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外研社必修四Module 3 Body language and Non-verbal Communication单元学案


Module 3 Body language and Non-verbal Communication
类别 课标定位·高效导学 课程标准要求掌握的项目 communication n.交流,沟通 host n.主人,东道主;v.主持 communicate vi.传递信息,交流 toast vt.烘,烤,祝酒 unconscious adj.不省人事的 sip vt

啜饮;n.抿 vary vt.改变 blank adj.空白的 formal adj.正式的,礼仪上的 panic n./v. 恐慌,惊慌 aggressive adj.好斗的,勇于进取的 rude adj.粗野的,残暴的 traditionally adv.传统上,照惯例 invitation n.邀请,招待 gesture n.姿势,手势,姿态 request n.请求,要求;vt.请求,要求 threatening adj.恐吓的,具有威胁的 favor n.恩惠,善意的行为 deal n.交易,协议;vi.处理 live adj.实况转播的 involve vt.使卷入,牵涉,包括 performance n.履行,表演,表现 slightly adv.轻微地 classical adj.古典的,经典的 informal adj.非正式的 applause n.喝彩,夸奖,称赞;vt.鼓掌 spread vt.伸开,传播 judgement n.意见,审判,判断 slap vt.掌击,掴 prolong vt.延长,拖延 conscious adj.意识到的,有意识的 equality n.同等,平等 bend vt.弯曲,弯下腰 social adj.社会的,社交的 stare vi.凝视,盯着看 infectious adj.传染的,感染性的 wipe vt.揩,擦 funeral n.葬礼 communicate…with… 与 ?? 进 行 交 take off 脱下,起飞,成功 流 lift up 举起 not at all 不客气,一点儿也不 up and down 上上下下 give reasons for 给出支持的理由 by accident 偶然,意外地 vary from…to…变化的范围是从?? make a toast to 向??敬酒 到?? take a sip 抿一口,尝一口 on guard 站岗,值班 feel lonely 感到孤独,感到寂寞 shake hands with 与??握手 switch on 打开(灯、无线电等) hold up 举起,耽搁,抢劫 mind reader 能知他人心思者 join hands 携手,齐心协力 say hello to 向??问好 make a deal 成交,达成交易 add…to…把??添加到??上 give away 分发,赠送,泄露(秘密等) make a list of 列出??的清单 rely on 依赖,依靠 choose from 从??中选择 You should shake hands when you meet new people. Can I ask you a favor? What on earth can I talk about? Have a great time! What shall I do if I’m invited to dinner? Adverbial clause of condition However hungry you are, you shouldn’t start Adverbial clause of concession to eat before you host does.

重点 单词

重点 短语

功能 交际

语法

Section Ⅰ Introduction, Reading and Vocabulary & Function 知识整合·能力聚焦 考点搜索 1:communicate 的用法 【例 1】Using body language in a correct way __________ people and make the stay in a foreign country easy and comfortable. A. agree with B. communicate with C. communicate to D. agree on 解析:考查短语辨析:agree with 同意,(气候、食物)适合某人;communicate with 与?? 进行交流;communicate to 向某人传达(新闻、消息、感情等);agree on 就??达成一致。 句意:正确地运用身势语有助于同人们进行交际,并使你在外国逗留时会感到轻松而愉快。 答案:B 名师点金:communicate 的用法 ⑴communicate 作动词,意为“交流,传递(消息、感情等)”; ①communicate…with… 与??进行交流 ②communicate sth. to sb.向某人传达(新闻、消息、感情等) ⑵communication 作名词,意为“交流,传递”; We communicate with each other via email. 我们之间通过电子邮件交流。 The information was communicated to officials in July 2010. 这一信息于 2010 年 7 月传递给了官员。 原文对照:How much do you communicate with your body? 考点搜索 2:involve 的用法 【例 2】There were too many people _________ the matter. A. involving B. involving in C. involved D. involved in 解析:考查短语 be involved in sth.与??有牵连,该题目中由 involved in 做 people 的后置定 语。句意:太多的人与此事有瓜葛。 答案:D 名师点金:involve 的用法 ⑴involve 作动词,意为“包括,牵涉,使参与”; ①be/get involved in 卷入??,涉及?? ②be involved in doing sth.专心一意做某事 ③involve sb. in sth.要求(允许)某人参与某事 ⑵involvement 作名词,意为“卷入,牵连”; He was deeply involved in debt after his company went bankrupt. 他的公司破产后,他债台高筑。 She involved herself in reading her favorite novel. 她专注地读着她最喜欢的小说。 Forty-six vehicles were involved in the accident. 那起事故祸及到了 46 辆车。 原文对照:Greeting in Asian countries do not involve touching the other person, but they always involve the hands. 考点搜索 3:give away 的用法 【例 3】If a person has not had enough sleep, his actions will give him __________ during the day. A. away B. up C. in D. back

解析:考查 give 短语搭配:give away 表露,流露;give up 放弃;give in 屈服;give back 归 还,送回。句意:如果一个人睡眠不足,那他一天的(无精打采的)举止会泄露这一点。 依据句意理解,则选项 A 符合题意。 答案:A 【例 4】 (2009 湖北) During the war there was a serious lack of food. It was not unusual that even the wealthy families had to___________ bread for days. A. eat up B. give away C. do without D. deal with 解析:考查动词短语辨析:eat up 吃光;give away 泄露,表露,分发,赠送;do without 不 用或没有某人/某事也行;deal with 处理,对待,应付。句意:战争期间,粮食严重匮乏。 甚至富有的家庭几天不吃面包也是很正常的。依据句意理解,选项 C 符合题意。 答案:C 名师点金:give away 的用法 ⑴捐赠,分送 He gave away most of his fortune to the poor. 他把自己的大部分钱财送给了穷人。 ⑵泄露(秘密) I was afraid the boy would give the whole thing away. 恐怕这个男孩会把整件事说出去。 ⑶颁发,分发 The headmaster will give away the prizes at the school speech day. 校长将在毕业典礼上颁发奖品。
原文对照:People give away much more by their gestures than by their words.

