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Unit 3 重点应掌握词汇


Unit 3 重点应掌握词汇 I Academic word list (AWL) legislation, welfare, analogy, distinction, ignorance, jury, rationality, restraint, document, extract

有些 Academic words 包含在下面 40 个词中, 为避免重复, 不再单独列出. 注:绿体字为 AWL 词汇,为学术英语中的高频词,可作为教学的核心词汇; 灰体字为非重点记忆词汇,不作为考点。
II Discuss the words’ meaning (以下 40 个词里 habitat 和 ideal 两个灰体词不作为词汇考察的一部分。) 1. irrelevant: not useful or not relating to a particular situation, and therefore not important 2. alien: a person who comes from a foreign country or outer space. 3. attribute: to believe or say that a situation or event is caused by something 4. inherent: a quality that is inherent in something is a natural part of it and cannot be separated from it 5. habitat: the natural home of a plant or animal 6. ultimate : someone’s ultimate aim is their main and most important aim, that they hope to achieve in the future (= final) 7. ideal: the best or most suitable that something could possibly be 8. banishment: the state of sending someone away permanently from their country or the area where they live, especially as an official punishment (= exile) 9. aggregate: different amounts, pieces of information etc together to form a group or a total 10. victim: someone who has been attacked, robbed, or murdered 11. justify: to give an acceptable explanation for something that other people think is unreasonable 12. linger: to continue to exist, be noticeable etc for longer than is usual or desirable 13. agony: a very sad, difficult, or unpleasant experience 14. handicap: to make it difficult for someone to do something that they want or need to do 15. sentimental: someone who is sentimental is easily affected by emotions such as love, sympathy, sadness etc, often in a way that seems silly to other people 16. compassion: a strong feeling of sympathy for someone who is suffering, and a desire to help them 17. overdue: not done, paid, returned etc by the time expected

18. claim: a statement that something is true, even though it has not been proved 19. complexity: the quality of being intricate and compounded 20. accuse: to say that you believe someone is guilty of a crime or of doing something bad 21. assault: a military attack to take control of a place controlled by the enemy 22. core: the most important or central part of something 23. conflict: a state of disagreement or argument between people, groups, countries etc 24. invoke: to make a particular idea, image, or feeling appear in people’s minds by describing an event or situation, or by talking about a person 25. violate: to do something that makes someone feel that they have been attacked or have suffered a great loss of respect 26. reverence: (formal) great respect and admiration for someone or something 27. presuppose: to depend on something that is believed to exist or to be true (= assume) 28. assertion: something that you say or write that you strongly believe 29. warrant: a legal document that is signed by a judge, allowing the police to take a particular action 30. obligation: a moral or legal duty to do something 31. reciprocal: a reciprocal arrangement or relationship is one in which two people or groups do or give the same things to each other 32. impose: to force someone to have the same ideas, beliefs etc as you 33. controversy: a serious argument about something that involves many people and continues for a long time 34. confirm: to tell someone that a possible arrangement, date, or situation is now definite or official 35. outcry: an angry protest by a lot of ordinary people 36. inundate: to receive so much of something that you cannot easily deal with it all 37. petition: a written request signed by a lot of people, asking someone in authority to do something or change something 38. opponent: someone who you try to defeat in a competition, game, fight, or argument 39. subject: likely to be affected by something 40. reiterate: (formal)to repeat a statement or opinion in order to make your meaning as clear as possible (= restate)


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