was it+强调部分+that/who+非强调部分? 特殊疑问句式:特殊疑问词+ is/was it+that+非强调部分? ②含有 not...until...的句式:It is/was not until+强调部分+that+非强调部分。 ③强调句型的判断:将强调句结构中的”is/ was...that/who...去掉,如果句子所剩下的部 分不缺少任何成分,仍是一个完整的句子,这个句子就是强调句,否则就是其他从句。

Was it in Beijing that we knew each other? 我们是在北京认识的吗? When was it that he left here? 他是什么时候离开这儿的? It was not until his mother came back that he went to bed.直到他妈妈回来他才去睡觉。 【提示】 强调句型是高考常见句型之一, 其考查形式具有多样性, 如考查 it 和 that/who, 考查强调句型的一般疑问句和特殊疑问句形式。另外还会结合定语从句、状语从句、宾语从 句、not...until...结构及主谓一致对其进行考查,这成为高考考查强调句型的一种趋势。 【对接高考】 ①(2012· 上海高考)—Was it by cutting down staff —No, it was by improving work efficiency. A.when C.how D.that 【解析】 本题是考查强调句的一般问句句式, 对 by cutting down staff 进行强调。 句意: ———是不是只有通过裁员她才能拯救公司的命运? ——不是,要通过提高工作效率来拯 B.what she saved the firm?

救。 【答案】 D ②(2012· 重庆高考 )It was 80 years before Christopher Columbus crossed the Atlantic Zheng sailed to East Africa. A.when B.that C.after D.since 【解析】 考查强调句型。句子虽然比较长,但是其主干为强调句型,是对“80 years

before Christopher Columbus crossed the Atlantic”进行了强调,由此可知,空白处应该填写 “that”。因此,正确答案为 B 选项。 【答案】 B

句型转换 I met John in the street yesterday. → → → yesterday.(强调主语) yesterday.(强调地点状语) yesterday?(一般疑问句)

【答案】 It was I that/who met John in the street; It was in the street that I met John; Was it you that/who met John in the street 4.compete with 和??竞争;和??抗争 He decided to launch a new brand of sportswear, competing with global giants like Nike and Adidas.(教材 P42)他决定推出一种新品牌的运动服,同全球大公司耐克和阿迪达斯等竞争。 We can compete with the best teams. 我们能与最好的队竞争。 We can't compete with them on price. 我们在价格上无法与他们竞争。

①compete against 与??抗争 compete for 为争取/得到……而比赛/竞争 compete in 在??方面竞争,在??方面胜任 ②competition n.竞争;比赛 ③competitive adj.竞争的;有竞争力的 ④competitor n.竞争对手;参赛者

Small shops cannot compete in prices with the big boys.小店是无法在价格上跟大公司进行 竞争的。 Runners from many countries are competing for the international prize.来自许多国家的赛跑 运动员正在为获得这项国际奖而竞争。 He was the twentieth in the competition. 他在竞赛中名列第二十。 It's getting very competitive in the car industry. 汽车工业方面的竞争日益加剧。 That company is a strong competitor of us. 那个公司是我们强有力的竞争对手。

介词填空 ①It is difficult for a small grocery store to compete ②Firms from across the country may compete ③How many people will compete 【答案】 ①with ②for ③in the race? a supermarket. the contract.

用 compete 的适当形式填空 ④She won a in some newspaper or other. . world.

⑤The firm has better products than its ⑥Nobody can entirely keep away from this 【答案】 ④competition 5.on the increase 正在增加

⑤competitors ⑥competitive

The number of young people with money to spend was on the increase—and sport had never been so popular.(教材 P42)有钱消费的年轻人数量正在增加——而且体育运动也得到前所未有 的普及。 Traffic accidents are on the increase as a result of the increase of private cars. 由于私家车的增加,交通事故也不断增加。 Protectionism in various forms seems to be on the increase.各种形式的地方保护主义似乎 在增强。

increase from...to... 由??增长到?? increase by... 增加了?? increase to... 增加到?? increase in 在??方面增加 increase with 随??增长

Export to Africa have increased by more than 25%. 对非洲的出口增长超过了 25%。 The Chinese corporations listed increase from 3 to 15 within 10 years. 上榜中国公司 10 年间由 3 家增至 15 家。 介词 on 在该短语中表示“在??情况下,处于??状态中”,类似的 短语有: on fire 着火 on holiday 在度假 on duty 在值班 教师备课资源 on business 在出差 on sale 在出售 on show 在展出 on leave 在休假 on strike 在罢工 on the advance 在上涨/扬中 on the rise 正在增加

完成句子 ①与去年相比,我们的石油产量增加了 3%。 Compared with last year, our oil output has ②我们学校学生的数量去年增加到了 2 000 人。 The number of the students in our school ③欧洲市场对初级产品的需求在增长。 The demand for primary products is in European market. 2,000 last year. 3%.

④人口从十年前的一百二十万增加到现在的一百八十万。 The population has increased 1.2 million 10 years ago 1.8 million now.

【答案】 ①increased by ②increased to

③on the increase ④from;to

单句改错 ⑤The production of this year has increased 20 percent.

⑥There was a steady increase of population.

