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甘肃省部分普通中学2016高考英语新课标学能专业高效提分集训试题(二十六)


甘肃省部分普通中学 2016 高考英语新课标学能专业高效提分集训试题 (二十六)
注意:本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。满分120分。考试时间100分钟。 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分:阅读理解( 共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A An artist in Oakland, California is using his skills to help the homeless. Greg Kloehn builds very small shelters that make life on the streets a little more comfortable. The structures offer the homeless some safety and protection from bad weather. Each little house also has wheels on the bottom so it can go wherever its owner goes. Greg Kloehn has given away at least 20 tiny houses. Several are on the roadside near an active railroad. On a recent day, Mr. Kloehn stops at one to visit Oscar Young. The two men hug. Inside his little shelter Mr. Young gets relief from cold nights on the streets. Mr. Kloehn also visits Sweet-Pea, another friend who also lives in one of the little homes the artist built. She says it keeps her safe and protects her belongings. In the mornings, Mr. Kloehn searches the streets for building materials. He gathers what he can and takes it to his studio. There, he puts the houses together. Empty coffee bags become roof material. A washing machine door and refrigerator part become windows. Nails, screws and the sticky glue hold all the pieces together. The artist also attaches a small electrical device to the house. The device is powered by the sun. Some of the people living on the streets once had normal houses of their own. But some of the people say they have learned to live with less and they are thankful to that man. Mr. Kloehn says his work is not a social project. He says he is just someone using his skills to help his homeless neighbors. 21. The following are the advantages of the small shelters EXCEPT ________. A. saving power and energy B. decorating the streets where they are C. protecting possessions of the homeless D. keeping the homeless safe and comfortable 22. We can learn from the passage that ________. A. An act of kindness has made people simple and grateful B. Greg Kloehn has sold at least 20 tiny houses C. The shelters are immovable D. The government has got involved in the action 23. What’s the main idea of the passage? A. A more comfortable shelter on the streets. B. An artist creates homes for the homeless. C. A successful social project in Oakland. D. An artist makes a living by designing small shelters. B Most of us have quite good memories, but our memories are limited. For example, we cannot remember everyone we have ever met or what we did on every single day of our lives. However, there are some people who do have prodigious memories. These people have a rare condition known as savant syndrome (学者症候群). Savants suffer from a developmental disorder, but they also exhibit great talents that contrast( 显 出 差 异 ) sharply with their physical and mental disabilities. Kim Peek (1951-2009) was a savant who lived in Salt Lake City, Utah, in the United States. He was born with damage to parts of his brain, but it seemed that other parts of his brain, particularly those relating to memory, became over-developed. Peek’s unique abilities appeared at a very early age. When he was just 20 months old, he could already remember every book that was read to him. Peek could read two pages of a book at the same time---one page with the right eye and one with the left---in less than 10 seconds and remember everything he read. By the time he died, Peek had memorized more than 9,000 books. He

