中原名校 2014 年高考仿真模拟统一考试
组题编审：北大附中河南分校 绵阳中学 许昌高中 （考试时间：120 分针 试卷满分：150 分） 说明： 1．本试卷分第 I 卷（选择题）和第 II 卷（非选择题）两部分，听力成绩不计入总分。 2 答第 I 卷前，考生务必将自己的姓名、考号、考场、座号填写在答题卡上。 3 每小题选出答案后，请把答案填写在答
第 I 卷选择题
第一部分：听力理解（共两节。满分 30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题：每小题 1.5 分，满分 7 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 移钟的时间来回菩有关小题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What is the probable relationship between the two speakers? A. Teacher and student. B. Doctor and patient. C. Manager and office worker. 2 . What is the woman complaining about? A. Having to wait B. Her check C. The computer 3. What does the woman mean? A. The woman knows where Martha has gone. B. Martha will go to the concert by herself. C. It is quite possible for the man to find Martha. 4. What is the man's ticket for'? A. A play B.A concert C. A lecture 5. What does the man mean? A. He agrees with the woman. B. He disagrees wit h the woman. C. He is looking in the woman's eye. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1 5 分，共 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A.B.C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项。并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读两遍。 听第六段材料，回答第 6-7 题。 6. What does the woman do part-time?
A. A cleaner B. A guide C. A teacher 7. What is the most important reason why the woman likes the job? A She can get a high pay. B. She can have more spare time. C. She can get a full working experience . 8. What do we learn about the two speakers? A. The man likes to sit in his chair. B. The woman doesn't like to travel. C. They went on a trip last year. 9. How long does the voyage the speakers talked about in the advertisement take? A. 10 days B. 21 days C 25 days 听第八段材料，回答第 10-12 题。 10. Why does the man come to the woman? A. Because he wants the woman to help with the computer design B. Because he wants the woman to advertise his products. C. Because he wants the woman to sell his products. 11. What makes the computer different from other ones? A .A voice-activation system and study software B. A children game system and a voice-activation system. C. A voice-activation system and special hardware. 12. Which is TRUE about the new computer? A. It can speak to users. B. It is cheaper than others. C Its hardware is better than others 听第九段材料，回答第 13 16 题。 13 . What is Frank's brother's hobby? A. Collecting stamps B. Working in a garden C. Collecting coins 14. Where does Sue want to go some day? A Mexico B China C Canada 15. Why doesn't Frank have a real hobby? A Because he is too busy. B Because he doesn't want to C Because he is lazy. 16. What does Frank do? A. Marketing director B. Traveling salesman C. Office clerk 听第十段材料，回答第 17-20 题。 17 What is the speaker mainly talking about? A. How money came into use B. Some of the things that served as money in the past C. How to decide the value of money. 18. Which of the following might have been used as money by early Japanese according to the passage? A .Tea B. Salt C .Nuts 19. Who were the first people to use coins?
