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2014届高考英语第二轮(阅读理解)珍品训练(09)及答案


2013 高考英语二轮(阅读理解)珍品训练(09)及答案
(******) We find that bright children are not often held back by mixed-ability teaching. On the contrary, both their knowledge and experience are improved. W

e feel that there are many dis advantages in streaming pupils, a way to teach pupils in groupsaccording to their ability. It does not pay attention to the fact that children develop at different speed. It can have a bad effect on bloth the bright and not-so-bright children. After all it can be quite discouraging to be at the hottom of the top grade ! Besides, it is rather unreal to grade people just according to their intellectual (智力的) ability. This is only one aspect (方面) of their total personality. We are concerned to develop the abilities of all our pupils to the full, not just their academic (学术理论的) ability. We also value personal qua[ides (品质)and social skills, and we find that mixed-ability teaching helps improve all these aspects of learning. In our classroom, we work in various ways. The pupils often work in groups, this gives them the chances to learn to cc-operate, to share, and to develop leadership skills. They al- sci learn how to deal with personal problems as well as learning how to think, to make decisions, to analyze and evaluate (分析和评价), and to comunicate effectively. The pupils learn from each other as well as from the teacher. Sometimes the pupils work in pairs; sometimes they work on individual (个人的) tasks and assignments, and they can do this at their own speed. They also have some formal class teaching when this is right and suitable. We encourage our pu- pils to use the library, and we teach them the skills they need in order to do this effectively. An advanced pupil can do advanced work; it does not matter what age the child is. We expect our pupils to do their best, not their least, and we give them every encouragement to achieve this goal. 1. What's the author's attitude towards "mixed-ability teaching"? A. He agrees to it. B. He doubts the truth of it. C. He is very discontent about it. D. He tries to be objective at)out it. 答案:A 指导:由第一段第二句“On the contrary,both their knowledSe and experience are improved”可知作者赞同 mixed-abilityteaching. 2. By "held back", the author means A. forced to study in the lower class B. made to remain in the same class C. prevented from advancing D. made to fall behind other students 答案:C 指导:由第一段第二句中的 improved 可知。 *****************************************************************结束 A Once there was an 11-year-old boy who went fishing with his father in the middle of a New Hampshire lake. On the day before bass (巴斯鱼) season opened, they were fishing early in the
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evening, catching other fish with worms. Then the boy tied on a small silver lure (鱼饵) and put it into the lake. Suddenly he felt that something very big pulling on the lure. His father watched with admiration as the boy skillfully brought the fish beside the bank. Finally he lifted the tired fish from the water. It was the largest one he had ever seen, but it was a bass. The boy and his father looked at the big fish. The father lit a match and looked at his watch. It was 10 pm – two hours before the season opened. He looked at the fish, then at the boy. “You’ll have to put it back, son,” he said. “Dad!” cried the boy, “There will be other fish,” said his father. “Not as big as this one,” cried the boy. He looked around the lake. No other fishermen or boats were in sight in the moonlight. He looked again at his father. Even though no one had seen them, nor could anyone ever know what time he had caught the fish, the boy could tell from his father’s voice that the decision couldn’t be changed. He threw the huge bass into the black water. The big fish disappeared. The boy thought that he would never again see such a big fish. That was 34 years ago. Today the boy is successful architect in New York City. He often takes his own son and daughters to fish at the same place. And he was right. He has never again caught such a large fish as the one he got that night long ago. But he does see that same fish … again and again … every time he has an ethical (伦理 的,道德的) decision to make. For, as his father had taught him, ethics are simple matters of right and wrong. It is only the practice of ethics that is difficult. 41. What happened when the big fish turned out to be a bass? A. The boy and his father discussed what to do with the big fish. B. The boy threw the bass back into the water willingly. C. The father lit a match in order to check the time. D. They worried other fishermen may discover what they had done. 42. From the text we know that the father _________. A. didn’t love his son C. disliked the huge fish A. they might catch a big fish there C. it was a most popular fishing spot 44. What does the story imply? A. It is easy to say something, but difficult to do. B. An ethical decision is always easy to make. C. It’s hard to tell right from wrong sometimes D. Fishing can help one to make right decisions. B Gossip(流言蜚语) is more powerful than truth, a study has shown, suggesting that people believe what they hear in an informal way even if they have evidence to the contrary. Researchers, testing students using a computer game, also found gossip played an important role in decision making, said Ralf Sommerfeld, an evolutionary biologist who led the study." We show
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B. always disagreed with his son D. was firm and stubborn B. he was taught a moral lesson there D. their children enjoyed fishing there

