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【志鸿优化设计】2014届高考英语一轮复习 Module4 GreatScientists教学案 外研版必修4


Module 4

Great Scientists

1.____________ n.动物学→____________ n.动物园 2.____________ adj.主要的→____________ vt.领导;带领 3.____________ n.农业→____________ adj.农业的 4.____________ ad

j.原来的;最初的→____________ n.起点;开端 5.____________ vt.出口→____________ vt.进口 6.____________ n.数量→____________ n.质量 7.____________ adj.简短的;简洁的→____________ adv.简短地;简洁地 8.____________ adj.身体的;物理的→____________ n.物理(学) 9.____________ vi.毕业→____________ n.毕业 10.____________ adj.个人的→____________ n.人 1.__________(农业)plays a very important part in the world. 2.All the ____________(受害者)were rushed to hospitals immediately after the accident. 3.According to China's 12th Five?Year Plan,improving food ____________(质 量)and ensuring food safety will continue to be a major focus. 4.I'll give a ____________(简短的)introduct ion before the meeting. 5.102 prisoners ____________(逃脱)from a prison in Tikrit,Iraq on Thursday. 6.When the boiler ____________(爆炸)many people were injured. 7.She ____________(支持)her husband through many difficult times. 8.____________(个人的)cleanliness is important to health as well as to appearance. 9.The Indians were the ____________(最初的)inhabitants of North America. 10.They have made a major ____________(突破)in cancer research. 1.____________ 2.____________ 3.____________ 4.____________ 5.____________ 6.____________ 7.____________ 培养;养育 带进;引进;挣得 由于??的结果,因为 谋生 掌权;执政 沿笔直的方向 目前;现在

1.He thought that the key to feeding people was ____________ more rice and to produce it more quickly. 他认为,解决人们吃饭问题的关键在于拥有更多的稻米,并且能更快地生产出来。 句型提炼:the key to doing sth.做某事的关键,这里的 to 是介词。 2.The tubes were attached to a long stick which helped ________________ in a straight direction. 这些管子被系到一根长棍上,这根长棍可以帮助火箭笔直地运行。 句型提炼:该句使用了“keep+宾语+补语”结构,其中补语可由形容词、分词、介词 短语、名词等充当。