【答案】 ⑤increased 后加 by ⑥ of→in 6.advantage n.优势;长处;便利条件 Li Ning's designs were attractive, and they had a major advantage over their betterknown rivals—they were cheaper.(教材 P42) 李宁运动服不仅设计吸引人,而且比起那些商业对手,它们拥有一个主要优势,那就是 价格便宜。 He would gain considerable advantage from staying in that job.他若继续留任会获得颇多的 好处。 Living in a big city has many advantages. 住在大城市里有很多优势。 Your good knowledge of English gave you advantage over the others. 你的英文好,使你有了其他人没有的长处。

①take advantage of 利用;利用(人或人的弱点等) to one's advantage=to the advantage of sb.对某人有利 hold/have an/the advantage over sb.胜过;优于 have the advantage of 有??的优势 be at an advantage 有利的,处于优势 ②disadvantage n.劣势;不利之处

They decided to take advantage of the fine weather to go to the country.他们决定趁着天好 到乡下去。 In the first half, we had the advantage over the opposing team.前半场,我们比对方队占优 势。 It'll be to your advantage to study abroad. 到国外学习对你有利。

完成句子 ①Tom always ②He (充分利用)the mistakes made by his rivals. (处于优势)me in English.

【答案】 ①takes full advantage of ②has an advantage over 7.A pair of Nike trainers, for example, could cost up to five times as much as a similar Li Ning product.(教材 P42) 比如,一双耐克鞋的价格可能是同样的李宁牌产品价格的 5 倍之多。 本句中 five times as much as 是倍数比较的一种常用形式,其基本结构为:倍数+as many/much +n.+as。 He has got three times as many books as his sister. 他拥有书的数量是他妹妹的三倍。 He spent twice as much time as I on the work. 他在这项工作上花费的时间是我的两倍。

英语中表示倍数的句型有: A+be+倍数+as+adj./adv.+as+B A+be+倍数+形容词或副词比较级+than+B A+be+倍数+the size/length/height/depth/width+of+B A+be+倍数+more+名词(可数/不可数)+than+B

His apartment is three times as large as mine. 他的公寓是我的公寓的三倍大。 The girl is ten times cleverer than her brother. 这女孩比她哥哥聪明十倍。 There are four times more books in our library than in yours.我们图书馆的藏书是你们图书 馆的四倍。 【提示】 ①用 times 表示倍数时,一般是限于表示三倍或三倍以上的数,表示两倍用 twice 或 double,一倍则用 once。②句式中表倍数的数字处也可为分数、百分数、half 等其 他程度状语。 This room is half the size of that one. 这个房间是那个房间的一半大。

The box is one third bigger than that one. 这个盒子比那个大三分之一。 【对接高考】 (2011· 陕西高考)The new stadium being built for the next Asian Games will be present one. A.as three times big as B.three times as big as C.as big as three times D.as big three times as 【解析】 考查倍数句型。句意:正在建的下一届亚运会的新体育馆是现在的体育馆的 三倍大。该题体现的倍数句型为:A+be+倍数+as+adj./adv.+as+B。 【答案】 B the

完成句子 这个学校是那个的三倍大。 ①This school is three times ②This school is three times ③This school is three times that one. that one. that one.

【答案】 ①as big as ②bigger than ③the size of 8.guarantee vt.保证;担保 n.保证;保修;担保 Success for Li Ning was guaranteed, and it came quickly.(教材 P42)李宁的成功有了保证, 并且来势迅猛。 We can't guarantee the punctual arrival of trains in fog weather.雾天我们不能保证火车准时 到达。 I guarantee that you'll enjoy yourself.我包你玩得痛快。 We guarantee to be here tomorrow.我们保证明天来。 The watch comes with a year's guarantee. 这手表保修一年。

①guarantee sth.保证、确保某事 guarantee+that 从句 保证??

guarantee to do sth.保证去做?? guarantee sb.sth./guarantee sth.to sb.向某人保证某事 guarantee sb./sth.against/from sth.保证??不?? ②under guarantee 在保修期内

This guaranteed them against injury. 这保证了他们不受伤。 Can you guarantee the watch to keep good time? 你能保证这表走得准吗? Is the television still under guarantee? 这台电视机还在保修期内吗?

完成句子 ①我们保证一周内送到。 We within a week.

②我的电脑还在保修期内。 My computer is still .

③买一张火车票并不保证你就会有座。 Buy a train ticket doesn't .

【答案】 ①guarantee to deliver ②under guarantee ③guarantee you a seat 9.If you go into a school or university anywhere, the chances are you will see students in Li Ning track suits with the familiar logo.(教材 P42) 如果你走进某地的中学或大学校园, 你就会看到学生们身穿那个有熟悉标志的李宁运动 服。 the chances are (that)...为固定句型,意为“很可能??”,句型中的 the 和 that 都可省 略,chances 不可改为单数。 The chances are that I will be looking for a new job soon.我可能很快就要去找一份新的工 作。 The chances are that you will win the prize. 你可能会获奖。

chance n.机会;机遇;可能性 a chance of (doing) sth./to do 做??的可能性 by chance 偶然;意外 by any chance 万一;碰巧 take a chance/take chances 冒险;碰运气 There is a chance of.../that...能??

There is a chance of rain.很有可能会下雨。 His chances of being able to leave hospital in time for New Year celebration were great. 他能离开医院回去过新年的可能性很大。

完成句子 ①万一他没来,我们会让小王开机器。 If, , he fails to come, we'll ask Xiao Wang to work the machine.

②有可能他们下周五回来。 that they will be back next Friday. 【答案】 ①by any chance ②There is a chance 句型转换 ③It's likely that they will lose the election. → that they will lose the election.

【答案】 The chances are 10.specific adj.具体的;特定的 The name of a product made by a specific company (教材 P43)一个特定公司生产的产品的 名称 He gave us very specific instructions. 他给我们做了非常明确的指示。 Education should not be restricted to any specific age group.教育不应限制在任何特定的年 龄群上。

specific/special specific ①表示“特定的”时,着重指某种、某类事物具有的特殊或特定 通常作定语

的属性,也可指专门提出作特别考虑的事物。 ②表示“具体的”时,侧重指具体的细节,是与 general(一般), vague(模糊)相对的具体。 ①表示“特别的,特殊的,专门的”。 special ②普通用词,指不同于一般、与众不同,着重指事物的专门性, 突出与一般不同。 通常作定语

用 specific/special 填空 ①He never drinks except on occasions. aim in life.

