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希望英语3(第二版)综合教程U3


希望英语(第二版)综合教程 3

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希望英语 (第二版) 综合教程 13 希望英语 (第二版) 综合教程

Un

it 3 Career Women
外语教学与研究出版社

希望英语(第二版)综合教程 3

Unit 3 Career Women

Speaking

Reading B & Reading C

Reading A

Writing

Listening

Presentation

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Speaking
Task 1 Task 2 Task 3

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Speaking

Task 1

honest, kind, great, brilliant (有才 气 的 ), excellent, helpful, perfect, salary, family, kid, health, marriage, active, brave, gentle, polite, appearance, faith, partnership (伴侣关 positive (积极的), serious, foolish, secretary,系),doctor, nurse, singer, relationship with family members, stupid, crazy, lazy, patient (耐心的), dancer, musician, pilot, policewoman, childlessness, achievement, fair (skin) (白皙的皮肤), rough (skin) (粗糙的皮肤), pessimistic (悲观的), optimistic (乐 dentist (牙科医生), 排 斥 ), carpenter competition exclusion ( 竞 争 (木匠), well-built ( 体 格 健 美 的 ), stout ( 结 实graceful 的 ), 的 , 胖 (优美的), 观的), careless,engineer, gender discrimination ( 性 别 歧 视 ), manager, agent (经纪人), muscular (肌肉的), fat, overweight (超重), chubby感 的 ), rude, selfish, sensitive ( 敏 clerk, professor, scientist, waitress, relationship among colleagues, (丰满的), lean (瘦的), shy, sincere, severe (严厉的), strict, slim/slender (苗条), skinny, stewardess(女乘务员), banker(银行家), sexual gender equality ( 男 女 平 等 ), weak, tall, short, beautiful, pretty, cute (聪明的), humorous, independent, barber(理发师), bookseller harassment ( 性 骚 (书商), loyalty, 扰 ), ugly, handsome, nearsighted/shortsighted (近视的), 的 ), responsible, intelligent (challenge, director 聪明 businesswoman, (主管), farsighted/longsightedcapable, modest ( 谦 虚 的 ), cruel, pressure, overtime work, (远视的), masculine (男子气 firewoman (消防队员), postwoman (邮 love, housework, privacy, intelligence, 概的), feminine (女性的), elegant, tall stubborn (顽固的) merchant (商人), operator, tailor 差), capability (裁缝), typist, salesgirl, sportswoman

Look at the pictures on Page 38 and list words or phrases about them. Then work with your partner and fill in the table with words or phrases after the examples.nice, clever, wise, bright, smart,

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Speaking

Task 2
are likely to be required to stay with us if we have important visitors. W: I see. M: What are your salary expectations? W: I really need more information about the job before we start to discuss salary. Maybe you could tell me what is budgeted for the position. M: The starting monthly salary would be ? 2,000, with rises after half a year according to your performance. W: I think it acceptable. And when can I know the decision? W: We’ll inform you of our final decision before next Monday.
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Practice the given dialog in pairs. Then use the words or phrases from Task 1 to make up a dialog about career women.
M: Good morning, Miss Wang. Would you please tell me about yourself and your past experience? W: Sure. Mr. Lee. I have worked as an executive secretary for 5 years for a trading company. I am easy-going and get on well with various types of people. M: Good. Sometimes we are very busy and need to work overtime. How do you feel about that? W: Oh, I have a two-year-old baby. Could you tell me how often and how many hours I should work overtime? M: Well, it just depends. For example, you

Speaking

Task 3

Work in pairs. Take turns asking your partner the following
questions and make notes. Then organize your notes and report to the class.

a) What roles do you think should a woman play at home and at work? b) Could you say something about the differences between a career woman and a housewife? c) If you had a choice, would you prefer (your wife) to be a career woman or a housewife? Why?

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Reading A
Task 1 Task 2 Text New Words and Expressions Task 7 Task 8 Task 5 Task 6

Task 3 Task 4

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Reading A

Task 1

Give brief answers to the following questions. Then compare
your answers with your partner’s.

1. What is life probably like for a very successful career woman?
She is very busy and doesn’t spend much time with her family. She lives a happy/ lonely life. She is probably childless, or single.

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Reading A

Task 1

Give brief answers to the following questions. Then compare
your answers with your partner’s.

2. Many successful women in the US are childless. In your opinion, what are the possible reasons?
They choose not to have children. They are too busy to have children. They worry more about career than about marriage and children. Many of them don’t have a husband.

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Reading A

Task 1

Give brief answers to the following questions. Then compare
your answers with your partner’s.

3. Do you think men should also be held responsible for the problem?
Yes, I think men should also be held responsible. No, I don’t think so. I think women should be held responsible themselves.

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Reading A Task 2 Text
Now read the following passage. Mark the difficult parts, if there are any, and ask the teacher to explain afterwards.