考点搜索 4:toast 的用法 【例 5】We ___________ our success with beer. A. propose B. toasted C. hold D. congratulated 解析:考查动词词义辨析:propose 建议;toast 敬酒;hold 举行,拿起;congratulate 祝贺, 庆贺(某人)。句意:我们举杯用啤酒庆贺我们的成功。依据句意理解,则选项 B 符合题 意。 答案:B 名师点金:toast 的用法 (1)toast 作动词,意为“烤(面包等),使暖和,敬酒”; He toasts himself before a fire. 他在火炉前烤火。 This bread toasts well. 这个面包烤得不错。 He was toasted by all his friends.他的朋友全都向他祝酒。 Let’s toast the friendship between two countries! 让我们为两国间的友谊干杯! (2)toast 作名词,意为“烤面包,干杯,祝酒”; ①propose a toast to 为??提议干杯 ②drink a toast to 为??提议干杯 I like toast for breakfast. 我早餐喜欢吃烤面包。 Let’s propose a toast to the health of the guests.让我们提议为来宾的健康干杯。 He drank a toast to the bride and groom. 他提议为新郎新娘干杯。 原文对照:In Russia you must make a toast every time you take a sip from your glass.

点金测评·创新训练 【基础巩固 全面训练】 Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.He stood up and p_____________ his gun at the prisoner. 2.C_____________ with other countries was difficult in ancient times. 3.I didn't mind at all. I_____________, I was pleased. 4.The woman was badly injured in the accident but she is still _____________ (有意识的). 5.The heights of the plants v_____________ from 8 cm to 20 cm. 6.Gail was lying in the sun looking very r_____________ and happy. 7.Usually, women are gentle and not as a_____________ as men. 8.The incident t_____________ to ruin his chances in the election. 9.More than 30 software firms were i_____________ in the project. 10.After he drank some wine, Tom was _____________ (稍微地) drunk. 11.I r_____________ his views, although I do not agree with them. 12.There are also many people who are interested in Chinese _____________ (传统的) medicine, painting and calligraphy. Ⅱ.短语翻译 13.communicate…with… 14.give reasons for 15.vary from…to… 16.on guard 17.shake hands with 18.hold up 19.join hands 20.make a deal 21.give away 22.依赖,依靠 23.举起 24.上上下下 25.偶然,意外地 26.向??敬酒 27.抿一口,尝一口 28.感到孤独,感到寂寞 29.打开(灯、无线电等) 30.把??添加到??上 31.列出??的清单 32.从??中选择 Ⅲ.单项选择 ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________

33.Every day each of us makes decisions that involve ________a chance. A. to take B. taking C. be taken D. in taking 34.The engine________ smoke and steam. A. gives up B. gives in C. gives away D. gives off 35.________hungry I am,I never seem to be able to finish off this loaf of bread. A. Whatever B. Whenever C. Wherever D. However

36.They________I be present at the meeting to be held tomorrow. A. demanded B. told C. made D. showed 37.There is nothing to________ the soil in place on the hill side. A. hold B. hold up C. hold back D. hold on 38.-Did you remember to give Mary the money you owed her? -Yes. I gave it to her ________I saw her. A. while B. the moment C. suddenly D. once 39. What shall we use for power when all the oil in the world has _________? A. given out B. put out C. held up D. used up 40.He is a difficult man________. A. to deal with B. to be dealt with C. to do with D. to be done with 41. _____, I have never seen anyone who’s as capable as John. A. As long as I have B. Now that I have traveled so much C. Much as I have traveled D. As I have traveled so much 42. Your uncle seems to be a good driver: _______, I wouldn’t dare to travel in his car. A. even so B. even though C. therefore D. so Ⅳ.选词填空 formal lift hold up slap bend religion give away by accident communicative make a toast

43.Islam(伊斯兰教)is one of the three great ___________ of the world. 44.The French president will make a ___________ visit to our country next month. 45.The headmaster is invited to___________ ___________ the prizes tonight. 46.The pupil ___________ ___________ his hand to ask the teacher a question. 47.She ___________ her son on the cheek. 48.Tom wasn't very ___________, and kept himself to himself. 49.Can you give me a ___________ to the station? 50. ___________ your knees, but keep your back straight. 51.I met her quite ___________ ___________when I went shopping yesterday. 52.I'd like to ___________ ___________ ___________ to the bride and groom. 【综合应用 提高训练】 Ⅰ.根据汉语意思完成句子 1.我们能够用电话同世界上的大部分地区联系。(communicate) _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 2.他把大量的钱花在他的实验上。(a great deal of) _______________________________________________________________________________ 3.他把大部分钱都捐赠给慈善事业。(give away) _______________________________________________________________________________ 4.她整晚都在专心致志地读书。(involve) _______________________________________________________________________________ 5.他无视邻居们要他别那样吵闹的要求。(request) _______________________________________________________________________________ 6.危险正逼近,我们必须保持警惕。(on guard) _______________________________________________________________________________

