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人教英语新课标必修2多媒体教案unit 2


教师备课系统──多媒体教案

Unit 2

The Olympic Games
概述

教材解读 本单元的中心话题是“奥运会”,旨在通过单元教学使学生了解奥运会的有关知 识,学会描古代奥运会与现代奥运会的异同;复习一般将来时的被动语态,鼓励学生在 两人活动和小组活动中积极发言,这样既可以消除害羞的心理,又有利

于学生掌握恰当 的交际策略。 1.1 Warming Up 部分通过讨论让学生了解古代和现代奥运会的异同。 1.2 Pre-reading 部分的三个问题则进一步考查学生对奥运会基本常识的了解。 1.3 Reading 部分作者通过一个虚拟的采访向读者介绍了古代奥运会与现代奥运会 的异同。 1.4 Comprehending 部分帮助学生归纳他们已知的和刚学到的关于古代与现代奥运 会异同,并且进一步讨论奥运会相关知识。 1.5 Learning about Language 部分都同单元主题紧密相关, 词汇和语法结构的呈现也 尽可能地安排在相关的语境中。 1.6. Using Language 部分通过一个希腊神话故事来引导学生进行读、听、说、写的 综合训练。 1.7 Summing up 从四个角度:有用的动词,动词短语,其他的表达和新句型结构总 结 本单元内容,并总结所学的有关野生动物保护方面的知识。 1.8 Learning Tips 部分鼓励学生在两人活动和小组活动中积极发言,这样既可以消 除害羞的心理,又有利于学生掌握恰当的交际策略。 单元目标 一、知识与技能 1.教学重点 (1) 本单元的生词和短语; (2)学会使用将来时的被动语态; (3)让学生熟悉奥运会—世界上最重要的体育盛会; 能用英语就奥运会的基本知识进 行互相问答,并能简述奥运会的基本知识; (3)鼓励学生表达自己的兴趣爱好,要多让学生讲自己熟悉的话题。 2.教学难点 (1) 指导学生按类别归纳整理词汇,让学生学会有效的记忆词汇的方法; (2) 引导学生发现本单元重点语言结构,让学生自己发现并感悟相关的语言规律, 培养他们的语感。 二、过程与方法 在教学中坚持教师为主导,学生为主体,面向全体学生,利用多种媒体,使用任务 型教学方法,以小组学习的形式组织教学。 66

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三、情感、态度与价值观 通过单元教学使学生了解奥运会的有关知识,鼓励学生多参加体育锻炼和体育活 动,增强体质,增加为国增光的荣誉感。 教法学法导航 教法导航 本单元主要采用情景引入法,结合学生的生活实际,让学生从古今奥运会的异同 中,体验人类文明发展的过程,提高学生参与运动的意识。在以后的课时进行展开操练, 注意重点单词的讲解等。 学法导航 学生要学会使用一般将来时态的被动形式谈论奥运会的有关情况, 并且学会怎样从 自身做起增强体质,增强为国增光的意识。 课时支配 本单元分五课时: 第一课时:Warming up, Pre-reading, Reading, Comprehending 和 Leaning about Language 内容一致,将其设计成一节阅读课。 第二课时: Reading, Comprehending 和 Leaning about Language 中的重点词汇、 短语、 句型的语言学习课。 第三课时:将 Learning about language 中的 Discovering useful structures 设计成一节 语言学习课即语法课。 第四课时:将 Using language 中的 Reading, Listening 和 Writing 部分设计成一堂语 言运用课,重点培养学生语言综合运用能力。 第五课时:将 Language 中的 Summing up 与 Learning Tip 和 Checking Yourself 设计 成一节复习课。

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教师备课系统──多媒体教案

第 1 课时
教案Ⅰ Warming up,Reading and Comprehending
教学目标 一、知识与技能 1. To learn about some basic knowledge of the ancient and modern Olympic Games. 2. To master the new words and expressions in this passage. 3. To understand the general idea of the new text to train the reading ability of the students. 4. To be more familiar with some reading skills, such as scanning ,summarizing etc. 二、过程与方法 通过阅读和小组讨论了解文章的主题,让学生尝试运用文中关键词复述课文。 三、情感、态度与价值观 激发学生对奥运会的兴趣,以便他们能够更好地理解奥运精神。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 教学重点 (1) To understand the general idea of the text (2) To improve the students’ reading ability further 教学难点 (1) To retell the text (2) To use words and expressions learned in this text to communicate freely 教法与学法导航 教法导航 Task- based teaching and the integral teaching method 学法导航 (1) To use some reading skills to understand the text better (2) To be more active in group activities 教学准备 教师准备 多媒体课件,以及一些与奥运有关的图片。 学生准备 说出自己所喜欢运动员的基本情况、找出文章中的一些重要词组。 教学过程 Step 1 引入话题 68

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Lead in the lesson by showing the students a short movie about the 2008 Beijing Olympic games.

Warming up by checking the preview plans Today we are going to learn about THE OLYMPIC GAMES. But first, I’d like to know how well you have prepared for the class…now take out your preview plans. Check the answers to the exercises on the preview plans with the whole class. Get the students to raise the difficulties or problems they met in their previewing. Step 2 读前准备 1. Asking and answering Now, please read the three questions before the Reading. Let’s do it in turn. Let’s begin from the first row here…ok, you did a good job. Let’s summarize your answers. For reference: 1. In Summer Olympics, there are running, swimming, shooting, wrestling, jumping, football, basketball, volleyball, table tennis, throwing, Javelin, weight lifting, gymnastics, boxing etc. In winter Olympics, there are skiing skating, ice hockey, ski jumping, sledding, snowboarding etc. 2. The 29th Olympic Games will be held in Beijing on August 18th, 2008. 3. To hold the Olympic Games is a rich prize for a country. And it can make a country known in the world. It can stimulate the country’s economy, and help to speed up its development. 2. Imaging and introducing Please look at the three pictures in the reading. Please talk about them. Imagine whatever you can. For reference: The first picture is the status of a great Greek. His name is Pausanias. He was a famous traveler and writer in the second century AD. His Guide to Greece is an 69

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
extremely comprehensive guidebook for tourists, concentrating on buildings, tombs and status and including a lot of information on the mythological, religious and historical background to the monuments described. It is so informative that it may be called the foundation of classical archaeology and this ancient Baedeker is still used as a guide to classical Greece. Can you remember a famous ancient Chinese traveler and writer? He also wrote a book. Yes, his name is Xu Shake. His works is The Notes of Xu Shake’s travels. The second picture is the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games. Maybe this is the principle stadium. It’s large and can hold thousands of audience. The third picture is a Chinese athlete named Yang Yang. She won a gold medal for China in the 2002 winter Olympic Games. She is a famous skating player. 3. Talking and Sharing We know there are many differences and similarities about the ancient and modern Olympics. Do you know anything about them? You can simply guess. Yes, Lucy, try … Step 3 阅读文章 1. Read the recording aloud and find the general idea Now please listen and read aloud to the recording of the text AN INTERVIEW. Pay attention to the pronunciation and intonation as well as the pauses within each sentence. Then try to get the general idea of the passage. Have you got the main idea? Yes, it tells us the differences and the similarities between the ancient and modern Olympics. 2. Reading and acting Now let’s play the parts of the Greek writer Pausanias and the Chinese girl Li Li. Now boys, you are Pausanias; girls, you are Li Li. Please pay attention to the bold words. 3. Reading and finding Now read the text again. The boys shall try to finish the task: What was the ancient Olympics like? The girls shall try to finish the task: What is the modern Olympics like? 4. Reading and collecting information Ok, now let’s read it silently. First let’s talk about the same points between the ancient and modern Olympics. Who can answer? Any volunteers? Then let’s come to the differences. The similarities ①Both are held every four years. ②Both are held not for money but for honour. ③The beliefs are the same. They are: Swifter, Higher, and stronger. ④Men are allowed to take part both in ancient and modern Olympics. ⑤Some events are the same, such as running, jumping, shooting and throwing. The Differences ①There were not winter Olympics in the past. ②Now competitors are from all over the world. But in the ancient time, only the people 70

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in Greece could take part. ③Only men were allowed to take part in the past, now woman are also allowed. ④In the past, winners got the olive wreath as the prize. Now competitors compete for medals. ⑤The events and athletes in modern time are more than those in the past. ⑥There is a special village for the competitors to live in, a stadium for competitions, a gymnasium for these who watch the games now. But there were not in the past. 5. Reading and underlining Next you are to read and underline all the useful expressions or collocations in the passage. Copy them to your notebook after class as homework. Collocations from AN INTERVIEW take part in…, gold medals, the spirit of…, be held, in order to, host the Olympic Games, on a magical journey, find out, the present day Olympic Games, used to, write about…, come to your time, be admitted as…, two sets of…, enjoy competing in…, compete against…, for the honour of…, reach the standard, be admitted to…, play a very important role, as well as, a stadium for competitions, as a matter of fact, compete for…, olive wreath, feel proud of…, make… happy Step 4 学习归纳信息 Closing down by doing exercise. To end the lesson you are to do the comprehending exercises 1 & 2. Closing down by discussing. You know our government has tried its best to compete for hosting the 29th Olympic Games. It has cost a lot of money. Do you think it is worthwhile? Why? For reference: It is worthwhile to host the Olympic Games. To host Olympic Games can make our country known to the whole world. To host Olympic Games can make our culture and people understood by the other peoples. To host Olympic Games can stimulate the developing of our economy. Closing by imagining. Imagine what we will do and what we can do for the 29th Olympic Games now. For reference: Maybe we can serve as volunteers to help the foreign visitors and athletes from all over the world. So at present we should study hard. Especially we should try our best to learn English well. Closing down by narrating We can see the text is written in a conversational style. And there are two speakers. One is Pausanias, a Greek writer 2000 years ago, the other is Li Li, a Chinese girl. Now let’s change it into a narrative style. In other words, let’s describe the ancient and modern Olympic Games in our own words. Who would like to have a try? 71

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
For reference: The ancient Olympic Games began in Greece and were held from 776 B.C. to A.D.393. It was held every four years. At that time, there were not so many sports as today. And women were not allowed to take part in the games. There were not Winter Olympics at that time. Winners got the olive wreath as the prize. The motto was swifter, higher and stronger. The modern Olympic Games began in 1891. They’re held every four years. There are many new sports in the Olympics. In the summer Olympics there are over 250 different sports. Women are not only allowed to join in but also play a very important role. Now the competitors compete for medals. The motto is swifter, higher and stronger. Closing down by summarizing As we have finished the passage we’ll sum up what we have learned. First let’s see the writing skills. It is written in a conversational style. It’s in a very interesting way. It adopts a dialogue between Pausanias who lived 2000 years ago and a Chinese gird in modern world. Through their dialogue, the differences and similarities between the ancient and modern Olympic Games are made known to the readers. Just because it is in a conversational style, there are quite a few oral spoken English and elliptical phrases. Through the comparison between the ancient and modern Olympic Games, we have learned the differences and the similarities between them. Now we can have a deep understanding of the Games. From the passage, we can have a deep understanding of the Games. From the passage, we can also get to know that the Olympic Games are developing and improving. It’s our duty to make the Olympic Games better and healthier. We know that one of the slogans for 2008 Beijing Olympic Games is Green Olympic Games. It shows that people are paying more and more attention to our environment. Step 5 深入阅读 Read the text more carefully and finish two tasks Task 1. Decide which are true and which are false: 1.There are two sets of Games- the Summer and the Winter Olympics and both are held every four years.( ) 2. The Winter Olympics are usually held two years after the Summer Olympics.( ) 3. Slaves and women were allowed to take part in the Games.( ) 4. The 2004 Olympics were held in Greece.( ) 5. People in the modern Olympic Games compete for money.( ) Task 2. Ask and answer: SB, P11 Ex 2. Step 6 口语训练 Retell the text according to the following key words The ancient Olympics…every four years…be not allowed to…the modern Olympics ..two sets of…not only…but also…the opportunity to …compete for …the motto…… Step 7 课堂训练 72