②The trouble with Bill was that he never had a ③She works as a nurse in a ④I want a hospital.

answer for this question.

【答案】 ①special ②specific ③special ④specific

Period Ⅲ

Integrating Skills & Grammar

(教师用书独具)

●课标技能要求 重点词汇的理解与语法的掌握。 ●教学目标 (1)熟记学案中所列出的单词和短语。 (2)通过学案中所给出的重点单词和重点短语的学习,让学生能够正确理解和使用这些 单词和短语,能够运用这些词语造句。 (3)通过对语法的教学让学生能够理解并能够运用状语从句。 ●教学地位 从句是学生感到比较难以掌握的东西。 让学生正确理解和掌握状语从句, 提高对复合句 的理解和使用能力。

(教师用书独具)

●新课导入建议 通过对学生作业的检查导入本堂新课。 ●教学流程设计 导入新课。→老师检查上堂课所布置的作业,检查学生对学案预习的情况。 → 错误!→错误!→老师针对难点和重点词汇进行讲解, 并补充学案中所遗漏的重点词汇, 补充 一 → 让学生讨论完成“语法精析”部分?见学案第68-70页?,并让各个讨论组发表各自见解。 →老师对语法部分给以点拨。让学生掌握状语从句的用法。→让学生完成“当堂双基达 标”(见学案第 70 页)。→师生共同讨论“当堂双基达标”并给出答案,并对难以理解的或 有争议的地方给出详解。→ 自我评估?见学案第70页?。 →布置作业。让学生完成课本第 44 -45 页第 1、2、3、4、6 题,预习学案 Period Ⅳ(见学案第 70-73 页)。 些 必 要 的 练 习 。

(对应学生用书第 67 页)

1.score n.得分;二十 vt.得分;记分; 获胜 Yao Ming scored before the first minute had passed.(教材 P44)还不到一分钟姚明就得分了。 I recorded the score in a notebook. 我在笔记本上记下了分数。 The home team has yet to score.主队还没有得分.

He scored 100 on the test.他考试得了 100 分。

make/have a score of 得??分 scores of 许多;大量;几十个 two score (of) eggs 四十个鸡蛋 keep (the) score 记分 in scores 很多地,大批地 score one goal 进了一球

There were three score of visitors waiting outside. 60 位来访者在外等候。 Scores of sailors were killed in the Thailand. 很多船员在泰国遇害。 People came in scores.人们成群结队而来。 score/dozen score (20) 修饰名词时,习惯与 of 连用 two score of eggs dozen 后跟名词时大多 dozen (12) 不加 of 而当形容词用。 two dozen eggs scores of 许多 前有数字时,单复数同 dozens of 许多,表示概 数 形

完成句子 ①几十年艰苦奋斗,他终于获得了成功。 After hard struggle, he arrived at success.

②我走了 20 英里。 I walked 很多人从我身边经过. People are passing me . miles.

【答案】 ①scores of years of ②a score of ③in scores

2.vote for 投票赞成 Who do the men and women vote for? 那些人给谁投票? He won the election because all the people voted for him.他选举获胜了, 因为所有的人都投 了他的票。 (教材 P46)

vote against 投票反对 vote through 投票通过 vote on sth.就??投票 vote to do/that...投票去做……/决定??

Did you vote for or against the plan? 对这项计划你投了赞成票还是反对票? We are going to vote on the plan. 我们打算就这一提案进行表决。

完成句子 ①与会的约有 50%的人反对这项计划。 About half of the people present the plan.

②现在有许多人在网上投票支持他们最喜爱的歌曲。 Nowadays, many people ③成员们投票通过了提案。 The members the bill . their favourite songs on the Internet.

④如果你们无法同意,可以投票表决。 If you cannot agree, you can it.

【答案】 ①voted against ②vote for ③voted; through ④vote on 3.That's not the point.(教材 P47) 那不是重点。 That's not the point.The point is you completely forgot my birthday. 这不是重点,重要的是你把我的生日忘得一干二净。 Let's look at a few more examples.Remember, you may know the answer, but that's not the point!

再举几个例子。记住,或许你知道你所问问题的答案,但这并不重要!

at the point of 将近 come to the point 开门见山;直接说要点 in point of 关于,就??而论 off/beside the point 离题的 on the point of 即将

The soup is at the point of cold; I'll boil it up again for you.汤快凉了,我给你热一下。 In point of cost, the first plan is better. 就成本而言,第一个计划较好。 I was on the point of going to bed when you rang. 你打电话的时候我正要睡觉。 point against 对着,指着,顶着 point at (把??)对准,指向 教师备课资源 point for 准备 point out 指出;把注意力引向?? point to 显示??的位置或方向

完成句子 ①请开门见山吧,我很忙。 I'm in a hurry, so ②不要离题。 Don't wander . .

③我正准备要走,你突然来了电话。 I was leaving when you called.

【答案】 ①come to the point ②off the point ③on the point of 4.So what? (教材 P48)那又怎么样? So what? 为省略后的问句,表示某人对前面所提到的事情不以为然。 —He's fifteen years younger than you. 他比你小十五岁。

—So what?

那又怎么样?

What of it? =So what?那又怎么样? What for? 为什么? What if...?如果??将会怎么样? What about...???怎么样?(用于征求意见)

【对接高考】 (2011· 江苏高考)—Linda didn't invite us to the party. — ?I don't care. B.So what

A.For what

C.What's on D.What's up 【解析】 考查交际用语。 根据答语的第二句“I don't care”可知应选择 so what 表示“(认 为某事无关紧要)那又怎么样”。 【答案】 B

完成句子 ①你为什么要问那个愚蠢的问题? did you ask that silly question ②——如果明天下雨将会怎么样? — it rains tomorrow? ?

