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2012高考英语湖南卷(已整理)


2012 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试
湖南卷 Part I Listening Comprehension (30 marks)

Section A (22.5 marks)
Directions: In this section, you will hear six conversations between two speaker

s. For each conversation, there are several questions and each question is followed by three choices marked A, B and C. Listen carefully and then choose the best answer for each question. You will hear each conversation TWICE. Conversation 1 1. When does the woman finish work? A. At 6:00. B. At 7:00. C. At 8:00. 2. What is the man going to do tonight? A. See his parents. B. Watch a new movie. C. Go for an appointment. Conversation 2 3. Where does the man play tennis? A. At the university. B. At the club. C. At the community center. 4. How often does the man play tennis? A. Once a week. B. Three times a week. C. Five times a week. Conversation 3 5. What is the man doing? A. Getting dressed. B. Having an interview. C. Celebrating a birthday. 6. What is the probable relationship between the two speakers? A. Parent and child. B. Husband and wife. C. Customer and saleswoman. Conversation 4 7. Why did the man come back late? A. He went to the bar. B. He met his teacher. C. He played basketball. 8. What did the woman do this morning? A. She took a physics test. B. She had a meeting. C. She held a party. 9. What will the woman probably do after the conversation? A. See her friends. B. Go to the school. C. Prepare dinner. Conversation 5 10. Where did the woman grow up? A. In Switzerland. B. In the UK. C. In France. 11. Which of the following does the woman like best about Weybridge? A. Its scenery. B. Its people. C. Its facilities. 12. What does the man do? A. A teacher. B. A host. C. A tour guide. Conversation 6 13. Why is the woman upset? A. The man didn?t apologize. B. The man didn?t turn up. C. The man didn?t call. 14. Who is the man speaking to?

A. A waitress. B. A professor. 15. When will the two speakers see each other? A. On Tuesday. B. On Thursday. Section B (7.5 marks)

C. A doctor. C. On Friday.

Directions: In this section, you will hear a short passage. Listen carefully and then fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Fill in each blank with NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS. You will hear the short passage TWICE. School Library Locations And resources Rules ? 1st floor:80,000 books ? 2nd floor:16. kinds of newspapers and magazines by full-time students.

? Books for lending can be kept for a 17. ? 18. ? All day long Opening time Access ? All year round except Christmas and 19. ? By 20.

books, newspapers and magazines can never be taken out.

Part II Language Knowledge (45 marks)
Section A (15 marks)
Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. 21. We?ve had a good start, but next, more work needs ________ to achieve the final success. A. being done B. do C. to be done D. to do 22. Don?t worry. The hard work that you do now ________ later in life. A. will be repaid B. was being repaid C. has been repaid D. was repaid 23. Time, ________ correctly; is money in the bank. A. to use B. used C. using D. use 24. Bicycling is good exercise; ________, it does not pollute the air. A. nevertheless B. besides C. otherwise D. therefore 25. Close the door of fear behind you, and you _________ the door of faith open before you. A. saw B. have seen C. will see D. are seeing 26. Everyone in the village is very friendly. It doesn?t matter ________ you have lived there for a short or a long time. A. why B. how C. whether D. when 27. “The moment ________ soon,” he thought to himself, waiting nervously. A. came B. has come C. was coming D. is coming 28. ________ I always felt I would pass the exam, I never thought I would get an A. A. While B. Once C. If D. Until 29. Sorry, I am too busy now. If I ________ time, I would certainly go for an outing with you. A. have had B. had had C. have D. had 30. It was not until I came here ________ I realized this place was famous for not only its beauty but also its

weather. A. who B. that C. where D. before 31. The lecture, ________ at 7:00 pm last night, was followed by an observation of the moon with telescopes. A. starting B. being started C. to start D. to be started 32. ________ hard you try, it is difficult to lose weight without cutting down the amount you eat. A. However B. Whatever C. Whichever D. Whenever 33. — I remember you were a talented pianist at college. Can you play the piano for me? — Sorry, I ________ the piano for years. A. don?t play B. wasn?t playing C. haven?t played D. hadn?t played 34. Care of the soul is a gradual process ________ even the small details of life should be considered. A. what B. in what C. which D. in which 35. All the scientific evidence ________ that increasing use of chemicals in farming ________ damaging our health. A. show;are B. shows;are C. show;is D. shows;is

