2014 高考英语大盘点及答案：人教版新课标选修 7U3 Unit 3 Under the sea
Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. Karl Marx was forced to f his home for political reasons. 2. This is an a account of the terrors of the war. You’d bett
er not read it. 3. The decision was taken for n economic reasons, without considering its social effects. 4. This kind of seafood is p if taken in large q uantities. 5. The air by the sea is p and healthy. 6. Police have appealed for the （证人）to come forward. 7. The travel agent fixed our (住处). 8. They’re both called Smith, but there’s no (血缘关系) between them. 9. He got in at the (浅的) end of the swimming pool. 10. She went to the post office to draw her (退休金). Ⅱ. 用括号内所给单词或短语的适当形式填空 1. anyone (witness) the car accident yesterday? 2. The clouds (reflect) in the lake. Didn’t you see them? 3. (not yell) at me like that. 4. The sailor had (abandon) the sinking ship. 5. They all (flee from) the burning building l ast night. Ⅲ. 同义句转换 1. They celebrate their wedding anniversary once a year. They celebrate their wedding anniversary . 2. We were forced to flee the country. We were forced to safety. 3. The error was due to careless pure and simple. The error was due to carelessness. 4. He was successful in business. He in business. 5. In the accident, many people were killed, but meanwhile there were some who were unhurt. In the accident, many people were killed, but there were some who were unhurt. Ⅳ.单项填空 从 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. The tall buildings are in the lake around which there are many trees. A. reflected B. reflecting C. standing D. stood 2. No one can prevent the plan . A. from carrying out B. to be carried out C. being carried out D. to carry out 3. What you said me to death. A. scared B. were scared
C. was scared D. surprised 4. The meeting will begin in an hour; , let’s have a rest. A. on the meantime B. in the meantimes C. in the meantime D. in meanwhile 5. When the war began, the Jewish had to the country. A. yell B. scan C. set D. flee 6. In the fire, all the people in the building were ahead of time when the building fell down. A. helping out B. helped out C. helping D. to be helped 7. They had to the building project because of the sand storm. A. stop from B. abandon C. prevent from D. start 8. Only then did he the effects of his action. A. aware B. aware of C. become aware D. become aware of 9. Esme’s website, and you’ll get a list of children’s books for different age groups. A.Visiting B.to visit C.Visit D. Having visited 10. I have to go to work by taxi because my car at the garage. A. will be repaired B. is repaired C. is being repaired D. has been repaired Ⅴ. 阅读理解 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项。 A bad Working Memory ( 大脑的工作记忆)-the brain’s temporary storage box-may explain, new research suggests, why one child cannot read his or her history book and another gets lost in math. As many as 10 percent of school-age children may suffer from poor working memory. British researchers said in a report last week, yet the problem is rarely identified. “You can think of working memory as a pure measure of your child ? s potential. Many psychologists consider working memory to be the new IQ (智商), because we find that working memory is one of the most important predictors (预示物) of learning ability,” said Dr. Tracey Alloway of Britain’s Durham University. Many children with poor working memory are considered lazy or dull. Working memory allows people to hold in their minds and deal with a few items, such as telephone numbers, over a short period of time. Alloway compares working memory to a b ox. For adults, the basic box size is thought to be three to five items. It’s important, therefore, to put in the right things. Irrelevant (不相关的) information will clutter working memory. The question many researchers are struggling with is how to help children with this problem, which appears to be closely, related to a lack of attention. “In children with learning difficulties, it becomes a huge issue, especially around middle school, when the demands on working memory really grow,” said Dr. Mel Levine, co-founder of All Kinds of Minds, a nonprofit organization in North Carolina that studies learning difficulties.
