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高一英语必修一


1、词汇

高一英语材料 (M1 unit4)

A、单词拼写(根据句意及所给首字母或汉语提示写出下列单词) 1. The thief is ____________ (颤抖) with fear when he is being questioned by the policeman. 2. The soldiers are trying

to help rescue the ____________ (幸存者) after the earthquake. 3.Two –thirds of the people died or ___________(受伤) in the earthquake. 4. Life would be very difficult without ______________(电) . 5.The whole city lay in ____________ (废墟) after the earthquake. 6. The soldiers built s____________ for those homeless people. 7. Every year natural’s d___________ can cause heavy loss to the world. 8. Most of the buildings were completely d ____________in the earthquake. 9. It’s a great h___________ for the scientist to give a speech to the students. 10. As we all know, Italy is a _____________ (欧洲)country. B、单词释义 (从四个选项中选出与提干中斜体词意思相同的单词) 1. People were sleeping soundly when the earthquake suddenly happened. A. appeared B. took the place C. came out D. broke out 2. Most people thought little of these strange phenomena (现象), they just went to bed as usual. A. didn’t like B. didn’t pay much attention to C. never noticed D. were interested in 3. The terrible earthquake ruined the whole city, which caused a heavy loss to the local people. A. injured B. hurt C. destroyed D. buried 4. He was very surprised to find all his money gone. A. leaving B. missing D. losing D. flying 5. Such a great number of people died because the quake happened while they were sleeping. A. So many B. Such many C. Such lots of D. So much 6. Many shelters were put up for the homeless people. A. set up B. taken up C. sat up D. built up 7. The strange noise woke up all the people who were asleep. A. sleeping people B. people were sleeping C. slept people D. asleep people 8. Workers built shelters for survivors, whose homes had been destroyed. A. their homes B. the homes of them C. the homes of theirs D. the homes of whom 9. I asked a man standing next to me what happened, but he made no answer. A. who stood beside me B. who is standing beside me C. stood beside me D. who stood towards me 10. The cyclists hope to raise money to help thousands of blind children in Tibet. A. pay B. collect C. save D. rise C、配对题 ( ) 1.a very long water way for boats a. nervous ( ) 2.get ready b. canal ( ) 3.people who remain alive c. injure ( ) 4. put sth. under the earth d. rise ( ) 5.go up e. pipe ( ) 6.help to get someone out of danger f. prepare ( ) 7.worried or frightened g. well ( ) 8.hurt h. rescue ( ) 9.a deep place to store water to drink i. survivor
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( ) 10.a thin metal piece that carries water j. bury D、根据句意用所给词的适当形式填空 1. The room is very __________ (smell). Someone must be smoking here. 2. As is known to all, earthquakes are _________(nature) disasters which can cause great damage to human beings. 3. _________(late) that afternoon, another earthquake shook the city. 4. With the help of the soldiers, the damaged city began to __________ (breath) again. 5. It was a ___________(frighten) night because of the terrible earthquake. 6._____________(congratulate) on your success. We are all proud of you. 7. I saw many ____________(frighten) cows rush up the street. 8. You can write to get more information if you are __________(interest ) in this activity. 9. The meeting to be held tomorrow is of great ____________(important). 10. The government has to build more building to house all the __________ (home) people. E、用适当的介词或副词填空 1. The next morning people put up shelters ____ the open air ______ all kinds of things which they can find. 2. We invite you to bring your family and friends ______ that special day. 3. The city Tang Shan is well known ______ the ―Brave City of China‖. We are all proud _____ it. 4. Thank you so much ______ helping me ________ my spoken English. 5. The whole city laid _______ruins after the bombing. The number of the injured and dead reached ________ 40000. 6._______ the north of the city, most of the 10000 miners were rescued _______ the coal mines. 7. It seemed that the whole world was _______an end. 8. Two –thirds of the people died or were injured _______the earthquake. Many children were left ________parents. 9. People went to bed _______ usual. They thought little ________ these events. 10. Nothing can stop the soldiers ________ rescuing the people trapped ________ the ruins. F. 用所给动词和短语的正确形式填空 wake up put up in ruins honour destroy be proud of rescue give out organize prepare

1. A terrible earthquake hit the city and in a few seconds the whole city lay __ _____. 2. A group of doctors and nurses _____________ to the flooded area to help those in trouble. 3. The newly-built house was completely ___________ by the big fire. 4. The policeman tried his best to ____________the boy who fell into the river. 5. The whole class _____________ the boy student who won the first prize in the English Contest. 6. The children were busy ____________ a tent and it would be completed before dark. 7. So far all the students have been well ______________ for the coming examination. 8. The monument (纪念碑) was set up to ____________ those who died in the terrible disaster. 9. The monitor helped the teacher ____________ the graded test papers. 10. The terrible shaking of the building ____________ all the people who were sleeping.