——我们将不得不推迟。 —We'll just have to postpone it. ③——恐怕太贵了。 —I'm afraid it's too expensive. ——那有什么关系?我们有的是钱。 — ?We've plenty of money. ③So what

【答案】 ①What;for ②What if

观察下列从 Reading 中选取的句子,体会状语从句的用法。 ①If you go into a school or university anywhere, the chances are you will see students in Li Ning tracksuits with the familiar logo. ②Whenever Chinese athletes step out onto the track during the 2008 Olympics, they will be wearing Li Ning tracksuits. ③Li Ning has discovered that the work of a great sportsman does not finish when he retires from the sport. ④And if you are a great sportsperson, anything is possible, as Li Ning's advertisement slogan says. [自我总结] 状语从句也称为副词性从句, 它可以用来修饰 。 状语从句放在主

句之前时,常用逗号分开;放在主句之后,一般不用逗号。状语从句按其意义和作用,可分 为 句。 【答案】 谓语、定语、状语、或整个句子;时间、地点、条件、原因、结果、目的、 让步、方式、比较 9 种。本模块主要复习时间状语从句、条件状语从句和让步状语从

状语从句 一、时间状语从句 1. 常用来引导时间状语从句的从属连词有: when, whenever, as, while, before, after, since, as soon as 等。 (1)when,while 和 as 引导的时间状语从句 ①when 当(在)??时(=at the time that)可表示瞬间时间;与主句中谓语动词的动作同步 发生,也可有先后。 It was snowing when we got to the airport.(同时发生)我们到达机场时,天正下着雪。 He went home when he had finished his homework.(先后发生)做完作业后他回家了。 ②while 正当(正在)??时,while 引导的句子中动词常为延续性动词。 Please write while I read.我念的时候,请写下来。

I am safe while I am here.只要我在这儿我就安全。 ③as 当??时(=at the same time) a.不指先后,指动作或事件同时发生。 As I looked, someone came near. 正当我看的同时,有人走近我。 b.as 还可说明两种正在发展或变化的情况。 As I get older, I get more optimistic. 随年龄增长,我变得更乐观了。 (2) as soon as..., hardly...when..., no sooner...than...一??就?? 若把表示否定含义的副词 hardly/no sooner 等放在句首, 则它们所在的主句要部分倒装, 且主句要用过去完成时态。 Hardly had he arrived when it began to rain. = No sooner had he arrived than it began to rain. 他刚到天就开始下雨了。 (3)表示“一??就??”的一些副词有:immediately,instantly,directly 等。 Immediately the bell rang, the boys rushed out. 铃一响,男孩子们就冲出去了。 2. 一些表示时间的名词词组, 如 the moment, each time, every time, the first time, the last time, the next time, the minute,the instant 等也可以用来引导时间状语从句,起连词的作用。 Every time he came, he would bring me good news. 他每一次来,都会给我带来好消息。 The first time I went to Mount Tai, I was very happy.第一次去泰山,我非常高兴。 3.till/until 引导的时间状语从句 主句的谓语动词如果是延续性的应用肯定式, 意为“一直到??”, 如果是非延续性的 要用否定式,意为“直到??才??”。 I waited till/until 9:00. 我一直等到 9 点钟。(wait 为延续性动作) I didn't go to bed until/till my father came back.我直到父亲回来才上床睡觉。(go to bed 为 非延续性动作) 【提示】 在 not...until...结构中 not until 位于句首时主句部分倒装。在强调句中,强调 until 引导时间状语时,常把 not 提前,构成 It isn't/wasn't until...that...。 It wasn't until 11 that he returned home. 直到 11 点他才回家。 4.before 和 since 引导的时间状语从句 (1)若表达“还未??就??,不到??就??,??才??,趁??还没来得及”时,

需用连词 before。 He had put the broken vase away before his mother came back. 他趁妈妈还没回来就把打碎的花瓶收拾好了。 (2)It will be+时间段+before sb.do (does)“多久之后才??”。 It will be 3 days before our manager signs the agreement.要过 3 天后经理才签那份协议。 (3) since 从句的谓语动词一般是非延续性动词,主句的谓语动词是延续性的或者是表示 反复发生的动作。 since 从句的时态通常是一般过去时,主句中的时态则通常是现在完成时或现在完成进 行时。 He has written to me frequently since I got sick. 自从我病了以后,他经常给我写信。 (4)在 It is+时间段+since 从句句型中, 时间的计算一律从 since 从句的动作完成或状态 结束时算起。 It is half a year since she left our class. 她离开我们班有半年了。 (5)since 从句的谓语动词是延续性动词时,说明这一动作或状语的终止,译为“自从该 动作结束以来有??时间了。” It is three years since he smoked.他戒烟有三年了。 二、条件状语从句 条件状语从句是由 if,once,as long as,unless,on condition that,in case 等引导。 1.if 和 unless 是最常用的条件从句连接词,unless 在意义上等于 if...not...,并且语气较 强。if 可用于虚拟条件句。 You will improve your oral English if you keep on practising. 如果你坚持练习的话,你将会提高你的英语口语。 If I were you, I would give up smoking at once.(虚拟条件句)如果我是你,我会立即戒烟。 2.in case 后接一般现在时,一般过去时或包含 should 所引导的从句,为主句的动作提 供理由。 Don't go out tomorrow morning in case Mr.Li should come to visit you. 明天上午不要出去以防李先生来拜访你。 三、让步状语从句 让步状语从句由 although(though),as,even if,however,whatever,no matter who 等词 引导。 1.whatever,however 和 no matter what/how 这两种形式都可引导让步状语从句,意义 无差别。 Whatever (No matter what) happens, we will not change our minds.

