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雅思作文真题及范文(1)


If a five-year old child commits a crime, should his parents take the responsibility and be punished? When do you think a child should take responsibility for his own behavior?

An old saying goes, “Like father like son”, which embodies the important role that parents play in children’s growth. However, to my mind, parents should not be punished for the following cogent (令人信服的) reasons. (33 words) convincing, persuasive

Firstly, children are too young to distinguish right from wrong. They are apt to (倾向于,易于) make mistakes for lack of the awareness of laws and regulations. Their parents should not take the responsibility for their improper behavior. Parents are the first teachers of their children. Every parent wishes his children to become “dragons” or “phoenixes”. Nevertheless, children cannot control their behavior sometimes, even though they know what is right or wrong. On second thoughts, mistakes are not without their merits. Another saying goes, “Failure is the mother of success”. Children can learn from mistakes and they will not commit the same mistake again. (102 words)

Then, when should a child take the responsibility for his own behavior? As far as I am concerned, children should take responsibility for what
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they did at age of 18 or above after they have received systematic education at school and are fully aware of laws. Compulsory education teaches children theoretical and practical knowledge, as well as morality ( 道 德 ). Furthermore, teenagers at the age of 18 are mature both physically and psychologically; therefore, they can control their behavior and take the responsibility for their mistakes. (84 words)

Admittedly, children’s behavior is closely related to family education and their parents. For instance, children in the divorced families and those full of violence are more likely to commit crimes. The insufficiency of communication between parents and their children is easy to result in unhealthy development of children and generation gap. All in all (总而言 之), the development of children is not only the responsibility of their parents, but also the responsibility of the whole society. (74 words) (293 totally)

Some people say that university graduates should pay the full tuition because they can earn a higher salary than the less well-educated people. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Disagree: Firstly, students have no ability to pay the high tuition because they have
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no income. Their duty is to study, not to earn money. Secondly, high tuition may become a barrier for those in the undeveloped regions and the countryside to receive higher education. For instance, …… Finally, to provide opportunities to people is a government’s obligation, because education is the decisive factor of prosperity and strength. In order to offer education opportunities to more students, the government and the authorities concerned should make concerted effort to help them finish their education in the university through loans.

Education plays an important role in a person’s career. With a view to finding themselves more opportunities, many students want to pursue higher education. However, some students cannot fulfill the dream of further study for short of money. As far as I am concerned, students should not pay the full tuition.

First of all, students have no ability to afford the high tuition Along with the commercialization of education, higher education is becoming a privilege of rich people. The students from the countryside and undeveloped areas are deprived of the right of education. Due to the high tuition, many excellent students have to give up study and strive to survive. If universities can enact (制定) some beneficial policies to the
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students in the poor areas and help them accomplish their study, the students will make contributions to the society after graduation with the knowledge they acquired at school.

In addition, government should take the responsibility to render students equal opportunities to receive higher education. It is a universally acknowledged truth that education is the driving force of the development of science and technology. A nation cannot become powerful without good education. The example of Singapore gives us a very vivid illustration. Therefore, the government should subsidize (资助) students and provide financial support to the students, especially those who cannot afford the tuition.

However, I am not in favor of free higher education because this will exert (施加) very heavy pressure on a country’s economy. There are some feasible (可行的) suggestions worth trying. For example, the government can coordinate with banks and provide educational loan to the students who need financial support. In this way, the students can complete their education without any burden and they can contribute a lot to the society afterwards. (290 words)

Some countries allow women to join the army. Some other people think
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army doesn’t suit women. Do you agree or disagree? Please state your reasons.

In some countries, there are women taking the positions of policy officers. But some people do not agree, What's you opinion.

Agree: Firstly, modern wars are not as cruel as before. Women will not face any danger because the decisive factor of modern wars is technology, not physique. Most females have received higher education and mastered advanced knowledge. They can serve in the army like men. Secondly, some occupations in the army are more suitable to females. For instance, most medical workers in the field hospitals are females because they are more patient and careful. They can give tender care to the wounded soldiers. Finally, females have played very important roles in wars in history. Females are good at coping with the unexpected events because they enjoy advantages over males psychologically.

It is a strongly held belief that kitchen and laundry are for women and wars are for men. Even though women are allowed to join the army in some countries, most of them are far away from the frontier. However, as
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the application of high technology in the army accelerates, women’s participation in the army becomes not unusual.