Section B (18 marks)
Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. “What?s it like to have a gap between your teeth?” a girl asked me one day. Nobody had ever 36 before. My hand unconsciously rose to cover my mouth. But, as she looked at me, sincerely waiting for 37 , I realized she was not trying to be rude. “I never think about it,” I truthfully replied. She nodded and turned away. I was left wondering if people 38 me and saw only happy teeth. Later that day at home, I began to 39 my teeth again. I felt upset. I thought my life would be somehow better if my teeth were not happy. How I wanted the perfect teeth that everyone else seemed to have! Of course, Mom 40 everything. She has lived her entire life with happy teeth, and tried to convince me that there was nothing to 41 . When I refused to listen, she told me I could get the surgery to close the gap if it was that important. “Let?s be 42 , though,” she said. “If everyone got surgeries to become pretty, everyone would be exactly the same. There is beauty in differences.” Her 43 made me consider my teeth seriously. the thought of losing my gap was more terrible than the reality that people were going to notice it. I realized how important it was to me. It is part of my 44 . Nowadays many people do ridiculous things to realize their dream of “perfection.” The 45 is that no one is perfect. When all potential for ugliness is removed, so is all of the potential for 46 . So if that girl ever asked about my teeth 47 , I would truthfully answer, “You know? It?s really cute.” 36. A. faced 37. A. an offer 38. A. heard of 39. A. consider 40. A. admitted 41. A. worry about 42. A. friendly 43. A. words 44. A. ability 45. A. possibility 46. A. courage B. guessed B. an answer B. thought of B. brush B. noticed B. put off B. lovely B. jokes B. decision B. purpose B. wisdom C. asked C. a suggestion C. talked about C. cover C. controlled C. give up C. honest C. dreams C. goal C. truth C. kindness D. imagined D. a result D. looked at D. appreciate D. changed D. wipe out D. helpful D. acts D. identity D. choice D. beauty

47. A. once

B. again

C. too

D. instead

Section B (18 marks)
Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Keeping in touch with our friends is an important part of friendship. This does not mean that 48. have to write or call our friends every day. It does mean, however, that we 49. care enough about our friends to find out how they are doing from time to time. People have different habits about keeping in touch with others. Some like to call their friends, sometimes many times 50. a day. Others prefer to e-mail their friends. Still 51. prefer writing letters so that they can include photos or interesting articles 52. the envelopes along with their letters. Some even write postcards while they are on vacation 53. send them to friends. Every kind of communication is important. It is 54. important what kind of call we make or letter we send. 55. is important is that we let others know we care about them.

Part III Reading Comprehension (30 marks)
Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B,C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage. A What makes a gift special? Is it the price you see on the gift receipt? Or is it the look on the recipient?s face when they receive it that determines the true value? What gift is worth the most? This Christmas I was debating what to give my father. My dad is a hard person to buy for because he never wants anything. I pulled out my phone to read a text message from my mom saying that we were leaving for Christmas shopping for him when I came across a message on my phone that I had locked. The message was from my father. My eyes fell on a photo of a flower taken in Wyoming, and underneath a poem by William Blake. The flower, a lone dandelion standing against the bright blue sky, inspired me. My dad had been reciting those words to me since I was a kid. That may even be the reason why I love writing. I decided that those words would be my gift to my father. I called back. I told my mom to go without me and that I already created my gift. I sent the photo of the cream-colored flower to my computer and typed the poem on top of it. As I was arranging the details another poem came to mind. The poem was written by Edgar Allan Poe; my dad recited it as much as he did the other. I typed that out as well and searched online for a background to the words of it. The poem was focused around dreaming, and after searching I found the perfect picture. The image was painted with blues and greens and purples, twisting together to create the theme and wonder of a dream. As I watched both poems passing through the printer, the white paper coloring with words that shaped my childhood, I felt that this was a gift that my father would truly appreciate. Christmas soon arrived. The minute I saw the look on my dad?s face as he unwrapped those swirling black letters carefully placed in a cheap frame, I knew I had given the perfect gift. 56. The idea for a special gift began to form when the author was _________. A. doing shopping B. having a debater C. reading a message D. leaving for Wyoming 57. The author?s inspiration for the gift came from _________. A. a photo of a flower B. a story about a kid