Career Women
Hewlett, the author of Creating a Life, gives a picture of what life is like

in the US for career women, based on extensive research. The heart of the
book is a national survey of the parental and marital status of 1,168 highachieving professional women, 479 of whom have dropped out of the

workforce.

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Reading A Task 2 Text

This is the study that earned Hewlett’s book a cover story in Time
magazine. It focused on the findings that 49% of women over 40 who earn more than $100,000 a year are childless. Comparatively, only 19% of men over 40 have no kids. You might assume that these women chose the life they’re living. The fact is, according to this study, only 14% of those women said they had not wanted children.

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Reading A Task 2 Text

So what happened? Lots of people will stick to their own views on the
subject, whether or not they read the book. Based on a lot of the press comments, one widespread assumption is that most of these women cared more about their careers than about marriage and children, and now they are paying the price.

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Reading A Task 2 Text

But Hewlett reveals an astonishing reality, one that is neglected by those people who see this as an absolute woman’s problem, or fault. A

primary reason why so many career women don’t have children is that they
don’t have spouses. Only 57% of the high-achieving women over 40 are married, compared with 83% of male achievers. Overall, high-achieving

women either marry early or not at all. Just 10% of the women surveyed
got married for the first time after age 30, and 1% after age 35.

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Reading A Task 2 Text
One woman interviewed, an executive of a securities company, points out how those statistics work out in her office. “Half of the male colleagues in my company… are already married with children. And in all cases they have stay-at-home wives. In contrast, most of the female colleagues are single. Only three of them are married, and neither have children.” Further up the career ladder the male-female distinction becomes even more marked, she says. The male managers are all married with kids, while the female managers are both divorced and childless.
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Reading A Task 2 Text

It seems that men don’t have much interest in women who get master’s degrees. A number of interviews about women show that as they

became more successful, they were rejected by men, found it difficult to
get a date in the first place, or ended up with men who didn’t want children at all (often because they already had kids). As one woman acknowledges:

“The fact is that most successful men are not interested in acquiring a peer
as a partner.”

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Reading A Task 2 Text

How about viewing this as a male rather than a female problem?
Classes could be set up to encourage men to marry women who are their professional equals. CEOs could start changing a corporate culture that

seems to have been designed by and for men not eager to go back to their
families. And perhaps we all could recognize that, since children are the future of society, it might be worthwhile to balance children’s needs with the demands of the workplace.

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Reading A
职业女性
休利特是《创造生活》一书的作者。该书在 广泛研究的基础上,对美国职业女性的生活进行 了描述。该书的核心是一项在全国范围内展开的 对1,168名卓有成就的职业女性的婚育状况所作 的调查,其中479名已退出了劳动大军。

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Reading A
这项研究为休利特的书赢得了《时代》杂志 的封面报导。该书着重探讨这样一个调查结果: 40岁以上、年收入超过10 万美元的女性中有49% 没有孩子。与之相比,40 岁以上的男性只有19% 没有孩子。你可能认为是这些女性自己选择了这 样的生活方式。而事实是,根据这份研究,这些 女性中只有14%的人表明不想要孩子。
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Reading A

那么究竟是怎么回事呢?无论读没读过这部书, 许多人都会坚持自己对这个问题的看法。根据许多的 新闻评论,人们普遍认为,这些妇女中,大部分把工 作看得比婚姻和孩子更重要,而现在她们正为此付出 代价。

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Reading A
但是休利特揭示了一个令人震惊的事实,一 个被那些认为这完全是女性的自身问题或过错的 人所忽略的事实。为什么如此多的职业女性没有 孩子?一个主要的原因是她们没有配偶。40岁以 上的成功女性中只有57%的人已婚,而男性中83% 的人已婚。总的来说,事业有成的女性要么结婚 很早,要么根本不结婚。被调查的女性中,只有 10%在30岁之后第一次结婚,1%是在35岁之后。
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Reading A
一位证券公司的女主管在接受采访时,指出 了以上统计数据是如何在她的办公室里体现出来 的。“在我的公司里,一半的男同事已婚并有孩 子,妻子在家操持家务。相反,大多数女同事都 是单身,只有3人结了婚,并且还没有孩子。” 职位越高,这种男女差异就越明显。她说,男经 理都已婚有孩子,而女经理都离异无子。
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Reading A
似乎男性对拥有硕士学位的女性不太感兴 趣。许多采访发现,随着女性越来越成功,她 们会被男人拒绝,要么起初连约会都很难,要 么最终因男人根本不想要孩子而结束(通常是 因为他们已经有孩子了)。就如一位女性承认 的那样:“事实是,大多数成功男人对找一位 成就相当的伴侣并不感兴趣。”
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Reading A
不妨把这看作是男性问题而不是女性问题如 何?应当开设一些课程来鼓励男人与同样事业有 成的女人结婚。首席执行官们应着手改变这种似 乎由那些不急于回家的男人所设计,同时也是为 他们服务的企业文化。也许我们都能意识到,既 然孩子是社会的未来,或许平衡一下孩子的需要 和工作的要求是值得的。
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Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