First and foremost, modern wars tend to be non-contagious with the filtration of science and technology. Thus, the dangers facing women will be reduced considerably. The development of new technology offers numerous opportunities to females because the decisive factor of modern wars is technology, not physique. Most women, just like their counterpart, have received higher education and mastered high technology. They have neither physical barrier nor technical obstacle to serve in the army.

What’s more, some jobs can be better done by females rather than men in the army. For instance, many doctors and nurses in the field hospitals are females. Injury and death are inevitable in the battlefield. In that case, females usually shoulder the responsibility to render medical service to the wounded since they are more patient and careful than males. The wounded soldiers can receive good medical care and recover soon.

Last but not least, women played very important role in wars in history. Women enjoy much more advantages over males. For instance, females are calm when they meet with urgency. Their contributions in the wartime are notable.
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In brief, the role women soldiers play in the war cannot be underestimated. Women should be encouraged to join the army in modern time. For one thing, it is beneficial to the army; for another, females can become more brave and respectable. (280 words)

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Nowadays, international tourism is the biggest industry in the world. Unfortunately, international tourism creates tension rather than understanding between people from different cultures. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Tourism has never experienced so prosperous (繁荣的) development as today. Both the tourists and the local population benefit a lot from tourism because tourism strengthens the exchange of different cultures and ideas.

Firstly, tourism can strengthen the communication between different cultures. The local people can have a better knowledge of the exterior culture and ideology (意识形态) and the tourists can make a better understanding of the local customs and traditions. Therefore, the tension and hatred (仇恨) between two different cultures can be relieved and the bias (prejudice) can be removed.

Secondly, tourism accelerates the local economic development and other industries. Tourism is bound to make the local economy flourish (繁荣) because travelers can increase the expenditure in the local place; and in turn, the local areas have to ameliorate (改善) the traffic, accommodation, service and the construction of infrastructure (基础结构,基础设施).
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Last but not least, tourism can promote the image of a local area. Consequently, the local area can attract more and more tourist from around the world. This can also make a local area popular and help it to gain reputation.

However, tourism also brings about some negative effects to the local places. For instance, some minority languages and cultures may disappear due to the impact of exotic (外来的) culture and tradition. The local people may change their living style and accept new ideas and thoughts. In the long run (最后;in the long term 从长远观点来看), it is not beneficial for the local people to lose their own culture. The point is whether we can take the advantage of tourism and reduce the negative influence aroused by tourism. (263 words)

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Government should control the amount of violence in films and on television in order to decrease the violent crimes in society. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Violent cases ascend much more quickly than a decade ago in the recent days, as everybody can see. Certainly, these violent cases are aroused by miscellaneous factors, among which, the violence on TV, films, and other media is playing the leading role. The elimination of the improper contents on TV and films allows of no delay.

Statistics from the police bureau show that 78 percent of crimes are committed due to the negative influence of media. Criminologists explain that there are some major inducements for crimes, one of which is the improper scenes on TV and movies. These improper programs may give people, especially those immature, a deep-rooted impression that violence is the way out. Consequently, they are likely to embark on the criminal road.

Violence on TV and movies are also the causes for juvenile delinquency. As we know, children and teenagers are full of imagination and curiosity. They are as blank as a sheet of paper. Positive education can make them stride on the right track. On the contrary, violence and crime on TV will
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ruin their purity. Curiosity drives them into imitating what they see on TV or films. That the rapid ascent of gunshots and other violent crimes on campus exemplifies the guilt of criminal and violent programs graphically.

It is quite urgent for the government and the authorities concerned to impose strict censorship on TV shows and movies before the programs are on show. In addition, schools should give strenuous moral culture to the young students, helping them nurture high ambitions. We are confident that violent cases are bound to descend if violence on TV and films can be eradicated. (275 words)

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Computers are less helpful to children’s study. Some people say computers have a negative effect on children’s physical and mental development. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

What role computer plays in children’s study has once aroused extensive debate. It is necessary for us to give an every-coin-has-two-sides look at the issue.

Computer has been deemed as the most influential invention of human beings. And it is true that it plays extensive roles in nearly every aspect of our life. For example, children can develop abilities to solve problems during the course of computer use. They have to deal with different situations when there are problems with the computer. Furthermore, writing programs can help to enhance their intelligence and logic.