43. The successful architect went fishing with his children at the same place because _________.

that gossip has a strong influence ... even when participants have access to the correct information, "the researchers wrote. "It is evident that gossip has strong manipulative (控制的) potential." In the study, the researchers gave the students money and allowed them to give it to others in a series of rounds. The students also wrote notes that anyone could view about how others played the game. Students tended to give less money to people described as "scrooges" and more to those described as "generous players" or "social players", Sommerfeld said. "People only took the gossip into account, not the past decisions they themselves had witnessed," he said in a telephone interview. The researchers then took the game a step further and showed the students the actual decisions people had made, while supplying gossip that contradicted(同……相 矛盾) that evidence. In these cases, the students still based their decisions on the gossip, rather than the evidence, Sommerfeld said. "Rationally (理性地), if you know what someone did, that’s all you should care about, but they still listened to what others said," he said. Researchers have long used similar games to study how people cooperate and the influence of gossip on groups. Scientists define gossip as social information spread about a person who is not present, Sommerfeld said. 45. Which of the following are people more likely to believe, according to the study? A. Something said informally about someone. B. Information about someone supported by evidence. C. Words said about a person in his or her presence. D. Correct information. 46. Who does the underlined word "scrooges" in Paragraph 4 probably refer to? A. People who are unkind. B. People who are ugly. C. People who have little money but say they have a lot. D. People who love having money but hate spending it. 47. What should people value when they make decisions about others, in Sommerfeld’s opinion? A. Their actions. B. Their words. C. Their social positions and past decisions. D. The origin of information about them. 48. What is the passage mainly about? A. The importance of gossip. B. How gossip is produced. C. How gossip is more powerful than truth. D. The difference between truth and gossip. C Teenagers almost always welcome new trends, especially, it seems, when it comes to hairstyle. But you also need to think about the shape of your face before selecting the style that is right for you. Fourteen age girls: ★If you have a round face, highlighting (突出) your forehead will help your face look full. In
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other words, don’t cover your forehead with a fringe (刘海). Also, avoid a center part, and avoid keeping your hair too straight, or flat on the top of your head. ★For a long face, a center part looks bad if you have long, dull, straight hair. Shorter hair with long fringes falling over the forehead is a good idea. Because the fringes seem to shorten your face, and they usually make it look better. ★If you have a square face, keep your hair shoulder length, and have it feathered or layered near the face, with a diagonal (斜的) fringe. This will make your face look balanced. ★If you have an oval face (鸭蛋脸), stop for a second and congratulate yourself. You can wear almost any hairstyle. Boys normally have short hair, but you get bored with this. Try arranging your hair to fall over your forehead, or point towards the sky. These are styles suited to boys who like sports. 49. What should you avoid if you have a round face? A. Keeping your hair shoulder-length. B. Having too-straight hair. C. Wearing short hair. D. Highlighting your forehead. 50. For which face shape is a fringe NOT recommended by the author? A. A round face. B. A long face. C. A square face. D. An oval face. 51. In the author’s opinion, boys who like sports can wear their hair ________. A. on the tops of their heads B. long but with diagonal fringes C. pointing towards the sky D. falling to their shoulders 52. What would be the best title for the text? A. How to Become a Trendy Teenager B. What Hairstyle Matches Your Face? C. Try on a New Hairstyle D. Hairstyles for Girls D Five special caves promise to further explain the "secret war" the United States started in Laos (老挝) against the North Vietnamese (越南人), but may also help to open a region in need of income from tourism. The five caves, in the Viengsay district of Houaphanh province, one of the poorest sections of the country, are part of a network of 480 caves transformed into shops, schools, theaters and government offices for the Pathet Lao Army between 1964 and 1973, when it was fighting against Hmong soldiers supported by the USA. The caves were recently opened to the public, and the Laotian government is hoping, according to the news from the Lao National Tourism Administration, that the caves will not only tell the story of the 23,000 Laotians who took shelter there during the war, but also attract tourists." Laos’aim is to recreate the caves and tell
