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【成才之路】2014-2015学年高中英语选修七(十二省区)课后强化作业 Unit 4 Section 2 Word版含答案]


Unit 4
Ⅰ.选择适当的关系代词或关系副词填空

Section Ⅱ

which, that,whose,whom,who,as,when,where,why 1.Please pass me the book ________ is lying on the table. 2.We shouldn't spend

our money testing so many people, most of ________ are healthy. 3.There is a gentleman ________ wants to see you. 4.This is the room in ________ we lived last year. 5.The reason ________ we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air. 6.I'll never forget the day ________ the terrible earthquake happened. 7.This is the only chance ________ he can catch to make a change. 8.She is the only one ________ advice he might listen to. 9.A stone was put up over the place ________ he was buried. 10.We are facing the same problems ________ we did years ago. 答 案 : 1.that/which 9.where 10.as Ⅱ.用限制性定语从句连接两个句子。 1.I invited the boys. Some of the boys didn't come. ________________________________________________________________________ 2.We are living in an age. Many things are done on computers in the age. ________________________________________________________________________ 3.A modern city has been set up in the place. The place was a wasteland ten years ago. ________________________________________________________________________ 4.Working conditions are difficult in the place. I'd like to go there. ________________________________________________________________________ 5.He often helps the students. He thinks they are not quick at their studies. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:1.Some of the boys whom/who/that I invited didn't come. 或 I invited the boys, some of whom didn't come. 2.We are living in an age when many things are done on computers. 3.A modern city has been set up in the place which was a wasteland ten years ago. 4.I'd like to go to the place where working conditions are difficult. 5.He often helps the students who he thinks are not quick at their studies. Ⅲ.完形填空 On May 27th, 1995, our life was suddenly changed. It happened a few minutes past three, 2.whom 3.who 4.which 5.why 6.when 7.that 8.whose

__1__my husband, Chris, fell from his horse as it__2__over a fence. Chris was paralyzed(瘫 痪)from the chest down, __3__to breathe normally. As he was thrown from his horse,we entered into a life of__4__with lots of unexpected challenges. We went from the “haves”to the “havenots”. Or so we thought. __5__what we discovered later were all the gifts that came out of__6__difficulties. We came to learn that something__7__could happen in a disaster. All over the world people__8__Chris so much that letters and postcards poured in every day. By the end of the third week in a __9__center in Virginia, about 35 000 pieces of __10__had been received and sorted. As __11__, we opened letter after letter. They gave us__12__and became a source of strength for us. We used them to__13__ourselves. I would go to the pile of letters marked with “Funny” if we needed a__14__ , or to the “Disabled”box to find advice from people in wheelchairs or__15__in bed living happily and__16__. These letters, we realized, had to be shared. And so __17__we offer one of them to you. Dear Chris, My husband and I were so sorry to hear of your__18__accident last week. No doubt your family and your friends are giving you the strength to face this__19__challenge. People everywhere are also giving you best wishes every day and we are among those who are keeping you__20__. ... Yours Sincerely, Nancy Reagan 1.A.since C.when B.before D.while

答案:C when“当……的时候”,表示动作紧接着发生。while 强调动作同时发生, 一般延续时间较长。从马上摔下来时间较短,不能用 while。 2.A.walked C.pulled B.climbed D.jumped

答案:D jump“跳”。根据宾语 a fence 可确定答案。 3.A.able C.suitable B.unable D.unsuitable

答案:B unable“不能”。从上文的 paralyzed 可以看出,由于克里斯从马上摔下来, 从胸部以下高位截瘫,所以不能正常呼吸。 4.A.disability C.convenience B.possession D.experience

答案:A 因为丈夫的瘫痪导致面对充满意想不到的挑战的生活时无能为力。

5.A.So C.Or 答案:D

B.For D.Yet yet“然而”。上文讲述了由于克里斯从马上摔下来,使他们的生活充满了意

想不到的挑战, 下文讲述了正是这些挑战使作者一家学到了很多东西。 两段之间是转折关系。 6.A.sharing C.fearing B.separating D.exploiting

答案:A share“共同承担”。由于共同承担遇到的困难而使这种磨难成了“礼物”。 7.A.terrible C.wonderful B.similar D.practical

答案:C wonderful“奇妙的”。根据上文的 gifts 可判断出作者从生活的磨难中找到 了奇妙的东西。 8.A.wrote for C.hoped for B.cared for D.sent for

