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甘肃省部分普通中学2016高考英语 学能培优特训试题(二十三)


学能培优特训试题(二十三)
注意:本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。满分120分。考试时间100分钟。 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分:阅读理解( 共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A A beer bottle thrown from the stands landed near Usain Bolt in the moments before the 100-meter final Sunday night in London. As Bolt and seven other competitors ducked into their starting crouches, a bottle sailed from the first row of the stands at Olympic Stadium. It harmlessly bounced in the lane belonging to Yohan Blake and didn’t appear to cause a distraction(分心) to the runners, who started a moment later. The thrower’s lack of distance was a blessing. Had he gathered tips from the competitors of the hammer throw(链球) competition, which was taking place in the infield at the same time as the 100 final, the bottle could have hit one of the competitors. It ended up landing a few feet from Blake (lane5). Edith Bosch, a female Dutch judoka who won a bronze medal earlier during the Olympics, claimed that the man who threw the bottle was sitting near her and that she “beat” him. Whether that’s true or the hyperbole (夸张的语句) of an aggravated athlete was unclear in the minutes after the incident. Pictures show a group of Dutch athletes sitting behind the starting area. Police took the man into custody(监护). He will appear in court on Monday morning. Neither Bolt nor Blake said they knew of the incident until they were informed by reporters. “I don’t know who would have done that,” Bolt said. Gatlin was aware of it but implied it was only a slight distraction. “I didn’t know what it was,” he said, according to the BBC, “but when you’re in those blocks, the whole stadium is so quiet that you can hear a pin drop.” 1.How many exact athletes are mentioned in the text? A. Two B. Four C. Seven D. Eleven 2.What is the text mainly about? A. Usain Bolt along with seven other competitors B. A female Dutch judoka sitting behind the starting area. C. The lane belonging to Yohan Blake before 100 final. D. A beer bottle thrown at Usain Bolt before 100 final. 3.What’s the writer’s attitude towards the athletes for the 100-meter final? A. Critical B. Doubtful C. Disapproving D. Positive B Shirley Temple Black, who lifted America’s spirit as a bright-eyed child movie star during the Great Depression, peacefully passed away at her California home on Monday evening at 85, surrounded by her family and caregivers. Temple, born on April 23, 1928, started her entertainment career in the early 1930s and was famous by age 6. Temple was 3 when her mother put her in dance school, where a talent scout spotted her and got her in Baby Burlesks, a series of short movies with child actors playing in adult movies. Movie studio directors took notice of her and in 1934 she appeared in the film Stand Up and Cheer! and her song and dance caught people’s attention. Movies such as Little Miss Marker and Bright Eyes featured her signature song. In 1935, she received a special Oscar for her “outstanding contribution to screen entertainment” in the movie Stand Up and Cheer! She made some 40 feature movies, including The Little Colonel, Poor Little Rich Girl, Heidi and Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm, in 10 years, starring with big-name actors like Randolph Scott, Lionel Barrymore and Jimmy Durante. Temple was a superstar before the term was invented. She said she was about 8 when crowds shouting their love for her made her realize she was famous. “I wondered why,” she recalled. “I asked my mother and she said, ‘Because your films make them happy.’ ”