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
Fill in the blanks: The _______Olympic Games began in Greece and were held from 776 B.C. to A.D.393. It was held_______ four years. At that time, there were not so many sports as today. And women were not________ to take part in the games. There were not Winter Olympics at that time. Winners got the________ wreath as the prize. . The_______ Olympic Games began in 1891. They’re held every four years. There are two sets of Games —the Winter and the Summer Olympics. In the summer Olympics there are over 250 different sports. Women are_____ ______ allowed to join in ______ play a very important role. Now the competitors compete for medals. The motto is _____ ______and_______. Step 8 作业布置 (一)Translate the following phrases 1. _______________ 每四年 2._______________ 扮演角色 3. _______________ 为了……荣誉 4. _______________ 一套 5. _______________ 与……结婚 6. _______________ 改变主意 7._______________ as well 8. _______________ one after another 9. _______________take part in 10. _______________ as a matter of fact 11. _______________be admitted as 12. _______________be admitted to/into 13. _______________compete against sb 14. _______________take part 15. _______________join in 16. _______________ 古代奥运会 17. _______________冬奥会 18. _______________夏奥会 19. _______________奥运会 (二)Find out the important phrases and sentences in the passage. 板书展示 The Olympics The Differences 1.What were the ancient Olympics like? The same points between the 2. The girls shall try to ancient and modern Olympics. ①②③④⑤ finish the task: What is the The similarities modern Olympics like? ①②③④⑤ 教学反思 根据本课时的特点,安排了八个环节,第一个环节让学生按老师的指令做动作来调 整学生的精神状态同时又复习了一些动词,为新课做知识上的准备;在第二个环节中, 通过读前准备让学生了解有关的背景知识;第三环节,通过阅读文章获取相关的信息, 增强对阅读能力的培养;第四环节信息归纳,让学生由输入信息阶段进入到输出信息阶 段,培养学生的总结归纳能力,在锻炼学生的综合语言运用能力的同时,又让他们学会 搜集信息,合作与交流;第五环节深入阅读,从细节上把握文章的详细信息,以培养学 生获取详细信息的能力;第六个环节口语训练是学生能力的一个升华,学生们通过前几 个环节的训练,从而内化为自己的一个技能;第七环节,课堂循例,以检测学生的学习 73

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
效果,第八个环节安排了解决重点句子和词汇的练习,以便为下一节课作好预习。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 学校的理想是:不要让任何一个在智力方面没有受过训练的人进入生活。愚蠢的人 对社会来说是危险的,不管他们受过哪一级的教育。 ——(前苏联)苏霍姆林斯基《给教师的建议》

教案Ⅱ Warming up,Reading and Comprehending
教学目标 一、知识与技能 1.语言知识目标: 初步掌握课文中的词汇,如 volunteer, homeland, athlete, stadium, replace 等。 2.语言技能目标: (1)培养学生通过略读、查读、精读理解文章的逻辑关系,理解图表信息,通过 归纳和总结理解文章的深层含义。 (2)通过篇章阅读积累语言,并运用所学语言进行讨论和写作,全面提高听、说、 读、写能力。 二、过程与方法 通过阅读和小组讨论了解文章的主题,让学生尝试运用文中关键词复述课文。 三、情感、态度与价值观 (1)了解奥运会的起源和发展及其对维护世界和平和促进社会发展所起的重大作 用。 (2)领会奥运会精神——Swifter, Higher, Stronger,使学生不断去超越自己。 (3)培养学生具有积极向上的学习态度,乐于进行小组合作,积极探究问题,不 断提高学习英语的积极性和自信心。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点及难点 教学重点 1.让学生初步掌握并运用本篇文章中所学的重要词汇。 2.培养和训练学生的多种阅读技巧,提高学生分析问题、解决问题的能力。 3.帮助学生在体验中学会与人合作。 74

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教学难点 1.灵活运用所学词组。 2.灵活运用多种阅读微技能(predicting, skimming, scanning),提高学生的阅读能 力。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 灵活运用多种阅读微技能(predicting, skimming, scanning),提高学生的阅读能力。 学法导航 1.合作学习:合作学习是指学生通过分工合作共同达成学习目标的一种学习方式。 本节课将在课堂活动中把学生分成四人一小组的学习小组, 让他们围绕着课堂任务分工 合作,在活动中相互探讨、相互交流、相互合作,从而获得知识、技能和情感体验,发 展他们的能力。 2.创设情景和有意义的任务活动,激发学生的学习热情,指导学生自主学习,发 挥他们自己的主观能动性,把被动的学习变为主动学习。 教学准备 教师准备 电脑课件(a courseware) 包括:图片、文字、音乐及视频。 学生准备 说出自己所喜欢运动员的基本情况、找出文章中的一些重要词组。 教学过程 Step 1 Warming up and Pre-reading 1.学生欣赏并合唱 2008 年北京奥运会主题曲《你和我》(You and me)。 2.让学生进行“奥运会知识知多少”抢答赛。 ① When did the ancient Olympic Games started? A. in 1896. B. in 1906. C. in 776 BC. ② When did the ancient Olympic Games stop? A. in 393 BC. B. in 394 AD. C. in 311 AD. ③ What was rewarded to the winners in ancient Olympic Games? A. Metals. B. Olive wreath. ④ How many gold medals did China get in the 2004 Athens Olympics? A. 26. B. 28. C. 30. D. 32. ⑤ Which sport is in the Winter Olympic Games? A. Badminton. B. Soccer. C. Speed skating. ⑥ When and where did the modern Olympic Games start? ⑦ When did China first take part in the Olympic Games? ⑧ Who was China’s first gold medal winner? ⑨ How many kinds of the Olympic Games are there in the world? ⑩ What is the motto(格言,口号) of the Olympic Games? Answers:① C ② B ③ B ④ D ⑤ C 75

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
⑥ In 1896 in Athens, Greece. ⑦ In 1932. ⑧ Xu Haifeng. ⑨ Two, the Winter and Summer Olympics. ⑩ Swifter, Higher, Stronger. 3. Introduce the topic of the Olympic Games. (1)Listen to the song Pass the Flame (the theme song of the Athens Olympic Games). T:You look so good today. Would you like to listen to some music? Ss:Of course/Good idea. T:(Play the song)Have you ever heard of the song? Ss:Yes/Sure. T:What is the name of it? Ss:Pass the Flame. T:What else do you know about the song? S1:It’s the theme song sung in the 2004 Athens Olympic Games. S2:科兹拉斯 sings it. S3:It calls on people to get united together. (2)Sharing information about the Olympic Games. T:Good. I can see you have a good idea about what is happening around us. Talking about the Olympic Games,I have asked you to find as much information as possible on the history,the motto,the event and the previous Olympic Games,right? Have you done that? Ss:Yes. T:So who would like to share the information with us? S4:Let me have a try. I would like to talk about the events in the Olympic Games. (Introduces the events of badminton,table tennis,hurdles,diving,skiing,skating, volleyball , basketball , volleyball , gymnasium , high jump , weighting lifting and boxing,etc. At the same time,show the information and pictures on the screen.) S5:I want to share some pictures I got on the Internet too.(Also shows what he got on the screen.) Look at the first picture. What is it?

Ss:A big stadium.

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S5:What about this one? Ss:Erh... S5:It’s an Olympic torch. Let’s have a look at this one. What can you see?

Ss:A flag. S5:Yes,it is the Olympic flag. There are five rings joined together. Can you guess what the five rings are? (Tells the Ss that they are the five continents. They are joined together as a sign of friendship—the blue one represents the Europe,the yellow one refers to Asia,the black one stands for Africa,the green one is a symbol of Oceania and red one is a sign of America.) T:Thank you! You got so much information with vivid pictures about the Olympic Games. Terrific! Let’s give them a big hand for their hard work! 4. The events in the Olympics. Just now some of you mentioned some events. Now let’s learn more. Please turn to Page 49 Ex. 1.Read the names of the events and then classify them according to the table. Suggested answers:
Sporting events in the winter Olympic Games ice hockey skiing ice skating Sporting events played between teams basketball volleyball football relay race gymnastics Sporting events done best by Chinese athletes table tennis badminton weight-lifting gymnastics shooting diving

Step 2 Predicting Get Ss to read the title and background information together and predict the main content of the interview. T:Today we are going to learn more about the Olympic Games. Please open the text book and turn to Page 9.What is the title of the passage? Ss:An interview. It is a conversation between two persons. 77

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
T:Good. Now read the background information together and guess who are the interviewer and interviewee and what they possibly talk about. (Ss read in chorus.) T:Who is the interviewer? S6:Pausanias. He lived in Greece 2000 years ago. T:So did he live in the modern or ancient Olympics? Ss:He lived in ancient Olympics. T:What about the interviewee? S7:The interviewee is Lily,who is a Chinese girl. T:Does she live in the ancient Olympics too? Ss:No,she lives in modern Olympics. T:Very good.(Writes on the blackboard Interviewer Pausanias—ancient Olympics, interviewee Lily—modern Olympics.)Now let’s guess what might they talked about? Ss:It’s probable that they will talk the similarities and differences between the ancient and modern Olympics. T:OK,let’s read and see whether you are right. Let the students look at the title and the pictures and predict what will be talked about in the text. Step 3 Skimming 1. Let the students read Para 1 and answer the following questions. ① Who is the interviewer? ② Who is the interviewee? Answers: ① Pausanias ② Li lily 2. Let the students read the text quickly and answer the question. What do they mainly talk about? Olympics, especially the They mainly talk about the ____ Olympics and similarities and differences. Answers:ancient, modern Step 4 Scanning Let the students read the text and find the following information. Differences/Similarities Step 5 Reading comprehension Let the students do the following exercises. ① What’s the text mainly about? (B) A. Introducing the history of the modern Olympics. B. Introducing similarities and differences between the ancient and modern Olympics. C. Telling readers when and where the modern Olympics are held.. D. Telling readers who can take part in the modern Olympics. ② Why does every country want to host the Olympics? That’s because ____. (B) 78

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
A. the Olympics will bring it money and honor B. it’s a great responsibility but also a great honor to be chosen C. it will be easier for its athletes to win medals D. it will be convenient for its athletes to compete in games ③ From the text, we can learn that ____.(D) A. not all the countries want to host the Olympics B. the Olive wreath can be seen in the modern Olympics C. over time, the spirit of the Olympics has changed a lot D. hosting the Olympics costs a large sum of money Step 6 Retelling the text Ask the students to retell the text using proper words. Pausanias was a Greek writer about 2,000 years ago. He is interviewing Li Yan now, who is a ____ for the 2008 Olympic Games. He asks some questions about the modern Olympics. He is told that the Summer Olympic Games and the Winter Olympic Games are held every four years on a ____ basis. The ____ who satisfy the agreed standard for their events can be ____ as competitors. ____ any country can take part in the Olympic Games in which women play an important role in ____ not like what used to be in his day, when women and ____ could not join in the games. He also knows that any country has the opportunity of ____ the Olympic Games, which they think is a great ____ and a great honor. Many changes have taken place except the ____ of the Olympic Games — “Swifter, Higher, Stronger”. He is surprised at and interested in these changes. Answers: volunteer, regular, athletes, admitted, Nowadays, gymnastics, slaves, hosting, responsibilities, motto Step 7 Discussion 1. Hosting the Olympic Games will have good effects on the host city but it will also bring some bad results. Let the students discuss the advantages and disadvantages of hosting the Olympic Games in fours. 2. Ask the students to show their opinions as the followings. Step 8 Homework Write a passage about the discussion of “the advantages and disadvantages of hosting the Olympic Games”. 板书展示 Unit 2 The Olympic Games Period 1 Pausanias(ancient Olympics) Interviewer: Interviewee: Lily(modern Olympics) Similarities and differences between ancient and modern Olympics 79

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
Language Points 1.compete vi.= take part in compete with/against sb. for sth. in competitor competition 2.take part in = join in= take part in Join = attend= be present at 3.go/start/come/be on a journey 4.used to do be/get/become used to doing be used to do 5.be to do 6.every+数词+时间名词(pl.) “每……” =every+序数词 (single) 7.admit sb./sth.+(prep. phrase) (1)allow to enter/let in (2)have enough space for (3)acknowledge 8.allow allow sb./sth. allow doing sth. allow sb. to do sth. 9.as well as=and,besides 教学反思 根据本课时的特点,安排了八个环节,第一个环节是导入环节,播放由刘欢和莎 拉·布莱曼演唱的 You and me 的 MTV,让学生跟着一起唱,视听唱相结合,激发学生 的学习兴趣和欲望。进行奥运会知识抢答竞赛,激活学生相关的背景知识,引入课文 主题——the Olympic Games。第二个环节:猜测是培养学生阅读能力的有效方法之一。 让学生读标题和课文中的插图预测课文内容,可以培养学生的想象力,激发其用语言 表达的欲望。第三个环节速度(Skimming)是一种快速阅读法,学生不需要将文章仔细 看完,它要求学生了解文章的主要信息,整体理解文章。笔者设计的 3 个问题有利于培 养学生快速阅读的能力,帮助学生理清篇章的脉络,为处理文章的细节做准备。第四 个环节是略读环节,在教学中把课文中的信息设计成表格填空的形式,让学生在阅读 过程中归纳出古代奥运会和现代奥运会的异同。 这些表格降低了阅读难度,能使学生更 好地理解课文细节,提高阅读效率。第五个环节是理解,以上题目的设计旨在检测学 生的阅读理解能力和推理判断能力,同时把课文阅读教学与高考阅读理解进行链接, 培养学生的阅读策略和技能。第六个环节复述课文, 设计了篇章填空的形式让学生复 述课文,让学生进行语言输出活动,这样学生就能轻松地对文章进行概括总结。第七 个环节是讨论,该讨论题目由 Pre-reading 中的第三个问题“Why do many countries want to host the Olympic Games while others do not?”改编而来。此话题能引发学生积极思 考,能激起学生参与讨论的热情。第八个环节是布置作业, 家庭作业的设计把课堂上 80