C. a call from the mother D. a text about Christmas 58. The underlined word “it” in Paragraph 3 refers to a poem by _________. A. the father B. the author C. William Blake D. Edgar Allan Poe 59. The author made the gift by _________. A. searching for the poems online B. drawing the background by hand C. painting the letters in three colors D. matching the words with pictures 60. What is the main purpose of the passage? A. To show how to design images for gifts. B. To suggest making gifts from one?s heart. C. To explain how computers help create gifts. D. To describe the gifts the author has received. B Still seeking a destination for your weekend break? There are some places which are probably a mere walk away from your college. King’s Art Centre A day at the Centre could mean a visit to an exhibition of the work of one of the most interesting contemporary artists on show anywhere. This weekend sees the opening of an exhibition of four local artists. You could attend a class teaching you how to ?learn from the masters? or get more creative with paint — free of charge. The Centre also runs two life drawing classes for which there is a small fee. The Botanic Garden The Garden has over 8,000 plant species; it holds the research and teaching collection of living plants for Cambridge University. The multi-branched Torch Aloe here is impressive. The African plant produces red flowers above blue-green leaves, and is not one to miss. Get to the display house to see Dionaea muscipula, a plant more commonly known as the Venus Flytrap that feed on insects and other small animals. The Garden is also a place for wildlife-enthusiasts. Look for grass snakes in the lake. A snake called ?Hissing Sid? is regularly seen lying in the heat of the warm sun. Byron’s Pool Many stories surround Lord Byron?s time as a student of Cambridge University. Arriving in 1805, he wrote a letter complaining that it was a place of “mess and drunkenness”. However, it seems as though Byron did manage to pass the time pleasantly enough. I?m not just talking about the pet bear he kept in his rooms. He spent a great deal of time walking in the village. It is also said that on occasion Byron swam naked by moonlight in the lake, which is now known as Byron?s Pool. A couple of miles past Grantchester in the south Cambridgeshire countryside, the pool is surrounded by beautiful circular paths around the fields. The cries of invisible birds make the trip a lovely experience and on the way home you can drop into the village for afternoon tea. If you don?t trust me, then perhaps you?ll take it from Virginia Woolf — over a century after Byron, she reportedly took a trip to swim in the same pool. 61. As mentioned in the passage, there is a small charge for _________.

A. attending the masters? class B. working with local artists C. learning life drawing D. seeing an exhibition 62. “Torch Aloe” and “Venus Flytrap” are _________. A. common insects B. impressive plants C. rarely-seen snakes D. wildlife-enthusiasts 63. We can infer from the passage that Byron seemed _________. A. to fear pet bears B. to like walking C. to be a heavy drinker D. to finish university in 1805 64. In the passage Byron?s Pool is described as a lake _________. A. surrounded by fields B. owned by Lord Byron C. located in Grantchester D. discovered by Virginia Woolf 65. What is the passage mainly about? A. Some places for weekend break. B. A way to become creative in art. C. The colourful life in the countryside. D. Unknown stories of Cambridge University. C Harvard researchers have created a tough, low-cost, biodegradable (可生物降解的) material inspired by insects? hard outer shells. The material?s inventors say it has a number of possible uses and someday could provide a more environmentally friendly alternative to plastic. The material, made from shrimp (虾) shells and proteins produced from silk, is called “shrilk.” It is thin, clear, flexible and strong. A major benefit of the material is its biodegradability. Plastic?s toughness and flexibility represented a revolution in materials science during the 1950s and ?60s. Decades later, however, plastic?s very durability (耐用 性) is raising questions about how appropriate it is for one-time products such as plastic bags, or short-lived consumer goods, used in the home for a few years and then cast into a landfill where they will degrade for centuries. What is the point of making something that lasts 1,000 years? Shrilk not only will degrade in a landfill, but its basic components are used as fertilizer (肥料), and so will enrich the soil. Shrilk has great potential, the inventors said. Materials from which it is made are plentiful in nature, found in everything ranging from shrimp shells, insect bodies to living plants. That makes shrilk low cost, and its mass production possible should it be used for products demanding a lot of material. Work on shrilk is continuing in the lab. The inventors said the material becomes flexible when wet, so they?re exploring ways to use it in wet environments. They?re also developing simpler production processes, which could be used for non-medical products, like for computer cases and other products inside the home. They?re even exploring combining it with other materials, like carbon fibers, to give it new properties. 66. Paragraph 1 of the passage is mainly about shrilk?s _________. A. remarkable design B. interesting name C. major features D. basic elements 67. What has become a concern about plastic? A. Using it properly. B. Producing it cheaply. C. Developing its properties quickly. D. Evaluating its contributions fairly. 68. According to the inventors, shrilk has great potential partly because _________. A. it can help plastic degrade B. it can be found in living things C. its mass production has been realized D. its raw materials are abundant in nature 69. What are the inventors doing in the lab? A. Replacing carbon fibers with shrilk. B. Testing shrilk?s use in wet conditions. C. Making shrilk out of used household goods. D. Improving shrilk?s flexibility for medical purposes.