Ⅱ.单句改错 7. In China men usually shake hand with each other when they meet in the street. ____________ 8. We all agree that it’s rude to point your finger to others. ____________ 9. If you are unconscious towards something, you don’t know it is happening. ____________ 10. Your mother is busy with cooking dinner in the kitchen. ____________ 11. In Thailand you mustn’t touch someone on his head, even by chance. ____________ 12. Nothing could make him change his mind, couldn’t it? ____________ 13. Generally speaking, rolling one’s eyes are to say “I can’t believe it”. ____________ 14. -What have you been busy doing recently? -Practice playing a piano. ____________ 15. Though we have not much in common with each other, but we get along quite well. ____________ 16. Whatever much he studies, he finds these exercises difficult. ____________ Ⅲ.完形填空 More than I realized, Dad has helped me keep my balance. When I was growing up, I was embarrassed to be seen with my father. He was severely disabled and very 17 , and when we would walk together, his hand on my arm for 18 , people would stare. I would inwardly (内心地)feel uncomfortable at the unwanted 19 .If he ever noticed or was bothered , he never 20 that he knew . It was 21 to coordinate our steps-his hesitant, mine impatient-and because of that, we didn’t 22 much as we went along. But as we started out, he always said, “You set the 23 . I will try to follow you.” Our usual walk was to or from the subway, which was 24 he got to work. He went to work despite illness and nasty weather. He almost never missed a day, and would 25 it to the office even if others could not. A matter of 26 . He never talked about himself as an object of pity, nor did he show any envy of the more fortunate or 27 . What he looked for 28 others was a “good heart,” and if he found one, the 29 was good enough for him. Now that I am older, I believe that his idea is a proper 30 by which to judge people, even though I 31 don’t know exactly what a “good heart” is. 32 I know the times I don’t have one myself. He has been gone many years now, but I think of him often. I wonder if he 33 I was unwilling to be seen with him during our 34 . Now that I am older, I’m sorry that I never told him how sorry I was for my feeling 35 to be with him in public and how unworthy I felt to be his daughter. I think of him when I complain about trifles, when I am envious of another’s good fortune, and when I don’t possess a “good heart”. At such times I put my hand on his arm to 36 my balance, and say, “You set the pace. I will try to follow you.” 17.A.strong B.energetic C.short D.handsome 18.A.balance B.strength C.comfort D.courage 19.A.care B.attention C.situation D.friendship 20.A.hoped B.found C.liked D.showed 21.A.easy B.difficult C.possible D.necessary 22.A.see B.pay C.say D.give

23.A.rule 24.A.how 25.A.get 26.A.sorrow 27.A.rich 28.A.on 29.A.owner 30.A.method 31.A.never 32.A.And 33.A.sensed 34.A.walks 35.A.afraid 36.A.find Ⅳ.阅读理解

B.time B.why B.make B.faith B.successful B.in B.another B.value B.also B.But B.smelled B.talks B.proud B.remain

C.step C.when C.take C.belief C.able C.at C.winner C.standard C.ever C.Now C.agreed C.stays C.ashamed C.refill

D.pace D.where D.walk D.pride D.hardworking D.with D.other D.level D.still D.Then D.hoped D.visits D.disappointed D.regain

A For as long as humans have lived on the earth, they have made use of various forms of communication. Generally, this expression of thoughts and feelings has been in the form of oral speech. When there is a spoken language problem, communication can be carried out through sign language, in which gestures stand for letters, words, and ideas. Tourists and people unable to hear or speak have often had to turn to this form of expression. When gestures describe words or ideas, they can often be used internationally. When used for spelling words however, where each gesture stands for a single letter, people must share the same written language. Body language sends ideas or thoughts by certain actions, either meaningfully or not. A wink can be a way of showing that the person is only joking. A nod means agreement, while shaking the head indicates disagreement. Other forms of language can be found in Braille (a reading system of raised dots read with the fingertips used by the blind), signal flags, Morse code, and smoke signals. Road maps and picture signs also guide and warn people. While language is the most common form of communication, other systems and techniques also express human thoughts and feelings. 37. What does the author mainly want to say? A. People can communicate in many different ways. B. Everybody uses only one form of communication. C. Language is invaluable to foreigners. D. Non-spoken communication is of little value. 38. According to the text, which part of the body can be used to show you are joking? A. Fingers. B. Eyes. C. Head. D. Feet. 39. What can’t be effectively communicated by sign language when people belong to different language groups? A. Spelling. B. Idea. C. Whole words. D. Expressions. 40. How many different forms of communication are mentioned in the text? A. Three. B. Five. C. Six. D. Nine. B A little old couple walked slowly into McDonald’s one cold winter evening. They took a table

near the back wall, and then the little old man walked to the cash register (收银台) to order. After a short while he got the food back and they began to unwrap it. There was one hamburger, one order of French fries and one drink. The little old man carefully cut the hamburger in half and divided the French fries in two piles. Then he neatly placed the half of the food in front of his wife. He took a sip of the drink and his wife took a sip. “What a poor old couple!” The crowd thought. As the man began to eat his hamburger and his French fries, his wife sat there watching him and took turns to drink. A young man came over_________________________. He offered to buy another meal for them. But they refused politely and said that they got used to sharing everything. Then a young lady asked a question of the little old lady. “Madam, why aren’t you eating? You said that you share everything. What is it that you are waiting for? ” “The teeth,” she answered. 1.What’s the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words.) _______________________________________________________________________________ 2.Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? Both the old man and his wife drank a little of the drink. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 3.Please fill in the blank in the fourth paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words.) _______________________________________________________________________________ 4.What do you think the couple also share besides the food and drink? (Please answer within 10 words.) _______________________________________________________________________________ 5.Translate the underlined sentence in the first paragraph into Chinese. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Section Ⅱ Grammar & Writing 考点搜索 1:unless 的用法 【例 1】(2010 全国 I)The little boy won’t go to sleep ______ his mother tells him a story. A. or B. unless C. but D. whether 解析:考查连词用法:unless 除非??,如果??不??;or 或者,否则;but 但是;whether 是否。句意:这个小男孩不会去睡觉,除非他妈妈给他讲一个故事。依据句意理解,则选项 B 符合题意。 答案:B 【例 2】(2010 江西)-Our holiday cost a lot of money. -Did it? Well, that doesn’t matter ______ you enjoyed yourselves. A. as long as B. unless C. as soon as D. though 解析:考查连词用法:as long as 只要(引导条件状语从句);unless 除非(引导条件状语从 句);as soon as 一??就??(引导时间状语从句);though 虽然,尽管(引导让步状语 从句)。句意:—我们这次度假花了很多钱。—是吗?哦,没关系,只要你们玩得尽兴就好。 答案:A

