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英语:Unit3Travel journal Warming Up & Reading名师检测 人教版必修1

英语:Unit3《Travel journal》Warming Up & Reading 名师检测(新 人教版必修 1)含详解
【基础巩固】 Ⅰ . 单词拼写 1. Nowadays farmers usually ____________ (运输) their wheat from the farm to the market with tractors. 2. Which one do you ____________ (较喜欢), the blue jacket or the red one? 3. Can you ____________ (说服) the strange man not to make noises? 4. Supper is ____________(预定) for six o’clock. 5. They planned to ____________ (组织)a sports meeting this week. 6. They were ____________ (决定)to buy an apartment for their son. 7. As you get older you will change your ____________ (态度)towards it. 8. One major ____________(不利因素) of the area is the lack of public transport. 9. There will be more students ____________(毕业)from college this year. 10. She ____________(弯腰)forward to pick up her pen. Ⅱ . 完成句子 1. His bad health is_______________________(对他极为不利). (disadvantage) 2. Since she ___________________ (毕业) Harvard last year, she has been working in that company. (graduate) 3. Now many people in London ______________(更愿意) live in the country in their spare time. (prefer) 4. Finally he used the fact _____________(说服)her to give up her plan. (persuade) 5. They have no choice but to _______________(让步) the bad situation. (give) 6. He_________________(喜欢)blowing his own horn(自吹自擂). (fond) 7. As many rare(稀有的) animals are killed, the organization more _____________ (担忧) the protection of them. (care) 8. The police were trying ____________________(确定)the cause of the accident. (determine) 9. Once she makes up her mind, nothing will ________________(让她改变主意). (make, mind) 10. The project has _____________(提前完成). (finish, schedule) Ⅲ . 单项填空 1. —Some warm-hearted people helped the old, but they have been in trouble. —It is a pity, but the fact has ______ people not to help the old hurriedly. A. wanted B. persuaded

C. advised 2. Those flowers are pleasant to ______. A. be looked at C. looking at

D. suggested

B. for looking at D. look at

3. [2012 哈尔滨高一检测] How strange! The spring can ______ a lot of heat in winter. A. give in C. give off B. give up D. give away

4. Some young Chinese who live abroad ______ to look for love at home now. A. prefer C. enjoy B. feel like D. dislike

5. The government is determined that our city ______ to be one of the most livable (宜居的)cities in the world. A. should improve C. ought to improve B. improved D. should be improved

6. It was Thomas, a Swedish poet, ______ won the 2011 Nobel Prize in literature(文学). A. how B. which C. that D. where

7. What is your attitude ______ the Anti-Wall Street (反对华尔街的)movement in New York? A. with B. of C. for D. to

8. —Do you know how many points have you got in this examination? —I don’t know. In fact, I don’t ______ the points, but I ______ what mistakes I have made. A. care for; care for C. take care; care for B. care about; care about D. take care of; care about

9. The city insists that its citizens ______ less to reduce the amount of the carbon dioxide (二氧化碳的含量)in the air. A. will drive C. should drive B. to drive D. drove

10. We ______ to visit the exhibition in memory of the 1911 Revolution(辛亥革命). A. organized C. cared B. persuaded D. let

11. These days they have been ______ the potatoes from Inner Mongolia(内蒙古) to Shandong. A. translating C. flowing B. making D. transporting

12. The shop owner is so ______ that no one can persuade him to change his mind. A. simple C. fortunate B. hard-working D. stubborn

13. [2012 厦门高一检测]Have you ______ whether to take part in the sports meeting to be held next week? A. made up your mind C. made into your minds B. made into your mind D. made your minds

14. [2012 武汉高一检测] We want to complete our plan ahead of ______. So we must work harder. A. transport C. power B. schedule D. pace