答案: B 从下文“letters and postcards poured in every day”可以看出人们都在关心着克里 斯。 9.A.medical C.experimental B.postal D.mental

答案:A medical“医疗的”。根据上文克里斯瘫痪了这件事可判断出这是在医疗所。 10.A.news C.equipment B.paper D.mail

答案:D mail“邮件”。根据上文的 letters and postcards 可判断出答案。他们收到了 约 35,000 封邮件。 11.A.patients C.nurses B.a family D.a group

答案:B 从这句话的主语 we 可以看出,全家人一起把一封又一封的信打开。 12.A.effect C.comfort B.effort D.explanation

答案:C comfort“安慰”。因为克里斯瘫痪了,他们全家人受到了磨难,大家都来安 慰他们。 13.A.encourage C.control B.express D.treat

答案:A encourage“鼓励,鼓舞”。大家的关心和安慰给了克里斯一家很大的鼓舞。 14.A.cry C.that B.laugh D.sigh

答案: B

根据上文的 Funny 可判断出当作者一家需要“大笑”时,就去阅读标有

“Funny”的信件,寻求笑料。 15.A.much C.even B.never D.seldom

答案:C even“甚至”。even 在这里表示情况更糟糕。借助于轮椅生活的人还可以活 动,卧床不起的人情况更加严重。 16.A.bitterly C.weakly 答案:D B.fairly D.successfully 在选项中能与 happily 相对应的只有 successfully“成功地”。作者到标有

“Disabled”的信件中寻找那些坐在轮椅里或者甚至卧床不起却生活得幸福和成功的人们的建 议。 17.A.here C.therefore B.there D.forward

答案:A here“在这里”。指在这篇短文里,作者提供可共享的信件。 18.A.driving C.running B.flying D.riding

答案:D 根据上文“fell from his horse”可判断出这里说的是骑马造成的事故。 19.A.technical C.difficult B.different D.valuable

答案:C difficult challenge“困难的挑战”。由于瘫痪使生活充满困难。 20.A.nearby C.busy 答案:B 情和关爱。 Ⅳ.阅读理解 Amber has a degree in business management and economics. She put her skills to good use when she spent eleven months in Cambodia (柬埔寨) through World Hope International as a volunteer working with a local microfinance (小额信贷) company to help the poor get financial services. Amber's first few weeks in Cambodia was busy and difficult as she tried to learn the language, understand the culture and get used to her new surroundings. Her volunteer service involved working with a local microfinance company. In addition to writing plans, preparing international marketing materials and building donor(捐赠人) relations, Amber met with company clients. During these visits she learned how the small loans they received transformed their lives. She learned firsthand the benefits of microfinance, which by providing farmers and small business B.close D.alive “...who are keeping you close”(与你心心相印,亲密无间)最能体现来信人的友

owners with affordable working capital (such as money to buy a sewing machine) helped them to earn their way out of poverty(贫穷). “It never stopped amazing me when a client would show me a new home that was built because of a loan he received or the way a client's business had improved and thus allowed his children to be sent to school,” Amber said. Amber recalled that one client called Paul walked her all around his house, pointing to what he had done with each of eight loans he'd received. He explained how every loan had improved his family's quality of life. Amber said he was one of the hardestworking men she had ever met. He had suffered greatly in the Cambodian Civil War and became disabled, but not once did he let it kill his dreams of realizing a better life for his family. His latest purchase, a sound system that he rented out for weddings and other parties doubled his income! Amber said, “Living and working in Cambodia helped me see the world in new ways and made me aware of the hardship and suffering that many people around the world face every day. Those eleven months were some of the most meaningful months of my life.” 1.What's the best title for this passage? A.World Hope International B.Benefits of Microfinance C.Amber's Volunteer Experience in Cambodia D.Poverty in Developing Countries 答案:C 主旨大意题。通读全文,本文主要介绍了 Amber 在柬埔寨的志愿者经历。 2.Amber's volunteer work in Cambodia included all of the following things EXCEPT ________. A.teaching the language B.meeting with company clients C.writing plans D.building donor relations 答案:A 细节理解题。根据第二段 In addition to writing plans, preparing international marketing materials and building donor relations, Amber met with company clients.可知,文章没 有提到 Amber 教当地人语言。 事实是她本人需要克服困难学习语言, 因此 A 项不符合文意, 故选 A。 3.It can be inferred from the passage that ________. A.Amber met with no difficulties after she arrived in Cambodia B.Amber is the leader of World Hope International C.few children go to school because there aren't enough schools in Cambodia D.many local people in Cambodia changed their lives with the loans