Computer can also improve students’ study efficiency and broaden their horizons. Students can study some long-distance courses on computer as supplements ( 补 充 ) of textbooks. They can also acquire abundant information with the help of computer and information technology. In addition, CAD (computer aided design) system can help students accomplish complicated calculation and design. Computer changes our teaching syllabus (课程提纲). It is the milestone of school education.
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However, as the saying goes, “Even the sun has its dark side”. The cons (反面) of computer cannot be undermined (削弱). Suppose one sits in front of computer for a very long time, his health would be influenced definitely because of the radiation from computer. Some computer addicts (入迷的人) prefer to operate computer around the clock (连续一整天). This can also damage their health for being void (空的,没有的) of physical exercises. Secondly, students nowadays count too much on (依 赖,指望) computer. In the long run, their abilities will degrade (降级, 退化) and one day they will not able to read, write or calculate properly.

Therefore, the use of computer should be reasonably limited. We should make a realistic evaluation of computer’s role in students’ study. (269 words)

In the modern world, school becomes unnecessary for children to study. They can use Internet, which has wide information available to children. So that children can study at home instead of school. To what extent to you agree or disagree?

systematic organization communication
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moral education (feeling)

Along with the development and the popularity of information technology, Internet has become part of people’s life. In effect, the role of Internet has often been exaggerated (夸大) and overestimated (评价过高) by us. It is no wonder that some radicals (激进分子,terrorist:恐怖分子) propose that children study through Internet without going to school. This is unrealistic for me.

Firstly, study should be performed under systematic organization and direction. Schools provides scientific syllabus (课程提纲), according to which, teachers can fulfill their teaching tasks and help students master the basic knowledge and develop all-round abilities. Compared with school education, Internet cannot organize teaching activities

systematically. It is hard to guarantee good study effect.

Secondly, school is the venue ( 集 合 地 点 ) where students can communicate with their classmates and make social interaction. Communication is helpful to ameliorate (改善,改进) students study methods and improve their study performance. Some problems can be immediately solved when the students put their heads together. Besides, teachers can know the development of students through in-class and
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after-class communication. In contrast (相反), Internet has no emotions. It cannot communicate with students. Suppose one has problems in study, Internet will fail to solve the problems.

Finally, school education can give moral culture to students, teaching them how to distinguish right from wrong. Moral culture is necessary for young students. It can help nurture their ideals and ambitions. Comparatively, Internet can only provide students with information.

Admittedly, I am not denying the role that Internet plays in students’ 充 study. Internet can widen students’ horizons because it abounds (富于, 满) in ample (充足的) information. In addition, students can learn some long distance courses and enlarge their knowledge (broaden their horizons). However, Internet is only a tool of teaching. It will not play the major role in teaching. (277 words)

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Difference between countries has become less evident, so we can enjoy the same films, brands and TV programs. To what degree do you think the disadvantages of this outweigh the advantages?

Some people say that the increasing business and culture contract between countries has the positive effect, others say it would loss the countries identities, agree or disagree。 。

Cultural impact. Violence and erotic content.

Along with the process of globalization, people have more contact with international brands and movies, which broaden our horizons and enrich our lives. People around the world are stunned (晕倒) by the wonderful performance of the world-renowned actresses and actors.

At the first sight, there are no demerits if people around the globe enjoy the same films, TV programs and brands. People are in need of new knowledge in the informative society. Some technologies, like Internet, have surmounted (战胜,超越) the regional obstacle and opened the door to the spectacular (引人入胜的,壮观的) world.

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On second thoughts, however, we have to be aware of the disadvantages of enjoying the same films and brands globally. First of all, what audiences receive from films are not only the artistic ideas, but also the language and culture in a country, which are likely to cause crush between two different cultures. As a result, some people will abandon their tradition and pursue exotic (异国的,外来的) culture blindly. In the long run, the local culture will be at the edge of disappearance.

What’s more, some international films and TV shows may contain violent and erotic depictions because of loose censorship (审查制度). The improper scenes on TV and movies have negative influence on the youngsters, who are apt to imitate what they see on the media. Youngsters are void of the laws knowledge. Consequently, they are too young to distinguish right from wrong. Violent scenes can become the prototypes of crime and lead to serious social problems.

In brief, the disadvantages of enjoying the same international films and brands outweigh the advantages considerably. We should cast rational eyes on internationalization and globalization while we are appreciating the superficial benefits. (274 words)

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Wild animals have no place in the 21th century. Some people think that preventing these wild animals from dying out is a waste of resource. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

Biological diversity has never been so threatened as it is today as a result of the process of human civilization. The various forms of pressure created by human activity have destroyed natural balance and led to the deterioration (恶化) of natural habitats, genetic erosion (腐蚀) and the rarity (稀有), even disappearance, of a number of plant and animal species.