2、单项选择
1.—Shall I help you with that suitcase? —________. A. It’s all right, thanks
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B. Yes, go ahead please

C. I don’t want to trouble you too much D. No. please don’t do it 2. —You’ve given us a wonderful Chinese dinner Mrs. Wang. —______ A. Oh, I’m afraid I didn’t cook very well B. I’m glad you enjoyed it C. Come again when you are free D. It’s not necessary for you to say so —Do you mind if I keep pets in this building? —_____. A. I’d rather you didn’t, actually B. Of course not, it’s not allowed here C. Great! I love pets D. No, you can’t —I don’t have any change with me .Will you pay the fare for me ? —_______. A. That’s all right. B.I don’t believe you. C. How dare you say that? D. Sorry, but that’s no excuse. 5. ---Good morning, Grand Hotel. ---Hello, I’d like to book a room for the nights of the 18th and 19th. ---_________ A. What can I do for you? B. Just a minute, please. C. What’s the matter? C. At your service. 6. —You haven’t said a word about my new coat, Brenda. Do you like it? — I’m sorry I ________anything about it sooner. I certainly think it’s pretty on you. A. wasn’ t saying B. don’t say C. won’t say D. didn’ t say 7. —Go for a picnic this weekend, OK? —______.I love getting close to nature. A. I couldn’t agree more B. I’m afraid not C. I believe not D. I don’t think so 8. — I just heard that the tickets for tonight’s show have been sold out. —Oh, no!__________. A. I was looking forward to that B. It doesn’t matter C. I knew it already D. It’s not at all interesting 9. —I’m taking my driving test tomorrow. —________! A. Cheers B. Good luck C. Come on D. Congratulations 10. —Will you be able to finish the job this week? —_____________, but I’m not skilled enough, you know. A. I can’t say so B. I expect so C. I’m sure so D. I don’t know so 11. George Orwell, _____ was Eric Arthur, wrote many political novels and essays. A. the real name B. what his real name C. his real name D. whose real name 12. We were put in a position _____ we had to either attack the law in a way _____ was peaceful or answer violence with violence. A. in which; that B. when; which C. where; in which D. where; 不填 13. _______ man must fear when traveling in space is radiation (辐射) from the sun. A. which B. How C. What D. That 14. --What’s that unpleasant noise? ---Oh, the road before the main gate _________. A. is repairing B. is being repaired C. is repaired D. has been repaired
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15. ______ two exams to worry about, I have to work really hard this weekend. A. With B. Besides C. As for D. Because of 16. Though he failed many times in election, he never lost _____ heart and at last he was elected _____ president of the USA. A. the; a B. a; the C. his; the D. /;/ 17. I have done much of the work. Could you please finish ________ in two days? A. the rest B. the other C. another D. the others 18. _______ I can see, there is only one possible way to keep away from the danger. A. As long as B. As far as C. Just as D. Even if 19.---What would you do if it_____ tomorrow? ---We have to carry it on, since we’ve got everything ready. A. rain B. rains C. will rain D. is raining 20.All of us insisted _____ out the plan at once. A. to carry B. to carrying C. on carrying D. carrying 21. The bike _______ has gone wrong. A.I bought it last week B. which I bought it last week C.I bought last week D. what I bought last week 22. I will tell you ________ he told me last week. A. all which B. everything all C. that all D. all that 23. A child _______ parents died is called an orphan. A. who B. who’s C. whose D. what 24. Please pass me the dictionary _______ cover is blue. A. which B. of which C. what D. whose 25. Is this factory _______some foreigners visited last year? A. where B. which C. the one D. at which 26. Let’s send our congratulations to him _______winning the Nobel Prize. A. for B. to C. on D. with 27. —How many students are there in your school? —There're 2000 students here_________. A. first of all B. after all C.in all D.at all 28. Nobody noticed the thief slip into the house because the lights happened to__________. A. be put up B. burst C. be turned on D. go out 29. They _____ him not to do that, but he wouldn’t listen. A. advised B. made C. persuaded D. suggested 30. Several pages were found ______ when the book ______ me. A. missing; returned B. lost; was returned C. gone; was returned to D. disappeare; was returned to 31. Was it in the restaurant _____ we had dinner last Saturday _____ you left your wallet? A. where; where B. where; that C. that; where D. that; that 32. Some people often write about their travels in _____ is called a travel journal. A. where B. which C. what D. there 33.Only after I had given him three phone calls _____ the invitation to my birthday party. A. had he received B. did he accept C. he did accept D. he agreed to