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
学生的讨论活动进行了延伸,使学生由口头输出活动转化到写的输出活动,训练学生 的写作能力。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 让学生体验到一种自己在亲身参与掌握知识的情感,乃是唤起少年特有的对知识 的兴趣的重要条件。当一个人不仅在认识世界,而且在认识自我的时候,就能形成兴 趣。没有这种自我肯定的体验,就不可能有对知识的真正的兴趣。 ——前苏联教育家 苏霍姆林斯基:《给教师的建议》

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第 2 课时
教案Ⅰ Reading, Comprehending and Learning about language
教学目标 一、知识与技能 1.重点单词、短语:compete, take part in, stand for, magical, volunteer, regular, basis, athlete, admit, stadium, as well, host, responsibility, replace, charge, in charge, bargin, 2.掌握句型: (1) I lived in what you call “Ancient Greece” and I used to write about the Olympic Games a long time ago. (2)How often do you hold your Games? (3) It's in the Summer Olympics that you have the running races, together with swimming, sailing and all the team sports. (4) There's as much competition among countries to host the Olympics as to win Olympic medals. 二、过程与方法 通过查阅资料、老师提示和小组讨论了解文章的主题,让学生学会熟练使用知识目 标中列出的单词和短语,会争取使用词汇、短语和句型。 三、情感、态度与价值观 培养学生的语言学习的方法和探究知识的乐趣。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 教学重点 1.课文中的语言结构。 2.重点词汇、短语和句型的理解和应用。 教学难点 1.重点词汇、短语的正确使用。 2.重点句型的突破。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 1.教师启发指导、小组讨论。 2.互动式教学。 学法导航 查阅资料,小组讨论,自行解决课文中出现的重点词汇、短语、句型的用法。 教学准备 教师准备 82

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
学案以及一些与奥运会相关的资料和卡片。 学生准备 词典、资料等。 教学过程 Step 1 作业检查 1. Ask some students to answer the questions related to the passage. (1) What’s the name of the country where the first Olympics began? (2) What’s the large building called in which many outdoor sports events are held? (3) What’s the Olympic motto? (4) This is an award given to the top three winners in each event in the Olympics? (5) How often are the Olympic Games held? 2. Ask some students to translate the assigned phrases. 3. Ask two more students to do the presentation. Step 2 词的练习 1. (1) Let students do Exercise 1 in Discovering useful words and expressions. (2) While checking the answers with the students, ask students to say out the Chinese meaning. 2. Let students do Exercise 2: Choose the word or phrase that means almost the same as the word in italics. Then ask a student read out his or her answers. 3. Do Exercise 3: Complete the passage with the words below in their proper forms. Then ask a student to read his or her answers out and judge right or wrong together with the whole class. Step 3 课文重要语言点 1. Find out and discuss the important sentences in the passage. (1) How many countries competed in the ancient Olympic Games? (2) Who would not take part in the ancient Olympic Games? (3) What do the five rings on the Olympic flag stand for? (4) He is now interviewing Li Yan, a volunteer for the 2008 Olympic Games. (5) …,and both are held every four years on a regular basis. (6) Only athletes who have reached the agreed standard for their event will be admitted as competitors. (7) Does anyone want to host the Olympic Games? (8) So even the olive wrench has been replaced! 2. Drill for important words and phrases. (1) compete vi.竞争;比赛 ① They found themselves competing with foreign companies for a share of the market. 他们发现自己与外国公司在竞争市场份额。 ② The company must be able to compete in the international marketplace. 公司必须 能够竞争国际市场。 83

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
③ Several companies are____ each other____ a contract(合同). A. competing against; for B. competed; with C. competing with; against D. competing with; to (2) admit vt. 容许;承认;接纳 ①She admitted (to) having stolen /that he had stolen the car. 她供认偷了那辆轿车。 ②The facts admit of no other explanation . 事实不容作其他解释。 (3) If you leave the club, you will not be _____ back in. [2009 全国卷Ⅱ,15] C. turned D. moved A. received B. admitted (3) host v. 作…主人(或东道主),主办,主持 n. 主人,节目主持人 ①Our host greeted us at the door. 我们的主人在门口迎接我们。 ②I like the program hosted by Michelle.我喜欢米歇尔主持的节目。 (4) replace vt.取代;替换;代替 John is not here today. Who can _____ him in the game? [2010 琼海高一检测] A. take the place B. instead of C.replace D.in place of (5) 辨析:take part in/join in/ join/ attend ① Sixteen schools have agreed to take part in the program so far. ② He joined the Party last year. ③ He was invited to the party but did not attend. ④ I don't know why my mom asked me to join in/take part in the discussion. (6) stand for 代表;主张;象征;表示 ①How can we make our exhibit stand out from the rest ? 我们该怎么做才能使我们的 展览摊位比其他的还突出呢? ②How can you stand by when she needs help? 当她需要帮助时你怎么能袖手旁观 呢? ③It's the sort of work that stands for a high level of concentration. 这种工作需要全神 贯注才能作好。 (7) as well 也;又;还(常用于肯定句,一般放在句末,不用逗号和前 as well 面的 句子隔开。 ) Your decision will affect your future study in college and your future job _____. A. as though B.as if C.as well D.as well as 3. Translate the following sentences into Chinese and try to analyze them. (1) I lived in what you call “Ancient Greece” and I used to write about the Olympic Games a long time ago. 我生活在你们所说的“古希腊”。 我曾写过很久以前的奥运会的 情况。( P9) 【分析】本句是由 and 连接的并列句,在第一个分句中 what you call “Ancient Greece”是名词性从句, 作介词 in 的宾语, 相当于 the place that/which you call “Ancient Greece”。what 引导名词性从句时,意为“……所(看到/听到/做的)……”或“什 么”,在名词性从句中可以作主语、宾语、表语、宾语补足语等句子成分。在本句中, what 是 call 的宾语。如: 84

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
At last we came to what is called “Tibet”.= At last we came to a place that/which is called “Tibet”. 最后我们来到了叫“西藏”的地方。 (2) How often do you hold your Games? 你们的奥运会多久举行一次?(P10) 【分析】how often 问的是某个行为或事件的频率,意为“多久一次”。 ①—How often do you go home? 你多久回家一次? —Twice a month. 每月两次。 ②—How often do 1 take the medicine? 我要多久吃一次药? —Three times a day. 每天三次。 (3) It's in the Summer Olympics that you have the running races, together with swimming, sailing and all the team sports.跑步、游泳、划船和所有团队项目是在夏季奥运 会上进行。( P10) 【分析】 is/was.…that.…是一种强调句型。 It 强调的是状语 in the Summer Olympics。 强调句型的基本结构是:It is/was+被强调成分+that/who+句子的其余部分。 It was Yao Ming that I met in the street yesterday. 昨天我在街上见到的是姚明。 【拓展】(1)强调句的一般疑问和特殊疑问句结构分别为:Is /Was it+被强调部分 +that/who+其余部分? 特殊疑问词+is/was it + that+其余部分? (2)强调“not…until…”;结构中由 until 引导的短语或从句时,结构为:It is/was not until…+that+其余部分。 What is it that you want to see? 你究竟想看什么? Was it you that broke the rule? 是你违反了规章制度吗? It was not until 1920 that regular radio broadcast began. 直到 1920 年才有了正规的无 线电广播。 (4) There's as much competition among countries to host the Olympics as to win Olympic medals. 国与国之间争取奥运会承办权的竞争就跟争夺奥运奖牌一样激烈。( P l0) 【分析】as+形容词或副词原级+as 表示同级比较,意为“和……一样”。其中第一 个 as 是副词,第二个 as 是连词,常用于引导一个比较状语从句,从句中常省略与主句 相同的成分。本句的第二个 as 后省略了 a competition among countries。在否定句或疑问 句中也可用 so.…as。如: We can do the work as well as they do. 我们做这项工作能和他们做得一样好。 No one else needs our help so much as he does. 谁也不像他那样如此需要我们的帮 助。 It's generally believed that teaching is as much an art as it is a science.人们普遍认为教 学如同一门科学一样,它同样是一门艺术。 Our car is twice as expensive as yours. 我们的车是你们的车的两倍贵。 Step 4 课堂作业 I. 根据汉语和首字母提示写出下列单词。 (主办) the 2010 World Cup. 1. South Africa 85

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
2. She was (接纳)as a member of the club. 3. We can _____ (竞争) with the best teams. 4. It's my________ (责任)to take good care of you. 5. This is her ________ (常规的)route to her school. 6. My favorite ________ is Liu Xiang, 7. I ___________ to go out with local reporters and do the stuff they didn't want to do 8.I have __________ the old tires with new ones. 9. We judge a worker on the _________ of his performance. 10. Xu Haifeng won the first gold ________ in the Olympic Games for China. Ⅱ. 用所给短语的适当形式完成下列各句。 take part in, stand for, as well, for the honor of, in charge 1. What do the letters UN _________? 2. I'm coming to London and my sister's coming ________l. 3. The first mate will be _________ when the captain is away. 4. Are you going to __________ the first experiment? 5. We fight __________ our country. Step 5 作业布置 Do Exercise 2 in Workbook, P49:Choose the words below that are synonyms of the words in italics. Change the sentences where necessary. Do Exercise 3 in Workbook, P49: Translate the following sentences into English using the words and phrases in brackets. 板书展示 Important words Important phrases 强调句 1. compete 1. take part in (1)结构: 2. volunteer 2. stand for 3. admit 3. as well (2) 4. replace 4. in charge 5. … 教学反思 根据本课时的特点,本课时安排了五个环节,第一个环节是检查作业,复习巩固上 节课所学的内容,为学习新课打好基础;第二个环节是个过渡环节,通过做课本的 “Discovering useful words and expressions.”进一步加强对课文中重点生词的词义和用 法的理解;接着第三步就是课文重要语言点的课文原句,找出这些重点词汇、短语和句 型的载体,为进一步加强词汇、句式的理解奠定基础;第四步就是具体深入地通过练习 的形式学习和掌握本课中出现的重点词汇、短语和句型,以便通过自己动脑、动手真正 地掌握这些词汇、短语和句型的用法;为了做到这一点,第五步就是一个针对性的课堂 训练,从而真正地内化为自己头脑中的知识。 课后反思

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_______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 心地善良的人首要的一点就是爱人。他对共同事业的忠诚来源于这种对人的热爱。 我们认为培养热爱人的感情和关心人的强烈意向是苏维埃学校最重要、 最崇高的任务之 一。 ——(前苏联)苏霍姆林斯基《要相信孩子》

教案Ⅱ Learning about language
教学目标 一、知识与技能 1. 重点单词、 短语: honest, medal gymnasium, stadium, admit, take part in, replace, prize,a set of,interview,compete in/against/for,competitor,competition 2.掌握句型: (1) I lived in what you call “Ancient Greece” and I used to write about the Olympic Games a long time ago. (2)How often do you hold your Games? (3) It's in the Summer Olympics that you have the running races, together with swimming, sailing and all the team sports. (4) There's as much competition among countries to host the Olympics as to win Olympic medals. 3.将来时的被动语态。 二、过程与方法 通过查阅资料、老师提示和小组讨论了解文章的主题,让学生学会熟练使用知识目 标中列出的单词和短语,会争取使用词汇、短语和句型。 三、情感、态度与价值观 培养学生的语言学习的方法和探究知识的乐趣。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 教学重点 1.课文中的语言结构、重点词汇、短语和句型的理解和应用。 2.将来时态的被动语态的正确使用。 教学难点 L.将来时态的被动语态的正确使用。 87