1.quantity n. 量,数量 用法拓展 in quantity 大量地

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a large/small quantity of 大/少量的 quantities of 大量;许多 ①There is a small quantity of water left in the bottle.瓶子里还剩下少量的水。 ②She has quantities of good clothes.她有许多好衣服。 温馨提示 a quantity of 和 quantities of 后既可接可数名词复数, 也可接不可数名词; “a quantity of+名词”作主语时,谓语动词与名词保持数的一致;而“quantities of +名词”作主语时,谓语动词与 quantities 保持数的一致。 反馈 1.1 Quantities of arms______ discovered______in the trucks. A.were;hiding B.were;hidden C.was;hiding D.was;hidden 反馈 1.2 As a result of the earthquake,a large ______ of earth ______ blocked several rivers there. A.number;has B.quantity;has C.number;have D.quantity;have 2.escape vi. & vt. 逃脱;逃跑 The fox escaped the hunter.狐狸躲开了猎人。 用法拓展 escape(doing)sth.逃脱(做)?? escape from(out of)... 从??逃脱;逃离?? escape from reality 逃避现实 ①I can't escape meeting him,for we are workmates. 我们是同事,我无法避开他。 ②None of the criminals escaped being punished. 没有一个罪犯能逃过惩罚。 ③He escaped from prison.他越狱了。 反馈 2.1 In the accident,he w as lucky to escape ______. A.killing B.to be killed C.killed D.being killed 反馈 2.2(2013 江西安福中学一模,26)A woman was seriously injured and a neighboring family narrowly escaped ______ by an explosion that destroyed a row of homes. A.blowing up B.to be blown up C.being blown up D.blown up 3.bring in 请来;引进;赚钱;收割(庄稼) ①They've brought in experts to advise the Government. 他们已请来专家担当政府顾问。 ②They have brought in some advanced equipment. 他们已引进了一些先进设备。 用法拓展 bring on 导致;促使 bring about 引起;导致 bring out 阐释;出版(书籍等) bring back 归还;使记起;使恢复 bring up 教育;养育;提出;呕吐 bring down 使落下 He was out all day in the rain yesterday and this brought on/about a bad cold. 他昨天一整天都在外面淋雨,因此患了重感冒。 反馈 3.1 Our business will ______ profit ______ we have enough equipment of high quality. A.bring in;as long as B.bring out;if only
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C.bring up;unless D.bring about;in order that 反馈 3.2 George wants to manage a challenging project and ______ the latest technology that will benefit the c ompany. A.bring about B.bring in C.bring up D.bring out 4.come into/to power 掌权;执政;当权;上台 ①The new president came into power last month. 新总统上个月开始执政。 ②As soon as their party came into power they changed the law. 他们的党派一上台,他们就开始修改法律。 用法拓展 in power 当权 take power 当权;执政 have/hold power over st h.对??有控制权 beyond one's power 超出权限;力所不能及的 put...into power 使??执政/上台 lose power 失去权力 反 馈 4.1 If they ______ , they would change the whole system of the local government. A.come to power B.came to power C.are in power D.have been in power 反馈 4.2 —Can I get the house cheaper? —Sorry,it's ______ my power to sell it any cheaper. A.without B.except C.beyond D.out 5.The tubes were attached to a long stick which helped keep_the_rocket_moving in a straight direction. 这些管子被系到一根长棍上,这根长棍可以帮助火箭笔直地运行。 keep 意为“保持;维持;继续”,后面可接复合宾语,其中的补语可由形容词、分词、 介词短语、名词等充当。 ①You must keep the room clean.你们必须使房间保持干净 。 ②Even if I have to sell my house,I'll keep my business going. 即使要卖掉我的房子,我也要继续我的事业。 ③Please remain seated and keep your seat belts fastened. 请坐好并系好安全带。 ④Keep chemicals and instruments in order. 把化学药品和仪器放好。 ⑤We must keep it a secret that she was once a thief. 她曾经是个小偷,这点我们必须保密。 反馈 5.1 Please keep us ______ of any change of address as soon as possible. A.informing B.informed C.being informed D.to inform 反馈 5.2 I'm so ______ that I can hard l y keep my eyes ______. A.asleep;open B.sleeping;opening C.sleepy;open D.sleepy;opened
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参考答案 基础梳理整合 词汇拓展 1.zoology;zoo 2.leading;lead 3.a griculture;agricultural 4.original; origin 5.export;import 6.quantity;quality 7.brief;briefly 8.physical; physics 9.graduate;graduation 10.personal;person 语境记词 1.Agriculture 2.victims 3.quality 4.brief 5.escaped 6.exploded 7.supported 8.Personal 9.original 10.breakthrough 短语回顾 1.bring up 2.bring in 3.as a result of 4.make/earn/get a(one's)living 5.come to/into power 6.in a straight direction 7.at present 典句分析 1.to have 2.keep the rocket moving 考点归纳拓展 1.1 B 句意:发现了大量武器藏在卡车上。quantities of 短语作主语时,谓语应用 复数;hidden in the trucks 为过去分词短语作主语补足语,表示被动。 1.2 B a number of 只修饰可数名词复数形式, earth 是不可数名词 , 而 故用 a quantity of 修饰,后面的谓语也应用单数形式,故选 B 项。 2.1 D escape 后面接动词形式时,必须以动名词作宾语,可排除 B、C 项;根据逻辑 关系判断,此处应表达被动意义,所以答案为 D 项。 2.2 C blow up 意为“爆炸;炸毁”。escape 后面应接动名词形式作宾语,而且 a neighboring family 与 blow up 为被动关系,所以答案为 C 项。 3.1 A bring in 意为“带来; 赚钱; 引进”; bring out 意为“阐释; (书籍等) 出版 ”; bring up 意为“教育;养育;提出;呕吐”;bring about 意为“引起;导致”。由此可知 第一个空应用 bring in,第二个空用 as long as 引导条件状语从句。 3.2 B 考查动词词组辨析。句意:“乔治想经营一个富有挑战性的项目,引进最新的 技术,给公司带来效益。”bring about “引起,导致”;bring in “带来,引进”;bring up “抚养,呕吐”;bring out “拿出,取出;出产,出版”。 4.1 B come to power 意为“上台;执政”。分析句子可知该句应用虚拟语气,条件 从句用一般过去时。 4.2 C beyond one's power 为固定短语,意为“力所不能及;超出权力范围”。 5.1 B 该句用的是“keep+宾语+补语”结构,inform 与宾语 us 为动宾关系,故用 过去分词作补语。 5.2 C asleep 意为“睡着的;睡熟的”,sleepy 意为“困乏的;欲睡的”,根据句意 可知第一个空填 sleepy;第二个空用形容词作补语表示状态,而不用过去分词。 【思路拓展】英语中作补语时首选的是形容词,所以该题第二个空应选 open 而不选 opened。如果是 close 作补语,则用其过去分词形式表示被动。

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