名师点金:“条件状语从句”的用法 常见引导条件状语从句的引导词:unless(意为“除非,如果??不”,相当于 if … not…)、 if(意为“如果,假使”,所用时态为“主将从现”)、as/so long as(只要)、on condition that 如果??,条件是??。 You will fail unless you work harder. = You will fail if you do not work harder. 你要是不再努力些,就要失败。 She won’t lose weight unless she keeps a diet and takes exercise every day. 她如果不天天锻炼并节食,她是不会减重的。 If the plane does not arrive on time, what will I do? 如果飞机不能准时到,我该怎么办? So long as you’re happy, it doesn’t matter what you do. 只要你高兴,你干什么都无所谓。 We can surely overcome these difficulties so long as we are closely united. 只要我们紧密团结在一起,就一定能克服这些困难。 He said he would come to the meeting on condition that no one asked him to speak. 他说他将出席这个会议,条件是不要让他发言。 I’ll lend the book to you on condition that you return it to me next week. 我可以把书借给你,条件是你下星期得还给我。 原文对照:Unless you’re very unlucky you’ll soon think of something. 考点搜索 2:even if/though 【例 3】(2010 安徽) The engineers are so busy that they have zero time for outdoor sports activities, ______ they have the interest A. wherever B. whenever C. even if D. as if 解析:本题目考查连词:even if 即使,尽管(引导让步状语从句);as if 似乎,好像(引导 方式状语从句);wherever 无论什么地方;whenever 无论何时。句意:工程师们如此忙碌, 以至于没时间参加户外活动,即使他们对参加户外活动很感兴趣。 答案:C 【例 4】(2010 湖南)Tim is in good shape physically ______ he doesn't get much exercise. A. if B. even though C. unless D. as long as 解析:本题目考查连词:if 如果(引导条件状语从句);even though=even if 即使,尽管(引 导让步状语从句) ; unless 除非 (引导条件状语从句) ; as long as 只要 (引导条件状语从句) 。 句意:尽管蒂姆进行的锻炼不多,但他的体型还是很好。 答案:B 名师点金:“让步状语从句”的用法 ⑴though/although(意为“尽管、虽然”,两者可以互换,都可以与 yet,still 或 nevertheless 连用,但不能与 but 连用),even if/though(意为“即使”)都可以用来引导让步状语从句; I’ll overcome all the difficulties,even though it should cost me my life. 我要克服一切困难,即使要献出我的生命。 He is unhappy, though/although he has a lot of money. 虽然他很有钱,但他并不幸福。 Although it's raining, they are still working in the field.

虽然在下雨,但他们仍在地里干活。 ⑵as 或 though 引导让步状语从句时,要用倒装结构,即表语或状语(形容词、副词、分词、 实义动词)提前; Child as/though he is, he knows a lot of the computer. 尽管他还是个孩子,但他却懂得很多有关电脑方面的知识。 原文对照:Even if you are very hungry you should wait. 点金测评·创新训练 【基础巩固 全面训练】 Ⅰ.单项选择 1.You will be late___________ you leave immediately. A. unless B. until C. if D. or 2.You can arrive in Beijing earlier for the meeting ___________you don’t mind taking the night train. 3. ___________she is young, she knows quite a lot. A. When B. However C. Although D. Unless 4.I’ve already told you that I’m going to buy it, _________. A. however much it costs B. however does it costs much C. how much does it cost D. no matter how it costs 5. ___________ he calculation is right, scientists can never be sure that they have included all variables and modeled them accurately. A. Even if B. As far as C. If only D. So long as 6. It is known to all that___________ you exercise regularly, you won’t keep good health. A. unless B. whenever C. although D. if 7. You should try to get a good night’s sleep ___________ much work you have to do. A. however B. no matter C. although D. whatever 8.Daddy didn’t’ mind what we were doing, ___________ we were together, having fun. A. as much as B. as long as C. even if D. but 9. ____________, I have never seen anyone who’s as capable as John. A. As long as I have B. Now that I have traveled so much C. Much as I have traveled D. As I have traveled so much 10.-Have you been to New Zealand? -No. I’d like to, ____________. A. too B. though C. yet D. either Ⅱ.完成句子 11.如果不努力学习就不能通过考试。 You will fail the exam ___________ you study hard. 12.只要你不丧失信心,你会成功的。 ___________ ___________ ___________ you don’t lose heart, you will succeed. 13.虽然他还是个小孩子,他却知道该做什么,不该做什么。(though/as) _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 14.即使天气不好,我们也要旅行。 We’ll make a trip ___________ ___________ the weather is bad.

