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复读班English 第一课


开学第一课—英语篇

What’s your first impression(印象) of Binhai High School? large in size a beautiful school with... a place where such….that…
make progress

realize one’s dr

eam

(实现梦想)

My school
Binhai High School is a place ______I where will spend the most important year. It is large______. in size Besides, it has a beautiful campus(校园) _______trees and flowers. It is with _____a such good school _____I that like it a lot. I hope I can make _________and progress _______ realize my dream here.

Self-introduction
It is our first time to meet each other, so it is necessary for us to make a self-introduction.

Self-introduction
Name Age
I am .../ My name is…

I’m 17 years old. I’m a 17--- year--- old girl/boy.
I like/love/enjoy(doing sth)...

I am fond of...

Hobbies

I am interested in…

My hobby is…./ My hobbies are…..
...is my favorite.

qualities

I am a person who....

Self-introduction
Hello, everyone. I’m ______and I came from_________. As a 1?-year-old boy/girl, I’m fond of _____. In my free time, (doing sth) In a word, I spend much time in_________. I’m a person who____________.

高三的一轮复习

复习内容:模块1-10 时间:本学期开始到一模(2016年3月 中旬)

一本纠错本(错题档案,高考状元 的葵花宝典) 一本笔记本(至少够一学期用) 一本字典 一本3500词汇

Advice:在阅读中扩大词汇,多朗读, 书写整洁,充分利用饭前饭后、课间睡 前等零散时间复习记忆掌中宝里的单词 或提纲。随时翻阅词典。不要做拷贝的 奴隶 aim/goal: Hold 住 English,成为徘徊在 牛A和牛C之间的英语 达人

高三英语复习“七多七少” 一、多听老师的,少自作主张 二、多用碎时间,少搞大突击 三、多接触英语,少钻研语法 四、多做高考题,少抠模拟题 五、多攻词汇表,少记课外词 六、多做一般题,少钻研难题 七、多背好语句,少问为什么

学习金字塔
学习金字塔是美国缅因州的国家训练实验室研究成 果,它用数字形式形象显示了:采用不同的学习方 式,学习者在两周以后还能记住内容(平均学习保 持率)的多少。它是一种现代学习方式的理论。最 早它是由美国学者、著名的学习专家爱德加· 戴尔 1946年首先发现并提出的。

What do you think is the most important part in English learning?
Grammar? Sentences? Reading? Speaking? Vocabulary !

Listening?

Writing?

Vocabulary?

“Without grammar, very little can be conveyed (传达); without vocabulary, nothing can be conveyed.” ——D.A. Wilkins (著名语言学家)

记忆单词的方法: 一、读音规则法 二、分类对比记忆法

三、联想记忆法
四、构词记忆法 五、其他一些方法

一、读音规则法记单词:
我们知道 英语总共有26个字母,48个音标, 其实每个字母或字母组合都发固定的音;反过来, 每个音标都是由固定的字母或字母组合来发音的。
比如,a 一般发 /e?/, /?/, /?/ , /?/, /ɑ:/ Late, hand, about, what, fast O 一般发 /??/, /U:/, /?/, /?/, /?/ Note, who, love, today, hot 优点: 记得快,多,朗朗就上口 缺点: 记形不义,语音要相对比较标准才可以

二、分类对比记忆法:
其实这是一种大家自不自觉都在使用的一种方法 大家从初中开始肯定就发现了 See-sea, right-write, meet-meat, too-two, study-learn, see-look-watch, good-well-nice之 间的区别与联系吧? 只有这样将知识归类对比,我们记得才会深刻, 那到底要怎样分类对比呢? 1、同义词 2、反义词 3、同音词 4、同类词 5、同源词 6、同形词

