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高一英语北师大版必修3 Unit 9 Lesson 1 on your bike 课件


Unit 9 Wheels

Look at the pictures and identify these means of transport交通工具

plane

balloon

boat

ship

ferry渡船

helicopter 直升飞机

train

lorry 卡车

minibus 小巴

bus

the underground 地铁

motorcycle 摩托车

car

Do you know my transport?

Lesson 1 On Your Bike

China: 600,000,000 bikes The Kingdom of Bicycles (自行车王国) in the 1980s

Do you know which city is called “the city of bicycles”?

Let’s get into Amsterdam!

Find Amsterdam in the map

Amsterdam

Netherlands

Amsterdam is the capital city of Netherlands which has 14 million bicycles among 15 million people. It is called the “City of Bicycles”.

Read the text and answer these questions.
1. Why Amsterdam is called the “City

of Bicycles”?
Because there are plenty of places to

park bikes and most streets in the
city centre have a bicycle lane.

2. Why did the first “white bikes” plan
fail?

Thieves stole the bikes.
3. What effects have the white bikes

had?
There is less traffic in central

Amsterdam.

4.Do you think the “white bikes” would be good for your town or city? Say why.

1960s a group of cycling fans
What were their hopes?
1) save energy 2) reduce pollution 3) provide free public transport

30 years later
What do people do 30 years later?
a computer chip potato chips

1) with a computer chip, have to insert a special card __________________;
insert a bank card into an ATM machine

Purposes What were their hopes?
1) save energy 2) 3)

What do people do 30 Solutions years later?
1) with a computer chip, have to _________________________; 2) are an unusual design ____________________; 3) are parked at _______________; people have to take them to ______ ____________.

with bright colors 2) are an unusual design ______________; special parking places 3) are parked at ___________________; people have to take them to another special parking place _______________________.

What did they do? 1) painted bicycles white, placed them in lots of neighborhoods around Amsterdam; __________________ anybody was allowed to take them; 2) __________________ 3) wherever sb. finished a journey they would leave the bike there for sb. else to use _________________________________;

Taking actions What did they do?
1) painted bicycles white, placed them ______________ around Amsterdam; 2) ________________ to take them; 3) wherever sb. finished a journey they _________________________;

What was the result?

Thieves took them all away within _________________________ weeks.

The result problems What was the→ result?
____________________ within weeks.
minutes

4

Read the text and find the following expressions.
Para 1 ? 享受…的益处 enjoy the benefits of doing… ? 这是个…的好地方 It is a good city for doing… ? 方便… be convenient for sth. ? 许多 plenty of…(可数名词复数或不可数) ? 自行车停放场地 bicycle parking ? 自行车道 bicycle path ? 自行车城 City of Bicycles

Para 2 ? 二十世纪六十年代 in the 1960s ? 自行车迷 cycling fans ? 不准进入市中心 be not allowed in the city centre ? 希望… be hopeful that… save energy ? 节约能源 ? 减少污染 reduce pollution ? 免费交通工具 free public transport ? 街区 neighbourhoods ? 短途旅行 short journeys ? 几周内 within weeks

Para 3 ? 回来了 be back ? 电脑芯片 computer chips ? 记录它们的行动 record its every move ? 插入一张特别的卡片 insert a special card ? 独特的设计 an unusual design ? 鲜亮的颜色 bright colours ? 被停放在… be parked at… ? 足够空间 enough room

Para 4 ? 交通不怎么拥堵 There is less traffic ? 本地人和旅客 locals and tourists ? 多亏… thanks to… ? 享受市中心没有汽车的环境 enjoy city centre streets without cars

Thanks to (多亏了)his help, we finally arrived ? _______ at the station. ? She ___________ is hopeful that (希望) the result will be good. enjoy the benefits of (享受…的 ? People can ________________ 好处) no smoking here. ? The ticket of the concert is ______ (免费的 free ). is convenient for ? This supermarket ____________ (对…很便 利)the local people. enjoy the city without ? The people there ________________ (享受 城市没有…的环境) pollution.

Present Perfect Continuous 现在完成进行时
现在正在 ?进行时 读 I am reading the book. 已经读过 ?完成时 I have read the book. 过去到 ?现在完成进行时 截至说 I have been reading the book.话为止
,一直 在读

Present Perfect Continuous 现在完成进行时

?由“助动词have(has) + been+动 词的ing形式”构成 :
? She has been swimming. ? I have been thinking about this problem. ? They have been cooking in the kitchen.

Present Perfect Continuous 现在完成进行时
1. 表示从过去某时开始一直延续到说话时还 在进行,或可能还要继续下去的动作。它通 常和“for…”或“since…”的时间状语连 用。 I have been waiting for a letter from my parents. 我一直在等我父母的回信。 It 雨已经下了三个小时。 has been raining for three hours.
我们自从 2004studying 年开始一直在这里读书。 We have been here since 2004.

Present Perfect Continuous 现在完成进行时
2. 表示从过去某时开始,一直延续到说话时 刻,可能刚刚结束的动作。 ? She has been sweeping the street all day. She is too tired. 她整天都在扫大街。她太累了。 ? We have been waiting for you for two hours. We don't want to wait any longer. 我们已经等了你两小时。 我们不想再等了。

Present Perfect Continuous 现在完成进行时

我在这坐了一个下午了。
他弟弟十岁起就一直收集各种各样的邮票。
I have been sitting here for the afternoon.

His brother has been collecting stamps since he was 10.

Present Perfect Continuous 现在完成进行时
我一个星期没有给花浇水了。 这些年,他都没有一直在这教书。 I haven’t been watering the flowers for a week. He hasn’t been teaching here these years.

Present Perfect Continuous 现在完成进行时
你一直在写一本小说吗? 他一直给你写信吗? Have you been writing a novel? Has he been writing letters to you?

时态对比
? 现在完成进行时与现在进行时比较: 现在完成进行时强调某一动作从过去一直 延续到现在;而现在进行时只指目前正在发 生的动作。试比较: Susan has been reading that storybook since last night. 从昨晚开始苏珊就一直在看那本故事书。 Susan is reading a storybook now. 苏珊正在看一本故事书。

时态对比
? 现在完成进行时和现在完成时比较: ⑴有些动词(如:work, study, live, teach 等)用现在完成进行时与现在完成时表达的 意思差不多。试比较: The teacher has been teaching at this school for ten years. 十年来,那位老师一直在这所学校教书。 The teacher has taught at this school for ten years. 那位老师在这所学校已经教了十年书了。

时态对比
? ⑵现在完成时如果不带表示一段时间的状语, 就只能表示动作的完成,而现在完成进行时 则表示动作的延续。试比较: They have built a new lab. 他们建造了一幢新的实验室。(表示动作的完 成) They have been building a new lab (these years). 他们(这几年)一直在建造一幢新的实验室。( 无论用时间状语还是不用时间状语,都表示 动作的延续)

1. How long have you been here? A. stood B. to stand C. standing D. stands 2. The student has been the novel since he finished school. A. wrote B. writing C. written D. writes 3. — Hi, David! Are you tired? — Yes, I am tired. I the classrooms for 4 hours. A. am cleaning B. was cleaning C. have been cleaning D. had cleaned

4. Where have you been? We you everywhere. A. have been looking for B. has looked for C. had looked for D. has been looking for 5. — It for nearly a week. Will it last long? — No, it's reported that we'll have a fine weekend. A. have rained B. has been raining C. rains D. rained

Homework
Do you think “white bikes” will be good for Hebi? Why? (e.g. convenience? benefits?) …


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