give a picture of (something)

to describe (something) e.g. The book gives a good picture of everyday life in ancient Rome. Translation 面试反映了求职者在压力下如何表现。 A job interview can give a good picture of how an applicant performs under pressure.
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Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

extensive

a. containing or dealing with a lot of information and details e.g. The issue has been the subject of extensive debate. Translation 这种装置经受过广泛的试验。 The device had undergone extensive testing.
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Reading A

Task 2
heart

New Words and Expressions

n. the central or most important part e.g. Let’s get to the heart of the matter.

Translation 问题的关键是缺乏经费。
The heart of the problem is a shortage of funds.
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Reading A

Task 2
survey

New Words and Expressions

n. a general examination or study (of conditions, opinions, etc.), esp. carried out by asking people questions v. to make a survey of

e.g. The latest survey shows a majority in support of the government policy.
The department surveyed 10% of the students who had passed CET-4.

Translation 跟踪调查表明复发率仅为5%。
学校只调查5岁以下儿童。

Follow-up survey shows that the reoccurrence rate is only 5%. The school only surveys children under five.
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Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

drop out (of)

to stop attending or taking part

e.g. He dropped out of college after only two weeks.
Translation 由于一只脚踝扭伤,他退出了比赛。 He dropped out of the race because of a sprained ankle.
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Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

Time (TIME)

is an American news magazine. Created in 1923 by Briton Hadden and Henry Luce, it was the first weekly news magazine in the United States.

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Reading A

Task 2
focus on

New Words and Expressions

to pay special attention to a particular person or thing instead of others e.g. Modern medicine has tended to focus too much on developing highly complicated surgical techniques.

Translation 我们必须把注意力集中在效率上。 We must focus our attention on efficiency.
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Reading A

Task 2
finding

New Words and Expressions

n. (usually plural) the information that someone has leant as a result of their studies, work, etc. e.g. Surveys conducted in other countries reported similar findings. Translation 委员会在彻底调查以后报告了调查结果。

The committee reported its findings after a thorough investigation.
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Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

comparatively

ad. as compared to something else or to a previous state e.g. The children were comparatively well-behaved today. Translation 他的智力相对地比他哥哥强。

His intelligence is comparatively favorable with that of his brother.
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Reading A

Task 2
stick to

New Words and Expressions

to act according to or keep to (something); not to give up e.g. I’ve made my decision and I’m going to stick to it.

Translation 记者应该坚持调查事实真相。
Reporter should stick to investigating the facts.
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Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

pay the price (for something)

to suffer a disadvantage or loss in return for something one has gained
e.g. Our troops recaptured the city, but they paid a heavy price for it. Translation 她为自己不受欢迎的观点付出了代价。 She paid the price for her unpopular opinions.
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Reading A

Task 2
astonishing

New Words and Expressions

a. so surprising that it is almost impossible to believe e.g. This is the most astonishing fact you’ll ever have to confront. Translation 魔术师表演了一些令人惊叹的戏法。 The magician performed some astonishing tricks.
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Reading A

Task 2
neglect

New Words and Expressions

v. to give little attention or care to e.g. You’ve been neglecting your work. Translation 你走时别忘了锁门。 Don’t neglect to lock the door when you leave.

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Reading A

Task 2
primary

New Words and Expressions

a. chief, main

e.g. A primary cause of Tom’s failure is his laziness.
Translation 爱和恨是基本的情感。 Love and hatred are primary emotions.

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Reading A

Task 2
statistics

New Words and Expressions

n. a collection of numbers which represent facts of measurements e.g. Statistics on illness are used in planning health care. Translation 我碰巧身边有官方的统计数字。 I happen to have the official statistics with me.
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Reading A

Task 2
in contrast

New Words and Expressions

used when you are comparing objects or situations and saying that they are completely different from each other e.g. Their movement, in contrast, reached a membership of 100,000 in two years.

Translation 与此相反,其他人坚持阅读广泛。
In contrast, others insist on reading extensively.
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Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

Further up the career ladder... becomes even more marked.:

Among men and women with higher ranks or in higher positions, the differences are more obvious.