无论发生什么事,我们都不会改变想法。 However (No matter how) difficult the work is, we will try our best to finish it in time. 无论工作多么困难,我们都要尽力及时完成。 2.形容词/副词/名词/动词/分词+as/though 可引导一个让步状语从句,表示强调。 Young as/though he is, he knows a lot about life. 尽管他很小,但他对生活懂得挺多。 【提示】 as 引导让步状语从句时,动词或现在分词放在句首,谓语要加助动词 do, does,did 或 will 等;作表语的单数可数名词置于句首时,前不加冠词。 Hard as she tried, she failed to pass the exam. 尽管她努力了,但还是没有通过考试。 Fail as he did, he would never give up. 尽管失败了,他也决不会放弃。 Intelligent student as he is, he doesn't study hard. 尽管他是个聪明的学生,但他不努力学习。 3.whether 引导的让步状语从句 Whether you go or not, I will go to visit my teachers. 不管你去不去,我都要去看望我的老师。 4.while 也可引导让步状语从句,突出对比主句和从句所表示的两种情况。一般要位于 句首。 While he is young, he is experienced. 他虽然年轻,却有经验。

(对应学生用书第 70 页)

Ⅰ.单项填空 1.(2012· 山东高考)He smiled politely A.as C.unless D.though 【解析】 状语从句,as 引导时间状语从句。考查基础语法知识和运用其分析解答问 B.if Mary apologized for her drunken friends.

题的能力。句意:当 Mary 为她喝醉了的朋友道歉时,他礼貌地微笑着。根据句意,此处只 能用 as 引导这个时间状语从句,相当于 while。 其他选项中,though 表示让步, 不符合句意。 unless 意为“要不是”,可以排除。

【答案】 A 2. (2012· 湖南高考) an A. A.While B.Once C.If D.Until 【解析】 句意:尽管我老觉得我会通过考试,然而,我从来不曾想过会得“A 等”。 根据上下文可以看出,题干需要一个引导让步状语从句的连词。while 在这里等于 though。 【答案】 A 3. (2012· 湖南高考) the amount you eat. A.However B.Whatever C.Whichever D.Whenever 【解析】 句意:不减少进食,无论你怎么努力,要减肥是困难的。其他几个选项语义 不通。however=no matter how“无论怎么”在此引导让步状语从句。 【答案】 A 4. (2012· 陕西高考)Hot after the long journey. A.although B.as C.while D.however 【解析】 考查状语从句。hot 是做从句的表语,提前说明从句时倒装,即 as 引导的让 步状语从句中,要将从句中的表语,状语,或动词原形提到 as 之前,故选 B。 【答案】 B 5.(2012· 江西高考)You can borrow my car A.unless B.even if C.in case D.as long as 【解析】 unless 除非,如果不,如果用 unless,那么语意前后矛盾;even if 即使,引 导让步状语从句;in case 以防,万一,引导目的、条件状语从句;as/so long as 只要,引导 条件状语从句,符合语意和语境。句意:只要你承诺不开得太快,你就可以借用我的车。 【答案】 D Ⅱ.句型转换 1.No matter who you are, I won't open the door. → you are, I won't open the door. you promise not to drive too fast. the night air was, we slept deeply because we were so tired hard you try, it is difficult to lose weight without cutting down I always felt I would pass the exam, I never thought I would get

2.Until you agree to do what we say, we will not have direct contacts with you. →Not until you agree to do what we say we direct contacts with you.

3.The storm had no sooner started than all the lights went out. →No sooner started than all the lights went out.

4.He felt a thrill the very moment he got into the theatre. →He felt a thrill he got into the theatre.

5.Though he works hard, he makes little progress. → he works, he makes little progress. 3.had the storm 4.as soon as 5.Hard as

【答案】 1.Whoever 2.will;have

Period Ⅳ

Cultural Corner & Writing

(教师用书独具)

●课标技能要求 掌握本课文中的词汇,理解课文,深度理解“马拉松比赛”的背景知识并能够就“运 动”的话题进行英语表达。 ●教学目标 (1)掌握本学案中所给出的词汇,能够理解并能熟练运用。 (2)理解课文。 (3)听懂课文中所给出的听力材料。 (4)能够根据课文中所提出的问题,发表自己的看法和给出学生认为合理的建议。 (5)掌握通知的写作要领。 ●教学地位 本课时的内容是关于马拉松运动的一些背景知识。 通过对马拉松这一运动的说明, 让学 生探索,猜测其他体育运动的起惊。另外,根据提供的一个材料,写成通知,是通知实用文 体中常用的一个方面,所以我们必须掌握各类通知的写法。

(教师用书独具)

●新课导入建议 我们生活在一个节奏非常快的社会中, 所以我们一定要意识到身体健康和运动锻炼的重 要性。那么我们就通过对本文的学习,了解更多的运动明星及其运动生涯,并增强自我健身 意识。 ●教学流程设计 检 查 上 堂 课 所 布 置 的 作 业 。 → 导 入 新 课 。

→ 学生快速阅读课文?见课本第49页?并根据学案所设置的判断正误问题做出判断。 →学生 就 学 案 中 的 问 题 相 互 交 换 意 见 。 老 师 指 导 学 生 统 一 答 案 。 → 让学生再次仔细阅读课文,并完成学案中“语篇理解”部分?见学案第70-71页?。

→ 学生共同讨论。师生统一答案。 →学生完成“要点讲练”部分(见学案第 71-72 页)。 → 学生共同讨论,并让学生发表各自见解,最后统一答案。 →学生完成“写作提升”部 分(见学案第 72-73 页)。然后利用本学案的“写作提升”,掌握通知的写作要领。→自我 评估(见学案第 73 页)。→让学生做“课时作业”(见学案第 113 页)。 →老师布置作业:让 学生课下做“模块归纳提升”部分(见学案第 73-74 页)和 Workbook 第 92-94 页第 6、7、 8、9、10 题。