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
教法与学法导航 教法导航 1.教师启发指导、小组讨论。 2. 互动式教学。 学法导航 查阅资料,小组讨论,自行解决课文中出现的重点词汇、短语、句型的用法。 教学准备 教师准备 学案以及一些与奥运会相关的资料和卡片。 学生准备 词典、资料等。 教学过程 Step 1 Revision 1. Greet the class as usual. 2. Revise the interview between Pausanias and Lily by asking and answering some questions. T:Yesterday we learned an interview. Remember? Who is the interviewer? Ss:Pausanias,a Greek writer 2000 years ago. T:Good. What about the interviewee? Ss:Lily,a Chinese girl. T:What do they talk about? Ss:They talked about the ancient and modern Olympics Games,especially the similarities and differences. T:Very good. They talked about the Olympic Games,which are one of the most important athletic event in the world. How often are the modern Olympic Games held? Ss:Every four years. T:What about the ancient Olympic Games? Ss:Every four years,too. T: Good. Both the ancient and modern Olympics are held every four years. They are the same in this point. Can you tell me some other similarities? S1:Men are allowed to take part both in the ancient and the modern Olympics. S2:Some events are the same,such as races,horse riding and running. S3:The motto/beliefs are the same. They are swifter,higher and stronger. S4:Both are not for money but for honor. T:Good job. Now when we watch TV programmes we can see that winners can get some rewards? What do they get? Ss:Medals. T:What about the winners in the ancient Olympics? Do they get the same rewards? Ss:No. They get olive wreaths. It is different from those in modern Olympics. T:Good. But can you tell me more differences between the ancient and modern 88

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
Olympic Games? S5:There were no winter Olympics in the ancient time. S6:Now competitors are from all over the world. But in the ancient time,only people in Greece can take part. S7:Only men were allowed to take part in the ancient time,but now women are also allowed. S8:In the ancient time,winners got the olive wreath as the prize whole competitors compete for medals. S9:The events and athletes are more than those in the ancient time. S10 :There is a special village for the competitors to live in,a stadium for the competitions and a gymnasium for those who watch the games now. But there were not in the past. T:Wonderful job. You did have a clear understanding about the ancient and modern Olympic Games. Step 2 Discovering Useful Words and Expressions T : You were expected to complete the exercises in learning about Language independently. Have you finished? Now let’s check the answers. (Ask some students to the blackboard to write down their answers,then ask the other students to correct.) Suggested answers:Ex.1:1.B 2.B 3.B 4.A Ex.2:1.honest 2.medal 3.gymnasium 4.stadium 5.admit 6.take part in 7.replace 8.prize 9.a set of 10.interview Ex.3:take part in,prize,honest,admit,medal,stadium,interview,replace Ex.4:Omitted Ex.5:1.in 2.against/with 3.for 4.into/to 5.as 6.to 7.with/to Step 3 Useful Structures 1. Remind the present passive voice and introduce the future passive. (Show the students the following sentences,then change them into passive voice.) Show the slide. (1)Every day I do my homework. My homework is done. (2)I am writing some words on the blackboard. Some words are being written on the blackboard. (3)They have finished their homework. Their homework has been finished. (4)The children will see a film. T:Is there anything the same with the three underlined sentences? Ss:Yes. All the sentences above are all passive. T:Good. We can see the basic form is:be+p.p. Now let’s have a look at the fourth 89

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
sentence. Did they see the film? Ss:No,they are going to see the film in the future time. T:Good. This is a sentence in the future tense. How can we change it into passive voice? S11:A film will be seen by the children. T:Good job. So can we see the form for the future passive voice? S12:The form for the future passive is:will/be to/being go to be done. T:Terrific! 2. Practice (1)Creating sentences T:We know the Athens Olympic Games is the 28th.The next Olympic Games will be? Ss:The 29th. T:Can you make some sentences about the 29th Olympic Games using future passive? Any volunteers? S13:Let me have a try. The 29th Olympic Games will be held in Beijing. T:Good. Who would like to have a try too? S14:More trees will be planted for the 29th Olympic Games. T:Good. S15:New roads will be built in Beijing for the 29th Olympic Games. (2)Rules for the Olympic Games T:Now suppose the judges are writing rules for the 2008 Olympic Games but sadly they are too tired to finish them. Can you help them? (Get the students to work in pairs to finish the rules on Page 13.) Suggested answers: ① will be allowed ②will not be allowed,be taken away ③ will be allowed,will be left ④ excused,will be told ⑤ allowed,will be asked (3)Changing the following sentences into passive voice. ①The construction workers will pull down the old temple. ②They will give her a gold medal. ③They won’t read the Music of Chance by Paul Auster ④The rabbits won’t eat the carrots.. ⑤The Russian businessman won’t buy the famous painting by Xu Beihong. ⑥The teacher won’t mark the students’ homework tonight. Suggested answers: ①The old temple will be pulled down. ②A gold medal will be given to her. 90

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or:She will be given a gold medal. ③The Music of Chance by Paul Auster won’t be read. ④The carrots won’t be eaten by the rabbits. ⑤The famous painting by Xu Beihong won’t be bought by the Russian businessman. ⑥The students’ t homework won’t be marked tonight. Step 4 Poster Production T:Let’s come to Part 1 on Page 13. Read the sample first. (Help them to know the way to write a poster:First get a heading which can give a main idea about the event,then list the event and the time of the event and at last give some instructions on dos and don’t at the event.) Work in groups of four and make a poster for a certain event they like. They should use future passive for the actions. Suggested sample poster: Football Matches Football matches will be held in Guangzhou Stadium From July 7 to August 7 at 7:30 every evening. Tickets will be sold a week before each match. Food and drinks won’t be allowed to take in. Fashion Competition The annual fashion competition will be held in our school hall on December 12.Anyone who is interested in it will be allowed to take part in. Please come to the Students’ Union and enter your name for it before November 12. Step 5 Homework 1. Page 49 Ex.1:Choosing the right words and completing the sentences. 2. Work in groups of four to perfect their posters. They should think creatively and draw or paste some relevant pictures on it to make it more vivid and attractive. The best six ones shall be given some rewards. T:That’s all for this class,after class I hope you’ll prepare for the Speaking and Writing part,and finish the exercises on your exercise books. 板书展示 At last they put out 一般将来时被动语态结构 the fire. At last the fire I was put out. Have you sent for a You be asked He/She/It will not doctor? Has the We will (shall) not doctor been sent for? You / They will not 教学反思 根据本课时的特点,安排了五个环节,第一个环节是复习上节课所学的重点单词和 91

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
短语,以及课文信息,以便使学生能够灵活熟练地应用;第二个课本重点词汇短语的应 用练习,为了准确地掌握并应用所学的词汇和短语;第三个环节是语法学习,通过复习 一般现在时的被动语态,引入一般将来时的被动语态,减轻学生学习新课的难度;第四 个环节就是对新讲解的知识进行针对性的训练; 第五个环节的作业也是针对定语从句的 一个巩固练习,从而做到学以致用。 课后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 凡是儿童自己能够理解和感受的一切,都应当让他们自己去理解和感受。不过, 教师知道应当朝哪个方向引导儿童:对于他们的思想,有些加以支持和发展,而有些 则机智地予以抵消——当学生离开了作品的思想内容,陷入一些细节的时候就需要这 样做。 ——前苏联教育家 契可夫:《和教师的谈话》

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第 3 课时
教案Ⅰ Learning about language— Discovering useful structures
教学目标 一、知识与技能 1.To learn about future passive voice 2.To discover useful words and expressions 3.To learn the methods of words formation 二、过程与方法 通过教师示范讲解,让学生学会一般将来时的被动语态的基本结构和用法。 三、情感、态度与价值观 培养学生合作探究学习的能力,体现“Learn by doing”任务型教学思想,同时也培 养学生“争做好学生,学习优秀学生”的进取心。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 教学重点 1.一般将来时的被动语态的基本结构和用法。 2.学习构词法。 教学难点 一般将来时的被动语态的基本结构和用法的传授。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 从学习一般将来时的结构、被动语态的结构入手,学习一般将来时被动语态的基本 结构和用法。 学法导航 通过训练主动变被动的句子来做句型转换的操练, 以掌握一般将来时被动语态的基 本结构和用法。 教学准备 教师准备 多媒体课件,学案、图片等。 学生准备 翻译几个一般将来时的句子。 教学过程 Step 1 检查作业

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1. Have a word dictation of 15 words:compete, magical, volunteer, regular, basis, athlete, admit, stadium, host, responsibility, replace, charge, bargin, physical, homeland 2. Make some sentences with the given words:take part in, stand for, as well, in charge, Step 2 课前热身 Warming up by dictating There are several important sentences in this unit. Let’s dictate them. If you can’t, learn them by heart after class. ①When and where will the next Olympic Games be held? ②I live in what you call “Ancient Greece” and/used to write about the Olympic Games more than 2000 years ago. ③All countries can take part if they reach the standard to be admitted to the games. ④The next Olympic Games will be held in my hometown. ⑤It is just as much a competition among countries to host the Olympics as to win an Olympic medal. Warming up by discovering useful words and expressions. Turn to page 11 and do exercises 1, 2, 3 and 5 first. Check your answers against your classmates’. Step 3 学习构词法 1. Do exercise 4 and discover the rules. Turn to page 12 and find out the rules of word formation. By adding -ing to a verb, we can change the verb into a noun. That means we can change “doing some sport” into “the name of the sport”. By adding -er to a verb, we can change the verb into a noun. That means we can change “doing some sport” into “the person who does the sport”. 2. Means of word-formation in general Affixation, conversion, and composition (or compounding) are the chief means of word-formation in English. Besides these, there are also other minor ways of word-formation including clipping, acronym, blending etc. Step 4 学习一般将来时的被动语态 Turn to page 13 and do exercise 3. And tell the class the formation of present future passive voice. For reference: Well done, class. We can follow the following formulation to turn the future tenses into future passive voice; be going to be done, be about to be done, be to be done, will / shall be done, would / should be done. Closing down by summarizing 1. Present future passive voice (take “ask” for example)

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Affirmative I You He/She/It be asked We will (shall) You/They will will I You He/She/It will not We will (shall) not You / They will not be asked be Negative Interrogative Will (shall) I Will you Will he/she/it asked Will (shall) we Will you / they be

2. The passive Voice of phrasal verb Generally speaking, only transitive verbs can form the passive voice, for only transitive verbs can be followed by objects. But many intransitive verbs together with some prepositions and adverbs can be used as transitive verbs. So they can also be followed by the objects. Therefore they can also be used in passive voice. But note that all the phrasal verbs are used as a whole. When using them in passive voice, we cannot drop out the prepositions and adverbs. For examples: At last they put out the fire. At last the fire was put out. They will put up a notice on the wall. A notice will be put up on the wall. Have you sent for a doctor? Has the doctor been sent for? I have never heard of such a thing before. Such a thing has never been heard of before. We must take good care of the children here. The children must be taken good care of here. His classmates laughed at him for the foolish mistake. He was laughed at for the foolish mistake by his classmates. Step 5 作业布置 Workbook P50 1. & 2. 板书展示: At last they put out the fire. At last the fire was put out. Have you sent for a doctor? Has the doctor been sent for? 一般将来时被动语态结构 I You He/She/It will not asked We will (shall) not You / They will not

be

课堂作业 Ⅰ. 句型转换 1. When will they broadcast this program? When will this program be broadcast? 2. Her mother won't allow her to go there alone. She won't be allowed to go there alone. 95

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3. We will plant more trees on the hill. More trees will be planted on the hill. 4. The managers are to discuss the plan this week. The plan is to be discussed this week. 5. We are going to buy a new car. A new car is going to be bought. Ⅱ. 完成句子 l. If you break the rules, you will be punished(将受到惩罚 ). (will) 2. The meeting will be held (举行) next Tuesday. ( will) 3. A new road is going to be built (计划建) around the lake. ( be going to) ( will) 4. Only after you show your pass will you be allowed in (允许你进来). ( shall) 5. We shall be praised (受到表扬) by the boss for what we have done. 教学反思 根据本课时的特点,安排了五个环节,第一个环节是复习上节课所学的重点单词和 短语和课文信息,以便使学生能够灵活熟练地应用;第二个课本重点词汇短语的应用练 习,为了准确地掌握并应用所学的词汇和短语;第三个环节是语法学习,学习一般将来 时的被动语态的结构,通过主动变被动的训练使学生能够熟练地掌握和运用,第四个环 节就是对新讲解的语法——一般将来时被动语态的巩固应用; 第五个环节的作业也是针 对一般将来时被动语态的一个巩固练习,从而做到学以致用。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 学校的理想是:不要让任何一个在智力方面没有受过训练的人进入生活。愚蠢的人 对社会来说是危险的,不管他们受过哪一级的教育。 ——(前苏联)苏霍姆林斯基《给教师的建议》

教案Ⅱ Extensive Reading (Reading and listening)
教学目标 一、知识与技能 1.学习本节出现的重点词汇、短语。 prince,princess,amaze(amazing,amazed),foolish,promise,golden,etc. 2.掌握下面的重点句型 (1)I will only be married to a man who can run faster than me. (2)It was so tall that I had to look up to the sky to see it. (3)There was a man called Hippomenes who was amazed when he heard of Atlanta’s 96