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Reading A

Task 2
marked

New Words and Expressions

a. very clear and easy to notice e.g. He showed a marked lack of interest. Translation 秋天天气比较凉爽, 与炎热的夏天明显不同。 Colder weather in the fall is a marked difference from the heat of summer.
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Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

in the first place

used when talking about what was done, or should have been done, at the start of a situation e.g. I should never have gone in the first place. Translation 你为何首先选择篮球呢? Why did you choose basketball in the first place?
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Reading A

Task 2
end up

New Words and Expressions

to reach or come to a certain place, state or action, esp. by a lengthy route or progress e.g. If you continue to steal, you’ll end up in prison. Translation 如不努力工作,你就一事无成。 If you don’t work hard, you’ll end up nowhere.
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Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

acknowledge

v. to accept the truth of (something); admit (something)

e.g. They acknowledged to us that they were defeated.
Translation 他不愿认输。 He is unwilling to acknowledge defeat.
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Reading A

Task 2
acquire

New Words and Expressions

v. to get by one’s own efforts e.g. The museum has just acquired a famous painting by Pablo Picasso. Translation 经验是永远学不足的。 One can never acquire enough experience.
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Reading A

Task 2
view

New Words and Expressions

v. to regard something in a particular way e.g. Viewed from a financial standpoint, the show was a failure. Translation 我们将每一位客户视为合作伙伴。 We view every customer as a partner.
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Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

rather than

instead of somebody/something e.g. These are political rather than social matters. Translation 她是职业妇女而不是家庭主妇。 She is a career woman rather than a housewife.
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Reading A

Task 2
equal

New Words and Expressions

n. someone who is as important, intelligent, etc. as you are, or who has the same rights and opportunities as you do e.g. It’s a relief to find a boss who treats employees as equals. Translation 他觉得他们和他地位相等。 He feels that they are his equals.
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Reading A

Task 2

New Words and Expressions

corporate

a. belonging to or connected with a business e.g. This policy is a key feature of our long-term corporate planning. Translation 你应该学会仔细研读公司年度报告。 You should learned to read between the lines of corporate annual reports .
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Reading A

Task 2
balance

New Words and Expressions

v. to try to give equal importance to two things e.g. She had learned to balance working efficiency with good human relationships. Translation 你必须权衡住在大城市的利与弊。 You have to balance the advantages of living in a big city against the disadvantages.
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Reading A

Task 3

Read the above passage again and fill in the following table. 49% of them are childless, but only 14% said they had not wanted children. Only 57% of them are married. They either marry early or not at all. A primary reason why so many of them are childless is that they are unmarried. Most successful men are not interested in marrying a peer. Men should be encouraged to marry their professional equals. Employees should be allowed to spend more time with their families.
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Reading A

Task 4

Fill in the blanks with words or phrases from the above passage according to the meaning in the right column. The first letters are already given. Then compare your answers with your partner’s.
cknowledge a ___________ eject r _____ b alance ________ ivorced d ________ nterview i ________ eveal r ______ a cquire _______ urvey s _______ n eglect ________ rop ___ d ___ out

accept the truth of something refuse to accept consider or compare no longer married (of a reporter, etc.) ask somebody questions to find out his views make (facts, etc.) known gain something by one’s own efforts or action look into the opinions, etc. of somebody by questioning give no or not enough care or attention to leave an activity, course, etc. before it has finished
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Reading A

Task 5

Complete the following sentences with words or phrases from Task 4. Change forms if necessary.
acquired 1. The company has recently _________ a new office building in central
London.

rejected 2. He was _________ for the army because of his bad eyesight.
3. He’d given too much attention to his career, worked long hours, thus

neglected ___________ his wife. dropped out 4. Smith injured his knee and _____________ of the team against his will.
5. When the election results were made known, the Prime Minister _____________ that he was defeated. acknowledged

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Reading A

Task 5

Complete the following sentences with words or phrases from Task 4. Change forms if necessary.
revealed 6. Their findings ________ that a growing number of British people are
overweight. 7. You have to ________ the advantages of living in the country against balance the disadvantages.

surveyed 8. They _________ five hundred householders and found that only 40% of
them had dishwashers.

divorced 9. When George was only four years old, his parents got _________.
interview 10. The reporter took the chance to _________ the President about the
government policy.

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Reading A

Task 6

Rewrite each of the following sentences, using the words given below.

1. He promised to help us and he did as he promised. He promised to help us and he stuck to his word. 2. The army refused to accept him because of his poor health condition. He was rejected for the army because of his poor health condition.

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Reading A

Task 6

3. Neither of the two sides would give in, and their talk finished with a quarrel. Their talk ended up with a quarrel as neither of the two sides would give in. 4. The boy’s parents just didn’t want to listen any more though the teacher tried to explain and give the information about what the boy did at school. The teacher tried to give a picture of what the boy did at school but his parents just didn’t want to listen any more. 5. Frank’s family couldn’t afford his schooling any longer, so he had to leave school. Frank had to drop out of school as his family couldn’t afford his schooling any longer.
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Reading A
Model 1:

Task 7

Rewrite the following sentences after the model.

