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2016版高考总复习英语(人教版)常考句式课件: 不定式的省略现象


考点28 不定式的省略现象

难点诠释 典型例题

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难点诠释 在一定的上下文中,为了避免重复,有时不定式可以省 略,但通常保留不定式符号to。 代替动词不定式后被省略掉的动词,常在be afraid, expect, forget, hope, intend, like, love, mean, prefer, refuse, try, want, wish等后面。 I asked him to see the film, but he didn't want to. 我叫他去看电影,但他不想去。 在have, need, ought, be going, used等后面。 I didn't want to go there, but I had to. 我不想去那儿,但不得不去。

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难点诠释

在某些形容词glad, happy, pleased, delighted, afraid, willing, eager等后面。 --Will you join in the game? 你想一起做游戏吗? --I'd be glad to. 好的。 否定形式的省略用not to。 --Shall I go instead of him? 我要代替他去吗? --I prefer not to. 我宁愿不。 如果省略的不定式结构中含有be, have, have been, 则要保留这些词。 --Are you monitor of our class? 你是我们的班长吗? --No, but I'd like to be. 不,但是我想当。
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高考链接(2009.江苏卷)

--What's the matter with Della? --Well, her parents wouldn't allow her to go to the party, but she still ________. A. hopes to B. hopes so C. hopes not D. hopes for
答案解析

本题易误选B,原因在于分不清hope to与hope so。hope so意为“希望如此”,在句中是she still hopes her parents wouldn't allow her to go to的意思,显然不合题意。而 hope to在句中是she still hopes to go to the party的意思, 符合语境。答案:A

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对应训练一

The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in

the street but his mother told him____.
A. not to C. not do it B. not to do D. don't do
答案解析

句意:男孩想在街上骑车但 是他妈妈不让他骑。not to 是动词不定式的省略形式, 补充完整是:but his mother told him not to ride his bicycle in the street.答案:A

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对应训练二

--I didn't tell him the news.
--Oh, you ought ________. A. to B. not to

C. not to have

D. to have

答案解析

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对应训练三

--Will the Smiths leave for Australia this winter? -- No, they finally decided ________. A. not to be leaving B. to not leave C. not to D. not leaving 答案解析

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对应训练四

--Would you like to go to the movie with me? --I'm ________. A. willing to go B. willing C. willing to D. willing to go to
答案解析

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