15.不论你信不信,那是真的。 ___________ you believe it ___________ ___________, it is true. 16.虽然他很老,但仍然努力地工作。(but) _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 17.Can you ___________ me ___________ ___________ ___________ (搭车去) the station when you are free. 18.Culture codes___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ (一国与另一国有所不同), which lead to misunderstandings. ___________

19.You can shake hands when showing you trust them and ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ (达成协议时). 20.Without audience, the performance would___________ ___________ ___________ (不完美 的). 【综合应用 提高训练】 Ⅰ.选词填空 shake common statement take off the first time unless normal possibility immediately feel lonely switch

1. ___________ you come now, I’m going to leave without you. 2.He and I have a ___________ interest: we both collect stamps. 3.Before the discussion he made a ___________ about the affair. 4.We start the meeting ___________ he comes. 5.I was ___________ by the news. 6.I parked the car and ___________ off the engine. 7.There is a good ___________ of snow tomorrow. 8.He didn’t like anything to interrupt his ___________ daily routine. 9.This was ___________ ___________ ___________ she appeared on the stage. 10.I’ve decided to ___________ a few days ___________ next week. 11.I live in the deserted island alone, however I don’t ___________ ___________. Ⅱ.句型转换 12. 虽然他尽了努力,但他的工作总做的不尽人意。 Hard as he tries, he never seems able to do the work satisfactorily. →___________ ___________ ___________ ___________, he never seems able to do the work satisfactorily. 13. 我逐渐注意到路人对自己的注意。 I was increasingly conscious of being stared at on the street. → I was increasingly ___________ ___________many people ___________ ___________ ___________ me. 14. 虽然在下雨,但他们仍在地里干活。 Although it’s raining, they are still working in the field. →___________ ___________ ___________ ___________, they are still working in the field. 15. 他通过这次考试是不可能的。 There is no possibility that he will pass the exam. →___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ to pass the exam. Ⅲ.书面表达

假设你是李华,你的美国笔友 Peter 曾表示希望来中国教书。你校现需招聘外教,请给他写 封信,告知招聘信息。内容主要包括: ⑴教授课程:英语口语、英语写作、今日美国、今日英国等 ⑵授课对象:高中生(至少三年英语基础) ⑶工作量:①每周 12 学时,任先三门课;②担任学生英语俱乐部或英语校报顾问(advisor) ⑷注意:①词数 100 左右;②可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;③开关语已为你写好。 Dear Peter, I remember you told me you were interested in teaching in China. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Best, Li Hua Section Ⅲ Cultural Corner 知识整合·能力聚焦 考点搜索 1:live 的用法 【例 1】The ceremony will be broadcast __________ on television. A. alive B. living C. lively D. live 解析:考查形容词与副词辨析:alive 意为“活的,有生命的”,常作表语或后置定语;living 意为“活着的,现存的”,常作表语或前置定语;lively 意为“活泼的,生动的”,常作前 置定语或表语;live 作形容词,意为“活的,直播的”;作副词,意为“实况转播地”。句

意:这个仪式将会在电视上直播的。依据句意理解,则选项 D 符合题意。 答案:D 名师点金:live/living/lively/alive 的用法 ⑴live ①作形容词,意为“活的,有生命的;实况播送的,现场直播的”; ②作副词,意为“现场直播地,以实况转播”; You won’t see live animals in a museum. 在博物馆,你是看不到动物的。 Some television and radio programs are live. 一些电视和广播节目是现场直播的。 This show is going out live. 这场演出正在进行实况转播。 ③作动词,意为“住,居住”; ⑵alive 作形容词,意为“活的,有生命的”(常作表语或后置定语) ⑶living 作形容词,意为“活的,健在的”(常作表语或前置定语) ⑷lively 作形容词,意为“活泼的,生动的,有活力的”(常作前置定语或表语) ⑸live 与 living 作形容词时,意为“活的,有生命的”易于混淆;living 多修饰“人”,live 多修饰“动物或植物”;但“生物”表达为“living things”。 Young children are usually lively. 小孩子们通常是活泼的。 He told a very lively story. 他讲了一个生动的故事。 The living are more important to us than the dead. 活着的人对我们来说比死去的人更重要。 The enemy officer was caught alive.那位敌方军官被活捉了。 原文对照: We clap at the end of a live performance, such as a play, or a concert, to say thank you to the performers. 考点搜索 2:alone 的用法 【例 2】The old man lived __________ in a __________ village, but he didn’t feel __________. A. alone ; lonely ; lonely B. lone ; alone ; lonely C. lone ; lonely ; alone D. lonely ; lone ; lone 解析:考查 lone, alone, lonely 三词的辨析:alone 作形容词,意为“独自的,孤独的”;作 副词,意为“独自地,单独地”;lonely 作形容词,意为“孤独的,寂寞的”; lone 作形 容词,意为“单独的,独自的,孤零零的”。句意:这位老人独自住在一个偏僻的村庄里, 但他并不感到孤独。依据句意理解,则选项 A 符合题意。 答案:A 名师点金:alone/lone/lonely 的用法 ⑴alone ①作形容词,意为“独自的,孤独的”(常作表语或后置定语) ②作副词,意为“独自地,单独地”; ③alone, on one’s own, by oneself 均表示“独自”之意,但“无孤独”之意; I don’t like going out alone at night. 我不喜欢夜晚单独出去。 The shoes alone cost $200. 仅鞋子一项就花了 200 美元。 I like being alone in the house. 我喜欢独自一人呆在家里。 I am going to London by myself next week. 我准备下周一个人去伦敦。 I want to finish this task on my own. 我想独自完成这项任务。