(对应学生用书第 70 页)

Ⅰ.判断正误 阅读 P49 课文, 判断正(T)误(F) 1.Marathon is usually the most exciting event in the Olympics.( 2.The distance of marathon has been the same as it began.( 3.There are many marathons in the world every year.( 【答案】 1.T 2.F 3.T Ⅱ.语篇理解 ) ) )

阅读 P49 的 Cultural Corner 部分,从每题所给的 3 个选项中选择最佳答案 1.According to the first paragraph, which of the following is TRUE? A.Marathon is the final event in the Olympics. B.Marathon is the most exciting event in the Olympics. C.The soldier was the first sportsman who attended Marathon. 2.The distance of Marathon was changed to 42km because A.the origin distance was a little short B.the distance between Marathon and Athens was 42km C.the King of England raised his requests 3.Marathon is the final Olympic event because A.it is the least attractive one B.it cost the longest time C.it is regarded as the hardest one 4.Who can be the runner of Marathon? A.Most people who train for it. B.The athletes with gifts. C.The strongest ones. 【答案】 1.A 2.C 3.C 4.A . .

(对应学生用书第 71 页)

1.rise to one's feet 站起身 As the leader comes into the stadium to run the last few meters of the 42kilometre race, the crowd rises to the feet to shout and cheer.(教材 P49)每当领先的运动员进入体育场来跑那全程 42 公里的马拉松的最后几米时,全场观众都会站起来向他欢呼喝彩。 Rise to your feet when the visitor comes in. 来宾进来时请大家站起来。 He rose to his feet and tapped on the table as if he was going to speak.

他站起身轻轻敲打桌子,好像要发言似的。

on foot 徒步;步行 on one's feet 站着;恢复健康 jump to one's feet 跳起 get/rise to one's feet 站起来 struggle to one's feet 挣扎着站起来 stand on one's own feet 自立;独立自主 rise to one's full height 站直身子

He jumped to his feet and ran out of the office. 他一下子跳了起来,跑出了办公室。 Then, rising to his full height, he shook off his beggar's rags.接着,他挺身直立,脱去他那 乞丐的破衣。 The man struggle to his feet and went on. 那个人费劲地站起来,继续往前走。 When one is eighteen years old, he should stand on his own feet.当一个人十八岁的时候, 他 应该自立了。

完成句子 ①He earns enough to ②He ③The lion ④We're going (自立). (站起来)when he saw her father came in. (一跃而起)and started running toward the goat. (步行),not by car.

【答案】 ①stand on his own feet ②rose to his feet/got to his feet ③jumped to his feet ④on foot 2.The Americans protested and in the end the American runner was declared the winner.(教 材 P49) 美国人提出抗议,最后美国选手被宣布为获胜者。 (1)protest v.抗议;反对 n.抗议;反对;申明 He protested the decision made by the committee.

他抗议委员会作出的决议。 There's no use protesting; I won't change my mind. 抗议没有用,我决不改变主意。 He protested his innocence. 他声称自己无罪。 The people made a protest about the rise in prices. 人们对价格上涨提出抗议。

protest about/against/at 抗议;反对 protest thatclause 抗议;反对 under protest 无奈地;不服气地;不甘心地 make a protest against 对??提出抗议 with/in protest 抗议

Students stepped to the streets to protest against the decision.学生们走上街头,抗议这项决 定。 I can't pass the matter by without a protest. 我不能对此事视而不见,我要提出抗议。 At that meeting one of the delegates walked out in protest.在那次会议上一个代表退席以示 抗议。 He wrote a letter of apology but only under protest. 他无奈之下写了一封致歉信。

完成句子 ①主任辞职以示抗议这项决定。 The director resigned the decision.

②她坚持说她以前从未见过这个被指控的男子。 She she had never seen the accused man before.

③我勉强去看了医生。 I went to the doctor ④我对叫我老傻瓜表示抗议。 .

I

being called an old fool.

【答案】 ①in protest against ②protested that ③under protest ④protest against (2) declare vt.公告;宣告;声明;声称 He declared that he was innocent. 他声称自己是无罪的。 I now declare this meeting open.我现在宣布会议开始。

①declare against/for 声明反对/赞成 declare sth./sb.(to be/as)+n./adj.宣布??为??; 断言??为?? declare thatclause 宣布;宣称?? declare war (on/against)(向??)宣战 It is/was declared thatclause 宣布?? ②declaration n.宣告;声明;布告

The committee declared against the plan. 委员会反对这个计划。 It is declared that there will be no school this afternoon.已经宣布今天下午不上课。 The teacher declared him (to be/as) our monitor. 老师宣布他为我们的班长。

declare/announce declare 指公开、正式、郑重地“宣布、声称、声明”(战争、和平、判决、意见等),含 有十分肯定的意思。 指首次公开“宣布、宣告”一件令人关心或感兴趣的事情,这种宣布一般带有 预告的性质。

announce

完成句子 ⑤她宣称再也不想见到他了。 She she didn't want to see him again.

⑥我宣布会议结束。

I declare

.

【答案】 ⑤declared that ⑥the meeting (to be) closed 用 declare/announce 的适当形式填空 ⑦The court ⑧Everyone was silent as he ⑨David that Brown's case should be reviewed. the winner of the competition.

to his friends that he was getting married.