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三、Language study (语言学习) 1、词汇 A、单词拼写 1.shaking 2. survivors 3. injured 4 . electricity 5. ruins 6. shelters 7. disasters 8. destroyed 9. honour 10. European B、单词释义 1. 选 D。happen 意为―发生‖,与 break out 同义,都为不及物动词。 2. 选 B。think little of 意为―考虑得少‖―很少去思考或注意‖,所选项 B 符合此 意思。 3. 选 C。ruin 用作动词,意为―毁坏‖,与 destroy 同义。 4. 选 B。gone 用作形容词,意为―失去的‖―不存在的‖,与 missing 意思相同。 5. 选 A。a great number of 用来修饰可数名词,意为―许多‖,与 so many 意思 相同。 6. 选 A。 根据句子意思, 此处的 put up 应该是―建造‖―建起‖的意思, 所以与 set up 同义。 7. 选 A。sleeping 为现在分词作定语,与的面的 people 有主谓关系。 8. 选 D。 9. 选 A。next to 与 beside 意思相同,意为―在旁边‖。 10. 选 B。raise 在此表示―募集‖的意思,相当于 collect。 C、词义匹配 1. b 2. f 3. I 4. j 5. d 6. h 7. a 8. c 9. g 10. e D、词性转换 1. smelly 2.natural 3.Later 4.breathe 5.frightening 6.Congratulations 7. frightened 8.interested 9.importance 10.homeless E、用适当的介词或副词填空 1. 填 in; with。 2. 填 on。 3. 填 as; of。 4. 填 for; with。 5. 填 in;over。 6. 填 To; from。7. 填 at。 8. 填 during; without。 9. 填 as; of。10. 填 from; under。 F、用动词和短语的正确形式填空 1. 填 in ruins。lay in ruins 的意思是―夷为平地‖。 2. 填 were organized。被动语态,表示―被组织‖。 3. 填 destroyed。be completely destroyed 的意思是:被彻底摧毁。 4. 填 rescue。rescue 表示―抢救‖。 5. 填 are proud of。be proud of …表示―对…因以自豪‖。 6. 填 putting up。put up a tent 的意思是:搭帐篷。 7. 填 prepared。be well prepared for…表示―为…做好了充分的准备‖。 8. 填 honour。 honour 在这里用作动词,表示―纪念;敬仰‖。 9. 填 give out。 give out the graded test papers 的意思是: 分发批改过的试卷。 10. 填 woke up。wake somebody up 表示―把某人叫醒‖。 B、情景交际 1. 选 A。上句是提出帮助,当接受别人的帮助时,要用 Thanks 来表示谢意。 2. 选 B。 当别人赞美你所做的一切时, 按英语的习惯就用表示高兴的语言来回 答别人的赞美。 3. 选 A。以 do you mind …引起的问句,如果表示不介意,常用 of course not
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等来回答,此处表示很介意,所以用 I’d rather you didn’t, actually 来表示一 种婉转的反对。 4. 选 D。没有零钱并不让别人为你付款的理由或借口。 5. 选 B。 这是一则打电话预订房间的对话, 因忙或查阅什么, 常用 Just a minute, please 来回答对方,意为―等一下‖。 6. 选 D。从上文可知,是在问 Brenda 有没有对衣服作评论,因这事应该发生 在过去,所以用 didn’t say 符合情景。 7. 选 A。I couldn’t agree more 在此表示―我非常同意‖的意思。 8. 选 A。look forward to 意为―期待‖―期盼‖。 9. 选 B。Good luck 常用来对某人表示祝福。 10. 选 B。上句是在问能否在本周内做完工作,那么根据下文中后半句可知, 因技术不够熟练,但期盼着能在本周内完成工作。 11. 选 D。本题考查定语从句中关系代词 whose 的用法。根据句子结构及句意可 知此空应填―关系词+real name‖引导非限制性定语从句。 12. 选 A。 13. 选 C。what 是连接代词,意思是:the thing that…, 引导一个主语从句。 14. 选 B。is being repaired 是现在进行时的被动语态。 15. 选 A。 该题是考查―with+宾语+宾语补足语‖用法。 此句中 two exams 为宾语, 不定式 to worry about 为宾语补足语。 16. 选 D。 17. 选 A。本题旨在考查学生对代词的辨析和运用能力。the rest (剩余的,其 它的) ,既可以指代可数名词的复数又可以指代不可数名词;而 the others 只能 指代可数名词的复数。 18. 选 B。此题主要考查状语从句中连词的用法。此句中关键词 only 表示:就 I 的认识程度而言,避开危险的可能只有唯一的办法。as long as 表"只要"、even if 表"即使、甚至"、just as 用于引出事实共享原因。均与题意不符合。 19. 选 B。在条件和时间状语从句中,通常用一般现在时表示一个将来的动作。 20. 选 C。 21. 选 C。I bought last week 是定语从句,修饰先行词 bike, 定语从句中省略了充 当宾语的关系代词 that/which。 22. 选 D。all 作为先行词被定语从句修饰时,只能用 that。 23. 选 C。whose 引导一个定语从句,它在定语从句中相当于一个形容词用作定 语。 24. 选 D。whose 引导一个定语从句,它在定语从句中用作定语。 25. 选 C。the one 在句中是先行词,some foreigners visited last week 是定语从 句,修饰 the one。 26. 选 C。send one’s congratulations to sb.on…表示―因为…向某人祝贺‖。 27. 选 C。in all 的意思是―总共‖,first of all 的意思是―首先‖。 after all 表示―毕 竟‖。 28. 选 D。go out 在这里是一个不及物动词短语,表示―灯灭‖。 29. 选 A。 30. 选 C。整句的意思是:当这本书还给我的时候,有几页发现不见了。missing 用作形容词在句中是主语补足语。 31.B 32.C 33B
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高一英语补短材料 3 答案 1、A、单词拼写 1.shaking 2. survivors 3. injured 4 . electricity 5. ruins 6. shelters 7. disasters 8. destroyed 9. honour 10. European B、单词释义 1. D。2. B。3. C。4. B。5. A。6. A。 7. A。8. D。9. A。10. B。 C、词义匹配 1. b 2. f 3. I 4. j 5. d 6. h 7. a 8. c 9. g 10. e D、词性转换 1. smelly 2.natural 3.Later 4.breathe 5.frightening 6.Congratulations 7. frightened 8.interested 9.importance 10.homeless E、用适当的介词或副词填空 1. in; with 2. on 3. as; of 4. for; with 5. in;over 6. To; from。 7. at。 8. during; without。 9. as; of。 10. from; under/in F、用动词和短语的正确形式填空 1. in ruins。 2. were organized。 3. destroyed 4. rescue 5. are proud of。 6. putting up。 7. prepared。8. honour。 9. give out。 10. woke up。 2.选择题 1. A。 2. B。 3. A。 4. D。 5. B。 6. D。 7. A。 8. A。 9. B。10. B。 11. D。12. A 13. C。14. B。15. A。16. D。17. A。18. B。19. B。20. C。21. C。 22. D。 23. C。 24. D。 25. C。 26. C。 27. C。 28. D。 29. A。 30. C。 31.B 32.C 33.B

