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高二英语u3 lp1


offend (vt.): to make sb upset or angry 冒犯,激怒; 使…不愉快
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offend sb. 触怒,冒犯某人
如果你不按时出席会议,你将冒犯总统。 If you don`t attend the meeting/conference on time/schedule, you will offend

the president.

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sb be ~ed by/at/with sth/sb.
每个人都被他的话激怒了。 Everyone was offended by his words. She was a bit offended that her husband hadn`t follow her instructions. 丈夫没有遵照她的指示,她感到不愉快。

offend (vi.)
offend against: 触法、违反 offend against the laws 违法 ? n.冒犯, 犯罪: offence=offense take ~ 生气 ? adj. 无礼的;冒犯性的: offensive behavior/behaviour
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sb. had better do sth. = may/might as well do sth
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你最好充分利用你与生俱来的天赋。 You`d better make full use of your born gift.
I think you`d better devote yourself to you realizing your dreams, hadn`t _____ _____? or Better stay where you are, _____you’ll be punished.

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疑问词+(n.)+不定式 做宾语
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你应该清楚地知道何时何地执行这项调查。 You should clearly when and where to carry the know________________________________ survey/research/study out _____________________________________.

avoid vt. :to miss or keep away from 避免;避开
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+n.

如果你足够仔细的话,许多错误就可以避免了。 If you are careful enough, many mistakes can be avoided. If you aren’t sure of the meaning of the word, avoid using it.
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doing sth (gerund)

Many illnesses are avoidable.

avoidable adj. 可避免的

imagine vt.: form a picture in your mind 想象
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sth/doing sth./that从句

你能想象你获得成功时的情形吗? ? Can you imagine the situation when you achieve success? + 名词 ? I could not imagine there ____ so many products in the supermarket. A. to be B was C. are D being ? Just imagine that you had the power to change one thing in the world. What would it be?

imagine vt
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imagination n. 想象力 Jobs was a man of imagination. imaginable imaginary

imaginative
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The ___________ child made the wonderful equipment. ? The story is not real, it is only ________. ? The approach to this problem is ________.

call out 大声喊叫
? 对某人大声喊叫:

call out at sb
? call

back Call back as soon as you arrive at home.
回电话;回想

Once the producers find the low-quality products, they will call them back.
召回; 撤销

? Call

off the sports meeting if it rains.
取消 = cancel

prefer v.: to choose one thing rather than another更喜欢, 宁愿
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preferred, preferred, preferring 比起B来更喜欢A
prefer A. to B.

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比起做B更喜欢做A
prefer doing A. to doing B.

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比起做B宁可做A(prefer, rather)
prefer to do A. ( rather than do B.)

他说比起城市生活他更喜欢乡村生活。
He said he preferred the country/rural life to city/urban life.

假期里,他喜欢读小说,不想看电视。

On holidays, he prefers reading novels to watching TV.

白领们宁可到外面吃饭也不愿自己做饭。 White collar workers prefer to eat out rather than cook by themselves.

prefer v.
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preference n.偏爱;优先权 我对蓝色有着偏爱。 I have a preference for blue.

Blue is my preferred color. ? adj. 偏爱的,优先的
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