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could remember all the names and numbers in a variety of telephone books. He could remember thousands of facts about history, literature, geography and sports. Dr. David Treffert, an expert on savant syndrome, once described Peek as “a living Google” because of his astonishing ability to memorize and connect facts. However, at the same time, Peek was unable to carry out simple tasks, such as brushing his hair or getting dressed, and he needed others to help him. In 1989, the movie Rain Man won the Oscar for best Picture. The main character in the movie, played by Dustin Hoffman, was based on Kim Peek’s life. He started to appear on television, where he would amaze audiences by correctly answering difficult questions on different topics. Peek became world famous, and he and his father began touring widely to talk about overcoming disabilities. He inspired a great many people with his words. “Recognizing and respecting differences in others, and treating everyone in the way you want them to treat you, will make our world a better place for everyone. Everyone is different.” 24. The underlined word “prodigious” in Paragraph 1 probably means ________. A. happy B. vivid C. amazing D. short 25. According to the text, Peek ________. A. could take care of himself B. was born with a good memory C. was the student of Dr. David Treffert D. became brain-damaged at 20 months old 26. How is Paragraph 3 mainly developed? A. By proving facts. B. By following time order. C. By analyzing causes. D. By making comparisons. 27. Peek’s words suggest that we should ________. A. respect different cultures B. listen to different opinions C. treat different people differently D. be respectful of others’differences C Wild weather, unexpected coral reefs and dangerous sea creatures? these are the nightmares (噩梦) you can imagine a teenager on a solo voyage (独自旅行) around the world might suffer from. But for Laura Dekker, sailing around the globe seems less a price to be paid than a prize to be treasured. As the 19-year-old Dutch sailor said in Maidentrip, a documentary(纪录影片) released last year about her experience of becoming the youngest person to sail around the world alone in 2012, “I was born on a boat. I lived my first five years at sea. And ever since, all I have wanted is to return to that life.” With her yacht(游艇) Guppy, Dekker began her journey at 14 and sailed 50,004 kilometers in 519 days. The flying fish keeping her company, the dolphins following in her wake and the warm days spent on deck playing the flute (长笛) as she watched another unforgettable sunset were enough to make others jealous. But these didn’t always go well. There were terrible moments in which Dekker feared death. On one occasion, a whale almost turned Guppy over. Another time, she battled extreme winds and Guppy surfed down 8-meter-high waves. Out on the open sea alone, she also got used to living without a fridge, a flushing(用水 冲洗) toilet, and a hot shower. “As a human being you don’t need much,” she told Stuff.co.nz. “ They might make life more comfortable, but you really don’t need them to be happy.” In fact, her outlook on life was shaped by the trip. “I wanted the storms. I wanted the calms. I wanted to feel loneliness,” she told The New York Times. “And now I know all these things. It’s the end of the dream I had as a child, and it’s the beginning of my life as a sailor.” 28. According to the text, in which year did Dekker begin her journey of 50,004 kilometers at sea? A. In 2012 B. In 2010 C. In 2009 D. In 2011 29. The method the author uses to develop Paragraph 5 is ________. A. offering analyses B. providing explanations C. giving examples D. making comparisons

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30. Which of the following can best describe the girl Laura Dekker? _________. A. Modest and optimistic B. Patient and hospitable C. Brave and generous D. Brave and determined 31. How did Laura Dekker think of her life on the sea? A. It was so dangerous and almost ruined her. B. It brought her great happiness and much comfort. C. It is the sailing on the sea that made her well known. D. Full of danger and challenge, it made her experience happiness and better understand life as well. D Modern smart phones are fast becoming the must-have item. But what’s in store for the next generation of smart phones? Tired of carrying around that heavy wallet? Soon you won’t need to! The next generation of smart phones will have NFC technology, which lets you pay for things with your smart phones. All you do is enter your credit card information into your phone. Then, when you are in a shop that allows NFC payments, you just wave your phone over a special instrument at the checkout. The purchase is instantly charged to your credit card. Ever seen someone wearing something and wished you knew where to get it? Soon it will be easy with PicCommerce, new technology that uses image-recognition software. Here’s how it works. If you see something you like, simply take a photo of it with your smart phone. Then, your phone will send the image to a special server, which will respond with information about where you can buy it and how much it will cost. Sick of your smart phone battery going flat? With so many applications draining (消耗) the battery, the latest phones need to be charged every day. But next generation smart phones will come with built-in chips that can connect to an antenna (天线) in your home. And as long as your phone is within range of the antenna, you will be able to charge your smartphone wirelessly, even if it is in your pocket. Worried about getting your smart phones wet in the rain? A company called Hz0 has invented WaterBlock, new technology that makes your phone completely waterproof. And it’s so effective that your phone will even work underwater. Fed up with carrying a heavy phone around? Soon, you will be able to get a PaperPhone! “Flexible phones are the future,” said scientist Roel Vertegaal. So, what are the benefits of flexible phones? Well, it means that instead of carrying your phone in your pocket, you could wear it wrapped around your wrist, for example. Of course, there is just the problem: with so much new smart phone technology around, you will soon need to buy a new phone! 32. To pay with your smart phone, you need to ________. A. go to a bank B. store money in the phone C. have a credit card D. buy a special instrument 33. We can learn from the 4th paragraph that the next generation of smart phones ________. A. will have chips instead of batteries B. may consume less power C. needn’t be charged frequently D. will be charged easily 34. Which feature of future smart phones does Paragraph 6 show? A. They will be easier to carry. B. They will be cheaper. C. They will be smaller. D. They will be easier to operate. 35. What can be the best title for the text? A. Basic Functions of Smart phones B. The Future of Smart phones C. Advantages of Modern Smart phones D. The Development of Phone Technology 第二节(共 5 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Pronunciation Tips These English pronunciation tips will help you get the most out of your Pronunciation Power program. ★ 36