15. [2012 南通高一检测] Four policemen rode past on their motorbikes,and then came the television broadcasting car,and ______ the marathon(马拉松)runners. A. finally C. at last 【语篇提升】 阅读理解 Last year, I traveled alone to visit my two daughters in New York, one of whom had recently given birth to her first child. I sat next to an older man with a long white beard and a black hat. We had a long flight ahead of us and I thought we’d get talking. I wondered what he’d say if he knew I was a film writer though Hollywood movies sometimes didn’t interest many people at present. I once wrote a film set in a Hasidic(犹太教中的哈西德派的) neighborhood, and I’d never been certain how it was received. “Hi, ” I said to the man as I sat down. A smile lit up his face. After taking off, we introduced ourselves and made some small talks. Finally he asked the question, “What do you do for a living, Robert?”“I am a writer, ” I answered. “You write what, novels or stories of some sort? ” “Movies, ” I answered. To my surprise, the man was very interested. “I was in a movie once, ” he said. “Really? ” “A big Hollywood movie. I was an extra. It’s called A Stranger Among Us. Have you heard of it? ” “I wrote that film, ” I said. The older man suddenly held my hands and thanked me. He said, “That time in my life was very difficult. My wife and I didn’t know how we’d pay for the rent that month. Then your movie came to our town and offered jobs for us. I wasn’t the only one. We were treated well; our beliefs were respected, and the money helped us get by. You can imagine how much the movie meant to me. Is there anything I can do for you? ” There was. A few days later, in the church my new friend gave a blessing over my new granddaughter. B. in the end D. lately

1. The author took the flight in order to ______. A. see his wife and daughters B. see his new granddaughter C. spend a holiday with his daughters D. visit one of his old friends 2. What did the author probably tell the older man next to him first? A. He was a film writer. B. Hollywood new movies. C. His age and what he liked. D. His name was Robert. 3. What does the underlined word “extra” in Paragraph 4 probably mean? A. A person that is good at acting. B. A person that has a lot of free time. C. A person who plays unimportant parts in a film. D. A person who has just lost his job. 4. Why did the older man thank the author? A. The movie the author wrote helped him go through the difficulty. B. The author was the writer of the movie that he liked best. C. He became famous by playing a role in the movie the author wrote. D. He recognized the author who had once saved him. 5. We can infer from this text that ______. A. the older man worked as an actor B. the author didn’t let the older man help him C. the movies the author wrote were well received D. the older man worked as a churchman

答案解析 【基础巩固】

Ⅰ . 1. transport 6. determined

2. prefer 7. attitude

3. persuade

4. scheduled

5. organize 10. bent

8. disadvantage 9. graduating 2. graduated from 5. give in to 8. to determine

Ⅱ . 1. a great disadvantage to him 3. prefer to 6. is fond of 4. to persuade 7. cares about

9. make her change her mind

10. been finished ahead of schedule

Ⅲ . 1. 【解析】选 B。考查动词词义辨析。want 想,希望;persuade 说服;advise 劝告;suggest 建议。 2. 【解析】选 D。考查不定式的主动形式表示被动意义。句意:这些花让人看着很舒心。 3. 【解析】选 C。考查动词短语辨析。句意:太奇怪了!这个喷泉在冬天能散发很多的热量。give off 发 出,散发,符合句意。give in 屈服; give up 放弃; give away 捐赠,泄露。 4. 【解析】选 A。 考查 prefer 的用法。句意:现在一些生活在国外的年轻人喜欢在国内寻找自己的爱情。 prefer to do sth. 喜欢干某事。 【变式备选】 As a shy boy, he prefers ______ much time alone ______ with other kids. A. to spend; to play C. spending; to play B. spending; to playing D. to spend; to playing