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rules. 二、过程与方法 1.问答式了解学生对课文的理解情况。 2.小组讨论,互助合作。 三、情感、态度与价值观 培养学生的逻辑表述能力和使用应用交流的能力。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 教学重点 1.帮助学生理解文章内容,了解亚特兰大故事的大意和奥林匹克运动在古代的开 端。 2.了解过去的运动员和为什么不允许女性参加奥运会的原因。 教学难点 1.如何提高学生的阅读能力。 2.如何帮助学生搞清课文大意。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 通过阅读,小组讨论把握文章细节。 学法导航 通过阅读、小组讨论写出关于拯救文化遗产的文章。 教学准备 教师准备 录音机、投影仪和一些幻灯片。 学生准备 复习上节课所学语法——一般将来时的被动语态。 教学过程 Step 1 Revision 1. Revise the future passive voice. T:It’s getting cold now. Will you bring or buy some thick clothes to school? Ss:Yes. T:In fact we may also say that because it is getting cold now,some thick clothes... Ss:Some thick clothes will be brought or bought. T:That is to say,some thick clothes will be brought or bought. Sometimes we can use future passive voice to express a future action. Remember the form? Ss:Yes. will/be to/being go to be done. T:Very good. Now let’s check our homework to see how well you grasp the grammar. 2.Check the homework.(Page 49 Ex.1 Choosing the right words and completing the 97

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sentences) Step 2 Reading (Page 51) T:Now do you want to know more about the Olympic Games? Ss:Yes. T:Turn to Page 51.This reading material includes three different topics about the ancient Olympic Games. Now let’s read them one by one. What is the main idea of the first part? (After reading) T:Who can answer this question? S1:It describes the opening ceremony of the ancient Olympic Games. T:Can you describe it in details? S2:First the athletes offered presents to Zeus and prayed to win and to wear the victor’s crown. Then they promised to play fairly and not to cheat. T:That is all for this part. Come to the second part. What is the content of the dialogue? S3:It tells us the training life of a successful athlete and the rewards that he got for winning the match. T:What were the rewards? S4:He received many presents from his hometown:free meals,no money problems for the rest of his life and songs written about him. T:Let’s come to the third material. What was the story about? S5:A woman was discovered in the Olympic Games. She aroused some argument. A law was passed that women were not allowed to take part in the Games. T:Good. Look at the form on Page 52.You can read the material quickly and finish the form. (Give the students enough time to discuss the answers to fill in the form on Page 52.) Check the answers. Keys: 1. Athletes offer presents to the God,they prayed,see the statue of Zeus. 2. The men and young boys. 3. Parts of Greece,Athens and Sparta. 4. Practise for many hours a day,do a lot of exercise to the sound of music. 5. Many presents:Free meals and no money problems as well as songs about him. 6. A woman has been discovered. 7. They let her go,but have decided to pass a law that all trainers must be men. Step 3 Reading (The Story of Atlanta on Page 14) 1. Leading in—Talk about the pictures on Page 14. T:Please turn to Page 14.Look at the first picture. What can you see in it? Ss:Two people. 98

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T:Who is the man? Ss:He is the king. T:What about the girl? Ss:She is his daughter. T:Yes,she is named Atlanta and they are talking about their marriage. Now let’s look at the second picture. This time what can we see here? Ss:We can see a young man and a fairy. T:Good. The man is named Hippomenes and the fairy is the Goddess of Love. We can see the Goddess of Love is giving something to Hippomenes. What is she giving to him? Ss:Some apples. T:Right. In fact she was giving Hippomenes some golden apples. What does golden mean? Ss:It means having the color of gold. T:Good. But why does the Goddess give Hippomenes some golden apples? What are they used for? S1:They are used as food. S2:They are present from the Goddess. S3:They can be used as a large sum of money. ... T:OK,let’s find out what they really for. 2. Getting the general idea Listen to the tape to get the general idea. T:Please listen to the tape carefully to get the general idea. Pay attention to the intonation. If you feel like,read after the tape. T:Who have got the main idea? S4:The story is about Atlanta who races to marry the man who can run faster than her. In order to win the race,Hippomenes asked for help from the Goddess of love. 3. Skimming Get the students to read the story and find the answers to the following questions. (1)Who was Atlanta? (2)What was she good at? (3)Who did she want to marry? (4)How could Hippomenes win Atlanta? T:Now please read the story and try to find the answers to the following four questions. If you come across any unknown words,try to guess their meanings. (After three minutes.) Now have you finished? Ss:Yes. T:Now who can give us the answers to the questions? S5:Miss,let me have a try. I think Atlanta was a Greek princess. 99

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T:Yes or no? Ss:Yes. T:Good. What about the second one? Who can give us an answer? S6:She was good at running. She was not only beautiful but also could run faster than any man in Greece. T:Well done. What about the third one? S7:She wanted to marry a man who could run faster than her. T:Was that possible? Some say yes and some say no. Let’s see the last question. Who can give us an answer? S8:Let me try. He asked for help from the Greek Goddess of Love. The Greek Goddess of Love gave him three golden apples to attract Atlanta’s attention and make her slow down. Step 4 Do Exercises.(True or false) 1. Get the Ss to do the true or false as a competition to check their understanding of the story. If a statement is false,they should tell the reason. (1) Atlanta could run faster than any man.(False. She could run faster than any man in Greece.) (2) At first Hippomenes understood why men ran against Atlanta.(False. At first he couldn’t understand why men ran against Atlanta. He thought those men were foolish to run against Atlanta.) (3) Atlanta was not confident she would win.(False. She was confident.) (4) She was so angry that she could not run in the Olympics.(False. The reason for her not being allowed to run in the Olympic was not that she was angry but that she was a woman. She was angry at the fact that she could not run in the Olympics.) (5) She made as many men as she could share her pain.(False) (6) Her father did not understand her wish to compete.(True) (7) He did not refuse her wish to choose a husband in a race.(True) 2. Explain some important words and sentences. 1. marry vt. A marry B marry A to B A get/be married (to B) n. marriage adj. married 2. amazed=surprised be amazed at sth. be amazed to do sth. be amazed that... amazing=surprising 100

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3. promise vt. promise sth. promise sb. sth. promise (sb.)to do sth. promise sb. that... promise n. make/give a promise keep a promise carry out a promise break a promise Step 5 Assignment T:In this class,we’ve learned more about the Olympic Games and talked about a Greek story in the ancient Olympics—Atlanta’s story. After class,I would like you to read the story fluently and retell the story. 板书展示 Unit 2 The Olympic Games Period 3 Language Points 1.marry vt. A marry B marry A to B A get/be married (to B) n. marriage adj. married 2.amazed=surprised be amazed at sth. be amazed to do sth. be amazed that... amazing=surprising 3.promise vt. promise sth. promise sb. sth. promise (sb.)to do sth. promise sb. that... promise n. make/give a promise keep a promise carry out a promise break a promise 101

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
教学反思 根据本课时的特点,安排了五个环节,第一个环节让学生回顾已学知识,以便更灵 活地应用;第二个环节是阅读训练,提高学生的阅读技巧;第三个环节就是一个这篇文 章的阅读,通过速度和细读两个环节让学生理解课文的大意,可以在写作训练中加以尝 试应用; 第四个环节是对文章中的重点知识点的讲解, 以解决学生在阅读中遇到的困难; 第五个环节是作业布置,进一步巩固所学知识。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 我以为好的先生不是教书,不是教学生,乃是教学生学。教学生学有什么意思 呢?就是把教和学联络起来:一方面要先生负指导的责任,一方面要学生负学习的责 任,对于一个问题,不是要先生拿现成的解决方法来传授学生,乃是要把这个解决方 法如何找来的手续程序,安排停当,指导他,使他以最短的时间,经过相类的经验, 发生相类的理想,自己将这个方法找出来,并且能够利用这种经验理想来找别的方 法,解决别的问题。 ——陶行知:《教学合一》

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第 4 课时
教案Ⅰ Reading, Listening And Writing
教学目标 一、知识与技能 1.Important words and phrases:fine, advertise, bargain, foolish, deserve, one after another 2.To read about the ancient Olympic Games; To listen and talk about hobbies. 3.To learn to imagine and write an ending of an unfinished passage. 二、过程与方法 通过阅读进一步了解奥运会的有关情况, 学会使用谈论兴趣爱好的句式谈论自己的 爱好和兴趣。 三、情感、态度与价值观 培养学生的逻辑表述能力和运用英语交流的能力。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 教学重点 1.The story of Atlanta 2. Writing: Talking about interests and hobbies 教学难点 Teach the students how to write one’s interests and hobbies 教法与学法导航 教法导航 通过阅读,小组讨论把握文章细节。 学法导航 通过阅读、小组讨论写出关于自己最喜爱的运动的文章。 教学准备 教师准备 录音机、投影仪和一些幻灯片。 学生准备 复习上节课所学语法——一般将来时的被动语态,做一些句型转换的训练。 教学过程 Step 1 检查作业 1.Let's check our homework each other. 2.Ask the students to do some change structures’ exercises. 103

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Step 2 课前准备 Warming up by introducing Hi! Class. You know Greece is the world-known country with an ancient civilization. It has a long history with so much marvelous culture. The Greeks had wonderful stories about the Gods and Goddesses who were part of their religion. They believed that these god or goddesses would help humans if they felt sorry for them or if the humans were good people. However, the Gods did not always help. They behaved like people who were unpredictable and capricious. To try to get the support of the Gods people had to pray to them and offer them present. In this story the Goddess Hera, the wife of the chief God, Zeus was sorry for Hippomenes and agreed to help him. Warming up by sharing Now, boys and girls. Is there anybody who can tell us some Greek mythology? You know they are so famous in human history. Or can you speak out some names of Greek Gods and Goddesses. Prometheus 普罗米修斯 —— a son of the former chief God Sphinx 斯芬克斯 —— a being with a human face but a lion body Pandora 潘多拉—— a beautiful girl with every ill and evil thought and deed Zeus 宙斯—— the chief God who governed the world Hera 天后—— the wife of Zeus who governed the love Step 3 阅读训练 1. Reading and judging Read the text THE STORY OF ATLANTA, and complete the True or False guest ions after the text on page 14. 2. Reading and answering Read the text again, and answer the following questions. A. What was Atlanta’s problem? B. What were Atlanta’s rules? C. What was Hippomenes’ amazement? D. What made Hippomenes change his mind? E. Whom did Hippomenes turn to for help? F. Can you guess what the ending was? For reference: A. Atlanta could run faster than any men in Greece. But she was not allowed to run in the Olympic Games. B. She promised to be married to a man who could run faster than her. If he could not run as fast as her, he would be killed. C. Hipppomenes could not understand why so many young men wanted to risk their lives. D. Atlanta’s beauty made him understand his amazement and change his mind. 104

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E. He turned to the Goddess of love for help. F. Hippomenes was killed because of losing his race. G. He ran faster than Atlanta and married her. 3. Reading and underlining Next you are to read and underline all the useful expressions or collocations in the passage. Copy them to your notebook after class as homework. Collocations from THE STORY OF ATLANA be allowed to, run against…, will be pardoned, hear of…,be amazed, as fast as…, change one’s mind, ask… for help from…, promise to, will be relaxed, pick up, be confident about…, share one’s pain, run past…, compete with…, cheap to marry 4. Listening For listening, turn to page 15 and be ready to do exercises 1. First read the questions carefully and imagine what is the listening about. When doing exercise 2, you must make it clear what is wrong with the sentence. And tell the class which is correct, which is wrong and which is only half true. 5. Acting Next we are going to put the text A STORY OF ATLANTA on stage. You know there are four characters in the story. Who would like to be them? Who will be Atlanta’s father, the old king? Who will be the Goddess of Love? Ok. Li Li, you are the Greek princess. Zhang Qiang, you are the brave young man Hippomenes. Lucy, you are the Goddess of Love. Zhou Gang, you are the princess’s father. The rest of class, please prepare it in groups of four. Then act your play before class. A text play of THE STORY OF ATIANTA Time: one morning in spring Place: at the palace People: the old king(K), the princess (A), the young man (H), the Goddess of love (L). F: My dear daughter, you see how beautiful the spring is! You are just like the spring flowers. Why don’t you marry? So many young kings and princess want to marry you, and they are all so rich, smart and nice. A: Oh, dear father. I have promised that I will only be married to a man who can run faster than me. I will run against him. If he cannot run as fast as me, he will be killed. No one will be pardoned. F: But, my dear daughter. No man has won you. They all sent themselves to death. When will you get married? A: I won’t marry unless I am allowed to run in the Olympic Games. (Hippomenes is allowed to come in) H: Oh, my kindest king and my prettiest princess! 105