A Europeans B American Indians C. Chinese 20. What can we learn from the passage? A. Things lowly valued by everyone may not serve as money. B. Salt is seldom used as a kind of money C. The most common money of all was a plant of some kind 第二部分：阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 Family traditions were important in our house, and none was more appreciated than the perfect Christmas tree "Dad, can we watch when you trim （修剪） the tree?" My eldest son. Dan, nine, and his seven -year-old brother John, asked "I won't be cutting this year," my husband Bob said. "Dan, you and John are old enough to measure things. Do it all by yourselves. Think you boys can handle it? Dan and John seemed to grow six inches in their chairs at the thought of such an amazing responsibility. "We can handle it." Dan promised. "We won't let you down." . A few days before Christmas. Dan and John rushed in after school. They gathered the tools they'd need and brought them out to the yard .where the tree waited. I was cooking when I heard the happy sounds as the boys carried the tree into the lying room. Then I heard the sound that every mother knows is trouble: dead silence I hurried out to them. The tree was cut too short. John crossed his arms tight across his chest. His eyes filled with angry tears. I felt worried The tree was central to our holiday. I didn't want the boys to feel ashamed every tune they looked at it. I couldn't lower the ceiling, and I couldn't raise the floor either. There was no way to undo the damage done. Suddenly, a thought came to my mind, which turned the problem into the solution. www..com “We can't make the tree taller." I said. "But we can put it on a higher position" Dan nodded his head sideways. "We could put it on the coffee table. It just might work! Let's try it!“ When Bob got home and looked at the big tree on top of the coffee table, Dan and John held their breath. "What a good idea!" he declared "Why didn't I ever think of such a thing?" John broke into a grin Dan's chest swelled with pride. 21 . Who trimmed the Christmas tree this year? A. The writer B. Bob C. Dan and John D. The whole family 22 . The underlined part "grow six inches" (Para. 4) implies the brothers felt ______. A. proud B. nervous C. worried D. scared 23 . What happened after the brothers moved the Christmas tree into the living room? A. They rushed into school. B They began to decorate the tree. C. They got angry with each other D. They found the tree was cut short
24. What the writer's husband said in the end showed________. A he expected too much of the brothers_ B. he should not have given the brothers the task to trim the Christmas C. he was too stupid to think of such an idea_ D. he really appreciated what the brothers had done. B Here is some news of the future. March 20. 2035 There was a lot of news around the life extension drugs that hit the market a decade ago. They didn't promise that you would live forever. but they gave you a chance to extend your life an extra five to ten years. Even though the life expectancy rate at birth has increased greatly. the life expectancy for seniors hasn't improved that much. Basically. you have a greater chance to become a senior, but you will not have a much longer lifespan, and this is where the anti-aging drugs intend to kick in. So ,do the anti-aging drugs work? Well. it is too early to tell. But the sales so far are very good. April 19, 2035 Of the total US population of 378 million, people over 65 years of age now make up 20% for the first time. The senior ratio was only 4.1% by year 1900. and l2.4% 30 years ago. The number of people above 65 compared to those of what is considered working ages. between 15 and 64. is currently 33.7%. This is up from l85% since year 2005. which means that for every retired person there are now two workers. compared to four workers 30 years ago. The number of people above the age of 80 has grown t0 23.8 million; making them 6.3% of the total population compared t0 3.6% in 2005. April 12. 2040 Although introduced in the market only five years ago, 10% of all hydrogen fuel now sold in the US is of the environmentally friendly Re-Hydro label, produced through. eletrolysis (电解) based on a source of 1OO% renewable energy. Several producers have turned to producing Re-Hydro. mainly because of lower tax. which also keeps the price of. Re-Hydro on the same level as regular hydrogen. Most analysts believe that Re-Hydro will be the .dominating fuel in the future 25. The sales of the life extension drugs so far clearly show that . A. people have no faith in them B people want to give them a try C. they work very well for seniors D. they have no effect on people's health 26. What can we learn from News 2? A. Many Americans will find it hard to find a job . B. It's very hard for seniors to pass the age of 80. C. The US population has been increasing rapidly since 2005. D. The US population has been aging rapidly since 2005. 27. We can know from the passage that the fuel of the Re-Hydro label is______. A. expensive B cheap C.green D. dangerous