Her child career came to an end at 12. She tried a few roles as a teenager—including opposite future president Ronald Reagan in That Hagen Girl – but retired from the screen in 1949 at 21. Temple was only 17 when she married for the first time to John Agar, who would eventually appear with her in two movies. Their five-year marriage produced a daughter. In 1950 she wed Charles Black in a marriage that lasted until his death in 2005. She and Black had two children. Temple’s interest in politics was sparked in the early 1950s when her husband was called back into the Navy to work in Washington. 4. For which movie did Shirley Temple win the Oscar? A. That Hagen Girl B. Little Miss Marker C. Stand Up and Cheer D. The Little Colonel 5. When Temple first caught the audience’s eyes, ____. A. she hoped to play a role in a series of movies B. her family was offered C. her mother sent her to a local dance school D. the United States was in fact in financial straits 6. After Temple got married to Charles Black, ____. A. she might have begun her political life B. she had to raise her two young children C. she decided to work for the Navy D. she ended her film career on screen 7. It can be inferred from the fourth paragraph that ___. A. people could find happiness in Temple’s films B. Temple’s mother only focused on income C. Temple disliked crowds shouting at her D. Temple’s mother was worried about her C We know that the earth has become warmer over the last century. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), a group established by the World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations Environment Program, reports that the average surface temperature of the earth has increased during the twentieth century by 0.6°+ 0.2°C.(The + 0.2°C means that the increase might be as small as 0.4°C or as great as 0.8°C). This may seem like a small shift, but although regional and short—term temperatures do fluctuate(变动) over a wide range, global temperatures are generally quite stable. In fact, the difference between today’s average global temperature and the average global temperature during the last Ice Age is only about 5 degrees C. Indeed, it’s warmer today around the world than at any time during the past 1,000years, and the warmest years of the previous century have occurred within the past decade. We also know that human activities—primarily the burning of fossil fuels—have increased the greenhouse gas content of the earth’s atmosphere significantly over the same period. Carbon dioxide is one of the most important greenhouse gases, which trap heat near the planet’s surface. The vast majority of climate researchers agree with these overall findings. The scientific disagreements that do still exist primarily concern detailed aspects of the processes that make up these largely accepted general themes. You can think of this website as a window into the world of scientific research. In this primer, you’ll find a general discussion of the physical processes underlying the earth’s climate, an outline of the kinds of data that may shed light on how the climate is changing—and the role of human activity in these changes—and a description a some of the questions and uncertainties that researchers continue to explore. This primer is organized into four interconnected sections: the Atmosphere; the Hydrosphere(水圈); the Cryosphere(低温层); and the Biosphere(生物层). 8. We know from the text that “IPCC”___. A. engages in the climate and changes about the earth. B. is a group by scientists who like to walk around the moon

C. works in the World Meteorological Organization D. often greets the passers-by from the outer space 9. We know from the text that carbon dioxide ___. A. is one of the most important greenhouse gases B. has fossil fuels C. traps cold near the planet’s surface D. exist in human activities 10. From the text, we know when we say the temperature of something has increased by about 0.7+ 0.2°C, the + 0.2°C means___. A. the increase might by as small as 0.3°C or as great as 0.7°C B. the increase might by as small as 0.5°C or as great as 0.8°C C. the increase might by as small as 0.5°C or as great as 0.9°C D. the increase might by as small as 0.4 C or as great as 0.8°C 11. What would be the best title for this text? A. What Are the Scientific Disagreements B. You Can Think of This Website C. What Do We Know about Global Climate Change? D. The Vast Majority of Climate Researchers D Researchers at the University of Kansas say that people can accurately judge 90 percent of a stranger’s personality simply by looking at the person’s shoes. “Shoes convey a thin but useful piece of information about their wearers,” the authors wrote in the new study published in the Journal of Research in Personality. “Shoes serve a practical purpose, and also serve as nonverbal(非语言的) indications with symbolic messages. People tend to pay attention to the shoes they and others wear.” Medical Daily notes that the details detected in the study include a person’s general age, sex, income, political affiliation( 派别 ), and other personality characteristics, including someone’s emotional stability. Lead researcher Omri Gillath said the judgments were based on the style, cost, color, and condition of someone’s shoes. In the study, 63 University of Kansas students looked at pictures showing 208 different pairs of shoes worn by the study’s participants. Volunteers in the study were photographed in their most commonly worn shoes, and then filled out a personality questionnaire. So, some of the results were expected: People with higher incomes most commonly wore expensive shoes, and flashier footwear was typically worn by extroverts(外向者). However, some of the more specific results are interesting. For example, “practical and functional” shoes were generally worn by more “agreeable” people, while ankle boots went more closely with “aggressive” personalities. The strangers of all may be that those who wore “uncomfortable looking” shoes tend to have “calm” personalities. And if you have several pairs of new shoes or take exceptional care of them, you may suffer from “attachment anxiety”, spending a large amount of time worrying about what other people think of your appearance. There was even a political calculation in the mix with more liberal types wearing “shabbier and less expensive” shoes. The researchers noted that some people will choose shoe styles to mask their actual personality characteristics, but researchers noted that volunteers were also likely to be unaware that their footwear choices were showing deep awareness into their personalities. 12. According to Omri Gillath, a stranger’s personality can be judged by ___. A. the age and sex of the person B. the personality questionnaire by the person C. the emotional stability of the person D. the shoes the person wears 13. We can infer from Paragraph 2 that ___.

