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【学海导航】2012届高中英语第2轮复习 专题1 第4课时 形容词与副词课件



第1课时

单项填空
形容词与副词

— How was your recent trip to Sichuan?
— I've never had ______ one before. (2011· 四 川卷) A. a pleasant C. a most pleasant B. a more

pleasant D. the most pleasant

思路点拨

B

考查比较级的否定。句意:——你

最近的四川之旅怎么样?——我从来没有比这次
更快乐的旅行了。言外之意这次是我最快乐的。

not,never等否定词与比较级连用表达最高级意义。

【考点1】形容词作定语的后置规律 形容词作定语一般位于所修饰的名词前,但是在下 列情况下作定语的形容词却要位于所修饰的名词之后:

1. 形容词短语作定语时要后置。
______ to take this adventure course will certainly learn a lot of useful skills. A. Brave enough students B. Enough brave students

C. Students brave enough
D. Students enough brave

C enough修饰形容词时要位于形容词之 后,排除B和D。brave enough to…是形容词短语 作定语,修饰students,要置于名词students之后。

2. 表语形容词作定语要后置。

All the people present at the party were his supporters. 3. 形容词修饰不定代词something, anything, nothing等时,要位于后面。
Is there anything important in the paper?

【考点2】多个形容词作定语的排序 多个形容词修饰名词时,其排序规律是: (限定词+程度副词+) 描绘性形容词+表示 大小(长短、高低)、形状、年龄(新旧)的形容 词+表颜色的形容词+表国籍或产地的形容 词+表物质材料的形容词+表类别或用途的 形容词+名词。

John Smith, a successful businessman, has a ______ car.
A. large German white B. large white German C. white large German D. German large white

B

按“大小+颜色+产地”的顺序排列。

______ students are required to take part in the boat race.

A. Ten strong young Chinese
B. Ten Chinese strong young C. Chinese ten young strong D. Young strong ten Chinese

A 数词是限定词,应排在形容词前,排 除 C 和 D ; 又 strong 是 描 绘 , young 是 年 龄 , Chinese是国籍,其先后顺序应为“描绘+年龄+ 国籍”。

限定词的排序:前位限定词 (指量限定词all, both, half 等 ; 倍 数 词 double, twice 等 ; 分 数 词 onethird, twofifths等) +中位限定词 (冠词;指 示代词;形容词性物主代词;名词所有格)+后 位限定词 (序数词及last, next等;基数词及few, several等)。

The husband gave his wife ______ every month in order to please her.

A. all half his income
B. his half all income C. half his all income D. all his half income

A all和half都是前位限定词,his是中位 限定词,所以his要位于all和half之后,只有A正 确。

— How was your recent visit to Qingdao? — It was great. We visited some friends, and spent the ______ days at the seaside. A. few last sunny C. last sunny few B. last few sunny D. few sunny last

B last, few是限定词,sunny是描绘性形 容词,根据“限定词+形容词”的原则,排除C 和D。又根据“序数词(包括last, past, next, another 等)+基数词(包括few, several等)”的原则,排除A。

【考点3】副词在句中的位置规律 1. 副词修饰形容词或其他副词时,一般 位于被修饰词的前面,但enough却要放在被 修饰的形容词或副词的后面。
If I had ______, I'd visit Europe, stopping at the small interesting places.

A. a long enough holiday
B. an enough long holiday C. a holiday enough long D. a long holiday enough

A

enough要放在形容词long之后。

______, some famous scientists have the qualities of being both careful and careless.
A. Strangely enough C. Strange enough B. Enough strangely D. Enough strange

A 修饰整个句子,要用副词,排除C和D; 副词enough应放在它所修饰的副词strangely的后 面,所以选A。

2. 频度副词always, usually, often, never等 一般放在行为动词前,或者情态动词、助动 词或be动词之后。 She always gets up early. (副词always放在行为 动词gets之前) She is seldom late for school. (副词seldom放在 be动词之后)

