2015~2016 学年度 武汉市部分学校新高三起点调研测试 英 语 试 卷
武汉市教育科学研究院命制 2015.9.9 本试卷分第 1 卷（选择题）和第Ⅱ卷（非选择题）两部分。本试卷共 12 页。全卷满分 l50 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 ★祝考试顺利★ 第I卷 注意事项： l.答卷前，考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上，并将准考证
号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。 2.选择题的作答：每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂 黑。如需改动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其它答案标号。答在试题卷、草稿纸上无效。 3．完成句子和短文写作题的作答：用黑色的签字笔将答案直接答在答题卡上对应的 答题区域内。答在试题卷、草稿纸上无效。 4．考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后，请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。 第一部分听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 做题时，先将答案划在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答 案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小 题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A. ￡ 19. 15. B.￡ 9. 15. C. ￡ 9. 18. 答案：B l. Wherc cloes the conversation probably take place？ A. In a photoshop. B.At the airport. C. At the post office. 2.What does the man offer to do? A．Go to the bookstore. B. Lend the woman his book. C. Underline the important parts. 3. How does the woman feel about the man's report? A. Satisfied. B.Disappointed. C.Puzzled. 4. What does the woman ask the man to do? A. Call for a taxi. B.Lock the suitcases. C.Pack the clothes. 5．What is the woman? A.A driver. B.A policewoman. C.A passenger. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A\B\C 三个
选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各 个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两 遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6.What does the man have to do today? A. Visit his lawyer. B.Co to the doctor. C.Make an appmntment. 7.What will the woman probably do for the man? A. Answer his phone. B.Call his lawyer. C.Take notes at the meeting. 昕第 7 段材料，回答第 8.9 题。 8. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A.A new city library. B.Their math homework. C.Their college library. 9.What's the probable reason for the man's going for coffee? A．Feeling tired. B. Missing the old days. C. Meeting the math professor there. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Where are the two speakers probably? A. On the street. B.In a shop. C.At the Lost and Found. 11. What kind of backpack is it? A.A sports one. B.A leather one. C.A childish one. 12. What's the man's opinion of the woman? A. Responsible. B.Tricky. C.Strict. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Where did the woman work as a costume designer? A.In Vermont. B.In San Diego. C.In Hollywood. 14. What is the woman's main interest？ A. Museum. B.Theater. C.Fashion. 15. Why is the woman moving to New York City? A. It's where she grew up. B．There is a job offer. C. She wants to be near her parents. 16. What does the woman intend to do? A. Live with her parents. B.Apply for a job. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What is the aim of the program? A. To keep trainees in shape. B. To develop leadership skills. C. To improve public relations. 18. What will the trainees do during the program? A. Make plans for a journey. B. Prepare reports for the company. C. Attend lectures on management. 19. How long will the program last? A.8 days. B.12 days. C.20 days.
C.Buy an apartmnent.
20. What should people do to join the program? A. Sign on a piece of paper. B.Pay for the program.
C.Take a test in advance.
第二部分阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A USA's participation in World WarⅡbrought major changes to the lives of American women. Before the war,there had been a huge pool of female labour,consisting largely of young,single women. Many jobs were closed to them and they were effectively restrictetl to working in domestic service and selling-goods business. Wartime production requirements, however,combined with the loss of the men who entered the military,provided women with the opportunity to move into a far wider range of jobs. The response to the US govemment's request for more women workers was amazing and the changes marvelous.ln 1941,there were 14.6 million women workers; by 1944 the number had grown to over 19.4 million. At one point during those wars,more than 50 percent of American women worked and by 1945 half of all women workers were over 35 years old. Women were particularly active in the defense industries. Between 1940 and 1944 women working in enterprises that produced goods increased by 141 percent. In Detroit in 1943 ,\~'omen made up 91 percent of the new hirings in 185 war plants. Over 10 percent of all shipbuilders were women. Most of these jobs came with a "pink-slip" attached,as women understood that they would be dismissed when the men returned from the war. Women were also frustrated by unfair pay differentials,for men were paid more money for doing the same job. With the end of the war and armymen being sent home,women were released twice as fast as men. In 1945, three-quarters of the women in aircraft and shipbuilding were let go,and women in the car industry decreased from 25 percent t0 7 percent. Although women found their work satisfying and liberating,postwar publicity focused on women's duty to help the returning soldiers fit in with society by "making him the man of the home again". When the war ended,many women left work to take up the duties of homemaking and raising children. 21. Before World War II,women in the USA had jobs mostly related to . A. aircraft production B. shipbuilding C. sales business D. defense industries 22. When women were offered jobs in industries,they knew that their jobs would be _ A. temporary B. permanent C. frustrating D. highly paid 23. When the war ended,media made women believe that . A. their work was satisfying B. their work was worthwhile C. they should help the army D. they should take care of the family B The Great Plague(瘟疫) of London in 1665 was the last in a long senies of plague that first began in London in June 1499.1t killed between 75,000 and 100,000. First suspected in