【解析】选 B。 考查 prefer 的用法。prefer doing sth. to doing sth. 比较喜欢做什么,而不太喜欢做什么, 为固定表达。句意:作为一个害羞的男孩,他喜欢独处而不太喜欢和其他孩子玩。 5. 【解析】选 D。句意:政府决定将我们的城市发展为全球最宜居住的城市之一。 be determined 的从句 中谓语用 should do sth. ,或省去 should,只用动词原形。 6. 【解析】选 C。考查强调句式。句意:是瑞典的大诗人托马斯获得了 2011 年度诺贝尔文学奖。把 it was 和 that 去掉, 句意仍然完整通顺, 故本句是强调句式, 应选 C 项 that。 how, which 和 where 不能代替 that, 应 排除。 7. 【解析】选 D。 考查介词。attitude to sth. 对某事的态度,其中介词可以使用 to, 也可用 toward(s) 。 8. 【解析】选 B。句意:——你知道这次考试你得了多少分吗?——不知道,事实上我不在意分数,但是 在意我犯了什么错。care for 喜欢;care about 关心;在乎;在意。 9. 【解析】选 C。考查动词用法。insist 后接从句作宾语时,从句要用虚拟语气, 其谓语用(should+)动 词原形。 【知识拓展】宾语从句一般使用虚拟语气的动词 表示命令的动词:order;command 表示建议的动词:propose;advise;suggest;recommend

表示要求的动词:demand;request;require;desire 表示坚持的动词:insist ① The government order that everyone should help to build a green city. 政府命令每一个人都应该帮助建设一个绿色的城市。 ② The doctor advised that the patient should give up smoking. 医生建议那个病人戒烟。 ③ The workers requested that their boss should raise their pay. 工人们要求老板给他们涨工资。 ④ The man who was caught by the police insisted that he should be set free. 被警察抓住的那个人坚持自己应该被释放。 10. 【解析】选 A。考查动词词义辨析。句意:我们组织起来去参观纪念 1911 辛亥革命的展览。organize to do sth. 组织做某事。 11. 【解析】选 D。考查动词词义辨析。句意:近来,他们一直不断地把土豆从内蒙古运往山东。transport sth. from. . . to. . . 意为“把某物从……运输到……”,符合句意。translate 翻译; make 制造;flow 流动。 12. 【解析】选 D。考查形容词词义辨析。句意:店主非常固执,没有人能使他改变主意。stubborn 固执 的,符合句意。simple 简单的; hard-working 勤勉的;fortunate 幸运的。 13. 【解析】选 A。 make up one’s mind 意为“下定决心干某事”,为固定搭配。 14. 【解析】 选 B。 考查名词。 句意: 我们想提前完成计划。 因此我们不得不更加努力地工作。 ahead of schedule 提前;transport 运输;power 力量,权力;pace 速度,步伐。 15. 【解析】选 A。句意:四个警察骑着摩托车过去了,接着来了电视广播车,最后过来的是马拉松赛跑 选手。finally 常用在列举事物或论点时,引出最后的一项内容,符合句意。in the end 终于,最后,常用于 预测未来;at last 最终,终于;lately 近来;最近。 【语篇提升】 本文讲述了作者愉快的探女之行及其意外收获。 1. 【解析】选 B。细节理解题。根据文章第一段第一句话可知,“我” 去纽约女儿那里, 因为“我”的外孙 女刚出生不久。故 B 项正确。 2. 【解析】选 D。推理判断题。根据第三段中,飞机起飞后的谈话可知,他们应该彼此已介绍了各自的名 字。 3.【解析】 选 C。 词义猜测题。 根据第四段中的“My wife and I didn’t know how we’d pay for the rent that month. Then your movie came to our town and offered jobs for us. ”可知, 由于剧组拍摄电影而到了他的家乡, 在他困 难的时候,给他提供了就业的机会可知,他并不是专职演员,所以他只能演一些并不重要的角色。 4. 【解析】选 A。细节理解题。根据第四段,the older man 在生活最困难的时候,多亏了作者的电影给他 提供了就业机会,使他渡过难关。

5. 【解析】 选 D。 推理判断题。 根据最后一段的“A few days later, in the church my new friend gave a blessing over my new granddaughter. ”可知,the older man 为我的外孙女做了“洗礼”。


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