高二英语上学期期末测试（八） 本试卷满分 120 分 一 ．单项填空（２０分） 1. — Be sure to accomplish your task on time. — we finish it ahead of schedule? Any prize? A．What if B．As if C．Even if D．Only if 2． Qiang caught Li sig
ht of Wang Ping in the hovering carriage again and no time he flew after his friend. A．a; in B．/; at C．a; at D．/; in 3． customs differ from country to country may reflect the cultural differences from one aspect. A．What B．That C．Where D．Which 4． for the terrible accident, as the public thought, the mayor felt nervous and was at a loss what to do. A．Having blamed B．To be blamed C．Blaming D．Blamed 5．Not once since my son went to school traveling with him. A．had I gone B．have I gone C．I have gone D．I had gone 6．It to do exercises in the morning for our health. A．makes sense B．makes no difference C．makes contributions D． makes appointments 7．— Ugh, what a mess! You need to clean the room right now, lazybones! — But the exam is approaching! A．constantly B．mildly C．thoroughly D．previously 8．The phone rang and I it . A．took; up B．picked; up C．speeded; up D．swept; up 9．Elder brother as he is, he is to assist his sisters with study. A．unbearable B．uncertain C．unwilling D．unusual 10．The chief editor demanded that the article immediately. A．submitted B．was submitted C．submits D．be submitted 11. — Shall I hold the bandage with tape? — Yes, but you put butter, oil or ointment on burns as they may cause infection. A．in the place, needn’t B．in place, mustn’t C．in the place, can’t D．in place, oughtn’t 12．His son is very naughty and has got into some bad habits. I think he should . A．cure them of him B．cure him of them C．cure them off him D．cure him off them 13．There have been cases some English learners can’t get their message across even though they have memorized a lot of words. A．which B．when C．where D．what 14．The greatest tourist of all is London with its museums, art collections, theaters, parks and buildings. A．addition B．administration C attraction D．attention 15．In front of our village . A．runs a river B．a river runs C．does a river run D．running a river 16The students _____ busily when Miss Brown went to get a book she _____ in the office. A had written; left B. were writing; has left C. had written; had left D. were writing; had left 17 If you _________ to the teacher attentively, you ______ how to work out this question now. A. had listened, would have known B. listened, would know C. listened , would have known D. had listened, would know 18 The British teachers didn’t know what Thanksgiving Day was held ________.
A. in celebration of B. in search of C. in case of D. in spite of 19 Having no children of their own, they decided to______ an orphan from the earth-stricken area. A adopt B. adjust C. adapt D. admire 20 He never complains about anything even if he fails. He is always _______. A optimistic B. energetic C. secure D. Severe 二 ： 完型填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） There are many kinds of friends. Some are always 21 you, but don 't understand you. Some say only a few words to you, but understand you. Many people will step in your life, but only 22 friends leave footprints. I shall always recall (回忆) the autumn and the girl with the 23 . She will always bring back the friendship between us. I know she will always be my best friend. It was the golden season. I could see the yellow leaves 24 with the cool 25 . In such a season, I liked walking alone in the leaves, 26 to the sound of them. Autumn is a 27 season but life is uninteresting to me. The boring days always get me 28 . But one day, the sound of a violin 29 into my ears like a stream (小溪) flowing in the mountains. I was so surprised that I jumped to see what it was. A young girl, standing in the wind, was 30 in playing her violin. I had 31 seen her before. The music was so nice that I listened quietly. Lost in the music, I didn't know that I had been 32 there for so long but my existence did not seem to disturb her. Leaves were still falling. Every day 33 she played the violin in the corner of the building，I went downstairs to watch her performance. I was the only listener. The autumn seemed no longer lonely and life became 34 . 35 we didn't know each other, I thought we were already good friends. I believe she also loved me. Autumn was nearly over. One day, when I was listening carefully, the sound suddenly 36 . To my astonishment, the girl came over to me. ―You must like violin.‖ she said. ―Yes. And you play very well. Why did you stop?‖ I asked. Suddenly, a 37 expression appeared on her face and I could feel something unusual. ―I came here to see my grandmother, but now I must leave. I once played very badly. It was your listening every day that 38 me.‖ she said. ―In fact, it was your playing 39 gave me a meaningful autumn,‖ I answered, ―Let's be friends.‖ The girl smiled, and so did I. I never heard her play again in my life. I no longer went downstairs to listen like before. Only thick leaves were left behind. But I will always remember the fine figure of the girl. She is like a 40 —so short, so bright, like a shooting star giving off so much light that it makes the autumn beautiful. 21 A. with B. for C. against D. to 22 A. good B. true C. new D. old 23 A. sound B. song C. play D. violin 24 A. shaking B. hanging C. falling D. floating 25 A. wind B. snow C. air D. rain 26 A. watching B. listening C. seeing D. hearing 27 A. lively B. lovely C. harvest D. lonely