late 1664,it began to spread eastwards in April 1665 from the poor suburb of St. Giles to the crowded and dirty communities on its way to the walled City of London. The Great Plague at Its Peak By September 1665 ,the death rate had reached 8,000 per week. Helpless city authorities began to abandon quarantine(隔离) measures. Houses containing the dead and dying were no longer locked. London's mournful silence was broken by the noise of carts carrying the dead for burial in churches or public plague pits. Well-off residents soon fled to the countryside,leaving the poor behind in poor old commun/ties.Thousands of dogs and cats were killed to remove a feared source of contagion (传染) ,and piles of rotting garbage were burned. Doctors cut swellings and bled black spots in attempts to cure plague victims. Plague Orders prohibited churches from keeping dead bodies in their buildings during public assemblies or services,and camers of the dead had to identify themselves and could not mix with the public. ' Samuel Pepys: Eyewitness Accounts In his famous diary,Samuel Pepys,a member of Parliament,conveyed the sad image of desperate people wandering the streets in search of relief from the ruins of the plague. His notes during 1665 indicated the severity of London's Great Plague. In July,he mourned " the sad news of the death of so manv in the community,forty last night,the bell always going either for deaths or burials. " A month lat.er,when London's death rate rose sharply, Pepys noted that surviors "are forced to carry the dead to be buried by daylight,the nights not enough to do it The Plague Declines and the Government Reacts By February 1666,the Great Plague had nearly run its course.lt died out during the Great Fire that same year and never returned. Central parts of London were rebuilt with wider streets to relieve crowding and better waste water svstems to improve public cleanliness. New Plague Orders were issued in May 1666,which banned the burial of future plague victims in churches and small churchyards, enforced the use of quicklime (生石灰) at chosen burial sites, and strictly prohibited opening graves less than one year after burial as a safeguard against the spread of infection. 24.1n the course o_f the Great PJague,it was a common practice to . A. keep dead bodies in the church buildings B. burn piles of rotting garbage in the streets C. carry the dead for church burials in the daytime D. unlock the houses containing the dead and dying 25.lt can be inferred from the passage that _ . A. dogs and cats were certain to spread the piague B. doctors' treatment of plague victims was effective C. city authorities allowed rich residents to go to the countryside D. quarantine measures were powerless in preventing the plague 26. How did Samuel Pepys feel when the bell was going all the night during the Great Plague? A. Frightened. B. Relieved. C. Sorrowful. D. Moody. 27. What's the main purpose of this writing? A. To blame poor public cleanliness for plague.
B. To inform readers of what happened in the Great Plague. C. To show that plague was closely related to church activities. D. To prove that plague could be controlled by humans. C Famous writer Edgar Allan Poe wrote 70 poems and 66 short stories during his life,but published only one novel. That book, The Narrative of Arthur Gordon, Pym of Nantucket,is fiction,focusing on Pym's bad luck on a whaling ship. The novel,published in 1838 ,involves an attempted rebellion of the whaling ship. Pym and two others drive back the rebels,killing or throwing overboard all but one. The spared rebel, named Richard Parker,is kept aboard in order to help operate the ship. But as the ship overturns,it has no adequate food. Parker suggests that cannibalism(食人) is the only way out,and they draw straws to determine the victim. Parker loses and becomes dinner. But in 1846 a real-life Richard Parker died in a shipwreck(船难) . He and 20 0thers were on board the doomed Francis Spaight, which sank, killing all on board. It was a mere coincidence,as it involved neither rebellion nor cannibahsm. In 1884,the coincidence became extremely horrible. A boat named the Mignonette sank, and four people went into a lifeboat. And just like in Pym's tale,the four found themselves lacking food and were desperate. They did not draw straws;however,two of the remaining three simply killed the youngest,a cabin boy who had fallen unconscious. All three then dined on the now-dead 17 year old. The cabin boy's name,of course,was Richard Parker. As for rebellion,one needs to travel back t0 1797 ,before Poe penned his novel although there is little evidence that Poe had known about this Richard Parker or intentionally chose his name for the Pym novel. That year,another man named Richard Parker led a rebellion of the British Naval base at Nore,taking over a number of ships. But as food was running out,Parker ordered "his" fleet to head toward France. The ship he was on foUowed this order but none of the other ships did,and Parker was arrested then was hanged as punishment. This series of coincidences has not gone entirely unnoticed. In 2001,author Yann Martel published The Life of Pi,which was made into a movie for release in November of 2012.lt teLls the story of a man who finds himself trapped on a lifeboat with a few animals,including a Bengal tiger. Martel showed respect for the shipwrecked men spoken about above by naming the tiger Richard Parker. And while there is probably nothing to this strange occurrence,if vour name is Richard Parker,you may want to stay away from boats. 28. The underlined part " draw straws" ( Para.2) suggests someone will be chosen to A. deal with straws B. enjoy a good opportunity C. make a clever decision D. do something unpleasant 29. What made the coincidence in 1884 extremely temble? A. Cannibalism without drawing straws. B. Shipwreck and rebellion. C. Rebellion and cannibalism. D. Hanging and cannibalism. 30. What can be learnt about the name Richard Parker? A. It was chosen on purpose by Allan Poe.