The male managers are all married with kids. The female managers are both divorced and childless. — The male managers are all married with kids, while the female managers

are both divorced and childless.
1. Their country has plenty of oil. Ours has none.

Their country has plenty of oil, while ours has none.

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Reading A

Task 7

2. They want a house. We prefer to live in an apartment.

They want a house, while we prefer to live in an apartment.
3. English is understood all over the world. Malay (马来语) is spoken by only a few people outside Malaysia itself.

English is understood all over the world, while Malay (马来语) is spoken by only a few people outside Malaysia itself.
4. I have no money to spend. You have nothing to spend money on.

I have no money to spend, while you have nothing to spend money on.
5. The work is easy for an expert. It is difficult for an inexperienced person.

The work is easy for an expert, while it is difficult for an inexperienced person.
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Reading A
Model 2:

Task 7

Rewrite the following sentences after the model.

A number of women interviewed found that it was difficult to get a date in the first place. — A number of women interviewed found it difficult to get a date in the first place.
1. We thought that it was possible for John to come later.

We thought it possible for John to come later.

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Reading A

Task 7

2. I found that it was hard to describe the details of the accident.

I found it hard to describe the details of the accident.
3. Do you think that it is necessary to argue with him about it?

Do you think it necessary to argue with him about it?
4. They found that it was a good idea to put up a new building by the
riverside.

They found it a good idea to put up a new building by the riverside.
5. We all consider that it is a pity that you didn’t come to our party.

We all consider it a pity that you didn’t come to our party.

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Reading A

Task 8

Translate the following sentences into English, paying attention to the highlighted parts.
1.自从俱乐部新经理上任以来,已有3名成员退出了。

Three members have already dropped out since the club’s new manager
arrived. 2.我们等那么久还是值得的,因为我们买到了想要的票。

It was worthwhile for us to wait so long because we bought the tickets we
had wanted. 3.他是教师,而不是作家。 He is a teacher rather than a writer.
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Reading A

Task 8

Translate the following sentences into English, paying attention to the highlighted parts.
4.她喜欢什么就买什么,结果负债累累。

She bought whatever she liked and ended up in heavy debt.
5.如果他们不遵守诺言,我们将停止与他们合作。 Unless they stick to their promise, we will stop working together with them.

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Listening
Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Task 4 Task 5 Task 6

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Listening Task 1
Listen to each of the following statements twice and write them down.
Overall, high-achieving women either marry early or not at all. 1. ______________________________________________

2. 3. 4. 5.

Further up the career ladder the male-female distinction becomes even more marked. ______________________________________________ The hard fact is that most successful men are not interested in acquiring a peer as a partner. ______________________________________________ A primary reason why so many career women don’t have children is that they don’t have spouses. ______________________________________________ The heart of the book is a national survey of the parental and marital status of professional women. ______________________________________________

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Listening Task 2
Listen to the five conversations, and choose the best answer for each of the questions you hear.

A

1. A. Work at home.

B

4. A. The woman’s husband doesn’t like marring a career woman. B. The woman’s husband enjoys doing housework at home. C. The woman complains about her

B. Go and have a picnic.
C. Go to the office.

A

2. A. Sheila works hard as a CEO. B. Sheila works for the CEO of the company. C. Sheila doesn’t like her job.

husband doing no housework.

C

3. A. She is too old to have a baby. B. She doesn’t like kids. C. She suffers stress from work.

A

5. A. The girl may work as a typist. B. The girl may work as a pilot. C. The girl may work as a fireman.

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Listening Task 2
Donna: Oh... Mom, don’t push me. I have 1. M: What’s your plan for the weekend, too much pressure from work. Kelly? How about having a picnic in Q: Why doesn’t Donna want to have a kid? the park? 4. M: Does your husband complain about W: Sorry, dear. I have to work at home marrying a successful career woman? and hand in a report to my boss next W: No, he has nothing to complain about. Monday. Actually, he prefers to stay at home Q: What will Kelly do this weekend? and run the house. He enjoys doing 2. M: Sheila is too career-minded—her job is that as a matter of fact. her whole life. Q: What can we infer from the dialog? W: That’s why she’s the CEO of our 5. W: Dad, I feel so bad. I can only get company. those so-called “female occupations”. Q: What can we infer from the dialog? Why? 3. Mom: Donna, do you think it’s time for you M: Probably because you’re a girl. to have a kid? You’re 35 now. Q: What can we infer from the dialog?

SCRIPT

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Listening Task 3
Listen to the dialog and complete the following plan with what you hear.