A. a practical purpose is to wear shoes B. people want to buy new shoes they pay attention to C. shoes are vital to their wearers D. the Journal of Research in Personality is a magazine 14. The underlined word “agreeable” is closest in meaning to __. A. gentle B. weak C. generous D. considerate 15. Which might be the best title for the passage? A. Good Shoes, Good Character B. Bad Shoes, Bad Personality C. Shoes and Their Wearers’ Personality D. Shoes Shape A Person’s Character 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) How to Love Your Parents Even if you think that your parents are mean-spirited at times, loving your parents is a normal and fulfilling part of life. You love them for the fact that they created you,raised you,and are in part a source of who you are. Here are some ways to love your parents. ____16___ A gentle “good morning” and “I love you” will warm a coldest heart. Remember that they brought you into this world. Without your parents,you might still wander at an unknown corner in an unknown world. Respect them more and cherish these moments. You can use these moments to learn from them for when you’re off on your own. It’s OK to get angry but angry actions don’t help you or your parents. Act calmly, cool off, journal about your feelings,or talk to a friend. ____17____ Obey their requests. It will make your attitude better and earn you more respect from them. It may seem like you are going through hell when you don’t get what you want or you have to clean. However,you had better remember they keep a roof over your head when it’s cold, raining, snowing,or too hot. Understand that parents are human beings and make mistakes.____18____. Since you can forgive your friends, why not forgive your parents? Keep company with them. Do things with your parents like watching TV,or go somewhere with them.__19__ Listen to their old stories and learn from them. You will find they are your teachers in this way or another. Some people simply may not be able to love their parents. ____20____ Seek help if you are being abused in any way. Parents do not have a right to harm you. A. There can be realistic reasons for this,family violence for example. B. Anyway,spend as much time with them as you can. C. Tell them you love them every morning. D. Forgiveness is the key. E. Parents will in turn express their love to you. F. After this, share your feelings with your parents. G. Please remember parents are as important as friends. 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完型填空(共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) A few days ago I was sitting in a Thai restaurant enjoying a meal when I got on a phone call from a friend I hadn’t spoken to for a long time. In my enthusiasm and_21__ I talked slightly louder than usual voice and in Spanish, my mother tongue. A few minutes into the_22__, the lady sitting at the table beside mine got up, seemingly__23_, and asked the restaurant staff to relocate her to a table as far away as possible from the man who wouldn’t _24__his phone. I sank in my seat out of _25__. I ended the call soon afterwards and felt the urge to go over and _26__. Before getting up I looked around to see where she was and she was, _27__, at the table furthest away from me. I noticed that the lady was_28__ and staring out of the window. I _29__ a tinge(气息) of sadness——perhaps a desire for aloneness and peace. But I had_30__ destroyed it minutes earlier. Right then I _31__ my plans for a conventional apologetic gesture. Seeing the Smile Cards