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For example, “threw” and “through”, although spelled differently, are pronounced the same. Also, identical(相同的) letters or letter clusters(字母组合) in words do not always produce the same sound. For example, the “ough” in “though” and “through” represents a different sound in each word. 37 ★ Imagine a sound in your mind before you say it. Try to visualize(想象))the positioning of your mouth and face. 38 ★ Listen to and try to imitate the Pronunciation Power instructor. In addition to listening for specific sounds, pay attention to pauses, the intonation(语 调) of the instructor's voice and patterns of emphasis. 39 ★ The English language has many different dialects, and words can be pronounced differently. It is important, however, that you pronounce words clearly to ensure effective communication. ★ Finally, the Pronunciation Power program is a tool to help you. But you must practice what you are learning! Remember that you are teaching your mouth a new way to move. You are building muscles that you do not use in your own language. 40 Use the program to exercise your mouth a little bit each day. A. Read these words over and over again and try to learn them by heart. B. This can be just as important as the pronunciation of sounds. C. Learn to practice what you hear, not what you see. D. So you should force yourself to do what you really don’t like to do. E. Do not confuse pronunciation of words with their spelling! F. It is like going to the gym and exercising your body. G. Think about how you are going to make the sound. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 For the love that shaped my childhood and still cocoons (把??包围起来) me today, I can never repay my grandfather or my father? I felt the back of my grandfather’s rough 41 touch gently my jaw today as he used to when he was till 42 , when I was only a child? I 43 a beautifully stamped envelope from the States in the mail. I immediately 44 one stamp and my father’s scrawl (潦草的字迹)below. 45 , I used a knife to open the envelope, knowing that occasionally my 46 sent me valuable treasure through the 47 .Inside, I found another 48 . On it, I saw two scripts (手稿). The first one had my father’s explanations: “In the 40’s, my great-grandfather bought a 49 . He used it in his office at the family restaurant and when he 50 , my grandfather started using the desk. When the family 51 was sold, the desk was 52 to my grandfather’s house in Normandy. Later, my father decided to move the desk 53 and begin using it. When he did so, he looked through the drawers of the desk and 54 an envelope.” The second script bore my grandfather’s handwriting: “In 1972, on the eve of my departure from France to Canada, I had 55 my grandparents and given my beloved 56 a wildflower, as children will. He lovingly 57 it and put it in an envelope, saying, “A gift from my ‘bouchon’. Will I ever see her again?” Today, I received proof that the people in our hearts, even if their travels take them to heaven, can 58 touch us in the most surprising ways. Today, I 59 the back of my grandfather’s rough fingers touch 60 my jaw as he used to when I was only a child, when he was still alive? 41. A. arms B. nails C. legs D. fingers 42. A. stubborn B. innocent C. healthy D. alive 43. A. fixed B. received C. passed D. gained 44. A. recognized B. realized C. evaluated D. claimed 45. A. Thankfully B. Gradually C. Carefully D. Hopefully 46. A. brother B. father C. mother D. sister

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47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60.