8 o’clock, Saturday bus station by noon William Thomas

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Listening Task 3
SCRIPT
Ted: Tomorrow is Saturday. Marsha, do you have any plans? Marsha: I was thinking about climbing Mount Wutong. Do you want to join me tomorrow? T: Why not? M: Maybe we can get a few colleagues to go together. T: That’s a good idea. So who do you have in mind? M: William, Thomas, and Sarah might want to go, but I don’t know if they’ve already got plans. T: We can ask them later. When and where shall we meet? M: How about 7 o’clock at the bus station? I’d like to start early so we can get to the top of the mountain by noon. T: Seven is a bit too early... how about eight? M: Eight is fine. T: Great! I’ll write out a shopping list of everything we’ll need. M: OK! I’ll go and see who I can get to come with us. Let’s all meet downstairs after work to work out the details. T: Sounds cool. See you then.

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Listening Task 4
Listen to the short passage and fill in the blanks with what you hear.

Apparently, the way girls are raised—to be independent and selfsufficient—has had the unexpected result of producing 30-something career women who realize that ___________________________. Both men and all the good men are married women are waiting longer to marry: age 25 for women, 27 for men. But a career woman in her 30s is three times more likely to be single today than one in the 1970s. Indeed, particularly those with high levels of education are _____________________________ staying single far longer into their adult years than in previous eras. Those women have “aged out” of the college dating pool—the perfect system for pairing off like-minded men and women.
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Listening Task 4
Listen to the short passage and fill in the blanks with what you hear.

They find that their career-centered lifestyle doesn’t create much opportunity _______________________ to meet possible husbands. Even worse, these women find that they’re competing against 20-something girls for whatever good men remain. According to a survey, men are _________________ get are in no hurry to married these days and are not in a hurry to have children because they know they can wait almost as long as they want. Men see marriage as a final step ___________________________ in a process of growing up, and they hope this process lasts longer. What’s more, they are doubtful of 30-something career women.
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Listening Task 5
Listen to the dialog and use your own words to answer the questions according to what you hear. 1. What is Mr. Steward doing? 2. What does the factory produce? 3. Where are the products mostly exported visiting a factory America and Europe toys from Germany

to?
4. Where does the factory get its equipment?

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Listening Task 5
SCRIPT
W: Good morning, Mr. Steward. Welcome to our factory! M: Good morning, Miss Wu. Thank you for making this time available to me. I look forward to the tour of your factory. W: It’s my honor. Now let me take you around. M: That’s very kind of you. Miss Wu, I’m very interested in the toys you are dealing with. Do you make all of them yourselves? W: Yes. We produce all the toys. M: Oh, these toys are so cute! Do you presently export any of them? W: Yes. Many of the toys are made to serve our export markets, mostly in America and Europe. M: Well, that’s good! Can you briefly introduce your products? W: Sure. Here’s the new catalog of our latest products. We have mechanical and electromechanical toys, such as cars, trains, spaceships and so on. We also have doll and animal lines. They attract youngsters very much and sell well. You can have a look at the samples on the shelf. M: Very lovely! I’m attracted as well. W: Mr. Steward, this is the largest workshop of the factory and all the equipment here is imported from Germany. M: Wow! I can’t believe it. But how do you learn to operate these machines? I think they are very difficult to handle. W: Yeah, especially at the beginning. There are some German experts here to train the workers.

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Listening Task 6
Work in pairs and create the following role-play. You work in a Chinese engine factory as the office director. One day a group of American visitors come to your factory for a business negotiation. You take them around and introduce the factory and some latest products.

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Listening Task 6
Work in pairs and create the following role-play.

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Reading B & Reading C
Reading B Text New Words and Expressions

Reading C Text
New Words and Expressions Task 1 Task 2
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Task

Reading B

Text

Career or Family
Power can mean many things, especially the control over one’s life and one’s choices. Compared with their grandmothers and their mothers,

today’s young women are very powerful, indeed.

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Reading B

Text

Most hold jobs. Seventy percent of the mothers of children aged 18

and under are in the labor force, which is ten times more than the
number before World War II. But for all their newly-found power, women are still under the control of the old traditional belief that “father knows best”. That’s especially true when considering the fact that there are so few policies that would ease the burdens of working mothers.

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Reading B

Text

A great deal is written about flextime, job-sharing and part-time schedules, but women pay a very high price when they ask for such arrangements. Companies see them as a great burden so they try every means to place them in lower-paid positions or dismiss them. Women tend to lose opportunities for advancement, even their jobs. As a result, many women still end up in traditional poorly-paid jobs in order to take care of their families.

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Reading B

Text

It’s not only the workplace that blocks women’s pathways. In
their homes, women have to do all the housework their husbands refuse to do. Under the influence of traditional ideas, women still shoulder most of the housework and child care.

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Reading B

Text

And expensive child care remains a problem as well, especially for low-income women. Though working women are supposed to get day-care assistance, there isn’t enough money to go around. The lack of day care often prevents a woman from going out to work.

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Reading B

Text

The United States lags behind other developed countries in national policies that allow men and women to be both good parents and good employees. It took ten years to approve the paid maternity leave that is paid in many countries.