⑵lonely 作形容词,意为“孤独的,寂寞的”(常作表语或前置定语) She lives alone and often feels lonely. 她孑然一身,常感到寂寞。 ⑶lone 作形容词,意为“单独的,独自的,孤零零的;单亲的”(只作前置定语) ①a lone sailor crossing the Atlantic 独自横渡大西洋的人 ②a lone mother 单亲母亲 原文对照:Clapping is social, like laughter: you don’t very often clap or laugh out loud alone. 点金测评·创新训练 【基础巩固 全面训练】 Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.The matches of the Asian Games will be broadcast l___________ on television. 2.The actress will give two more p___________ this week. 3.It's the c___________ for the bride's father to pay for the wedding. 4.Let’s have a round of a___________ for the Olympic Champions. 5.This price reduction is due to c___________ among suppliers. 6.In my ___________(判断), we should accept his offer. 7.She was trying to think of some way to ___________(延长)the conversation. 8.France has just ___________(签订)a new trade deal with Japan. 9.It is well-known that AIDS was an ___________(感染)disease. 10.Our planet was once believed to be the centre of the ___________(宇宙). Ⅱ.单项选择 11. They keep ______ though the flood was going down. A. on purpose B. on guard C. on strike D. on business 12. The headmaster made a _____ to begin with his lecture. A. gesture B. mark C. signal D. number 13. In order to help people to see the performance at the same time, they gave a _____ broadcast. A. living B. alive C. live D. lively 14. My father walked _____ in the room, looking as if he was thinking over something. A. now and then B. up and down C. again and again D. over and over 15. ______, people in the west who attend the funeral wear black clothes. A. Traditionally B. Especially C. Fortunately D. Unluckily Ⅲ.用所给动词的正确形式填空 16.When the ______________(live)children arrived at the river, the driver was still alive. 17.He is excellent in the ______________(perform)of his duties. 18. ______________(class)scientific ideas about light were changed by Einstein. 19.There was a lot of ______________(compete)for this work position. 20.Aids is one of the most ______________(infect)diseases. 【综合应用 提高训练】 Ⅰ.根据汉语提示完成句子 1.他盯着这个单词,努力想记起它的意思。 He ________ ________ the word trying to remember its meaning. 2.你能否帮个忙打个电话给我妈妈?

Will you________ ________ ________ ________and make a call to my mother? 3.这张水彩画在稍远处看起来更漂亮。 The water-colored picture looks more beautiful ________ ________ ________. 4.他的北京之行不仅仅是观光。 His trip________ Beijing was________ ________sightseeing. 5.并不是所有的身势语都是有意识的。 ________ ________ ________ ________is conscious. 6.谈话的时候指着别人是不礼貌的。(point at) _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 7.他的情绪时常在变化。(vary) _______________________________________________________________________________ 8.所有的孩子都参加了学校排练的剧目。(involve) _______________________________________________________________________________ 9.别相信他,他一定会泄露你的秘密。(give away) _______________________________________________________________________________ 10.我碰巧在电影院遇到了汤姆。(by accident) _______________________________________________________________________________ Ⅱ.词语辨析 11.lively/living/live/alive ①He was still __________when we took him to hospital. ②He is regarded as one of the best __________ writers at present. ③There was some __________ discussion at the meeting. ④It was not a recorded show; but it was __________. 12.lone/lonely/alone ①You shouldn't leave a child __________ in the house. ②A __________ figure was standing at the bus stop. ③He led a __________ life with few friends. ④I live __________ but I never feel __________. Ⅲ.选词填空 add… to… applause in another way social infectious performance classical prolong equality on the occasion funeral

13. He has played many roles. His__________ is wonderful. 14. I remember meeting her__________ __________ __________ of my friend’s marriage. 15. Nowadays many young people prefer rock music rather than__________ music. 16. The old man died and we all decided to attend his __________. 17. Martin Luther King struggled for the racial__________ and gave his life to the career. 18. The visitors are so amazed at the beautiful scene and they decide to__________ their journey by one week. 19. There seems to be a highly __________ type of flu going around. 20. She can’t work out the problem. She wants to work at it__________ __________ _________. 21. After the famous singer finished singing the song, the audience gave her loud__________. 22. The student asked the teacher to__________ his name__________ the list. Ⅳ.短文改错

An English lady was finally decided that she really should learn to drive. And after many attempts, she past her driving test and told her husband that, to celebrate, he was going to drive him over to France for a holiday. But _____________ then a week after the trip, she suddenly announced that they wouldn’t take the holiday. “How did you change your mind?” he asked her by surprise. “Well, it is all because of the business of driving on right.” She said, “I have been practicing for three weeks now, but I still couldn’t get used to it-in fact, I’ve nearly killed three peoples.” Ⅴ.补全对话

23._____________ 24. _____________ 25. _____________ 26. 27. _____________ 28._____________ 29. _____________ 30. _____________ 31. _____________ 32. _____________

A. I advise you B. Can I ask you a favor C. Take my advice D. Can I offer you some advice E. How are you doing F. That’s hard to say G. I hope you have a great time there. A: Hello! Linda! ___33_____? B: Fine! I am wondering how I should spend my winter vacation. A: ____34____? B: Of course! What do you think I should go? A: ___35___. What about Beijing? B: I’ve been there before. Any other suggestion? A: I suggest you go to Shanghai. I have a cousin there. She is a guide. B: Wonderful! ___36____? A: Certainly! B: Can you ask give me the telephone number of your cousin? I hope she can help me go around Shanghai. A: No problem! ____37____.