28. What can we infer from News 3? A. Re-Hydro will be widely used in the future. B. The government discourages the production of Re-Hydro. C. Producers are not interested in producing Re-Hydro. D. Re-Hydro is more expensive than regular hydrogen. C Dealing with conflict in the workplace is rarely easy. Hurt feelings and anger can lead to lower employee morale (士气) as well as a loss of productivity and a poor work environment. As a manager. you should find some ways yourself to solve the conflict. The goal is to build a team-centered workforce. You can use role-reversal (角色转换) methods to help each employee understand how the other feels. This model works best when there are only two parties involved. You can hold a meeting with annoyed workers in your office. You might say. "Jane, explain to me how you would feel if Nancy went to lunch with your clients (客户 ) without telling you?" Or. "Nancy, how would you respond if Jane came to me with complaints about you, but hadn't tried to talk to you about them first? " Workers often respond better to praise than criticism. By publicly drawing attention to employees who have healthy work relationships. you can increase the awareness for those who encourage any conflict. Avoid mentioning teams or departments that are being troubled by conflict. Instead. focus on the teams that work well together You might say. "I want to express thanks to the design team for working together to meet the deadline this week," or -Special thanks to the finance department for their teamwork in making sure that the quarterly reports were accurate" And help your employees see that differences can be good and don't necessarily lead to anger or disagreement This is one of the best ways to settle workplace conflicts. You can meet with employees and try to stress the value of different techniques. This lets all parties know that their own styles can be effective. You might say. " I know you disagree on how to market our services. but when you combine Jim's email marketing with Joe's personal one-on-one phone calls, you can increase sales. The two of you go well together. " Or. "I know you have different styles for interacting with clients. but Sally's take-them-out-for-coffee approach works well together with Ann's formal business meeting style Both are necessary for building relationships and getting work done. " 29. To build a team-centered workforce, employees_________. A should learn to be considerate B. should be divided into two parties C shouldn't go out with clients alone D. should learn to accept public criticism 30. By saying the underlined sentence "I want to express thanks ...this week". the author tries to A. differences are not all bad B. role reversals are necessary C. the importance of working together D. the importance of focusing on the positive 31. The author's purpose of writing the text is most likely to ________. A. inform B. persuade C. instruct D. eutertain
D Sure. you know their names, possibly better than you know the name of the street you live on. When the need comes, these names roll off our tongues like they were our own brothers. I am writing about the famous Webster s Dictionary and Roget s Thesaurus. Webster s Dictionary. Many people can respond immediately: Noah Webster. We are aware that he is the father of the dictionary. But who was he? What did he do for a living? When did he live? Noah was born in 1758, graduated from Yale University in 1778. and later graduated from law school He produced the first American dictionary in 1806 and published his influential work An American Dictionary of the English Language in l828. His interests led him to be a lexicographer (词典编纂者). textbook editor, author, Bible translator and spelling reformer. He also produced a large number of writings in medicine, mythology (神话), and the relationship of European and Asian languages. In addition, he .founded the first New York daily newspaper in 1793. He died in 1843. Roget's Thesaurus. And it gives us The chance to learn about Roget, the man-Peter Mark Roget, And who? What? When? Englishman Peter Roget, MD, was born in 1779. He studied medicine and mathematics at the University of Edinburgh. He is considered as the creator of the first-ever thesaurus (同义词典). It has been called one of the three most important books ever printed. along with the Bible and Webster s Dictionary. He began his work Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases in I 805 but did not publish it until 1852-47 years later. In his lifetime. he became a noted lecturer and writer on anatomy(解剖学 ). geology(地质学).bees， and more . When Roget died in 1869 at age 90. his son, John . took over the Thesaurus arid he gradually expanded it. So now you know the two famous books. Not enough information? As well-known humourist James Thurber suggested in the title of his 1941 magazine short story about baseball, You Could Look It Up! 32 . The author states that "these names roll off our tongues" in order to show that people______. A. will learn from the two writers B. have ignored the two writers C. are familiar with the names D. know a lot about the two 33 . According to the text. Noah Webster and Peter Roget are alike because they both______. A. had many interests B. studied medicine C. were professors D liked baseball 34. The purpose of the last paragraph is to_______. A. attract more readers B. come to a conclusion C. encourage further research D. provide background information 35 . Which of the following shows the structure of the whole text?