Memory training may help improve working memory. Alloway has a tool that allows teachers to assess(评定) the working ? memory capacity of children as young as 4; it has been used in 35 schools across Britain. Levine’s organization trains teachers through a program called Schools Attuned, which is working with several thousand schools across the United States, Canada and Europe. While he is not sure working memory can be expanded, Levine said children can be taught ways to do better in school. 1. Which of the following is a characteristic of working memory? A. It has a limited capacity. B. It is usually better in children than adults. C. It improves with use. D. It can cause a lack of attention. 2. According to the new research, . A. the importance of working memory has been long recognized B. working memory is becoming recognized as a factor in intelligence C. laziness can weaken working memory D. working memory helps people remember things forever 3. What does the underlined word “clutter” in the third paragraph probably mean? A. Change. B. Improve. C. Strengthen. D. Confuse. 4. Which of the following may help improve a child’s working memory? A. Expanding the brain’s storage box. B. Training the memory. C. Remembering more things. D. Being reminded frequently. 5. According to the passage, Dr. Mel Levine has . A. invented tools to help improve a child’s working memory B. founded an organization to train teachers to help students with this problem C. identified the problem clearly D. compared working memory to a box Ⅵ. 短文改错 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断：如无错误，在该行右边横 线上画一个勾(√)；如有错误(每行只有一个错误)，则按下列情况改正： 此行多一个词：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉，在该行右边横线上写出该词，并也用斜线划掉。 此行缺一个词：在缺词处加一个漏字符 号(∧)，在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 此行错一个词：在错的词下划一横线，在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意：原行没有错的不要改。 Dear Abby, How are you? Today I’ve got a wonderful news to tell you. 1. I have offered a scholarship at a university in Australia for my 2. further education. One hundred and twenty students took exam 3. for it, but only a few was chosen and I was one of them. However, 4. my parents are not happy about it. They are strong against me 5. going there. They say it is too far away that they will not see me 6.
for a whole year and they are afraid of I will feel lonely. They 7. can't imagine a girl so young live alone. They advise me to study 8. in the capital instead. Then I’ll be able to continue living with 9. them. How can I persuade them to accept the fact I have grown up? 10. Best wishes! Jane
Ⅳ.单项填空 1. 解析：选 A。reflect 在这里表示“倒映”的意思，building 与 reflect 之间呈被动关系。 2. 解析：选 C。plan 与 carry out 之间是被动关系。prevent ...from 为固定搭配，在主动 语态中 from 可以省略。 3. 解析：选 A。scare sb. to death 为固定搭配，意为“吓得要死” 。 4. 解析：选 C。in the meantime 为固定搭配，意为“同时” 。 5. 解析：选 D。句意为：战争爆发后，犹太人逃离自己的国家。根据句意，选 D。flee 逃； 逃走。 6. 解析：选 B。句意表示“大楼里所有的人都被解救出来” ，因此用被动语态。 7. 解析：选 B。句意表示“他们不得不放弃建设工程” ，因此用 abandon 放弃，中止。 8. 解析：选 D。be / become aware of 为固定搭配，意为“知道；明白” 。 9. 解析：选 C。考查“祈使句+and+陈述句”的结构。 10. 解析：选 C。句意表示“汽车正在被修理” ，因此运用现在进行时的被动语态。 Ⅴ. 阅读理解 1. 解析：选 A。细节理解题。根据第三段中的“Alloway compares working memory to a box. For adults, the basic box size is thought to be three to five items”可知，人的“工 作记忆”就像一个盒子，它的容量是有限的。 2. 解析：选 B。推理判断题。根据第二段的“Many psychologists consider working memory to be the new IQ, because we find that working memory is one of the most important predictors of learning ability”可知，很多心理学家认为 working memory 是一种新的智 商，因为研究者发现 working memory 是衡量一个人学习能力的最重要的指标之一，因此可以 把它看作是预测孩子智力的一个重要因素。
3. 解析：选 D。猜测词义题。根据第三段可知,人的 working memory 是有限的，因此要去记 那些重要的信息，不相关的信息只会使记忆 更加混乱，所以选 D。 4. 解析：选 B。细节理解题。根据倒数第二段第一句“Memory training may help improve working memory”可知,进行记忆训练会有助于改善“工作记忆” ，因此 B 项正确。 5. 解析： B。 选 细节理解题。 根据最后一段第一句 “Levine’s organization trains teachers through a program called Schools Attuned”可知，Levine 成立一个组织，这个组织培训 老师，然后让老师们帮助学生改善“工作记忆” 。 Ⅵ. 短文改错 1. 去掉 a 2. have 后加 been 3. exam→exams 4. 第一个 was→were 5. strong→strongly 6. too→so 7. 去掉 of 8. live→liv ing 9. √ 10. fact 后加 that