Module 3 Body language and Non-verbal Communication
Section Ⅰ Introduction, Reading and Vocabulary & Function 点金测评·创新训练 【基础巩固 全面训练】 Ⅰ.单词拼写 1. pointed 2.Communication 3. Indeed

4. conscious 5. vary 6. relaxed 7. aggressive 8. threatens 9. involved 10. slightly 11.respect 12. traditional Ⅱ.短语翻译 13.与??进行交流 14.给出支持的理由 15.变化的范围是从??到?? 16.站岗,值班 17.与??握手 18.举起,耽搁,抢劫 19.携手,齐心协力 20.成交,达成交易 21.分发,赠送,泄露(秘密等) 22.rely on 23.lift up 24.up and down 25.by accident 26.make a toast to 27.take a sip 28.feel lonely 29.switch on 30.add…to… 31.make a list of 32.choose from Ⅲ.单项选择 33. B 句意 : 每天我们每个人都要做出决定, 这些决定包含碰机遇的成分。 考查 involve doing 是固定搭配,故答案是 B。 34. D 本题考查 give off 发出或放出(蒸汽、光、热、气味等)的意思。give up 放弃,投降; give in 让步,屈服;give away 放弃,白白送掉。句意:发动机释放出烟和蒸汽。 35. D 考查让步状语从句。句意为:无论我多么饿,我好像永远不能吃完这块面包。此处 however 引导让步状语从句,相当于 no matter how。 36. A 本题考查动词的用法。句意:他们要我出席明天的会议。demand 后的从句用虚拟语 气。 37. A 本题主要考查词义辨析。句意:在山坡上没有什么东西保持土壤。hold 保持;hold on (打电话时用语)不挂断;(口语)等一等,停住;hold up 举起;hold back 阻止。 38. B 句意:—你记得把你欠 Mary 的钱给她了吗?—给了。我一看见她,就把钱给她了。 the moment=immediately=as soon as,故答案是 B。 39. A 本题考查动词短语的辨析:give out 用完,耗尽;put out 扑灭,把某物放在外边,

发布,出版等; hold up 阻碍或延误某人/物,以武力/暴力威胁抢劫; used up 是最大的干 扰项,使用 use up 时,人做主语,表示把某物用完(尽),而本题中,要选的动词的主语是 物 oil, 故答案只能选 A。 40. A 句意: 他是一个很难应付的人。用动词不定式作定语,是动宾关系,用主动式,故 答案是 A。 41. C 从逻辑关系看,选项是让步状语从句,排除 A、B 项;as 引导让步状语从句时,从 句中用倒装语序。故选 C。 42. A even though 引导从句,而空格后有逗号,故排除;therefore 与 so 表因果。由题意可 知应选 even so。 Ⅳ.选词填空 43. religions 44. formal 45. give away 46. held up 47.slapped 48. communicative 49. lift 50.Bend 51. by accident 52. make a toast 【综合应用 提高训练】 Ⅰ.根据汉语意思完成句子 1.We can communicate with people in most parts of the world by telephone. 2.He spent a great deal of money on his experiment. 3.He gave away most of his money to charity. 4.She was involved in reading all night. 5.He ignored the neighbor’s requests that he should make less noise. 6.While danger threatens we must all be on guard. Ⅱ.单句改错 7. hand→hands 8. 第二个 to→at 9. towards→of 10. with→in 11. his→the 12. couldn’t→could 13. are→is 14. a→the 15.去掉 but 16. whatever→however Ⅲ.完形填空 17.C 上文:我长大的时候,别人看到我和父亲在一起的时候,我总感到尴尬。为什么?下 文回答。 因为父亲残疾得很厉害,(所以他不可能长的很健壮,精力很充沛,也不可能很漂亮),人 又长得矮小。 18.A 以达到身体的平衡(本文最后一句中有提示)。 19.B 对那种不想让别人注意的有被别人注意的事我感到内心不自在。 20.D (如果父亲注意了被别人注视了或是被别人打扰了),他可从来就没有表现出他意识 这回事的存在。 21.B 父亲残疾走路不可能象常人那样,而我又缺乏耐心,所以两个人走路时当然步调就很 难协调了。 22. C 因为上面的原因。所以我走路时很少说话。