【答案】 ⑦declared ⑧announced ⑨announced 3.The marathon is the final Olympic event because it is thought to be the hardest.(教材 P49) 马拉松是奥运会最后一场赛事,因为它被认为是最难的项目。 【句式分析】 句中 it 指代 the marathon, “it is thought to be the hardest”属于“sth./sb.is thought to do/to be...”句型的变体。 He is thought to be fit for the position. 人们认为他是这个职位的合适人选。 It is thought that he is the best player. 人们认为他是最好的演奏家。

it is said that...据说?? it is reported that...据报道?? it is suggested that...有人建议?? it is thought that...人们认为?? it is known that...众所周知??

It was reported that he had won the game. 据报道他赢了比赛。 It is said that he was a spy during the war. 据说在战争期间他是个间谍。 【提示】 以上结构都可以转化为以下两种句型: ①sb./sth.be said/thought/hoped/...+to do sth.其中 to do 有三种形式,即 to do, to be doing(表正在进行),to have done(表已经发生)。

②People say/think/hope/...+that 从句。

句型转换 ①It's often said that we are living in an age of information explosion. → →We that we are living in an age of information explosion. in an age of information explosion.

②It is said that he won the game. → the game.

【答案】 ①People often say;are said to be living ②He is said to have won

如何写通知 通知分书面通知与口头通知两种。 主要是上级对下级或组织对成员布置工作、 传达精神 或召开会议时所采用的一种文体。通知的语言要规范,切忌使用模糊不清的语言和俗语。时 间、地点、参加者、内容、注意事项是通知的要点,应直截了当地一一予以说明。 1.口头通知用词表达要注重口语化。口头通知的开头往往有称呼语 (被通知的对象), 如“Boys and girls,”“Ladies and gentlemen,”“Comrades and friends,”等,或用提醒 听众注意的语句,如“Attention,please!”“Your attention, please!”“May I have your attention, please?”等,且多有结束语,如“Thank you(for listening).”以示礼貌。 2 . 书 面 通 知 一 般 在 正 文 上 方 居 中 写 标 题 Notice(NOTICE) 或 Announcement (ANNOUNCEMENT)。书面通知一定要有发出通知的时间及落款。发出通知的时间一般写 在通知正文的左下角,落款位于右下角,也可都写在右下角或左下角。 正文要写明所做事情的时间、地点、概括性内容(多为书面通知的首句)、出席对象及注 意事项。正文一般可采用文章式,为了醒目,也可采用广告式。 书面通知要求用词贴切,语句简洁,多用书面语。 在通知中被动语态使用较多,且多用将来时态,正文一般用第三人称来写。 [常用句式] (1)称呼语及开场白部分: ①May I have/call your attention,please? ②Attention,please everybody! ③I have an announcement to make. ④I have something to tell you.

⑤I have some good news for you! (2)正文部分: ①There will be a talk this afternoon. ②The Students' Union has decided that... ③We shall have a lecture on... ④It has been decided that we'll pay a visit to... ⑤Please take your notebook with you. ⑥We'll gather at the school gate at eight tomorrow. ⑦Please be there on time and don't be late. (3)结束语部分: ①Please come and join in it. ②I hope you can have a good time. ③That's all.Thank you.

[题目要求] 假如有一批澳大利亚中学生在京旅游, 住在北京饭店, 请用英语为他们拟一个参观颐和 园的口头通知,内容要点如下: 1.参观时间:五月四日,星期二 2.颐和园简介:它是中国最大的保存最完好的皇家园林,风景优美,甚是迷人,有山 有水,有皇家建筑和画廊。 3.活动安排:中午在快餐店吃午饭,下午 5:30 返回宾馆。 4.时间安排:星期二早上 6:10 集合,汽车 6:30 开,行驶 45 分钟。 5.集合地点:宾馆大门口。 注意:1.不要逐条翻译; 2.词数 100 左右。 [词汇热身] 1.请注意 2.参观某地 3.保存完好的 4.皇家园林 5.被??打动 6.自由做??

7.在门口集合 8.按时 【答案】 1.have your attention 2.visit someplace/pay a visit to someplace 3.wellkept

4.royal park 5.be struck by 6.be free to do 7.gather at the gate 8.on time [句式温习] 1.颐和园是中国最大,保存最完好的皇家园林。 The Summer Palace is 2.你们会被它的美景迷住。 You will its beautiful scenery. in China.

3.上午我们将自由参观颐和园里的不同地方,然后在快餐店吃午饭。 In the morning we will the fast food restaurant. 4.请在周二早晨 6:10 在宾馆门口集合。 Please at 6:10 on Tuesday morning. 2.be struck by 3.be free to visit the different of the Summer Palace and then we will have lunch in

【答案】 1.the largest wellkept royal park places 4.gather at the hotel gate [连句成篇]

【参考范文】 Dear friends, May I have your attention please? We will visit the Summer Palace on Tuesday, May 4.The Summer Palace is the largest wellkept royal park in China.In the park there is water and manpiled hills.There are some royal buildings and a gallery too.I am sure you will be struck by its beautiful scenery.In the morning we will be free to visit the different places of the Summer Palace and then we will have lunch in the fast food restaurant.We will get back to the hotel at half past five.Please gather at the hotel gate at 6: 10 on Tuesday morning.The buses will start at 6: 30.It will

take us about 45 minutes to get there.Please be on time. That's all.Thank you.

Ⅰ.立体式复习单词 A.基础单词 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 【答案】 n.跑道 n.商标;牌子 vt.保证 n.符号 vi.& vt.得分 n.特性;品德;品性 n.胜利 vi.抗议 vt.宣布 adj.费力的;棘手的;困难的 1.track 2.brand 3.guarantee 4.symbol 5.score 6.quality 7.victory

8.protest 9.declare B.词汇拓展 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 的 【答案】

10.tough

vi.退休;退役 → vi.表现→ n.优势;长处→ n.冠军→

n.退休;退役 n.执行者;表演者→ n.劣势;不利 n.冠军称号;锦标赛 vi.竞争→ adj.好竞争的;有竞争力 n.表现;表演

n.竞争者;对手→

11.retire; retirement

12.perform; performer; performance 15.competitor; compete;competitive

13.advantage;

disadvantage 14.champion; championship Ⅱ.递进式回顾短语 A.短语互译 1.正在增加 the increase

2.比??有优势 have an advantage 3. be up to sb.