28 A. up B. off C. down D. over 29 A. flowed B. grew C. entered D. ran 30 A. lost B. active C. busy D. interested 31 A. once B. never C. often D. usually 32 A. waiting B. stopping C. standing D. hearing 33 A. because B. so C. when D. but 34 A. interesting B. moving C. encouraging D. exciting 35 A. But B. However C. Even D. Though 36 A. stopped B. began C. gone D. changed 37 A. happy B. sad C. strange D. surprised 38 A. surprised B. excited C. encouraged D. interested 39 A. that B. which C. it D. who 40 A. song B. dream C. fire D. Sister 三 ：阅读理解（共 20 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） A The sea looks very beautiful when the sun is shining on it. It can be very terrible when there is a strong wind. The sea is very big . It covers three quarters of the earth. The sea is also very deep in some places. There is one place. The sea is about 11 kilometers deep there. The highest mountain in the world is about 9 kilometers high. If that mountain was put into the sea at that place ,there would still be 2 kilometers of water above it! In most parts of the sea, there are a lot of fishes and plants. Some live near the surface of the sea. Others live deep down. There are also a lot of small living things and lots of fish live by eating them. The sea can be very cold. When people go down, the sea becomes colder and colder. Only some men can go down into the deep sea. But, in 1970,five women scientists lived in the deep sea for fourteen days . 41. The sea is usually beautiful when it is___________. A. silent B. windy C. sunny D. rainy 42. The sea covers _________ of the earth. A. 1/3 B. 2/3 C. 1/4 D. 3/4 43. If we put the highest mountain in the world into the deepest parts of the sea,________. A. we can still see the sea water B. we can hardly see the sea water C. we can still see the top of the mountain D. there is still 2 kilometers of mountain above the sea 44. The underlined word ―them’’ refer to _________. A. fishes B. plants C. water D. small living things 45. Which of the following is RIGHT? A. The sea looks terrible when it is cloudy. B. The highest mountain in the world is about 11 kilometers high. C. Under the sea ,the deeper the colder. D. In 1970, five American scientists lived in the deep sea for 15days. B When Paul was a boy growing up in Utah, he happened to live near a copper smelter(炼铜厂), and the chemicals that poured out had made a wasteland out of what used to be a beautiful forest. One day a young visitor looked at this wasteland and called it an awful area. Paul knocked him down.
From then on, something happened inside him. Years later Paul was back in the area, and he went to the smelter office. He asked if they had any plans or if they would let him try to br ing the trees back. The answer from that big industry was ―No.‖ Paul then went to college to study the science of plants. Unfortunately, his teachers said there weren’t any birds or squirrels to spread the seeds. It would be a waste of his life to try to do it. Everyone knew that, he was told. Even if he was knowledgeable as he had expected, he wouldn’t get his idea accepted. Paul later got married and had some kids. But, his dream would not die. And then one night he did what be could with what he had. As Samuel Johnson wrote, ―It is common to overlook what is near by keeping the eye fixed on something remote. Attainable good is often ignored by minds busied, in wide ranges.‖ Under the cover of darkness, he went secretly into the wasteland and started planting. . And every week, he made his secret journey into the wasteland and planted trees and grass. For fifteen years he did this against the plain common sense. Slowly rabbits appeared. Later, as there was legal pressure to clean up the environment, the company actually hired Paul to do what he was already doing. Now the place is fourteen thousand acres of trees and grass and bushes, and Paul has received almost every environmental award Utah has. It took him until his hair turned white, but he managed to keep that impossible vow he made to himself as a child. 46. When Paul was a boy, ________. A. he had decided never to leave his hometown B. the economy of Utah depended wholly on the copper smelter C. no laws were made to protect the environment against pollution D. he had determined to stop the copper smelter polluting the area 47. Why did Paul go to college to study the science of plants? A. He wanted to find out the best way to save the area himself. B. He was interested in planting trees since he was young. C. He wanted to get more knowledgeable people to help him. D. He thought his knowledge would make his advice more persuasive. 48. What does the underlined phrase ―the plain common sense‖ probably refer to? A. That it was impossible for trees to grow on the wasteland. B. That his normal work and life would be greatly affected. C. That no one would li ke to join him in the efforts. D. That he had to keep everything he did secret. 49 The message of the passage is that ________. A. action speaks louder than words B. perseverance(持之以恒) will work wonders C. God helps those who help themselves D. many hands make light work C Hellen Keller lived in the USA. She was a great woman. Hellen was a baby，she got very sick. Several weeks later, the doctor said, ―She is better, but now she can’t see and hear.‖ Her mother and father were very sad. After a few years，things got worse. There was no way for Hellen to speak to other people. She heard nothing . She saw nothing. She didn’t understand anything.