23.D 固定用语:set the pace 定步速。 24.A 这儿是指父亲上班时所用的交通方式 subway 地铁。 25.B 固定用法 make it to 成功办到,赶到。 26.D 这是(指父亲上班从来不缺席)令人唯一感到骄傲的事情。 27.C 父亲从来不把自己当成要人怜悯的人谈论自己, 他也从不表现出对幸运的人或是身体 健全的人的妒忌。 28.B 他在别人内心深处寻找的是“好的心情”。 29.A 如果他发现了,那么好心情(好的心情拥有者)的人对他就是很大的帮助。 30.C 是一个恰当的评判人的标准。 31.D 即使我(到现在)还没有真正知道好的心情究竟是什么。 32.B 但是我知道好多次我没有好的心情。 33.A 34.A 是不是意识到我不愿意让别人看到我和他在一起散步。 35.C 很遗憾我再也不能告诉他我是多么的后悔:在大庭广众之下与他在一起我感到羞耻, 我不值得做他的女儿。 36.D 重新得到心理的平衡。 Ⅳ.阅读理解 37.A 主旨大意题。文章主要是将人们利用各种各样的方式去交流。 38.B 细节理解题。文章的二段说“A wink can be a way of showing that the person is only joking.”。wink 的意思是“眨眼”。 39.A 推理判断题。从文章内容判断,只有 spelling(拼写)不能用身势语进行有效的表达。 40.D 细节题。文章共叙述了九种交流方式,他们是:the form of oral speech, sign language, written language, Braille, signal flags, Morse code, smoke signals, Road maps and picture signs。 41.Sharing Life. 42.He took a sip of the drink and his wife took a sip. 43.to the old couple. 44.False teeth. 45.他们在靠近后墙的地方坐下来,然后,老头走到收银台去点餐。 Section Ⅱ Grammar & Writing 点金测评·创新训练 【基础巩固 全面训练】 Ⅰ.单项选择 1. A 句意: 除非你立即走, 否则你就会迟到的。 可转化为 If you don’t leave immediately, you will be late. 2. A 句意:如果你不介意坐夜车的话,你可以早一点到北京去参加那次会议。因此,空格 处缺少一个表示“如果”并且能引导条件状语从句的连接词。 在四个选项中, provided 作连词, 意为“假使,如果”;unless 意为“除非”;though 意为“尽管”;until 意为“直到”。所以最佳 答案应选 A。 3. C 句意:虽然她很年轻,却知道许多。 4. A 句意:已经告诉过你了,不管花多少钱,我都打算买它。空格应填上正常语序的让步 状语从句,所以最佳答案应选 A。B 和 C 都是倒装,所以不对;no matter how 应后接形容 词或副词,所以 D 也不对。 5. A 句意:即便计算是正确的,科学家们也无法肯定他们已经把所有的变量都包括进去并

精确地模拟了它们。 6. A 句意:众所周知的是,除非你进行常规锻炼,否则你就不会保持身体健康。依据句意 理解,则选项 A 符合题意。 7. A 句意:无论有多少工作要做,你都应尽量睡一晚好觉。however 或 no matter how 后接 形容词或副词。 8.B 句意: 爸爸不介意我们做什么工作, 只要我们在一起, 就很高兴。 as much as 多达??; as long as 只要(引导条件状语从句);even if 即使(引导让步状语从句)。 9.C 句意:尽管我经常旅行,但我从来没看到像约翰这样有能力的人。考查 as 的让步状语 从句所用的倒装结构。 10. B 句意:—你到过新西兰吗?—没有。尽管我很想去。though 尽管(引导让步状语从 句,可以用于句尾)。 Ⅱ.完成句子 11. unless 12.As long as 13.Child as /though he was, he knew what was the right thing to do. = Though he was a child, he knew what was the right thing to do. 14. even though 15.Whether ; or not 16.He is very old, but he still works very hard. 17. give ; a lift to 18. vary from one country to another 19. when making a deal 20. not be complete 【综合应用 提高训练】 Ⅰ.选词填空 1.Unless 2. common 3. statement 4. immediately 5. shaken 6. switched 7. possibility 8. normal 9. the first time 10. take ; off 11. feel lonely Ⅱ.句型转换 12.Though he tries hard 13.conscious that ; were staring at 14.Raining as it is 15. It is impossible for him Ⅲ.书面表达 One possible version: Dear Peter,

I remember you told me you were interested in teaching in China. Our school now is looking for a native-speaker to teach some courses to senior high students. If you come, you can choose three of the following four courses: Speaking, Writing, Britain Today and America Today, and teach 12 hours a week. The students who are going to take these courses have at least three years of English learning experiences. Besides teaching, you will also work as an advisor to our students’ English club or our school’s English newspaper. Please let me know if you are interested and if you have any other questions. I’d be more than happy to help. Best, Li Hua Section Ⅲ Cultural Corner 点金测评·创新训练 【基础巩固 全面训练】 Ⅰ.单词拼写 1. live 2. performances 3. custom 4. applause for 5. competition 6. judgment 7. prolong 8. signed 9. infectious 10. universe Ⅱ.单项选择(必选题型)、 11. B 考查短语辨析:on purpose 故意地,有目的地;on guard 站岗,警惕;on strike 罢工, 罢工中;on business 出差。句意:虽然洪水消退了,但他们还在坚守岗位值勤。 12. A 考查名词词义辨析:make a gesture to do sth.做出个手势来做某事;mark 分数,标记; signal 信号;number 数字,号码。 13.C 考查 live 作形容词,意为“直播的,实况转播的”。 14. B 考查短语辨析:now and then 偶尔,有时;up and down 来来回回,上上下下; again and again 反复地;over and over 反复,再三。 15. A 考查副词辨析: traditionally 传统地; especially 特别, 尤其; fortunately 幸运地; unluckily 不幸地。 Ⅲ.用所给动词的正确形式填空 16. lively 17. performance 18.Classical 19. competition 20. infectious 【综合应用 提高训练】 Ⅰ.根据汉语提示完成句子 1. stared at 2. do me a favor 3. at a distance 4. to; more than

5. Not all body language 6. It is bad manners(not polite / rude)to point at others while talking. 7. Her mood varies from time to time. 8. All the children were involved in the school play. 9. Don’t trust him and he is sure to give away your secret. 10. I met Tom by accident(chance)in the cinema. Ⅱ.词语辨析 11.①alive ②living ③lively ④live 12.①alone ②lone ③lonely ④alone ; lonely. Ⅲ.选词填空 13.performances 14. on the occasion 17. equality 18. prolong 21. applause 22. add; to Ⅳ.短文改错 23.去掉 finally 前的 was 24. past→passed 25. he→she 26. √ 27. after→before 28.How→Why 29.by→in 30. right→the right 31. couldn’t→can’t 32. peoples→people Ⅴ.补全对话 33.E 34.D 35.F 36.B 37.G 15. classical 19. infectious 16. funeral 20. in another way


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