3. 表示地点的副词常放在句末;表示确 定时间的副词放在句首或句末;表示方式的 副词通常放在“动词(+宾语)”之后,也可放 在其他位置;同时有表示时间、地点和方式 的副词时,其顺序一般为:方式+地点+时 间。 ______ I went to the railway station to see my friend off. A. After eating quickly my dinner B. After my quickly eating dinner

C. After eating my dinner quickly
D. After eating my quickly dinner

C
后。

方式副词一般位于“动词(+宾语)”之

【考点4】ed形容词和ing形容词的区别 ed形容词,通常说明人,意为“(某人)感 到 ……” ; - 形 容 词 通 常 说 明 事 物 , 意 为 ing “(某事物)令人……”或“令人……的(事物)”。 这样成对的形容词有:interested / interesting; excited / exciting; frightened / frightening; surprised / surprising; pleased / pleasing; moved / moving; disappointed / disappointing等。

It is believed that if a book is ______, it will surely ______ the reader.
A. interested; interest

B. interesting; be interested
C. interested; be interesting

D. interesting; interest

D 指 书 令 人 有 趣 用 interesting 而 不 用 interested,排除A和C。interest是动词,“使…… 有趣”。

即使ed形容词用以说明事物,那也是指与 该事物相关的人;即使ing形容词用以说明人, 也是指此人具有该性质或特征。 He told me the news in an excited voice. The man is interesting. 另 外 , glad, happy, sorry, angry, thankful, proud等的主语也只能是人;而 pleasant, easy, difficult, important等则通常以事物或it作主语, 因为它们是说明事物的。

— I'm very ______ with my own cooking. It looks nice and smells delicious. — Hmm, it does have a ______ smell.

A. pleasant; pleased
C. pleasant; pleasant

B. pleased; pleased
D. pleased; pleasant

D pleased指“(人)感到高兴”,pleasant 指“令人愉快的(事物)”。

【考点5】形容词和副词的比较级 — The film is, I have to say, not a bit interesting.

— Why? It's ______ than the films I have ever seen. (2011· 江西卷) A. far more interesting
B. much less interesting C. no more interesting D. any less interesting

A 考查形容词比较级。程度副词可修饰 形容词比较级,放于比较级前。而根据句意前一 句说这部电影一点也不有趣。后一句进行反问为 什么?我觉得它比我之前看的任何电影都有趣多 了。

(1)…(修饰语)+比较级+ than…,常见的 修饰语是much, a lot, a great deal, far, even, a bit, a little, any (否定句,疑问句中),具体的数据。 He is much taller than Yao Ming.

He is a head taller than Yao Ming.
(2)the+比较级,the+比较级;越……,越……

The sooner, the better。
(3)the+比较级 of+两者;例: the taller of the twins

(4)…less + 原级+ than 不如…… She is less tall than her sister. (5)no+比较级+than= as+该词的反义词+ as 和……一样不……

She is no taller than her sister.

【考点6】原级比较 (1)as+原级+as 像……一样

(2)not as/so+原级+ as 不如那样
(3)as + adj. + a/an + 名 词 + as ( 像 …… 一 样 的……) I've never seen as tall a boy as Tom. (4)as much + a/ an + 名 词 + as 和 …… 一 样 是…… Music is as much an art as painting.

【考点7】常见as…as…结构 as…as possible 尽可能……地

as early as 早在……
as far as 远至……; 就……,尽……

as many as 多达……
as much as 多达……;和……一样是……

【考点8】常见的倍数的三种表达法 The new stadium being built for the next Asian Games will be ______ the present one.(2011· 陕西卷) A. as three times big as B. three times as big as C. as big as three times D. as big three times as

B

考查形容词的倍数比较。

(1)A is倍数the +表比较内容的名词(size, weight, area, width, length 等)of B (2)A is倍数as +adj.的原级(large, heavy/ many, much〈+n.〉) + as B (3)A is倍数adj.的比较级 (larger, heavier, more 等) +than B

注意:句型3的倍数比句型1、2的倍数要少一倍。


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