Unit 1 Friendship
教学目的和要求（Teaching aims and demands） 类别 话题 Friends and friendship； international relationships add point upset ignore calm concern loose cheat reason list share feeling N
etherlands German series outdoors crazy nature purpose dare thunder entirely power according trust indoors suffer teenager advice questionnaire quiz situation editor communicate habit 课程标准要求掌握的项目
add up calm down have got to be concerned about walk the dog 词组、短语 go through a series of on purpose in order to face to face according to get along with fall in love join in 1.态度（Attitudes） 2.同意和不同意（Agreement & disagreement） I agree. I think so. I don’t agree. I don’t think so. 3.肯定程度（Certainly） That’s correct. Of course not.
Exactly. I’m afraid not.
直接引语和间接引语（Ⅰ） ：陈述句和疑问句 1.陈述句 “I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary，”said Anne. → Anne said that she didn’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary. 2.一般疑问句 He asked,“Are you leaving tonight？” → He asked us whether we were leaving that night. 3.特殊疑问句 “When did you go to bed last night？”Father said to Anne. → Father asked Anne when she went to bed the night before.
随堂练习 1、Join the parts of the sentences. 1. Anne kept a diary because A she couldn’t meet her friends. 2. She felt very lonely because B Jews were caught by Nazis and put away. 3. They had to hide because C she could tell everything to it. 4. Anne named her diary Kitty because D they were discovered. 5. They were finally caught because E she thought it was her best friend. 答案：1 和 C、2 和 A、3 和 B、4 和 E、5 和 D 2、Choose the correct answers. ①Anne Frank and her family hid away for B. A over a year B over two years C three years D one year and a half 文中信息：She and her family hid away for two years before they were discovered. ②According to Anne, a true friend is a person C.
A that would laugh at you B who makes you happy C whom you can trust D who could save your life 文中信息：During this time the only true friend was her diary and she could tell everything to it. ③Anne said that she had grown crazy about nature because D. A she had always been so B her interest in nature had grown C she had been outdoors too long D she had been indoors too long 文中信息：I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. ④She didn’t dare open the window when the moon was bright. That’s because A. A they might be discovered B her family might be disturbed C it was very cold D a thief might get into the room 文中信息：Her family was Jewish so they had to hide or would be caught by the German Nazis. ⑤Anne and her family were caught by German Nazis C. A about June 1945 B about February 1945 C about December 1944 D about November 1944 文中信息：She and her family hid away for two years before they were discovered. It was the first time in a year and a half that I had seen the night face to face ... The diary was written on June 15, 1944. 课堂笔记 1、Your friend comes to school very upset.你的朋友来上学时心情很不好。 upset 既可以作动词又可以作形容词，在此处是形容词，作补语，用来补充形容主语 your friend 来学校时的心情。 ①The farmer came back home tired and hungry. 那个农民回家时又累又饿。 tired and hungry 修饰主语 the farmer ②Don’t marry young. 不要早婚。 young 补充修饰省去的主语 you ③Who has left the door open? 谁把门敞开的？ open 是形容词，补充修饰宾语 the door ④I can’t drink it hot. 这东西热的我不能喝。 hot 作补语，修饰宾语 it 2、You will tell your friend that you are concerned about him/her but you have to go to class. 你会告诉你的朋友你很关心他（或她） ，但是你得去上课。 be concerned about 为??担心；关心；关注。 ①The family are all concerned about her safety.（be concerned about = be worried about） 全家人对她的安全十分担心。 ②Why is she so concerned about the game?（be concerned about = be interested in） 她为什么对这场比赛这么关注（重视）？ 3、She said,“I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary like most people do， but I want this diary itself to be my friend，and I shall call my friend Kitty” 她说，“我不愿意像大多数人那样在日记中记流水账，我要把这本日记当作我的朋友，我要把这个 朋友称作基蒂。” set down 放下 = put down set down 记下 = write down = take down = put down ①He entered the house, set down his heavy bag, and asked for some water to drink. 他进了屋子，放下沉重的口袋，向人要点水喝。