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I’ll marry the princess. I’ll compete with you. A: Do you know the rules? H: Yes, princess! F: Oh, young man! Go away! You can’t win her. You are only losing your life! H: No, I want a try! F: Foolish thing! Go away! Don’t go to die! (Hippomenes was pushed away and felt sad, crying. The Goddess of Love is watching everything above him in the sky and pities him) L: Oh, young man, what’s the matter? Why are you so sad? H: Oh, my Goddess, can you help me? Can you help me to win the princess and marry her? L: Ok, young man. Do you really want to marry her and love her? H: Of course. She is so beautiful. L: Ok, it is easy. Take these three golden apples. Throw apples in front of Atlanta when she is running past and she will be relaxed. When she stops to pick it up, you will be able to run on and win. H: Oh, thank you, my Goddess! (Hippomenes returns to the palace) K: Well, young man, why are you here again? H: My kindest king. I want to marry her and run against her! K: Well, young man. I repeat. Don’t be silly! Go away! H: No. I love her. I will marry her - or die! 6. Speaking Now, class. Let’s carry out a survey of the interests in the class and write down the names of the classmates who have the same interests. You can carry out the task like this. Which do you like, sport, music or collection? Which of the sports do you like best? What is your favorite sport? Are you interested in table tennis? After the survey, the ones who have the same interests sit together and please work in groups of four to talk about their interest. Why do you like this sport / music / collection? When do you begin to like it? What’s enjoyable about the hobby? What have you learned from the hobby? Step 4 写作:表述观点 1. Writing an imagined dialogue Groups 1 and 2 are going to write an imagined dialogue between the princess and Hippomenes. You may begin like this : Oh, my dear princess, I want to marry you… 106

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2. Writing a description Turn to page 16 and follow the direction to write a description of your favorite hobby. Here is an example: Swimming is my favorite sport. I like it because it can bring me much fun. The process of learning swimming is very interesting. You can try different ways of swimming, such as breaststroke and backstroke. You can swim at any time of the year if you like. In hot summer, if you jump into the river or the sea to have a swim, you’ll feel cool and comfortable. Even in cold winter, you can swim if you are brave enough. It’s a healthy sport and it can build up your body. If you are a beginner, you must be careful. You’d better not swim alone and bring life buoy with you in case of danger. If you want to be a good swimmer, you must have a lot of practice and have great determination. Closing down by finding information Go to the library to read or get online to search in order to find more information on the Olympic Games and the ancient Greek mythology. Take notes of your finding and report to your group mates next Monday morning. Part Two: Teaching Resources Section 1: The writing style of the reading AN INTERVIEW The type of writing Main idea Characteristics Conversational style Comparing the differences between Ancient and Modern Olympics By comparing and contrasting

Step 5 作业布置 1. Do Reading Task in workbook on P51 and the related exercises. 2. Do Writing Task in workbook on P52. Write a report about the interview for a newspaper. 教学反思 根据本课时的特点,安排了五个环节,第一个环节让学生回顾已学知识,以便更灵 活地应用; 第二个环节是准备环节, 减轻学生学习新课的难度; 第三个环节, 是关于“亚 特兰大故事”的小阅读,这篇文章可以对写作起一个指导作业;第四环节就是一个阅读 训练。 通过对阅读中出现的一些写作技巧,可以在这篇写作训练中加以尝试应用;第五个 环节是一个关于写作的训练,通过这些训练可以把所学知识准确地输出出来,对学生语 言的学习来说,这是一个非常重要的环节。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 只要在我国存在文盲现象,那就很难谈得上政治教育……文盲是站在政治之外的, 107

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必须先教他们识字。不识字就不能有政治,不识字只能有流言蜚语、传闻偏见,而没有 政治。 ——(前苏联)列宁《新经济政策和政治教育局的任务》

教案Ⅱ Listening,Speaking and Writing
教学目标 一、知识与技能 1.学会谈论自己的爱好和兴趣。 2.指导学生写一篇关于研究一项爱好所需要的东西。 二、过程与方法 帮助学生学会抓住细节,掌握写信的有关方法。 三、情感、态度与价值观 培养学生的逻辑表述能力和使用应用交流的能力以及书面表达能力。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 教学重点 征求意见常用表达法以及给出建议表达法。 教学难点 学会写信表达自己的看法和观点。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 小组讨论写出一篇文章,在老师的指导下提高自己的写作能力。 学法导航 在老师的指导下提高自己的写作能力,学会写谈论兴趣爱好的报告。 教学准备 教师准备 录音机、投影仪和一些幻灯片。 学生准备 复习上节课所学语法——定语从句,会分析带有定语从句的句子结构。 教学过程 Step 1 Revision Revise the first part of the story of Atlanta. T:Yesterday we learned part of the story of Atlanta. Remember? Ss:Yes. 108

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T:Who was Atlanta? Ss:She was a Greek princess. T:Good. What was she good at? S1:She was good at running. She could run even faster than men in Greece. T:What did she want to do in the story? S2:She wanted to marry a man who can run faster than her. T:Why? S3:Because she was angry at the fact that women were not allowed to take part in the ancient Olympic Games. T:Did any man come to compete against her? S4:Yes. And among the men there was one named Hippomenes. T:Was he sure to win Atlanta? Ss:No. T:So what did he do in order to beat her? S5:He went to the Greek Goddess of Love to ask for help. T:Did the Goddess help him? S6:Yes. She gave him three golden apples to attract Atlanta’s attention. T:Do you think Hippomenes would win the race and marry Atlanta? Ss:Yes/No. T:Some say yes some say no. Let’s listen and find out. Step 2 Listening(Page 15) 1. Predicting the result of the story and getting the general idea. Get the Ss to read the statements in Ex.2 on Page 15 and predict the possible result and content of the story. T:Please open your book and turn to Page 15.Read the statements quickly and guess which can be the possible general idea of the story. T:Now let’s listen to the tape for the first time and try to choose the right answer. (Play the tape for the first time then check the answer.) T:Now did you understand the story? Ss:Yes. T:Who won the race,Atlanta or Hippomenes? Ss:Hippomenes. T:Right. Now let’s see the general idea of the story. Which one is the answer? Why? S7:The fourth one. The first one was wrong because it is only half true. Atlanta races because she does not want to marry anybody less good than herself. The second is wrong because it only tells a part of the story. Atlanta does not agree to marry the man until he wins the race against her. The third one is not quite true. The man did need help to win the race against Atlanta but it was not cheating,as Atlanta had the choice of picking up the apples or not during the race. 109

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T:Very good job. Now let’s come to Ex.1. 2. Arranging the order of the story T:Please read the sentences of quickly and make sure that you understand each of them. Pay attention to the story when you’re listening. (Play the tape for the second time and pause at the key sentences. Then get them to work in pairs and discuss the answer. And then play the tape for the third time for them check their answers. At last get some students to tell their answers and check with the whole class.) (Suggested order:4,11,7,5,1,3,9,6,10,8,2) 3. Listening to the second material (Page 48) 1.Leading-in (talking about the background information on the marathon) T:As we all know that there is an event named marathon in the modern Olympic Games. What about in ancient Olympic Games? Was there such an event? Ss:No,there was not such an event in the ancient Olympic Games. T:Right. The marathon was a modern event that was first introduced in the 1896 Olympic Games. How long a distance does a runner have to cover in the marathon? Do you know? S8:About 40 kilometers. T:Good. In fact the distance of the modern marathon was standardized as 26 miles 385 yards or 42.195 kilometers. Why do we have the event in the modern Olympic Games? Do you have any idea? Ss:I don’t know./I have no idea. T:In fact it is a race to commemorate Pheidippides,an ancient day-runner who carried news of the Persian landing at Marathon to Athens (a distance of 26 miles)in order enlist help for the battle. We are going to hear the story of him. Now please turn to Page 48 and read the background information together. (Ss read in chorus.) 2. Listen for the first time for the general idea. Get the students to listen for the first time and get the general idea. Step 3 Speaking 1. Lead-in Making a Survey on Other’s Interests or Hobbies Show some pictures in which the teacher is doing something she or he likes to arouse the students’ interest. T:Look at these pictures. What am I doing? Ss:Playing table tennis./Playing tennis./Growing flowers./Feeding fish. T:Yes. And they are all my hobbies. What about you? Do you have any hobbies? (Ask some students about their hobbies and the reason for their liking. Get the students to ask their classmates about their interests or hobbies.) 110

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T:Now I would like you to know more about your classmates. Please go around the classroom and interview at least 5 students about their hobbies and finish the form. The first student to finish the interview shall get a reward.
Name Student 1 Student 2 Student 3 Student 4 Student 5 Hobbies Why to like it

Suggested expressions: What is your favorite hobby? Why do you like it? (like/love/enjoy/prefer/be interested in/be crazy about) What is enjoyable about the hobby? What good(好处)does it do to you? Get some students to report their interview. 2. Get the students who have the same hobbies sit together and work in groups of four to talk about their interests. T:The students who have the same hobbies sit together and please work in groups of four to talk about your interests. At the same time,everyone should record what others say. Ask each other these questions: Why do you like this sport/music/collecting stamp? What is enjoyable about the hobby? Why do you like this sport/music/collecting stamp? What good(好处)does it do to you? What do you need for this hobby? What do you need to do to improve the hobby? What have you learned from the hobby? What difficulty might you have about the hobby? Step 4 Writing Now you know a lot about your hobby. You know what is enjoyable about this hobby, what do you need for this hobby,what do you need to do to improve the hobby,what can be learned from the hobby and what difficult you might have about the hobby. Now I would like you to write an article about your favorite hobby,try to make it well and clearly organized. Before that I will give you a sample. Swimming is my favorite sport. I like it because it can bring me much fun. The process of learning swimming is very interesting. You can try different ways of swimming,such as breaststroke and backstroke. You can swim at any time of the year if you like. In hot summer,if you jump into the river or the sea to have a swim,you will feel cool and comfortable. Even in cold winter,you can swim if you are brave enough. It’s a healthy 111

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sport and it can build up our body. If you’re a beginner,you must be careful. You’d better not swim alone and bring life buoy with you in case of danger. If you want to be a good swimmer,you must have a lot of practice and have great determination. Explain why this can be a sample(the topic sentence,the organization and transitional words) Then ask them to write a draft in consideration of the discussion. After they finish, exchange their drafts and find some mistakes for each other. At last show some of their drafts on the slide , pointing out the mistakes and appreciating the beautiful sentences. Step 5 Summary T:Time is running out. We have to stop here .Today we talked about our hobbies. A hobby can make our life more interesting and colorful. I hope everyone of you can develop some hobbies and keep them. Step 6 Homework Check their compositions again and write one. Sum up what we have learnt in this unit. 板书展示 Unit 2 The Olympic Games Period 5 Suggested expressions: What is your favorite hobby? Why do you like/love/enjoy/prefer/be interested in/be crazy about it? What is enjoyable about the hobby? Why do you like this sport/music/collecting stamp? What good(好处)does it do to you? What do you need for this hobby? What do you need to do to improve the hobby? What have you learned from the hobby? What difficulty might you have about the hobby? 教学反思 根据本课时的特点,安排了六个环节,第一个环节让学生回顾已学知识,以便更灵 活地应用;第二个环节是听力训练,通过听指导学生如何有效地听到所听的内容;第三 环节,是说的训练,是口语表达的环节,设计这一步是为了让学生用所学表达兴趣爱好 的表达法来表达自己的观点;第四环节就是一个关于写作的训练,通过这些训练可以把 所学知识准确地输出出来,对学生语言的学习来说,这是一个非常重要的环节;第五个 环节是小结,巩固所学内容,以便真正地掌握这些知识。第六个环节是布置作业。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 112

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教育格言 如果学生不能筹划他自己解决问题的方法(自然不是和教师、同学隔绝,而是和他 们合作进行) ,自己寻找出路,他就即使他能背出一些正确的答案,百分之百正确,他 还是学不到什么。 ——美国教育家 杜威(1859~1952): 《民主主义与教育》