4.

rise to one's feet

【答案】 1.on 2.over 3.由??决定 4.站起身 B.用上面词组的适当形式填空 5.As soon as he appeared on the stage, the whole audience 6.With the development of our company, my wages are 7.“Shall we go for a walk or stay at home?” “It's 8.Yao Ming other players in playing basketball. 8.has an advantage over . this year. .”

【答案】 5.rose to their feet 6.on the increase 7.up to you Ⅲ.仿写式活用句型

1.But it was this sense of failure that made him determined to succeed in his new life. 【句式仿写】 我是在公园里遇见了我的叔叔。

2.A pair of Nike trainers, for example, could cost up to five times as much as a similar Li Ning product. 【句式仿写】 这个壶里装的水是那个壶里的四倍。

3.If you go into a school or university anywhere, the chances are you will see students in Li Ning tracksuits with the familiar logo. 【句式仿写】 他很有可能在这次比赛中再次获胜。

4.The Marathon is the final Olympic event because it is thought to be the hardest. 【句式仿写】 人们认为他是个诚实的人。

【答案】 1.It was in the park that I met my uncle. be an honest man.

2.There is four times as much water in 4.He is thought to

this pot as in that one. 3.The chances are that he may win this match again.

阅读理解之主旨大意题(一) 标题选择题

标题选择题是主旨大意题的一种, 要求给文章选定一个标题, 这是高考阅读理解题常考 的题型之一。 文章的标题要具有概括性,要能最大程度地覆盖全文,概括文章的主要内容,体现文章

的主旨。标题还应具备醒目性,能够吸引读者的注意力,唤起读者对文章的阅读兴趣。 【实例透析】 (2012· 安徽高考· B) [1]Why is pink or purple a color for girls and blue or brown for boys? [2]The answer depends largely on cultural values as well as personal experiences.To the Egyptians,green was a color that represented the hope and joy of spring,while for Muslims,it means heaven.Red is a symbol of good luck in many cultures.In China,children are given money in a red envelope to bring good fortune in the New Year.For many nations,blue is a symbol of protection and religious beliefs.Greek people often wear a blue necklace hoping to protect themselves against evils(灾祸). [3]People's choice of colors is also influenced by their bodies' reactions( 反应 )toward them.Green is said to be the most restful color.It has the ability to reduce pain and relax people both mentally and physically.People who work in green environments have been found to have fewer stomach aches. [4]Red can cause a person's blood pressure to rise and increase people's appetites( 食 欲).Many decorators will include different shades of red in the restaurant.Similarly,many commercial websites will have a red“Buy Now”button because red is a color that easily catches a person's eye. [5]Blue is another calming color.Unlike red,blue can cause people to lose appetite.So if you want to eat less,some suggest that eating from blue plates can help. [6]The next time you are deciding on what to wear or what color to decorate your room, think about the color carefully. 63.Which of the following would be the most proper title for the text? A.Colors and Human Beings B.The Cultural Meaning of Color C.Colors and Personal Experiences D.The Meaning and Function of Color 【解析】 D。主旨大意题。全文以 green,red,blue 等颜色为例阐述了不同颜色的文 化意义和作用。A“颜色与人类”,题目过于宽泛;B“颜色的文化意义”没有涵盖颜色的 作用, 文章从第三段起就主要说明颜色的作用; C“颜色和个人经历”在第二段的首句提到, 但是不能涵盖全文的内容。文章第一段以问句开始,以引起读者的兴趣,接着从颜色的文化 意义和颜色的作用两个方面展开说明,故答案为 D 项。 【技巧点拨】 解题时关键要抓住文章的首尾段和每一段的首尾句, 要注意贯穿文章始终的词语。 不同 体裁的文章的主题位置不同, 比如从新闻报道的第一段就可以知道主题是什么。 议论文多是

“总—分—总”的结构,所以首尾段是关键;说明文的解题关键在主题句;记叙文要注意六 个要素,即 5 个 W(what,who,where,when,why)和一个 H(how)。同时还要注意标题有 时用的是省略形式,比如用分词作定语代替定语从句等。 【现场练兵】 The 2012 London Olympics had enough problems to worry about. But one more has just been added — a communications blackout caused by solar storms. After a period of calm within the Sun, scientists have detected the signs of a fresh cycle of sunspots that could peak in 2012, just in time for the arrival of the Olympic torch in London. Now scientists believe that this peak could result in vast solar explosions that could throw billions of tons of charged matter towards the Earth, causing strong solar storms that could jam the telecommunications satellites and Internet links sending live Olympic broadcast from London. “The Sun's activity has a strong influence on the Earth. The Olympics could be in the middle of the next solar maximum which could affect the functions of communications satellites,” said Professor Richard Harrison, head of space physics at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in Oxfordshire. ... 75. Which of the following might be the BEST title of the passage? A. Solar Storms: An Invisible Killer B. Solar Storms: Earth Environment in Danger C. Solar Storms: Threatening the Human Race D. Solar Storms: Human Activities to Be Troubled 【解析】 D。标题选择题。根据第一段可知本文的话题是 Solar Storms,那么该话题 的控制性概念是什么呢?A 项是“无形的杀手”;B 项是“地球环境处于危险中”;C 项是 “威胁着人类”;D 项是“人类活动受到干扰”。文章的主要内容是太阳风暴会影响 2012 年奥运的通讯系统和网络连接,这应该属于“人类活动”概念,故 D 项是最佳标题。


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