A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A.

road book desk took away factory attached again bought controlled uncle made ever felt gently

B. ship C. B. wallet B. chair B. passed away B. business C. B. supplied C. B. far B. found B. intended B. aunt B. eyed C. B. still B. shook B. calmly

mail D. traffic C. bag D. envelope C. bed D. computer C. put away D. passed by restaurant D. element applied D. moved C. fast D. slowly C. invented D. created C. visited D. affected C. grandma D. grandfather dried D. pressed C. away D. just C. thought D. replaced C. firmly D. fully

第 II 卷 注意:将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。 第二节(共 10 小题:每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Long ago, there lived in Greece a 61 (learn) man. He was 62 well-known for his knowledge of almost everything that lots of people from all over the country came to learn from him. The great man taught his students whole-heartedly and answered their questions with great 63 (patient). One day, a student asked him, “My dear teacher, didn’t you say you yourself have many more questions about things than we do? 64 I think we students have far more than you.” With a smile on his face, the teacher 65 (draw) two circles, one as large as a big cake, the other smaller. Then he said, “Of course, I have learned much more. But 66 is wrong to think a teacher has fewer questions than his students. Now, look at these two circles. The inside of the bigger one is my knowledge of things, and the inside of the smaller one is 67 (you). Out of the circles is what is still unknown to us. Since mine is larger, I have 68 (use) the longer line to draw the bigger circle. That 69 (mean) I have more opportunities to face what is still unknown. And that’s why I myself have more questions than you do. The 70 (much) you learn, the more questions you have. You will never learn enough, you know.” 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。作文中共有 10 处语言 错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏子符号(∧)并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Jack, How is everything going recently? I’m writing to tell you something more about my birthday. The other day we hold a party to celebrate my 18th birthday. I received many presents from my friends and parents, including cards, books, CDs or so on. During the party we sang and danced, having good time. I thanked my friends for his help and company. At the meantime, I showed my sincere appreciation to my parents for bringing me up. Now I grow up, that means I should shoulder more responsibilities. I’ll try my best to share more houseworks to reduce their burden. It’s high time that I do something to repay them. How did you celebrate your 18th birthday? I’m looking forward to hear from you soon. Yours Sincerely Li Jin 第二节:书面表达(满分 25 分)

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最近,你们班召开了以“我的中国梦”(My Chinese Dream)为主题的班会活动。请写一篇日记,记述 班会情况及自己的感受。 内容要点如下:1.每位同学都畅谈了自己对中国梦的理解; 2.你谈到了自己的梦想; 3.如何实现自己的梦想。 注意:1. 总词数 100 左右。 2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 May 8 Wednesday Sunday ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________

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【高效提分】甘肃省部分普通中学 2016 高考英语新课标学能专业高效提分集训试题(二十六) 参考答案 阅读理解 21-23 BAB 24-27 CBAD 28-31 CCDD 32-35 CDAB 36-40 ECGBF 完形填空 41-45 DDBAC 46-50 BCDAB 51-55 CDABC 56-60 DCBAA 61. learned 62. so 63. patience 64. But 65. drew 66. it 67. yours 68. to use 69. means 70. more 短文改错: Dear Jack, How is everything going recently? I’m writing to tell you something more about my birthday. The other day we hold a party to celebrate my 18th birthday. I received many held presents from my friends and parents, including cards, books, CDs or so on. During the and party we sang and danced, having ∧good time. a I thanked my friends for his help and company. At the meantime, I showed my sincere their In appreciation to my parents for bringing me up. Now I grow up, that means I should which shoulder more responsibilities. I’ll try my best to share more houseworks to reduce their housework burden. It’s high time that I do something to repay them. did(或 do 前加 should) How did you celebrate your 18th birthday? I’m looking forward to hear from you soon. hearing Yours Sincerely Li Jin 书面表达 May 8 Wednesday Sunny Recently we had a class meeting on the topic of My Chinese Dream. Inspired by President X's Chinese Dream, everyone talked enthusiastically/excitedly about his understanding of the Chinese Dream. We all believe that this dream will come true in the future. I also talked about my own dream. I have always wanted to be a doctor. Not only can doctors save people's lives but also they are doing a respectable job. Doctors can also help people to live a better life with their professional knowledge. To realize my dream, I must try to work hard from now on. I must learn as much as I can to be admitted to a good medical college, where I can prepare myself well enough for the job of a doctor. Only in this way can I accomplish/achieve my goal.

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