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河南省三门峡市陕州中学2016届高三上学期第二次精英对抗赛英语试题


2015-2016 学年上期高三第二次精英对抗赛 英 语 试 卷
第I卷

注意事项: 1. 答第 I 卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考生号填写在答题卡上。 2. 选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡 皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A Sports are the base of my life, next to my mother who raised me when my dad left us. I have been into sports since I was six years old. I have known many coaches and heard hundreds of their tips, but they usually focused on drills to develop my skills and reach the next level of play. When I was in Senior Two, I met the new school basketball coach, Brian Pawloski. I thought I was certain to be selected for the school team since I had been in it the year before. I showed up to the tryouts and put out about 90% effort since I thought I’d make it with no problem. That was a big mistake.

Brian Pawloski is the hardest-working coach I have ever met. He didn’t expect 100% effort, he expected 200% effort. One example: he once made us do 40 suicide drills for the 40 lay-ups (投篮) we missed in a game. Some think this is crazy, but it isn’t. After this conditioning practice, as we were getting a cup of cold water to drink, I said, “coach, that was the best practice I ever had.” I was completely sincere. This man was and is the person who influenced me most at my high school. He expects us to be excellent not just on the court but in the classroom. If I am not working on basketball, I am reading a book that he thinks will help us better understand life’s challenges, including Wooden, Coach, and The Screwtape Letters.

In the first two years I slacked off, not putting forth my full potential. Now, unlike the coaches of my youth, this man was interested in how he did off the court. He always made sure I kept up with my studies and was able to be trusted. I can honestly say that no other coach has given me so much advice on how to succeed in basketball, but more importantly, in life. My school is lucky to have such a great person to teach, coach and influence their students. I will always remember my high-school basketball days as one of the hardest times I have ever worked in my life not only in basketball but in my growth as an individual. 21. Different from other coaches, Coach Brian ________. A. concentrated on skill training B. expected the team to do well in their studies C. trained the team to the edge of death D. asked the team to do more reading than training
22. The underlined phrase “slacked off” in the last paragraph probably means ________.

A. paid no attention C. made less effort
23. In the author’s eye, Coach Brian is ________. A. professional and serious C. skilled and cruel B

B. showed no interest D. had less passion

B. hardworking and honest D. strict and helpful

The Netherlands on Monday introduced its first-ever intelligent bicycle, fitted with electronic devices to help bring down the high accident rate among elderly cyclists in the bicycle-mad country. Developed for the government by the Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), the intelligent bicycle, runs on electricity. A commercial-available bicycle is expected to be on the market in the next two years and should sell for between 1, 700 to 3, 200 euros per bicycle. The devices on the bike are linked through an onboard computer with a vibrating (震动的) warning system fitted in the bicycle's saddle and handlebars to

warn cyclists of the coming danger. The saddle vibrates when other cyclists approach from behind, while, the handlebars do the same when barriers appear ahead. "Accidents often happen when cyclists look behind them or get a fright when they are passed at high speed," said Maurice Kwakkernaat, one of TNO's research scientists involved in the project. "The onboard system technology has already been at work in the car industry," he said. ''More and more elderly people are using a bicycle, not only for short distances, but also for longer distances," Dutch Environment and Infrastructure Minister Melanie Schultz van Haegen told AFP. "This type of bicycle is truly needed in the Netherlands because it will help us bring down the number of elderly people who are injured every year and allow them to continue to enjoy cycling," she said. In the Netherlands, bicycles outnumber the population of 17 million by at least one million and there are some 25,000 km of bicycle path in the country. Those statistics are set to grow as more and more people take to two-wheeled transport, leading to an increased risk of injury. Last year, 184 cyclists died in the country, of which 124, or 67%, were older than 65, according to the Central Statistics Office. The year before, 200 cyclists died, the majority of victims also being elderly. The current model weighs 25 kilograms but researchers are working on making the onboard systems smaller.

24. The intelligent bicycle is aimed to ________. A. protect the environment C. popularize the use of bicycles B. help reduce traffic pressure D. improve safety for elderly cyclists

25. Which part of the intelligent bicycle will vibrate when another cyclist was suddenly found ahead? A. The handlebars. C. The saddle. B. The wheels. D. The onboard computer.