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Reading B

Text

In contrast, Japanese women enjoy paid maternity leave at 40
percent of their salaries. Swedish parents can request a six-hour day until their youngest child is 8, and the leave is for 12 months at 80 percent of

their salaries.
For the sake of our economy and healthy families, our government

and industry ought to make policies that allow women and men to take
care of both their children and a career.
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Reading B

New Words and Expressions

Father Knows Best

an American radio and television comedy series which portrayed middle class family life in the Midwest. It was created by writer Ed James in the 1940s. The title is borrowed here to reflect the fact that men are traditionally more powerful than women.

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Reading B

New Words and Expressions

flextime

n. a variable work schedule, in contrast to traditional work arrangements requiring employees to work a standard 9 am to 5 pm day e.g. Flextime can give employees greater freedom to organize their working lives to suit personal needs. Translation 弹性工作制能帮助你平衡生活,是多种可选
择的工作方式之一。

Flextime is one of several alternative work options that can help you balance your life.
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Reading B

New Words and Expressions

schedule

n. a plan that lists all the work that you have to do and when you must do each thing
e.g. The project was completed ahead of the schedule.

Translation 他原本能按预定进度做完这件事的,但
不知怎地却落后了。

He could have finished it on schedule, but somehow he fell behind.
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Reading B

New Words and Expressions

poorly

ad. badly
e.g. Jana’s doing poorly in school.

Translation 没有人会买一本写得很烂的书。 No one will buy a book which (that) is poorly written.

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Reading B

New Words and Expressions

take care of

to look after someone or something e.g. Who’s taking care of the dog while you’re away? Translation 看在姐妹的份上,你应该照顾你的侄女。 You should take care of your niece for the sake of your sister.
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Reading B

New Words and Expressions

pathway

n. a way or track that is built or is made by the action of people walking e.g. The pathway was rough and covered with little stones. Translation 勤奋是通往成功之途径。 Hard work is the pathway to success.
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Reading B

New Words and Expressions

shoulder

v. to accept a difficult or unpleasant responsibility e.g. The residents are being asked to shoulder the costs of the repairs.

Translation 士兵们背起行装,继续前进。
The soldiers shouldered their kit and moved on.
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Reading B

New Words and Expressions

be supposed to

used when saying what someone should or should not do, especially because of rules or what someone in authority has said e.g. You’re supposed to ask the teacher if you want to leave the classroom. Translation 他们应该在一小时以前到达这里。

They were supposed to be here an hour ago.
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Reading B

New Words and Expressions

go around

to be enough for everyone e.g. Is there enough food to go around? Translation 我们有面包,够大家吃的。
We have enough bread to go around.

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Reading B

New Words and Expressions

lag

v. hang (back) or fall (behind) in movement, progress, development, etc.

e.g. The children always lag behind when we go for a walk.
Translation 参加比赛的运动员中有一些开始落后了。 Some of the runners in the race began to lag.
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Reading B

New Words and Expressions

maternity leave

an employee benefit that provides paid or unpaid time off work to care for a child or make arrangements for the child’s welfare

e.g. Maternity leave was greatly expanded in Canada from 10 weeks to 35 weeks.
Translation 产假工资也被算作收入。

Maternity leave pay is also counted as income.
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Reading B

New Words and Expressions

for the sake of

in order to help, improve, or please someone or something
e.g. We have to stop fighting for the sake of family unity. Translation 为了和平我们作出了让步。 We made concessions for the sake of peace.

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Reading B

Task

Read the passage and complete the following table
1. Today’s young women are very powerful. 2. Most hold jobs. 3. Japanese women enjoy paid maternity leave at 40 percent of their salaries. 4. Swedish parents can request a six-hour day until their youngest child is 8, and parental leave is for 12 months at 80 percent of salaries. 1. Women are still under the control of the old traditional belief that “father knows best”. 2. There are so few policies that would ease the burdens of working mothers. 3. Women pay a very high price when they ask for flextime, job-sharing and part-time schedules. 4. In their homes, women have to do all the housework their husbands refuse to do.

5. Expensive child care remains a problem for low-income women.
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Reading C

Text

Job Dreams Create a Dilemma
I am a married woman with several children, aged from 2 to 15. I am very happy, except that I cannot let go of a dream I have had, of training for a particular job.

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Reading C

Text

I quit school and married quite young. Family arrived quickly, so future plans for me were all over. I now have my high school diploma, and

I cannot concentrate on anything but my dream. I’ve talked to people who
work at the job I am interested in, and they think I would be good at it.

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Reading C

Text

I want to enter the career. I’ve discussed it with my husband, several
times. He thinks I am crazy. He told me we all have dreams, but we don’t need to let them all go to our heads. There is no way he would move from where we live now, and I would have to be away from home, staying in a large training center, for at least a year, if not more.