第二节（共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项其中有两项为多余选项。 Boys do bad at school Despite education reforms and more than enough money, more and more boys have been dropping out of high schools in the United Arab Emirates (阿拉伯联合酋长国 ) for the past few years. 36_They often choose jobs in public services. the army or the police force instead. As a result. only 30% of the universities are made up of male students. Such a condition has also put them at an obvious disadvantage. 37 In such an oil-rich country. families are so wealthy that their children do not need to study hard. Boys often come to school with personal helpers who carry their suitcases for them and help them with their homework. They rely on them to do everything they would otherwise have to do themselves_38_ Public schools usually get enough money from the government. 39 The rest go to private schools where teachers are more interested in pushing children towards a higher education. In public schools. motivation is low and students seem uninterested in learning. Experts agree that teacher training throughout the Emirates needs to be improved. 40 0ne of them is the population's widespread thinking that the government will always supply young citizens with jobs. Authorities are convinced that just pouring money into the school system won't achieve the desired results. Their aim is to have more Emirati males finish high school and continue to go to university, where they will get degrees and have a bright future. A. But what comes after oil runs out in the country?. B . Boys and girls are often separated in public schools. C. Few women will marry a man with lower education. D. However. only 40% of all children attend these schools. E. The Emirati people have been living on the land for centuries. F. Many mistakes have actually been made in the past few years. G. Currently about 25% of boys in the country do not finish high school 第三部分 :英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:完形填空 (共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分) . "How was school, Ben?" I asked my 41 after he began kindergarten(幼儿园) this year. "The work is too 42 and there's not enough time to play." he replied with a deep 43 . I couldn't help but remember Ben's mother. my daughter, Jane, and her 44 to the first day of school. When Julie 45 home that afternoon. I asked her the same question . She also replied with a long, 46 face but her answer was a little different as she announced . "
I didn't learn to 47 today." What a disappointment for a little girl who thought she would 48 know how to read her little books after the first day of school. I had to explain to her that she would 49 learn to read but didn't happen quite that fast. My 50 went back to my school days again I could almost 51 the chalk dust in the air. I suppose few schools still use chalk and blackboards. They have probably been 52 with newer equipment and large computer screens On the first day of school, the expectation was s0 53 that I would be up early in the morning and 54 long before it was time to leave for school We . 55 about 6 blocks to school 56 new shoes that felt tight and carried our small supplies inside a cigar box from one of the local stores. The stores must have saved cigar boxes just to give to us children .We 57 them from year to year until they fell apart. The first day of school was a new beginning, although there might be 58 on the first day. The doors of knowledge had been opened and we 59 great learning adventures. It is an 60 in our lives that most of us remember. It's a big step for a small child toward leaving babyhood and so "there isn't enough time to play". 41. A. son B. grandson C. brother D. cousin 42. A short B. loose C. hard D. long 43. A. cheer B. expression C. concern D sigh 44 A. attention B. approach C.. reaction D. access 45. A. returned B. left C. headed D. escaped 46. A. cheerful B. friendly C. sad D. familiar 47. A. write B. read C. listen D. speak 48. A. widely B. magically C. perfectly D. commonly 49.' A. eventually B. originally C occasionally D. constantly 50. A. idea B. view C. mind D. sight 51. A. smell B. imagine C. taste D. reach 52. A. decorated B. replaced C. exchanged D. equipped 53. A. small B. great C faint D. slight 54. A. anxious B. nervous C. curious D. ready 55. A. walked B. drove C: ran D rode 56. A. on B. in C. by D. with 57. A. saved B. used C. protected D. hid 58 . A. excitement B. anxiety C. disappointment D. sorrow 59. A. expected B. promised C. demanded D appreciated 60. A. matter B. affair C. fact D. event 第 II 卷非选择题 第三部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第二节： （共 10 小题；每题 1 5 分，共 15 分） l.阅读下而材料．在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。