答案:D 推理判断题。根据第二段 how the small loans they received transformed their lives 和第三段内容可知,小额信贷项目让很多人受益,改变了他们的生活。 4.After living and working in Cambodia as a volunteer, Amber ________. A.planned to travel to more countries B.changed her view of the world C.decided to be a lifelong volunteer D.became aware of how happy her life was 答案: B 推理判断题。 根据最后一段 helped me see the world in new ways 可知, Amberd 在柬埔寨的志愿者经历改变了她对世界的看法。 Ⅴ.短文改错 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改仅限 1 词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Why Exercise Is Cool? 1. Exercise Strengthens Muscles Did you ever do a pushup or swing across the monkey bars at the playground? __1__ By using your muscles to do powerful things, you can make them stronger. For older teens and adults, this kind of workout can make muscles bigger, too. 2. __2__ Can you touch your toes easily without yelling ouch? Most kids are pretty flexible, which means that they can bend and stretch their bodies without much trouble. Being flexible is having “full range of motion,” which means you can move your arms and legs freely without feeling tightness or pain. 3. Exercise Keeps the Balance __3__ Your body needs a certain amount of calories every day just to function, breathe, walk around, and do all the basic stuff.__4__ If you're not very active, your body won't need as many calories. Whatever your calorie need is, if you eat enough to meet that need, your body weight will stay about the same. If you eat more calories than your body needs, it may be stored as extra fat. 4. Exercise Makes You Feel Good It feels good to have a strong, flexible body that can do all the activities you enjoy—like running, jumping, and playing with your friends. It's also fun to be good at something, like scoring

a basket, hitting a home run, or perfecting a dive. But you may not know that exercising can actually put you in a better mood. __5__ It's just another reason why exercise is cool! A.So you want to do some aerobic (有氧的) exercise right now? B.Food gives your body fuel in the form of calories, which are a kind of energy. C.When you exercise, your brain releases a chemical, which may make you feel happier. D.Those are exercises that can build strength. E.Exercise Makes You Flexible. F.Exercise Makes Your Heart Happy. G.But if you're active, your body needs an extra measure of calories or energy. 答案:1~5 DEBGC Ⅵ.语法填空 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 【全国新课标卷题型】 One Sunday morning in August I went to local music festival. I left it early because I had an appointment__1__(late) that day. My friends walked me to the bus stop and waited with me __2__the bus arrived. I got on the bus and found a seat near the back, and then I noticed a man __3__(sit) at the front. He__4__(pretend) that a tiger toy was real and giving it a voice. He must be__5__(mental) disabled. Behind him were other people to__6__he was trying to talk, minutes__7__walked away and sat near me, looking annoyed. I didn't want to be laughed at for talking to him but I didn't like leaving him__8__his own either. After a while I rose from my seat and walked to the front of the bus. I sat next to the man and introduced myself. We had__9__amazing conversation. He got off the bus before me and I felt very happy the rest of the way home. I'm glad I made a choice. It made__10__of us feel good. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 答案: 1.later 8.on 9.an 10.both 【辽宁卷题型】 Jim: Ming Yue, can I ask you a question? Ming Yue: Sure, what is it? Jim: I was just__1__(wonder) if many Chinese people take their leftover food home__2__the restaurant. 2.till/until 3.sitting/sit 4.was pretending 5.mentally 6.whom 7.they but after some

Ming Yue: In most cities in China, doggy bags are quite__3__(common). The leftover food usually goes to the dustbin. Jim: That seems like an awful waste! Why don't people order fewer dishes__4__they don't have to throw so much food away? Ming Yue:__5__(order) a lot of food at restaurants is just a tradition in China. You know, in the past, people__6__not afford to eat out like they can today. Jim: I guess that makes sense. leftovers home. Ming Yue: Well, if you want, you can take the leftovers home. Jim, I was__8__( impress) by your trying trotters(猪蹄). I heard that many__9__don't like to eat them. Jim: __10__, many people in my generation don't eat trotters, but my parents grew up eating them, so I think they're OK. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 答案:1.wondering 2.from 3.uncommon 4.so that I just think__7__would make more sense to take the

5.Ordering 6.could 7.it 8.impressed 9.foreigners 10.Exactly


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