in my wallet I took one out. On signing my restaurant bill I asked my server to _32__charge the lady’s meal to my credit card and hand her the Smile Card instead of her bill. Did she take it the wrong way, I _33__? Did she get confused? Did she refuse the anonymous_34__? And so on. I just waited and felt nervous to learn the _35__.To my pleasant surprise, things_36__ to be the best possible way. The waiter approached me in a stream of _37__, telling me, “In many times she had _38__there before, but we had never seen the old lady smile as she did upon __39_the Smile Card and the $0check. She thanked me even though I _40__ that someone else did the job.” 21. A. anger B. sorrow C. nervousness D. excitement 22. A. call B. restaurant C. discussion D. interview 23. A. informed B. cheered C. offended D. separated 24. A. get off B. get on C. get through D. get over 25. A. enthusiasm B. embarrassment C. disappointment D. satisfaction 26. A. donate B. cooperate C. apologize D. exchange 27. A. instead B. indeed C. again D. also 28. A. moved B. thankful C. proud D. alone 29. A. arranged B. ignored C. broke D. detected 30. A. obviously B. naturally C. pleasantly D. purposefully 31. A. prepared B. abandoned C. suggested D. enjoyed 32. A. partly B. eventually C. secretly D. formally 33. A. wondered B. discouraged C. expected D. continued 34. A. service B. point C. advice D. offer 35. A. approach B. outcome C. difference D. reason 36. A. turned out B. put out C. took out D. made out 37. A. pity B. doubt C. joy D. sorrow 38. A. quarreled B. worked C. smiled D. dined 39. A. selling B. receiving C. making D. wrapping 40. A. explained B. suspected C. argued D. complained 第Ⅱ卷 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1.5 分, 满分 15 分) Time flies! This is _41_ third year that I have been in this school. In the past two and a half years, our school _42__ (organize) many activities. What impressed me __43__ (much) was an activity _44__ (call) “Learning to Farm”. On an autumn afternoon, we __45_ (send) to a farm _46___ we learnt to plant potatoes there. ___47__ (be) in the city for such a long time, we were so happy to go to the countryside. After _48__ (divide) into three groups, we started to work. Some students cut potatoes _49_ pieces, some dug holes, and the others put the pieces of potatoes into the holes, put the earth back and pushed _50__down hard. 第三部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) I took a trip to a big lake in Indonesia with my family two years before. It was really huge lake with beautiful scenery all around. People were amazed by the endless view in front of our eye. Later on, unlike other girls, I was volunteered to go waterskiing alone. I took on the life jacket, got off the motorboat immediately and started my engine as soon as possibly. The lake seemed broad and endless. I was so exciting to appreciate the beauty of the mountains and waters that I speed my motorboat. Then, after some time, I found me in the middle of the endless lake. I really enjoyed the unforgettable experience! 第二节:书面表达(满分 25 分) 作为一名高三学生的你,明年即将毕业。现在校报征稿,请根据以下要点写一篇英语短文,谈谈你对高三 生活的体会和建议。 1. 对老师与家长的关爱表示感谢;2. 向与自己发生过矛盾的同学表达歉意;3. 努力学习,实现人生梦 想;4. 对学弟、学妹的建议。 注意:1. 可适当加入细节,使行文连贯;2. 词数:100 左右(开头已给出,不计入总字数) 。

High school is always considered as the most cherished period of one’s life. As a Senior 3 student, it won’t be long before I graduate. ___________________________________________________________ 学能培优特训试题(二十三) 参考答案 阅读理解 1-3BDD 4-7CDAA 8-11AACC 12-15DDAC 七选五 16-20 CFDBA 完型填空 21-25DACAB 26-30CBDDA 31-35BCADB 36-40ACDBA 语法填空 41. the 42. has organized 43. most 44. called 45. were sent 46. that/ which 47. Having been 48. being divided 49. into 50. it 短文改错 before→ago really ∧a huge lake eye→eyes was volunteered 删掉 was took →put off→ on possibly→possible exciting→excited speed→sped me→myself 写作 High school is always considered as the most cherished period of one’s life. As a Senior 3 student, it won’t be long before I graduate. Now, I have much to share with my fellow students. Firstly, I would like to show my appreciation of help from those standing by me all the way, teachers, parents and friends included. Without their help and advice, my life would be different. Secondly, it's high time to say sorry to classmates whom I hurt or misunderstood. Communication and smiles act as bridges to friendship. Above all, I've made up my mind to make every effort to study, for I believe hard work is the key to success. Just as the old saying goes, "No pains, no gains." Finally I hope that all the younger fellows can make full use of time, because time and tide wait for no men.



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