Alan: Racial prejudice continued to be exercised by the authorities long after the end of the slavery and the 61 (liberate) of slaves in the United States of America. You only have to look into this case to see 62 I mean. Gina: So what's the ease about? Alan: It's about a handful of black teenagers accused 63 robbery Gina: How did they come to be accused? Alan: Some white teenagers said they had been attacked by black teenagers and the police 64 were looking for them stopped a train and searched it. They and several other black and white people on board were found riding the train without 65 (possess) tickets. Two of the white women swore that they 66 (rob) of their cash and chequebook by these boys. Gina: Then what happened? Alan: They were arrested and sentenced to death Gina: So what was the problem? Alan: At first they were kept under high security and not allowed 67 (see) lawyers. When they were finally tried, the jury(陪审团） was all white and so was 68 judge. Gina: They still might have been guilty. Alan: No. One of the women later admitted she had lied Despite this, only four of them were released. By then, they had spent six years in prison. The 69 were either sent to jail forseventy five years or sentenced to death. Gina: So what happened? Was there a happy en ding? Alan: Not really. In the end none of them spent less than ten years in prison. Twenty four years later. only long after they had all died, were all of them 70 (final) pardoned. 第四部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：短文改错（共 10 分：每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下短文。短文中 共有 10 处错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^)，并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼)划掉。 修改： 在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Jack had a serious accident and is now in hospital. Yesterday afternoon, Jack was crossing the street while a car was coming towards him at great speed. When the driver saw Jack. But it was too late for him to stop the car. Jack was knocked down, lay on the ground. The driver dialed 120,and soon an ambulance came and takes Jack to hospital immediately After about three hours' operation ,Jack was out from danger. But when I went to see her this morning, he was lying in bed, his eye closed I hope he get good again as sooner as possible 第二节：书面表达（满分 25 分） 假设你是李华，最近跟父母去国外旅行时所居住的旅馆服务不好。请根据以下要点提示
给旅馆老板写一封英文投诉信， l 空调无法关掉； 2 浴室不干净； 3．晚上周围噪音很大，且不给更换房间。 4 服务员态度随意，漫不经心。 注意：l．词数 100 左右； 2．短文须包括所给要点，但不必逐句翻译； 3 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 4 文章的开头和结尾已经给出，下计入总词。 Dear Sir or Madam， I am writing to complain about your hotel service. My parents and I had a terrible stay in Room 512. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Looking forward to hearing from you Yours faithfully Li Hua
中原名校 2014 年高考仿真模拟统一考试英语参考答案 听力: 1—5CACBA 6—10BCCBB 11—15AAABA 16—20BBACA 阅读理解： 21—24 CADD 25—28 BDCA 29—31 ADC 32—35 CACD 36—40 GCADF 完型填空： 41—45 BDDCA 46—50 CBBAC 51—55 ADBDA 56—60 BBCAD 语法填空： 61. liberation 62. what 63. of 64. who/that 65. possessing 66. had been robbed 67. to see 68. the 69. others 70. finally 短文改错： Jack had a serious accident and is now in hospital. Yesterday afternoon, Jack was crossing the street while a car was coming towards him at∧ when a great speed. When the driver saw Jack, but it was too late for him to stop the car. Jack was knocked down, lay on the ground. The driver dialed 120, and soon an ambulance came and takes lying took Jack to hospital immediately. After about three hours’ operation, Jack was out from danger. But of when I went to see her this morning, he was lying in bed, his eye closed. him eyes I hope he will get good again as sooner as possible. well soon 书面表达： Dear Sir or Madam, I am writing to complain about your hotel service. My parents and I had a terrible stay in Room 512. Firstly, the air-conditioner wouldn’t work. When I asked the staff for help, they said ok. But eventually no one came. Secondly, I found the bathroom rather dirty to bathe in. What was worse, the noise outside at night was so loud we found it hard to fall asleep. I asked to change rooms, but was refused for the reason that the hotel was full. It was surprising that the waiters treated us in a very casual and indifferent manner. I would like you to refund my money. Unless I get a satisfactory reply, I’ll write to the Consumer Association. Looking forward to hearing from you. Yours faithfully,