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第 5 课时
教案Ⅰ Summing up,Learning Tips,Checking Yourself
教学目标 一、知识与技能 解决本单元的重点知识点和学生作业和测试中出现的问题。 二、过程与方法 教师点拨,学生分析自己的错误,合作和询问解决个人存在的问题。 三、情感、态度与价值观 培养学生的自学能力和合作探究的能力。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 教学重点 学生测试卷中出现和仍然存在的难题、问题。 教学难点 写作方法的指导,学生习作的批阅。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 合作探究 学法导航 发现问题,合作探究。 教学准备 教师准备 提前批阅学生习作,找出优秀者。 学生准备 提前把优秀的习作发给学生,让学生自己在全班同学面前朗读,表示对这个学生的 认可和鼓励。 教学过程 Step 1 测试(20 minutes) Step 2 作文评讲。 1.List some errors made by the students and do the analysis. 2.Discuss how to avoid the careless mistakes in writing. 3.Ask the groups to exchange their writings and give advice to each other about it. 4.Read one or two compositions as good samples. 教学反思 114

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1.Warming Up 过程根据教学需要,可以在单元开始或结束时进行。 2.每节课的目的都应该有所侧重,每个环节的作用也应有所不同,不要面面俱到, 一些“热身”活动应该轻轻带过,否则就不能控制课堂的时间。 3.写作的每一步骤都要到位,养成良好的写作习惯,特别要强调书写。 4. 要加强学生在英语学习当中对词性、语态、时态的重视,体会英语和汉语在这 三方面的不同。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 教师应该善于挖掘孩子的潜能,培养他们包括学习能力在内的多方面能力。

教案Ⅱ Assessment
教学目标 一、知识与技能 解决本单元的重点知识点和学生作业和测试中出现的问题。 二、过程与方法 教师点拨,学生分析自己的错误,合作和询问解决个人存在的问题。 三、情感、态度与价值观 培养学生的自学能力和合作探究的能力。 学情分析 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 教学重点与难点 教学重点 学生测试卷中出现和仍然存在的难题、问题。 教学难点 写作方法的指导,学生习作的批阅。 教法与学法导航 教法导航 问答式提问,合作探究。 学法导航 发现问题,合作探究,完成测试内容。 教学准备 教师准备 115

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提前批阅学生习作,找出优秀者。 学生准备 提前把优秀的习作发给学生,让学生自己在全班同学面前朗读,表示对这个学生的 认可和鼓励。 教学过程 Step 1 Greetings T:Good morning,my boys and girls. Ss:Good morning,Miss. Step 2 Revision T:So far we have finished this unit, what is it about ? Ss:It’s about the Olympic Games especially the ancient and modern Olympic Games. T:Terrific. Step 3 Assessment T:Today we are going to see how hard you worked and how much more you know about the Olympic Games. 非测试性评价 Read the following chart carefully and then work together with your partners to complete the assessments.
Goals Rating items Self-rating A. have become more interested;and want to know I ______ in the topic of About the theme this unit ______ the Olympic Games. more about B. am always interested;and I have known more about C. am not very interested;but I have learned some basic knowledge of I _____ the Comprehending ability similarities and A. can make an oral differences between the ancient and modern Olympic Games. 1.I ______ to talk about my interests and hobbies and express my agreement and Oral ability disagreement. 2.I______ discussing hobbies and making a training plan for a competition ; I ______ make myself understood. presentation of B. can list some of C. only know a few of 1.A.know how B. can use some of the expressions in this unit C. still find it hard 2.A. enjoy;can B. like;don’t always C. don’t like;can hardly

He-rating

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续上表 A. have grasped Grammar I ______ the simple future passive. B. have some difficulties in using C. don’t know how to use Vocabulary I can ______ the words and expressions in this unit. A. correctly use B. correctly use some of C. correctly use a few of A. have successfully completed most of Comprehensive I ______ the tasks and activities in this unit. B. have difficulties in completing some of C. was unable to complete most of I Attention& Cooperation in Class found it ______ to A. enjoyable; benefit a lot from B. a bit difficult ; need to improve C. rather hard;don’t want to continue Amount of knowledge and skills covered and digested A. All B. About 80% C. About 50% D. Less than 20% Frequency of practicing the learned materials in this unit Full Understanding and Enjoyment after Class A. Everyday B. Every other day C. Every 3-4 days D. every 5 days or more After learning this unit,you find your ability in listening,speaking,reading and writing have been ______ improved. A. fully B. partially C. slightly D. not complete the tasks with my partners and we ______ our cooperation.

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测试性评价 Ⅰ.单词拼写 in the 2004 Athens Olympic 1. The Chinese delegation has won 32 gold m Games. 2. A from all over the world will come to attend the Games every four years. Mike as captain of the team. 3. Mr. King has r with the boss of the company he wants to work in. 4. Tom will have an i . 5. Mary was not at home,so her son acted as h 6. It is an ______ (荣誉)for me to be invited to your birthday party. 7. He was in ______ (竞争)with ten others,so he did well to win the race. 8. Printing was invented by the ______ (古代)Chinese Bi Sheng. 9. He has ______ (承认)breaking the glass of the classroom window. 10. If you make a ______ (诺言),you should try to keep it. Keys : 1.medals 2.Athletes 3.replaced 4.interview 5.host 6.honor 7.competition 8.ancient 9.admitted 10.promise Ⅱ.句型转换 1. A:Are you going to take part in the discussion? B:Are you going to ______ us ______ the discussion? 2. A:The story happened in October in New York. B:The story ______ ______ in October in New York. 3. A:The pop singer will hold a concert tomorrow. B:A concert ______ ______ ______ by the pop singer tomorrow. 4. A:We haven’t decided when and where to build the new factory. B:When and where to build the new factory ______ ______ ______ yet. 5. A:Tom earns 1000 yuan a month while Mary earns 10000 a month. B:Mary earns ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ that Tom earns. Keys:1.join,in 2.took place 3.will be held 4.is not decided 5.ten times as much as Ⅲ.完成句子 1. ______ ______ (举办)the Olympic is a rich prize for a country. 2. This is ______ ______ ______ (这就是)he was late. 3. 只有达到参赛标准,所有的国家都可以参加奥运会。 All countries can take part if they reach the standard to ______ ______ ______ the game. 4. 无票者不准进入体育馆。 The person without tickets are not ______ ______ enter the stadium. Keys:1.To host/hold 2.the reason why 3.be admitted to 4.allowed to Ⅳ.A quiz about the Olympic Games 1. This is the name of the country where the Olympic Games began in ancient 118

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
times.What is it? 2. This is a large building in which many sports events are held.What is it? 3. This is a hot season of the year in which the Olympic Games are held.What is it? 4. This is a cold season of the year in which the Olympic Games are held.What is it? 5. This word is the number of the rings in the Olympic flag.What is it? 6. This is an award given to the top three winners in each event in the Olympic Games.What is it called? 7. The top athlete in each event receives an object coated with this metal.What is the metal called? 8. The second-best athlete in each event receives an object coated with this metal.What is the metal called? 9. The third-best athlete in each event receives an object coated with this metal.What is the metal called? 10. What do you call the sportsmen and sportswomen in the summer Olympics? Keys:A quiz about the Olympic Games 1.Greece 2.stadium 3.summer 4.winter 5.five 6.medal 7.gold 8.sliver 9.bronze 10.athletes/competitors 板书展示 Unit 2 The Olympic Games Period 5 1.Greece 2.stadium 3.summer 4.winter 5.five 6.medal 7.gold 8.sliver 9.bronze 10.athletes/comepetitors 教学反思 他们的认知能力比初中阶段有了进一步的发展,渐渐形成用英语获取信息、处理信 息、分析问题和解决问题的能力,因此我特别注重提高学生用英语进行思维和表达的能 力。他们学习英语方法由死记硬背转型向理解型并应用到交际上,他们有自己的学习技 能和策略,学会把语言学习与现实生活和兴趣联系起来。通过任务型课堂活动和学习, 学生的学习自主性得到加强,不再认为英语的课堂学习很枯燥,主动参与到活动中去, 成为课堂的主体,同时也加强了与他人交流合作的能力。他们会对课文内容提出自己的 疑惑和勇于阐述见解, 并且从课内知识拓展到课外, 通过多种渠道获取学习资源。 不过, 本班学生的水平参差不齐,有些差距还相当大。因此在教学过程中,布置的任务要兼顾 各个层次的学生,使他们都有所收获。 教后反思 _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ 教育格言 一个人在学校里表面上的成绩,以及较高的名次,都是靠不住的,唯一的要点是你 对于你所学的是否心里真正觉得很喜欢, 是否真有浓厚的兴趣……必须符合人的天性及 119

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
其发展的规律。这是任何教学的首要的、最高的规律。——只教给学生以最本质的、最 主要的东西,才能切切实实地掌握这种教材,使它不可磨灭地铭记在学生的记忆里。 ——第斯多惠:《德国教师教育指南》 附:备课素材 I. Events of the Modern Olympic Games Archery, Baseball, Badminton, Basketball, Beach, Volleyball, Boxing, Canoe/Kayak, Cycling, Diving, Equestrian, Fencing, Field Hockey, Gymnastics, Handball, Judo, Modern Pentathlon, Rowing, Sailing, Shooting, Soccer, Softball, Swimming, Synchronized Swimming, Table Tennis, Tennis, Tae kwon do, Track & Field, Triathlon, Volleyball, Water Polo, Weightlifting, Wrestling II. Olympic Traditions The Olympic Anthem The Olympic anthem was written by the Greek national poet Costis Palamas and composed by Greek musician Splros Samaras. It was first sung at the 1896 Games. The IOC adopted it as the official Olympic anthem to crown Olympic ceremonies at the 1958 IOC Session in Tokyo. The Olympic Motto The Olympic motto “swifter, higher, stronger” comes from three Latin words “citus, altius, forties”, which actually mean“ faster, higher, braver”. The French educator, Baron Rerre de Coubertin, who revived the ancient Olympic Games and in 1896 led the first modern Olympic Games in Athens, borrowed the phrase from a Dominican priest Henri Dinon. Mr. Dinon introduced these words while presenting athletic prizes at a college in 1891. But how did these words become the motto of the Olympic Games? It was Michel Breal who introduced this phrase at the closing dinner of the congress for the reestablishment of the modern Olympic Games on June 23, 1894. Later, the International Olympic Committee formally adopted this phrase as the official motto of the Games. The Olympic Creed The Olympic creed was also introduced at the 1896 Games. As stated by Pierre de Coubertin, the creed is as follows:“ The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not to win but to take part, just as the most important thing in life is not the triumph but the struggle. The essential thing is not to have conquered but to have fought well.” The Olympic Flag It was Pierre de Coubertin who conceived the idea of the Olympic flag with five colored interlocking rings on a white back round. The rings represent the union of the five continents and the meeting of the athletes from all around the world at the Olympic Games. Today, almost a century after the flag’s creation, the six colors, those of the rings (blue, yellow, black, green, red) and that of the white background which stands for peace, still maintain their symbolism and can be found in flags across the world. The Olympic flag was first used during the Antwerp Games in 1920. 120

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
The Olympic Oath “In the name of all the competitors, I promise that we shall take part in these Olympic Games, respecting and abiding by the rules which govern them, in the true spirit of sportsmanship, for the glory of sport and the honor of our teams.” At the opening Ceremony of each Games, one athlete from the host country takes Olympic oath on behalf of all competing athletes. This particular gesture of sportsmanship was introduced at the 1920 Games in Antwerp, Belgium. A coach or team official takes a similar oath at each Opening Ceremony. The Olympic Flame The Olympic flame is one of the most visible symbols of the modern Games. Its tradition has survived from the Games of ancient Greece, where a sacred flame, ignited by the sun, burned continually on the altar of the goddess Hera. The modern Olympic flame was first lit in 1928 at the Amsterdam Olympic Games, where it burned throughout the competitions. It has become a major symbol for solidarity among nations and embodies the Olympic spirit encompassing the ideals of purity, the endeavor for perfection, the struggle for victory, friendship and peace. The Torch Relay During the 1896 Games in Athens, young inspired sportsmen had organized the first torch relays. However, the tradition of the Olympic torch officially began at the Berlin Games in 1936. As in ancient times, the torch is lit by the sun in Ancient Olympia, and then passed from runner to runner in a relay to the host city, where it is used to light the Olympic Stadium’s flame during the Games’ Opening Ceremony. The flame then burns until it is extinguished at the Closing Ceremony.

