tceic.com
简单学习网 让学习变简单
相关标签
当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

Rational Cloze


Rational Cloze
从语法填空题空格的设置来看,至少应当包括以下 4 个特点 一、考查语法。每一个空格的设置都必定涉及到某一条或某几条语法规则,不会 单纯考查单词的拼写和词组的用法。 例 1 In Greece, women had little freedom. Wealthy women hardly left their houses, but they

______ (allow) to attend weddings and some festivals. 解析:因 allow 与 they 在逻辑上是动宾关系,要用被动语态,用 be allowed; 由 had, left 可知 be 是一般过去式;主语是复数 they,be 的过去式是 were, 答案是 were allowed。 点评:此题就涉及到动词的时态、语态和主谓一致三条语法规则。 例 2 The ______ why I was sad was that he didn't understand me.

解析:因为 why 引导的定语从句,前面的先行词一定是 reason。 点评:此题看起来好像是考查填入恰当的名词,但实际上是考查定语从句。 二、考虑语境。既然采用短文的形式来考查语法,其目的就是要利用短文有较强 语境的特点来命题,否则,就不如用单句来考查语法了。也就是说,考生要填出 正确答案, 至少需理解整个句子的意思或各分句之间的逻辑关系,或者需要理解 前后几个句子,甚至整个段落或篇章。 例4 Several changes have brought wild animals to the . Foremost,

air and water quality in many cities have improved as a result of the 1970's pollution control efforts? 解析:在冠词 the 后必定是名词,再根据下句可确定要填 cities。 点评:本题若只根据设空句本身,而不阅读并理解下文,是不可能填出正确答案 的。 三、考点分散。基本上一个空格代表一个语法点,10 个空有可能涉及到 10 个语 法点,至少也得有 7 个语法点。笔者认为,即使对一些非常重要的语法项目,如 动词时态、非谓语动词、不定代词等,单独一项也可能是一空,至多两空,设三 空的可能性是极小的。 四、适当提示。但是若涉及到动词的时态、语态、非谓语动词、词类转换等需要 词形变化的空格.

例7

Oil prices have risen by 32 percent since the start of the year,

_____(reach) a record US$ 57.65 a barrel on April 4. 解析:reach 及后面的内容是伴随着谓语动词的发生而产生的自然结果,用现在 分词作状语,故填 reaching。 例8 It would be ______ (believe) that such an honest fellow should have

betrayed his friends! 解析:因为在系动词 be 后作表语,要用 believe 的形容词形式 believale;由 句意“这样一个老实人竟会出卖朋友,真难以置信!”可知,还要在前面加上表 示相反意义的前缀 un,答案为 unbelievable。 五、出题一般涉及到以下几个方面:1)动词与介词或副词搭配构成的固定动词 短语; 2)冠词的用法; 3)连词的用法,包括从属连词和并列连词; )派生词的用法; 5)动词的适当形式; 6)情态动词的用法; 7)定语从句、名词性从句的引导词等。 解答语法填空题的八条思路 根据语法知识进行填充 根据逻辑关系进行填充 根据语篇标志进行填充 语篇是指比单个句子长的语言单位(句群、段落、篇章等)。语篇间往往有标明 内在联系的词,我们称这些词为“语篇标志词”。如表示结构层次的有 first, second, third, finally 等;表示逻辑关系的有 thus,therefore,so 等;表 示转折关系或变换话题的有 however, but, by the way 等。“语篇标志词”对 迅速理清文章的脉络,弄清上下文关系很有帮助。 4.根据固定词组进行填充

熟练掌握一些常见的词组,如 as a matter of, be proud of, by the way, come from, congratulate?on?, devote?to?, earn one’s living, keep one’s word, make up one’s mind 等,对解题很有帮助。 5. 根据句型搭配进行填,就是根据一些常用的句型搭配,如 so/such?that?, it is?(for sb.) to do sth., There is no doubt that?, there is no sense in doing sth.等来解题。 6. 根据词汇知识进行填充 指根据某些词语在用法上的特殊搭配来解题。如下列各类动词必须牢记:只能接 动词的-ing 形式作宾语的动词,只能接 to do 作宾语的动词,接 to do 作补语 的动词,接 do 作补语的动词,接 doing 或 done 作补语的动词,对句式搭配要求 较为特别的词语,等等。 7. 根据生活常识进行填充 I crossed the street to avoid 1 (meet) him, but he saw me and came 2 3 (pretend) that I had not seen (meet) Nigel Dykes. He never

running towards me. It was no use him, so I waved to him. I never enjoy has anything on 考策略 1.不断记忆,积累词汇。 5 4