B.lt seemed connected with strange coincidences. C.It was popular both in fiction and in reality. D.It was originally a name for a Bengal tiger. 31. To those Richard Parkers who wish to sail on the sea,this passage makes for _ A. a complete nonsense B. an accurate prediction C. an interesting warning D. an impressive joke D What is the main testing ground of fears about incomplete or inadequate child reariry? The college admission process. If you are afraid you don't discipline your children enough,the evidence of parental failure is right there in front of everyone. The child is not filling out her college applications ! lf you are afraid that you have allowed your children to watch too much television and settle for low grades,you will have to answer for the consequences. The over-involvement of many parents in the process is,from my perspective,a cover for this deep parental anxiety: Did I do a good job with this child? Did I do everything I needed to do for this child? Is this child going to have a good life? I have seen manv parents,dive back into their children's lives at college admission time, trying to fill all of their wisdom and discipline into their children at the last moment. Parents may need to be sure as their children leave the nest that they reall} have taught them how to fly. Since it is impossible to assess the quality of what parents have done for their children at this point,the next best thing is the status of the colege to which the child is admitted. From the point of an anxious parent,an "Ivy l,eague college" child is proof of better child rearing than a "small college" child. I once sat with a talented,weak senior girl and her brilliant parents. She,they,and the school had to decide whether she should remam m school or go into a hospital. In light of her anorexia( 厌食 ) ,the school recommended strongly that she not file her early application to Princeton. Upon hearing this,the girl looked at the adults in the room and said,"If I can't apply early to Princeton,l'll die. " Her parents were also eager to have her get into Princeton. Why did they all need this so desperately? Because,in this case,something was wrong in the family. Due to some weakness in her upbringing,this child was not happy or self-confident. Yet she was eighteen,the culture required her to leave home. The psychological solution for them all was the comforting vision of a great college. Somehow going there would make her life fine and defend her parents' child rearing. Such fears about letting go of an unfmished child exist in all families. How can we let go of a child who is still so young in so many ways? It is painful and has no cure except time and hope. For parents looking for a painkiller,the college admission process is where they can work out their anxieties. 32. What does the underlined word "rearjng" ( Para.l) mean? A. Adopting. B. Raising, C. Educating. D. Spoiling. 33. What is implied in parents' over-involvement in their children's college admission process in
the author's view? A. Care and concern. B. Over protection. C. Great parental wisdom. D. Deep parental anxietv. 34. What should parents do according to the author? A. Help children fill out their college applications. B. Fallinto children's lives at college admission time. C. Prepare children for the future before they leave home. D. Access the quality of what they have done for their children. 35. According lothe passage,what can defend the parents' child rearing? A.A great college. B.Time and hope. C. Confidence of children. D.Independence of children. 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为 多余选项。 I often went fishing up in Maine during the summer. Personallv I am ver)' fonci of strawberries and cream. but I have found that for some strange reason, fish prefer insects. 36 Ithought about what they wanted.I didn't bait the hook with strawberries and cream. Rather,l swung an insect or a grasshopper(蚱蜢)in front of the fish and said: "Wouldn't you like to have that？" 37 That is what Lloyd George,Great Britain's Prime Minister during World War I,did. When someone asked him how he mlanaged to stay 协 power after the over wartime leaders - Wilson, Orlando and Clemenceau - had been forgotten,he replied that if his staying on top might be owing to any one thing,it would be to lus having learned that it was necessary to bait the hook to suit the fish. Why talk about what we want? That is childish. Absurd. 38 But no one else is.The rest of us are just like you: we are interested in what we want. 39Remember that tomorrow- when you are trying to get someone to do something . If, for example,you don't warit your children to smoke,don't argue with them,aild don't talk about what vou want; but show them that cigarettes may keep them from making the basketball team or winning che hundred-yard dash. 40Before you speak,pause and ask vourself: "How can I make this person "ant to do it"' A. Of course,you are interestedinhat vou want and you are alwavs interested in it. B. Whv not use the same c-ommon sense when fishing for pPople'? C. Tomorrow you mav want to persuade somebody fo do something. D.That is a good thing to remember regardless of whether vou are dealing w'irh children or animals. E. So the only way on earth to influence other people is to talk about what they want and show them how to getit F. You have wanted the money very much. G. So when l went fishing,l didn't think about what l wanted. 