高一英语补短材料 3 答案 1、A、单词拼写 1.shaking 2. survivors 3. injured 4 . electricity 5. ruins 6. shelters 7. disasters 8. destroyed 9. honour 10. European B、单词释义 1. D。2. B。3. C。4. B。5. A。6. A。 7. A。8. D。9. A。10. B。 C、词义匹配 1. b 2. f 3. I 4. j 5. d 6. h 7. a 8. c 9. g 10. e D、词性转换 1. smelly 2.natural 3.Later 4.breathe 5.frightening 6.Congratulations 7. frightened 8.interested 9.importance 10.homeless E、用适当的介词或副词填空 1. in; with 2. on 3. as; of 4. for; with 5. in;over 6. To; from。 7. at。 8. during; without。 9. as; of。 10. from; under/in F、用动词和短语的正确形式填空 1. in ruins。 2. were organized。 3. destroyed 4. rescue 5. are proud of。 6. putting up。 7. prepared。8. honour。 9. give out。 10. woke up。 2.选择题 1. A。 2. B。 3. A。 4. D。 5. B。 6. D。 7. A。 8. A。 9. B。10. B。 11. D。12. A 13. C。14. B。15. A。16. D。17. A。18. B。19. B。20. C。21. C。 22. D。 23. C。 24. D。 25. C。 26. C。 27. C。 28. D。 29. A。 30. C。 31.B 32.C 33.B

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