Then one day a teacher came to live with Hellen and her family. The teacher helped Hellen learn about words. Hellen was a very bright child and soon she learned to spell her first word. When she was old enough, she went to college. Hellen was very famous. She helped many blind and deaf people. She traveled around the world and helped many people. The world remembers her today as a brave and wonderful woman. She was blind and deaf , but she found a way to see and hear. 50. Hellen got very sick and became blind and deaf when she a_______. A. student B. baby C. nurse D. doctor 51. After a few weeks , Hellen _______ . A. couldn’t hear but see everything B. could hear but see nothing C. could neither hear nor see D . could hear and see 52. -_______taught her the first word . A. Hellen’s mother B. Hellen’s father C. Hellen’s teacher D. Hellen’s friend 53. Hellen Keller was famous because_______ A. she was an American B. she traveled around the word C. she went to college D. She was blind and deaf , but she helped many people in the world. 54 . The world __________today because she was a brave and wonderful person . A . remembers Hellen Keller B . knows Hellen’s father C. learns from Hellen’s mother D. listens to Hellen D The unquestioned role of a student is to learn as much as possible through whatever means it takes to acquire knowledge. Teachers and professors are human beings and are therefore not perfect. No one knows the correct answer to every question even when you limit the questions to a certain field of study. Having certain skepticism (质疑) about what they are being taught can help students to make the teachers even better by correcting mistakes and misinformation. Students certainly have a huge role in their own abilities to learn. Teachers should act more as guides along the way rather than try to force each student to learn. The best teachers in the world cannot teach an unmotivated student. If the teacher, for whatever reason, cannot motivate the student, then the student m ust somehow find a way to motivate himself or herself. One me thod of doing this is by becoming an active rather than a passive student. The more the student involves himself or herself in the act of studying, the better he or she can learn. One of the best ways to become more active is simply to ask the teacher or professor questions. Students who passively sit in a classroom and take everything that the teacher says for granted are not fully using their mental capacities(能力) to learn. Better education comes from teachers who are able to get their students to think about a subject rather than merely absorb a certain amount of information. Having a healthy skepticism can improve a student’s ability to both think and absorb knowledge in a learning situation. Teachers are human beings and no one is one hundred percent right all of the time, even in a classroom situation. Perhaps a teacher would simply unconsciously say the wrong word or pass on some misinformation that the teacher truly believed was correct. A student’s question could prevent an entire classroom from becoming confused or misinformed. There is of course a fine balance between a student having a healthy skepticism, and just being a downright(令人不快的) skeptic. But w ith the proper attitude toward learning and a little skepticism, both the students and teachers can improve upon the learning process and maximize
learning efficiency. 55. Which of the following is the author’s main argument? A. Passive learning results from passive teaching in class. B. A student’s ability plays a huge role in the learning process. C. A healthy skepticism fully depends on students’ motivation and ability. D. A healthy skepticism and proper attitude contribute to effective learning. 56. Being passive learners, the students ________. A. use little of their mental ability while studying B. seldom involve themselves completely in learning C. can hardly tell the right from the wrong in class D. simply ask their teachers questions without thinking 57. According to the passage, a good te acher should ________. A. help the unmotivated students patiently B. instruct students in the learning process C. make no mistakes in the teaching process D. answer all the questions raised by students E Once there was an 11-year-old boy who went fishing with his father in the middle of a New Hampshire lake. On the day before bass (巴斯鱼) season opened, they were fishing early in the evening, catching other fish with worms. Then the boy tied a small silver lure(鱼饵) and put it into the lake. Suddenly he felt that something very big pulling on the lure. His father watched with admiration as the boy skillfully brought the fish beside the bank. Finally he lifted the tired fish from the water. It was the largest one he had ever seen, but it was a bass. The boy and his father looked at the big fish. The father lit a match and looked at his watch. It was 10 p.m.—two hours before the season opened. He looked at the fish, then at the boy. ―You’ll have to put it back, son,‖ he said. ―Dad!‖ cried the boy. ―There will be other fish,‖ said his father. ―Not as big as this one,‖ cried the boy. He looked around the lake. No other fishermen or boats were in sight in the moonlight. He looked again at his father. Even though no one had seen them, nor could anyone ever know what time he had caught the fish, the boy could tell from his father’s voice that the decision couldn’t be changed. He threw the huge bass into the black water. The big fish disappeared. The boy thought that he would never again see such a big fish. That was 34 years ago. Today the boy is a successful architect in New York City. He often takes his own son and daughters to fish at the same place. And he was right. He has never again caught such a large fish as the one he got that night long ago. But he does see that same fish ... again and again ... every time he has an ethical (道德的) decision to make. For, as his father had taught him, ethics are simple matters of right and wrong. It is only the practice of ethics that is difficult. 58 From the text we know that the father _________. A. didn’t love his son B. always disagreed with his son B. C. disliked the huge fish D. was firm and stubborn 59. The successful architect went fishing with his children at the same place because _____. A. they might catch a big fish there B. it was a most popular fishing spot C. he was taught a moral lesson there D. their children enjoyed fishing there 60. What does the story imply (suggest）?