同义词
choose / select seize / catch / grab / grasp

同类词:
Vegetable: tomato; potato; carrot; cabbage, mushroom, cucumber …

反义词
Success/failure Increase/decrease

同源词:
Employ v 雇佣 Employer n 雇佣者,雇主 Employee n 雇员 employment n 雇佣

同形词:
appear/appeal Attitude/altitude

三、联想记忆法
candidate n 候选人 n 救护车 v 犹豫

ambulance
hesitate assassinate costume

v 暗杀
n 服饰

三、联想记忆法
candidate ambulance hesitate
能(can)做(did)能吃(ate)的 n 候选人 人是候选人 n 救护车 俺们(am)不 (bu)能(lan)死 (ce)赶快去叫救护车 他(he)坐(sit)下来吃饭(ate) v 犹豫 时犹豫了下 两只驴(assass)在里面(in) v 暗杀 吃 (ate)东西时被暗杀了 n 服饰

assassinate
costume

花费(cost)你(u)我(me) 的钱去买服饰

三、联想记忆法
candidate n 候选人 n 救护车 v 犹豫

ambulance
hesitate assassinate costume

v 暗杀
n 服饰

优点: 记得快,牢,对记意思特别有帮助 缺点: 容易造成读音错误

四、构词记忆法
Derivation派生法
Compound 合成法 Conversion 转化法

派生法 Derivation

派 生 法

前缀

否定前缀 其他前缀
名词后缀 形容词后缀 副词后缀 动词后缀

后缀

常见的四种否定前缀:
Un-, in/im/il/ir-, dis-, mis前 缀 意 义 用 法 例 词

前缀

un-

不,未 加在形容词或 (=not) 副词前 相反动 加在动词前 作 不 ,非 , 无 加在形容词或 其派生的名词 或副词前

unnecessary, unexpected, unusual Uncover, unlock, undress incomplete, impossible. impolite, irregular, illegal

in-, il-, im-, ir-

常见的四种否定前缀:
Un-, in/im/il/ir-, dis-, mis例 前 缀 意 义 用 法

前缀


表示否定
dismis表示错误

加在名词或形容 词、动词前

dishonour, disease dislike, disbelieve

加在名词、动词 或及其派生词前

mistake, misread, misunderstanding, misapply mishandle

其他前缀:
前缀 意 义 用 法 例 表示:再一 次,重新

前缀
词 用于动词及派生名词 renew, reborn, 名词、形容词及其它 rebuild, reappear, retell 名词前(= again) 加在动词或名词前 (= before) foresee, foreleg, forehead, foreword

re-

fore-

表示:时间 或位置的 “在前面”

pre-

表示:在前、 加在名词或形容词前 prepay, prewar, 事先、预先 (=before, in front, in preschool, prehistory advance)

其他前缀:
前缀 意 义 用 法 例 表示:时间 加在名词或形容词 前 和顺序的 “在后边” (= after, behind)

前缀
词 post-war, postmodern postgraduate

post-

inter-

表示: “互 加在名词、形容词 interchange, international, 前构成动词 相” “在…间” (= between, among) interact interdependent supermarket, 加在名词前 表示:高级、 (= above, over, upon) supernatural 在之上, “超”

super-

其他前缀:
前缀 意 义 “前任” ex“向外”=out “短的”“小的” “防,防止;抗” anti例 词 ex-president; ex-wife

前缀
exclude; express; exit; export Minibus; miniskirt; minicomputer antibody; antifreeze; AntiJapanese

mini-

后缀
1.表示人和物的名词后缀
-er, -or, -eer, -ess, -ician, -ist

后缀

2.抽象名词和集体名词后缀 3.形容词后缀

-age, -ure, -ity, -ment, -ion, -ism, -y, -al, -ness, -ship, hood, -ance, -th, -dom -able, -al, -ant, -ent, -ic, -ical, -ish, -ive, -ful, -less, -ous, -y, -ed, -en, -ern, -ly

4.副词后缀 5.动词后缀

-ly, -ward, -wards -ate, -en, -fy, -ish, -ize

Compound 合成法
把两个或两个以上的词合成一个新词, 这种构词的方法叫 做合成法

1. 直接写在一起。 2. 用连字符(-)连接。 3. 由两个分开的词构成。 overcome four-legged he-goat, she-wolf meanwhile