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the stories of the people who lived in them," said Harsh Varma of the World Tourism Organization, which has managed to develop Viengsay into a tourist site. "Viengsay was a victory of creativity and team work in the face of what many historians believe was the longest and the most intensive bombardment ( 炮 击 ) in world history," Harsh said. The Lao National Tourism Administration is preparing audio guides for visitors to listen to as they tour these caves. So far, more than 20 tourism and national heritage (遗产) trainers from international organizations have been brought in to teach the villagers how they might benefit from tourism. After all, the Killing Fields Memorial near Phnom Penh, Cambodia (柬埔寨), attracts hundreds of international visitors daily. 53. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage? A. Special Caves Used by America and the North Vietnamese B. Laos Sees Possibility of Tourism in Caves Used During the "Secret War" C. Caves in Laos Used During the "Secret War" Are Opened to the Public D. Viengsay Sees Prosperity in Caves Used During the "Secret War" 54. What is the aim of the passage? A. To teach people not to forget history. B. To introduce some caves in Laos as a possible tourist site. C. To introduce an ancient tourist site in Laos. D. To tell readers the history of the "secret war". 55. What do we know about the "secret war"? A. It has always been secret. B. It involved the North Vietnamese fighting against the Americans. C. It lasted more than ten years. D. It involved the Laotians fighting against the Vietnamese. 56. Why does the author mention the Killing Fields Memorial in the last paragraph? A. To introduce another topic. B. To tell us about another interesting place. C. To use a comparison to show the possibilities for the new tourist site. D. To tell readers that there is another history-related tourist site in Southeast Asia. E Every year thousands of tourists visit Pompeii, Italy. They see the sights that Pompeii is famous for its stadium and theatres, its shops and restaurants. The tourists do not, however, see Pompeii's people. They do not see them because Pompeii has no people. No one has lived in Pompeii for almost 2000 years. Once, Pompeii was a busy city of 22000 people. It lay at the foot of Mount Vesuvius, a grass-covered volcano. Mount Vesuvius had not erupted for centuries, so the people of Pompeii felt safe. But they were not. In August of AD 79, Mount Vesuvius erupted. The entire top of the mountain exploded, and a huge black cloud rose into the air. Soon stones and hot ash began to fall on Pompeii. When the eruption ended two days later, Pompeii was buried under 20 feet of stones and ashes. Almost all of its people were dead.
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For centuries, Pompeii lay buried under stone and ash. Then, in the year 1861, an Italian scientist named Ginseppe began to uncover Pompeii. Slowly, carefully, Ginseppe and his men dug. The city looked almost the same as it had looked in AD 79. There were streets and fountains, houses and shops. There was a stadium with 20000 seats. Perhaps the most important of all, there were everyday objects, which tell us a great deal about the people who lived in Pompeii. Many glasses and jars had some dark blue colour in the bottom, so we know that the people of Pompeii liked wine. They liked bread, too; metal bread pans were in every bakery, In one bakery there were 81 round, flat loaves of bread-a type of bread that is still sold in Italy today. Tiny boxes filled with a dark, shiny powder tell us that women like to wear eye-makeup. Ginseppe has died, but his work continues. One-fourth has not been uncovered yet. Scientists are still digging, still making discoveries that draw the tourists to Pompeii. 57. Why do large numbers of people come to Pompeii each year? A. To visit the volcano C. To watch sports and plays B. To shop and eat there. D. To see how Pompeiians lived.

58. Why had so many Pompeiians remained by volcanic Mount Vesuvius? A. The city nearby offered all kinds of fun. B. The area produced the finest wine in Italy. C. Few people expected the volcano to erupt again. D. The mountain was beautiful and covered with grass. 59. Why did the city uncovered look almost the same as it had looked in AD 797 A. Because Ginseppe and his men dug it slowly and carefully. B. Because the city was buried alive and remained untouched. C. Because scientists successfully rebuilt the city with everyday objects. D. Because nobody had lived in the city ever since the volcano erupted. 60. What do we know about the Pompeiians who lived 2000 years ago? A. They lived more or less the same as Italians now do. B. They liked women wearing all kinds of makeup. C. They enjoyed a lazy life with drinking and eating. D. They went back to Pompeii after the eruption in AD 79

参考答案

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