70. Which of the following can be the best title for the passage? A. Recent Progress in Environmental Protection B. Benefits of Insects in Scientific Research C. The Harm of One-time Products D. A Possible Alternative to Plastic

Part IV Writing (45 marks)
Section A (10 marks) Directions: Read the following passage. Fill in the numbered blanks by using the information from the passage. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. Since the earliest civilizations, people have controlled rivers to meet society?s demands. Today, rivers are controlled for many reasons, primarily to maintain reliable water supplies for daily, agricultural and industrial needs, for power generation, for navigation (航行), and to prevent flooding. River control is achieved by channelization, a term that covers a range of river engineering works, including widening, deepening, straightening and stabilization of banks, and by the construction of dams. An important period of channelization took place in Europe during the 19th century, when many large rivers were straightened and their beds deepened. One of the most dramatically changed was the Tisza River, a branch of the Danube that flows through Hungary. The controlling of the Tisza, designed to reduce flooding and make land for agriculture, included cutting off more than 100 meanders (河曲), shortening the river?s length by nearly 400 kilometers. One of the most common ways in which people control rivers is by damming them. The past 50 years or so has seen an increase in dam construction worldwide, and at the beginning of the 21st century, there were about 800,000 dams globally, some towering more than 200 meters in height. Despite their successes, many dams also cause significant environmental changes that prove harmful. Some particularly deep reservoirs (水库) can bring about earthquakes due to the stress on their bottom rocks caused by huge volumes of water. Downstream of a reservoir, the river is certainly influenced in many ways:water volume, speed and quality are all affected, leading to changes in the landscape and among plants and animals. to 73 adequate water for: ? daily life, 74 and industry ? power generation ? navigation 75

72

to stop rivers from Title: 71

channelization: ? engineering works: ? widening, 76 and straightening rivers ? 77 riverbanks ? an example:the 78 of the Tisza by nearly 400 km Ways 79 : ? achievements:800,000 dams built ? problems:causing harmful changes

80

Section B (10 marks) Directions: Read the following passage, Answer the questions according to the information given in the passage. A wise teacher once told me that every teenager needs to experience a not-so-fun first job from working at a grocery store to the fast food industry. Now I still remember my first day at a fast food restaurant three years ago. I wanted to save up money and buy my own car, so I applied everywhere I could that summer. The restaurant called me right away and I thought to myself, this is going to be easy. Within four hours of my first shift (轮班), I had angry customers who complained how slow I was. I watched in fear as a kid spilled his milk everywhere, and I heard the words that no 16-year-old boy or anyone for that matter wants to hear:“Mike, there?s a problem in the men?s bathroom and you might want gloves for this one.” I realized right away that working at the restaurant was not going to be a picnic. The manager expected a clean environment and, particularly, fast service with a friendly smile. Over three years later I still work at that restaurant whenever I go home during vacations. I love my co-workers there and all the customers know who I am. Every morning the same senior citizens come in and get their morning coffees. They chat with us workers and joke around. Our smiles have just as much to do with them making us a part of their everyday lives as the coffee does. From my first job at the restaurant, I learned teamwork and devotion. I also learned staying positive no matter how rough things seem to get. I will forever carry the experience that I gained at the restaurant with me as I go forward in my life. 81. Why did the author apply everywhere that summer? (No more than 12 words) (2 marks) ________________________________________________________________________________________ 82. What did the manager particularly expect the workers to do? (No more than 14 words) (3 marks) ________________________________________________________________________________________ 83. Why does the author still work at the restaurant during vacations? (No more than 13 words) (2 marks) ________________________________________________________________________________________ 84. What did the author learn from his first job? (No more than 13 words) (3 marks) ________________________________________________________________________________________

Section C (25 marks)
Directions: Write an English composition according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 生活中,你自己或他人有过物品不慎丢失而又找回的经历,其间有烦恼、有惊喜、有感慨……请就此 写一篇英语短文。 主要内容包括:1)丢失的物品;2)物品失而复得的经过;3)你的感想。

注意: 1.词数不少于 120 个; 2.不能使用真实姓名和学校名称。

2012 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(湖南卷)

英语试题参考答案
听力:1—5 16. 90 19. New Year?s Day ACCBA 6—10 BABCA 11—15 CBCBA 18. Reference 17. month 20. ID card

单选:21—25

CABBC

26—30 CDADB

31—35 AACDD

完型:36—40 48. we 52. in

CBDAB

41—45 ACADC 49. should 53. and

46—47 DB 50. a 54. not 51. others 55. What

阅读:56—60 填空题: 71. River Control 73. supply 75. flooding 77. stabilizing

CADDB

61—65 CBBAA

66—70

CADBD

72. Reasons 74. agriculture 76. deepening 78. shortening 80. the environment

79. dam construction

间答题: 81. He wanted to save up money and buy his own car. 82. The manager particularly expected them to offer fast service with a friendly smile. 83. He loves his co-workers and all the customers know who he is. 84. He learned teamwork, devotion, and staying positive in rough situations. 作文:略


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