五、其它记忆法
1. 只记元音 我们共学了五种记忆方法 但是, 2. 情景记忆法 并不是学了这些方法之后就可以一劳永逸了 1. 只记元音 前面讲的只是背词的战略, separate eaae 我们还需要背词的策略。 animal aia dependence eeee 都是e 2. 情景记忆法 “词不离句,句不离段” Eg. He received the invitation, but he didn’t want to accept it. 这就是为什么我们上课都会给大家例子的原因。

记单词策略
我们先来看下 艾宾浩斯遗忘曲线 人的记忆规律: 1.遗忘速度先快后慢、遗忘量先大后小 2. 24小时内忘得最多 所以我们应该: May you succeed 1.在背完单词的24小时之内开始复习。 in reciting words! 2.复习时间先密后疏。 间隔复习时间为 1,2,4,7,14,28天,今天记忆或学习了五个 3.要有能够记住的信心。 生词,明天必须复习(为第1天);后天还须复习(为第2天);间 4. 每次记忆时间不要太长,分散时间。 隔一天再复习(为第 4天);间隔二天再复习(为第7天);间隔六 天再复习(为第 14天);间隔十三天再复习(为第28天) 5.记忆要有目的,精力高度集中。 以一个月为周期:第一周复习四次,第二周一次, 两周后又一次;以后每个月一次。


子 结 构

简单句 Simple Sentences

含有一个主语(或并列主语) 和一个谓语(或并列谓语)的句子

并列句 Compound Sentences

包含两个或两个以上主谓结构 的句子且句子之间有并列连词 and/but等或用分号连接




复合句 Complex Sentences

包含一个主句和一个从句或一 个主句和多个从句的句子,且从句 用从属连词引导

Close test

1. 主 + 系 + 表 2. 主 + 谓 3. 主 + 谓 + 宾 4. 主 + 谓 + 宾 + 宾 5. 主 + 谓 + 宾 + 宾补

Type 1. S + Vi Type 2. S + Vt + O Type 3. S + Vt + O + O Type 4. S + Vt+ O+ OC Type 5. S + link V+ P

简单句的基本句型

1. He learns German. (一个主语和一个谓语) 2. Both Tom and Jack enjoy country music. (并列主语和一个谓语) 3. We sang and danced yesterday evening. (一个主语和并列谓语) 4. My brother and I go to school at half past seven in the morning and come back home at five in the afternoon. (并列主语和并列谓语)

1.主语+系动词+表语( S+Link.V+P ),说 明主语的特征、类属、状态、身份。 You are students.

We are in the classroom. We are good friends, aren’t we?

状态:seem, appear, prove --感官:smell, feel, taste, sound, look --变化:become, get, turn, go, come, grow --持续:remain, stay, keep, continue ---

其 它 系动词

Correct mistakes:
1. Her voice sounds beautifully. beautiful 2. The whole company was surprising at surprised the news. to 3. To see isΛbelieve. 4. It seem like a good idea. seems 5. The lightsΛ still on. are 6. All the potatoes changed bad. went 7. Jim was remained a worker.

2.主语+不及物动词 ( S + Vi. )
Our school lies in the center of our city.

You will graduate from it in 2014. The car accident was happened yesterday.
注:不及物动词不能用于被动语态。

3.主语+及物动词+宾语(S+Vt+O) I like my job very much. What do you want to be in the future ? Each of you has a dream . 注:及物动词可用于被动语态 People use a great deal of water in that city.(主动语态) A great deal of water is used by people in that city.(被动语态)

1. The machine doesn’t work. 2. He is an honest student. 3. The silk feels soft.





句子成分

常用词性

主 系





系 主 4. I have a lot of friends表 here. 主谓 宾 5. Tom lent me 200 dollars. 主 谓 宾 宾 6. I saw him writing a letter. 主谓 宾 宾补
7. I find maths difficult.