26. We can learn from the passage that ________. A. the elderly ride bicycles wherever they go B. the accident rate among elderly cyclists is high

C. the number of elderly cyclists is decreasing D. the elderly are planning to give up cycling 27. Which is the best title for the passage? A. A Test Bicycle C. A Smart Bicycle C You can love them or hate them, but no matter which tourist destination you visit, chances are you'll see someone with their head buried in a Lonely Planet guidebook. Lonely Planet is one of the world's largest travel guide brands, publishing more than 500 different guides in eight languages. The popular brand also produces television shows, websites and podcasts (播客) all devoted to travel. Some people praise Lonely Planet books because they make traveling easy and affordable. They also save time and make sure you don't miss the best things. They also provide the reviews of hostels, hotels, restaurants and ticket information about your destination. This can be great if you're a nervous traveler, or if you haven't traveled by yourself before. If you're in a country where you don't speak the language, sometimes there's nothing better than getting into a taxi and opening up a guidebook. You simply point to a map that directs the taxi driver to a hostel that's cheap and clean, with friendly staff and cold beer. But others criticize Lonely Planet and other travel guide publishers like them. They say guidebooks take the fun and spontaneity (自发性) out of traveling, and that part of the enjoyment of travel comes from the fact that anything can happen. They also regret that if you follow a guidebook, you'll end up doing the same thing and having the same experience as everyone else. You might end up seeing the same group of people over and over, because everyone is reading the same book and following the same route. Another criticism of travel guides is that they have a large impact on local communities. For example, some locals devote their lives to behaving in ways that attract tourists. They pretend to live a traditional lifestyle, wear traditional clothes and live in traditional houses in order to attract the tourist dollar. 28. The Lonely Planet guidebook can bring you the following advantages EXCEPT that _____. B. Elderly Cyclists D. A Bicycle-mad Country

A. you can speak a foreign language when opening a guidebook B. you can easily find a nice place to stay in a strange city C. it provides lots of useful information about your destination D. it can help you save time and money when traveling 29. People criticize the guidebook because ________. A. it is not as useful as most travelers expect B. tourist destinations will be crowded if everyone follows the same route C. travelers may not get the chance to have unexpected adventures D. local people keep modern lifestyles under its influence 30. What do we know about the Lonely Planet guidebook from the text? A. It's a world-famous brand only producing guidebooks for travelers. B. It's very useful to a person who's nervous about touring an unfamiliar place. C. It's very useful to a tourist who dosen’t like to repeat others' experiences. D. It is loved by all travelers because of the convenience it brings to travelers. 31. Which of the following best shows the structure of the text? (①-⑦ stand for Paragraph l- Paragraph 7 )

A

B D

C

D

Imagine a world in which there were suddenly no emotion — a world in which human beings could feel no love or happiness, no terror or hate. Try to imagine the consequences of such a transformation. People might not be able to stay alive: knowing neither joy nor pleasure, anxiety nor fear, they would be as likely to repeat acts that hurt them as acts that were beneficial. They could not learn: they could not benefit from experience because this emotionless world would lack rewards and punishments. Society would soon disappear: people would be as likely to harm one another as to provide help and support. Human relationships would not exist: in a world without friends or enemies, there could be no marriage, affection among companions, or bonds among

members of groups. Society's economic underpinnings (支柱) would be destroyed: since earning $10 million would be no more pleasant than earning $10, there would be no incentive (动力) to work. In fact, there would be no incentives of any kind, for as we will see, incentives mean a capacity to enjoy them. In such a world, the chances that the human species would survive are next to zero, because emotions are the basic instruments of our survival and adaptation. Emotions structure the world for us in important ways. As individuals, we categorize objects on the basis of our emotions. True, we consider the length, shape, size or texture, but an object's physical aspects are less important than what it has done or can do to us — hurt us, surprise us, anger us or make us joyful. We also use categorizations colored by emotions in our families, communities, and overall society. Out of our emotional experience with objects and events comes a social feeling of agreement that certain things and actions are "good" and others are "bad", and we apply these categories to every aspect of our social life — from what foods we eat and what clothes we wear to how we keep promises and which people our group will accept. In fact, society uses our emotional reactions and attitudes, such as loyalty, morality, pride, shame, guilt, fear and greed, in order to maintain itself. It gives high rewards to individuals who perform important tasks such as surgery, makes heroes out of individuals for unusual or dangerous achievements such as flying fighter planes in a war, and uses the legal penal (刑法的) system to make people afraid to engage in antisocial acts. 32. Which of the following is TRUE according to the first paragraph? A. people would not be able to tell the physical aspects of objects. B. people would be more likely to hurt each other than help.each other. C. People would not get any improvement from experience. D. There would be nothing but lies, arguments and violence. 33. In can be inferred from the passage that the economic foundation of society is dependent on

________.
A. the ability to make money C. the motivation to work B. the capacity to work D. the emotional experience

34. Why are the emotional aspects of an object more important than its physical aspects? A. They help society use its members for more profit. B. They encourage us to perform important tasks in the war.