A. It is easy to say something, but difficult to do. B. An ethical decision is always easy to make. C. It’s hard to tell right from wrong sometimes. D. Fishing can help one to make right decisions. 四 阅读表达(共 5 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下面的短文，并根据短文后的要求答题(请注意问题后的词数要求)。 For most Americans, a clean glass of water is just a faucet（水龙头） away. But for many of the world’s poorest people, it’s hard to get. On Wednesday, the United Nations(UN)marked World Water Day by trying to cut the number of people without good drinking water—one billion human beings worldwide –in half. In the next ten years, the UN will work with governments around the world to reduce the shortage. Without clean water nearby, many people use water_______________________________________. In India, many people bathe and wash their clothes in rivers that are polluted by human waste. According to the UN, not having enough clean water and sanitation causes more than three million deaths a year. ―The links between water and human health are powerful,‖ said Dr Lee Jong Wook, director-general of the World Health Organization (WHO). ―We cannot live without clean water.‖ In fact, the International Federation of the Red Cross said that quick reaction after last year’s Asian tsunami had stopped disease. The agency provided clean water to nearly 500,000 people in Indonesia and Sri Lanka after the tsunami. World Water Day was first celebrated in 1993. since then, it is celebrated each year on March 22. 1. What is the best title of the passage? _______________________________________ 2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by this one? The quality of the water is closely connected with human health. _____________________________________________________ 3. What did the International Federation of the Red Cross do after the tsunami? And why? _____________________________________________________ 4. Please fill in the blank in the third paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. _____________________________________________________ 5 Translate the underlined sentence in the first paragraph into Chinese. _____________________________________________________ 五; 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是李华, 希望通过外籍教师 Peter 找一个英语笔友. 请写一 封短信, 描述一下你理想中笔友的条件, 并说明为什么选这样的笔友. 具体条件包括; 1. 年龄 2. 性别; 3. 爱好(旅游 , 运动 , 宠物等) 注意; 1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节, 以使行文连贯; 3 . 开头语已为你写好. Dear Peter , I am writing to ask whether you are able to do me a favor . _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________
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答案 (一)单项选择 (每小题 1 分, 满分 20 分) 1—5 ADBDB 6—10 ACBCD 11—15 BBCCA 16-20 DDAAA (二) 完型填空 (每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 21- 25 ABDDA 26-30 BCCAA 31-35 BCCAD 36-40 ABCAB （三）阅读理解 (每题 2 分共 40 分) 41-45 CDADC 46-49 CDAB 50-54 BCCDA 55-57 DBB 58 – 60 DCA （四）阅读表达 1. World Water Day
2. The links between water and human health are powerful. 3. It provided clean water to the people in Indonesia and Sri Lanka to stop disease from spreading. 4. that / which is harmful to their health that / which is bad for their health that / which isn’t fit to drink
5. 只需打开水龙头，就可以拥有一杯干净的水。 （五）书面表达(满分 20 分) Dear Peter , I am writing to ask whether you are able to do me a favor . I want to have a pen for some time. With such a pen friend , I think I can share with her our traveling experiences, taking care of pets , or whatever we have in common. And I believe I will improve my English by doing so and learn more about her country . I look forward to hearing from you soon . Best regards , Yours , Li Hua