③He spoke too fast and I couldn’t set down what he said.他讲得很快，我记不下来他所讲 的内容。 4、I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. 我不知道这是不是因为我长久无法出门的缘故，我变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都无 比狂热。 此处的 it’s because ... that ... 是强调句型，意为“因为??所以??” ①It was because he was late again that his teacher scolded him. 因为他再次迟到，所以老师责备了他。 ②It’s all because he studies hard that he does well in every subject. 完全是因为他学习努力，所以他各门功课成绩优秀。 在 it is 之后表原因的从句中，because 不能由 since 和 as 替换。 Why isn’t Jane speaking to me these days? 简这几天为什么不理我？ It was because you spoke ill of her behind her back. 那是因为你背后说了她的坏话。 5、But the moon gave far too much light, I didn’t dare open a window. 但是因为月亮太亮了，我不敢打开窗子。 far 经常与 too 或形容词的比较级连用，意为“过于；??得多”。 ①I’m afraid this bus is far too crowded than that one.（=much too crowded） 恐怕这辆班车比那辆拥挤得多。 ②The necklace was far more expensive than I expected.（=much more expensive） 项链比我预料的昂贵得多。 注意： much too 之后接形容词或副词，much too difficult 困难得多 too much 之后接不可数名词，too much water 太多的水 6、Another time months ago, I happened to be upstairs one evening when the window was open. 有一次，就在几个月前的一天晚上，我碰巧在楼上，窗户是开着的。 happen to do 恰巧；碰巧；偶然（做某事） ①When I came back home my mother happened to be asleep. 我回家的时候，妈妈碰巧在睡觉。 ②The police happened to notice him when the thief was just about to run away. 小偷正要逃跑，这时刚好警察瞧见了。 7、The dark, rainy evening, the wind, the thundering clouds held me entirely in their power. It was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face. 漆黑的夜晚，狂风暴雨，雷电交加，我全然被这种力量镇住了，这是我一年半以来第一 次目睹夜晚。 It’s the first/second/last time ... that ... 某人第一/二/最后一次做某事，在 这个句型中 that 之后的时态常用完成时态。 ①It’s the second time that I have visited your company. 我是第二次来拜访你们公司。 ②It was the third time that she had come into this mountain village to see the
children. 这是她第三次来到这个山村看望这些孩子。 8、Jews were caught by Nazis and put away. 犹太人被纳粹兵抓住并关押起来。 put away 把??起来；把??放好 ①If you don’t use the dictionary, put it away. 如果不用字典，就把它放好。 ②He broke the law and was put away. 他犯法了，因此被关起来了。 语法：间接引语 1、技巧点拨： 间接引语同宾从，“四变”“一加”记心中。 直接引语变为间接引语时，要记住“四变”“一加”： 一变人称、二变语序、三变时态、四变指示代词或时间状语； 一般疑问句变为间接引语时，要加连词 if 或 whether. 2、练习： 运用以上技巧做练习： ①“I don’t know the address of my new home,”Said Anne. Anne said that she didn’t know the address of her new home. ②“Are you very hot with so many clothes on?”Mum said to her. Mum asked her if/whether she was very hot with so many clothes on. ③“I did some homework yesterday,”Tom said. Tom said that he had done some homework the day before. ④“We are going to see a film this evening,”Mary said to her roommates last Sunday. Mary said that they were going to see a film that evening. ⑤“What did you do last Sunday?”Father asked me. Father asked me what I had done the Sunday before. ⑥“Will you come here next Monday?”my friend asked me. My friend asked me if/whether I would go there the next Monday. 变化规律见课本 P88 重点词汇 1、add, add ... to, add to, add up, add up to ①add 增加 添加 补充说 add ... to 把??添加到??去；add to 增添 “Don’t add the sugar to my tea，”she added. “不要把这些糖加到我的茶里面”，她补充道。 Our coming added your trouble. 我们的到来增添了你的麻烦。 （=increase） ②add up 加起来；add up to 加起来总共（up 是副词，to 是介词，接宾语） The number of the students of our school adds up to 3000. 我们学校的学生数加起来共 3000 人。 These numbers must be added up as soon as possible. 这些数字应尽快加起来。 2、upset vt.&vi.adj. calm vt.&vi.adj. concern vt.n. cheat vt.&vi.n.