C. They help to perfect the legal and penal system to make people afraid. D. They help us adapt our behaviors to the world surrounding us. 35. What is the text mainly about? A. People could only live in a world with positive emotions. B. People would always do bad things in the emotionless world. C. Emotions play a vital role in the world we are living in. D. Without emotions, nobody would like to work.

第二节 (共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项, 选项中有两项为多余 选项。 Many of us are so busy with work, school and home life that often there is no time left over to do something that you enjoy. What follows are some ways to carve out that essential time you need to slow down, enjoy life and relax yourself. Evenings with yourself. 36 If others ask you to do things those nights, just tell

them you have plans. Use the time for gardening, reading, exercise, thinking or the ultimate luxury of doing nothing! Monthly treat. Schedule a treat for yourself once a month. 37 Maybe you get a

spa treatment, go to see a movie, a haircut, play golf or whatever treat you're always thinking about but rarely get to. Schedule it in and it will happen! 38 Sports, theater, concerts or any other event you would enjoy. Schedule the

plans with a friend later. Having the tickets already in hand will force you to make it happen! Leave work on time. Huh? 39 If this is you, make it a point to leave work exactly

on time at least once a week, if not more. And then enjoy that time! Leave work at work. Join a group. Here are some ideas of groups that can allow you some time away from work and home: singing group, gardening group, astronomy society, book club, biking club, ski club, etc. What are you interested in? Strike while the iron is hot. consider starting one yourself! A. It could be on your lunch break, a weekend or it could be leaving work early. B. Don’t ignore your friends. 40 If you can't find a club,

C. Look up a club in your area today and join! D. Buy tickets in advance. E. Try to save certain weeknights just for you. F. It is suggested that you join as many groups as possible. G. Yes, many of us stay at work late on a regular basis.

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项 (A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Sandy Greenberg came from a poor family. He went to Columbia University on a scholarship and there he met his roommate who also was receiving financial Unfortunately, Sandy had a(n) 42 41 .

disease during his second year at Columbia 43 for Sandy, something else also happened to

University, and finally he became blind. But him — his roommate would 44

his textbooks to him, every night after he lost his sight. 45 46 with honors. He went off to study at Oxford. He was about five hundred dollars as he went along. 48 from him

As a result, Sandy went on to still quite poor, but he had managed to His roommate 47

went on to graduate school. One day, Sandy got a 49

at Oxford. His former roommate said, "Sandy, I'm really graduate school, and I don't want to do this." "Well, what do you want to do?” Sandy 50 . 51

. I really don't like being in

His roommate told him, "Sandy, I really love to plays the guitar. And we would really like to need to make a promo record, and in order to Sandy took all his life savings without roommate was the 55 52 53 54

. I have a high school friend who

our hands in the music business. But we that I need $500." and sent it to his roommate. Well, his 56 up with another

famous singer, Art Garfunkel, and he 57

musician, Paul Simon. That $500 Silence. How we are able to deal with others 59

them make a record that finally became The Sound of

58

in our lives will be influenced by how we deal with 60 . And that's the end of

the way. What we get will depend a lot on what we

the story of doing well by doing good. 41. A. aid 42. A. eye 43. A. finally 44. A. lend 45. A. survive 46. A. save 47. A. never 48. A. message 49. A. unhappy 50. A. suggested 51. A. work 52. A. wave 53. A. win 54. A. permission 55. A. other 56. A. teamed 57. A. saw 58. A. interests 59. A. across 60. A. take B. advice B. ear B. luckily B. offer B. research B. earn B. still B. call B. unhealthy B. answered B. sing B. wash B. do B. consideration B. present B. came B. helped B. opportunities B. in B. give C. crisis C. nose C. sadly C. read C. leave C. keep C. either C. card C. homesick C. asked C. dance C. try C. prove C. hesitation C. former C. showed C. hoped C. difficulties C. by C. like D. report D. lonely D. laughed D. travel D. clean D. earn D. expectation D. later D. let D. let D. feelings D. along D. learn D. pressure D. bone D. excitedly D. return D. graduate D. borrow D. also

第 II 卷

注意事项:用 0.5 毫米黑色笔迹的签字笔将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。

第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的的正确形式。

Night after night, she came to tuck me in (盖被子), even long after my childhood years.