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Reading C

Text

Should I leave a happy home for this career? If I were to leave, it
would not be because of marriage problems. I’ve cried many times over this problem. I feel so depressed, confused, and not able to set a goal for myself and reach for it.

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Reading C

Text

My husband says he doesn’t want to hold me back. I don’t want
him to leave farming, and I know he wouldn’t, because he loves it so much, even when things get rough.

Should I keep trying to forget my dream, unsuccessfully, or should I reach out and go for it, with or without my husband’s support?

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Reading C

New Words and Expressions

dilemma

n. a situation which makes problems, often one in which you have to make a very difficult choice between things of equal importance
e.g. The bad weather put us in a dilemma.

Translation 在都市的发展中,我们往往会进退两难。 In the process of modern urban development, we often find ourselves in a dilemma.
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Reading C

New Words and Expressions

let go (of)

to stop holding something e.g. She wouldn’t let go of the rope. Translation 放开我,你这可恶的家伙!
Let go of me, you vicious monster!

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Reading C

New Words and Expressions

particular

a. a particular thing or person is the one that you are talking about, and not any other e.g. Fred hasn’t seen that particular film. Translation 它们取决于特定的历史境况。 They depend on a particular historical situation.
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Reading C

New Words and Expressions

concentrate

v. to direct one’s thoughts or efforts; fix one’s attention e.g. I can’t concentrate on my work when I’m tired. Translation 要一次专注于一件事情。

Concentrate on one item at a time.
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Reading C

New Words and Expressions

hold back

to prevent someone from developing or improving e.g. Spending so much time playing sport is holding him back at school. Translation 谁也无法阻止历史车轮的前进。 No one can hold back the wheel of history.
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Reading C

Task 1

Read the passage and choose the best answer for each of the questions. C 1. Which of the following statements is true? A. The author wants to have a career but she has marriage problems. B. The author is unhappy because she has several children to take care of. C. The author can’t decide whether she should go for a career or stay at home. D. The author’s husband doesn’t support her dream. A 2. What does “depressed” mean in Paragraph 4? A. Very sad and without hope. B. Taking a lot of time and effort. C. So bad or difficult. D. Very generous. B 3. Why does the author want to enter the career? A. Because she has a family burden. B. Because she is interested in it and people think she would be good at it. C. Because her husband supports her to fulfill her dream. D. Because she is young and has plenty of time.
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Reading C

Task 2

Read the passage again and answer the following questions.

1. Why doesn’t the author want her husband to leave farming?
Because he loves it so much.

2. What is the author’s dilemma?
Should she keep trying to forget her dream, unsuccessfully, or should she reach out and go for it, with or without her husband’s support?

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Writing
Writing for General Purposes
Task 1 Task 2

Writing for Specific Purposes Task

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Writing for General Purposes

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Writing for General Purposes

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Writing for General Purposes Task 1
Note how the general subject “holiday” has been narrowed by asking questions.

Narrowed topic: Tom’s travel in Beijing last summer holiday
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Writing for General Purposes Task 2
The following topics are too general. Choose one and ask who, what, when, where, why, and how about it. Use the answers you get to write down a narrowed topic.

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Writing for Specific Purposes
An offer refers to the terms and conditions given by the buyer or the seller in buying or selling some kind of commodity. There are two kinds of offers. One is firm offer (实盘), or offer with engagement; the other is nonfirm offer (虚盘), or offer without engagement. A firm offer is sent when the offeror is ready to sign the contract as soon as the offeree agrees on his terms. So a firm offer should state the following points clearly: name of the commodity, quality, specifications (规格), quantity, packing, price, delivery date and terms of payment. A non-firm offer does not necessarily contain all the things in a firm offer. It is not final, often with such words as “subject to prior sale (以先售为准)” or “subject to our final confirmation (以我方最后 确认为准)”. An offer letter usually includes three parts:

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Writing for Specific Purposes

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Writing for Specific Purposes

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Writing for Specific Purposes

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Writing for Specific Purposes Task
Write an offer letter based on the Chinese information provided below.

1. 以对方2010年9月1日前答复为条件,乐于向对方确定如下报价: 2. 品名:鞋子 尺码:34/35/36/37/38 颜色:黑色、白色 数量:600双 价格:深圳离岸价 (FOB) 每双30美元 装船:5月— 6月

付款条件:凭不可撤销信用证见票60天付款 (draft at 60 d/s under irrevocable L/C)

3. 就款式、质量和价格而言,这些产品是无与伦比的。希望贵公司把握机
会,尽早定货。

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Presentation
Work in groups. Give a 5-minute presentation about your field work. Take notes while listening to other groups. Presentation Notes (Template)
Group Number Topic Conclusion Comment

1 2 3 4 5
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希 望 英 语 (第二版)综合教程 3

外语教学与研究出版社


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