share vt.n. trust vt.n. point vt.n. list vt.列表；n.名单；表格 共同点：这些词既可以作动词，又可以作名词或形容词。 ①Look, the cheat is cheating at the gate of the park. 看，那个骗子又在公园门口行骗。 ②The news quite upset him and he is upset now.（upset-upset-upset） 这个信息使他心烦意乱，他现在很苦恼。 ③She isn’t calm though we tried to calm her again and again. 她仍然平静不下来，尽管我们再三试图使她镇静。 ④What he said doesn’t concern me, but what she said has a concern with me. 他说的与我毫无关系，但她讲的倒是牵涉到我。 ⑤He isn’t a man to be trusted. At least we three don’t trust him. 他不是一个可以信赖的人，至少我们三个人都不相信他。 ⑥I’ll take（bear）my share of the expenses. That is, I’ll share with you in the expenses. 我将负担我那部分费用，也就是说，我和你分担这些费用。 3、have got to（A.E）=have to 不得不；必须 have got（A.E）=have 有 ①The train is leaving. We have to/have got to hurry.（因客观条件，自己不得不 干某事） 火车就要出发了。我们必须快点。 ②The train is leaving. You must hurry.（他人要求，外界要求某人干某事） 火车就要出发了。你们必须快点。 ③I’m quite hungry now. Have you anything to eat? =I’m quite hungry now. Have you got anything to eat? =I’m quite hungry now. Do you have anything to eat? 我饿坏了，有什么吃的吗？ 4、go through ①to examine carefully 仔细阅读或研究、审查 I went through the students’ papers last night. 昨晚我仔细阅读了学生的作业。 ②to experience 经历；被通过；遭受或忍受 You really don’t know what we went through while working on this project. 你的确不知道我们搞这个项目吃了多少苦。 ③The bill didn’t go through. 这议案未被通过。 5、in order to do 为了 in order not to do 为了不 so as to do 为了 so as not to do 为了不 这两个短语都在句子中作状语，意思相同，但 so as to do/so as not to do 只能位于 句中，in order to do/in order not to do 句中或句首均可。 ①She studies very hard so as to/in order to catch up with others. =In order to catch up with others she studies very hard. 她努力学习，为的是赶上他人。 转换：She studies very hard so that/in order that she can catch up with others. ②In order not to miss the lecture, we got up very early.
为了不错过那场报告，我们起的很早。 6、with the purpose of=for the purpose of 为的是，为了??目的 on purpose 故意，特意的 = purposely ①Did you come to London for/with the purpose of seeing your family or for business purposes? 你到伦敦来看望你的家人还是办事？ ②I didn’t hurt you on purpose. Could forgive me? =I didn’t hurt you on purposely. Could forgive me? 我不是有意伤害你的。你能原谅我吗？ ③I came here on purpose/purposely to see you. 我专程到这儿来看你。 7、face to face 面对面（状语） face-to-face 面对面的（定语） face to face=bead to bead face-to-face=bead-to-bead I really want to have a word with her face to face. =I really want to have a face-to-face word with her. 我确实想和她面对面谈一谈。 8、fall in love with sb 爱上某人（动态） be in love with 爱上某人（状态） 前者不能和表示时间的 for，since，till，until，how long 等词语连用。 ①The girl fell in love with a foreigner last week. 这女孩上星期爱上了一个外国人。 （动态） ②The girl has been in love with a foreigner for a week. 这女孩和一个外国人相爱已经一个星期了。 同类短语（试比较） ： 动态 状态 catch up with sb keep up with sb get in touch with keep sb in touch with sb get into trouble be in trouble get married to sb be married to sb 练习 用括号里的词语翻译句子： 1.她的成功增添了我们的喜悦。 （add to） Her success（has）added to our happiness. 2.李东爱上了短篇小说。 （fall in love） Li Dong has fallen in love with stories. 3.我得把昨天的报纸仔细读读。 （have got to，go through） I have got to go through yesterday’s newspapers. 4.你应该和她面对面谈谈。 （face to face） You should have a talk with her face to face. 5.为了出国，他拼命赚钱。 （with the purpose of） He tries his best to earn money with the purpose of going abroad.