___61

(follow) her longstanding custom, she’d lean down and push my long hair out of the way, 62 63 it first started annoying me — her hands pushing my hair that in reply. But never again 64 my mother close out (结

then kiss my forehead. I don’t remember rough!” She didn’t say 束) my day 65 way. Finally, one night, I shouted out at her, “Don’t do that anymore — your hands are too

that familiar expression of her love. 66 (think) returned to that night. By then

Time after time, with the passing years, my

I missed my mother’s hands, — missed her goodnight kiss on my forehead. Now those hands I once thought to be so rough were still doing things for me and my family. I 67 (frequent) recalled the night my young voice complained. One night, catching 68 (talk) about. She had forgotten — and forgiven — 69 (appreciate) for my gentle mother and ___70 Mom’s hand in hand, I blurted out how sorry I was for that night. I thought she’d remember as I did. But Mom didn’t know what I long ago. That night, I fell asleep with a new caring hands. And the guilt that I had carried around for so long was nowhere to be found. 第四部分 写作 (共两节, 满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中 共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除: 把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。 修改: 在错词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

Yesterday I showed to my friend Peter around Beijing city. We started off at 8:00 a.m. First we went to the Forbidden City, which was one of the most popular tourist spot in Beijing. Then we visited the History Museum. We observed a lot of valuable things in them and we learned a lot about Chinese history. After a quick meal, we went to Beihai Park. Upon arrival, we were all struck by its beautiful scenes. We spent a whole afternoon appreciated the wonder. It was until 18:00 p. m. that we went back. We did have a wonderful time. Peter was very pleased with my arrangement that he invited me to a new-built western restaurant to have a big meal. 第二节 书面表达 (满分 25 分) 学习英语的方法有很多,你最喜欢的方法是什么?

请以 My Favorite English Study Method 为题写一篇 120 词左右的短文。 要求:1.列举至少三种你熟悉与常见的学英语的方法。 2.谈谈你最喜欢的其中一种英语学习方法,并给出至少三条以上的理由。

2015-2016 学年上期高三第二次精英对抗赛 参考答案 阅读理解 21-23 BCD 七选五 36-40 EADGC 46-50 ADBAC 62. when 51-55 BCBCD 56-60 ABCDB 64. did 69. appreciation 65. with 70. her 24-27 DABC 28-31 ACBC 32-35 CCDC

完形填空 41-45 AABCD 语法填空 61. Following 66. thoughts

63. anything

67. frequently 68. was talking

短文改错 Yesterday I showed to my friend Peter around Beijing city. We started off at 8:00

a.m. First we went to the Forbidden City, which was one of the most popular tourist is spot in Beijing. Then we visited the History Museum. We observed a lot of valuable spots things in them and we learned a lot about Chinese history. After a quick meal, we went it to Beihai Park. Upon arrival, we were all struck by its beautiful scenes. We spent a both the

whole afternoon appreciated the wonder. It was ∧ until 18:00 p. m. that we went back. appreciating not

We did have a wonderful time. Peter was very pleased with my arrangement that he so invited me to a new-built western restaurant to have a big meal. newly-built

书面表达 One Possible Version My favorite English Study Method There are many ways of learning English, such as listening to English songs, reading English novels and seeing English films, among all of which seeing English films is my favorite. I like the method so much mainly for three reasons. First, it can help me learn how the native speakers speak English. I usually think what I learn from textbooks is a little formal; as a result, my spoken English sounds more like written English. Second, it is a good way to improve my listening skills. Third, it is fun to see films. Remembering a large number of words and reading grammar books always make me bored. However, through seeing films , learning English is relaxing and is not so boring any more. Have you ever tried this way ? If not , try to do as I have done. I’m sure you’ll love it .



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