As the pace of civilization accelerates, more people, taking more space, needing to use more natural resources, engaging in ever-growing consumption, impose severe deterioration on the habitat of animals. An increasing number of people come to realize that the disappearance of animals will result in serious threat to the balance of ecosystem. For instance, the extinction of owls, a rat-eating bird seen in many regions, will result in the rapid propagation (繁殖) of rats. And rats, further, will destroy the prairies (草原, 牧场) and threaten the other animals like gazelles (n. 瞪羚, gaze v. 盯,凝视) and zebras, which live on grass and green lands. The coexistence of animals and human beings creates perfect harmony (协调) and brings about the vividness to our planet. It is
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hard to imagine what our world would be like without animals. Sociologist also point out that the disappearance of animals can cause social and economic problems. Animal trade, as a supporting sector to the world economy, was very active before. However, the situation is beyond control since animal trade is very profitable and alluring (adj. 迷人的, 诱惑的). Many species cannot escape the adversity (n. 不幸, 灾祸) of being killed.

Certainly, our diet cannot be without meat. There are living stocks and poultry (n. 家禽), which can provide us with sufficient and nutritious produce. Therefore, we need not to resort to (v. 诉诸于, 采取) wild animals, especially the endangered ones. To protect animals is to protect our living environment. Every individual should join efforts to keep the diversity of animals.

Should the children with special talents be educated with other children together, or should they be educated separately? Please discuss from both sides.

Children’s education has been the hot issue for a very long time since families and the society are much more concerned about it than ever before. Some parents would like to send their children to specialized
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schools so as to develop their children’s talents. But some others are opposed to the proposal. Co-education and specialized education enjoy their own merits.

Firstly, co-education can nurture (养育) students’ collectivism (集体主义) and team spirit. Team spirit becomes more and more important in modern society with the amazing development of science and technology. For instance, the development of genetic technology is achieved through the co-operation of scientists in many countries. Without concerted (协调的) effort, the step of scientific research would be slowed down. Team spirit is beneficial to collect the intelligence of co-operators.

Furthermore, co-education is advantageous to nurture students’ communicative ability. Communication is the basic technique for people to exchange ideas and acquire new information. It is important throughout a person’s whole life. A person has to communicate with various people in different situations because he is not living alone in the world. Without communication, the world would become isolated and monotonous (单调的).

Admittedly, separate education has some undeniable advantages. Talented children usually have their special gifts in some aspects. Separate
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education is helpful to develop children’s talent because our society not only needs the talents with all-round knowledge, but also those who have special skills. Therefore, every country has some famous scientists and artists. We could not appreciate so much wonderful music but for “Beethoven”, and our understanding of the universe would still stay in the barbarian (野蛮的) age without “Einstein”. (265 words)

Scientists use living animals to carry out research. Some people think it is interesting, while some other people think it is cruel. What do you think?

Concerning the issue whether scientists should use living animals for scientific research, people hold different view. Some people claim that it is cruel, while some other people argue that it is beneficial to the development of science. As far as I am concerned, I am in favor of carrying out experiments on animals. Firstly, scientists can do initial experiments on animals to test the effect of new medicine. Scientists have founded so many milestones on the way to medical development. But they can not find effective treatment to some diseases like cancer and AIDS, which are fatal to people’s health. Through experiments on animals, scientists can not only understand the pathology (n. 病理学) of some diseases, but also try the effect of
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medicine and find the most effective treatment to these diseases, making great breakthroughs (n. 突破) in the field of medicine. Secondly, using living animals in the laboratory, the teachers in the university or some research institutes can demonstrate the anatomic knowledge to the students majoring in medicine, rendering students a direct understanding of biological knowledge, which can improve the level of medical research and make great contributions to the medical science. Without experiments on living animals, genetic technology would not have developed so quickly. Actually, most scientists attribute their success and breakthroughs to experiments on animals. Finally, some animals can provide human beings with essential organs for transplantation. Genetic technology will change the genes of some animals. In the near future, organs of animals will take the place of artificial organs like heart pumps, prolonging patients’ life. However, researches on living animals face a moral problem because animals are also creatures in the nature, which possess equal rights as human beings. On second thoughts, it is worthwhile for the purpose to accelerate the development of science and the progress of human civilization.

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