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单元测试题
(满分 100 分) 第I卷
Ⅰ. 单项填空(共 15 小题,满分 15 分) 从 A, B, C, D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. John is not here today. Who can _____ him in the game? A. replace B. take the place C. instead of D. in place of 2. _____ the danger from enemy action, people had to cope with a severe shortage of food, clothing, fuel, and almost everything. A. As far as B. As well as C. As long as D. As soon as 3. Please write on _____line to make it clear. A. each other B. every other C. each second D. every two 4. —How long have they _____? —They _____ more than twenty years ago. A. got married; were married B. been married ; got married C. married ; married D. got married; got married 5. Hundreds of jobs _____ if the factory closes. A. lose B. will be lost C. are lost D. will lose 6. He is said to _____to his country because a new president comes into power. A. be allowed to return B. allow to return C. allow returning D. be allowed returning 7. We can't____ other countries in trade if we don't develop our national economy. A. compete for B. compete against C.catch up D.catch with 8. —What field will your son go into after graduation from Nanjing University ? —I'm not quite sure, but he _____ a good teacher of English. A. promises B. becomes C. makes D. proves 9. At this time tomorrow _____ over the Atlantic. A. we' re going to fly B. we' 11 be flying C. we'll fly D. we are to fly 10. Kathy _____ a lot of Spanish by playing with the native boys and girls. A. picked up B. took up C. made up D. turned up 11. My grandpa was in the Red Army, and he____ the Long March. A.joined B.attended C.took part in D.took 12. —How much does a short-wave radio cost? —Sorry. I'm not sure. I’ll _____and tell you tomorrow. A. find B. know C. understand D. find out 13. They gave a banquet (宴会)____the Britain. A. in honor of B. in an honor of C. in honor to D. in honor 122

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
14. We must_____ oil with coal as a fuel. A. substitute B. replace C. take the place of D. give way to 15. The Mississippi River is longer than _____ in Europe. A. any river B. any other river C. any other rivers D. all the rivers Ⅱ. 完形填空(共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给的四个选项中,选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 One evening Mr. Green was driving his car along a lonely country road. He had 16 10,000 from the bank in the city. Suddenly a man 17 rags stopped him and asked for 18 . Mr. Green told him to get on and continued his way. 19 he talked to the man, he learned that he had just broken out of 20 . Mr. Green was very afraid at the 21 of the money. Suddenly he saw a police-car and then had a 22 idea. He 23 on the gas and drove as quickly as possible. Then he found the police-car running after him. After about ten minutes 24 the police-car got beyond and stopped him. A policeman came up. Mr. Green had 25 to tell him about the trouble but the man put a gun to Mr. Green's 26 . The policeman said he wanted Mr. Green's name and 27 and Mr. Green obeyed. The policeman wrote it down in his notebook and put it in his 28 . “You 29 appear at the police station,” he said. Then he talked to Mr. Green about 30 driving. Mr. Green started up his car again. He had 31 all of his hope of ~ 10,000; but as he reached a more lonely part, the robber said he wanted to 32 . Mr. Green stopped and the man said,“ 33 . You've been 34 to me. And this is what I can do in 35 .”With these words, he handed Mr. Green the policeman's notebook, which was stolen while the policeman was talking to Mr. Green. 16. A. taken B. held C. brought D. drawn 17. A. with B. in C. on D. by 18. A. money B. help C. a lift D. ride 19. A. As B. Since C. Then D. Because 20. A. police B. bank C. prison D. danger 21. A. sight B. idea C. touch D. thought 22. A. serious B. fast C. bright D. useful 23. A. stepped B. handed C. sped up D. took up 24. A. or so B. and so C. and so on D. or so on 25. A. managed B. begged C. asked D. hoped 26. A. head B. shoulder C. back D. neck 27. A. number B. home C. place D. address 28. A. car B. pocket C. hand D. trousers 29. A. shall B. may C. would D. need 30. A. careful B. fast C. careless D. dangerous 31. A. given out B. given away C. given up D. given m 32. A. run away B. break away C. set out D. get out 123

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
33. A. I' m sorry B. You’re welcome C. That’s all right D. Thank you 34. A. kind B. polite C. known D. necessary 35. A. all B. fact C. return D. exchange Ⅲ. 阅读理解(共 15 小题,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文。从每题所给的四个选项中,选出最佳选项(每小题 2 分,满分 20 分) 。 A Three months ago, my brother Steve and his wife Ruby were going to spend a two-week holiday. They didn't want to leave their pet Rex alone, so I offered to come and look after him even though I had never kept a pet myself. I came a day earlier in the hope that Rex could get used to me being around. Rex was the type of pet that loved only his mommy and daddy people. He had his way of letting me know that I was not his owner and that I could serve him only when he needed me to. Steve and Ruby left at 4 am the next day to go to the airport when it was storming out. That night I went to bed, alone in a strange house and bed. I tosses and turned(辗转反侧) and finally fell asleep. Rex was sitting quietly, with his eyes looking around. It seemed as if he was checking if there was any mouse in the house. Suddenly I had a strange feeling that someone was watching me. Someone was there! I could hear him breathing! I slowly opened my eyes and there were eyes staring at me, from the top of my pillow(枕头). I screamed with fear. A second later, I found it was Rex. He stretched, walked across my body and then curled up (蜷缩) on the foot of the bed. I could see he was smiling at me. It took me a while to go back to sleep that night. The five-month-old fellow and I became good friends after that first night alone. I miss the days when we stayed together, and I often go to visit him at weekends. 36. According to the passage, Rex most probably refers to a _____. A. dog B. cat C. rabbit D. chick 37. The author came over to her brother's house a day earlier ______. A. to help Steve and Ruby to make preparations for their trip B. in order that Rex could get used to her living in the house C. because there would be a storm the next day D. so that she could spend some time with Steve and Ruby before their trip 38. The author couldn't fall asleep at first because______. A. she was afraid that someone would break into the house B. Rex made a lot of noise C. she was not used co sleeping in a strange place alone D. she was not sleepy at all 39. We can learn from the passage that _____. 124

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
A. the author knew how to look after a pet well because she had kept one before B. Rex liked the author when he first met her C. Rex was eight months old when the author wrote the passage D. someone entered the house while the author was sleep that night

B Do you go to the gym? When I walk through the streets of New York, I pass strange rooms where people are doing strange things. Some are biking madly. Others are holding metal bars to keep them from dropping down. Still others are jumping around while someone is shouting at them. But what is the most amazing is that people pay for these sufferings! The strange rooms are gyms. It is reported that some 41 million Americans are gym members. 12% of memberships are signed in January, as they decided to knock off the holiday fat. Maybe it is good to exercise in the gym. However, should they know they can keep in good shape, spending little money, would they still agree with its necessity? At the age of 23, I joined a gym. I lifted weights twice a week in Muscle's Gym. I paid as little as $200 per year. Too often, the gym is fancy (花哨的) with lots of equipment. They did this just in order to put pressure on you to spend much money joining the gym and becoming a member there. Working out with the help of equipment at home has problems, too. In the early 2000s, I bought a spinning bike(动感单车)at a cost of $700 for home use. I tried a few workouts only to find that it brought me a neck problem. Now I'm back to my old way. I do Yoga(瑜伽)on my living room floor every morning and evening. Total cost: $60 for an exercise mat. I'm enjoying fitness. 40. The strange rooms are places where people ______. A. do strange things B. suffer from great pains C. play Dante's Inferno D. take physical exercise 41. In the author's opinion, joining a gym nowadays is____. A. exciting B. inexpensive C. unnecessary D. helpful 42. The author wrote something about Muscle's Gym to ______. A. te11 us he was fat when he was young B. suggest a new way of losing weight C. provide us with an example of gyms D. compare it with the gyms of today 43. The author will possibly agree that_____ . 125

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
A. working out in gyms will bring a lot of sufferings B. to be a fitness consultant can bring in a lot of money C. taking up Yoga at home is a good way to keep healthy D. you should buy good equipment if you exercise at home

C Money is nowhere near the top of the list when American young people are asked what makes them happiest. According to a survey by the Associated Press and MTV, only l percent of the young people name money as the thing that gives them the most joy. Spending time with their parents ranks the first, followed by staying with friends. But the survey has also shown that money can certainly help and does have a great effect on people’s life. Although the majorities are happy with the way their life is going on, money still ranks as their fourth highest source of stress and 55 percent say there are many things they can't afford. It is true that many people expect to have a good family, But they also hope to have no financial(财政的) worries. 18-year-old Theresa Pacletti, a college student from Spencerport, New York, said, “When I grow up, I wait to have a family and be able to support it. If I don't get rich I won’t complain, but it' s always nice to have money.” Financial worries increased with age in the survey, with four in ten of those aged 21 to 24 considering money as their major problem, twenty times more than those aged 13 to 15. Madelyn Dancy, 15, said,“ I know I don’t have everything I want, but my mom still tries to give them to me. If I did get everything, I wouldn't value them that much.” 44. What does the first sentence of the passage show? A. today' s American young people don’t care about money. B. Money is the last thing that makes American young people happy. C. Money does not bring the greatest happiness to American young people. D. American young people today are living a richer life than before. 45. In the survey conducted by the Associated Press and MTV, kids aged 13 - 15 _____ . A. cared about money more than older ones did B. didn't have as much financial pressure as older ones C. depended too much on their parents D. thought study was what they should consider instead of money 46. The main idea of the passage is chat _____ . A. money can't buy people happiness, but it’s nice to have it B. for most American young people, financial pressure is what troubles them most C. for American young people, money is much less important than spending time with their family 126

人教版新课标普通高中◎英语② 必修
D. money can't buy whatever people want

D Some people believe that international sport brings about good will between the nations and that if countries play games together they will learn to live together. Others say that the opposite is true:Those international contests encourage false national pride and lead to misunderstanding and hatred. There is probably some truth in both arguments, but in recent years the Olympic Games have done little to support the view that sport encourages international brotherhood. Not only was there the terrible incident with the murder of athletes, but the Games were also ruined by those incidents caused mainly by minor national contests. One country received its second-place medal with great anger after the hockey final. There had been noisy scenes at the end of the hockey match, the losers objecting to the final decision they were certain that one of their goals should not have been dismissed and that the opposite side’s victory was unfair. Their manager was angry when he said:“This wasn't hockey. Hockey and the International Hockey Society are finished”. The president of the society said later that such words could result in the pause of the team for at least three years. The American basketball team announced that they would not give away first place to Russia, after a fighting end to their contest. The game had ended in quarrel. It was thought at first that the United States had won, by a single point, but it was announced that there were three seconds still to play. A Russian player then threw the ball from one end of the court to the other, and another player beat it into the basket. It was the first time the USA had ever lost an Olympic basketball match. The judges discussed the matter for four and a half hours before announcing that the result would stand The American players then decided not to receive the silver medals. Incidents of this kind will continue as long as sport is played for honors or money rather than for the love of the game. The suggestion that sportsmen should compete as individuals, or in non-national teams, might be too much to hope for. But in the present organization of the Olympics there is far too much that encourages dangerous nationalism. 47. According to the author, recent Olympic Games have_____. A. brought about good will between the nations B. made only false national pride C. hardly showed any international friendship D. led to more and more misunderstanding and hatred 48. What did the manager mean by saying, “… Hockey and the International Hockey Society are finished”? A. His team would no longer take part in international games. B. Hockey and the society are both ruined by the unfair decisions. C. There should be no more hockey matches organized by the society. 127

教师备课系统──多媒体教案
D. The society should be dismissed. 49. The author gives the two examples in Paragraphs 2 and 3 to show_____ . A. how false national pride leads to undesirable incidents in international games B. that sportsmen have been more troublesome than they used to be C. that competitiveness in the games discourages international friendship D. that unfair decisions are common in Olympic Games 50. What conclusion can be drawn from the passage? A. The organization of the Olympic Games must be improved. B. Athletes should compete as individuals in the Olympic Games. C. Sport should be played competitively rather than for the love of the game. D. International contests lead to misunderstanding between nations.

第 II 卷
I. 阅读表达 (共 10 题,每题 2 分,共 10 分) What If I Don't Like Sports? Not everyone likes organized sports or team sports. If this sounds like you, don't sweat it. We're going to talk about what keeps some kids from liking sports. With a few changes, you might find out that there is a sport out there that you could like. But if not, we'll suggest other fun ways to stay active. Sometimes, kids feel that they ___________ because they may not understand how to play them or they haven't had much practice doing them. People spend many years learning about favorite sports and practicing how to do them well. So don't feel bad if you don't know the difference between a“corner kick” and a “goal kick” in soccer. If you want to learn more about a sport, you might ask your mom or dad about camps or programs that introduce kids to new sports. These may be better than just joining a team that starts playing games right away without much explaining first. Gym class and intramural(校内的)programs at school also can be a way to try new sports with a mix of kids. Another way to learn about a sport is to watch instructional videos or DVDs or check out library books that explain the rules and offer suggestions for kids learning to play them. If you have an older friend or family member who's good at a sport, you might ask him or her to help you practice. Some sports are just good to understand, even if you never want to play on a competitive team. 1. List three ways to try new sports. (Please answer within 30 words.) (1) _____________ (2)_____________ (3)___________ 2. What is the best title of this passage ? (Please answer within 5 words) ___________________________________________________________________________ 128


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