第三部分英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A\B.C 和 D）中，选出可以填人空白 处的最佳选项，并在答题}上将该项涂黑： I stoPpedat at a grocery store the other clay because l was about to go on a long drive and 1 wanted to buv my favorite drink for the trip. As l walked up to the 41 ,I noticed a man and a boy who was about 10 or 12 years old standing at the front of the store. Customers walked past,as the man handed them half-sheets of white paper.l walked up to them with curiosity, 42 what cause they were representing. As I got 43 ,I saw that they had two carts starting to44 with groceries. I said hello and the man 45 me and handed me one of the pieces of paper,explaining that they were 46 donations for the local food storeroom. On the paper was a simple 47 of food items: peanut butter,noodles,pasta sauce,canned fruits and vegetables. It als0 48 a short story about the boy and his 49 to collect food donations since the age of 8.1 was really 50 that someone so young would be so interested in 51 0thers.I told him it was an awesome idea and that he should be 52 0f himself. He smiled. Then,l went inside to get my drink. 53 ,the store didn't have it in stock. But,l wasn't 54 ,because by then I felt I had another mission（使命） ．1 went through the store, 55 things from the list,then brought them back out to the boy and put them in the cart. I 56 gave the man the sheet of paper back to reuse for another 57。They thanked me and offered me a candy bar as a 58 ,but I said to pass lt on to someone else. As l walked back to my____59,the boy's well-intcntioned spirit stuck with me. How 60 to encounter a young boy with strong determination to do good deeds,and the courage to act on it． It made my day! 41. A.exit B.cntrance C.shclf D.food 42. A.expecting B.realizing C.judging D.wondening 43. A.closer B.calmer C.in D.out 44. A.move B.tlll C.meel D.cover 45. A.caught B.struck C.greeted D.ignored 46. A.offering B.giving C.collecting D.designing 47. A.list B.reeipe C.choice D. set 48.A.created B.included C.exposed D.developed 49.A.promise B.motivation C.preparations D.effons 50.A.touched B.puzzled C.disappointed D.embarrassed 51.A.teaching B.encouraging C.helping D.influencing 52.A.aware B.proud C.confidenl D.indepenclent 53.A.Luckily B.Generally C.Unfortunately D.Surprisinglv 54.A.upset B.curious C.serious D.thirsty 55.A.picking B.borrowing C.hiding D.making 56.A.still B.even C.ever D.also
57.A.friend B.boy C.boss D.customer 58.A.result B.treat C.supplement D.compensation 59.A.office B.home C.car D.routine 60.A.amusing B.interesting C.inspiring D.convincing
第三部分英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填人适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 When I first amved in London I did not know 61 to expect,so 1 was excited 62 ( explore) and experience this new culture. As l was heading to the Worrell house,l realized that London was similar 63 New York City.lt had 64 (it) city center and suburbs. Each neighborhood had grocery stores,restaurants and vanous sources of entertainment. In a way,l felt comforted,like l was home and felt as if l would not be 65 (complete) lost in this foreign city. Immediately,1 66 (notice) that London had a"do it yourself attitude,but not to the extent of New York City.I hired a taxi driver and instead of the driver 67 (carry) my bags to the car and loading them,l did. When my classmates and l \vent to the local pubs, 68 ( like) in America,we had to order and pay for our food and drinks at the bar. We received our 69 (drink) from the bar,but the waiter brought the food out to our table.l am not saying that there is no customer service or hospitality i11 London,_70 those were the tw+o tliings that realy stuck out to me. 第四部分写作（共两节；满分 35 分） 第一节短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文 中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修 改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(A)，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词： 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词： 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 On my first day in the capital,I visited the Old Tower which stands on a hill near the citV centre. There was stairs leading to the top, so I decided to take the lift. At the top there was a tower and a balcony there visitors could stand and enjoying the view. It was magnificent - you could see whole city, theriver and the hills bevoncl. In nw way back from the Tower,1 went past the mainly square in the city centre.I stopped at a stall to have some more orange juice, sat there and watched the traffc for a while. The square was ver busy,W-ith cars, buses. bicycles and pedestrians gone in all directions. Iii the centre of the square there was a policeman controlling the traffic. 第二节书面表达（满分 25 分） ． 假如你叫李华，打算参加由英国 Newcastle 中学推出的为期半年的交换生项目
( Student Exchange Program)。请给对方写信简要陈述参加该项目的理由，内容包括： 1．结识朋友，相互介绍本国文化； 2．家庭寄宿( homestay)，体验生活，提高口语能力； 3．观光旅游，增长见识，了解风土人情。 注意：1.词数 120 左右； 2．可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3．开头语已为你写好。 Dear sir,