主语 谓语 宾语 状 定语
状语

n/pron. V n./pron.

Adj. Adv. n./adj. n./adj./ to do /doing

主 谓 宾 宾补 8. We call her Lily. 主 谓 宾 宾补 主 谓 宾

表语
宾补 宾补

9. Father asked me to turn off the TV.





5分

5分

24分

方法一. 一句多译 As soon as we arrived at the village, we were warmly welcomed by the villagers.
On arriving at the village,we were warmly….

The moment we arrived at the village, we were…

We were warmly welcomed by the villagers immediately we arrived at the village.
No sooner had we arrived at the village than we …… Hardly had we arrived at the village when we….

方法一. 一句多译
Use different ways to describe the picture

一…就受到欢迎

方法一. 一句多译
As soon as president of China and his wife arrived at the airport, they were warmly welcomed . On arriving at the airport , heand his wife…

He and his wife were warmly welcomed directly/ the moment /immediately they arrived at the airport.
No sooner had he and his wife arrived at the airport than they were … Hardly had he and his wife arrived at the airport when they were …

Practice

一句多译

这本书花了我300元。 I spent 300 yuan on the book. I paid 300 yuan for the book. The price of the book is 300 yuan. It cost me 300 yuan to buy the book. The book cost me 300 yuan.

Practice

一句多译

昨天下午他才来。 He came here yesterday afternoon. He didn’t come here until yesterday afternoon. It was yesterday afternoon that he arrived here. It was not until yesterday afternoon that he came here. Not until yesterday afternoon did he come here.

方法二. 使用非谓语动词使句子简洁高档

Rewrite the sentences
(1)Most of the artists who had been invited
to the party were from South Africa.
Most of the artists invited to the party were from South Africa. (2)Nowadays the old people often do morning exercises in the park in order that they could keep healthy. Nowadays the old people often do morning exercises in the park to keep healthy.

方法二. 使用非谓语动词使句子简洁高档
Complete the sentences with non-predicate (非谓语动 词)
1. 听到这个消息,他们变的很激动. _________ Hearing the news, they got excited. 2. 尽管被告知许多遍,他仍然重复这个错.

__________________ Having been told many times, he still repeated the

mistake.
3.除非被邀请发言,你应该在会议上保持沉默.

invited Unless ________to speak, you should keep silent at the meeting.

Translate the following sentences by using nonpredicate (非谓语动词)
1,面对困难时,他从不放弃。

Faced with/Facing difficulties, he never gives up.
2,引入市场后,该产品大获成功。

Introduced to the market, the product made a great success.
3,做完作业后,他回家了。

Having finished his homework, he returned home.

方法三.丰富的句式

Describe the character by using Inverted Sentence(倒装句)

Poor as/though he was,

he was happy.

方法三.丰富的句式 Sentence patterns Are Always Useful
?The dog jumped into the river and pulled the girl to the bank. ?It was the dog that jumped into the river and pulled the girl to safety. ?Two chairs are in the front of the room. ?IN the front of the room are two chairs. ?You will have to work hard for years to speak good English. ?It takes years of hard work to speak good English.

? I failed in the exam again. ? What disappointed me most was that I failed in the exam again. ? Miss Li will give us a report soon. ? Miss Li, who has a wide knowledge of English, will give us a report soon. ? We all like Jim. ? We all like Jim, who is always ready to help others. ? We all like Jim because of his helpfulness and kindness.

Practice

怎样使用较丰富的句式

1. To his surprise, the little girl knows so many things.(使用名词 性从句)
What surprises him is that the little girl knows so many things.

2. Though I’m weak, I’ll make the effort. (使用倒装句)
Weak as I am, I’ll make the effort. 3. He did not know what had happened until he had read the news in the newspaper.(使用强调句型) It was not until he had read the news in the newspaper that he knew what had happened. 4. I passed the physics exam because of your help.(用虚拟语气)

I couldn’t have passed the physics exam but for your help.