(do). No matter how busy you are, he always insists

(come) with you.meetingpretendingmeetingto docoming 三、备

语法填空题对单词提出了比以前更高的要求,它不但要求考生认识单词,还要求 能写出一些要求的单词。这就要求考生平时不断地记忆单词,不断地积累词汇, 千方百计地把我们的词汇量提高上去。考试时才能随心所欲的写出单词,填出固 定搭配。 2.夯实基础,学好语法。 英语的基础知识琐碎繁杂,不是一朝一夕就能掌握的,它要求我们平时多听,多 读,多记,夯实自己的基础知识;我们还要坚定不移地加强语法的学习,尤其是 长句、 难句、 复杂句的分析。 只有这样, 才能为综合能力的提高打下坚实的基础。 3.大声朗读,培养语感。

语感是一种对语言、语段或词句的感受能力,是一种看不见摸不着的东西,但在 做完形填空题时又是必不可少的东西。娴熟的语感的形成不是一蹴而就的,要在 平时的学习过程中多听,多读,尤其是大声朗读犹为重要。在早读或晚读时间, 抛开顾忌,放开喉咙,大声朗读,对培养语感是非常重要的。如果通过朗读能够 多背诵一些课文是再好不过的了。语感在你的朗读和背诵课文的过程中,不知不 觉地逐步形成了。 4.坚持不懈,多做练习。 语法填空是一种新题型, 考生在前几年都不曾练过的。但是高考中又占了总分的 十分之一,非常重要。因此要求考生在考前一段时间要大量练习这种题型,不断 练习,不断总结,不断提高,高考时才能处变不惊,轻松应对。 Will _1_ matter if you don’t take your breakfast? Recently a test __2__ _ (give) in the United Sates. Those tests included people of different ____3___ from 12 to 83. During the experiment, these people were given all kinds of breakfasts, and sometimes they got __4_ breakfast at all. Special tests were set up to see ___5___ well their bodies worked and when they had eaten__6_certain kind of breakfast. The results show that if a person eats a proper breakfast, he or she will work with better effect ___7__ if he or she has no breakfast. This fact appears to be ______8______ (especial) true if a person works ___9__ his brains. For example, if a student eats fruit, eggs, bread and milk before going to school, he will learn more quickly and listen with___10__ (much) attention in class.itwere givenagesnohowathanespeciallywithmore


推荐相关:

秦丽丽 语法填空

锦弘中学高中英语组集体教研第一讲示范课教案 Rational Cloze Teacher: 秦丽丽 Place: 集体备课室 Time: 10 月 13 日上午 I. Teaching aims T ...


语法填空

语法填空(Rational Cloze) 语法填空以要求根据上下文填入一个以动词(verb)(或其适当形式) 、名词 (noun)、代词(pronoun)、冠词(article)、介词(prep.)语法填空(...


语法填空无提示词类

___ 审批人:___ Learning aims: 1.To share the skills to deal with the rational cloze without cue words by observing and analyzing. 2.To practice ...


新世纪大学英语4综合教程——Cloze和整句翻译的完整整合

rational Cloze(technology is a) 1) emphasize 2) opposite 3) improved 4) luxuries 5) benefited 6) obviously 7) consciously 8) fractures 9) eternal 10...


完形语法填词分析

从表中的得分情况看,失分较多的题目为:第 38、39、40、 43、 45、46、49 题,其中得分最低的是第 38、40、43 题 一、语法填空题 (Rational Cloze) ;其...


The Origin and Theoretical Foundation of Cloze Test

According to different deletion and fill-in-blank methods, it can be mainly classified to fixed-ratio cloze, rational cloze, multiple choice cloze, C-...


语法填空教案

2. Finish a former MET rational cloze. Step 4: Conclusion. Step 5: Homework. Learn parts. Name the winner! how to analyze sentence Check the answers...


介词代词

Period 27 Rational Cloze Text (介词) Part I: 完成以下五道热身题目 1. Your appearance simply adds up ___ Period 27 Rational...


公开课教案

Senior 3 Teacher: Zhao Qian Teaching content: Rational Cloze Teaching period:1 period Teaching objectives: To help students master skills how to solve ...


完形填1

exploiting Rational cloze test(15 points) The history of the bicycle dates back to the 1790s. A Frenchman 31___ (create) the first two-wheel bicycle...

网站首页 | 网站地图
All rights reserved Powered by 简单学习网 www.tceic.com
copyright ©right 2010-2021。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit325@126.com