5.I won’t believe what he says. (使用状语从句)
No matter what he says, I won’t believe him. 6.If you study hard, you will make rapid progress. (用并列句) Study hard and you’ll make rapid progress. 7.He had no sooner come back from Beijing than he was sent abroad. (使用倒装句) No sooner had he come back from Beijing than he was sent abroad.

Summaries:
1. Use different ways to describe one sentence. 2. Making sentences by using non-predicate. 3.Sentence patterns are always useful

Practice
此四幅画描述了 爱鸟周活动中李 明某一天所经历 的事,由此写一 篇文章。

要求: 1 必须使用5个句子 表达图画内容。 2 将5个句子组成 连贯的短文。

步骤一 审题
writing style: narration tense: past tense person: the third person order: time order

步骤二 要点

caught a bird fixed a string to it

a girl look for mother a police comfort her

步骤二 要点

send her home lost in thought

set the bird free feel happy

步骤三. 扩展成句,连句成篇

1.One day,Li Ming caught a bird and fixed a string to it. 2. He saw a girl cry looking for her mum and a policeman comfort her. 3. The policeman send the girl home and Li Ming was lost in thought.
4. Li Ming set the bird free and felt very happy.

步骤四. 仔细检查,认真修改
①查是否遗漏要点,信息是否完整, 尤其是:人物、地点、时间、发生什么事、 如何发生、怎样进行等方面是否遗漏。 ②查体裁格式是否正确。 ③查句式使用是否科学得当。 ④查叙述的顺序是否颠倒。 ⑤查过渡词是否使用合理。 ⑥查时态、语态是否一致正确。 ⑦查书写和标点符号是否规范清晰。 ⑧查字数是否符合要求。

One day, Li Ming caught a bird and fixed a string to it. When playing with it, he saw the girl who was crying couldn’t find her mum and a kind policeman tried to comfort her and told her that he would send her home. Seeing them go off,Li Ming was deep in thought. He heard the cry of the bird and suddenly thought that the bird might be missing its mother. So he at once set the bird free, and the bird flew happily into the sky.

Can I take a break ?

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Life can be good,生活可能美满, Life can be bad,生活可能悲伤, Life is mostly cheerful,生活常常充满欢乐, But sometimes sad.但有时令人沮丧。 Life can be dreams,生活可能是梦幻一场, Life can be great thoughts;生活可能是智慧结晶; Life can mean a person,生活也可能将一个人 Sitting in court.送上被告法庭。 Life can be dirty,生活可能丑陋, Life can even be painful;生活甚至可能痛苦; But life is what you make it,但生活是你自己创造, So try to make it beautiful.所以努力创造幸福。 兰斯顿· 休斯

Learning English is like building a house. Laying a solid foundation is the first and most important step. In other words, you should read and speak English every day. Memorizing new words and phrases is a must. Like building a house, learning English takes some time because Rome isn’t built in a day. So don’t be impatient.

?

2016备考建议

? 今年高考英语考试题型与去年相比变化较大,因此考生在备考过程中 应注意以下问题: ? 1. 认真研读教学大纲和考试说明,研习近年来的考题,以把握高考命 题的方向,及时做出调整。依托教材进行复习,彻底扫除知识结构中 的理解障碍,重视语言基础知识,重点抓基本题型,突出对重点知识 的复习。 ? 2. 备考的重点仍落在阅读理解、完形填空和书面表达等大题上。根据 保证阅读量,每天坚持阅读,尽可能地扩大单词量。通过大量的阅读 理解和完形填空的训练进行有效的语言输入,有选择性地精读部分阅 读文章,总结信息转化的常见手法和干扰项的命题规律。 ? 3. 通过平时的练习及时查缺补漏,发现还未掌握的重点词汇和句型, 加强记忆和巩固,多进行限时训练,根据实际情况预测各题答题时间, 合理分配做题时间。

拼搏成就自己,努力改变人生
——献给高三(9)班渴望改变人生的有志者


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